Electrical Instrumentation-1

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# Description

This unique application is for all students across the world. It covers 280 topics of Electrical Instrumentation and Process Control in detail. These 280 topics are divided in 5 units.

Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. Introduction to AC Electricity

2. Circuits with R, L, and C

3. RC Filters

4. AC Bridges

5. Magnetic fields

6. Analog meter

7. Electromechanical devices

8. Introduction to Basic Electrical Components

9. Resistance

10. Capacitance

11. Inductance

12. Introduction to Electronics

13. Discrete amplifiers

14. Operational amplifiers

15. Current amplifiers

16. Differential amplifiers

17. Buffer amplifiers

18. Nonlinear amplifiers

19. Instrument amplifier

20. Amplifier applications

21. Digital Circuits

22. Digital signals & Binary numbers

23. Logic circuits

24. Analog-to-digital conversion

25. Circuit Considerations

26. Introduction to Process control

27. Process Control

28. Definitions of the Elements in a Control Loop

29. Process Facility Considerations

30. Units and Standards

31. Instrument Parameters

32. Introduction to Level

33. Level Formulas

34. Direct level sensing

35. Indirect level sensing

36. Application Considerations

37. Introduction to Pressure

38. Basic Terms

39. Pressure Measurement

40. Pressure Formulas

41. Manometers

42. Diaphragms, capsules, and bellows

43. Bourdon tubes

44. Other pressure sensors

45. Vacuum instruments

46. Application Considerations

47. Introduction to Actuators and Control

48. Pressure Controllers

49. Flow Control Actuators

50. Power Control

51. Magnetic control devices

52. Motors

53. Application Considerations

54. Introduction to flow

55. Flow Formulas of Continuity equation

56. Bernoulli equation

57. Flow losses

58. Flow Measurement Instruments of Flow rate

59. Total flow and Mass flow

60. Dry particulate flow rate and Open channel flow

61. Application Considerations

62. Humidity

63. Humidity measuring devices

64. Density and Specific Gravity

65. Density measuring devices

66. Viscosity

67. Viscosity measuring instruments

68. pH Measurements, pH measuring devices and pH application considerations

69. Position and Motion Sensing

70. Position and motion measuring devices

71. Force, Torque, and Load Cells

72. Force and torque measuring devices

73. Smoke and Chemical Sensors

74. Sound and Light

75. Sound and light measuring devices

76. Sound and light application considerations

77. Introduction to Signal Conditioning

78. Conditioning

79. Linearization

80. Temperature correction

81. Pneumatic Signal Conditioning

82. Visual Display Conditioning

83. Electrical Signal Conditioning

84. Strain gauge sensors

85. Capacitive sensors

86. Capacitive sensors

87. Magnetic sensors

88. Thermocouple sensors

89. Introduction to Temperature and Heat

90. Temperature definition

91. Heat definitions

92. Thermal expansion definitions

93. Temperature and Heat Formulas

94. Thermal expansion

95. Temperature Measuring Devices

96. Thermometers

97. Pressure-spring thermometers

98. Resistance temperature devices

99. Thermistors

100. Thermocouples

101. Semiconductors

102. Application Considerations

103. Installation, Calibration & Protection

104. System Documentation

105. Pipe and Identification Diagrams

106. Functional Symbols

107. P and ID Drawings

108. Introduction to Instrument types and performance characteristics

109. Active and passive instruments

110. Null-type and deflection-type instruments

111. Analogue and digital instruments

112. Indicating instruments and instruments with a signal output

All topics are not listed because of character limitations set by the Play Store.

You must install this app before submitting a review.

Google Play reviews now use Google+ so it's easier to see opinions from people you care about. New reviews will be publicly linked to your Google+ profile. Your name on previous reviews now appears as "A Google User".

Write a review

My review

Review from

# Reviews

Helpfulness

Newest

Rating

Helpfulness

All Versions

All Versions

Latest Version

2.8

16 total

5 5

4 3

3 0

2 0

1 8

Nazeer Ahmed

Can't register The key sent was wrong message pop's up. No response from the developer. It's waist of money. I'm recommend to ban this apps developer from Google market.

Francesco Auciello

Poor support Will not let me use app after registering with another app from the same creator. Spent money on something I could have used for school, instead waisted. Really, it takes 7+ months to reply to us, 7+ plus months?!

Ronnie Thomas Varghese

Can't log in I'd bought one other app from faadoo and logged in to that but when I bought the second one and tried logging in, it wouldn't let me. Also, it asks for a password where there is no field to enter a password. I went to the website to reset my "password" (more like create an account and password) but never got an email with the changed password or account info! The app makers should fix this else I want my money back! I guess if I don't hear from the app makers, I can put in a complaint to the Play Store.

Apiline Falevai

How many times Do I need to register and how many email addresses?????? I purchased 15 apps courses on faadooengineers and when I opened 1 and I was required to register with usename and email address and I did. When I opened the second one I was required to do the same and I tried to register but when I did, it said I need new email address as mine has been used, which mean that I had used it for the 1st app I registered for, my problem is that I purchased the apps and now I need 15 email addresses to use the apps!? Please help me as I am desperate for some assistance. Otherwise I would like a refund!

User reviews

Easy Engineering March 27, 2014

Francesco Auciello,The registration issue has been resolved. If problem still persist, kindly mail us your details at apps@faadooengineers.com. We would be happy to help. Easy Engineering March 27, 2014

Ronnie Thomas Varghese,The registration issue has been resolved. If problem still persist, kindly mail us your details at apps@faadooengineers.com. We would be happy to help. Easy Engineering March 27, 2014

Apiline Falevai,The registration issue has been resolved. If problem still persist, kindly mail us your details at apps@faadooengineers.com. We would be happy to help. Easy Engineering March 27, 2014

Sergio Velasquez,The registration issue has been resolved. If problem still persist, kindly mail us your details at apps@faadooengineers.com. We would be happy to help. Review deleted

# Additional information

Updated

April 16, 2013

Size

2.1M

Installs

500 - 1,000

Current Version

1

Requires Android

2.2 and up

Permissions

Report

Flag as inappropriate Offered By

Easy Engineering

Developer

# Similar

## Electrical Instrumentation

This unique free application is for all students across the world. It covers 280 topics of Electrical Instrumentation and Process Control in detail. These 280 topics are divided in 5 units.

Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. Introduction to AC Electricity

2. Circuits with R, L, and C

3. RC Filters

4. AC Bridges

5. Magnetic fields

6. Analog meter

7. Electromechanical devices

8. Introduction to Basic Electrical Components

9. Resistance

10. Capacitance

11. Inductance

12. Introduction to Electronics

13. Discrete amplifiers

14. Operational amplifiers

15. Current amplifiers

16. Differential amplifiers

17. Buffer amplifiers

18. Nonlinear amplifiers

19. Instrument amplifier

20. Amplifier applications

21. Digital Circuits

22. Digital signals & Binary numbers

23. Logic circuits

24. Analog-to-digital conversion

25. Circuit Considerations

26. Introduction to Process control

27. Process Control

28. Definitions of the Elements in a Control Loop

29. Process Facility Considerations

30. Units and Standards

31. Instrument Parameters

32. Introduction to Level

33. Level Formulas

34. Direct level sensing

35. Indirect level sensing

36. Application Considerations

37. Introduction to Pressure

38. Basic Terms

39. Pressure Measurement

40. Pressure Formulas

41. Manometers

42. Diaphragms, capsules, and bellows

43. Bourdon tubes

44. Other pressure sensors

45. Vacuum instruments

46. Application Considerations

47. Introduction to Actuators and Control

48. Pressure Controllers

49. Flow Control Actuators

50. Power Control

51. Magnetic control devices

52. Motors

53. Application Considerations

54. Introduction to flow

55. Flow Formulas of Continuity equation

56. Bernoulli equation

57. Flow losses

58. Flow Measurement Instruments of Flow rate

59. Total flow and Mass flow

60. Dry particulate flow rate and Open channel flow

61. Application Considerations

62. Humidity

63. Humidity measuring devices

64. Density and Specific Gravity

65. Density measuring devices

66. Viscosity

67. Viscosity measuring instruments

68. pH Measurements, pH measuring devices and pH application considerations

69. Position and Motion Sensing

70. Position and motion measuring devices

71. Force, Torque, and Load Cells

72. Force and torque measuring devices

73. Smoke and Chemical Sensors

74. Sound and Light

75. Sound and light measuring devices

76. Sound and light application considerations

77. Introduction to Signal Conditioning

78. Conditioning

79. Linearization

80. Temperature correction

81. Pneumatic Signal Conditioning

82. Visual Display Conditioning

83. Electrical Signal Conditioning

84. Strain gauge sensors

85. Capacitive sensors

86. Capacitive sensors

87. Magnetic sensors

88. Thermocouple sensors

89. Introduction to Temperature and Heat

90. Temperature definition

91. Heat definitions

92. Thermal expansion definitions

93. Temperature and Heat Formulas

94. Thermal expansion

95. Temperature Measuring Devices

96. Thermometers

97. Pressure-spring thermometers

98. Resistance temperature devices

99. Thermistors

100. Thermocouples

101. Semiconductors

102. Application Considerations

103. Installation, Calibration & Protection

104. System Documentation

105. Pipe and Identification Diagrams

106. Functional Symbols

107. P and ID Drawings

108. Introduction to Instrument types and performance characteristics

109. Active and passive instruments

110. Null-type and deflection-type instruments

111. Analogue and digital instruments

112. Indicating instruments and instruments with a signal output

All topics are not listed because of character limitations set by the Play Store.

## Instrumentation Answers

Instrumentation Answers app have latest & advanced Question Answers & videos, for Instrumentation, Diploma and Engineering in Mechanical, Automobile & Production Engineering. this App includes Job Services for Instrumentations.

This App is very useful for Instrumentation, ITI & Engineering Students.

In this app shortcut links are provided to all Top Sites. You can use this App as Web browser.

Features:-

-Instrumentation Questions & Answers

-Instrumentation Quiz

-Advanced videos for Instrumentations and engineers

- educational videos for Instrumentationes & Engineering Students

- Instrumentation educational videos

- Instrumentations educational apps

- fun educational videos for Instrumentation

- educational video and apps for engineers

- educational Instrumentation videos free

- teacher apps

- teacher videos

- learning with fun

- educational video for automobile engg

- educational videos for polytechnic

- learning videos for mechanical engineer

- recognize education app

- educational videos for diploma engineering

- train memory

- improve Knowladge.

-have links to all top websites on net.

-App provide special offers,

-Job Services,

________________________________

Educational Quiz & videos are advanced videos explicitly designed with educational purposes, or which have incidental or secondary educational value. All types of videos may be used in an educational environment. Educational videos are videos that are designed to teach people about certain subjects, expand concepts, reinforce development, understand an historical event or culture, or assist them in learning as they play.

_________________________________

This educational app is developed by-

ENGINEERING APPS- Manoj Dole

Download more educational Apps -

https://play.google.com/store/apps/developer?id=ENGINEERING%20APPS-%20Manoj%20Dole&hl=en

## Diploma Instrumentation Contrl

Diploma Instrumentation and Process Control app have latest & advanced videos of Instrumentation machinery and technique for learning course. this App includes Job & Aprantis information for all sections, In this app shortcut links are provided to all Top Sites. You can use this App as a Web browser.

Features:-

- download all educational apps

-downloads educational games

-have links to all top websites on net.

-app provide special offers,

-Website Designing Services,

-Mobile Application Designing Service,

-Job Services,

-online/Offline net courses,

-Computer/Mobile Accessories & books in Mens Shoppy.

- educational videos for Engineering & ITI Students

- educational videos for Instrumentation engineer

- educational apps for diploma Instrumentation

- fun educational videos for Instrumentation engineering

- educational video and apps for engineers

- educational Instrumentation videos free

- teacher apps

- teacher videos

- learning with fun

- educational video for Instrumentations engg

- educational videos for polytechnic

- learning videos for Instrumentation engineer

- recognize education app

- educational videos for diploma engineering

- train memory

- improve Knowladge.

