Basics of Electronic Devices-I

faadooengineers.com

- April 15, 2013

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# Description

This ultimate unique application is for all students across the world. It covers 141 topics of Fundamentals of Electronics Devices in detail. These 141 topics are divided in 5 units.

Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. Transient and a-c conditions: time variation of stored charge

2. Photodiode

3. P-N-P-N diode

4. Semiconductor Controlled Rectifier

5. Light Emitting Diode

6. Tunnel Diode

7. TRIAC

8. DIAC

9. Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor

10. GUNN diode- Basic Principle

11. GUNN diode-The Transferred Electron Mechanism

12. PNPN diode- Forward Blocking & conducting mode

13. Solar Cell- Working Principle

14. Solar Cell- I-V Characterstics

15. Rectifiers

16. The Breakdown Diode

17. Photodetectors

18. Photodiode Equations

19. PIN PHOTODIODE

20. Avalanche Photodiode

21. Light Emitting Materials

22. IMPATT diode

23. IMPATT diode operation

24. Semiconductor lasers

25. Semiconductor lasers- Under forward biased

26. Heterojunction Lasers Operation

27. Metal semiconductor field effect transistors (MESFET)

28. MESFET- The High Electron Mobility Transistor (HEMT)

29. The Metal Insulator Semiconductor FET (MISFET)

30. MISFET under different operating condition

31. The Ideal MOS Capacitor

32. MOSFET: Effects of Real Surfaces

33. MOSFET: Interface Charge

34. MOSFET: Threshold Voltage

35. MOS Capacitance Voltage Analysis

36. MOSFET: Time-Dependent Capacitance Measurements

37. Current-Voltage Characteristics of MOS Gate Oxides

38. The MOSFET

39. MOSFET: Output Characteristics

40. Conductance and Transconductance of the MOSFET

41. MOSFET: Transfer Characteristics

42. MOSFET: Mobility Models

43. MOSFET: Effective transverse field

44. Short Channel MOSFET l-V Characteristics

45. MOSFET: Control of Threshold Voltage

46. MOSFET: Threshold Adjustment by Ion Implantation

47. MOSFET: Substrate Bias Effects

48. MOSFET: Sub threshold Characteristics

49. Equivalent Circuit for the MOSFET

50. MOSFET Scaling and Short channel effect

51. MOSFET: Hot carrier effects

52. MOSFET: Drain-Induced Barrier Lowering

53. Short Channel Effect and Narrow Width Effect of MOSFET

54. Gate-Induced Drain Leakage in MOSFET

55. FUNDAMENTALS OF BJT OPERATION

56. BJT: Summary of hole and electron flow in a transistor

57. FUNDAMENTALS OF BJT OPERATION: PN junction

58. AMPLIFICATION WITH BJTS

59. EQUILIBRIUM CONDITIONS: The Contact Potential

60. Equilibrium Fermi Levels

61. Space Charge at a Junction

62. OPTICAL ABSORPTION

63. OPTICAL ABSORPTION EXPERIMENT

64. LUMINESCENCE

65. Photoluminescence

66. Carrier Lifetime And Photoconductivity: direct recombination

67. Indirect Recombination: Trapping

68. Steady State Carrier Generation: Quasi-Fermi Levels

69. Photoconductive Devices

70. DIFFUSION OF CARRIERS: Diffusion Processes

71. Diffusion and Drift of Carriers: Built-in Fields

72. The Einstein Relation

73. The Continuity Equation

74. Steady State Carrier Injection and Diffusion Length

75. The Haynes-Shockley Experiment

76. Gaussian distribution

77. Gradients in the Quasi-Fermi Levels

78. SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIALS

79. CRYSTAL LATTICES: Periodic Structures

80. Cubic Lattices Structures

81. Planes and Directions: Miller indices

82. The Diamond Lattice

83. Bonding Forces in Solids

84. Energy Bands

85. Linear combinations of the individual atomic orbitals (LCAO)

86. Metals, Semiconductors, and Insulators

87. Direct and Indirect Semiconductors

88. Variation of Energy Bands with Alloy Composition

89. Charge Carriers In Semiconductors: Electrons and Holes

All topics are not listed because of character limitations set by the Play Store.

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# Additional information

Updated

April 15, 2013

Size

2.1M

Installs

10 - 50

Current Version

1

Requires Android

2.2 and up

Content Rating

Everyone

Permissions

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faadooengineers.com

Developer

Visit Website Email apps@faadooengineers.com Privacy Policy

ATMC,1497,3rd Floor,Bhardwaj Bhawan
Wazir Nagar,Kotla Mubarkpur
New Delhi
India
Pin Code: 110003

# Similar

## Basics of Electronic Devices

This unique free application is for all students across the world. It covers 141 topics of Fundamentals of Electronics Devices in detail. These 141 topics are divided in 5 units.

Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. Transient and a-c conditions: time variation of stored charge

2. Photodiode

3. P-N-P-N diode

4. Semiconductor Controlled Rectifier

5. Light Emitting Diode

6. Tunnel Diode

7. TRIAC

8. DIAC

9. Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor

10. GUNN diode- Basic Principle

11. GUNN diode-The Transferred Electron Mechanism

12. PNPN diode- Forward Blocking & conducting mode

13. Solar Cell- Working Principle

14. Solar Cell- I-V Characterstics

15. Rectifiers

16. The Breakdown Diode

17. Photodetectors

18. Photodiode Equations

19. PIN PHOTODIODE

20. Avalanche Photodiode

21. Light Emitting Materials

22. IMPATT diode

23. IMPATT diode operation

24. Semiconductor lasers

25. Semiconductor lasers- Under forward biased

26. Heterojunction Lasers Operation

27. Metal semiconductor field effect transistors (MESFET)

28. MESFET- The High Electron Mobility Transistor (HEMT)

29. The Metal Insulator Semiconductor FET (MISFET)

30. MISFET under different operating condition

31. The Ideal MOS Capacitor

32. MOSFET: Effects of Real Surfaces

33. MOSFET: Interface Charge

34. MOSFET: Threshold Voltage

35. MOS Capacitance Voltage Analysis

36. MOSFET: Time-Dependent Capacitance Measurements

37. Current-Voltage Characteristics of MOS Gate Oxides

38. The MOSFET

39. MOSFET: Output Characteristics

40. Conductance and Transconductance of the MOSFET

41. MOSFET: Transfer Characteristics

42. MOSFET: Mobility Models

43. MOSFET: Effective transverse field

44. Short Channel MOSFET l-V Characteristics

45. MOSFET: Control of Threshold Voltage

46. MOSFET: Threshold Adjustment by Ion Implantation

47. MOSFET: Substrate Bias Effects

48. MOSFET: Sub threshold Characteristics

49. Equivalent Circuit for the MOSFET

50. MOSFET Scaling and Short channel effect

51. MOSFET: Hot carrier effects

52. MOSFET: Drain-Induced Barrier Lowering

53. Short Channel Effect and Narrow Width Effect of MOSFET

54. Gate-Induced Drain Leakage in MOSFET

55. FUNDAMENTALS OF BJT OPERATION

56. BJT: Summary of hole and electron flow in a transistor

57. FUNDAMENTALS OF BJT OPERATION: PN junction

58. AMPLIFICATION WITH BJTS

59. EQUILIBRIUM CONDITIONS: The Contact Potential

60. Equilibrium Fermi Levels

61. Space Charge at a Junction

62. OPTICAL ABSORPTION

63. OPTICAL ABSORPTION EXPERIMENT

64. LUMINESCENCE

65. Photoluminescence

66. Carrier Lifetime And Photoconductivity: direct recombination

67. Indirect Recombination: Trapping

68. Steady State Carrier Generation: Quasi-Fermi Levels

69. Photoconductive Devices

70. DIFFUSION OF CARRIERS: Diffusion Processes

71. Diffusion and Drift of Carriers: Built-in Fields

72. The Einstein Relation

73. The Continuity Equation

74. Steady State Carrier Injection and Diffusion Length

75. The Haynes-Shockley Experiment

76. Gaussian distribution

77. Gradients in the Quasi-Fermi Levels

78. SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIALS

79. CRYSTAL LATTICES: Periodic Structures

80. Cubic Lattices Structures

81. Planes and Directions: Miller indices

82. The Diamond Lattice

83. Bonding Forces in Solids

84. Energy Bands

85. Linear combinations of the individual atomic orbitals (LCAO)

86. Metals, Semiconductors, and Insulators

87. Direct and Indirect Semiconductors

88. Variation of Energy Bands with Alloy Composition

89. Charge Carriers In Semiconductors: Electrons and Holes

All topics are not listed because of character limitations set by the Play Store.

## Лекторий МФТИ

Открытые образовательные материалы Физтеха для теперь доступны и на мобильных. Получите доступ к сотням открытых видеолекций, конспектам, задачам и экзаменационным билетам на своем телефоне или планшете. Интересующие материалы можно сохранять и просматривать потом даже без наличие подключения к сети.

## Analog Electronic Circuits -I

This ultimate unique application is for all students across the world. It covers 147 topics of Analog Electronic Circuits in detail. These 147 topics are divided in 6 units.

Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. Oscillators

2. Sinusoidal Oscillators

3. Oscillation through Positive feedback and Backhausen criterion

4. Sinusoidal Oscillators operating frequency

5. Harmonic Oscillator

6. The RC Phase Shift Oscillator

7. Transistor Phase Shift Oscillator

8. Wien Bridge Oscillator:

9. Wien Bridge Oscillator-Operation

10. Tuned Oscillator

11. The Colpitts Oscillator

12. Crystal Oscillator

13. Analog Inverter and Scale Changer

14. Inverting summer

15. Non-Inverting summer

16. Differential Amplifier:

17. OPAMP-Integrator

18. Voltage to current converter

19. OPAMP-Differentiator

20. Grounded Load

21. Current to voltage converter:

22. First Order Low Pass Filter:

23. Low pass filter with adjustable corner frequency

24. Second Order Low-Pass Butterworth filter

25. First Order High Pass Butterworth filter

26. Precision Diodes

27. Active Clippers

28. Active Half Wave Rectifier

29. Axis Shifting of the Half Wave Rectifier

30. OPAMP-Comparators

31. Schmitt Trigger

32. Non-inverting Schmitt trigger

33. Relaxation Oscillator

34. Triangular Wave Generator

35. Bridge Amplifier

36. AC Voltage Follower

37. DC Voltage Follower

38. Logarithmic amplifiers

39. Logarithmic amplifiers

40. Antilog Amplifier

41. Differential Amplifiers

42. Differential Amplifiers-D.C. Analysis.

43. Dual Input, Balanced Output Difference Amplifier.

44. A.C. Analysis-Differential Amplifier

45. Differential Input and output Resistance

46. Inverting & Non - inverting Inputs

47. Common mode Gain

48. Dual Input, Unbalanced Output Differential Amplifier

49. Differential amplifier with swamping resistors

50. Biasing of Differential Amplifiers-Constant Current Bias

51. Current Mirror Circuit

52. Operational amplifier

53. Level Translator

54. Parameters of OPAMP

55. Parameters of OPAMP-Gain Bandwidth Product, Slew Rate and Input Offset Voltage and Current Drift: :

56. Ideal OPAMP and Equivalent Circuit of OPAMP

57. Ideal Voltage Transfer Curve

58. Emitter Coupled Differential Amplifier

59. Open loop-Differential Amplifier

60. Inverting Amplifier

61. Non-inverting amplifier

62. Closed Loop Amplifier

63. Voltage series feedback

64. Input Resistance with Voltage series Feedback

65. Output Resistance with Voltage series Feedback

66. Output Offset Voltage

67. Voltage Follower

68. Voltage shunt Feedback

69. Input Resistance with Voltage Shunt Feedback

70. Output Resistance with Voltage Shunt Feedback

71. Bandwidth with Feedback

72. Non-linear Distortion Reduction

73. Introduction-Power Amplifiers

74. Amplifier Efficiency

75. Types of Coupling

76. Ranges of Frequency.

77. Two Load Lines

78. SERIES-FED CLASS A AMPLIFIER

79. Series-fed class A amplifier-AC operation

80. Series-fed class A amplifier-OUTPUT POWER

81. Series-fed class A amplifier-Efficiency and Maximum Efficiency

82. Emitter-Follower Power Amplifier

83. Transformer-coupled class A amplifier

84. Signal swing and output ac power-Transformer Coupled Power Amplifier

85. Efficiency and Maximum theoretical efficiency-Transformer Coupled Power Amplifier

86. Class B amplifier-Input (DC) Power and Output (AC) Power

87. Class B amplifier operation

88. Class B amplifier-Efficiency

89. Maximum Power Considerations

90. Class B amplifier circuits

91. Transformer-Coupled Push-Pull Circuits

All topics are not listed because of character limitations set by the Play Store.

## Nav Trainer Pro for Pilots

★★★★★ Featured on AOPA.org as one of five aviation apps you can't live without. ★★★★★

★★★★★ Read about it here: http://www.aopa.org/flightplanning/articles/2013/130226app-review.html ★★★★★

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IFR flight training is complex — We help make it easier!

A must have tool for CFIIs, student and instrument pilots!

Practice the use of aviation navigational equipment on your mobile device.

Simulates VOR, HSI, RMI, ADF, DME and ILS navigation.

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The most popular radio navigation trainer for pilots on iOS, now available for Android!

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Nav Trainer is a great tool for instrument, student pilots and flight instructors. Practice the use of aviation navigational equipment on your mobile device.

Includes VOR, HSI, RMI, ADF, DME and ILS simulation.

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Features:

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-DME visualization screen - demonstrates how DME slant range distance is affected by ground distance and altitude.

-Test mode - generates phantom aircraft around the navaids. Your goal is to find the correct aircraft position.

-Drag and drop the aircraft and nav fix around the screen.

-Fly! mode - Make the airplane fly around the screen. great for practicing intercepting and tracking courses.

-Wind direction & velocity control.

-Aircraft tracing (contrail mode).

-Accelerometer support for aircraft control.

Easy to control:

-Toggle VOR sectors visualization on/off.

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For comments, feature requests or bug reports, if you have the app, please take the survey at http://bit.ly/hCAqgF

## Electronic Amplifiers Types

This app is intended as a quick guide for all those who use Amplificators in Electronics exercises or wants to understand how does they work.

I want to gie a little guide for all who does not remember exactly all the equations governing amplificators circuits.

This app is a composition of many cheatsheets found in the web, is only a fanapp, thanks for the support :)

## Basic Electronic Circuits Calc

Vosh

1

With this Application you can calculate basic transistor operations.

As an electronic caluclation application, It offers,

Common Base Transistor Circuit,

Common Collector Transistor Circuit,

Common Drain Transistor Circuit,

Common Gate Transistor Circuit,

Common Source Transistor Circuit,

Calculations of Output/Input Voltage Gain (Av)

and Voltage between output pins.

MOSFET and BJT Transistors included.

## Diploma Electronic Engineering

Diploma Electronics Engineering app have latest & advanced videos of electronic circuit and machines for learning course. this App includes Job & Aprantis information for all sections, In this app shortcut links are provided to all Top Sites. You can use this App as a Web browser.

Features:-

- download all educational apps

-downloads educational games

-have links to all top websites on net.

-app provide special offers,

-Website Designing Services,

-Mobile Application Designing Service,

-Job Services,

-online/Offline net courses,

-Computer/Mobile Accessories & books in Mens Shoppy.

- educational videos for Engineering & ITI Students

- educational videos for electronics engineer

- educational apps for diploma electronic

- fun educational videos for electronices engineering

- educational video and apps for engineers

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- teacher apps

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- learning with fun

- educational video for automobile engg

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- educational videos for diploma engineering

- train memory

- improve Knowladge.

________________________________

Educational videos are advanced videos explicitly designed with educational purposes, or which have incidental or secondary educational value. All types of videos may be used in an educational environment. Educational videos are videos that are designed to teach people about certain subjects, expand concepts, reinforce development, understand an historical event or culture, or assist them in learning as they play.

_________________________________

This educational app is developed by-

ADHIRAJ MOBILE- Manoj Dole

Download more educational Apps -

https://play.google.com/store/apps/developer?id=ENGINEERING%20APPS-%20Manoj%20Dole&hl=en

## Electronic Assistant

El propósito de ésta app es utilizar realidad aumentada y una aproximación de procesamiento de imágen en conjunto con la cámara del celular para aproximar valores de resistores y ayudar a ingenieros electronicos para evitar el uso de navegadores web. Ésta applicación fue escrita por Luis David López Tello Villafuerte y Rodrigo Adrián Mendoza Marín en ITESM (Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey)

Cualquier comentario constructivo es bien recibido

Próximamente manual de usuario (ver datos de contacto)

Imágen para utilizar realidad aumentada (Vuforia) : http://goo.gl/EhxME

## Electronics Helper

This application i.e."Electronics Helper" is basically developed for the electronics students and associated people of this field to help them in understanding the basics and simplifying the various complex calculations which are more often than not associated with it.

The purpose of developing this app is to provide ease to the users while doing tedious and complex calculations of electronics. Almost all electronics calculations can be performed by it(for instance,this app includes basic "ohm's law calculator" to "resistor and capacitor series/parallel calculator", "555 timer generator calculator" to "electricity and energy consumption calculator",and many more). Overall 14 sub apps are inside it. Moreover it has more than 35 calculators inside a single sub app i.e. "electrical calculator" (which is one out of the 14 sub app of this main app).

It also includes "resistor color code calculator app" along with almost all transistors and diodes series specifications.

By and large, it has included all the electronics calculator apps inside a single app which will certainly help the users in solving their related problems.

The purpose of developing this app is to provide ease to the users while doing tedious and complex calculations of electronics. Almost all electronics calculations can be performed by it(for instance,this app includes basic "ohm's law calculator" to "resistor and capacitor series/parallel calculator", "555 timer generator calculator" to "electricity and energy consumption calculator",and many more). Overall 14 sub apps are inside it. Moreover it has more than 35 calculators inside a single sub app i.e. "electrical calculator" (which is one out of the 14 sub app of this main app).

It also includes "resistor color code calculator app" along with almost all transistors and diodes series specifications.

By and large, it has included all the electronics calculator apps inside a single app which will certainly help the users in solving their related problems.

## Diploma Electronic Communicate

Diploma Electronics and Communication Engineering app have latest & advanced videos of Electronics machinery and technique for learning course. this App includes Job & Aprantis information for all sections, In this app shortcut links are provided to all Top Sites. You can use this App as a Web browser.

Features:-

- download all educational apps

-downloads educational games

-have links to all top websites on net.

-app provide special offers,

-Website Designing Services,

-Mobile Application Designing Service,

-Job Services,

-online/Offline net courses,

-Computer/Mobile Accessories & books in Mens Shoppy.

- educational videos for Engineering & ITI Students

- educational videos for Electronics and Communication engineer

- educational apps for diploma Electronics and Communication Engineering

- fun educational videos for production engineering

- educational video and apps for engineers

- educational Electronics and Communication Engineerings videos free

- teacher apps

- teacher videos

- learning with fun

- educational video for Electronics and Communication engg

- educational videos for polytechnic

- learning videos for Electronics and Communications engineer

- recognize education app

- educational videos for diploma engineering

- train memory

- improve Knowladge.

________________________________

Educational videos are advanced videos explicitly designed with educational purposes, or which have incidental or secondary educational value. All types of videos may be used in an educational environment. Educational videos are videos that are designed to teach people about certain subjects, expand concepts, reinforce development, understand an historical event or culture, or assist them in learning as they play.

_________________________________

This educational app is developed by-

ADHIRAJ MOBILE- Manoj Dole

Download more educational Apps -

https://play.google.com/store/apps/developer?id=ENGINEERING%20APPS-%20Manoj%20Dole&hl=en

## The Electronic Configuration

The electronic structure of an atom describes the arrangement of its electrons around the nucleus. Have you ever realized that electron configurations of elements can also be used to justify the shape and organization of the Modern Periodic Table? Also, can the position of an element in the Periodic table be used to predict its electron configuration?

