Poseidonia and was founded at the beginning of the 6th century B.C. by Achaean
colonists from Sybaris who settled on the fertile plain to the south of the river Sele.
Conquered by the Lucani and then by the Latins, today Paestum presents three areas to
the visitor: two of these, the north and south sanctuaries, were sacred. The third area
in the centre, for public use, was once the Greek Agora and later became the Roman
In the two sanctuaries there are three beautifully conserved doric temples: to the north,
the temple of Ceres, dedicated to the goddess Athena, to the south the Basilica or
temple of Hera and the temple of Neptune, dedicated to Apollo.
In the public area there are Ancient Greek buildings such as the Ekklesiasterion, for
public assemblies, and the Heroon (the underground tomb of the hero that founded the
city), and Roman buildings such as the forum, the Italic temple, the amphitheatre and
The walls surrounding the ancient city have four gateways corresponding to the cardinal
points (Porta Aurea to the north, Porta Giustizia to the south, Porta Sirena to the east,
and Porta Marina to the west).
The map highlights points of interest where the visitor can get more information from
the videos with photos, 3D reconstructions and commentaries.