________________________________

Educational videos are advanced videos explicitly designed with educational purposes, or which have incidental or secondary educational value. All types of videos may be used in an educational environment. Educational videos are videos that are designed to teach people about certain subjects, expand concepts, reinforce development, understand an historical event or culture, or assist them in learning as they play.

_________________________________

This educational app is developed by-

ADHIRAJ MOBILE- Manoj Dole

Download more educational Apps -

https://play.google.com/store/apps/developer?id=ENGINEERING%20APPS-%20Manoj%20Dole&hl=en

## RESIDENTIAL ELECTRICAL WIRING

This app is a complete set of residential electrical wiring diagrams for a sample house.

Residential wiring diagrams, also known as Electrical Construction Drawings, including plans, layouts, schedules and worksheets are used by Electrical Contractors in all Electrical Construction Projects.

This app provides well-presented sample electrical wiring diagrams and step-by-step explanations and calculations for creating the diagrams.

Real-world examples of electrical plans, layouts, schedules and worksheets found in typical construction drawings of residential houses are packaged in this app including:

- Key Floor Plan

- Architectural Floor Plan - Dimensioned

- Electrical Floor Plan

- Wiring Layout

- Electric Panel Schedule

- Electric Appliance Load Schedule

- Electrical Symbols

- Appliance Load Worksheet

- Service Load Worksheet

Electrical plans, layouts, schedules and worksheets are presented as high resolution images.

This app provides you with a practical approach to learning design process for residential wiring systems.

With this app, you have the opportunity to practice how to interpret and how to apply critical electrical code requirements.

All plans and schedules presented with this app are based on NEC requirements.

Real-world examples are used to reinforce key calculations and concepts for anyone working in residential electricity industry.

Practice Makes Perfect!

Electrical plans, layouts, schedules and worksheets presented with this app will provide you with the knowledge base needed for understanding of electrical construction drawings for residential wiring systems in common use today.

Step-by-step instructions for performing each calculation found in typical worksheets are provided for the sample house in this app.

This app is recommended for anyone working in designing, reviewing, evaluating or installing residential electrical systems including:

- Designers

- Installers

- Engineers

- Electrical contractors

- Technicians

- Project managers

- Architects

- Inspectors

- Professional Residential Electricians

## Instrumentation Tools

Instrumentation Tools Android App is the unique place for Instrumentation engineers worldwide who want to learn and study. We provide a variety of technical articles presented on very understandable way, as well as FREE handy guides, Instrumentation online tools and MS Excel spreadsheets that will make your life much easier.

Generally Instrumentation Tools covers following topics through articles, tools and guides:

★ Field Instrumentation

★ Control Systems

★ Distributed Control Systems - DCS

★ Emergency Shutdown Systems - ESD

★ Programmable Logic Controllers - PLC

★ Fire & Gas Systems

★ Basics of Instrumentation

★ Control Valves & ON/OFF valves

★ Metering Systems

★ Vibration Monitoring Systems - VMS

★ Maintenance of Instrumentation equipment

★ Analyzers

★ Instrumentation Tools

★ SCADA & RTU

★ Excel Tools for Instrumentation

★ Foundation Fieldbus & HART

★ Communication

★ Industrial Automation

★ International Standards and many more ...

Every day the app was updated with new articles, tools & technical information. So please visiting the app. If you want any information/working principles/tools/support/queries related to instrumentation then please post your queries in our comment section, which available under the bottom of each article.

About Instrumentation Android App :

I am Proud to say that this is the First Android App designed especially for Our Instrumentation Professionals which is available in Google Play Store.

This is only starting version of Instrumentation Tools App Version 2.0 available in Google Play store which requires internet connection to load the data in the app. The app may take little bit time to load the content and it depends on your internet connection & mobile so Please be patient. Next version of this android app planning to launch soon which works without internet connection. Good Internet connection is recommended.

Support Our Instrumentation App: Like it, Share it, Give Comments & Encourage us.

## Electrical Engineering Q&A

Electrical Engineering Q&A is a simple app with all the latest questions in Electrical Engineering. It contains over 1500 questions covering all topics including Electromagnetism, Electrostatics, Magnetostatics, Electrodynamics, Electrodynamics, Electrical circuits, Physical Laws, Control Engineering, System Modelling/Analysis, Controllers, Control applications, Electronics, Power Engineering, Electric Vehicles, Signal Processing, Filtering, Instrumentation and Telecom, etc.

We add new questions with each new version. Please email us in case of any errors/omissions. This is arguably the largest and best app for Electrical engineering multiple choice questions and answers on Google Play. As a student you can use it for your exam prep. This app is also useful for professors to refresh material.

App features ::

- Latest questions

- more than 1500 questions.

- Simple user interface

- Detailed review of every question with color coding

- Score card for all quizzes at a glance

- Search any quiz by name

We add new questions with each new version. Please email us in case of any errors/omissions. This is arguably the largest and best app for Electrical engineering multiple choice questions and answers on Google Play. As a student you can use it for your exam prep. This app is also useful for professors to refresh material.

App features ::

- Latest questions

- more than 1500 questions.

- Simple user interface

- Detailed review of every question with color coding

- Score card for all quizzes at a glance

- Search any quiz by name

You will see periodic ads in the application. The download is free so this is the way we monetize the app.

## Electrical Engineer Reviewer

April Fools' Day Special Sale! All upgrades now on lowest price possible! upgrade now!

Electrical Engineer Reviewer is a multiple choice test reviewer app designed to test the knowledge of a Electrical Engineering students, professionals and alike who are going to take board exam for Electrical Engineer License. This is an interactive app that tells you when your answer from the multiple choice is correct or wrong with sound. If you're always on-the-go this and don't want bulky reviewers, this is perfect for you.

★ Composed of 550 questions and more to come on coming updates.

★ Subjects are divided in A.C. Fundamentals, D.C. Generators, D.C. Motors, Network Theorem, Transmission and Distribution, Control Systems, Measurement and Instrumentation, Electrical Engineering Materials, Power Plant Engineering, Electrical Machine Design, Industrial Drives

★ Link for Math Test is Included

***The App is FREE. WiFi or Mobile internet is needed to use the App.

If you have concerns regarding the app, incorrect answers, suggestions for improvement, please contact the email given.

We strive to provide worthy education materials and improving everything. Your feedback and requests will be greatly appreciated. Just hit up super.awesome.me.19@gmail.com , so communication will be easier. Godspeed!

## Electrical Engineering Premium

The Premium version of Electrical Engineering doesn't have any ads, and it has more features than the free version, enjoy more space to work. Calculator or graph mode.

Basic Electrical Concepts allows you to perform basic calculations and have at your fingertips the most important concepts of electronics. Ideal for teachers and electrical engineering students.

The premium version has a powerful tool to plot the most important formulas and see the performance of your circuits in a graph mode.

Topics:

- Self study section

- Electrical Theorems and Laws

- Resistance

- Capacitance

- Inductance

- Diode

- Transistor

- Operational Amplifiers

- Filters

- Digital Combinational

- Digital Sequential

## Electrical Engineering Pack

Electrical Engineering Pack consists of 39 Electrical Calculators and 16 Electrical Converters. A complete guide for Electrical Engineers, Technicians and Students.

*** Available in English, Français, Español, Italiano, Deutsch, Português & Nederlands ***

Electrical Calculator contains 39 Calculators, that can quickly and easily calculate different electrical parameters. Automatic Calculations and Conversions with every Unit and Value Changes.

Electrical Calculator:

• Ohms Law Calculator

• Voltage Calculator

• Current Calculator

• Resistance Calculator

• Power Calculator

• Single Phase Power Calculator

• Three Phase Power Calculator

• Single Phase Current Calculator

• Three Phase Current Calculator

• DC HorsePower Calculator

• Single Phase HorsePower Calculator

• Three Phase HorsePower Calculator

• DC Current (HP) Calculator

• Single Phase Current (HP) Calculator

• Three Phase Current (HP) Calculator

• Efficiency (DC) Calculator

• Efficiency (Single Phase) Calculator

• Efficiency (Three Phase) Calculator

• Power Factor (Single Phase) Calculator

• Power Factor (Three Phase) Calculator

• Light Calculation

• Luminous Intensity Calculator

• Luminous Flux Calculator

• Solid Angle Calculator

• Energy Cost Calculator

• Energy Storage Calculator

• Resistance

• Inductance

• Capacitance

• Star to Delta Conversion

• Delta to Star Conversion

• Inductive Reactance Calculator

• Capacitive Reactance Calculator

• Resonant Frequency Calculator

• Inductor Sizing Equation

• Capcitor Sizing Equation

• Resistance (Series) Calculator

• Resistance (Parallel) Calculator

• Inductance (Series) Calculator

• Inductance (Parallel) Calculator

• Capacitance (Series) Calculator

• Capacitance (Parallel) Calculator

Electrical Converter is a conversion calculator that can quickly and easy translate different electrical units of measure. It consists of 16 Categories with 173 Units and 2162 Conversions.

Electrical Converter:

• Field Strength

• Electric Potential

• Resistance

• Resistivity

• Conductance

• Conductivity

• Capacitance

• Inductance

• Charge

• Linear Charge Density

• Surface Charge Density

• Volume Charge Density

• Current

• Linear Current Density

• Surface Current Density

• Power

Key Features:

• Professionally and Newly designed user-interface that speeds up Data Entry, Easy Viewing and Calculation Speed.

• Multiple options for calculating each values.

• Automatic calculation of the output with respect to changes in the Input, Options and Units.

• Multiple Units are provided for each parameters for conversion purpose.

• Formulas are provided for each calculator.

• Extremely Accurate Calculators.

A Complete Electrical Guide

## Electric Motor Glossary

An Electric motor is a machine which converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. It involve rotating coils of wire which are driven by the magnetic force exerted by a magnetic field on an electric current.

This Glossary provides comprehensive list of 200+ terms related Electric motor and helps you to understand terminology.

- No Internet connectivity required

- Add term to your favorite list

- Email term to your friends and family

## EveryCircuit

MuseMaze

1

All joking aside, this time you will understand how electronic circuits work.

"I stumbled upon some serious gold" - GeekBeat.tv

"This app takes design to a whole new level of interactivity" - Design News

Build any circuit, tap play button, and watch dynamic voltage, current, and charge animations. This gives you insight into circuit operation like no equation does. While simulation is running, adjust circuit parameters with analog knob, and the circuit responds to your actions in real time. You can even generate an arbitrary input signal with your finger!

That's interactivity and innovation you can't find in best SPICE tools for PC like Multisim, LTspice, OrCad or PSpice (trademarks belong to their respective owners).

EveryCircuit is not just an eye candy. Under the hood it packs custom-built simulation engine optimized for interactive mobile use, serious numerical methods, and realistic device models. In short, Ohm's law, Kirchhoff's current and voltage laws, nonlinear semiconductor device equations, and all the good stuff is there.

Growing library of components gives you freedom to design any analog or digital circuit from a simple voltage divider to transistor-level masterpiece.

Schematic editor features automatic wire routing, and minimalistic user interface. No nonsense, less tapping, more productivity.

Simplicity, innovation, and power, combined with mobility, make EveryCircuit a must-have companion for high school science and physics students, electrical engineering college students, breadboard and printed circuit board (PCB) enthusiasts, and ham radio hobbyists.

Join EveryCircuit cloud community to store your circuits on cloud and access them from any of your Android devices. Explore public community circuits and share your own designs. The app requires a permission to access your account for authentication in EveryCircuit community.

Thanks to Prof. N. Maghari for technical discussions, feedback, and help with designing circuit examples.

