Electrical Instrumentation-1

Easy Engineering

- April 16, 2013

1

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# Description

This unique application is for all students across the world. It covers 280 topics of Electrical Instrumentation and Process Control in detail. These 280 topics are divided in 5 units.

Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. Introduction to AC Electricity

2. Circuits with R, L, and C

3. RC Filters

4. AC Bridges

5. Magnetic fields

6. Analog meter

7. Electromechanical devices

8. Introduction to Basic Electrical Components

9. Resistance

10. Capacitance

11. Inductance

12. Introduction to Electronics

13. Discrete amplifiers

14. Operational amplifiers

15. Current amplifiers

16. Differential amplifiers

17. Buffer amplifiers

18. Nonlinear amplifiers

19. Instrument amplifier

20. Amplifier applications

21. Digital Circuits

22. Digital signals & Binary numbers

23. Logic circuits

24. Analog-to-digital conversion

25. Circuit Considerations

26. Introduction to Process control

27. Process Control

28. Definitions of the Elements in a Control Loop

29. Process Facility Considerations

30. Units and Standards

31. Instrument Parameters

32. Introduction to Level

33. Level Formulas

34. Direct level sensing

35. Indirect level sensing

36. Application Considerations

37. Introduction to Pressure

38. Basic Terms

39. Pressure Measurement

40. Pressure Formulas

41. Manometers

42. Diaphragms, capsules, and bellows

43. Bourdon tubes

44. Other pressure sensors

45. Vacuum instruments

46. Application Considerations

47. Introduction to Actuators and Control

48. Pressure Controllers

49. Flow Control Actuators

50. Power Control

51. Magnetic control devices

52. Motors

53. Application Considerations

54. Introduction to flow

55. Flow Formulas of Continuity equation

56. Bernoulli equation

57. Flow losses

58. Flow Measurement Instruments of Flow rate

59. Total flow and Mass flow

60. Dry particulate flow rate and Open channel flow

61. Application Considerations

62. Humidity

63. Humidity measuring devices

64. Density and Specific Gravity

65. Density measuring devices

66. Viscosity

67. Viscosity measuring instruments

68. pH Measurements, pH measuring devices and pH application considerations

69. Position and Motion Sensing

70. Position and motion measuring devices

71. Force, Torque, and Load Cells

72. Force and torque measuring devices

73. Smoke and Chemical Sensors

74. Sound and Light

75. Sound and light measuring devices

76. Sound and light application considerations

77. Introduction to Signal Conditioning

78. Conditioning

79. Linearization

80. Temperature correction

81. Pneumatic Signal Conditioning

82. Visual Display Conditioning

83. Electrical Signal Conditioning

84. Strain gauge sensors

85. Capacitive sensors

86. Capacitive sensors

87. Magnetic sensors

88. Thermocouple sensors

89. Introduction to Temperature and Heat

90. Temperature definition

91. Heat definitions

92. Thermal expansion definitions

93. Temperature and Heat Formulas

94. Thermal expansion

95. Temperature Measuring Devices

96. Thermometers

97. Pressure-spring thermometers

98. Resistance temperature devices

99. Thermistors

100. Thermocouples

101. Semiconductors

102. Application Considerations

103. Installation, Calibration & Protection

104. System Documentation

105. Pipe and Identification Diagrams

106. Functional Symbols

107. P and ID Drawings

108. Introduction to Instrument types and performance characteristics

109. Active and passive instruments

110. Null-type and deflection-type instruments

111. Analogue and digital instruments

112. Indicating instruments and instruments with a signal output

All topics are not listed because of character limitations set by the Play Store.

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# Reviews

Helpfulness

Newest

Rating

Helpfulness

All Versions

All Versions

Latest Version

2.8

16 total

5 5

4 3

3 0

2 0

1 8

Nazeer Ahmed

Can't register The key sent was wrong message pop's up. No response from the developer. It's waist of money. I'm recommend to ban this apps developer from Google market.

Francesco Auciello

Poor support Will not let me use app after registering with another app from the same creator. Spent money on something I could have used for school, instead waisted. Really, it takes 7+ months to reply to us, 7+ plus months?!

Ronnie Thomas Varghese

Can't log in I'd bought one other app from faadoo and logged in to that but when I bought the second one and tried logging in, it wouldn't let me. Also, it asks for a password where there is no field to enter a password. I went to the website to reset my "password" (more like create an account and password) but never got an email with the changed password or account info! The app makers should fix this else I want my money back! I guess if I don't hear from the app makers, I can put in a complaint to the Play Store.

Apiline Falevai

How many times Do I need to register and how many email addresses?????? I purchased 15 apps courses on faadooengineers and when I opened 1 and I was required to register with usename and email address and I did. When I opened the second one I was required to do the same and I tried to register but when I did, it said I need new email address as mine has been used, which mean that I had used it for the 1st app I registered for, my problem is that I purchased the apps and now I need 15 email addresses to use the apps!? Please help me as I am desperate for some assistance. Otherwise I would like a refund!

User reviews

Easy Engineering March 27, 2014

Francesco Auciello,The registration issue has been resolved. If problem still persist, kindly mail us your details at apps@faadooengineers.com. We would be happy to help. Easy Engineering March 27, 2014

Ronnie Thomas Varghese,The registration issue has been resolved. If problem still persist, kindly mail us your details at apps@faadooengineers.com. We would be happy to help. Easy Engineering March 27, 2014

Apiline Falevai,The registration issue has been resolved. If problem still persist, kindly mail us your details at apps@faadooengineers.com. We would be happy to help. Easy Engineering March 27, 2014

Sergio Velasquez,The registration issue has been resolved. If problem still persist, kindly mail us your details at apps@faadooengineers.com. We would be happy to help. # Additional information

Updated

April 16, 2013

Size

2.1M

Installs

100 - 500

Current Version

1

Requires Android

2.2 and up

Content Rating

Everyone

Permissions

Report

Flag as inappropriate Offered By

Easy Engineering

Developer

# Similar

## Electrical Instrumentation

This unique free application is for all students across the world. It covers 280 topics of Electrical Instrumentation and Process Control in detail. These 280 topics are divided in 5 units.

Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. Introduction to AC Electricity

2. Circuits with R, L, and C

3. RC Filters

4. AC Bridges

5. Magnetic fields

6. Analog meter

7. Electromechanical devices

8. Introduction to Basic Electrical Components

9. Resistance

10. Capacitance

11. Inductance

12. Introduction to Electronics

13. Discrete amplifiers

14. Operational amplifiers

15. Current amplifiers

16. Differential amplifiers

17. Buffer amplifiers

18. Nonlinear amplifiers

19. Instrument amplifier

20. Amplifier applications

21. Digital Circuits

22. Digital signals & Binary numbers

23. Logic circuits

24. Analog-to-digital conversion

25. Circuit Considerations

26. Introduction to Process control

27. Process Control

28. Definitions of the Elements in a Control Loop

29. Process Facility Considerations

30. Units and Standards

31. Instrument Parameters

32. Introduction to Level

33. Level Formulas

34. Direct level sensing

35. Indirect level sensing

36. Application Considerations

37. Introduction to Pressure

38. Basic Terms

39. Pressure Measurement

40. Pressure Formulas

41. Manometers

42. Diaphragms, capsules, and bellows

43. Bourdon tubes

44. Other pressure sensors

45. Vacuum instruments

46. Application Considerations

47. Introduction to Actuators and Control

48. Pressure Controllers

49. Flow Control Actuators

50. Power Control

51. Magnetic control devices

52. Motors

53. Application Considerations

54. Introduction to flow

55. Flow Formulas of Continuity equation

56. Bernoulli equation

57. Flow losses

58. Flow Measurement Instruments of Flow rate

59. Total flow and Mass flow

60. Dry particulate flow rate and Open channel flow

61. Application Considerations

62. Humidity

63. Humidity measuring devices

64. Density and Specific Gravity

65. Density measuring devices

66. Viscosity

67. Viscosity measuring instruments

68. pH Measurements, pH measuring devices and pH application considerations

69. Position and Motion Sensing

70. Position and motion measuring devices

71. Force, Torque, and Load Cells

72. Force and torque measuring devices

73. Smoke and Chemical Sensors

74. Sound and Light

75. Sound and light measuring devices

76. Sound and light application considerations

77. Introduction to Signal Conditioning

78. Conditioning

79. Linearization

80. Temperature correction

81. Pneumatic Signal Conditioning

82. Visual Display Conditioning

83. Electrical Signal Conditioning

84. Strain gauge sensors

85. Capacitive sensors

86. Capacitive sensors

87. Magnetic sensors

88. Thermocouple sensors

89. Introduction to Temperature and Heat

90. Temperature definition

91. Heat definitions

92. Thermal expansion definitions

93. Temperature and Heat Formulas

94. Thermal expansion

95. Temperature Measuring Devices

96. Thermometers

97. Pressure-spring thermometers

98. Resistance temperature devices

99. Thermistors

100. Thermocouples

101. Semiconductors

102. Application Considerations

103. Installation, Calibration & Protection

104. System Documentation

105. Pipe and Identification Diagrams

106. Functional Symbols

107. P and ID Drawings

108. Introduction to Instrument types and performance characteristics

109. Active and passive instruments

110. Null-type and deflection-type instruments

111. Analogue and digital instruments

112. Indicating instruments and instruments with a signal output

All topics are not listed because of character limitations set by the Play Store.

## Instrumentation Answers

Instrumentation Answers app have latest & advanced Question Answers & videos, for Instrumentation, Diploma and Engineering in Mechanical, Automobile & Production Engineering. this App includes Job Services for Instrumentations.

This App is very useful for Instrumentation, ITI & Engineering Students.

In this app shortcut links are provided to all Top Sites. You can use this App as Web browser.

Features:-

-Instrumentation Questions & Answers

-Instrumentation Quiz

-Advanced videos for Instrumentations and engineers

- educational videos for Instrumentationes & Engineering Students

- Instrumentation educational videos

- Instrumentations educational apps

- fun educational videos for Instrumentation

- educational video and apps for engineers

- educational Instrumentation videos free

- teacher apps

- teacher videos

- learning with fun

- educational video for automobile engg

- educational videos for polytechnic

- learning videos for mechanical engineer

- recognize education app

- educational videos for diploma engineering

- train memory

- improve Knowladge.

-have links to all top websites on net.

-App provide special offers,

-Job Services,

________________________________

Educational Quiz & videos are advanced videos explicitly designed with educational purposes, or which have incidental or secondary educational value. All types of videos may be used in an educational environment. Educational videos are videos that are designed to teach people about certain subjects, expand concepts, reinforce development, understand an historical event or culture, or assist them in learning as they play.

_________________________________

This educational app is developed by-

ENGINEERING APPS- Manoj Dole

Download more educational Apps -

https://play.google.com/store/apps/developer?id=ENGINEERING%20APPS-%20Manoj%20Dole&hl=en

## Diploma Instrumentation Contrl

Diploma Instrumentation and Process Control app have latest & advanced videos of Instrumentation machinery and technique for learning course. this App includes Job & Aprantis information for all sections, In this app shortcut links are provided to all Top Sites. You can use this App as a Web browser.

Features:-

- download all educational apps

-downloads educational games

-have links to all top websites on net.

-app provide special offers,

-Website Designing Services,

-Mobile Application Designing Service,

-Job Services,

-online/Offline net courses,

-Computer/Mobile Accessories & books in Mens Shoppy.

- educational videos for Engineering & ITI Students

- educational videos for Instrumentation engineer

- educational apps for diploma Instrumentation

- fun educational videos for Instrumentation engineering

- educational video and apps for engineers

- educational Instrumentation videos free

- teacher apps

- teacher videos

- learning with fun

- educational video for Instrumentations engg

- educational videos for polytechnic

- learning videos for Instrumentation engineer

- recognize education app

- educational videos for diploma engineering

- train memory

- improve Knowladge.

________________________________

Educational videos are advanced videos explicitly designed with educational purposes, or which have incidental or secondary educational value. All types of videos may be used in an educational environment. Educational videos are videos that are designed to teach people about certain subjects, expand concepts, reinforce development, understand an historical event or culture, or assist them in learning as they play.

_________________________________

This educational app is developed by-

ADHIRAJ MOBILE- Manoj Dole

Download more educational Apps -

https://play.google.com/store/apps/developer?id=ENGINEERING%20APPS-%20Manoj%20Dole&hl=en

## Circuit Builder

Circuit Builder is designed to be an introduction to constructing and operating electronic circuits. Intuitive controls and layout make Circuit Builder the perfect App for understanding the basics of electrical and electronic circuits. Circuit Builder has been optimised for use on tablets, but also works well on large screen smart phones.

Build your own virtual circuits using any combination of electrical components.

The easy to use library of components includes batteries, switches, lamps, resistors (fixed and variable), capacitors, fuses, circuit breakers, buzzers, heaters and motors. Connect components using virtual wires to make a circuit. Put the App into operate mode to see it work. You can even use virtual multimeters to measure voltage, current and resistance.

Circuits can be viewed and built in either component or schematic view.

The component library contains the following items:

Batteries*

1.5V, 6V, 9V and 12V

Switches

Push-to-make, Push-to-break, On-Off, 2-position single-pole, 3-position single-pole,

3-position double-pole, Thermal and Relay

Lamps

6V (5W) clear, 12V (10W) clear, 12V (20W) clear, 12V (20W) red, 12V (20W) yellow and 12V (20W) blue

Resistors

10Ω (5W), 50Ω (5W), 100Ω (5W), 500Ω (5W), 1kΩ (5W), 5kΩ (5W) and 10kΩ (5W)

Variable Resistors

10Ω, 25Ω, 50Ω, 100Ω, 1kΩ and 10kΩ

Capacitors*

500μF, 1mF, 5mF, 50mF, 100mF, 500mF and 1F

Fuses

0.5A, 1A, 1.5A, 2A, 3A, 4A, 5A, 7.5A and 10A

Circuit Breakers

0.5A, 1A, 5A and 10A

Miscellaneous

6V Buzzer, 24V Heater (200W) and a 12V Motor (15W)

*Maximum of four batteries and one capacitor per construction.