Here is an app which provides all the necessary information regarding this. Beginning with captivating and self-explanatory visuals depicting the arrangement of electrons within an atom, the app takes you on a delightful ride where you relate the concept of electron configuration to the position of an element in the Periodic table. Deftly presented visuals and lucidly flowing text add to clearer understanding of the concept.

All this is supplemented by a comprehensive package carefully crafted to consolidate your knowledge of the topic. The package contains a range of mentally stimulating learning resources such as quiz, key terms, vivid images, and the links to other websites giving the learner a choice to revert to these as many times as he wants..........

We, at Designmate, have been engaged in bringing science at your doorstep through processes that have revolutionized learning like never before and have made it simple and hassle free for consumption by knowledge seekers.

Here is an app which provides all the necessary information regarding this. Beginning with captivating and self-explanatory visuals depicting the arrangement of electrons within an atom, the app takes you on a delightful ride where you relate the concept of electron configuration to the position of an element in the Periodic table. Deftly presented visuals and lucidly flowing text add to clearer understanding of the concept.

All this is supplemented by a comprehensive package carefully crafted to consolidate your knowledge of the topic. The package contains a range of mentally stimulating learning resources such as quiz, key terms, vivid images, and the links to other websites giving the learner a choice to revert to these as many times as he wants..........

We, at Designmate, have been engaged in bringing science at your doorstep through processes that have revolutionized learning like never before and have made it simple and hassle free for consumption by knowledge seekers.

Keywords: education, eureka.in, science, periodic table, valence, shell, orbit, atomic number.

## Learn IT!

Learn IT! - универсальный математический справочник, который поможет вам с легкостью улучшать свои знания в математике, а в будущем закреплять их, проходя тесты. Справочник предлагает вам пройти весь школьный курс алгебры, изучить все формулы и все это в удобном и понятном интерфейсе. Приложение будет получать частые обновления с улучшением функционала, добавлением больше теории, тестов и подпрограмм, которые помогут вам решать задание легче и тратить меньше времени.

У вас так же есть возможность перевода приложения на ваш язык, полную информацию вы можете найти, перейдя по ссылке: https://github.com/MenosGrante/Learn-IT-Translation

## Electronics Engineer ECE

ECE Electronics Engineer Reviewer app is a multiple choice review questions app. This is perfect practice for Electronics Engineers that will be taking the Electronics Engineer licensure exam or even students who wants to be challenged with the questions about Electronics Engineering or Electrical Engineering. This will help them review while being portable. The Questions are categorized by topics about, Math, Electronics, Communications, and General Engineering and Applied Sciences. This app will cater to all Engineers/students worldwide.

Features:

• No Fancy Design just pure educational experience

• With more than 1500+ questions

• Very informative

Electronics and Communications Engineering

There will be more questions to be added in the future update!

If you have concerns regarding the app, incorrect answers, suggestions for improvement, please contact the email given.

We strive to provide worthy education materials and improving everything. Your feedback and requests will be greatly appreciated. Just hit up super.awesome.me.19@gmail.com , so communication will be easier. Godspeed!

## Electronic Apps by GAWANIMYD

Electronic Apps by GAWANIMYD was a simple apps that was intent to help Electronics Hobbyist people...

We hope that this apps can help a lot of people in there Electronic work's..

We will going to update this app time to time to produce more helpful function such a

Electronic Formula,Diagram and etc.

We hope that this apps can help a lot of people in there Electronic work's..

We will going to update this app time to time to produce more helpful function such a

Electronic Formula,Diagram and etc.

Updated now with

- some Electronic Formula...

- RLED = for getting the value of Resistor that use for the LED....

New Update

with Simple Diagram of Zener Diode Tester & Flyback,Yoke,Chopper Transformer Tester

with Multi output Power Supply...

## NET Exam ELECTRONIC SCIENCE

Highlighted Features

* Low size *

* 100+ questions included with answers *

* No Timer *

* Simple User Interface Design *

* Low size *

* 100+ questions included with answers *

* No Timer *

* Simple User Interface Design *

This is the first android app to include UGC NET question with answers for Electronic Science stream in a quiz Style.

This App also includes syllabus which is the prime factor for UGC NET. Electronic Science Exam.

You can find basic to higher level of questions from various subjects of Electronic Science

This android app includes 2 different sets of UGC NET with answers and descriptions.

* Category based selection

* Next, Previous buttons to get the questions

* Show Answer button to know the answer

* Random based selection

* Font size increase and decrease

* Question counter

We will try to announce more sets and papers in the futures.

For more enquires mail us to ebraintechnologie@gmail.com

# More from developer

## Basic Electrical Engineering

This unique Free application is for all students across the world. It covers 108 topics of Basic Electrical in detail. These 108 topics are divided in 5 units.Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Few topics Covered in this application are:

1. Introduction of electrical engineering

2. Voltage and current

3. Electric Potential and Voltage

4. Conductors and Insulators

5. Conventional versus electron flow

6. Ohm's Law

7. Kirchoff's Voltage Law (KVL)

8. Kirchoff's Current Law (KCL)

9. Polarity of voltage drops

10. Branch current method

11. Mesh current method

12. Introduction to network theorems

13. Thevenin's Theorem

14. Norton's Theorem

15. Maximum Power Transfer Theorem

16. star-delta transformation

17. Source Transformation

18. voltage and current sources

19. loop and nodal methods of analysis

20. Unilateral and Bilateral elements

21. Active and passive elements

22. alternating current (AC)

23. AC Waveforms

24. The Average and Effective Value of an AC Waveform

25. RMS Value of an AC Waveform

26. Generation of Sinusoidal (AC) Voltage Waveform

27. Concept of Phasor

28. Phase Difference

29. The Cosine Waveform

30. Representation of Sinusoidal Signal by a Phasor

31. Phasor representation of Voltage and Current

32. AC inductor circuits

33. Series resistor-inductor circuits: Impedance

34. Inductor quirks

35. Review of Resistance, Reactance, and Impedance

36. Series R, L, and C

37. Parallel R, L, and C

38. Series-parallel R, L, and C

39. Susceptance and Admittance

40. Simple parallel (tank circuit) resonance

41. Simple series resonance

42. Power in AC Circuits

43. Power Factor

44. Power Factor Correction

45. Quality Factor and Bandwidth of a Resonant Circuit

46. Generation of Three-phase Balanced Voltages

47. Three-Phase, Four-Wire System

48. Wye and delta configurations

49. Distinction between line and phase voltages, and line and phase currents

50. Power in balanced three-phase circuits

51. Phase rotation

52. Three-phase Y and Delta configurations

53. Measurement of Power in Three phase circuit

54. Introduction of measuring instruments

55. Various forces/torques required in measuring instruments

56. General Theory Permanent Magnet Moving Coil (PMMC) Instruments

57. Working Principles of PMMC

58. A multi-range ammeters

59. Multi-range voltmeter

60. Basic principle operation of Moving-iron Instruments

61. Construction of Moving-iron Instruments

62. Shunts and Multipliers for MI instruments

63. Dynamometer type Wattmeter

64. Introduction to Power System

65. POWER TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION

66. Magnetic Circuit

67. B-H Characteristics

68. Analysis of Series magnetic circuit

69. Analysis of series-parallel magnetic circuit

70. Different laws for calculating magnetic field-Biot-Savart law

71. Amperes circuital law

72. Reluctance & permeance

73. Introduction of Eddy Current & Hysteresis Losses

74. Eddy current

75. Derivation of an expression for eddy current loss in a thin plate

76. Hysteresis Loss

77. Hysteresis loss & loop area

78. Steinmetzs empirical formula for hysteresis loss

79. Inductor

80. Force between two opposite faces of the core across an air gap

81. ideal transformer

82. Practical transformer

83. equivalent circuit

84. Efficiency of transformer

85. Auto-Transformer

86. Introduction of D.C Machines

87. D.C machine Armature Winding

88. EMF Equation

89. Torque equation

90. Generator types & Characteristics

91. Characteristics of a separately excited generator

92. Characteristics of a shunt generator

93. Load characteristic of shunt generator

94. Single-phase Induction Motor

All topics are not listed because of character limitations set by the Play Store.

## Basic Electronics Engineering

This unique free application is for all students across the world. It covers 97 topics of Basic Electronics in detail. These 97 topics are divided in 5 units.Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. Introduction to Electronic Engineering

2. Basic quantities

3. Passive and active devices

4. Semiconductor Devices

5. Current in Semiconductors

6. P-N Junction

7. Diodes

8. Power Diode

9. Switching

10. Special-Purpose Diodes

11. Tunnel diode and Optoelectronics

12. Diode Approximation

13. Applications of diode: Half wave Rectifier and Full Wave Rectifier

14. Bridge Rectifier

15. Clippers

16. Clamper Circuits

17. Positive Clamper

18. Voltage Doubler

19. Zener Diode

20. Zener Regulator

21. Design of Zener regulator circuit

22. Special-Purpose Diodes-1

23. Transistors

24. Bipolar Junction Transistors (BJT)

25. Beta and alpha gains

26. The Common Base Configuration

27. Relation between different currents in a transistor

28. Common-Emitter Amplifier

29. Common Base Amplifier

30. Biasing Techniques for CE Amplifiers

31. Biasing Techniques: Emitter Feedback Bias

32. Biasing Techniques: Collector Feedback Bias

33. Biasing Techniques: Voltage Divider Bias

34. Biasing Techniques: Emitter Bias

35. Small Signal CE Amplifiers

36. Analysis of CE amplifier

37. Common Collector Amplifier

38. Darlington Amplifier

39. Analysis of a transistor amplifier using h-parameters

40. Power Amplifiers

41. Power Amplifiers: Class A Amplifiers

42. Power Amplifiers: Class B amplifier

43. Power Amplifiers: Cross over distortion(Class B amplifier)

44. Power Amplifiers: Biasing a class B amplifier

45. Power Calculations for Class B Push-Pull Amplifier

46. Power Amplifiers: Class C amplifier

47. Field Effect Transistor (FET)

48. JFET Amplifiers

49. Transductance Curves

50. Biasing the FET

51. Biasing the FET: Self Bias

52. Voltage Divider Bias

53. Current Source Bias

54. FET a amplifier

55. Design of JFET amplifier

56. JFET Applications

57. MOSFET Amplifiers

58. Common-Drain Amplifier

59. MOSFET Applications

60. Operational Amplifiers

61. Depletion-mode MOSFET

62. Enhancement-mode MOSFET

63. The ideal operational amplifier

64. Practical OP AMPS

65. Inverting Amplifier

66. The Non-inverting Amplifier

67. Voltage Follower (Unity Gain Buffer)

68. The Summing Amplifier

69. Differential Amplifier

70. The Op-amp Integrator Amplifier

71. The Op-amp Differentiator Amplifier

72. History of The Numeral Systems

73. Binary codes

74. conversion of bases

75. Conversion of decimal to binary ( base 10 to base 2)

76. Octal Number System

77. Hexadecimal Number System

78. Rules of Binary Addition and Subtraction

79. Sign-and-magnitude method

80. Sign-and-magnitude method:2s complement Representation

81. Boolean algebra

82. Basic Theorems & Properties of Boolean algebra

83. Logic gate

84. Symbols of logic Gates

85. Universal Gates

86. No associativity of NAND and NOR Gates: universal gates

87. Introduction of minimization using K-map

88. Two variable maps

89. Don't Cares condition

90. 5 variable Karnaugh Maps

91. Binary coded decimal codes(bcd)

92. Principle and types digital instruments

93. digital voltmeter

94. Cathode ray oscilloscope(CRO)

95. Cathode ray tube: CRO

96. Channel: CRO

97. Measurements with the cathode ray oscilloscope C

All topics not listed due to character limitations set by Google Play.