Features:

+ Thousands of public community circuits

+ Animations of voltage waveforms and current flows

+ Animations of capacitor charges

+ Analog control knob adjusts circuit parameters

+ Automatic wire routing

+ Oscilloscope

+ Seamless DC and transient simulation

+ Single play/pause button controls simulation

+ Saving and loading of circuit schematic

+ Mobile simulation engine built from ground-up

+ Shake the phone to kick-start oscillators

+ Intuitive user interface

+ No Ads

Components:

+ Sources, signal generators

+ Controlled sources, VCVS, VCCS, CCVS, CCCS

+ Resistors, capacitors, inductors, transformers

+ Voltmeter, amperemeter, ohmmeter

+ Potentiometer, lamp

+ Switches, SPST, SPDT

+ Push buttons, NO, NC

+ Diodes, Zener diodes, light emitting diodes (LED)

+ MOS transistors (MOSFET)

+ Bipolar junction transistors (BJT)

+ Ideal operational amplifier (opamp)

+ Digital logic gates, AND, OR, NOT, NAND, NOR, XOR, XNOR

+ Relay

+ 555 timer

+ Counter

+ 7-segment display and decoder

Next:

+ More components

If you like it, please rate, review, and buy!

## Bien fait! 1

Der Vokabeltrainer von HPT bietet dir die Möglichkeit, deine Vokabeln aus dem Buch „Bien fait! 1“ einfach und bequem auf deinem Smartphone/Tablet zu lernen. Du kannst die Vokabeln nach Kapiteln auswählen, sie dann lernen, üben und dich prüfen lassen. Wenn du ein Vokabel bereits kannst, setze es auf „grün“, wenn du noch Probleme damit hast, setze es auf „gelb“ oder „rot“. Diese für dich schwierigen Vokabeln können dann intensiver geübt werden.

## kApp - AutoCAD Electrical 2013

This 101 introductory kApp is equivalent to one full day of classroom training and provides the AutoCAD using electrical professional with in-depth information regarding AutoCAD Electrical 2013 and its electrical engineering intelligence. The kApp includes instruction on the symbol libraries and tools such as bills of materials (BOM) reporting and PLC I/O design. The kApp covers the new features including electrical design features, circuit design & reuse, the ability to create smart panel layout drawings and automatic report generation. The kApp then goes over the menu driven system for inserting devices and shows you how to efficiently build standards-based electrical control designs. It also shows you how to quickly render drawings with features which enable the user to trim wire, copy, and delete components or circuits and scoot and align components.

About Knowledge Apps (kApps)

Knowledge Apps are the modern way to learn a skill, be provided with information, and stream video content in an easy to use format. Knowledge Apps utilize high definition video and instructor-led teaching methods to provide you with a world class learning experience. Each kApp contains advanced functionality that allows you to easily navigate and search for information contained within each kApp or all of your kApps as a whole. This gives you the ability to access the exact information you need, when you need it.

kApp Key Features:

-Instructor-Led Courses

-Streaming High-Definition Video

-Easy to Use Controls and Navigation

-Indexed Course Material

-Advanced Search Features

-Affordably Priced

-Available Anywhere with an Internet Connection

About Retrieve - Provider of kApps

Retrieve is the leading provider of high-impact low-cost training, informational, and communication apps. There are many reasons that set us apart from the competition. The main one being that we offer the same level of content as other providers, we just offer it for much less and with better features. You can compare features, content, and price but when it comes down to it, Retrieve has the combination that cannot be beat.

## My Electrical Calculator

My Electrical Calculator contains 39 Calculators, that can quickly and easily calculate different electrical parameters. Automatic Calculations and Conversions with every Unit and Value Changes. A Must have utility.

*** Available in English, Français, Español, Italiano, Deutsch, Português & Nederlands ***

My Electrical Calculator contains following 39 Calculators:

• Ohms Law Calculator

• Voltage Calculator

• Current Calculator

• Resistance Calculator

• Power Calculator

• Single Phase Power Calculator

• Three Phase Power Calculator

• Single Phase Current Calculator

• Three Phase Current Calculator

• DC HorsePower Calculator

• Single Phase HorsePower Calculator

• Three Phase HorsePower Calculator

• DC Current (HP) Calculator

• Single Phase Current (HP) Calculator

• Three Phase Current (HP) Calculator

• Efficiency (DC) Calculator

• Efficiency (Single Phase) Calculator

• Efficiency (Three Phase) Calculator

• Power Factor (Single Phase) Calculator

• Power Factor (Three Phase) Calculator

• Light Calculation

• Luminous Intensity Calculator

• Luminous Flux Calculator

• Solid Angle Calculator

• Energy Cost Calculator

• Energy Storage Calculator

• Resistance

• Inductance

• Capacitance

• Star to Delta Conversion

• Delta to Star Conversion

• Inductive Reactance Calculator

• Capacitive Reactance Calculator

• Resonant Frequency Calculator

• Inductor Sizing Equation

• Capcitor Sizing Equation

• Resistance (Series) Calculator

• Resistance (Parallel) Calculator

• Inductance (Series) Calculator

• Inductance (Parallel) Calculator

• Capacitance (Series) Calculator

• Capacitance (Parallel) Calculator

Key Features:

• Professionally and Newly designed user-interface that speeds up Data Entry, Easy Viewing and Calculation Speed.

• Multiple options for Calculating each values.

• Automatic Calculation of the Output with respect to changes in the Input, Options and Units.

• Multiple Units are provided for each parameters for conversion purpose.

• Formulas are provided for each calculator.

• Extremely Accurate Calculators.

Most Comprehensive Electrical Calculator

## COMMERCIAL ELECTRICAL WIRING

This app is a complete set of commercial electrical wiring diagrams for a commercial complex.

Commercial wiring diagrams, also known as Electrical Construction Drawings, including plans, layouts, schedules and worksheets are used by Electrical Contractors in all Electrical Construction Projects.

This app provides well-presented sample electrical wiring diagrams and step-by-step explanations and calculations for creating the diagrams.

Real-world examples of electrical plans, layouts, schedules and worksheets found in typical construction drawings of commercial complexes are packaged in this app including:

- Key Floor Plan

- Architectural Floor Plan - Dimensioned

- Electrical Floor Plan

- Wiring Layout

- Electric Panel Schedule

- Electric Appliance Load Schedule

- Electrical Symbols

- Appliance Load Calculation Worksheet

- Feeder Load Calculation Worksheet

- Service Entrance Load Calculation Worksheet

- Site Development Plan

- Building Site Plan

Electrical plans, layouts, schedules and worksheets are presented as high resolution images.

This app provides you with a practical approach to learning design process for commercial wiring systems.

With this app, you have the opportunity to practice how to interpret and how to apply critical electrical code requirements.

All plans and schedules presented with this app are based on NEC requirements.

Real-world examples are used to reinforce key calculations and concepts for anyone working in commercial electricity industry.

Practice Makes Perfect!

Electrical plans, layouts, schedules and worksheets presented with this app will provide you with the knowledge base needed for understanding of electrical construction drawings for commercial wiring systems in common use today.

Step-by-step instructions for performing each calculation found in typical worksheets are provided for the example commercial complex in this app.

All the plans, layouts and schedules provided here are zoomable for easy viewing.

This app is recommended for anyone working in designing, reviewing, evaluating or installing commercial electrical systems including:

- Designers

- Installers

- Engineers

- Electrical contractors

- Technicians

- Project managers

- Architects

- Inspectors

- Professional Residential Electricians

## ELECTRICAL CODE ILLUSTRATIONS

This app is a library of illustrations and workflow diagrams to help you understand and apply the essential electrical code requirements quickly and accurately.

It also comes with electrical load calculator tool called Engineer. This tool can be used for engineering of branch circuit and feeder loads. It is based on the requirements and formulas provided in the electrical code.

With this app now you have access to the important code information in a way that is easy to interpret. You can quickly find the information you search for without going through hundreds of pages of information.

You will gain the confidence you need for designing, building and installation of electrical systems. This app will save you tremendous amount of time and effort.

All the illustrations and diagrams of this app can be zoomed in to see in greater detail.

# More from developer

## Basic Electrical Engineering

This unique Free application is for all students across the world. It covers 108 topics of Basic Electrical in detail. These 108 topics are divided in 5 units.

Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Few topics Covered in this application are:

1. Introduction of electrical engineering

2. Voltage and current

3. Electric Potential and Voltage

4. Conductors and Insulators

5. Conventional versus electron flow

6. Ohm's Law

7. Kirchoff's Voltage Law (KVL)

8. Kirchoff's Current Law (KCL)

9. Polarity of voltage drops

10. Branch current method

11. Mesh current method

12. Introduction to network theorems

13. Thevenin's Theorem

14. Norton's Theorem

15. Maximum Power Transfer Theorem

16. star-delta transformation

17. Source Transformation

18. voltage and current sources

19. loop and nodal methods of analysis

20. Unilateral and Bilateral elements

21. Active and passive elements

22. alternating current (AC)

23. AC Waveforms

24. The Average and Effective Value of an AC Waveform

25. RMS Value of an AC Waveform

26. Generation of Sinusoidal (AC) Voltage Waveform

27. Concept of Phasor

28. Phase Difference

29. The Cosine Waveform

30. Representation of Sinusoidal Signal by a Phasor

31. Phasor representation of Voltage and Current

32. AC inductor circuits

33. Series resistor-inductor circuits: Impedance

34. Inductor quirks

35. Review of Resistance, Reactance, and Impedance

36. Series R, L, and C

37. Parallel R, L, and C

38. Series-parallel R, L, and C

39. Susceptance and Admittance

40. Simple parallel (tank circuit) resonance

41. Simple series resonance

42. Power in AC Circuits

43. Power Factor

44. Power Factor Correction

45. Quality Factor and Bandwidth of a Resonant Circuit

46. Generation of Three-phase Balanced Voltages

47. Three-Phase, Four-Wire System

48. Wye and delta configurations

49. Distinction between line and phase voltages, and line and phase currents

50. Power in balanced three-phase circuits

51. Phase rotation

52. Three-phase Y and Delta configurations

53. Measurement of Power in Three phase circuit

54. Introduction of measuring instruments

55. Various forces/torques required in measuring instruments

56. General Theory Permanent Magnet Moving Coil (PMMC) Instruments

57. Working Principles of PMMC

58. A multi-range ammeters

59. Multi-range voltmeter

60. Basic principle operation of Moving-iron Instruments

61. Construction of Moving-iron Instruments

62. Shunts and Multipliers for MI instruments

63. Dynamometer type Wattmeter

64. Introduction to Power System

65. POWER TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION

66. Magnetic Circuit

67. B-H Characteristics

68. Analysis of Series magnetic circuit

69. Analysis of series-parallel magnetic circuit

70. Different laws for calculating magnetic field-Biot-Savart law

71. Amperes circuital law

72. Reluctance & permeance

73. Introduction of Eddy Current & Hysteresis Losses

74. Eddy current

75. Derivation of an expression for eddy current loss in a thin plate

76. Hysteresis Loss

77. Hysteresis loss & loop area

78. Steinmetzs empirical formula for hysteresis loss

79. Inductor

80. Force between two opposite faces of the core across an air gap

81. ideal transformer

82. Practical transformer

83. equivalent circuit

84. Efficiency of transformer

85. Auto-Transformer

86. Introduction of D.C Machines

87. D.C machine Armature Winding

88. EMF Equation

89. Torque equation

90. Generator types & Characteristics

91. Characteristics of a separately excited generator

92. Characteristics of a shunt generator

93. Load characteristic of shunt generator

94. Single-phase Induction Motor

All topics are not listed because of character limitations set by the Play Store.