## Basic Electrical Engineering-1

!!!!!! Now upgraded Free app of Basic Electrical Engineering is available named Basic Electrical Engineering-1

This unique application is for all students across the world. It covers 108 topics of Basic Electrical in detail. These 108 topics are divided in 5 units.

Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Few topics Covered in this application are:

1. Introduction of electrical engineering

2. Voltage and current

3. Electric Potential and Voltage

4. Conductors and Insulators

5. Conventional versus electron flow

6. Ohm's Law

7. Kirchoff's Voltage Law (KVL)

8. Kirchoff's Current Law (KCL)

9. Polarity of voltage drops

10. Branch current method

11. Mesh current method

12. Introduction to network theorems

13. Thevenin's Theorem

14. Norton's Theorem

15. Maximum Power Transfer Theorem

16. star-delta transformation

17. Source Transformation

18. voltage and current sources

19. loop and nodal methods of analysis

20. Unilateral and Bilateral elements

21. Active and passive elements

22. alternating current (AC)

23. AC Waveforms

24. The Average and Effective Value of an AC Waveform

25. RMS Value of an AC Waveform

26. Generation of Sinusoidal (AC) Voltage Waveform

27. Concept of Phasor

28. Phase Difference

29. The Cosine Waveform

30. Representation of Sinusoidal Signal by a Phasor

31. Phasor representation of Voltage and Current

32. AC inductor circuits

33. Series resistor-inductor circuits: Impedance

34. Inductor quirks

35. Review of Resistance, Reactance, and Impedance

36. Series R, L, and C

37. Parallel R, L, and C

38. Series-parallel R, L, and C

39. Susceptance and Admittance

40. Simple parallel (tank circuit) resonance

41. Simple series resonance

42. Power in AC Circuits

43. Power Factor

44. Power Factor Correction

45. Quality Factor and Bandwidth of a Resonant Circuit

46. Generation of Three-phase Balanced Voltages

47. Three-Phase, Four-Wire System

48. Wye and delta configurations

49. Distinction between line and phase voltages, and line and phase currents

50. Power in balanced three-phase circuits

51. Phase rotation

52. Three-phase Y and Delta configurations

53. Measurement of Power in Three phase circuit

54. Introduction of measuring instruments

55. Various forces/torques required in measuring instruments

56. General Theory Permanent Magnet Moving Coil (PMMC) Instruments

57. Working Principles of PMMC

58. A multi-range ammeters

59. Multi-range voltmeter

60. Basic principle operation of Moving-iron Instruments

61. Construction of Moving-iron Instruments

62. Shunts and Multipliers for MI instruments

63. Dynamometer type Wattmeter

64. Introduction to Power System

65. POWER TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION

66. Magnetic Circuit

67. B-H Characteristics

68. Analysis of Series magnetic circuit

69. Analysis of series-parallel magnetic circuit

70. Different laws for calculating magnetic field-Biot-Savart law

71. Amperes circuital law

72. Reluctance & permeance

73. Introduction of Eddy Current & Hysteresis Losses

74. Eddy current

75. Derivation of an expression for eddy current loss in a thin plate

76. Hysteresis Loss

77. Hysteresis loss & loop area

78. Steinmetzs empirical formula for hysteresis loss

79. Inductor

80. Force between two opposite faces of the core across an air gap

81. ideal transformer

82. Practical transformer

83. equivalent circuit

84. Efficiency of transformer

85. Auto-Transformer

86. Introduction of D.C Machines

87. D.C machine Armature Winding

88. EMF Equation

89. Torque equation

90. Generator types & Characteristics

91. Characteristics of a separately excited generator

92. Characteristics of a shunt generator

93. Load characteristic of shunt generator

94. Single-phase Induction Motor

All topics are not listed because of character limitations set by the Play Store.

## RESIDENTIAL ELECTRICAL WIRING

This app is a complete set of residential electrical wiring diagrams for a sample house.

Residential wiring diagrams, also known as Electrical Construction Drawings, including plans, layouts, schedules and worksheets are used by Electrical Contractors in all Electrical Construction Projects.

This app provides well-presented sample electrical wiring diagrams and step-by-step explanations and calculations for creating the diagrams.

Real-world examples of electrical plans, layouts, schedules and worksheets found in typical construction drawings of residential houses are packaged in this app including:

- Key Floor Plan

- Architectural Floor Plan - Dimensioned

- Electrical Floor Plan

- Wiring Layout

- Electric Panel Schedule

- Electric Appliance Load Schedule

- Electrical Symbols

- Appliance Load Worksheet

- Service Load Worksheet

Electrical plans, layouts, schedules and worksheets are presented as high resolution images.

This app provides you with a practical approach to learning design process for residential wiring systems.

With this app, you have the opportunity to practice how to interpret and how to apply critical electrical code requirements.

All plans and schedules presented with this app are based on NEC requirements.

Real-world examples are used to reinforce key calculations and concepts for anyone working in residential electricity industry.

Practice Makes Perfect!

Electrical plans, layouts, schedules and worksheets presented with this app will provide you with the knowledge base needed for understanding of electrical construction drawings for residential wiring systems in common use today.

Step-by-step instructions for performing each calculation found in typical worksheets are provided for the sample house in this app.

This app is recommended for anyone working in designing, reviewing, evaluating or installing residential electrical systems including:

- Designers

- Installers

- Engineers

- Electrical contractors

- Technicians

- Project managers

- Architects

- Inspectors

- Professional Residential Electricians

## Basic Electrical Engineering

This unique Free application is for all students across the world. It covers 108 topics of Basic Electrical in detail. These 108 topics are divided in 5 units.Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Few topics Covered in this application are:

1. Introduction of electrical engineering

2. Voltage and current

3. Electric Potential and Voltage

4. Conductors and Insulators

5. Conventional versus electron flow

6. Ohm's Law

7. Kirchoff's Voltage Law (KVL)

8. Kirchoff's Current Law (KCL)

9. Polarity of voltage drops

10. Branch current method

11. Mesh current method

12. Introduction to network theorems

13. Thevenin's Theorem

14. Norton's Theorem

15. Maximum Power Transfer Theorem

16. star-delta transformation

17. Source Transformation

18. voltage and current sources

19. loop and nodal methods of analysis

20. Unilateral and Bilateral elements

21. Active and passive elements

22. alternating current (AC)

23. AC Waveforms

24. The Average and Effective Value of an AC Waveform

25. RMS Value of an AC Waveform

26. Generation of Sinusoidal (AC) Voltage Waveform

27. Concept of Phasor

28. Phase Difference

29. The Cosine Waveform

30. Representation of Sinusoidal Signal by a Phasor

31. Phasor representation of Voltage and Current

32. AC inductor circuits

33. Series resistor-inductor circuits: Impedance

34. Inductor quirks

35. Review of Resistance, Reactance, and Impedance

36. Series R, L, and C

37. Parallel R, L, and C

38. Series-parallel R, L, and C

39. Susceptance and Admittance

40. Simple parallel (tank circuit) resonance

41. Simple series resonance

42. Power in AC Circuits

43. Power Factor

44. Power Factor Correction

45. Quality Factor and Bandwidth of a Resonant Circuit

46. Generation of Three-phase Balanced Voltages

47. Three-Phase, Four-Wire System

48. Wye and delta configurations

49. Distinction between line and phase voltages, and line and phase currents

50. Power in balanced three-phase circuits

51. Phase rotation

52. Three-phase Y and Delta configurations

53. Measurement of Power in Three phase circuit

54. Introduction of measuring instruments

55. Various forces/torques required in measuring instruments

56. General Theory Permanent Magnet Moving Coil (PMMC) Instruments

57. Working Principles of PMMC

58. A multi-range ammeters

59. Multi-range voltmeter

60. Basic principle operation of Moving-iron Instruments

61. Construction of Moving-iron Instruments

62. Shunts and Multipliers for MI instruments

63. Dynamometer type Wattmeter

64. Introduction to Power System

65. POWER TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION

66. Magnetic Circuit

67. B-H Characteristics

68. Analysis of Series magnetic circuit

69. Analysis of series-parallel magnetic circuit

70. Different laws for calculating magnetic field-Biot-Savart law

71. Amperes circuital law

72. Reluctance & permeance

73. Introduction of Eddy Current & Hysteresis Losses

74. Eddy current

75. Derivation of an expression for eddy current loss in a thin plate

76. Hysteresis Loss

77. Hysteresis loss & loop area

78. Steinmetzs empirical formula for hysteresis loss

79. Inductor

80. Force between two opposite faces of the core across an air gap

81. ideal transformer

82. Practical transformer

83. equivalent circuit

84. Efficiency of transformer

85. Auto-Transformer

86. Introduction of D.C Machines

87. D.C machine Armature Winding

88. EMF Equation

89. Torque equation

90. Generator types & Characteristics

91. Characteristics of a separately excited generator

92. Characteristics of a shunt generator

93. Load characteristic of shunt generator

94. Single-phase Induction Motor

All topics are not listed because of character limitations set by the Play Store.

## Engineering Electrical

Study Mate - Merchant Mariners "Engineering Electrical"

Need help studying for US Coast Guard / Merchant Mariners "Engineering Electrical Exam"?

Android to the Rescue!!

Study Mate is a fantastic app that has over 1000 multiple choice questions that are given on the actual test as given by the USCG.

Study Mate is intuitive and easy to use. It's great for learning the Rules or just keep yourself polished. Its all inclusive so Its GREAT at sea or anywhere you want to study.

Study Mate allows you to quiz yourself by question categories. You can set the quantity of questions in each test and questions based on you past history answered : Right, Wrong, New Question, Any.

Study Mate grades your test and keeps up with your answers. You can then go back and quiz yourself on past wrong answers. You can quiz yourself over and over until you answer all the questions right! then you can reset all your questions and start all over !!

Study Mate shows you the total number answered, total number right and wrong, and your overall grade.

Study Mate is a GREAT tool for mastering all the questions asked for "Engineering Electrical"

Other Tests Available also such as Deck Exam and Navigation with more on the way !! Just search for "Study Mate" for "Mariners"

We aim to keep our customers very happy and to keep our rankings at the top. Please contact us with any problems you may experience. Our apps are guaranteed our your money back.

If you like the app PLEASE give us feed back to help keep us improving.

For Questions, Problems Or Suggestions Please Contact Us

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Owner : edapptic.com

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## Puissance dans une résistance

eduMedia

1

Un circuit est constitué d'un générateur de tension variable, d'une résistance R de valeur réglable et d'une ampoule en série.

Un ampèremètre placé en série permet de mesurer le courant I du circuit et un voltmètre placée en dérivation mesure la tension UR aux bornes de la résistance.

L'ampoule réagit comme une résistance RA = 10Ω.

La courbe mesure la puissance P dissipée dans la résistance. L'unité de la puissance est le Watt (W)

P = UR x I = R x I2

Quand la tension d'alimentation augmente, I augmente et la puissance dissipée par R augmente.

Quand la valeur de R augmente, I diminue et la puissance dissipée par R diminue.

La résistance réglable R permet de contrôler l'intensité du courant dans le circuit.

Faire glisser les curseurs pour fixer les valeurs de la tension et de la résistance.

Un ampèremètre placé en série permet de mesurer le courant I du circuit et un voltmètre placée en dérivation mesure la tension UR aux bornes de la résistance.

L'ampoule réagit comme une résistance RA = 10Ω.

La courbe mesure la puissance P dissipée dans la résistance. L'unité de la puissance est le Watt (W)

P = UR x I = R x I2

Quand la tension d'alimentation augmente, I augmente et la puissance dissipée par R augmente.

Quand la valeur de R augmente, I diminue et la puissance dissipée par R diminue.

La résistance réglable R permet de contrôler l'intensité du courant dans le circuit.

Faire glisser les curseurs pour fixer les valeurs de la tension et de la résistance.

## Advanced SemiconductorDevicesI

!!!!!!! Free version of this app is also available on same store...........Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

This ultimate application is for all engineering students across the world. It covers 169 topics of Advance Semiconductor Devices in detail. These 169 topics are divided in 5 units.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. The Haynes-Shockley Experiment

2. Semiconductor Materials

3. Crystal Lattice

4. Cubic Lattices

5. Planes and Directions

6. The Diamond Lattice

7. Bulk Crystal Growth

8. Growth of Single Crystal Ingots

9. Wafers

10. Epitaxial growth

11. Vapor-phase epitaxy

12. Molecular beam epitaxy

13. Charge Carriers in Semiconductors

14. Effective Mass

15. Intrinsic Material

16. Extrinsic Material

17. Electrons and Holes in Quantum Wells

18. The Fermi Level

19. Compensation and Space Charge Neutrality

20. Drift and Resistance

21. Optical absorption

22. Photoluminescence

23. Electroluminescence

24. Carrier Lifetime and Photoconductivity

25. Direct Recombination of Electrons and Holes

26. Indirect Recombination; Trapping

27. Steady State Carrier Generation; Quasi-Fermi Levels

28. Photoconductive Devices

29. Diffusion Processes

30. Diffusion and Drift of Carriers: Built-in Fields

31. Diffusion and Recombination; The Continuity Equation

32. Steady State Carrier Injection: Diffusion Length

33. Gradients in the Quasi-Fermi Levels

34. Temperature Dependence of Carrier Concentrations

35. Effects of Temperature and Doping on Mobility

36. High-Field Effects

37. The Hall Effect

38. Fabrication of p-n Junctions: Thermal oxidation

39. Diffusion of P-N junction

40. Rapid Thermal Processing

41. Ion Implantation

42. Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD)

43. Photolithography

44. Etching

45. Metallization

46. Equilibrium Conditions

47. Equilibrium Fermi Levels

48. Space Charge at a Junction

49. Forward- and Reverse-Biased Junctions

50. Carrier Injection

51. Reverse Bias

52. Reverse-Bias Breakdown

53. Zener Breakdown

54. Avalanche Breakdown

55. Rectifiers

56. The Breakdown Diode

57. Transient and A-C Conditions

58. Reverse Recovery Transient

59. The Ideal Diode Model

60. Effects of Contact Potential on Carrier Injection

61. Switching Diodes

62. Capacitance of p-n junctions

63. Recombination and Generation in the Transition Region

64. Ohmic Losses

65. Graded Junctions

66. Metal semiconductor junctions: schottky barriers

67. Current Transport Processes

68. Thermionic-Emission Theory

69. Diffusion Theory

70. Thermionic-Emission-Diffusion Theory

71. Rectifying Contacts

72. Tunneling Current

73. Minority-Carrier Injection

74. MIS Tunnel Diode

75. Measurement of Barrier Height

76. Activation-Energy Measurement

77. Photoelectric Measurement

78. Ohmic Contacts

79. Typical Schottky Barriers

80. Heterojunctions

81. Tunnel Diodes

82. Construction of Tunnel Diodes

83. The Backward Diode

84. MIM tunnel diode

85. Structure of resonant-tunneling diode

86. I-V characteristics of resonant-tunneling diode

87. Photodiodes

88. The Varactor Diode

89. Current and Voltage in an Illuminated Junction

90. Solar Cell- Working Principle

91. Solar Cell- I-V Characterstics

92. Photodetectors

93. Gain, Bandwidth, and Signal-to-Noise Ratio of photodetector

94. Light Emitting Diodes

95. Light Emitting Materials

96. Fiber-Optic Communications

97. Semiconductor lasers

98. Population Inversion at a Junction

99. Emission Spectra for p-n Junction Lasers

All topics are not listed because of character limitations set by the Play Store.

