An, abundance of fossil remains and prehistoric artifacts in some places of Jharkhand point to the possibility that the transformation of homo erectus to homo sap/ens took place in the Chotanagpur region. Stone axes and other tools of early civilizations date back to over 3000 years. In the 6th or 7th century BC - the era of the epic Mahabharata-the "Kikat" Pradesh mentioned in the Rig Veda,was located somewhere in the Parasnath Hills in Giridih district, Jharkhand.This enormous wealth of past times, civilized existence, human societies and their cultural patterns, survive in caves, monuments, rock-art in shelters (petrographs)-and it is open for the world to explore.Is that a dinosaur on the cave wall ? Or a mammoth being chased by a band of early men? Is that a prehistoric fern frozen in stone for millions of years ? Yes. Cave paintings in some parts of Jharkhand, 'stone art' and 'petrography' also indicate the passage of geological time and the ancient presence of a civilization that may even pre-date the legendary Harappa.Many districts of Jharkhand abound in such sites and relics.