2.1 Introduction The background subject which constitutes the main theme of this research is to address the various issues outlined in the objectives, and would be thoroughly explored in this chapter. This includes critically studying existing research materials (i.e. journals, textbooks, thesis, articles, reports and periodicals) to determine the origin, forms, implementation of Public Private Partnership policy and assessing its impact on the socioeconomic advancement of PPP of countries. The research also seeks to identify what has been contributed by both the private and the public sector, and the existence of the legal framework of the PPP programs. 2.2 Background of PPP Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) were introduced as part of neo-liberalization process, firstly, around 1992 in the United Kingdom (UK) by the Conservative government and it is believed to have spread throughout the world thereafter (Hearne, 2009) cited (IPPR, 2001; Osborne, 2000; Payne, 1999; Whitfield, 2001).Governments in most developing countries face the challenge to meet the growing demand for new and better infrastructure services (Quium, 2011). In Ghana the demand for better roads, potable water a
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