## Electrical Measurements-I

This unique application is for all students across the world. It covers 124 topics of Electrical Measurements and Measuring Instruments in detail. These 124 topics are divided in 5 units.Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. Introduction to measuring instruments and Classification of Measuring Instruments

2. Deflecting System

3. Controlling System

4. Spring Control

5. Comparison of Controlling Systems

6. Damping System

7. Air Friction Damping

8. Fluid Friction Damping

9. D'Arsonval Galvanometer

10. Torque Equation

11. Intrinsic Constants of Galvanometer

12. Dynamic Behaviour of Galvanometer

13. Underdamped Motion

14. Undamped Motion

15. Critically Damped Motion

16. Overdamped Motion

17. logarithmic Decrement

18. Settling Time

19. Effect of External Resistance on Damping

20. Sensitivity of Galvanometer

21. Permanent Magnet Moving Coil Instruments (PMMC)

22. Taut Band instrument

23. Moving Iron Instruments

24. Errors in Moving Iron Instruments

25. Basic D.C. Ammeter

26. Multirange Ammeters

27. The Aryton Shunt or Universal Shunt

28. Basic D.C. Voltmeter

29. Multirange Voltmeters

30. Sensitivity of Voltmeters

31. Loading Effect, Precautions to be taken while using a Voltmeter, Requirements of a Multiplier and Ammeter and Voltmeter

32. Electrostatic Instruments

33. Types of Electrostatic Voltmeters

34. Idiostatic Connection

35. Kelvin Multicellular Voltmeter

36. Attracted Disc Electrostatic Voltmeter

37. Extension of Range of Electrostatic Instruments

38. Instrument Transformers

39. Current Transformers (C.T.)

40. Construction of Current Transformers

41. Potential Transformers (P.T.)

42. Ratios of Instrument Transformers

43. Theory of Current Transformers

44. Derivation of Actual Ratio

45. Derivation of Phase Angle ( ÃŽÂ¸ ) of Transformer

46. Errors in Current Transformer

47. Theory of Potential Transformers

48. Difference between Instrument and Power Transformers

49. Power Factor Meters

50. Moving Iron Power Factor Meter

51. Frequency Meters

52. Weston Frequency Meter

53. Phase Sequence Indicators

54. Synchroscopes

55. Synchroscopes

56. Electrodynamometer or Weston Type Synchroscope

57. Moving Iron Synchroscope

58. Introduction to Power Measurement

59. A. C. Power

60. Electrodynamometer Type Instruments

61. Torque Equation

62. Single Phase Dynamometer wattmeter

63. Shape of Scale of Dynamometer wattmeter

64. Error due to Pressure Coil Inductance

65. Low Power Factor Electrodynamics Type wattmeter

66. Power In Three Phase System

67. Single or One wattmeter Method

68. Three wattmeter Method

69. Blondel's Theorem

70. Power Factor Calculation by Two wattmeter Method

71. Modified Version of 2 wattmeter Method as One wattmeter Method

72. One wattmeter Method for Reactive Volt-amperes Measurement

73. Extension of Range of wattmeter using Instrument Transformers

74. Phasor Diagrams and Correction Factors

75. Three Phase wattmeter

76. Measurement of Energy

77. Construction of Energy meter

78. Theory of Single Phase Induction Type Energy meter

79. Errors and Compensations

80. Light Load Adjustment or Friction Adjustment

81. Three Phase Energymeter

82. Use of C.T and PT. in Energy Measurement

83. Introduction to Tariff

84. Merz Price Maximum Demand Indicator

85. Phantom Loading

86. Self-Balancing Potentiometer

87. Potentiometers

88. Princlple of Potentiorneter

89. Slide Wire D.C. Potentiometer

90. Standardisation of Potentiometer

91. Crompton's D.C. Potentiometer

92. Vernier Potentiometer

All topics are not listed because of character limitations set by the Play Store.

## Electric Motor Glossary

An Electric motor is a machine which converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. It involve rotating coils of wire which are driven by the magnetic force exerted by a magnetic field on an electric current.

This Glossary provides comprehensive list of 200+ terms related Electric motor and helps you to understand terminology.

- No Internet connectivity required

- Add term to your favorite list

- Email term to your friends and family

## Engineering Handbook Pro

Engineering Hand Book Pro allows you to carry engineering concepts where ever you go. Features available in engineering handbook pro are Engineering Basics, Properties of Common Sections and Plane Area, General Engineering tables, GD & T, Engineering Materials and Applications, Machining / Sheet Metal and Hydraulics & Pneumatics. View various engineering related formulas and calculate values. Engineering Handbook Pro app enables you to work with Engineering Handbook directly on your Android smart phone. Accurately calculate and use correct formulas while you are on location in the field, in meetings, or out of the office. In Engineering Basics feature user can view Mathematics, SI Units, Unit Conversion, Engineering Drawing Standard and Mechanics. In Properties of Common Sections and Plane Area feature user can calculate values like Area, Distance of centrodial axis, Moment of inertia, Sectional modulus, Radius of gyration of Triangle, Rectangle, Square, Rhombus, Hexagon, Octagon, Trapezium, Circle, Semi Circle, Segment, Sector, Ellipse, Rectangle, Hollow Square, Hollow Square, Hollow Rectangle and Hollow Circle. In General Engineering tables feature user can view Black Hexagon bolts and Screws, Precision and Semi- Precision Hexagon Bolts and screws, Hexagon Socket Head Cap Screws ,Slotted Countersunk and Slotted Raised Countersunk Head Screw, Slotted Cheese ahead Screws, Counter sunk Head Screw with Hexagon Socket, Studs , Hexagon Nuts / Lock nuts , Machine Washer, Punched Washer & Plain Washer , Spring Washer, Countersink holes (CSK) , Counter Bore Holes (CB), Spot Face Holes , Knurling , T Bolts & T Nuts, External Cir-clips (a) Type-A Series (b) Type C series, Internal Cir-clips (a)Type B series , Cylindrical and Taper pins, External thread Cylindrical pin & Internal thread Cylindrical pin AND Space Required for spanners(A/F). In GD & T feature user can view Basic of GD & T,Tolerance Chart and Surface Roughness. In Engineering Materials and Applications feature user can view General properties of materials, Chemical properties of materials, Indian Standard angles. In Machining / Sheet Metal feature user can view Machining time, Folding Edging and Cold bending and Clearance between die and punch. In Hydraulics & Pneumatics feature user can view Basics of Hydraulics, Basics of Pneumatics and Hydraulics / Pneumatic Cylinder Selection Calculations.

## kApp - AutoCAD Electrical 2013

This 101 introductory kApp is equivalent to one full day of classroom training and provides the AutoCAD using electrical professional with in-depth information regarding AutoCAD Electrical 2013 and its electrical engineering intelligence. The kApp includes instruction on the symbol libraries and tools such as bills of materials (BOM) reporting and PLC I/O design. The kApp covers the new features including electrical design features, circuit design & reuse, the ability to create smart panel layout drawings and automatic report generation. The kApp then goes over the menu driven system for inserting devices and shows you how to efficiently build standards-based electrical control designs. It also shows you how to quickly render drawings with features which enable the user to trim wire, copy, and delete components or circuits and scoot and align components.

About Knowledge Apps (kApps)

Knowledge Apps are the modern way to learn a skill, be provided with information, and stream video content in an easy to use format. Knowledge Apps utilize high definition video and instructor-led teaching methods to provide you with a world class learning experience. Each kApp contains advanced functionality that allows you to easily navigate and search for information contained within each kApp or all of your kApps as a whole. This gives you the ability to access the exact information you need, when you need it.

kApp Key Features:

-Instructor-Led Courses

-Streaming High-Definition Video

-Easy to Use Controls and Navigation

-Indexed Course Material

-Advanced Search Features

-Affordably Priced

-Available Anywhere with an Internet Connection

About Retrieve - Provider of kApps

Retrieve is the leading provider of high-impact low-cost training, informational, and communication apps. There are many reasons that set us apart from the competition. The main one being that we offer the same level of content as other providers, we just offer it for much less and with better features. You can compare features, content, and price but when it comes down to it, Retrieve has the combination that cannot be beat.

## Manufacturing Science - 1

This unique application is for all students across the world. It covers 145 topics of Manufacturing Science I in detail. These 145 topics are divided in 5 units.Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. STEPS IN PREPARING THE SHELL MOULD

2. PARAMETERS AFFECTING THE QUALITY OF CASTINGS PRODUCED BY CSIC PROCESS

3. Defects in Casting

4. Explosive Forming

5. Explosive Forming or HERF (High Energy Rate Forming)

6. Electro Magnetic Forming or Magnetic Pulse Forming

7. Electro hydraulic forming (EHF) or Electro Spark Forming

8. Types of patterns in Casting

9. Pattern Making Allowances

10. Properties of moulding sand

11. Types of Moulding Sand

12. Cupola furnace

13. Types of Core

14. Gating System

15. Investment Casting Process

16. Centrifugal Casting

17. Sand Casting

18. Die Casting and hot chamber die casting

19. Cold Chamber Die Casting

20. Elements of Moulding

21. Methods and Types of Moulding Processes

22. Design of Riser

23. Design of Runner

24. Solidification of Casting

25. Sodium Silicate Molding Process (CO2)

26. Inspections of Casting

27. Defects in Casting Processes

28. Design Recommendations for Casting

29. Basic Principle of Casting(Foundry)

30. Shell Molding

31. Vacuum Casting

32. Plaster mold casting

33. Ceramic mold casting

34. Permanent Mold Casting

35. Continuous casting

36. Powder Metallurgy

37. Applications of Powder Metallurgy

38. Design Considerations for PM Parts and Limitations

39. Advantages and Disadvantages of powder metallurgy

40. Powder metallurgy manufacturing process

41. Characteristic of Metal Powders

42. Defects and causes in plastic welding

43. Recognize the different plastics

44. Types and application of plastic

45. Characteristics of Plastics

46. Materials for Processing Plastics

47. Compression Molding (Plastic molding process)

48. Transfer molding(Plastic molding process)

49. Injectrion molding(Plastic molding process)

50. Extrusion Molding(Plastic molding process)

51. Thermoforming Process(Plastic Molding Process )

52. Blow Molding(Plastic Molding Process)

53. Ultrasonic Welding of Plastics

54. Design Recommendations for Ultrasonic Welding of Plastics

55. Vibration Welding of Plastics

56. Spin Welding of Plastics

57. Design Recommendations for Vibration and Spin Welding of Plastics

58. Induction Welding of Plastics

59. Design Recommendations for Induction Welding

60. MANUFACTURING AND MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS

61. MANUFACTURING SYSTEM

62. SOME FACTS ABOUT MANUFACTURING

63. MANUFACTURING TRENDS

64. MANUFACTURING ASPECTS, SELECTION

65. MANUFACTURING PROCESS SELECTION CRITERIA

66. TAXONOMY OF THE MANUFACTURING PROCESSES

67. METAL FORMING (NET SHAPE PROCESSES)

68. METAL FORMING (NET SHAPE PROCESSES)

69. RAPID MANUFACTURING (ADDITIVE PROCESSES)

70. INDUCTION WELDING OF PLASTICS

71. SPIN WELDING

72. ADVANCED METAL CASTING PROCESSES

73. PROCESS DESCRIPTION OF EVAPORATIVE PATTERN CASTING

74. POLYSTYRENE PATTERN DIE

75. COATING MATERIAL

76. VACUUM ASSISTED EVAPORATIVE PATTERN CASTING PROCESS (VAEPC)

77. MOLDING BOX

78. VAEPC: PROCESS DESCRIPTION

79. VACUUM SEALED MOLDING PROCESS

80. SEQUENCE OF PRODUCING V-PROCESS MOLDS

81. MOLDING SYSTEM

82. VACUUM SYSTEM

83. INVESTMENT CASTING PROCESS

84. CERAMIC SHELL INVESTMENT CASTING PROCESS (CSIC)

85. CERAMIC SHELL INVESTMENT CASTING PROCESS ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES

86. WAX PREPARATION, BLENDING AND PROCESS PARAMETERS IN CSIC

87. PROCESS PARAMETERS AFFECTING THE QUALITY OF WAX PATTERN

88. PATTERN DIE

89. WAX INJECTION MACHINE

90. SHELL MOULDING

91. SHELL MOULDING ADVANTAGES

All topics are not listed because of character limitations set by the Play Store.