## Automobile Engineering

This unique free application is for all students of Automobile Engineering across the world. It covers 188 topics of Automobile Engineering in detail. These 188 topics are divided in 5 units. Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from any where they like.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. THE AIR-CONDITIONING SYSTEM

2. The expansion valve system

3. THE FIXED ORIFICE VALVE SYSTEM (CYCLING CLUTCH ORIFICE TUBE)

4. THE COMPRESSOR

5. THE CONDENSER

6. THE CONDENSER

7. THE RECEIVER-DRIER/ACCUMULATOR

8. THE EXPANSION VALVE/FIXED ORIFICE VALVE

9. THE EVAPORATOR

10. ANTI-FROSTING DEVICES

11. BASIC CONTROL SWITCHES

12. THE BASIC THEORY OF COOLING

13. VAPOUR COMPRESSION REFRIGERATION

14. ALTERNATIVES CYCLES

15. INITIAL VEHICLE INSPECTION

16. TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENTS

17. PRESSURE GAUGE READINGS

18. CYCLE TIME TESTING

19. A/C SYSTEM LEAK TESTING

20. SIGHT GLASS

21. GLOBAL WARMING

22. THE OZONE LAYER

23. INTRODUCTION TO TRANSFER OF HEAT AND MASS TO THE BASE METAL IN GAS-METAL ARC WELDING

24. INTRODUCTION OF AUTOMOBILE ENGINEERING

25. HISTORY OF THE AUTOMOBILE ENGINEERING

26. TYPES OF AUTOMOBILES

27. LAYOUT OF AN AUTOMOBILE CHASSIS

28. MAJOR COMPONENTS OF AN AUTOMOBILE

29. FUNCTIONS OF THE AUTOMOBILE COMPONENTS

30. CLASSIFICATION OF AUTOMOBILE ENGINES

31. USE OF THE ENGINES

32. MERITS AND DEMERITS OF VERTICAL AND HORIZONTAL ENGINES

33. REASONS FOR USING SINGLE CYLINDER TWO STROKE AIR-COOLED PETROL ENGINE ON TWO WHEELERS

34. REASONS FOR USING MULTI-CYLINDER DIESEL ENGINE FOR COMMERCIAL VEHICLES

35. DIFFERENCE BETWEEN TWO-STROKE AND FOUR-STROKE CYCLE ENGINES

36. ADVANTAGES OF A MULTI-CYLINDER ENGINE FOR THE SAME POWER

37. ENGINE CONSTRUCTION

38. CYLINDER BLOCKS

39. CYLINDER LINER

40. CRANK CASE

41. CYLINDER HEAD

42. GASKETS

43. PISTON

44. PISTON RINGS

45. PISTON PIN

46. CONNECTING ROD

47. CRANKSHAFT

48. VALVES

49. PORT-TIMING DIAGRAM

50. FLYWHEEL

51. MANIFOLDS

52. ROLLING RESISTANCE

53. AIR RESISTANCE.

54. GRADIENT RESISTANCE

55. TRACTIVE EFFORT

56. GEAR BOX

57. TYPES OF THE GEAR BOX

58. MERITS AND DEMERITS OF GEAR BOX

59. GEAR SHIFTING MECHANISM

60. Transmission in Automobile

61. COMPONENTS FOR TRANSMISSION IN AUTOMOBILES

62. FUNCTION OF CLUTCH

63. MAIN PARTS OF CLUTCH

64. TYPES OF THE CLUTCH

65. UNIVERSAL JOINT

66. CLUTCH ACTUATING MECHANISM

67. FUNCTION OF STEERING SYSTEM

68. FRONT AXLE

69. CASTER ANGLE

70. CASTER ANGLE

71. CAMBER

72. TOE-IN

73. TOE-OUT

74. ACKERMAN MECHANISM

75. FUNCTIONS OF A BRAKE

76. CLASSIFICATION OF BRAKES

77. DISC BRAKES

78. FLOATING CALIPER BRAKE

79. POWER BRAKES

80. AIR BRAKE SYSTEM

81. HYDRAULIC BRAKES

82. TYPES OF THE STARTING MOTORS

83. GENERATOR

84. ALTERNATOR

85. LIGHTING SYSTEM

86. IGNITION SYSTEM

87. IGNITION TIMING

88. IGNITION ADVANCE

89. SPARK PLUGS

90. ELECTRONIC IGNITION SYSTEM

91. AUTOMOBILE BATTERY

92. LOW MAINTENANCE AND MAINTENANCE-FREE BATTERIES

93. HORNS

94. CLUTCH OPERATION

95. Types of clutch

96. Gearbox operation

97. Gear change mechanisms

98. Gears and components

99. AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION: INTRODUCTION AND TORQUE CONVERTER

100. AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION COMPONENTS

101. CONSTANTLY VARIABLE TRANSMISSION

102. DIRECT SHIFT GEARBOX

103. TRANSMISSION DRIVELINE- PROPSHAFTS AND DRIVESHAFTS

104. WHEEL BEARINGS

105. FOUR-WHEEL DRIVE

106. TIRE DESIGN

107. TIRE PLY AND BELT DESIGN

108. Tire Tread Design

109. TIRE RATINGS AND SIDEWALL INFORMATION

110. SPECIALTY TIRES

111. REPLACEMENT TIRES

112. Tire Valves

113. COMPACT SPARE TIRES

114. Run-Flat Tires

115. Tire Pressure Monitoring Systems

116. TIRE CONTACT AREA

117. Wheel Rims

118. Static Wheel Balance Theory

119. Dynamic Wheel Balance Theory

120. On-Car Wheel Balancing

## Basic Electronics Engineering

This unique free application is for all students across the world. It covers 97 topics of Basic Electronics in detail. These 97 topics are divided in 5 units.Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. Introduction to Electronic Engineering

2. Basic quantities

3. Passive and active devices

4. Semiconductor Devices

5. Current in Semiconductors

6. P-N Junction

7. Diodes

8. Power Diode

9. Switching

10. Special-Purpose Diodes

11. Tunnel diode and Optoelectronics

12. Diode Approximation

13. Applications of diode: Half wave Rectifier and Full Wave Rectifier

14. Bridge Rectifier

15. Clippers

16. Clamper Circuits

17. Positive Clamper

18. Voltage Doubler

19. Zener Diode

20. Zener Regulator

21. Design of Zener regulator circuit

22. Special-Purpose Diodes-1

23. Transistors

24. Bipolar Junction Transistors (BJT)

25. Beta and alpha gains

26. The Common Base Configuration

27. Relation between different currents in a transistor

28. Common-Emitter Amplifier

29. Common Base Amplifier

30. Biasing Techniques for CE Amplifiers

31. Biasing Techniques: Emitter Feedback Bias

32. Biasing Techniques: Collector Feedback Bias

33. Biasing Techniques: Voltage Divider Bias

34. Biasing Techniques: Emitter Bias

35. Small Signal CE Amplifiers

36. Analysis of CE amplifier

37. Common Collector Amplifier

38. Darlington Amplifier

39. Analysis of a transistor amplifier using h-parameters

40. Power Amplifiers

41. Power Amplifiers: Class A Amplifiers

42. Power Amplifiers: Class B amplifier

43. Power Amplifiers: Cross over distortion(Class B amplifier)

44. Power Amplifiers: Biasing a class B amplifier

45. Power Calculations for Class B Push-Pull Amplifier

46. Power Amplifiers: Class C amplifier

47. Field Effect Transistor (FET)

48. JFET Amplifiers

49. Transductance Curves

50. Biasing the FET

51. Biasing the FET: Self Bias

52. Voltage Divider Bias

53. Current Source Bias

54. FET a amplifier

55. Design of JFET amplifier

56. JFET Applications

57. MOSFET Amplifiers

58. Common-Drain Amplifier

59. MOSFET Applications

60. Operational Amplifiers

61. Depletion-mode MOSFET

62. Enhancement-mode MOSFET

63. The ideal operational amplifier

64. Practical OP AMPS

65. Inverting Amplifier

66. The Non-inverting Amplifier

67. Voltage Follower (Unity Gain Buffer)

68. The Summing Amplifier

69. Differential Amplifier

70. The Op-amp Integrator Amplifier

71. The Op-amp Differentiator Amplifier

72. History of The Numeral Systems

73. Binary codes

74. conversion of bases

75. Conversion of decimal to binary ( base 10 to base 2)

76. Octal Number System

77. Hexadecimal Number System

78. Rules of Binary Addition and Subtraction

79. Sign-and-magnitude method

80. Sign-and-magnitude method:2s complement Representation

81. Boolean algebra

82. Basic Theorems & Properties of Boolean algebra

83. Logic gate

84. Symbols of logic Gates

85. Universal Gates

86. No associativity of NAND and NOR Gates: universal gates

87. Introduction of minimization using K-map

88. Two variable maps

89. Don't Cares condition

90. 5 variable Karnaugh Maps

91. Binary coded decimal codes(bcd)

92. Principle and types digital instruments

93. digital voltmeter

94. Cathode ray oscilloscope(CRO)

95. Cathode ray tube: CRO

96. Channel: CRO

97. Measurements with the cathode ray oscilloscope C

All topics not listed due to character limitations set by Google Play.

## Advanced Welding Technology

This unique Free application is for all students across the world. It covers 217 topics of Advanced Welding Technology in detail. These 217 topics are divided in 5 units.Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. INTRODUCTION OF WELDING

2. CONVENTIONAL WELDING PROCESSES

3. WELDING WITH PRESSURE

4. FUSION WELDING

5. INTRODUCTION TO ADVANCED PROCESS DEVELOPMENT TRENDS

6. SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS

7. AREAS FOR DEVELOPMENT OF WELDING PROCESSES

8. INTRODUCTION TO ENERGY SOURCES USED FOR FUSION WELDING

9. ENERGY-SOURCE INTENSITY

10. INTRODUCTION TO HEAT FLOW IN FUSION WELDING

11. MATHEMATICAL FORMULATIONS IN HEAT FLOW IN FUSION WELDING

12. PARAMETRIC EFFECTS OF HEAT FLOW IN FUSION WELDING

13. THERMO PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF SELECTED ENGINEERING MATERIALS

14. INTRODUCTION TO FLUID FLOW PHENOMENON DURING WELDING

15. GAS TUNGSTEN ARC WELDING

16. DEEP-PENETRATION ELECTRON BEAM AND LASER WELDS

17. GAS METAL ARC WELDING

18. Submerged Arc Welding

19. INTRODUCTION TO TRANSFER OF HEAT AND MASS TO THE BASE METAL IN GAS-METAL ARC WELDING

20. HEAT TRANSFER IN GAS-METAL ARC WELDING

21. PROCEDURE DEVELOPMENT TRANSFER OF HEAT AND MASS TO THE BASE METAL IN GAS-METAL ARC WELDING

22. INTRODUCTION TO ARC PHYSICS OF GAS-TUNGSTEN ARC WELDING

23. ELECTRODE REGIONS AND ARC COLUMN IN GTAW

24. ARC WELDING POWER SOURCES

25. POWER SOURCE SELECTION

26. PULSED POWER SUPPLIES

27. Resistance Welding Power Sources

28. ELECTRON-BEAM WELDING POWER SOURCES

29. INTRODUCTION TO WELD SOLIDIFICATION

30. COMPARISON OF CASTING AND WELDING SOLIDIFICATION

31. SOLIDIFICATION OF ALLOY WELDS (CONSTITUTIONALSUPERCOOLING)

32. DEVELOPMENT OF WELD MICROSTRUCTURES

33. EFFECT OF WELDING RATE ON WELD POOL SHAPE AND MICROSTRUCTURE

34. BRAZING

35. SOLDERING

36. PHYSICAL PRINCIPLES OF BRAZING

37. ELEMENTS OF THE BRAZING PROCESS

38. HEATING METHODS FOR BRAZING

39. INTRODUCTION TO FUNDAMENTALS OF SOLDERING

40. FUNDAMENTALS OF SOLDERING

41. GUIDELINES FOR FLUX SELECTION

42. TYPES OF FLUXES

43. JOINT DESIGN

44. PRECLEANING AND SURFACE PREPARATION

45. SOLDER APPLICATION

46. SOLDERING PROCESS PARAMETERS

47. SOLDERING EQUIPMENT

48. CHARACTERISTICS OF THE COMPONENTS OF A SHIELDING GAS BLEND

49. SHIELDING GAS SELECTION

50. BASIC POWER SOURCE REQUIREMENTS

51. CONVENTIONAL POWER SOURCE DESIGNS

52. DIFFUSION BONDING PROCESS

53. ELECTRONIC POWER REGULATION SYSTEMS

54. OUTPUT LEVEL, SEQUENCE AND FUNCTION CONTROL

55. MMAW CONSUMABLES

56. SUBMERGED ARC WELDING CONSUMABLES

57. FILLER WIRES FOR GMAW AND FCAW

58. INTRODUCTION TO FUNDAMENTALS OF FRICTION WELDING

59. DIRECT DRIVE WELDING

60. INERTIA-DRIVE WELDING

61. JOINING OF SIMILAR METALS

62. JOINING OF DISSIMILAR METALS

63. INTRODUCTION TO FUNDAMENTALS OF DIFFUSION BONDING

64. BONDING SURFACES CONTAINING OXIDES

65. MECHANISM OF DIFFUSION BONDING

66. BONDING PRACTICE

67. FLYER PLATE ACCELERATION

68. IMPACT ENERGY IN EXPLOSION WELDING

69. DYNAMIC BEND ANGLE AND MATERIAL PROPERTIES IN EXPLOSION WELDING

70. JET FORMATION IN EXPLOSION WELDING

71. SELECTION OF BONDING PARAMETERS

72. BOND MORPHOLOGY AND PROPERTIES

73. MICROSTRUCTURE OF INTERLAYER WELDS

74. TENSILE LOADING OF SOFT-INTERLAYER WELDS

75. THE SMAW PROCESS

76. APPLICATIONS OF SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING

77. ELECTRODES IN SMAW

78. WELD SCHEDULES AND PROCEDURES

79. VARIATIONS OF THE SMAW PROCESS

80. SPECIAL APPLICATIONS OF THE SMAW PROCESS

81. SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS IN SMAW

82. INTRODUCTION TO GAS-METAL ARC WELDING

83. PROCESS FUNDAMENTALS IN GMAW

All topics are not listed because of character limitations set by the Play Store.