## Automobile Engineering

This unique free application is for all students of Automobile Engineering across the world. It covers 188 topics of Automobile Engineering in detail. These 188 topics are divided in 5 units. Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from any where they like.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. THE AIR-CONDITIONING SYSTEM

2. The expansion valve system

3. THE FIXED ORIFICE VALVE SYSTEM (CYCLING CLUTCH ORIFICE TUBE)

4. THE COMPRESSOR

5. THE CONDENSER

6. THE CONDENSER

7. THE RECEIVER-DRIER/ACCUMULATOR

8. THE EXPANSION VALVE/FIXED ORIFICE VALVE

9. THE EVAPORATOR

10. ANTI-FROSTING DEVICES

11. BASIC CONTROL SWITCHES

12. THE BASIC THEORY OF COOLING

13. VAPOUR COMPRESSION REFRIGERATION

14. ALTERNATIVES CYCLES

15. INITIAL VEHICLE INSPECTION

16. TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENTS

17. PRESSURE GAUGE READINGS

18. CYCLE TIME TESTING

19. A/C SYSTEM LEAK TESTING

20. SIGHT GLASS

21. GLOBAL WARMING

22. THE OZONE LAYER

23. INTRODUCTION TO TRANSFER OF HEAT AND MASS TO THE BASE METAL IN GAS-METAL ARC WELDING

24. INTRODUCTION OF AUTOMOBILE ENGINEERING

25. HISTORY OF THE AUTOMOBILE ENGINEERING

26. TYPES OF AUTOMOBILES

27. LAYOUT OF AN AUTOMOBILE CHASSIS

28. MAJOR COMPONENTS OF AN AUTOMOBILE

29. FUNCTIONS OF THE AUTOMOBILE COMPONENTS

30. CLASSIFICATION OF AUTOMOBILE ENGINES

31. USE OF THE ENGINES

32. MERITS AND DEMERITS OF VERTICAL AND HORIZONTAL ENGINES

33. REASONS FOR USING SINGLE CYLINDER TWO STROKE AIR-COOLED PETROL ENGINE ON TWO WHEELERS

34. REASONS FOR USING MULTI-CYLINDER DIESEL ENGINE FOR COMMERCIAL VEHICLES

35. DIFFERENCE BETWEEN TWO-STROKE AND FOUR-STROKE CYCLE ENGINES

36. ADVANTAGES OF A MULTI-CYLINDER ENGINE FOR THE SAME POWER

37. ENGINE CONSTRUCTION

38. CYLINDER BLOCKS

39. CYLINDER LINER

40. CRANK CASE

41. CYLINDER HEAD

42. GASKETS

43. PISTON

44. PISTON RINGS

45. PISTON PIN

46. CONNECTING ROD

47. CRANKSHAFT

48. VALVES

49. PORT-TIMING DIAGRAM

50. FLYWHEEL

51. MANIFOLDS

52. ROLLING RESISTANCE

53. AIR RESISTANCE.

54. GRADIENT RESISTANCE

55. TRACTIVE EFFORT

56. GEAR BOX

57. TYPES OF THE GEAR BOX

58. MERITS AND DEMERITS OF GEAR BOX

59. GEAR SHIFTING MECHANISM

60. Transmission in Automobile

61. COMPONENTS FOR TRANSMISSION IN AUTOMOBILES

62. FUNCTION OF CLUTCH

63. MAIN PARTS OF CLUTCH

64. TYPES OF THE CLUTCH

65. UNIVERSAL JOINT

66. CLUTCH ACTUATING MECHANISM

67. FUNCTION OF STEERING SYSTEM

68. FRONT AXLE

69. CASTER ANGLE

70. CASTER ANGLE

71. CAMBER

72. TOE-IN

73. TOE-OUT

74. ACKERMAN MECHANISM

75. FUNCTIONS OF A BRAKE

76. CLASSIFICATION OF BRAKES

77. DISC BRAKES

78. FLOATING CALIPER BRAKE

79. POWER BRAKES

80. AIR BRAKE SYSTEM

81. HYDRAULIC BRAKES

82. TYPES OF THE STARTING MOTORS

83. GENERATOR

84. ALTERNATOR

85. LIGHTING SYSTEM

86. IGNITION SYSTEM

87. IGNITION TIMING

88. IGNITION ADVANCE

89. SPARK PLUGS

90. ELECTRONIC IGNITION SYSTEM

91. AUTOMOBILE BATTERY

92. LOW MAINTENANCE AND MAINTENANCE-FREE BATTERIES

93. HORNS

94. CLUTCH OPERATION

95. Types of clutch

96. Gearbox operation

97. Gear change mechanisms

98. Gears and components

99. AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION: INTRODUCTION AND TORQUE CONVERTER

100. AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION COMPONENTS

101. CONSTANTLY VARIABLE TRANSMISSION

102. DIRECT SHIFT GEARBOX

103. TRANSMISSION DRIVELINE- PROPSHAFTS AND DRIVESHAFTS

104. WHEEL BEARINGS

105. FOUR-WHEEL DRIVE

106. TIRE DESIGN

107. TIRE PLY AND BELT DESIGN

108. Tire Tread Design

109. TIRE RATINGS AND SIDEWALL INFORMATION

110. SPECIALTY TIRES

111. REPLACEMENT TIRES

112. Tire Valves

113. COMPACT SPARE TIRES

114. Run-Flat Tires

115. Tire Pressure Monitoring Systems

116. TIRE CONTACT AREA

117. Wheel Rims

118. Static Wheel Balance Theory

119. Dynamic Wheel Balance Theory

120. On-Car Wheel Balancing

## Advanced Welding Technology

This unique Free application is for all students across the world. It covers 217 topics of Advanced Welding Technology in detail. These 217 topics are divided in 5 units.Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. INTRODUCTION OF WELDING