## Mechatronics

This unique application is for all students across the world. It covers 177 topics of Mechatronics in detail. These 177 topics are divided in 3 units.Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. MECHATRONICS

2. KEY ELEMENTS OF MECHATRONIC

3. HISTORY OF MECHATRONICS

4. DEVELOPMENT OF PNEUMATIC CONTROL SYSTEM

5. THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE AUTOMOBILE AS A MECHATRONIC SYSTEM

6. AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE SYSTEM DESIGN WITH SENSORS AND ACTUATORS

7. MECHATRONIC DESIGN APPROACH

8. HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF MECHANICAL, ELECTRICAL, AND ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS

9. MECHATRONICS DEVELOPMENT

10. DIVISION OF MECHATRONICS

11. IMPROVEMENT OF OPERATING PROPERTIES

12. WAYS OF INTEGRATION

13. INFORMATION PROCESSING SYSTEMS (BASIC ARCHITECTURE AND HW/SW TRADE-OFFS)

14. SPECIAL SIGNAL PROCESSING

15. SUPERVISION AND FAULT DETECTION

16. INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS (BASIC TASKS)

17. CONCURRENT DESIGN PROCEDURE FOR MECHATRONIC SYSTEMS

18. MODELING PROCEDURE FOR MECHATRONIC SYSTEMS

19. REAL-TIME SIMULATION

20. CLASSIFICATION OF SIMULATION

21. HARDWARE-IN-THE-LOOP SIMULATION

22. CONTROL PROTOTYPING

23. THE MECHATRONIC SYSTEM

24. MICROPROCESSOR CONTROL SYSTEM

25. INPUT SIGNALS OF A MECHATRONIC SYSTEM

26. ANALOG-TO-DIGITAL CONVERTERS

27. OUTPUT SIGNALS OF A MECHATRONIC SYSTEM

28. SIGNAL CONDITIONING

29. MICROPROCESSOR CONTROL

30. MICROPROCESSOR NUMERICAL CONTROL

31. MICROPROCESSOR INPUT - OUTPUT CONTROL

32. MICROCONTROLLER NETWORK SYSTEMS

33. SOFTWARE ENGINEERING IN MECHATRONICS

34. TESTING AND INSTRUMENTATION

35. INTRODUCTION TO MICROELECTRONICS

36. OVERVIEW OF CONTROL COMPUTERS

37. MICROPROCESSORS AND MICROCONTROLLERS

38. DIGITAL COMMUNICATIONS

39. DYNAMIC MODELS AND ANALOGIES

40. MODEL TYPES IN DYNAMIC MODELS

41. SYSTEM RESPONSE

42. LUMPED MODEL OF A DISTRIBUTED SYSTEM

43. NATURAL FREQUENCY EQUIVALENCE

44. DYNAMIC ANALOGIES

45. MECHANICAL ELEMENTS

46. SPRING (STIFFNESS) ELEMENT

47. ELECTRICAL ELEMENTS

48. THERMAL ELEMENTS

49. FLUID ELEMENTS

50. NATURAL OSCILLATIONS

51. STATE-SPACE REPRESENTATION

52. STATE MODELS

53. TIME-INVARIANT SYSTEMS

54. FORCE AND VELOCITY SOURCES

55. TWO-PORT ELEMENTS

56. GYRATOR

57. SERIES AND PARALLEL CONNECTIONS

58. STEPS IN OBTAINING A STATE MODEL

59. OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIER

60. DC MOTORS

61. FLUID SYSTEMS

62. MECHANICAL COMPONENTS

63. TRANSMISSION COMPONENTS

64. LEAD SCREW AND NUT

65. LEAD SCREW AND NUT BASIC EQUATION

66. HARMONIC DRIVES

67. CONTINUOUSLY-VARIABLE TRANSMISSION

68. TWO-SLIDER CVT

69. THREE-SLIDER CVT

70. ROBOTIC MANIPULATORS

71. ROBOT CLASSIFICATION

72. ROBOT KINEMATICS

73. DENAVIT-HARTENBERG NOTATION

74. INVERSE KINEMATICS

75. NEWTON-EULER FORMULATION

76. SPACE-STATION ROBOTICS

77. ROBOT CONTROL ARCHITECTURE

78. HARDWARE ARCHITECTURE OF ROBOT

79. FRICTION AND BACKLASH

80. ROBOTIC SENSORS

81. ANALYTICAL MODEL ROBOTIC SENSORS

82. COMPONENT INTERCONNECTION AND SIGNAL CONDITIONING

83. COMPONENT INTERCONNECTION

84. CASCADE CONNECTION OF DEVICES

85. IMPEDANCE MATCHING

86. AMPLIFIERS

87. USE OF FEEDBACK IN OP-AMPS

88. VOLTAGE, CURRENT, AND POWER AMPLIFIERS

89. INSTRUMENTATION AMPLIFIERS

90. DIFFERENTIAL AMPLIFIER MATHEMATICALLY

91. COMMON MODE

92. ANALOG FILTERS

93. AMPLIFIER PERFORMANCE RATINGS

94. AC-COUPLED AMPLIFIERS

95. GROUND LOOP NOISE

96. ANALOG FILTERS FREQUENCY CHARACTESTICS

97. SPECIAL TYPE OF BAND-PASS FILTER

98. PASSIVE FILTERS AND ACTIVE FILTERS

99. NUMBER OF POLES

All topics are not listed because of character limitations set by the Play Store.

# More from developer

## Basic Electrical Engineering

This unique Free application is for all students across the world. It covers 108 topics of Basic Electrical in detail. These 108 topics are divided in 5 units.Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Few topics Covered in this application are:

1. Introduction of electrical engineering

2. Voltage and current

3. Electric Potential and Voltage

4. Conductors and Insulators

5. Conventional versus electron flow

6. Ohm's Law

7. Kirchoff's Voltage Law (KVL)

8. Kirchoff's Current Law (KCL)

9. Polarity of voltage drops

10. Branch current method

11. Mesh current method

12. Introduction to network theorems

13. Thevenin's Theorem

14. Norton's Theorem

15. Maximum Power Transfer Theorem

16. star-delta transformation

17. Source Transformation

18. voltage and current sources

19. loop and nodal methods of analysis

20. Unilateral and Bilateral elements

21. Active and passive elements

22. alternating current (AC)

23. AC Waveforms

24. The Average and Effective Value of an AC Waveform

25. RMS Value of an AC Waveform

26. Generation of Sinusoidal (AC) Voltage Waveform

27. Concept of Phasor

28. Phase Difference

29. The Cosine Waveform

30. Representation of Sinusoidal Signal by a Phasor

31. Phasor representation of Voltage and Current

32. AC inductor circuits

33. Series resistor-inductor circuits: Impedance

34. Inductor quirks

35. Review of Resistance, Reactance, and Impedance

36. Series R, L, and C

37. Parallel R, L, and C

38. Series-parallel R, L, and C

39. Susceptance and Admittance

40. Simple parallel (tank circuit) resonance

41. Simple series resonance

42. Power in AC Circuits

43. Power Factor

44. Power Factor Correction

45. Quality Factor and Bandwidth of a Resonant Circuit

46. Generation of Three-phase Balanced Voltages

47. Three-Phase, Four-Wire System

48. Wye and delta configurations

49. Distinction between line and phase voltages, and line and phase currents

50. Power in balanced three-phase circuits

51. Phase rotation

52. Three-phase Y and Delta configurations

53. Measurement of Power in Three phase circuit

54. Introduction of measuring instruments

55. Various forces/torques required in measuring instruments

56. General Theory Permanent Magnet Moving Coil (PMMC) Instruments

57. Working Principles of PMMC

58. A multi-range ammeters

59. Multi-range voltmeter

60. Basic principle operation of Moving-iron Instruments

61. Construction of Moving-iron Instruments

62. Shunts and Multipliers for MI instruments

63. Dynamometer type Wattmeter

64. Introduction to Power System

65. POWER TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION

66. Magnetic Circuit

67. B-H Characteristics

68. Analysis of Series magnetic circuit

69. Analysis of series-parallel magnetic circuit

70. Different laws for calculating magnetic field-Biot-Savart law

71. Amperes circuital law

72. Reluctance & permeance

73. Introduction of Eddy Current & Hysteresis Losses

74. Eddy current

75. Derivation of an expression for eddy current loss in a thin plate

76. Hysteresis Loss

77. Hysteresis loss & loop area

78. Steinmetzs empirical formula for hysteresis loss

79. Inductor

80. Force between two opposite faces of the core across an air gap

81. ideal transformer

82. Practical transformer

83. equivalent circuit

84. Efficiency of transformer

85. Auto-Transformer

86. Introduction of D.C Machines

87. D.C machine Armature Winding

88. EMF Equation

89. Torque equation

90. Generator types & Characteristics

91. Characteristics of a separately excited generator

92. Characteristics of a shunt generator

93. Load characteristic of shunt generator

94. Single-phase Induction Motor

All topics are not listed because of character limitations set by the Play Store.

## Basic Electronics Engineering

This unique free application is for all students across the world. It covers 97 topics of Basic Electronics in detail. These 97 topics are divided in 5 units.Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. Introduction to Electronic Engineering

2. Basic quantities

3. Passive and active devices

4. Semiconductor Devices

5. Current in Semiconductors

6. P-N Junction

7. Diodes

8. Power Diode

9. Switching

10. Special-Purpose Diodes

11. Tunnel diode and Optoelectronics

12. Diode Approximation

13. Applications of diode: Half wave Rectifier and Full Wave Rectifier

14. Bridge Rectifier

15. Clippers

16. Clamper Circuits

17. Positive Clamper

18. Voltage Doubler

19. Zener Diode

20. Zener Regulator

21. Design of Zener regulator circuit

22. Special-Purpose Diodes-1

23. Transistors

24. Bipolar Junction Transistors (BJT)

25. Beta and alpha gains

26. The Common Base Configuration

27. Relation between different currents in a transistor

28. Common-Emitter Amplifier

29. Common Base Amplifier

30. Biasing Techniques for CE Amplifiers

31. Biasing Techniques: Emitter Feedback Bias

32. Biasing Techniques: Collector Feedback Bias

33. Biasing Techniques: Voltage Divider Bias

34. Biasing Techniques: Emitter Bias

35. Small Signal CE Amplifiers

36. Analysis of CE amplifier

37. Common Collector Amplifier

38. Darlington Amplifier

39. Analysis of a transistor amplifier using h-parameters

40. Power Amplifiers

41. Power Amplifiers: Class A Amplifiers

42. Power Amplifiers: Class B amplifier

43. Power Amplifiers: Cross over distortion(Class B amplifier)

44. Power Amplifiers: Biasing a class B amplifier

45. Power Calculations for Class B Push-Pull Amplifier

46. Power Amplifiers: Class C amplifier

47. Field Effect Transistor (FET)

48. JFET Amplifiers

49. Transductance Curves

50. Biasing the FET

51. Biasing the FET: Self Bias

52. Voltage Divider Bias

53. Current Source Bias

54. FET a amplifier

55. Design of JFET amplifier

56. JFET Applications

57. MOSFET Amplifiers

58. Common-Drain Amplifier

59. MOSFET Applications

60. Operational Amplifiers

61. Depletion-mode MOSFET

62. Enhancement-mode MOSFET

63. The ideal operational amplifier

64. Practical OP AMPS

65. Inverting Amplifier

66. The Non-inverting Amplifier

67. Voltage Follower (Unity Gain Buffer)

68. The Summing Amplifier

69. Differential Amplifier

70. The Op-amp Integrator Amplifier

71. The Op-amp Differentiator Amplifier

72. History of The Numeral Systems

73. Binary codes

74. conversion of bases

75. Conversion of decimal to binary ( base 10 to base 2)

76. Octal Number System

77. Hexadecimal Number System

78. Rules of Binary Addition and Subtraction

79. Sign-and-magnitude method

80. Sign-and-magnitude method:2s complement Representation

81. Boolean algebra

82. Basic Theorems & Properties of Boolean algebra

83. Logic gate

84. Symbols of logic Gates

85. Universal Gates

86. No associativity of NAND and NOR Gates: universal gates

87. Introduction of minimization using K-map

88. Two variable maps

89. Don't Cares condition

90. 5 variable Karnaugh Maps

91. Binary coded decimal codes(bcd)

92. Principle and types digital instruments

93. digital voltmeter

94. Cathode ray oscilloscope(CRO)

95. Cathode ray tube: CRO

96. Channel: CRO

97. Measurements with the cathode ray oscilloscope C

All topics not listed due to character limitations set by Google Play.