## Refrigeration & ACs

This unique free application is for all students across the world. It covers 143 topics of Refrigeration and AirConditioning in detail. These 143 topics are divided in 4 units.Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. INTRODUCTION TO AIR-CONDITIONING SYSTEM

2. TYPES OF AIR-CONDITIONING SYSTEMS

3. CENTRAL SYSTEMS CLASSIFICATION

4. AIR-CONDITIONING PROJECT DEVELOPMENT AND SYSTEM DESIGN

5. DESIGN DOCUMENTS

6. PSYCHROMETRICS

7. PSYCHROMETRICS (MOIST AIR)

8. PSYCHROMETRICS (HUMIDITY AND ENTHALPY)

9. PSYCHROMETRICS (SPECIFIC HEAT)

10. PSYCHROMETRIC CHART

11. DETERMINING THE DEW-POINT TEMPERATURE OF A MOIST AIR SAMPLE

12. PSYCHROMETRICS CHARTS

13. PSYCHROMETRICS CHARTS (NUMERICAL PROBLEM)

14. AIR-CONDITIONING PROCESSES AND CYCLES

15. SPACE CONDITIONING, SENSIBLE COOLING, AND SENSIBLE HEATING PROCESSES

16. COOLING AND DEHUMIDIFYING PROCESS

17. HUMIDIFYING AND COOLING AND DEHUMIDIFYING PROCESSES

18. PSYCHROMETRICS (THERMODYNAMIC WET BULB TEMPERATURE AND WET BULB TEMPERATURE)

19. AIR-CONDITIONING CYCLE AND OPERATING MODES

20. BASIC AIR-CONDITIONING CYCLE - SUMMER MODE

21. DESIGN SUPPLY VOLUME FLOW RATE

22. BASIC AIR-CONDITIONING CYCLE - WINTER MODE

23. REFRIGERANTS AND REFRIGERATION CYCLES

24. REFRIGERANTS, COOLING MEDIUMS, AND ABSORBENTS

25. CLASSIFICATION OF REFRIGERANTS

26. CLASSIFICATION OF INORGANIC REFRIGERANTS COMPOUNDS

27. PROPERTIES OF REFRIGERANTS

28. IDEAL SINGLE-STAGE VAPOR COMPRESSION CYCLE REFRIGERATION PROCESS

29. REFRIGERATION PROCESSES IN AN IDEAL SINGLE-STAGE CYCLE

30. COEFFICIENT OF PERFORMANCE OF REFRIGERATION CYCLE

31. CASCADE SYSTEM CHARACTERISTICS

32. OUTDOOR DESIGN CONDITIONS AND INDOOR DESIGN CRITERIA

33. INDOOR DESIGN CRITERIA AND THERMAL COMFORT

34. INDOOR TEMPERATURE, RELATIVE HUMIDITY, AND AIR VELOCITY

35. INDOOR AIR QUALITY AND OUTDOOR VENTILATION AIR REQUIREMENTS

36. CONVECTIVE HEAT AND RADIATIVE HEAT

37. AIR HANDLING UNITS AND PACKAGED UNITS

38. PACKAGED UNITS

39. COILS USED IN REFRIGERATION

40. AIR FILTERS

41. REFRIGERATION COMPONENTS AND EVAPORATIVE COOLERS

42. RECIPROCATING/ SCROLL COMPRESSORS

43. ROTARY/ SCREW COMPRESSORS

44. CENTRIFUGAL COMPRESSORS

45. AIR-COOLED CONDENSERS

46. EVAPORATORS AND REFRIGERANT FLOW CONTROL DEVICES

47. REFRIGERATION AND AIR CONDITIONING INTRODUCTION

48. REFRIGERATION HISTORY

49. EVAPORATIVE COOLING

50. ARTIFICIAL REFRIGERATION

51. DOMESTIC REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS

52. AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEMS

53. VAPOUR ABSORPTION REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS

54. GAS CYCLE REFRIGERATION

55. STEAM JET REFRIGERATION SYSTEM

56. THERMOELECTRIC REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS

57. DEVELOPMENT OF REFRIGERANTS AND COMPRESSORS

58. RECIPROCATING/ SCROLL COMPRESSORS

59. ROTARY/ SCREW COMPRESSORS

60. CENTRIFUGAL COMPRESSORS

61. SPECIAL APPLICATIONS OF REFRIGERATION

62. APPLICATION OF REFRIGERATION IN FOOD PROCESSING/ CHEMICAL

63. APPLICATIONS OF REFRIGERATION & AIR CONDITIONING

64. FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES - THERMODYNAMICS

65. HEAT AND WORK

66. THERMODYNAMIC FUNCTIONS

67. FUNDAMENTAL LAWS OF THERMODYNAMICS

68. FIRST LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS

69. SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS

70. HEAT ENGINES

71. EFFICIENCY OF HEAT ENGINES

72. ENTROPY

73. THIRD LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS

74. THERMODYNAMIC RELATIONS

75. THERMODYNAMIC EQUATIONS

76. PROPERTIES OF PURE SUBSTANCE

77. T-S AND P-H DIAGRAMS FOR LIQUID-VAPOUR REGIME

78. PROPERTIES AT SATURATION/ ISOCHORIC PROCESS

79. ISOBARIC PROCESS/ ISOTHERMAL PROCESS

80. ADIABATIC PROCESS/ POLYTROPIC PROCESS

81. THROTTLING (ISENTHALPIC) PROCESS

82. FLUID FLOW IN REFRIGERATION

83. CONSERVATION OF MOMENTUM

All topics are not listed because of character limitations set by the Play Store.

## Electrical Instrumentation

This unique free application is for all students across the world. It covers 280 topics of Electrical Instrumentation and Process Control in detail. These 280 topics are divided in 5 units.Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. Introduction to AC Electricity

2. Circuits with R, L, and C

3. RC Filters

4. AC Bridges

5. Magnetic fields

6. Analog meter

7. Electromechanical devices

8. Introduction to Basic Electrical Components

9. Resistance

10. Capacitance

11. Inductance

12. Introduction to Electronics

13. Discrete amplifiers

14. Operational amplifiers

15. Current amplifiers

16. Differential amplifiers

17. Buffer amplifiers

18. Nonlinear amplifiers

19. Instrument amplifier

20. Amplifier applications

21. Digital Circuits

22. Digital signals & Binary numbers

23. Logic circuits

24. Analog-to-digital conversion

25. Circuit Considerations

26. Introduction to Process control

27. Process Control

28. Definitions of the Elements in a Control Loop

29. Process Facility Considerations

30. Units and Standards

31. Instrument Parameters

32. Introduction to Level

33. Level Formulas

34. Direct level sensing

35. Indirect level sensing

36. Application Considerations

37. Introduction to Pressure

38. Basic Terms

39. Pressure Measurement

40. Pressure Formulas

41. Manometers

42. Diaphragms, capsules, and bellows

43. Bourdon tubes

44. Other pressure sensors

45. Vacuum instruments

46. Application Considerations

47. Introduction to Actuators and Control

48. Pressure Controllers

49. Flow Control Actuators

50. Power Control

51. Magnetic control devices

52. Motors

53. Application Considerations

54. Introduction to flow

55. Flow Formulas of Continuity equation

56. Bernoulli equation

57. Flow losses

58. Flow Measurement Instruments of Flow rate

59. Total flow and Mass flow

60. Dry particulate flow rate and Open channel flow

61. Application Considerations

62. Humidity

63. Humidity measuring devices

64. Density and Specific Gravity

65. Density measuring devices

66. Viscosity

67. Viscosity measuring instruments

68. pH Measurements, pH measuring devices and pH application considerations

69. Position and Motion Sensing

70. Position and motion measuring devices

71. Force, Torque, and Load Cells

72. Force and torque measuring devices

73. Smoke and Chemical Sensors

74. Sound and Light

75. Sound and light measuring devices

76. Sound and light application considerations

77. Introduction to Signal Conditioning

78. Conditioning

79. Linearization

80. Temperature correction

81. Pneumatic Signal Conditioning

82. Visual Display Conditioning

83. Electrical Signal Conditioning

84. Strain gauge sensors

85. Capacitive sensors

86. Capacitive sensors

87. Magnetic sensors

88. Thermocouple sensors

89. Introduction to Temperature and Heat

90. Temperature definition

91. Heat definitions

92. Thermal expansion definitions

93. Temperature and Heat Formulas

94. Thermal expansion

95. Temperature Measuring Devices

96. Thermometers

97. Pressure-spring thermometers

98. Resistance temperature devices

99. Thermistors

100. Thermocouples

101. Semiconductors

102. Application Considerations

103. Installation, Calibration & Protection

104. System Documentation

105. Pipe and Identification Diagrams

106. Functional Symbols

107. P and ID Drawings

108. Introduction to Instrument types and performance characteristics

109. Active and passive instruments

110. Null-type and deflection-type instruments

111. Analogue and digital instruments

112. Indicating instruments and instruments with a signal output

All topics are not listed because of character limitations set by the Play Store.

