The Communists have studied, in detail, the role and functions of media in the society. Karl Marx started his journalist career by doing articles for the radical newspaper "Rheinische Zeitung” in 1842 and later started his own newspaper in 1848. Class struggle is common in economic, political and cultural spheres. The media serves as the roof of economic stability. The struggles in economic sector will reflect on the roof as well. Hence, the Media itself is venue of a class struggle.
Media in Kerala had reflected labour class struggles from the latter's nascent stage. Inspired by the Bolshevik revolution, Congress socialists began organising labour and farmer classes. There was a widespread campaign against Congress socialists then. This forced its leaders to think of using media to achieve their goals and it resulted in the origin of Prabhatham, the first Communist newspaper in Kerala was brought out in January 1935. Though the newspaper lasted for a short period it played a big role in Kerala’s social progress