## Automobile Engineering

This unique free application is for all students of Automobile Engineering across the world. It covers 188 topics of Automobile Engineering in detail. These 188 topics are divided in 5 units. Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from any where they like.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. THE AIR-CONDITIONING SYSTEM

2. The expansion valve system

3. THE FIXED ORIFICE VALVE SYSTEM (CYCLING CLUTCH ORIFICE TUBE)

4. THE COMPRESSOR

5. THE CONDENSER

6. THE CONDENSER

7. THE RECEIVER-DRIER/ACCUMULATOR

8. THE EXPANSION VALVE/FIXED ORIFICE VALVE

9. THE EVAPORATOR

10. ANTI-FROSTING DEVICES

11. BASIC CONTROL SWITCHES

12. THE BASIC THEORY OF COOLING

13. VAPOUR COMPRESSION REFRIGERATION

14. ALTERNATIVES CYCLES

15. INITIAL VEHICLE INSPECTION

16. TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENTS

17. PRESSURE GAUGE READINGS

18. CYCLE TIME TESTING

19. A/C SYSTEM LEAK TESTING

20. SIGHT GLASS

21. GLOBAL WARMING

22. THE OZONE LAYER

23. INTRODUCTION TO TRANSFER OF HEAT AND MASS TO THE BASE METAL IN GAS-METAL ARC WELDING

24. INTRODUCTION OF AUTOMOBILE ENGINEERING

25. HISTORY OF THE AUTOMOBILE ENGINEERING

26. TYPES OF AUTOMOBILES

27. LAYOUT OF AN AUTOMOBILE CHASSIS

28. MAJOR COMPONENTS OF AN AUTOMOBILE

29. FUNCTIONS OF THE AUTOMOBILE COMPONENTS

30. CLASSIFICATION OF AUTOMOBILE ENGINES

31. USE OF THE ENGINES

32. MERITS AND DEMERITS OF VERTICAL AND HORIZONTAL ENGINES

33. REASONS FOR USING SINGLE CYLINDER TWO STROKE AIR-COOLED PETROL ENGINE ON TWO WHEELERS

34. REASONS FOR USING MULTI-CYLINDER DIESEL ENGINE FOR COMMERCIAL VEHICLES

35. DIFFERENCE BETWEEN TWO-STROKE AND FOUR-STROKE CYCLE ENGINES

36. ADVANTAGES OF A MULTI-CYLINDER ENGINE FOR THE SAME POWER

37. ENGINE CONSTRUCTION

38. CYLINDER BLOCKS

39. CYLINDER LINER

40. CRANK CASE

41. CYLINDER HEAD

42. GASKETS

43. PISTON

44. PISTON RINGS

45. PISTON PIN

46. CONNECTING ROD

47. CRANKSHAFT

48. VALVES

49. PORT-TIMING DIAGRAM

50. FLYWHEEL

51. MANIFOLDS

52. ROLLING RESISTANCE

53. AIR RESISTANCE.

54. GRADIENT RESISTANCE

55. TRACTIVE EFFORT

56. GEAR BOX

57. TYPES OF THE GEAR BOX

58. MERITS AND DEMERITS OF GEAR BOX

59. GEAR SHIFTING MECHANISM

60. Transmission in Automobile

61. COMPONENTS FOR TRANSMISSION IN AUTOMOBILES

62. FUNCTION OF CLUTCH

63. MAIN PARTS OF CLUTCH

64. TYPES OF THE CLUTCH

65. UNIVERSAL JOINT

66. CLUTCH ACTUATING MECHANISM

67. FUNCTION OF STEERING SYSTEM

68. FRONT AXLE

69. CASTER ANGLE

70. CASTER ANGLE

71. CAMBER

72. TOE-IN

73. TOE-OUT

74. ACKERMAN MECHANISM

75. FUNCTIONS OF A BRAKE

76. CLASSIFICATION OF BRAKES

77. DISC BRAKES

78. FLOATING CALIPER BRAKE

79. POWER BRAKES

80. AIR BRAKE SYSTEM

81. HYDRAULIC BRAKES

82. TYPES OF THE STARTING MOTORS

83. GENERATOR

84. ALTERNATOR

85. LIGHTING SYSTEM

86. IGNITION SYSTEM

87. IGNITION TIMING

88. IGNITION ADVANCE

89. SPARK PLUGS

90. ELECTRONIC IGNITION SYSTEM

91. AUTOMOBILE BATTERY

92. LOW MAINTENANCE AND MAINTENANCE-FREE BATTERIES

93. HORNS

94. CLUTCH OPERATION

95. Types of clutch

96. Gearbox operation

97. Gear change mechanisms

98. Gears and components

99. AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION: INTRODUCTION AND TORQUE CONVERTER

100. AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION COMPONENTS

101. CONSTANTLY VARIABLE TRANSMISSION

102. DIRECT SHIFT GEARBOX

103. TRANSMISSION DRIVELINE- PROPSHAFTS AND DRIVESHAFTS

104. WHEEL BEARINGS

105. FOUR-WHEEL DRIVE

106. TIRE DESIGN

107. TIRE PLY AND BELT DESIGN

108. Tire Tread Design

109. TIRE RATINGS AND SIDEWALL INFORMATION

110. SPECIALTY TIRES

111. REPLACEMENT TIRES

112. Tire Valves

113. COMPACT SPARE TIRES

114. Run-Flat Tires

115. Tire Pressure Monitoring Systems

116. TIRE CONTACT AREA

117. Wheel Rims

118. Static Wheel Balance Theory

119. Dynamic Wheel Balance Theory

120. On-Car Wheel Balancing

## Advanced Welding Technology

This unique Free application is for all students across the world. It covers 217 topics of Advanced Welding Technology in detail. These 217 topics are divided in 5 units.Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. INTRODUCTION OF WELDING

2. CONVENTIONAL WELDING PROCESSES

3. WELDING WITH PRESSURE

4. FUSION WELDING

5. INTRODUCTION TO ADVANCED PROCESS DEVELOPMENT TRENDS

6. SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS

7. AREAS FOR DEVELOPMENT OF WELDING PROCESSES

8. INTRODUCTION TO ENERGY SOURCES USED FOR FUSION WELDING

9. ENERGY-SOURCE INTENSITY

10. INTRODUCTION TO HEAT FLOW IN FUSION WELDING

11. MATHEMATICAL FORMULATIONS IN HEAT FLOW IN FUSION WELDING

12. PARAMETRIC EFFECTS OF HEAT FLOW IN FUSION WELDING

13. THERMO PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF SELECTED ENGINEERING MATERIALS

14. INTRODUCTION TO FLUID FLOW PHENOMENON DURING WELDING

15. GAS TUNGSTEN ARC WELDING

16. DEEP-PENETRATION ELECTRON BEAM AND LASER WELDS

17. GAS METAL ARC WELDING

18. Submerged Arc Welding

19. INTRODUCTION TO TRANSFER OF HEAT AND MASS TO THE BASE METAL IN GAS-METAL ARC WELDING

20. HEAT TRANSFER IN GAS-METAL ARC WELDING

21. PROCEDURE DEVELOPMENT TRANSFER OF HEAT AND MASS TO THE BASE METAL IN GAS-METAL ARC WELDING

22. INTRODUCTION TO ARC PHYSICS OF GAS-TUNGSTEN ARC WELDING

23. ELECTRODE REGIONS AND ARC COLUMN IN GTAW

24. ARC WELDING POWER SOURCES

25. POWER SOURCE SELECTION

26. PULSED POWER SUPPLIES

27. Resistance Welding Power Sources

28. ELECTRON-BEAM WELDING POWER SOURCES

29. INTRODUCTION TO WELD SOLIDIFICATION

30. COMPARISON OF CASTING AND WELDING SOLIDIFICATION

31. SOLIDIFICATION OF ALLOY WELDS (CONSTITUTIONALSUPERCOOLING)

32. DEVELOPMENT OF WELD MICROSTRUCTURES

33. EFFECT OF WELDING RATE ON WELD POOL SHAPE AND MICROSTRUCTURE

34. BRAZING

35. SOLDERING

36. PHYSICAL PRINCIPLES OF BRAZING

37. ELEMENTS OF THE BRAZING PROCESS

38. HEATING METHODS FOR BRAZING

39. INTRODUCTION TO FUNDAMENTALS OF SOLDERING

40. FUNDAMENTALS OF SOLDERING

41. GUIDELINES FOR FLUX SELECTION

42. TYPES OF FLUXES

43. JOINT DESIGN

44. PRECLEANING AND SURFACE PREPARATION

45. SOLDER APPLICATION

46. SOLDERING PROCESS PARAMETERS

47. SOLDERING EQUIPMENT

48. CHARACTERISTICS OF THE COMPONENTS OF A SHIELDING GAS BLEND

49. SHIELDING GAS SELECTION

50. BASIC POWER SOURCE REQUIREMENTS

51. CONVENTIONAL POWER SOURCE DESIGNS

52. DIFFUSION BONDING PROCESS

53. ELECTRONIC POWER REGULATION SYSTEMS

54. OUTPUT LEVEL, SEQUENCE AND FUNCTION CONTROL

55. MMAW CONSUMABLES

56. SUBMERGED ARC WELDING CONSUMABLES

57. FILLER WIRES FOR GMAW AND FCAW

58. INTRODUCTION TO FUNDAMENTALS OF FRICTION WELDING

59. DIRECT DRIVE WELDING

60. INERTIA-DRIVE WELDING

61. JOINING OF SIMILAR METALS

62. JOINING OF DISSIMILAR METALS

63. INTRODUCTION TO FUNDAMENTALS OF DIFFUSION BONDING

64. BONDING SURFACES CONTAINING OXIDES

65. MECHANISM OF DIFFUSION BONDING

66. BONDING PRACTICE

67. FLYER PLATE ACCELERATION

68. IMPACT ENERGY IN EXPLOSION WELDING

69. DYNAMIC BEND ANGLE AND MATERIAL PROPERTIES IN EXPLOSION WELDING

70. JET FORMATION IN EXPLOSION WELDING

71. SELECTION OF BONDING PARAMETERS

72. BOND MORPHOLOGY AND PROPERTIES

73. MICROSTRUCTURE OF INTERLAYER WELDS

74. TENSILE LOADING OF SOFT-INTERLAYER WELDS

75. THE SMAW PROCESS

76. APPLICATIONS OF SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING

77. ELECTRODES IN SMAW

78. WELD SCHEDULES AND PROCEDURES

79. VARIATIONS OF THE SMAW PROCESS

80. SPECIAL APPLICATIONS OF THE SMAW PROCESS

81. SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS IN SMAW

82. INTRODUCTION TO GAS-METAL ARC WELDING

83. PROCESS FUNDAMENTALS IN GMAW

All topics are not listed because of character limitations set by the Play Store.

## Electrical Instrumentation

This unique free application is for all students across the world. It covers 280 topics of Electrical Instrumentation and Process Control in detail. These 280 topics are divided in 5 units.Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. Introduction to AC Electricity

2. Circuits with R, L, and C

3. RC Filters

4. AC Bridges

5. Magnetic fields

6. Analog meter

7. Electromechanical devices

8. Introduction to Basic Electrical Components

9. Resistance

10. Capacitance

11. Inductance

12. Introduction to Electronics

13. Discrete amplifiers

14. Operational amplifiers

15. Current amplifiers

16. Differential amplifiers

17. Buffer amplifiers

18. Nonlinear amplifiers

19. Instrument amplifier

20. Amplifier applications

21. Digital Circuits

22. Digital signals & Binary numbers

23. Logic circuits

24. Analog-to-digital conversion

25. Circuit Considerations

26. Introduction to Process control

27. Process Control

28. Definitions of the Elements in a Control Loop

29. Process Facility Considerations

30. Units and Standards

31. Instrument Parameters

32. Introduction to Level

33. Level Formulas

34. Direct level sensing

35. Indirect level sensing

36. Application Considerations

37. Introduction to Pressure

38. Basic Terms

39. Pressure Measurement

40. Pressure Formulas

41. Manometers

42. Diaphragms, capsules, and bellows

43. Bourdon tubes

44. Other pressure sensors

45. Vacuum instruments

46. Application Considerations

47. Introduction to Actuators and Control

48. Pressure Controllers

49. Flow Control Actuators

50. Power Control

51. Magnetic control devices

52. Motors

53. Application Considerations

54. Introduction to flow

55. Flow Formulas of Continuity equation

56. Bernoulli equation

57. Flow losses

58. Flow Measurement Instruments of Flow rate

59. Total flow and Mass flow

60. Dry particulate flow rate and Open channel flow

61. Application Considerations

62. Humidity

63. Humidity measuring devices

64. Density and Specific Gravity

65. Density measuring devices

66. Viscosity

67. Viscosity measuring instruments

68. pH Measurements, pH measuring devices and pH application considerations

69. Position and Motion Sensing

70. Position and motion measuring devices

71. Force, Torque, and Load Cells

72. Force and torque measuring devices

73. Smoke and Chemical Sensors

74. Sound and Light

75. Sound and light measuring devices

76. Sound and light application considerations

77. Introduction to Signal Conditioning

78. Conditioning

79. Linearization

80. Temperature correction

81. Pneumatic Signal Conditioning

82. Visual Display Conditioning

83. Electrical Signal Conditioning

84. Strain gauge sensors

85. Capacitive sensors

86. Capacitive sensors

87. Magnetic sensors

88. Thermocouple sensors

89. Introduction to Temperature and Heat

90. Temperature definition

91. Heat definitions

92. Thermal expansion definitions

93. Temperature and Heat Formulas

94. Thermal expansion

95. Temperature Measuring Devices

96. Thermometers

97. Pressure-spring thermometers

98. Resistance temperature devices

99. Thermistors

100. Thermocouples

101. Semiconductors

102. Application Considerations

103. Installation, Calibration & Protection

104. System Documentation

105. Pipe and Identification Diagrams

106. Functional Symbols

107. P and ID Drawings

108. Introduction to Instrument types and performance characteristics

109. Active and passive instruments

110. Null-type and deflection-type instruments

111. Analogue and digital instruments

112. Indicating instruments and instruments with a signal output

All topics are not listed because of character limitations set by the Play Store.