## Satellite Communications

This unique free application is for all students across the world. It covers 179 topics of Satellite Communications in detail. These 179 topics are divided in 4 units.Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. Satellite Communications Segments

2. Satellite Link Parameters

3. Satellite Orbits

4. Frequency Band Designations

5. Regulatory Process for Satellite Communications

6. Application of satellite

7. Earth station

8. Characteristics of Earth Station

9. Feed System

10. Tracking System

11. Merits and Demerits of the Satellite Communication

12. Low noise amplifier

13. High-Power Amplifier

14. The Composite Link

15. Passive Satellites& Active Satellites

16. Receive-Only Home TV Systems

17. Link System Performance

18. Uplink

19. Downlink

20. Percent of Time Performance Specifications

21. Master Antenna TV System

22. Transmit-Receive Earth Stations

23. Community Antenna TV System

24. Direct Broadcast Satellite Services

25. MPEG Compression Standards for Digital Television

26. The Home Receiver Outdoor Unit (ODU) of DBS Services

27. Home Receiver Indoor Unit

28. FDM Telephony

29. Frequency Modulation

30. Noise weighting

31. Pre-emphasis and De-emphasis

32. Signal-to-noise ratio for TV/FM

33. Signal-to-Noise Ratio

34. Single-Sideband Telephony

35. S/N and bandwidth for FDM/FM telephony

36. The Telephone Channel

37. Bandwidth Requirements

38. BASEBAND FORMATTING

39. BASEBAND SIGNALS

40. Bit Timing Recovery

41. Carrier Recovery Circuits

42. Digital Carrier Systems

43. Digital modulation

44. Elements of a Digital Communication System

45. Interleaving

46. Time-Division Multiplexing

47. Transmission rate and bandwidth for PSK modulation

48. Satellite Multiple Access

49. Frequency Division Multiple Access

50. Spade System

51. TDMA

52. TDMA Capacity

53. Code Division Multiple Access

54. Satellite Switched TDMA

55. Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum

56. Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum

57. CDMA Processing Gain

58. CDMA Capacity

59. TDMA Frame Structure

60. Bandwidth-Limited and Power-Limited TWT Amplifier Operation

61. Carrier recovery

62. CDMA throughput

63. Comparison of uplink power requirements for FDMA and TDMA

64. Demand-Assigned FDMA

65. Demand-assigned TDMA

66. Digital TASI

67. Downlink analysis for digital transmission

68. Network synchronization

69. On-Board Signal Processing for FDMA/TDM

70. PCM/SCPC/PSK/FDMA

71. PCM/TDM/PSK/FDMA

72. Preassigned FDMA

73. Preassigned TDMA

74. Speech predictive encoded communications (SPEC)

75. Unique word detection

76. Satellite Orbits

77. Orbital Parameters

78. Geostationary Orbit

79. Low Earth Orbit

80. Medium Earth Orbit

81. Highly Elliptical Orbit

82. Geometry of GSO Links

83. Non-Geostationary Orbit (NGSO)

84. Satellite Subsystems

85. Satellite Bus

86. Power Subsystem

87. Attitude Control of Satellite Sub-System

88. Orbital Control of satellite

89. Thermal Control in Satellite

90. Tracking, Telemetry, Command, and Monitoring in satellite

91. Satellite Payload

92. Frequency Translation Transponder

93. On-board Processing Transponder

94. Antenna Subsystem in Satellite Payload

95. Satellite Mobile Services

96. VSATs

97. Radarsat

98. Global Positioning Satellite System (GPS)

99. Orbcomm

100. Broadband Satellite System

101. INMARSAT

102. INTELSAT

103. Military Satellite System

104. U.S. Domsats

105. Transmission Fundamentals

106. Antenna Gain

107. Circular Parabolic Reflector Antenna

108. Antenna Beam width

109. Free-Space Path Loss

110. Basic Link Equation for Received Power

111. System Noise

All topics are not listed because of character limitations set by the Play Store.

## Analog Electronic Circuits

This Free unique application is for all students across the world. It covers 147 topics of Analog Electronic Circuits in detail. These 147 topics are divided in 6 units.Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. Oscillators

2. Sinusoidal Oscillators

3. Oscillation through Positive feedback and Backhausen criterion

4. Sinusoidal Oscillators operating frequency

5. Harmonic Oscillator

6. The RC Phase Shift Oscillator

7. Transistor Phase Shift Oscillator

8. Wien Bridge Oscillator:

9. Wien Bridge Oscillator-Operation

10. Tuned Oscillator

11. The Colpitts Oscillator

12. Crystal Oscillator

13. Analog Inverter and Scale Changer

14. Inverting summer

15. Non-Inverting summer

16. Differential Amplifier:

17. OPAMP-Integrator

18. Voltage to current converter

19. OPAMP-Differentiator

20. Grounded Load

21. Current to voltage converter:

22. First Order Low Pass Filter:

23. Low pass filter with adjustable corner frequency

24. Second Order Low-Pass Butterworth filter

25. First Order High Pass Butterworth filter

26. Precision Diodes

27. Active Clippers

28. Active Half Wave Rectifier

29. Axis Shifting of the Half Wave Rectifier

30. OPAMP-Comparators

31. Schmitt Trigger

32. Non-inverting Schmitt trigger

33. Relaxation Oscillator

34. Triangular Wave Generator

35. Bridge Amplifier

36. AC Voltage Follower

37. DC Voltage Follower

38. Logarithmic amplifiers

39. Logarithmic amplifiers

40. Antilog Amplifier

41. Differential Amplifiers

42. Differential Amplifiers-D.C. Analysis.

43. Dual Input, Balanced Output Difference Amplifier.

44. A.C. Analysis-Differential Amplifier

45. Differential Input and output Resistance

46. Inverting & Non - inverting Inputs

47. Common mode Gain

48. Dual Input, Unbalanced Output Differential Amplifier

49. Differential amplifier with swamping resistors

50. Biasing of Differential Amplifiers-Constant Current Bias

51. Current Mirror Circuit

52. Operational amplifier

53. Level Translator

54. Parameters of OPAMP

55. Parameters of OPAMP-Gain Bandwidth Product, Slew Rate and Input Offset Voltage and Current Drift: :

56. Ideal OPAMP and Equivalent Circuit of OPAMP

57. Ideal Voltage Transfer Curve

58. Emitter Coupled Differential Amplifier

59. Open loop-Differential Amplifier

60. Inverting Amplifier

61. Non-inverting amplifier

62. Closed Loop Amplifier

63. Voltage series feedback

64. Input Resistance with Voltage series Feedback

65. Output Resistance with Voltage series Feedback

66. Output Offset Voltage

67. Voltage Follower

68. Voltage shunt Feedback

69. Input Resistance with Voltage Shunt Feedback

70. Output Resistance with Voltage Shunt Feedback

71. Bandwidth with Feedback

72. Non-linear Distortion Reduction

73. Introduction-Power Amplifiers

74. Amplifier Efficiency

75. Types of Coupling

76. Ranges of Frequency.

77. Two Load Lines

78. SERIES-FED CLASS A AMPLIFIER

79. Series-fed class A amplifier-AC operation

80. Series-fed class A amplifier-OUTPUT POWER

81. Series-fed class A amplifier-Efficiency and Maximum Efficiency

82. Emitter-Follower Power Amplifier

83. Transformer-coupled class A amplifier

84. Signal swing and output ac power-Transformer Coupled Power Amplifier

85. Efficiency and Maximum theoretical efficiency-Transformer Coupled Power Amplifier

86. Class B amplifier-Input (DC) Power and Output (AC) Power

87. Class B amplifier operation

88. Class B amplifier-Efficiency

89. Maximum Power Considerations

90. Class B amplifier circuits

91. Transformer-Coupled Push-Pull Circuits

All topics are not listed because of character limitations set by the Play Store.

## Civil Engineering Basics

This unique free application is for all students across the world. It covers 61 topics of the Basics of Civil Engineering in detail. These 61 topics are divided in 4 units.Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. Accuracy of angle measurement

2. PRECISION MEASURING INSTRUMENTS

3. Definition of horizontal and vertical angles

4. Linear Variable Differential Transformer (LVDT)

5. COMPARATORS

6. ELECTRICAL MEASURING DEVICES

7. Potentiometer

8. Micrometers

9. Height Gauge

10. Stick Micrometers

11. Inside Micrometer

12. Field of civil engineering and their scope

13. Impact of Infrastructural Development on the Economy of a Country

14. Role of Civil Engineers

15. Importance of Planning, Scheduling and Construction Management

16. Introduction of Surveying and levelling

17. Equipment

18. Levelling procedures

19. Object and Uses of Surveying

20. Primary Divisions of Surveying

21. NON-PRECISION MEASURING INSTRUMENTS

22. Firm Joint Type

23. Measuring angles and setting out angles

24. Types and uses of compass

25. Bearing

26. Magnetic Declination

27. INSTRUMENTS AND PROCEDURES

28. Procedure of Measuring Bearing with Prismatic Compass

29. CALCULATIONS OF BEARING AND INCLUDED ANGLES

30. PRECAUTIONS AND ERRORS IN COMPASS SURVEY

31. Sources of Error

32. Levelling

33. Object and Uses

34. Terms Used in Levelling

35. Leveling Instruments

36. Methods of Levelling

37. Use of a Planimeter

38. Introduction to Global Positioning System,

39. Remote Sensing and Geographic Information System

40. Technical Components of Remote Sensing

41. Remote Sensors

42. Types of Construction Materials

43. Properties and Importance of Civil Engineering Materials like Stone

44. Importance of Civil Engineering Materials like Bricks

45. Importance of Civil Engineering Materials like Lime

46. Importance of Civil Engineering Materials like Cement

47. Ferrous and Non Ferrous Metals

48. Ceramic Materials

49. Timber

50. Sand

51. Aggregates for Concrete

52. Mortar and Concrete

53. Paints

54. GLASS & GLAZING

55. Plastics

56. Watershed Development

57. Water Requirements and its Conservation

58. Basic Introduction of Hydraulic Structures of Storage (Only Dams),

59. Role of Transportation

60. Elements of Traffic Engineering and Traffic Control

61. BOT & BOOT Projects for Highways

## Artificial Intelligence

This unique free application is useful for all students of Artificial Intelligence across the world. It covers 142 topics of Artificial Intelligence in detail. These 142 topics are divided in 5 units. Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

The USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from any where they like.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. Turing test

2. Introduction to Artificial Intelligence

3. History of AI

4. The AI Cycle

5. Knowledge Representation

6. Typical AI problems

7. Limits of AI

8. Introduction to Agents

9. Agent Performance

10. Intelligent Agents

11. Structure Of Intelligent Agents

12. Types of agent program

13. Goal based Agents

14. Utility-based agents

15. Agents and environments

16. Agent architectures

17. Search for Solutions

18. State Spaces

19. Graph Searching

20. A Generic Searching Algorithm

21. Uninformed Search Strategies

22. Breadth-First Search

23. Heuristic Search

24. AÃ¢Ë†â€” Search

25. Search Tree

26. Depth first Search

27. Properties of Depth First Search

28. Bi-directional search

29. Search Graphs

30. Informed Search Strategies

31. Methods of Informed Search

32. Greedy Search

33. Proof of Admissibility of A*

34. Properties of Heuristics

35. Iterative-Deepening A*

36. Other Memory limited heuristic search

37. N-Queens eample

38. Adversarial Search

39. Genetic Algorithms

40. Games

41. Optimal decisions in Games

42. minimax algorithm

43. Alpha Beta Pruning

44. Backtracking

45. Consistency Driven Techniques

46. Path Consistency (K-Consistency)

47. Look Ahead

48. Propositional Logic

49. Syntax of Propositional Calculus

50. Knowledge Representation and Reasoning

51. Propositional Logic Inference

52. Propositional Definite Clauses

53. Knowledge-Level Debugging

54. Rules of Inference

55. Soundness and Completeness

56. First Order Logic

57. Unification

58. Semantics

59. Herbrand Universe

60. Soundness, Completeness, Consistency, Satisfiability

61. Resolution

62. Herbrand Revisited

63. Proof as Search

64. Some Proof Strategies

65. Non-Monotonic Reasoning

66. Truth Maintenance Systems

67. Rule Based Systems

68. Pure Prolog

69. Forward chaining

70. backward Chaining

71. Choice between forward and backward chaining

72. AND/OR Trees

73. Hidden Markov Model

74. Bayesian networks

75. Learning Issues

76. Supervised Learning

77. Decision Trees

78. Knowledge Representation Formalisms

79. Semantic Networks

80. Inference in a Semantic Net

81. Extending Semantic Nets

82. Frames

83. Slots as Objects

84. Interpreting frames

85. Introduction to Planning

86. Problem Solving vs. Planning

87. Logic Based Planning

88. Planning Systems

89. Planning as Search

90. Situation-Space Planning Algorithms

91. Partial-Order Planning

92. Plan-Space Planning Algorithms

93. Interleaving vs. Non-Interleaving of Sub-Plan Steps

94. Simple Sock/Shoe Example

95. Probabilistic Reasoning

96. Review of Probability Theory

97. Semantics of Bayesian Networks

98. Introduction to Learning

99. Taxonomy of Learning Systems

100. Mathematical formulation of the inductive learning problem

101. Concept Learning

102. Concept Learning as Search

103. Algorithm to Find a Maximally-Specific Hypothesis

104. Candidate Elimination Algorithm

105. The Candidate-Elimination Algorithm

106. Decision Tree Construction

107. Splitting Functions

108. Decision Tree Pruning

109. Neural Networks

110. Artificial Neural Networks

111. Perceptron

112. Perceptron Learning

113. Multi-Layer Perceptrons

114. Back-Propagation Algorithm

115. Statistical learning

All topics not listed here because of character limit set by Play Store

## Material Science

This unique free application is for all students across the world. It covers 143 topics of Material Science in detail. These 143 topics are divided in 3 units.Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE OF MATERIALS