2. CONVENTIONAL WELDING PROCESSES

3. WELDING WITH PRESSURE

4. FUSION WELDING

5. INTRODUCTION TO ADVANCED PROCESS DEVELOPMENT TRENDS

6. SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS

7. AREAS FOR DEVELOPMENT OF WELDING PROCESSES

8. INTRODUCTION TO ENERGY SOURCES USED FOR FUSION WELDING

9. ENERGY-SOURCE INTENSITY

10. INTRODUCTION TO HEAT FLOW IN FUSION WELDING

11. MATHEMATICAL FORMULATIONS IN HEAT FLOW IN FUSION WELDING

12. PARAMETRIC EFFECTS OF HEAT FLOW IN FUSION WELDING

13. THERMO PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF SELECTED ENGINEERING MATERIALS

14. INTRODUCTION TO FLUID FLOW PHENOMENON DURING WELDING

15. GAS TUNGSTEN ARC WELDING

16. DEEP-PENETRATION ELECTRON BEAM AND LASER WELDS

17. GAS METAL ARC WELDING

18. Submerged Arc Welding

19. INTRODUCTION TO TRANSFER OF HEAT AND MASS TO THE BASE METAL IN GAS-METAL ARC WELDING

20. HEAT TRANSFER IN GAS-METAL ARC WELDING

21. PROCEDURE DEVELOPMENT TRANSFER OF HEAT AND MASS TO THE BASE METAL IN GAS-METAL ARC WELDING

22. INTRODUCTION TO ARC PHYSICS OF GAS-TUNGSTEN ARC WELDING

23. ELECTRODE REGIONS AND ARC COLUMN IN GTAW

24. ARC WELDING POWER SOURCES

25. POWER SOURCE SELECTION

26. PULSED POWER SUPPLIES

27. Resistance Welding Power Sources

28. ELECTRON-BEAM WELDING POWER SOURCES

29. INTRODUCTION TO WELD SOLIDIFICATION

30. COMPARISON OF CASTING AND WELDING SOLIDIFICATION

31. SOLIDIFICATION OF ALLOY WELDS (CONSTITUTIONALSUPERCOOLING)

32. DEVELOPMENT OF WELD MICROSTRUCTURES

33. EFFECT OF WELDING RATE ON WELD POOL SHAPE AND MICROSTRUCTURE

34. BRAZING

35. SOLDERING

36. PHYSICAL PRINCIPLES OF BRAZING

37. ELEMENTS OF THE BRAZING PROCESS

38. HEATING METHODS FOR BRAZING

39. INTRODUCTION TO FUNDAMENTALS OF SOLDERING

40. FUNDAMENTALS OF SOLDERING

41. GUIDELINES FOR FLUX SELECTION

42. TYPES OF FLUXES

43. JOINT DESIGN

44. PRECLEANING AND SURFACE PREPARATION

45. SOLDER APPLICATION

46. SOLDERING PROCESS PARAMETERS

47. SOLDERING EQUIPMENT

48. CHARACTERISTICS OF THE COMPONENTS OF A SHIELDING GAS BLEND

49. SHIELDING GAS SELECTION

50. BASIC POWER SOURCE REQUIREMENTS

51. CONVENTIONAL POWER SOURCE DESIGNS

52. DIFFUSION BONDING PROCESS

53. ELECTRONIC POWER REGULATION SYSTEMS

54. OUTPUT LEVEL, SEQUENCE AND FUNCTION CONTROL

55. MMAW CONSUMABLES

56. SUBMERGED ARC WELDING CONSUMABLES

57. FILLER WIRES FOR GMAW AND FCAW

58. INTRODUCTION TO FUNDAMENTALS OF FRICTION WELDING

59. DIRECT DRIVE WELDING

60. INERTIA-DRIVE WELDING

61. JOINING OF SIMILAR METALS

62. JOINING OF DISSIMILAR METALS

63. INTRODUCTION TO FUNDAMENTALS OF DIFFUSION BONDING

64. BONDING SURFACES CONTAINING OXIDES

65. MECHANISM OF DIFFUSION BONDING

66. BONDING PRACTICE

67. FLYER PLATE ACCELERATION

68. IMPACT ENERGY IN EXPLOSION WELDING

69. DYNAMIC BEND ANGLE AND MATERIAL PROPERTIES IN EXPLOSION WELDING

70. JET FORMATION IN EXPLOSION WELDING

71. SELECTION OF BONDING PARAMETERS

72. BOND MORPHOLOGY AND PROPERTIES

73. MICROSTRUCTURE OF INTERLAYER WELDS

74. TENSILE LOADING OF SOFT-INTERLAYER WELDS

75. THE SMAW PROCESS

76. APPLICATIONS OF SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING

77. ELECTRODES IN SMAW

78. WELD SCHEDULES AND PROCEDURES

79. VARIATIONS OF THE SMAW PROCESS

80. SPECIAL APPLICATIONS OF THE SMAW PROCESS

81. SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS IN SMAW

82. INTRODUCTION TO GAS-METAL ARC WELDING

83. PROCESS FUNDAMENTALS IN GMAW

All topics are not listed because of character limitations set by the Play Store.

## Civil Engineering Basics

This unique free application is for all students across the world. It covers 61 topics of the Basics of Civil Engineering in detail. These 61 topics are divided in 4 units.Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. Accuracy of angle measurement

2. PRECISION MEASURING INSTRUMENTS

3. Definition of horizontal and vertical angles

4. Linear Variable Differential Transformer (LVDT)

5. COMPARATORS

6. ELECTRICAL MEASURING DEVICES

7. Potentiometer

8. Micrometers

9. Height Gauge

10. Stick Micrometers

11. Inside Micrometer

12. Field of civil engineering and their scope

13. Impact of Infrastructural Development on the Economy of a Country

14. Role of Civil Engineers

15. Importance of Planning, Scheduling and Construction Management

16. Introduction of Surveying and levelling

17. Equipment

18. Levelling procedures

19. Object and Uses of Surveying

20. Primary Divisions of Surveying

21. NON-PRECISION MEASURING INSTRUMENTS

22. Firm Joint Type

23. Measuring angles and setting out angles

24. Types and uses of compass

25. Bearing

26. Magnetic Declination

27. INSTRUMENTS AND PROCEDURES

28. Procedure of Measuring Bearing with Prismatic Compass

29. CALCULATIONS OF BEARING AND INCLUDED ANGLES

30. PRECAUTIONS AND ERRORS IN COMPASS SURVEY

31. Sources of Error

32. Levelling

33. Object and Uses

34. Terms Used in Levelling

35. Leveling Instruments

36. Methods of Levelling

37. Use of a Planimeter

38. Introduction to Global Positioning System,

39. Remote Sensing and Geographic Information System

40. Technical Components of Remote Sensing

41. Remote Sensors

42. Types of Construction Materials

43. Properties and Importance of Civil Engineering Materials like Stone

44. Importance of Civil Engineering Materials like Bricks

45. Importance of Civil Engineering Materials like Lime

46. Importance of Civil Engineering Materials like Cement

47. Ferrous and Non Ferrous Metals

48. Ceramic Materials

49. Timber

50. Sand

51. Aggregates for Concrete

52. Mortar and Concrete

53. Paints

54. GLASS & GLAZING

55. Plastics

56. Watershed Development

57. Water Requirements and its Conservation

58. Basic Introduction of Hydraulic Structures of Storage (Only Dams),

59. Role of Transportation

60. Elements of Traffic Engineering and Traffic Control

61. BOT & BOOT Projects for Highways

## Electrical Instrumentation

This unique free application is for all students across the world. It covers 280 topics of Electrical Instrumentation and Process Control in detail. These 280 topics are divided in 5 units.Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. Introduction to AC Electricity

2. Circuits with R, L, and C

3. RC Filters

4. AC Bridges

5. Magnetic fields

6. Analog meter

7. Electromechanical devices

8. Introduction to Basic Electrical Components

9. Resistance

10. Capacitance

11. Inductance

12. Introduction to Electronics

13. Discrete amplifiers

14. Operational amplifiers

15. Current amplifiers

16. Differential amplifiers

17. Buffer amplifiers

18. Nonlinear amplifiers

19. Instrument amplifier

20. Amplifier applications

21. Digital Circuits

22. Digital signals & Binary numbers

23. Logic circuits

24. Analog-to-digital conversion

25. Circuit Considerations

26. Introduction to Process control

27. Process Control

28. Definitions of the Elements in a Control Loop

29. Process Facility Considerations

30. Units and Standards

31. Instrument Parameters

32. Introduction to Level

33. Level Formulas

34. Direct level sensing

35. Indirect level sensing

36. Application Considerations

37. Introduction to Pressure

38. Basic Terms

39. Pressure Measurement

40. Pressure Formulas

41. Manometers

42. Diaphragms, capsules, and bellows

43. Bourdon tubes

44. Other pressure sensors

45. Vacuum instruments

46. Application Considerations

47. Introduction to Actuators and Control

48. Pressure Controllers

49. Flow Control Actuators

50. Power Control

51. Magnetic control devices

52. Motors

53. Application Considerations

54. Introduction to flow

55. Flow Formulas of Continuity equation

56. Bernoulli equation

57. Flow losses

58. Flow Measurement Instruments of Flow rate

59. Total flow and Mass flow

60. Dry particulate flow rate and Open channel flow

61. Application Considerations

62. Humidity

63. Humidity measuring devices

64. Density and Specific Gravity

65. Density measuring devices

66. Viscosity

67. Viscosity measuring instruments

68. pH Measurements, pH measuring devices and pH application considerations

69. Position and Motion Sensing

70. Position and motion measuring devices

71. Force, Torque, and Load Cells

72. Force and torque measuring devices

73. Smoke and Chemical Sensors

74. Sound and Light

75. Sound and light measuring devices

76. Sound and light application considerations

77. Introduction to Signal Conditioning

78. Conditioning

79. Linearization

80. Temperature correction

81. Pneumatic Signal Conditioning

82. Visual Display Conditioning

83. Electrical Signal Conditioning

84. Strain gauge sensors

85. Capacitive sensors

86. Capacitive sensors

87. Magnetic sensors

88. Thermocouple sensors

89. Introduction to Temperature and Heat

90. Temperature definition

91. Heat definitions

92. Thermal expansion definitions

93. Temperature and Heat Formulas

94. Thermal expansion

95. Temperature Measuring Devices

96. Thermometers

97. Pressure-spring thermometers

98. Resistance temperature devices

99. Thermistors

100. Thermocouples

101. Semiconductors

102. Application Considerations

103. Installation, Calibration & Protection

104. System Documentation

105. Pipe and Identification Diagrams

106. Functional Symbols

107. P and ID Drawings

108. Introduction to Instrument types and performance characteristics

109. Active and passive instruments

110. Null-type and deflection-type instruments

111. Analogue and digital instruments

112. Indicating instruments and instruments with a signal output

All topics are not listed because of character limitations set by the Play Store.

## Refrigeration & ACs

This unique free application is for all students across the world. It covers 143 topics of Refrigeration and AirConditioning in detail. These 143 topics are divided in 4 units.Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. INTRODUCTION TO AIR-CONDITIONING SYSTEM