## Analog Electronic Circuits

This Free unique application is for all students across the world. It covers 147 topics of Analog Electronic Circuits in detail. These 147 topics are divided in 6 units.Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. Oscillators

2. Sinusoidal Oscillators

3. Oscillation through Positive feedback and Backhausen criterion

4. Sinusoidal Oscillators operating frequency

5. Harmonic Oscillator

6. The RC Phase Shift Oscillator

7. Transistor Phase Shift Oscillator

8. Wien Bridge Oscillator:

9. Wien Bridge Oscillator-Operation

10. Tuned Oscillator

11. The Colpitts Oscillator

12. Crystal Oscillator

13. Analog Inverter and Scale Changer

14. Inverting summer

15. Non-Inverting summer

16. Differential Amplifier:

17. OPAMP-Integrator

18. Voltage to current converter

19. OPAMP-Differentiator

20. Grounded Load

21. Current to voltage converter:

22. First Order Low Pass Filter:

23. Low pass filter with adjustable corner frequency

24. Second Order Low-Pass Butterworth filter

25. First Order High Pass Butterworth filter

26. Precision Diodes

27. Active Clippers

28. Active Half Wave Rectifier

29. Axis Shifting of the Half Wave Rectifier

30. OPAMP-Comparators

31. Schmitt Trigger

32. Non-inverting Schmitt trigger

33. Relaxation Oscillator

34. Triangular Wave Generator

35. Bridge Amplifier

36. AC Voltage Follower

37. DC Voltage Follower

38. Logarithmic amplifiers

39. Logarithmic amplifiers

40. Antilog Amplifier

41. Differential Amplifiers

42. Differential Amplifiers-D.C. Analysis.

43. Dual Input, Balanced Output Difference Amplifier.

44. A.C. Analysis-Differential Amplifier

45. Differential Input and output Resistance

46. Inverting & Non - inverting Inputs

47. Common mode Gain

48. Dual Input, Unbalanced Output Differential Amplifier

49. Differential amplifier with swamping resistors

50. Biasing of Differential Amplifiers-Constant Current Bias

51. Current Mirror Circuit

52. Operational amplifier

53. Level Translator

54. Parameters of OPAMP

55. Parameters of OPAMP-Gain Bandwidth Product, Slew Rate and Input Offset Voltage and Current Drift: :

56. Ideal OPAMP and Equivalent Circuit of OPAMP

57. Ideal Voltage Transfer Curve

58. Emitter Coupled Differential Amplifier

59. Open loop-Differential Amplifier

60. Inverting Amplifier

61. Non-inverting amplifier

62. Closed Loop Amplifier

63. Voltage series feedback

64. Input Resistance with Voltage series Feedback

65. Output Resistance with Voltage series Feedback

66. Output Offset Voltage

67. Voltage Follower

68. Voltage shunt Feedback

69. Input Resistance with Voltage Shunt Feedback

70. Output Resistance with Voltage Shunt Feedback

71. Bandwidth with Feedback

72. Non-linear Distortion Reduction

73. Introduction-Power Amplifiers

74. Amplifier Efficiency

75. Types of Coupling

76. Ranges of Frequency.

77. Two Load Lines

78. SERIES-FED CLASS A AMPLIFIER

79. Series-fed class A amplifier-AC operation

80. Series-fed class A amplifier-OUTPUT POWER

81. Series-fed class A amplifier-Efficiency and Maximum Efficiency

82. Emitter-Follower Power Amplifier

83. Transformer-coupled class A amplifier

84. Signal swing and output ac power-Transformer Coupled Power Amplifier

85. Efficiency and Maximum theoretical efficiency-Transformer Coupled Power Amplifier

86. Class B amplifier-Input (DC) Power and Output (AC) Power

87. Class B amplifier operation

88. Class B amplifier-Efficiency

89. Maximum Power Considerations

90. Class B amplifier circuits

91. Transformer-Coupled Push-Pull Circuits

All topics are not listed because of character limitations set by the Play Store.

## Refrigeration & ACs

This unique free application is for all students across the world. It covers 143 topics of Refrigeration and AirConditioning in detail. These 143 topics are divided in 4 units.Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. INTRODUCTION TO AIR-CONDITIONING SYSTEM

2. TYPES OF AIR-CONDITIONING SYSTEMS

3. CENTRAL SYSTEMS CLASSIFICATION

4. AIR-CONDITIONING PROJECT DEVELOPMENT AND SYSTEM DESIGN

5. DESIGN DOCUMENTS

6. PSYCHROMETRICS

7. PSYCHROMETRICS (MOIST AIR)

8. PSYCHROMETRICS (HUMIDITY AND ENTHALPY)

9. PSYCHROMETRICS (SPECIFIC HEAT)

10. PSYCHROMETRIC CHART

11. DETERMINING THE DEW-POINT TEMPERATURE OF A MOIST AIR SAMPLE

12. PSYCHROMETRICS CHARTS

13. PSYCHROMETRICS CHARTS (NUMERICAL PROBLEM)

14. AIR-CONDITIONING PROCESSES AND CYCLES

15. SPACE CONDITIONING, SENSIBLE COOLING, AND SENSIBLE HEATING PROCESSES

16. COOLING AND DEHUMIDIFYING PROCESS

17. HUMIDIFYING AND COOLING AND DEHUMIDIFYING PROCESSES

18. PSYCHROMETRICS (THERMODYNAMIC WET BULB TEMPERATURE AND WET BULB TEMPERATURE)

19. AIR-CONDITIONING CYCLE AND OPERATING MODES

20. BASIC AIR-CONDITIONING CYCLE - SUMMER MODE

21. DESIGN SUPPLY VOLUME FLOW RATE

22. BASIC AIR-CONDITIONING CYCLE - WINTER MODE

23. REFRIGERANTS AND REFRIGERATION CYCLES

24. REFRIGERANTS, COOLING MEDIUMS, AND ABSORBENTS

25. CLASSIFICATION OF REFRIGERANTS

26. CLASSIFICATION OF INORGANIC REFRIGERANTS COMPOUNDS

27. PROPERTIES OF REFRIGERANTS

28. IDEAL SINGLE-STAGE VAPOR COMPRESSION CYCLE REFRIGERATION PROCESS

29. REFRIGERATION PROCESSES IN AN IDEAL SINGLE-STAGE CYCLE

30. COEFFICIENT OF PERFORMANCE OF REFRIGERATION CYCLE

31. CASCADE SYSTEM CHARACTERISTICS

32. OUTDOOR DESIGN CONDITIONS AND INDOOR DESIGN CRITERIA

33. INDOOR DESIGN CRITERIA AND THERMAL COMFORT

34. INDOOR TEMPERATURE, RELATIVE HUMIDITY, AND AIR VELOCITY

35. INDOOR AIR QUALITY AND OUTDOOR VENTILATION AIR REQUIREMENTS

36. CONVECTIVE HEAT AND RADIATIVE HEAT

37. AIR HANDLING UNITS AND PACKAGED UNITS

38. PACKAGED UNITS

39. COILS USED IN REFRIGERATION

40. AIR FILTERS

41. REFRIGERATION COMPONENTS AND EVAPORATIVE COOLERS

42. RECIPROCATING/ SCROLL COMPRESSORS

43. ROTARY/ SCREW COMPRESSORS

44. CENTRIFUGAL COMPRESSORS

45. AIR-COOLED CONDENSERS

46. EVAPORATORS AND REFRIGERANT FLOW CONTROL DEVICES

47. REFRIGERATION AND AIR CONDITIONING INTRODUCTION

48. REFRIGERATION HISTORY

49. EVAPORATIVE COOLING

50. ARTIFICIAL REFRIGERATION

51. DOMESTIC REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS

52. AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEMS

53. VAPOUR ABSORPTION REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS

54. GAS CYCLE REFRIGERATION

55. STEAM JET REFRIGERATION SYSTEM

56. THERMOELECTRIC REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS

57. DEVELOPMENT OF REFRIGERANTS AND COMPRESSORS

58. RECIPROCATING/ SCROLL COMPRESSORS

59. ROTARY/ SCREW COMPRESSORS

60. CENTRIFUGAL COMPRESSORS

61. SPECIAL APPLICATIONS OF REFRIGERATION

62. APPLICATION OF REFRIGERATION IN FOOD PROCESSING/ CHEMICAL

63. APPLICATIONS OF REFRIGERATION & AIR CONDITIONING

64. FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES - THERMODYNAMICS

65. HEAT AND WORK

66. THERMODYNAMIC FUNCTIONS

67. FUNDAMENTAL LAWS OF THERMODYNAMICS

68. FIRST LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS

69. SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS

70. HEAT ENGINES

71. EFFICIENCY OF HEAT ENGINES

72. ENTROPY

73. THIRD LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS

74. THERMODYNAMIC RELATIONS

75. THERMODYNAMIC EQUATIONS

76. PROPERTIES OF PURE SUBSTANCE

77. T-S AND P-H DIAGRAMS FOR LIQUID-VAPOUR REGIME

78. PROPERTIES AT SATURATION/ ISOCHORIC PROCESS

79. ISOBARIC PROCESS/ ISOTHERMAL PROCESS

80. ADIABATIC PROCESS/ POLYTROPIC PROCESS

81. THROTTLING (ISENTHALPIC) PROCESS

82. FLUID FLOW IN REFRIGERATION

83. CONSERVATION OF MOMENTUM

All topics are not listed because of character limitations set by the Play Store.

## Electrical System Design

This unique free application is for all students across the world. It covers 113 topics of Electrical System Design and Estimation in detail. These 113 topics are divided in 6 units.Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. Types of lighting schemes

2. Electrical Symbols

3. Lists of Electrical symbols

4. Salient Features of Electricity Act, 2003

5. Consequences of Electricity Act, 2003

6. Indian Electricity Rules (1956)

7. General safety precautions

8. Role and Scope of National Electric Code

9. Components of National electric code

10. Classification of Supply Systems - TT system

11. Classification of Supply Systems - TN system

12. Classification of Supply Systems - IT system

13. Selection criteria for the TT, TN and IT systems

14. Load break switches

15. Switch Fuse Units & Fuse Switches

16. Circuit Breakers - MCB

17. Circuit Breakers - MCB Selection & Characteristics

18. Circuit Breakers - RCCB

19. Circuit Breakers - MCCB

20. Circuit Breakers - ELCB

21. Circuit Breakers - Voltage Base ELCB

22. Circuit Breakers - Current-operated ELCB

23. Circuit Breakers - ACB

24. Operation of ACB

25. Air Blast Circuit Breaker

26. Different Types of Air Blast Circuit Breaker

27. Circuit Breakers - OCB

28. Bulk Oil Circuit Breaker

29. Single & Double Break Bulk Oil Circuit Breaker

30. Circuit Breakers - Minimum Oil

31. Circuit breakers - VCB

32. Electrical Switchgear

33. SF6 Circuit Breaker

34. Types and Working of SF6 Circuit Breaker

35. Vacuum Arc or Arc in Vacuum

36. Different types of fuses

37. Protection against over load

38. Delay curves

39. Service connections

40. Electrical Diagrams

41. Methods for representation for wiring diagrams

42. Systems of House Wiring

43. Neutral and earth wire

44. Load Factor for Electrical Installations

45. Earth bus- Design of earthing systems

46. Demand Factor for electrical installations

47. Diversity Factor for electrical installations

48. Utilization factor & Maximum Demand for electrical installations

49. Coincidence factor for electrical installations

50. Demand Factor & Load Factor according to Type of Buildings

51. Design of LT panels

52. Current Rating of single core XLPE Un-armoured INSULATED Cables

53. Current Rating of single core XLPE Armoured INSULATED Cables

54. Current Rating of Two core XLPE Un-armoured INSULATED Cables

55. Current Rating of Two core XLPE Armoured INSULATED Cables

56. Current Rating of Three core XLPE Un-Armoured Insulated Cables

57. Current Rating of Three core XLPE Armoured INSULATED Cables

58. Current Rating of Three & Half core XLPE Un-Armoured INSULATED Cables

59. Current Rating of Three & Half core XLPE Armoured INSULATED Cables

60. Current Rating of Four core XLPE Un-Armoured INSULATED Cables

61. Current Rating of Four core XLPE Armoured INSULATED Cables

62. Qualities of good lighting schemes

63. Luminous flux

64. Luminous intensity

65. Illuminance

66. Luminance

67. Reflection and Reflection Factor

68. Laws of illumination

69. Necessity of Illumination

70. Photometry & Luminaire

71. Photometric Bench

72. Incandescent Lamps

73. Characteristics of Incandescent Lamps

74. Discharge Lamps

75. Mercury Vapor Lamp

76. Sodium Vapor Lamp

77. Fluorescent Lamp

78. Luminaries in Illumination Schemes

79. Mounting of Luminaries

80. Glare

81. Evaluation of Glare

82. Color

83. Color Specification Systems - Munsell system

84. Color Specification Systems

85. Interior Lighting

86. Trends and finishing of Interior Lightning

87. Sports Lighting

All topics are not listed because of character limitations set by the Play Store.

## Quality Control Engineering

This unique free application is for all students across the world. It covers 86 topics of Quality Control in detail. These 86 topics are divided in 5 units.Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. Quality Improvement and Statistics

2. Statistical Quality and Process Control

3. Control Charts

4. Charts for Variable such as (X,R charts)

5. Charts for Attributes such as (P,C charts)

6. Use of Control Charts

7. Process Capability Analysis

8. Principle of acceptance sampling

9. Producer’s and consumer’s risk and Average outgoing quality

10. Sampling Error

11. Single Sampling Plan

12. Sampling Plans

13. Double Sampling Plan

14. Sequential Sampling Plan

15. Acceptance sampling attributes

16. Acceptance sampling by variable

17. Difference between attribute and variable sampling plans

18. Introduction to Reliability

19. Product Life Cycle Curve or Bath tub curve

20. Relationship between the failure rate and the mean time between failures

21. Systems Reliability (Series & Parallel System)

22. Implications for Design

23. Redundancy in Reliability

24. Reliability based design

25. Introduction of Value Analysis

26. Defining Cost and Value

27. The Focus of Value Analysis

28. Use of Value Analysis (Within the business & Market induced Reasons)

29. Types Of Value Analysis

30. Related Tools and Techniques of Value Analysis

31. Application of Value Analysis

32. Basic Concept of TQM

33. Difference Between Quality Assurance And Quality Control

34. Implementation of TQM

35. Introduction of Implementation of TQM

36. Quality Assurance in TQM

37. Quality Control points- Introduction

38. Quality Management in TQM

39. Introduction to Total Quality Management

40. Historical evolution of Total Quality Management

41. Zero Defects in TQM

42. Introduction to Taguchi method

43. History of Six Sigma

44. Defination of Six Sigma

45. Concept of Sig Sigma

46. Introduction of ISO 9000

47. ISO 9000 Standard Series

48. Historical Background: The Concept of Quality Circle

49. Introduction of Quality Circle

50. Organizational Structure of Quality Circle

51. Material Quality Control

52. Diagnostic Techniques Introduction

53. Thomson, Rayleigh and Raman scattering

54. Diode laser absorption

55. (Ta)LIF

56. Absolute intensities of spectral lines

57. Spectral Line Broadening

58. Continuum radiation and Power Interruption

59. Introduction to Condition Monitoring

60. Introduction to Condition Monitoring Techniques

61. Mean Time Between Failures (MTBF)

62. Objectives of Inspection and types of Inspection

63. Stages of Inspection

64. Inspection Procedures

65. Methods of Inspection and its Drawbacks

66. Introduction of Quality and Quality Control

67. Quality Characteristics

68. Total Quality Control

69. Process capability Introduction

70. Definitions and Process Capability Study Steps

71. Process Capability and Calculating Process Capability Indices

72. Accuracy and Precision

73. Types of Fits

74. Types of Tolerances

75. Standard Tolerances

76. Selection of Fits

77. Systems of Fit (Hole and Shaft Basis)

78. Limits

79. Non Destructive Testing (NDT)

80. Non destructive Evaluation (NDE) Techniques

81. Types of Gauges

82. Interchangeability Introduction

83. Types of Interchangeability

84. Standardisation and its Types

85. Accuracy versus Precision

86. Design for Maintainability

All topics are not listed because of character limitations set by the Play Store.