2. ENGINEERING REQUIREMENTS OF MATERIALS

3. Classification of engineering materials

4. Organic and inorganic materials

5. Semiconductors

6. Biomaterials

7. CURRENT TRENDS AND ADVANCES IN MATERIALS

8. Advanced materials

9. Smart materials (materials of the future)

10. Nanostructured materials and nanotechnology

11. Quantum dots

12. Spintronics

13. Level of material structure examination and observation

14. Material structure

15. Engineering metallurgy

16. Selection of the materials

17. Atomic concepts in physics and chemistry

18. Atomic Structure: FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS

19. Atomic Structure: FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS

20. ELECTRONS IN ATOMS

21. THE PERIODIC TABLE

22. BONDING FORCES AND ENERGIES

23. Ionic Bonding

24. Covalent Bonding

25. Metallic Bonding

26. SECONDARY BONDING OR VAN DER WAALS BONDING

27. Crystal Structures: FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS

28. The Face-Centered Cubic Crystal Structure

29. The Body-Centered Cubic Crystal Structure

30. The Hexagonal Close-Packed Crystal Structure

31. CRYSTALLOGRAPHIC PLANES

32. CRYSTAL SYSTEMS

33. POINT COORDINATES

34. CRYSTALLOGRAPHIC DIRECTIONS

35. Hexagonal Crystals

36. Atomic Arrangements

37. CLOSE-PACKED CRYSTAL STRUCTURES

38. VACANCIES AND SELF-INTERSTITIALS

39. IMPURITIES IN SOLIDS

40. DISLOCATIONS - LINEAR DEFECTS

41. INTERFACIAL DEFECTS

42. Microscopic Examination

43. Optical Microscopy

44. Electron Microscopy

45. GRAIN SIZE DETERMINATION

46. Introduction to mechanical properties

47. CONCEPTS OF STRESS AND STRAIN

48. Compression Tests

49. STRESS-STRAIN BEHAVIOR

50. ANELASTICITY

51. ELASTIC PROPERTIES OF MATERIALS

52. Plastic Deformation

53. Yielding and Yield Strength

54. Tensile Strength

55. Ductility

56. Resilience

57. Toughness

58. TRUE STRESS AND STRAIN

59. ELASTIC RECOVERY AFTER PLASTIC DEFORMATION

60. HARDNESS

61. Rockwell Hardness Tests

62. Brinell Hardness Tests

63. Knoop and Vickers Microindentation Hardness Tests

64. Hardness Conversion

65. Correlation Between Hardness and Tensile Strength

66. VARIABILITY OF MATERIAL PROPERTIES

67. Computation of Average and Standard Deviation Values

68. DESIGN/SAFETY FACTORS

69. Phase diagrams-introduction

70. SOLUBILITY LIMIT

71. PHASES

72. PHASE EQUILIBRIA

73. ONE-COMPONENT (OR UNARY) PHASE DIAGRAMS

74. Binary Phase Diagrams

75. BINARY ISOMORPHOUS SYSTEMS

76. Determination of Phase Compositions

77. Determination of Phase Amounts

78. Equilibrium Cooling

79. Nonequilibrium Cooling

80. MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF ISOMORPHOUS ALLOYS

81. BINARY EUTECTIC SYSTEMS

82. DEVELOPMENT OF MICROSTRUCTURE IN EUTECTIC ALLOYS

83. EQUILIBRIUM DIAGRAMS HAVING INTERMEDIATE PHASES OR COMPOUNDS

84. EUTECTOID AND PERITECTIC REACTIONS

85. CONGRUENT PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS

86. THE GIBBS PHASE RULE

87. THE IRON-IRON CARBIDE (Fe-Fe3C) PHASE DIAGRAM

88. DEVELOPMENT OF MICROSTRUCTURE IN IRON-CARBON ALLOYS

89. Hypoeutectoid Alloys

90. Hypereutectoid Alloys

91. THE INFLUENCE OF OTHER ALLOYING ELEMENTS

92. FERROUS ALLOYS

93. Low-Carbon Steels

94. Medium-Carbon Steels

95. High-Carbon Steels

96. Stainless Steels

97. Cast Irons

98. Gray Iron

99. Ductile (or Nodular) Iron

All topics are not listed because of character limitations set by the Play Store.

## Cryptography | Comp Sc Engg

This ultimate free unique application is for all students of Computer Science Engineering studying Cryptography across the world. It covers 160 topics of Cryptography in detail. These 160 topics are divided in 4 units. Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

The USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from any where they like.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1) Basics of Cryptography

2) Conventional cryptography

3) Key management and conventional encryption

4) Keys

5) Pretty Good Privacy

6) Digital signatures

7) Digital certificates

8) The OSI Security Architecture

9) Network Security

10) Types of attacks

11) Denial of service attack

12) Smurf Attack

13) Distributed Denial of Service Attacks

14) Security Mechanism

15) A Model for Network Security

16) Symmetric Ciphers

17) Classical SubstitutionTechniques

18) Classical Transposition Techniques

19) Rotor Machines

20) Steganography

21) Block Cipher Principles

22) The Data Encryption Standard

23) Differential Cryptanalysis Attack

24) Cipher and Reverse Cipher

25) Security of DES

26) The Strength of DES

27) Differential and Linear Cryptanalysis

28) Block Cipher Design Principles

29) Finite Fields

30) The Euclidean Algorithm

31) Finite Fields of The Form GF(p)

32) Polynomial Arithmetic

33) Finite Fields Of the Form GF(2n)

34) The AES Cipher

35) Substitute Bytes Transformation

36) Evaluation Criteria For AES

37) ShiftRows Transformation

38) AddRoundKey Transformation

39) AES Key Expansion Algorithm

40) Equivalent Inverse Cipher

41) Multiple Encryption and Triple DES

42) Triple DES with Two Keys

43) Block Cipher Modes of Operation

44) Cipher Feedback Mode

45) Output Feedback Mode

46) Counter Mode

47) Stream Ciphers

48) The RC4 Algorithm

49) Random Number Generation

50) Pseudorandom Number Generators

51) Linear Congruential Generators

52) Cryptographically Generated Random Numbers

53) Blum BlumShub Generator

54) True Random Number Generators

55) Key Hierarchy

56) Key Distribution Centre

57) Transparent Key Control Scheme

58) Controlling Key Usage

59) Confidentiality Using Symmetric Encryption

60) Link versus End-to-End Encryption

61) Key Distribution

62) Traffic Confidentiality

63) Prime Numbers

64) Fermat\\\'s and Euler\\\'s Theorems

65) Testing for Primality

66) The Chinese Remainder Theorem

67) Discrete Logarithms

68) Principles of Public-Key Cryptosystems

69) RSA Algorithm

70) Optimal Asymmetric Encryption Padding

71) Key Management

72) Distribution of Secret Keys Using Public-Key Cryptography

73) Diffie-Hellman Key Exchange

74) Example of Deffie Hellman algorithm

75) Key Exchange Protocols

76) Man in the Middle Attack

77) Elliptic Curve Arithmetic

78) Elliptic Curves over Real Numbers

79) Elliptic Curves over Zp

80) Elliptic Curve Cryptography

81) Elliptic Curve Encryption/Decryption

82) Security of Elliptic Curve Cryptography

83) Authentication Requirements

84) Authentication Functions

85) Message Authentication Codes

86) Security of Hash Functions and Macs

87) Secure Hashing Algorithm

88) Whirlpool

89) Whirlpool Hash Structure

90) Block Cipher W

91) The Nonlinear Layer SB

92) HMAC

93) CMAC

94) Digital signatures

95) Direct Digital Signature

96) Arbitrated Digital Signature

97) Authentication Protocols

98) Digital Signature Standard

99) The Digital Signature Algorithm

100) Kerberos

101) Kerberos Version 4

102) Kerberos Version 5

103) Kerberos Realms and Multiple Kerberi

104) X.509 Authentication Service

105) Obtaining a User\'s Certificate

106) Revocation of Certificates

107) Authentication Procedures

108) X.509 Version 3

109) Public-Key Infrastructure

110) Pretty Good Privacy

All topics are not listed due to character limitations imposed by Google Play Store.

## Quality Control Engineering

This unique free application is for all students across the world. It covers 86 topics of Quality Control in detail. These 86 topics are divided in 5 units.Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. Quality Improvement and Statistics

2. Statistical Quality and Process Control

3. Control Charts

4. Charts for Variable such as (X,R charts)

5. Charts for Attributes such as (P,C charts)

6. Use of Control Charts

7. Process Capability Analysis

8. Principle of acceptance sampling

9. Producer’s and consumer’s risk and Average outgoing quality

10. Sampling Error

11. Single Sampling Plan

12. Sampling Plans

13. Double Sampling Plan

14. Sequential Sampling Plan

15. Acceptance sampling attributes

16. Acceptance sampling by variable

17. Difference between attribute and variable sampling plans

18. Introduction to Reliability

19. Product Life Cycle Curve or Bath tub curve

20. Relationship between the failure rate and the mean time between failures

21. Systems Reliability (Series & Parallel System)

22. Implications for Design

23. Redundancy in Reliability

24. Reliability based design

25. Introduction of Value Analysis

26. Defining Cost and Value

27. The Focus of Value Analysis

28. Use of Value Analysis (Within the business & Market induced Reasons)

29. Types Of Value Analysis

30. Related Tools and Techniques of Value Analysis

31. Application of Value Analysis

32. Basic Concept of TQM

33. Difference Between Quality Assurance And Quality Control

34. Implementation of TQM

35. Introduction of Implementation of TQM

36. Quality Assurance in TQM

37. Quality Control points- Introduction

38. Quality Management in TQM

39. Introduction to Total Quality Management

40. Historical evolution of Total Quality Management

41. Zero Defects in TQM

42. Introduction to Taguchi method

43. History of Six Sigma

44. Defination of Six Sigma

45. Concept of Sig Sigma

46. Introduction of ISO 9000

47. ISO 9000 Standard Series

48. Historical Background: The Concept of Quality Circle

49. Introduction of Quality Circle

50. Organizational Structure of Quality Circle

51. Material Quality Control

52. Diagnostic Techniques Introduction

53. Thomson, Rayleigh and Raman scattering

54. Diode laser absorption

55. (Ta)LIF

56. Absolute intensities of spectral lines

57. Spectral Line Broadening

58. Continuum radiation and Power Interruption

59. Introduction to Condition Monitoring

60. Introduction to Condition Monitoring Techniques

61. Mean Time Between Failures (MTBF)

62. Objectives of Inspection and types of Inspection

63. Stages of Inspection

64. Inspection Procedures

65. Methods of Inspection and its Drawbacks

66. Introduction of Quality and Quality Control

67. Quality Characteristics

68. Total Quality Control

69. Process capability Introduction

70. Definitions and Process Capability Study Steps

71. Process Capability and Calculating Process Capability Indices

72. Accuracy and Precision

73. Types of Fits

74. Types of Tolerances

75. Standard Tolerances

76. Selection of Fits

77. Systems of Fit (Hole and Shaft Basis)

78. Limits

79. Non Destructive Testing (NDT)

80. Non destructive Evaluation (NDE) Techniques

81. Types of Gauges

82. Interchangeability Introduction

83. Types of Interchangeability

84. Standardisation and its Types

85. Accuracy versus Precision

86. Design for Maintainability

All topics are not listed because of character limitations set by the Play Store.