2. TYPES OF AIR-CONDITIONING SYSTEMS

3. CENTRAL SYSTEMS CLASSIFICATION

4. AIR-CONDITIONING PROJECT DEVELOPMENT AND SYSTEM DESIGN

5. DESIGN DOCUMENTS

6. PSYCHROMETRICS

7. PSYCHROMETRICS (MOIST AIR)

8. PSYCHROMETRICS (HUMIDITY AND ENTHALPY)

9. PSYCHROMETRICS (SPECIFIC HEAT)

10. PSYCHROMETRIC CHART

11. DETERMINING THE DEW-POINT TEMPERATURE OF A MOIST AIR SAMPLE

12. PSYCHROMETRICS CHARTS

13. PSYCHROMETRICS CHARTS (NUMERICAL PROBLEM)

14. AIR-CONDITIONING PROCESSES AND CYCLES

15. SPACE CONDITIONING, SENSIBLE COOLING, AND SENSIBLE HEATING PROCESSES

16. COOLING AND DEHUMIDIFYING PROCESS

17. HUMIDIFYING AND COOLING AND DEHUMIDIFYING PROCESSES

18. PSYCHROMETRICS (THERMODYNAMIC WET BULB TEMPERATURE AND WET BULB TEMPERATURE)

19. AIR-CONDITIONING CYCLE AND OPERATING MODES

20. BASIC AIR-CONDITIONING CYCLE - SUMMER MODE

21. DESIGN SUPPLY VOLUME FLOW RATE

22. BASIC AIR-CONDITIONING CYCLE - WINTER MODE

23. REFRIGERANTS AND REFRIGERATION CYCLES

24. REFRIGERANTS, COOLING MEDIUMS, AND ABSORBENTS

25. CLASSIFICATION OF REFRIGERANTS

26. CLASSIFICATION OF INORGANIC REFRIGERANTS COMPOUNDS

27. PROPERTIES OF REFRIGERANTS

28. IDEAL SINGLE-STAGE VAPOR COMPRESSION CYCLE REFRIGERATION PROCESS

29. REFRIGERATION PROCESSES IN AN IDEAL SINGLE-STAGE CYCLE

30. COEFFICIENT OF PERFORMANCE OF REFRIGERATION CYCLE

31. CASCADE SYSTEM CHARACTERISTICS

32. OUTDOOR DESIGN CONDITIONS AND INDOOR DESIGN CRITERIA

33. INDOOR DESIGN CRITERIA AND THERMAL COMFORT

34. INDOOR TEMPERATURE, RELATIVE HUMIDITY, AND AIR VELOCITY

35. INDOOR AIR QUALITY AND OUTDOOR VENTILATION AIR REQUIREMENTS

36. CONVECTIVE HEAT AND RADIATIVE HEAT

37. AIR HANDLING UNITS AND PACKAGED UNITS

38. PACKAGED UNITS

39. COILS USED IN REFRIGERATION

40. AIR FILTERS

41. REFRIGERATION COMPONENTS AND EVAPORATIVE COOLERS

42. RECIPROCATING/ SCROLL COMPRESSORS

43. ROTARY/ SCREW COMPRESSORS

44. CENTRIFUGAL COMPRESSORS

45. AIR-COOLED CONDENSERS

46. EVAPORATORS AND REFRIGERANT FLOW CONTROL DEVICES

47. REFRIGERATION AND AIR CONDITIONING INTRODUCTION

48. REFRIGERATION HISTORY

49. EVAPORATIVE COOLING

50. ARTIFICIAL REFRIGERATION

51. DOMESTIC REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS

52. AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEMS

53. VAPOUR ABSORPTION REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS

54. GAS CYCLE REFRIGERATION

55. STEAM JET REFRIGERATION SYSTEM

56. THERMOELECTRIC REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS

57. DEVELOPMENT OF REFRIGERANTS AND COMPRESSORS

58. RECIPROCATING/ SCROLL COMPRESSORS

59. ROTARY/ SCREW COMPRESSORS

60. CENTRIFUGAL COMPRESSORS

61. SPECIAL APPLICATIONS OF REFRIGERATION

62. APPLICATION OF REFRIGERATION IN FOOD PROCESSING/ CHEMICAL

63. APPLICATIONS OF REFRIGERATION & AIR CONDITIONING

64. FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES - THERMODYNAMICS

65. HEAT AND WORK

66. THERMODYNAMIC FUNCTIONS

67. FUNDAMENTAL LAWS OF THERMODYNAMICS

68. FIRST LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS

69. SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS

70. HEAT ENGINES

71. EFFICIENCY OF HEAT ENGINES

72. ENTROPY

73. THIRD LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS

74. THERMODYNAMIC RELATIONS

75. THERMODYNAMIC EQUATIONS

76. PROPERTIES OF PURE SUBSTANCE

77. T-S AND P-H DIAGRAMS FOR LIQUID-VAPOUR REGIME

78. PROPERTIES AT SATURATION/ ISOCHORIC PROCESS

79. ISOBARIC PROCESS/ ISOTHERMAL PROCESS

80. ADIABATIC PROCESS/ POLYTROPIC PROCESS

81. THROTTLING (ISENTHALPIC) PROCESS

82. FLUID FLOW IN REFRIGERATION

83. CONSERVATION OF MOMENTUM

All topics are not listed because of character limitations set by the Play Store.

## Theory of Machines-I

This free unique application is for all students across the world. It covers 161 topics of Theory Of Machines I in detail. These 161 topics are divided in 5 units.Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. TOM DEFINITION

2. FUNDAMENTAL UNITS

3. INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM OF UNITS (S.I. UNITS)

4. PRESENTATION OF UNITS AND THEIR VALUES

5. RULES FOR S.I. UNITS

6. FORCE

7. SCALARS AND VECTORS

8. KINEMATICS OF MOTION

9. LINEAR DISPLACEMENT

10. EQUATIONS OF LINEAR MOTION

11. GRAPHICAL REPRESENTATION OF DISPLACEMENT WITH RESPECT TO TIME

12. GRAPHICAL REPRESENTATION OF VELOCITY WITH RESPECT TO TIME

13. GRAPHICAL REPRESENTATION OF ACCELERATION WITH RESPECT TO TIME

14. KINEMATIC MOTION (NUMERICAL)

15. ANGULAR DISPLACEMENT

16. RELATION BETWEEN LINEAR MOTION AND ANGULAR MOTION

17. ACCELERATION OF A PARTICLE ALONG A CIRCULAR PATH

18. NEWTON’S LAWS OF MOTION

19. MASS AND WEIGHT

20. FORCE UNIT

21. COUPLE

22. MASS MOMENT OF INERTIA

23. ANGULAR MOMENTUM OR MOMENT OF MOMENTUM

24. WORK

25. ENERGY

26. PRINCIPLE OF CONSERVATION OF ENERGY

27. IMPULSE AND IMPULSIVE FORCE

28. ENERGY LOST BY FRICTION CLUTCH DURING ENGAGEMENT

29. TORQUE REQUIRED ACCELERATING A GEARED SYSTEM

30. COLLISION OF TWO BODIES

31. COLLISION OF ELASTIC BODIES

32. LOSS OF KINETIC ENERGY DURING ELASTIC IMPACT

33. SIMPLE MECHANISM

34. TYPES OF LINKS

35. STRUCTURE

36. TYPES OF CONSTRAINED MOTIONS

37. CLASSIFICATION OF KINEMATIC PAIRS

38. KINEMATIC CHAIN

39. TYPES OF JOINTS IN A CHAIN

40. MECHANISM

41. NUMBER OF DEGREES OF FREEDOM FOR PLANE MECHANISMS

42. APPLICATION OF KUTZBACH CRITERION TO PLANE MECHANISMS

43. GRUBLER’S CRITERION FOR PLANE MECHANISMS

44. TYPES OF KINEMATIC CHAINS

45. INVERSIONS OF FOUR BAR CHAIN

46. SINGLE SLIDER CRANK CHAIN

47. INVERSIONS OF SINGLE SLIDER CRANK CHAIN

48. WHITWORTH QUICK RETURN MOTION MECHANISM

49. CRANK AND SLOTTED LEVER QUICK RETURN MOTION MECHANISM

50. DOUBLE SLIDER CRANK CHAIN

51. OLDHAM’S COUPLING

52. SPACE AND BODY CENTRODES

53. METHODS FOR DETERMINING THE VELOCITY OF A POINT ON A LINK

54. PROPERTIES OF THE INSTANTANEOUS CENTRE

55. METHOD OF LOCATING INSTANTANEOUS CENTRES IN A MECHANISM

56. ARONHOLD KENNEDY THEOREM

57. LOCATION OF INSTANTANEOUS CENTRES

58. TYPES OF INSTANTANEOUS CENTRES

59. VELOCITY IN MECHANISMS

60. MOTION OF A LINK

61. VELOCITIES IN SLIDER CRANK MECHANISM

62. FORCES ACTING IN A MECHANISM

63. ACCELERATION OF A POINT ON A LINK

64. ACCELERATION IN MECHANISM

65. ACCELERATION IN THE SLIDER CRANK MECHANISM

66. PANTOGRAPH

67. HART’S MECHANISM

68. STRAIGHT LINE MECHANISMS

69. SCOTT RUSSELL’S MECHANISM

70. MODIFIED SCOTT-RUSSEL MECHANISM & GRASSHOPPER MECHANISM

71. TCHEBICHEFF’S MECHANISM & ROBERTS MECHANISM

72. STRAIGHT LINE MOTIONS FOR ENGINE INDICATORS

73. STEERING GEAR MECHANISM

74. ACKERMAN STEERING GEAR

75. DAVIS STEERING GEAR

76. UNIVERSAL OR HOOKE’S JOINT

77. RATIO OF THE SHAFTS VELOCITIES

78. MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM SPEEDS OF DRIVEN SHAFT

79. CONDITION FOR EQUAL SPEEDS OF THE DRIVING AND DRIVEN SHAFTS

80. DOUBLE HOOKE’S JOINT

81. FRICTION

82. FRICTION BETWEEN DIFFERENT SURFACES

83. LIMITING FRICTION

84. LAWS OF FRICTION

85. LIMITING ANGLE OF FRICTION

86. ANGLE OF REPOSE

87. MINIMUM FORCE REQUIRED TO SLIDE A BODY ON A ROUGH HORIZONTAL PLANE

88. FRICTION OF A BODY LYING ON A ROUGH INCLINED PLANE

89. EFFICIENCY OF INCLINED PLANE

90. SCREW FRICTION

91. FRICTION OF A V-THREAD

92. FRICTION IN JOURNAL BEARING-FRICTION CIRCLE

93. FRICTION OF PIVOT AND COLLAR BEARING

94. FLAT PIVOT BEARING (UNIFORM PRESSURE)

95. FLAT PIVOT BEARING (UNIFORM WEAR)

All topics are not listed because of character limitations set by the Play Store.