## Civil Engineering Basics

This unique free application is for all students across the world. It covers 61 topics of the Basics of Civil Engineering in detail. These 61 topics are divided in 4 units.Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. Accuracy of angle measurement

2. PRECISION MEASURING INSTRUMENTS

3. Definition of horizontal and vertical angles

4. Linear Variable Differential Transformer (LVDT)

5. COMPARATORS

6. ELECTRICAL MEASURING DEVICES

7. Potentiometer

8. Micrometers

9. Height Gauge

10. Stick Micrometers

11. Inside Micrometer

12. Field of civil engineering and their scope

13. Impact of Infrastructural Development on the Economy of a Country

14. Role of Civil Engineers

15. Importance of Planning, Scheduling and Construction Management

16. Introduction of Surveying and levelling

17. Equipment

18. Levelling procedures

19. Object and Uses of Surveying

20. Primary Divisions of Surveying

21. NON-PRECISION MEASURING INSTRUMENTS

22. Firm Joint Type

23. Measuring angles and setting out angles

24. Types and uses of compass

25. Bearing

26. Magnetic Declination

27. INSTRUMENTS AND PROCEDURES

28. Procedure of Measuring Bearing with Prismatic Compass

29. CALCULATIONS OF BEARING AND INCLUDED ANGLES

30. PRECAUTIONS AND ERRORS IN COMPASS SURVEY

31. Sources of Error

32. Levelling

33. Object and Uses

34. Terms Used in Levelling

35. Leveling Instruments

36. Methods of Levelling

37. Use of a Planimeter

38. Introduction to Global Positioning System,

39. Remote Sensing and Geographic Information System

40. Technical Components of Remote Sensing

41. Remote Sensors

42. Types of Construction Materials

43. Properties and Importance of Civil Engineering Materials like Stone

44. Importance of Civil Engineering Materials like Bricks

45. Importance of Civil Engineering Materials like Lime

46. Importance of Civil Engineering Materials like Cement

47. Ferrous and Non Ferrous Metals

48. Ceramic Materials

49. Timber

50. Sand

51. Aggregates for Concrete

52. Mortar and Concrete

53. Paints

54. GLASS & GLAZING

55. Plastics

56. Watershed Development

57. Water Requirements and its Conservation

58. Basic Introduction of Hydraulic Structures of Storage (Only Dams),

59. Role of Transportation

60. Elements of Traffic Engineering and Traffic Control

61. BOT & BOOT Projects for Highways

## Artificial Intelligence

This unique free application is useful for all students of Artificial Intelligence across the world. It covers 142 topics of Artificial Intelligence in detail. These 142 topics are divided in 5 units. Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

The USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from any where they like.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. Turing test

2. Introduction to Artificial Intelligence

3. History of AI

4. The AI Cycle

5. Knowledge Representation

6. Typical AI problems

7. Limits of AI

8. Introduction to Agents

9. Agent Performance

10. Intelligent Agents

11. Structure Of Intelligent Agents

12. Types of agent program

13. Goal based Agents

14. Utility-based agents

15. Agents and environments

16. Agent architectures

17. Search for Solutions

18. State Spaces

19. Graph Searching

20. A Generic Searching Algorithm

21. Uninformed Search Strategies

22. Breadth-First Search

23. Heuristic Search

24. AÃ¢Ë†â€” Search

25. Search Tree

26. Depth first Search

27. Properties of Depth First Search

28. Bi-directional search

29. Search Graphs

30. Informed Search Strategies

31. Methods of Informed Search

32. Greedy Search

33. Proof of Admissibility of A*

34. Properties of Heuristics

35. Iterative-Deepening A*

36. Other Memory limited heuristic search

37. N-Queens eample

38. Adversarial Search

39. Genetic Algorithms

40. Games

41. Optimal decisions in Games

42. minimax algorithm

43. Alpha Beta Pruning

44. Backtracking

45. Consistency Driven Techniques

46. Path Consistency (K-Consistency)

47. Look Ahead

48. Propositional Logic

49. Syntax of Propositional Calculus

50. Knowledge Representation and Reasoning

51. Propositional Logic Inference

52. Propositional Definite Clauses

53. Knowledge-Level Debugging

54. Rules of Inference

55. Soundness and Completeness

56. First Order Logic

57. Unification

58. Semantics

59. Herbrand Universe

60. Soundness, Completeness, Consistency, Satisfiability

61. Resolution

62. Herbrand Revisited

63. Proof as Search

64. Some Proof Strategies

65. Non-Monotonic Reasoning

66. Truth Maintenance Systems

67. Rule Based Systems

68. Pure Prolog

69. Forward chaining

70. backward Chaining

71. Choice between forward and backward chaining

72. AND/OR Trees

73. Hidden Markov Model

74. Bayesian networks

75. Learning Issues

76. Supervised Learning

77. Decision Trees

78. Knowledge Representation Formalisms

79. Semantic Networks

80. Inference in a Semantic Net

81. Extending Semantic Nets

82. Frames

83. Slots as Objects

84. Interpreting frames

85. Introduction to Planning

86. Problem Solving vs. Planning

87. Logic Based Planning

88. Planning Systems

89. Planning as Search

90. Situation-Space Planning Algorithms

91. Partial-Order Planning

92. Plan-Space Planning Algorithms

93. Interleaving vs. Non-Interleaving of Sub-Plan Steps

94. Simple Sock/Shoe Example

95. Probabilistic Reasoning

96. Review of Probability Theory

97. Semantics of Bayesian Networks

98. Introduction to Learning

99. Taxonomy of Learning Systems

100. Mathematical formulation of the inductive learning problem

101. Concept Learning

102. Concept Learning as Search

103. Algorithm to Find a Maximally-Specific Hypothesis

104. Candidate Elimination Algorithm

105. The Candidate-Elimination Algorithm

106. Decision Tree Construction

107. Splitting Functions

108. Decision Tree Pruning

109. Neural Networks

110. Artificial Neural Networks

111. Perceptron

112. Perceptron Learning

113. Multi-Layer Perceptrons

114. Back-Propagation Algorithm

115. Statistical learning

All topics not listed here because of character limit set by Play Store

## Theory of Machines-I

This free unique application is for all students across the world. It covers 161 topics of Theory Of Machines I in detail. These 161 topics are divided in 5 units.Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. TOM DEFINITION

2. FUNDAMENTAL UNITS

3. INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM OF UNITS (S.I. UNITS)

4. PRESENTATION OF UNITS AND THEIR VALUES

5. RULES FOR S.I. UNITS

6. FORCE

7. SCALARS AND VECTORS

8. KINEMATICS OF MOTION

9. LINEAR DISPLACEMENT

10. EQUATIONS OF LINEAR MOTION

11. GRAPHICAL REPRESENTATION OF DISPLACEMENT WITH RESPECT TO TIME

12. GRAPHICAL REPRESENTATION OF VELOCITY WITH RESPECT TO TIME

13. GRAPHICAL REPRESENTATION OF ACCELERATION WITH RESPECT TO TIME

14. KINEMATIC MOTION (NUMERICAL)

15. ANGULAR DISPLACEMENT

16. RELATION BETWEEN LINEAR MOTION AND ANGULAR MOTION

17. ACCELERATION OF A PARTICLE ALONG A CIRCULAR PATH

18. NEWTON’S LAWS OF MOTION

19. MASS AND WEIGHT

20. FORCE UNIT

21. COUPLE

22. MASS MOMENT OF INERTIA

23. ANGULAR MOMENTUM OR MOMENT OF MOMENTUM

24. WORK

25. ENERGY

26. PRINCIPLE OF CONSERVATION OF ENERGY

27. IMPULSE AND IMPULSIVE FORCE

28. ENERGY LOST BY FRICTION CLUTCH DURING ENGAGEMENT

29. TORQUE REQUIRED ACCELERATING A GEARED SYSTEM

30. COLLISION OF TWO BODIES

31. COLLISION OF ELASTIC BODIES

32. LOSS OF KINETIC ENERGY DURING ELASTIC IMPACT

33. SIMPLE MECHANISM

34. TYPES OF LINKS

35. STRUCTURE

36. TYPES OF CONSTRAINED MOTIONS

37. CLASSIFICATION OF KINEMATIC PAIRS

38. KINEMATIC CHAIN

39. TYPES OF JOINTS IN A CHAIN

40. MECHANISM

41. NUMBER OF DEGREES OF FREEDOM FOR PLANE MECHANISMS

42. APPLICATION OF KUTZBACH CRITERION TO PLANE MECHANISMS

43. GRUBLER’S CRITERION FOR PLANE MECHANISMS

44. TYPES OF KINEMATIC CHAINS

45. INVERSIONS OF FOUR BAR CHAIN

46. SINGLE SLIDER CRANK CHAIN

47. INVERSIONS OF SINGLE SLIDER CRANK CHAIN

48. WHITWORTH QUICK RETURN MOTION MECHANISM

49. CRANK AND SLOTTED LEVER QUICK RETURN MOTION MECHANISM

50. DOUBLE SLIDER CRANK CHAIN

51. OLDHAM’S COUPLING

52. SPACE AND BODY CENTRODES

53. METHODS FOR DETERMINING THE VELOCITY OF A POINT ON A LINK

54. PROPERTIES OF THE INSTANTANEOUS CENTRE

55. METHOD OF LOCATING INSTANTANEOUS CENTRES IN A MECHANISM

56. ARONHOLD KENNEDY THEOREM

57. LOCATION OF INSTANTANEOUS CENTRES

58. TYPES OF INSTANTANEOUS CENTRES

59. VELOCITY IN MECHANISMS

60. MOTION OF A LINK

61. VELOCITIES IN SLIDER CRANK MECHANISM

62. FORCES ACTING IN A MECHANISM

63. ACCELERATION OF A POINT ON A LINK

64. ACCELERATION IN MECHANISM

65. ACCELERATION IN THE SLIDER CRANK MECHANISM

66. PANTOGRAPH

67. HART’S MECHANISM

68. STRAIGHT LINE MECHANISMS

69. SCOTT RUSSELL’S MECHANISM

70. MODIFIED SCOTT-RUSSEL MECHANISM & GRASSHOPPER MECHANISM

71. TCHEBICHEFF’S MECHANISM & ROBERTS MECHANISM

72. STRAIGHT LINE MOTIONS FOR ENGINE INDICATORS

73. STEERING GEAR MECHANISM

74. ACKERMAN STEERING GEAR

75. DAVIS STEERING GEAR

76. UNIVERSAL OR HOOKE’S JOINT

77. RATIO OF THE SHAFTS VELOCITIES

78. MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM SPEEDS OF DRIVEN SHAFT

79. CONDITION FOR EQUAL SPEEDS OF THE DRIVING AND DRIVEN SHAFTS

80. DOUBLE HOOKE’S JOINT

81. FRICTION

82. FRICTION BETWEEN DIFFERENT SURFACES

83. LIMITING FRICTION

84. LAWS OF FRICTION

85. LIMITING ANGLE OF FRICTION

86. ANGLE OF REPOSE

87. MINIMUM FORCE REQUIRED TO SLIDE A BODY ON A ROUGH HORIZONTAL PLANE

88. FRICTION OF A BODY LYING ON A ROUGH INCLINED PLANE

89. EFFICIENCY OF INCLINED PLANE

90. SCREW FRICTION

91. FRICTION OF A V-THREAD

92. FRICTION IN JOURNAL BEARING-FRICTION CIRCLE

93. FRICTION OF PIVOT AND COLLAR BEARING

94. FLAT PIVOT BEARING (UNIFORM PRESSURE)

95. FLAT PIVOT BEARING (UNIFORM WEAR)

All topics are not listed because of character limitations set by the Play Store.

## Cryptography | Comp Sc Engg

This ultimate free unique application is for all students of Computer Science Engineering studying Cryptography across the world. It covers 160 topics of Cryptography in detail. These 160 topics are divided in 4 units. Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

The USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from any where they like.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1) Basics of Cryptography

2) Conventional cryptography

3) Key management and conventional encryption

4) Keys

5) Pretty Good Privacy

6) Digital signatures

7) Digital certificates

8) The OSI Security Architecture

9) Network Security

10) Types of attacks

11) Denial of service attack

12) Smurf Attack

13) Distributed Denial of Service Attacks

14) Security Mechanism

15) A Model for Network Security

16) Symmetric Ciphers

17) Classical SubstitutionTechniques

18) Classical Transposition Techniques

19) Rotor Machines

20) Steganography

21) Block Cipher Principles

22) The Data Encryption Standard

23) Differential Cryptanalysis Attack

24) Cipher and Reverse Cipher

25) Security of DES

26) The Strength of DES

27) Differential and Linear Cryptanalysis

28) Block Cipher Design Principles

29) Finite Fields

30) The Euclidean Algorithm

31) Finite Fields of The Form GF(p)

32) Polynomial Arithmetic

33) Finite Fields Of the Form GF(2n)

34) The AES Cipher

35) Substitute Bytes Transformation

36) Evaluation Criteria For AES

37) ShiftRows Transformation

38) AddRoundKey Transformation

39) AES Key Expansion Algorithm

40) Equivalent Inverse Cipher

41) Multiple Encryption and Triple DES

42) Triple DES with Two Keys

43) Block Cipher Modes of Operation

44) Cipher Feedback Mode

45) Output Feedback Mode

46) Counter Mode

47) Stream Ciphers

48) The RC4 Algorithm

49) Random Number Generation

50) Pseudorandom Number Generators

51) Linear Congruential Generators

52) Cryptographically Generated Random Numbers

53) Blum BlumShub Generator

54) True Random Number Generators

55) Key Hierarchy

56) Key Distribution Centre

57) Transparent Key Control Scheme

58) Controlling Key Usage

59) Confidentiality Using Symmetric Encryption

60) Link versus End-to-End Encryption

61) Key Distribution

62) Traffic Confidentiality

63) Prime Numbers

64) Fermat\\\'s and Euler\\\'s Theorems

65) Testing for Primality

66) The Chinese Remainder Theorem

67) Discrete Logarithms

68) Principles of Public-Key Cryptosystems

69) RSA Algorithm

70) Optimal Asymmetric Encryption Padding

71) Key Management

72) Distribution of Secret Keys Using Public-Key Cryptography

73) Diffie-Hellman Key Exchange

74) Example of Deffie Hellman algorithm

75) Key Exchange Protocols

76) Man in the Middle Attack

77) Elliptic Curve Arithmetic

78) Elliptic Curves over Real Numbers

79) Elliptic Curves over Zp

80) Elliptic Curve Cryptography

81) Elliptic Curve Encryption/Decryption

82) Security of Elliptic Curve Cryptography

83) Authentication Requirements

84) Authentication Functions

85) Message Authentication Codes

86) Security of Hash Functions and Macs

87) Secure Hashing Algorithm

88) Whirlpool

89) Whirlpool Hash Structure

90) Block Cipher W

91) The Nonlinear Layer SB

92) HMAC

93) CMAC

94) Digital signatures

95) Direct Digital Signature

96) Arbitrated Digital Signature

97) Authentication Protocols

98) Digital Signature Standard

99) The Digital Signature Algorithm

100) Kerberos

101) Kerberos Version 4

102) Kerberos Version 5

103) Kerberos Realms and Multiple Kerberi

104) X.509 Authentication Service

105) Obtaining a User\'s Certificate

106) Revocation of Certificates

107) Authentication Procedures

108) X.509 Version 3

109) Public-Key Infrastructure

110) Pretty Good Privacy

All topics are not listed due to character limitations imposed by Google Play Store.