## Power Plant Engineering

This unique free application is for all students across the world. It covers 232 topics of Power Plant Engineering in detail. These 232 topics are divided in 5 units.Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. FUEL SYSTEM OF THE DIESEL POWER PLANT

2. INTRODUCTION TO POWER PLANT

3. POWER

4. ENERGY

5. SOURCES OF ENERGY

6. REVIEW OF THERMODYNAMIC CYCLES RELATED TO POWER PLANT

7. CARNOT CYCLE

8. RANKINE CYCLE

9. EFFICIENCY OF THE RANKINE CYCLE

10. REHEAT CYCLE

11. REGENERATIVE CYCLE

12. BINARY VAPOUR CYCLE

13. EFFICIENCY OF BINARY VAPOUR POWER CYCLE

14. REHEAT REGENERATIVE CYCLE

15. INDIAN ENERGY SCENARIO

16. COAL ANALYSIS

17. STEAM POWER PLANT

18. NUCLEAR POWER PLANT

19. DIESEL POWER PLANT

20. FUELS AND COMBUSTION

21. STEAM GENERATORS

22. STEAM PRIME MOVERS

23. STEAM CONDENSERS

24. SURFACE CONDENSERS

25. JET CONDENSERS

26. TYPES OF JET CONDENSERS

27. HYDRAULIC TURBINES

28. IMPULSE AND REACTION TURBINES

29. SCIENCE VERSUS TECHNOLOGY

30. SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

31. SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY INFRASTRUCTURE

32. FACTS VERSUS VALUES

33. ATOMIC ENERGY

34. HIGHLIGHTS OF THE NUCLEAR POWER PROGRAMME

35. NUCLEAR POWER CORPORATION OF INDIA LIMITED

36. OCEAN ENGINEERING APPLICATIONS

37. INTRODUCTION OF STEAM POWER PLANT

38. STEAM POWER STATION DESIGN

39. COAL HANDLING

40. DEWATERING OF COAL

41. ESSENTIALS OF STEAM POWER PLANT EQUIPMENT

42. TYPES OF FUEL BURNING SURFACES

43. METHOD OF FUEL FIRING

44. AUTOMATIC BOILER CONTROL

45. PULVERIZED COAL

46. BALL MILL

47. BALL AND RACE MILL

48. SHAFT MILL

49. PULVERISED COAL FIRING

50. CYCLONE FIRED BOILERS

51. WATER WALLS

52. ASH DISPOSAL

53. ASH HANDLING EQUIPMENT

54. SMOKE AND DUST REMOVAL

55. TYPES OF THE DUST COLLECTOR

56. FLY ASH SCRUBBER

57. FLUIDISED BED COMBUSTION

58. TYPES OF FBC SYSTEMS

59. INTRODUCTION OF STEAM GENERATOR

60. CLASSIFICATION OF THE BOILERS

61. COCHRAN BOILER

62. LANCASHIRE BOILERS

63. LOCOMOTIVE BOILER

64. BABCOCK WILCOX BOILER

65. INDUSTRIAL BOILERS

66. MERITS AND DEMERITS OF WATER TUBE BOILERS OVER FIRE TUBE BOILERS MERITS

67. REQUIREMENTS OF A GOOD BOILER

68. LA MONT BOILER

69. BENSON BOILER

70. LOEFFLER BOILER

71. SCHMIDT-HARTMANN BOILER

72. VELOX-BOILER

73. CLASSIFICATION OF STEAM TURBINE

74. THE SIMPLE IMPULSE TURBINE

75. COMPOUNDING OF IMPULSE TURBINE

76. PRESSURE COMPOUNDED IMPULSE TURBINE

77. SIMPLE VELOCITY-COMPOUNDED IMPULSE TURBINE

78. PRESSURE AND VELOCITY COMPOUNDED IMPULSE TURBINE

79. IMPULSE-REACTION TURBINE

80. ADVANTAGES OF STEAM TURBINE OVER STEAM ENGINE

81. STEAM TURBINE GOVERNING

82. STEAM TURBINE PERFORMANCE

83. STEAM TURBINE TESTING

84. STEAM TURBINE CAPACITY AND CAPABILITY

85. STEAM TURBINE GENERATORS

86. STEAM TURBINE SPECIFICATIONS

87. INTRODUCTION OF NUCLEAR POWER PLANT

88. STRUCTURE OF ATOM

89. LAYOUT OF NUCLEAR POWER PLANT

90. NUCLEAR WASTE DISPOSAL

91. SITE SELECTION OF NUCLEAR POWER PLANT

92. PERFORMANCE OF NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS

93. NUCLEAR STABILITY

94. NUCLEAR BINDING ENERGY

95. NUCLEAR FISSION

96. NUCLEAR REACTORS

97. NUCLEAR CHAIN REACTION

98. ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF NUCLEAR POWER PLANT

99. NEUTRON LIFE CYCLE

All topics are not listed because of character limitations set by the Play Store.

## Electrical System Design

This unique free application is for all students across the world. It covers 113 topics of Electrical System Design and Estimation in detail. These 113 topics are divided in 6 units.Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. Types of lighting schemes

2. Electrical Symbols

3. Lists of Electrical symbols

4. Salient Features of Electricity Act, 2003

5. Consequences of Electricity Act, 2003

6. Indian Electricity Rules (1956)

7. General safety precautions

8. Role and Scope of National Electric Code

9. Components of National electric code

10. Classification of Supply Systems - TT system

11. Classification of Supply Systems - TN system

12. Classification of Supply Systems - IT system

13. Selection criteria for the TT, TN and IT systems

14. Load break switches

15. Switch Fuse Units & Fuse Switches

16. Circuit Breakers - MCB

17. Circuit Breakers - MCB Selection & Characteristics

18. Circuit Breakers - RCCB

19. Circuit Breakers - MCCB

20. Circuit Breakers - ELCB

21. Circuit Breakers - Voltage Base ELCB

22. Circuit Breakers - Current-operated ELCB

23. Circuit Breakers - ACB

24. Operation of ACB

25. Air Blast Circuit Breaker

26. Different Types of Air Blast Circuit Breaker

27. Circuit Breakers - OCB

28. Bulk Oil Circuit Breaker

29. Single & Double Break Bulk Oil Circuit Breaker

30. Circuit Breakers - Minimum Oil

31. Circuit breakers - VCB

32. Electrical Switchgear

33. SF6 Circuit Breaker

34. Types and Working of SF6 Circuit Breaker

35. Vacuum Arc or Arc in Vacuum

36. Different types of fuses

37. Protection against over load

38. Delay curves

39. Service connections

40. Electrical Diagrams

41. Methods for representation for wiring diagrams

42. Systems of House Wiring

43. Neutral and earth wire

44. Load Factor for Electrical Installations

45. Earth bus- Design of earthing systems

46. Demand Factor for electrical installations

47. Diversity Factor for electrical installations

48. Utilization factor & Maximum Demand for electrical installations

49. Coincidence factor for electrical installations

50. Demand Factor & Load Factor according to Type of Buildings

51. Design of LT panels

52. Current Rating of single core XLPE Un-armoured INSULATED Cables

53. Current Rating of single core XLPE Armoured INSULATED Cables

54. Current Rating of Two core XLPE Un-armoured INSULATED Cables

55. Current Rating of Two core XLPE Armoured INSULATED Cables

56. Current Rating of Three core XLPE Un-Armoured Insulated Cables

57. Current Rating of Three core XLPE Armoured INSULATED Cables

58. Current Rating of Three & Half core XLPE Un-Armoured INSULATED Cables

59. Current Rating of Three & Half core XLPE Armoured INSULATED Cables

60. Current Rating of Four core XLPE Un-Armoured INSULATED Cables

61. Current Rating of Four core XLPE Armoured INSULATED Cables

62. Qualities of good lighting schemes

63. Luminous flux

64. Luminous intensity

65. Illuminance

66. Luminance

67. Reflection and Reflection Factor

68. Laws of illumination

69. Necessity of Illumination

70. Photometry & Luminaire

71. Photometric Bench

72. Incandescent Lamps

73. Characteristics of Incandescent Lamps

74. Discharge Lamps

75. Mercury Vapor Lamp

76. Sodium Vapor Lamp

77. Fluorescent Lamp

78. Luminaries in Illumination Schemes

79. Mounting of Luminaries

80. Glare

81. Evaluation of Glare

82. Color

83. Color Specification Systems - Munsell system

84. Color Specification Systems

85. Interior Lighting

86. Trends and finishing of Interior Lightning

87. Sports Lighting

All topics are not listed because of character limitations set by the Play Store.

## Basics of Electronic Devices

This unique free application is for all students across the world. It covers 141 topics of Fundamentals of Electronics Devices in detail. These 141 topics are divided in 5 units.Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. Transient and a-c conditions: time variation of stored charge

2. Photodiode

3. P-N-P-N diode

4. Semiconductor Controlled Rectifier

5. Light Emitting Diode

6. Tunnel Diode

7. TRIAC

8. DIAC

9. Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor

10. GUNN diode- Basic Principle

11. GUNN diode-The Transferred Electron Mechanism

12. PNPN diode- Forward Blocking & conducting mode

13. Solar Cell- Working Principle

14. Solar Cell- I-V Characterstics

15. Rectifiers

16. The Breakdown Diode

17. Photodetectors

18. Photodiode Equations

19. PIN PHOTODIODE

20. Avalanche Photodiode

21. Light Emitting Materials

22. IMPATT diode

23. IMPATT diode operation

24. Semiconductor lasers

25. Semiconductor lasers- Under forward biased

26. Heterojunction Lasers Operation

27. Metal semiconductor field effect transistors (MESFET)

28. MESFET- The High Electron Mobility Transistor (HEMT)

29. The Metal Insulator Semiconductor FET (MISFET)

30. MISFET under different operating condition

31. The Ideal MOS Capacitor

32. MOSFET: Effects of Real Surfaces

33. MOSFET: Interface Charge

34. MOSFET: Threshold Voltage

35. MOS Capacitance Voltage Analysis

36. MOSFET: Time-Dependent Capacitance Measurements

37. Current-Voltage Characteristics of MOS Gate Oxides

38. The MOSFET

39. MOSFET: Output Characteristics

40. Conductance and Transconductance of the MOSFET

41. MOSFET: Transfer Characteristics

42. MOSFET: Mobility Models

43. MOSFET: Effective transverse field

44. Short Channel MOSFET l-V Characteristics

45. MOSFET: Control of Threshold Voltage

46. MOSFET: Threshold Adjustment by Ion Implantation

47. MOSFET: Substrate Bias Effects

48. MOSFET: Sub threshold Characteristics

49. Equivalent Circuit for the MOSFET

50. MOSFET Scaling and Short channel effect

51. MOSFET: Hot carrier effects

52. MOSFET: Drain-Induced Barrier Lowering

53. Short Channel Effect and Narrow Width Effect of MOSFET

54. Gate-Induced Drain Leakage in MOSFET

55. FUNDAMENTALS OF BJT OPERATION

56. BJT: Summary of hole and electron flow in a transistor

57. FUNDAMENTALS OF BJT OPERATION: PN junction

58. AMPLIFICATION WITH BJTS

59. EQUILIBRIUM CONDITIONS: The Contact Potential

60. Equilibrium Fermi Levels

61. Space Charge at a Junction

62. OPTICAL ABSORPTION

63. OPTICAL ABSORPTION EXPERIMENT

64. LUMINESCENCE

65. Photoluminescence

66. Carrier Lifetime And Photoconductivity: direct recombination

67. Indirect Recombination: Trapping

68. Steady State Carrier Generation: Quasi-Fermi Levels

69. Photoconductive Devices

70. DIFFUSION OF CARRIERS: Diffusion Processes

71. Diffusion and Drift of Carriers: Built-in Fields

72. The Einstein Relation

73. The Continuity Equation

74. Steady State Carrier Injection and Diffusion Length

75. The Haynes-Shockley Experiment

76. Gaussian distribution

77. Gradients in the Quasi-Fermi Levels

78. SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIALS

79. CRYSTAL LATTICES: Periodic Structures

80. Cubic Lattices Structures

81. Planes and Directions: Miller indices

82. The Diamond Lattice

83. Bonding Forces in Solids

84. Energy Bands

85. Linear combinations of the individual atomic orbitals (LCAO)

86. Metals, Semiconductors, and Insulators

87. Direct and Indirect Semiconductors

88. Variation of Energy Bands with Alloy Composition

89. Charge Carriers In Semiconductors: Electrons and Holes

All topics are not listed because of character limitations set by the Play Store.