## Material Science

This unique free application is for all students across the world. It covers 143 topics of Material Science in detail. These 143 topics are divided in 3 units.Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE OF MATERIALS

2. ENGINEERING REQUIREMENTS OF MATERIALS

3. Classification of engineering materials

4. Organic and inorganic materials

5. Semiconductors

6. Biomaterials

7. CURRENT TRENDS AND ADVANCES IN MATERIALS

8. Advanced materials

9. Smart materials (materials of the future)

10. Nanostructured materials and nanotechnology

11. Quantum dots

12. Spintronics

13. Level of material structure examination and observation

14. Material structure

15. Engineering metallurgy

16. Selection of the materials

17. Atomic concepts in physics and chemistry

18. Atomic Structure: FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS

19. Atomic Structure: FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS

20. ELECTRONS IN ATOMS

21. THE PERIODIC TABLE

22. BONDING FORCES AND ENERGIES

23. Ionic Bonding

24. Covalent Bonding

25. Metallic Bonding

26. SECONDARY BONDING OR VAN DER WAALS BONDING

27. Crystal Structures: FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS

28. The Face-Centered Cubic Crystal Structure

29. The Body-Centered Cubic Crystal Structure

30. The Hexagonal Close-Packed Crystal Structure

31. CRYSTALLOGRAPHIC PLANES

32. CRYSTAL SYSTEMS

33. POINT COORDINATES

34. CRYSTALLOGRAPHIC DIRECTIONS

35. Hexagonal Crystals

36. Atomic Arrangements

37. CLOSE-PACKED CRYSTAL STRUCTURES

38. VACANCIES AND SELF-INTERSTITIALS

39. IMPURITIES IN SOLIDS

40. DISLOCATIONS - LINEAR DEFECTS

41. INTERFACIAL DEFECTS

42. Microscopic Examination

43. Optical Microscopy

44. Electron Microscopy

45. GRAIN SIZE DETERMINATION

46. Introduction to mechanical properties

47. CONCEPTS OF STRESS AND STRAIN

48. Compression Tests

49. STRESS-STRAIN BEHAVIOR

50. ANELASTICITY

51. ELASTIC PROPERTIES OF MATERIALS

52. Plastic Deformation

53. Yielding and Yield Strength

54. Tensile Strength

55. Ductility

56. Resilience

57. Toughness

58. TRUE STRESS AND STRAIN

59. ELASTIC RECOVERY AFTER PLASTIC DEFORMATION

60. HARDNESS

61. Rockwell Hardness Tests

62. Brinell Hardness Tests

63. Knoop and Vickers Microindentation Hardness Tests

64. Hardness Conversion

65. Correlation Between Hardness and Tensile Strength

66. VARIABILITY OF MATERIAL PROPERTIES

67. Computation of Average and Standard Deviation Values

68. DESIGN/SAFETY FACTORS

69. Phase diagrams-introduction

70. SOLUBILITY LIMIT

71. PHASES

72. PHASE EQUILIBRIA

73. ONE-COMPONENT (OR UNARY) PHASE DIAGRAMS

74. Binary Phase Diagrams

75. BINARY ISOMORPHOUS SYSTEMS

76. Determination of Phase Compositions

77. Determination of Phase Amounts

78. Equilibrium Cooling

79. Nonequilibrium Cooling

80. MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF ISOMORPHOUS ALLOYS

81. BINARY EUTECTIC SYSTEMS

82. DEVELOPMENT OF MICROSTRUCTURE IN EUTECTIC ALLOYS

83. EQUILIBRIUM DIAGRAMS HAVING INTERMEDIATE PHASES OR COMPOUNDS

84. EUTECTOID AND PERITECTIC REACTIONS

85. CONGRUENT PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS

86. THE GIBBS PHASE RULE

87. THE IRON-IRON CARBIDE (Fe-Fe3C) PHASE DIAGRAM

88. DEVELOPMENT OF MICROSTRUCTURE IN IRON-CARBON ALLOYS

89. Hypoeutectoid Alloys

90. Hypereutectoid Alloys

91. THE INFLUENCE OF OTHER ALLOYING ELEMENTS

92. FERROUS ALLOYS

93. Low-Carbon Steels

94. Medium-Carbon Steels

95. High-Carbon Steels

96. Stainless Steels

97. Cast Irons

98. Gray Iron

99. Ductile (or Nodular) Iron

All topics are not listed because of character limitations set by the Play Store.

## Electrical System Design

This unique free application is for all students across the world. It covers 113 topics of Electrical System Design and Estimation in detail. These 113 topics are divided in 6 units.Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. Types of lighting schemes

2. Electrical Symbols

3. Lists of Electrical symbols

4. Salient Features of Electricity Act, 2003

5. Consequences of Electricity Act, 2003

6. Indian Electricity Rules (1956)

7. General safety precautions

8. Role and Scope of National Electric Code

9. Components of National electric code

10. Classification of Supply Systems - TT system

11. Classification of Supply Systems - TN system

12. Classification of Supply Systems - IT system

13. Selection criteria for the TT, TN and IT systems

14. Load break switches

15. Switch Fuse Units & Fuse Switches

16. Circuit Breakers - MCB

17. Circuit Breakers - MCB Selection & Characteristics

18. Circuit Breakers - RCCB

19. Circuit Breakers - MCCB

20. Circuit Breakers - ELCB

21. Circuit Breakers - Voltage Base ELCB

22. Circuit Breakers - Current-operated ELCB

23. Circuit Breakers - ACB

24. Operation of ACB

25. Air Blast Circuit Breaker

26. Different Types of Air Blast Circuit Breaker

27. Circuit Breakers - OCB

28. Bulk Oil Circuit Breaker

29. Single & Double Break Bulk Oil Circuit Breaker

30. Circuit Breakers - Minimum Oil

31. Circuit breakers - VCB

32. Electrical Switchgear

33. SF6 Circuit Breaker

34. Types and Working of SF6 Circuit Breaker

35. Vacuum Arc or Arc in Vacuum

36. Different types of fuses

37. Protection against over load

38. Delay curves

39. Service connections

40. Electrical Diagrams

41. Methods for representation for wiring diagrams

42. Systems of House Wiring

43. Neutral and earth wire

44. Load Factor for Electrical Installations

45. Earth bus- Design of earthing systems

46. Demand Factor for electrical installations

47. Diversity Factor for electrical installations

48. Utilization factor & Maximum Demand for electrical installations

49. Coincidence factor for electrical installations

50. Demand Factor & Load Factor according to Type of Buildings

51. Design of LT panels

52. Current Rating of single core XLPE Un-armoured INSULATED Cables

53. Current Rating of single core XLPE Armoured INSULATED Cables

54. Current Rating of Two core XLPE Un-armoured INSULATED Cables

55. Current Rating of Two core XLPE Armoured INSULATED Cables

56. Current Rating of Three core XLPE Un-Armoured Insulated Cables

57. Current Rating of Three core XLPE Armoured INSULATED Cables

58. Current Rating of Three & Half core XLPE Un-Armoured INSULATED Cables

59. Current Rating of Three & Half core XLPE Armoured INSULATED Cables

60. Current Rating of Four core XLPE Un-Armoured INSULATED Cables

61. Current Rating of Four core XLPE Armoured INSULATED Cables

62. Qualities of good lighting schemes

63. Luminous flux

64. Luminous intensity

65. Illuminance

66. Luminance

67. Reflection and Reflection Factor

68. Laws of illumination

69. Necessity of Illumination

70. Photometry & Luminaire

71. Photometric Bench

72. Incandescent Lamps

73. Characteristics of Incandescent Lamps

74. Discharge Lamps

75. Mercury Vapor Lamp

76. Sodium Vapor Lamp

77. Fluorescent Lamp

78. Luminaries in Illumination Schemes

79. Mounting of Luminaries

80. Glare

81. Evaluation of Glare

82. Color

83. Color Specification Systems - Munsell system

84. Color Specification Systems

85. Interior Lighting

86. Trends and finishing of Interior Lightning

87. Sports Lighting

All topics are not listed because of character limitations set by the Play Store.

## Analog Electronic Circuits

This Free unique application is for all students across the world. It covers 147 topics of Analog Electronic Circuits in detail. These 147 topics are divided in 6 units.Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. Oscillators

2. Sinusoidal Oscillators

3. Oscillation through Positive feedback and Backhausen criterion

4. Sinusoidal Oscillators operating frequency

5. Harmonic Oscillator

6. The RC Phase Shift Oscillator

7. Transistor Phase Shift Oscillator

8. Wien Bridge Oscillator:

9. Wien Bridge Oscillator-Operation

10. Tuned Oscillator

11. The Colpitts Oscillator

12. Crystal Oscillator

13. Analog Inverter and Scale Changer

14. Inverting summer

15. Non-Inverting summer

16. Differential Amplifier:

17. OPAMP-Integrator

18. Voltage to current converter

19. OPAMP-Differentiator

20. Grounded Load

21. Current to voltage converter:

22. First Order Low Pass Filter:

23. Low pass filter with adjustable corner frequency

24. Second Order Low-Pass Butterworth filter

25. First Order High Pass Butterworth filter

26. Precision Diodes

27. Active Clippers

28. Active Half Wave Rectifier

29. Axis Shifting of the Half Wave Rectifier

30. OPAMP-Comparators

31. Schmitt Trigger

32. Non-inverting Schmitt trigger

33. Relaxation Oscillator

34. Triangular Wave Generator

35. Bridge Amplifier

36. AC Voltage Follower

37. DC Voltage Follower

38. Logarithmic amplifiers

39. Logarithmic amplifiers

40. Antilog Amplifier

41. Differential Amplifiers

42. Differential Amplifiers-D.C. Analysis.

43. Dual Input, Balanced Output Difference Amplifier.

44. A.C. Analysis-Differential Amplifier

45. Differential Input and output Resistance

46. Inverting & Non - inverting Inputs

47. Common mode Gain

48. Dual Input, Unbalanced Output Differential Amplifier

49. Differential amplifier with swamping resistors

50. Biasing of Differential Amplifiers-Constant Current Bias

51. Current Mirror Circuit

52. Operational amplifier

53. Level Translator

54. Parameters of OPAMP

55. Parameters of OPAMP-Gain Bandwidth Product, Slew Rate and Input Offset Voltage and Current Drift: :

56. Ideal OPAMP and Equivalent Circuit of OPAMP

57. Ideal Voltage Transfer Curve

58. Emitter Coupled Differential Amplifier

59. Open loop-Differential Amplifier

60. Inverting Amplifier

61. Non-inverting amplifier

62. Closed Loop Amplifier

63. Voltage series feedback

64. Input Resistance with Voltage series Feedback

65. Output Resistance with Voltage series Feedback

66. Output Offset Voltage

67. Voltage Follower

68. Voltage shunt Feedback

69. Input Resistance with Voltage Shunt Feedback

70. Output Resistance with Voltage Shunt Feedback

71. Bandwidth with Feedback

72. Non-linear Distortion Reduction

73. Introduction-Power Amplifiers

74. Amplifier Efficiency

75. Types of Coupling

76. Ranges of Frequency.

77. Two Load Lines

78. SERIES-FED CLASS A AMPLIFIER

79. Series-fed class A amplifier-AC operation

80. Series-fed class A amplifier-OUTPUT POWER

81. Series-fed class A amplifier-Efficiency and Maximum Efficiency

82. Emitter-Follower Power Amplifier

83. Transformer-coupled class A amplifier

84. Signal swing and output ac power-Transformer Coupled Power Amplifier

85. Efficiency and Maximum theoretical efficiency-Transformer Coupled Power Amplifier

86. Class B amplifier-Input (DC) Power and Output (AC) Power

87. Class B amplifier operation

88. Class B amplifier-Efficiency

89. Maximum Power Considerations

90. Class B amplifier circuits

91. Transformer-Coupled Push-Pull Circuits

All topics are not listed because of character limitations set by the Play Store.