## Satellite Communications

This unique free application is for all students across the world. It covers 179 topics of Satellite Communications in detail. These 179 topics are divided in 4 units.Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. Satellite Communications Segments

2. Satellite Link Parameters

3. Satellite Orbits

4. Frequency Band Designations

5. Regulatory Process for Satellite Communications

6. Application of satellite

7. Earth station

8. Characteristics of Earth Station

9. Feed System

10. Tracking System

11. Merits and Demerits of the Satellite Communication

12. Low noise amplifier

13. High-Power Amplifier

14. The Composite Link

15. Passive Satellites& Active Satellites

16. Receive-Only Home TV Systems

17. Link System Performance

18. Uplink

19. Downlink

20. Percent of Time Performance Specifications

21. Master Antenna TV System

22. Transmit-Receive Earth Stations

23. Community Antenna TV System

24. Direct Broadcast Satellite Services

25. MPEG Compression Standards for Digital Television

26. The Home Receiver Outdoor Unit (ODU) of DBS Services

27. Home Receiver Indoor Unit

28. FDM Telephony

29. Frequency Modulation

30. Noise weighting

31. Pre-emphasis and De-emphasis

32. Signal-to-noise ratio for TV/FM

33. Signal-to-Noise Ratio

34. Single-Sideband Telephony

35. S/N and bandwidth for FDM/FM telephony

36. The Telephone Channel

37. Bandwidth Requirements

38. BASEBAND FORMATTING

39. BASEBAND SIGNALS

40. Bit Timing Recovery

41. Carrier Recovery Circuits

42. Digital Carrier Systems

43. Digital modulation

44. Elements of a Digital Communication System

45. Interleaving

46. Time-Division Multiplexing

47. Transmission rate and bandwidth for PSK modulation

48. Satellite Multiple Access

49. Frequency Division Multiple Access

50. Spade System

51. TDMA

52. TDMA Capacity

53. Code Division Multiple Access

54. Satellite Switched TDMA

55. Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum

56. Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum

57. CDMA Processing Gain

58. CDMA Capacity

59. TDMA Frame Structure

60. Bandwidth-Limited and Power-Limited TWT Amplifier Operation

61. Carrier recovery

62. CDMA throughput

63. Comparison of uplink power requirements for FDMA and TDMA

64. Demand-Assigned FDMA

65. Demand-assigned TDMA

66. Digital TASI

67. Downlink analysis for digital transmission

68. Network synchronization

69. On-Board Signal Processing for FDMA/TDM

70. PCM/SCPC/PSK/FDMA

71. PCM/TDM/PSK/FDMA

72. Preassigned FDMA

73. Preassigned TDMA

74. Speech predictive encoded communications (SPEC)

75. Unique word detection

76. Satellite Orbits

77. Orbital Parameters

78. Geostationary Orbit

79. Low Earth Orbit

80. Medium Earth Orbit

81. Highly Elliptical Orbit

82. Geometry of GSO Links

83. Non-Geostationary Orbit (NGSO)

84. Satellite Subsystems

85. Satellite Bus

86. Power Subsystem

87. Attitude Control of Satellite Sub-System

88. Orbital Control of satellite

89. Thermal Control in Satellite

90. Tracking, Telemetry, Command, and Monitoring in satellite

91. Satellite Payload

92. Frequency Translation Transponder

93. On-board Processing Transponder

94. Antenna Subsystem in Satellite Payload

95. Satellite Mobile Services

96. VSATs

97. Radarsat

98. Global Positioning Satellite System (GPS)

99. Orbcomm

100. Broadband Satellite System

101. INMARSAT

102. INTELSAT

103. Military Satellite System

104. U.S. Domsats

105. Transmission Fundamentals

106. Antenna Gain

107. Circular Parabolic Reflector Antenna

108. Antenna Beam width

109. Free-Space Path Loss

110. Basic Link Equation for Received Power

111. System Noise

All topics are not listed because of character limitations set by the Play Store.

## Material Science

This unique free application is for all students across the world. It covers 143 topics of Material Science in detail. These 143 topics are divided in 3 units.Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE OF MATERIALS

2. ENGINEERING REQUIREMENTS OF MATERIALS

3. Classification of engineering materials

4. Organic and inorganic materials

5. Semiconductors

6. Biomaterials

7. CURRENT TRENDS AND ADVANCES IN MATERIALS

8. Advanced materials

9. Smart materials (materials of the future)

10. Nanostructured materials and nanotechnology

11. Quantum dots

12. Spintronics

13. Level of material structure examination and observation

14. Material structure

15. Engineering metallurgy

16. Selection of the materials

17. Atomic concepts in physics and chemistry

18. Atomic Structure: FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS

19. Atomic Structure: FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS

20. ELECTRONS IN ATOMS

21. THE PERIODIC TABLE

22. BONDING FORCES AND ENERGIES

23. Ionic Bonding

24. Covalent Bonding

25. Metallic Bonding

26. SECONDARY BONDING OR VAN DER WAALS BONDING

27. Crystal Structures: FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS

28. The Face-Centered Cubic Crystal Structure

29. The Body-Centered Cubic Crystal Structure

30. The Hexagonal Close-Packed Crystal Structure

31. CRYSTALLOGRAPHIC PLANES

32. CRYSTAL SYSTEMS

33. POINT COORDINATES

34. CRYSTALLOGRAPHIC DIRECTIONS

35. Hexagonal Crystals

36. Atomic Arrangements

37. CLOSE-PACKED CRYSTAL STRUCTURES

38. VACANCIES AND SELF-INTERSTITIALS

39. IMPURITIES IN SOLIDS

40. DISLOCATIONS - LINEAR DEFECTS

41. INTERFACIAL DEFECTS

42. Microscopic Examination

43. Optical Microscopy

44. Electron Microscopy

45. GRAIN SIZE DETERMINATION

46. Introduction to mechanical properties

47. CONCEPTS OF STRESS AND STRAIN

48. Compression Tests

49. STRESS-STRAIN BEHAVIOR

50. ANELASTICITY

51. ELASTIC PROPERTIES OF MATERIALS

52. Plastic Deformation

53. Yielding and Yield Strength

54. Tensile Strength

55. Ductility

56. Resilience

57. Toughness

58. TRUE STRESS AND STRAIN

59. ELASTIC RECOVERY AFTER PLASTIC DEFORMATION

60. HARDNESS

61. Rockwell Hardness Tests

62. Brinell Hardness Tests

63. Knoop and Vickers Microindentation Hardness Tests

64. Hardness Conversion

65. Correlation Between Hardness and Tensile Strength

66. VARIABILITY OF MATERIAL PROPERTIES

67. Computation of Average and Standard Deviation Values

68. DESIGN/SAFETY FACTORS

69. Phase diagrams-introduction

70. SOLUBILITY LIMIT

71. PHASES

72. PHASE EQUILIBRIA

73. ONE-COMPONENT (OR UNARY) PHASE DIAGRAMS

74. Binary Phase Diagrams

75. BINARY ISOMORPHOUS SYSTEMS

76. Determination of Phase Compositions

77. Determination of Phase Amounts

78. Equilibrium Cooling

79. Nonequilibrium Cooling

80. MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF ISOMORPHOUS ALLOYS

81. BINARY EUTECTIC SYSTEMS

82. DEVELOPMENT OF MICROSTRUCTURE IN EUTECTIC ALLOYS

83. EQUILIBRIUM DIAGRAMS HAVING INTERMEDIATE PHASES OR COMPOUNDS

84. EUTECTOID AND PERITECTIC REACTIONS

85. CONGRUENT PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS

86. THE GIBBS PHASE RULE

87. THE IRON-IRON CARBIDE (Fe-Fe3C) PHASE DIAGRAM

88. DEVELOPMENT OF MICROSTRUCTURE IN IRON-CARBON ALLOYS

89. Hypoeutectoid Alloys

90. Hypereutectoid Alloys

91. THE INFLUENCE OF OTHER ALLOYING ELEMENTS

92. FERROUS ALLOYS

93. Low-Carbon Steels

94. Medium-Carbon Steels

95. High-Carbon Steels

96. Stainless Steels

97. Cast Irons

98. Gray Iron

99. Ductile (or Nodular) Iron

All topics are not listed because of character limitations set by the Play Store.

## Strength of Materials

This unique free application is for all students across the world. It covers 157 topics of Strength Of Materials in detail. These 157 topics are divided in 5 units.Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. TENSILE STRESS

2. COMPRESSIVE STRESS

3. SHEAR STRESS

4. VOLUMETRIC STRESS

5. VOLUMETRIC STRAIN

6. SHEAR STRAIN

7. COMPRESSIVE STRAIN

8. TENSILE STRAIN

9. STRESS STRAIN DIAGRAM

10. THERMAL STRESS

11. POISSON RATIO

12. THREE MODULUS

13. Temperature Stress In Composite Bar

14. STRAIN ENERGY

15. MODULUS OF RESSILINCE AND TOUGHNESS

16. STRAIN ENERGY IN GRADUAL AND SUDDEN LOAD

17. STRAIN ENERGY IN IMPACT LOAD

18. HOOK'S LAW

19. STRESS, STRAIN AND CHANGE IN LENGTH

20. CHANGE IN LENGTH WHEN ONE BOTH ENDS ARE FREE

21. CHANGE IN LENGTH WHEN ONE BOTH ENDS ARE FIXED

22. Composite bar in tension or compression

23. Principal Stress And Principal Plane

24. Maximum Shear Stress

25. Theories Of Elastic Failure

26. Maximum Principal Stress Theory

27. Maximum Shear Stress Theory:

28. Maximum Principal Strain Theory

29. Total Strain Energy Per Unit Volume Theory

30. Maximum Shear Strain Energy Per Unit Volume Theory

31. Mohr’s Rupture Theory For Brittle Materials

32. Mohr’s Circle

33. Introduction to Bending Moment And Shearing Force

34. Shearing Force, And Bending Moment In A Straight Beam

35. Sign Conventions For Bending Moments And Shearing Forces

36. Bending Of Beams

37. Procedure For Drawing Shear Force And Bending Moment Diagram

38. SFD & BMD Of Cantilever Carrying Load At Its One End

39. SFD And BMD Of Simply Supported Beam Subjected To A Central Load

40. SFD And BMD Of A Cantilever Beam Subjected To U.D.L

41. Simply Supported Beam Subjected To U.D.L

42. Simply Supported Beam Carrying UDL & End Couples

43. Points Of Inflection

44. Theory Of Bending : Assumption And General Theory

45. Elastic Flexure Formula

46. Beams Of Composite Cross Section

47. Flexural Buckling Of A Pin-Ended Strut

48. Rankine-Gordon Formula

49. Comparison Of The Rankine-Gordon And Euler Formulae

50. Effective Lengths Of Struts

51. Struts And Columns With One End Fixed And The Other Free

52. Thin Cylinder

53. Members Subjected to Axisymmetric Load

54. ANALYSIS: Pressurized thin walled cylinder

55. Longitudinal Stress: Pressurized thin walled cylinder

56. Change in Dimensions: Pressurized thin walled cylinder

57. Volumetric Strain or Change in the Internal Volume

58. Cylindrical Vessel with Hemispherical Ends

59. Thin rotating ring or cylinder

60. Stresses in thick cylinders

61. Stresses in thick cylinders

62. Representation of radial and circumferential strain

63. A thick cylinder with both external and internal pressure

64. The stress distribution within the cylinder wall

65. Methods of increasing the elastic strength of a thick cylinder by pre-stressing

66. Composite cylinders

67. Combined stress distribution in a composite cylinder

68. Multilayered or Laminated cylinder

69. Autofrettage

70. Derivation of the hoop and radial stress equations for a thickwalled circular cylinder

71. Lame line

72. Plastic deformation of thick tubes

73. Lame line for elastic zone

74. Portion of the cylinder is plastic

75. Stress in thin cylinders

76. Horizontal diametrical plane

77. Strains in thin cylinders

78. Change in Volume of Cylinder

79. Compound Cylinders

80. Press Fits

81. Analysis of Press Fits

82. Castigliano's first theorem

83. Castigliano’s Second Theorem

84. Torsion of a thin circular tube

85. Torsion of solid circular shafts

86. Torsion of a hollow circular shaft

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