## Artificial Intelligence

This unique free application is useful for all students of Artificial Intelligence across the world. It covers 142 topics of Artificial Intelligence in detail. These 142 topics are divided in 5 units. Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

The USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from any where they like.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. Turing test

2. Introduction to Artificial Intelligence

3. History of AI

4. The AI Cycle

5. Knowledge Representation

6. Typical AI problems

7. Limits of AI

8. Introduction to Agents

9. Agent Performance

10. Intelligent Agents

11. Structure Of Intelligent Agents

12. Types of agent program

13. Goal based Agents

14. Utility-based agents

15. Agents and environments

16. Agent architectures

17. Search for Solutions

18. State Spaces

19. Graph Searching

20. A Generic Searching Algorithm

21. Uninformed Search Strategies

22. Breadth-First Search

23. Heuristic Search

24. AÃ¢Ë†â€” Search

25. Search Tree

26. Depth first Search

27. Properties of Depth First Search

28. Bi-directional search

29. Search Graphs

30. Informed Search Strategies

31. Methods of Informed Search

32. Greedy Search

33. Proof of Admissibility of A*

34. Properties of Heuristics

35. Iterative-Deepening A*

36. Other Memory limited heuristic search

37. N-Queens eample

38. Adversarial Search

39. Genetic Algorithms

40. Games

41. Optimal decisions in Games

42. minimax algorithm

43. Alpha Beta Pruning

44. Backtracking

45. Consistency Driven Techniques

46. Path Consistency (K-Consistency)

47. Look Ahead

48. Propositional Logic

49. Syntax of Propositional Calculus

50. Knowledge Representation and Reasoning

51. Propositional Logic Inference

52. Propositional Definite Clauses

53. Knowledge-Level Debugging

54. Rules of Inference

55. Soundness and Completeness

56. First Order Logic

57. Unification

58. Semantics

59. Herbrand Universe

60. Soundness, Completeness, Consistency, Satisfiability

61. Resolution

62. Herbrand Revisited

63. Proof as Search

64. Some Proof Strategies

65. Non-Monotonic Reasoning

66. Truth Maintenance Systems

67. Rule Based Systems

68. Pure Prolog

69. Forward chaining

70. backward Chaining

71. Choice between forward and backward chaining

72. AND/OR Trees

73. Hidden Markov Model

74. Bayesian networks

75. Learning Issues

76. Supervised Learning

77. Decision Trees

78. Knowledge Representation Formalisms

79. Semantic Networks

80. Inference in a Semantic Net

81. Extending Semantic Nets

82. Frames

83. Slots as Objects

84. Interpreting frames

85. Introduction to Planning

86. Problem Solving vs. Planning

87. Logic Based Planning

88. Planning Systems

89. Planning as Search

90. Situation-Space Planning Algorithms

91. Partial-Order Planning

92. Plan-Space Planning Algorithms

93. Interleaving vs. Non-Interleaving of Sub-Plan Steps

94. Simple Sock/Shoe Example

95. Probabilistic Reasoning

96. Review of Probability Theory

97. Semantics of Bayesian Networks

98. Introduction to Learning

99. Taxonomy of Learning Systems

100. Mathematical formulation of the inductive learning problem

101. Concept Learning

102. Concept Learning as Search

103. Algorithm to Find a Maximally-Specific Hypothesis

104. Candidate Elimination Algorithm

105. The Candidate-Elimination Algorithm

106. Decision Tree Construction

107. Splitting Functions

108. Decision Tree Pruning

109. Neural Networks

110. Artificial Neural Networks

111. Perceptron

112. Perceptron Learning

113. Multi-Layer Perceptrons

114. Back-Propagation Algorithm

115. Statistical learning

All topics not listed here because of character limit set by Play Store

## Discrete Mathematics- I

This unique free application is for all students across the world. It covers 113 topics of Discrete Mathematics in detail. These 113 topics are divided in 5 units.Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. Set Theory

2. Decimal number System

3. Binary Number System

4. Octal Number System

5. Hexadecimal Number System

6. Binary Arithmetic

7. Sets and Membership

8. Subsets

9. Introduction to Logical Operations

10. Logical Operations and Logical Connectivity

11. Logical Equivalence

12. Logical Implications

13. Normal Forms and Truth Table

14. Normal Form of a well formed formula

15. Principle Disjunctive Normal Form

16. Principal Conjunctive Normal form

17. Predicates and Quantifiers

18. Theory of inference for the Predicate Calculus

19. Mathematical Induction

20. Diagrammatic Representation of Sets

21. The Algebra of Sets

22. The Computer Representation of Sets

23. Relations

24. Representation of Relations

25. Introduction to Partial Order Relations

26. Diagrammatic Representation of Partial Order Relations and Posets

27. Maximal, Minimal Elements and Lattices

28. Recurrence Relation

29. Formulation of Recurrence Relation

30. Method of Solving Recurrence Relation

31. Method for solving linear homogeneous recurrence relations with constant coefficients:

32. Functions

33. Introduction to Graphs

34. Directed Graph

35. Graph Models

36. Graph Terminology

37. Some Special Simple Graphs

38. Bipartite Graphs

39. Bipartite Graphs and Matchings

40. Applications of Graphs

41. Original and Sub Graphs

42. Representing Graphs

43. Adjacency Matrices

44. Incidence Matrices

45. Isomorphism of Graphs

46. Paths in the Graphs

47. Connectedness in Undirected Graphs

48. Connectivity of Graphs

49. Paths and Isomorphism

50. Euler Paths and Circuits

51. Hamilton Paths and Circuits

52. Shortest-Path Problems

53. A Shortest-Path Algorithm (Dijkstra Algorithm.)

54. The Traveling Salesperson Problem

55. Introduction to Planer Graphs

56. Graph Coloring

57. Applications of Graph Colorings

58. Introduction to Trees

59. Rooted Trees

60. Trees as Models

61. Properties of Trees

62. Applications of Trees

63. Decision Trees

64. Prefix Codes

65. Huffman Coding

66. Game Trees

67. Tree Traversal

68. Boolean Algebra

69. Identities of Boolean Algebra

70. Duality

71. The Abstract Definition of a Boolean Algebra

72. Representing Boolean Functions

73. Logic Gates

74. Minimization of Circuits

75. Karnaugh Maps

76. Dont Care Conditions

77. The Quine MCCluskey Method

78. Introduction to Lattices

79. The Transitive Closure of a Relation

80. Cartesian Product of Lattices

81. Properties of Lattices

82. Lattices as Algebraic System

83. Partial Order Relations on a Lattice

84. Least Upper Bounds and Latest Lower Bounds in a Lattice

85. Sublattices

86. Lattice Isomorphism

87. Bounded, Complemented and Distributive Lattices

88. Propositional Logic

89. Conditional Statements

90. Truth Tables of Compound Propositions

91. Precedence of Logical Operators and Logic and Bit Operations

92. Applications of Propositional Logic

93. Propositional Satisfiability

94. Quantifiers

95. Nested Quantifiers

96. Translating from Nested Quantifiers into English

97. Inference

98. Rules of Inference for Propositional Logic

99. Using Rules of Inference to Build Arguments

100. Resolution and Fallacies

101. Rules of Inference for Quantified Statements

102. Introduction to Algebra

103. Rings

104. Properties of rings

105. Subrings

106. Homomorphisms and quotient rings

107. Groups

108. Properties of groups

109. Subgroups

All topics not listed due to character limitations set by Google Play.

## Quality Control Engineering

This unique free application is for all students across the world. It covers 86 topics of Quality Control in detail. These 86 topics are divided in 5 units.Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. Quality Improvement and Statistics

2. Statistical Quality and Process Control

3. Control Charts

4. Charts for Variable such as (X,R charts)

5. Charts for Attributes such as (P,C charts)

6. Use of Control Charts

7. Process Capability Analysis

8. Principle of acceptance sampling

9. Producer’s and consumer’s risk and Average outgoing quality

10. Sampling Error

11. Single Sampling Plan

12. Sampling Plans

13. Double Sampling Plan

14. Sequential Sampling Plan

15. Acceptance sampling attributes

16. Acceptance sampling by variable

17. Difference between attribute and variable sampling plans

18. Introduction to Reliability

19. Product Life Cycle Curve or Bath tub curve

20. Relationship between the failure rate and the mean time between failures

21. Systems Reliability (Series & Parallel System)

22. Implications for Design

23. Redundancy in Reliability

24. Reliability based design

25. Introduction of Value Analysis

26. Defining Cost and Value

27. The Focus of Value Analysis

28. Use of Value Analysis (Within the business & Market induced Reasons)

29. Types Of Value Analysis

30. Related Tools and Techniques of Value Analysis

31. Application of Value Analysis

32. Basic Concept of TQM

33. Difference Between Quality Assurance And Quality Control

34. Implementation of TQM

35. Introduction of Implementation of TQM

36. Quality Assurance in TQM

37. Quality Control points- Introduction

38. Quality Management in TQM

39. Introduction to Total Quality Management

40. Historical evolution of Total Quality Management

41. Zero Defects in TQM

42. Introduction to Taguchi method

43. History of Six Sigma

44. Defination of Six Sigma

45. Concept of Sig Sigma

46. Introduction of ISO 9000

47. ISO 9000 Standard Series

48. Historical Background: The Concept of Quality Circle

49. Introduction of Quality Circle

50. Organizational Structure of Quality Circle

51. Material Quality Control

52. Diagnostic Techniques Introduction

53. Thomson, Rayleigh and Raman scattering

54. Diode laser absorption

55. (Ta)LIF

56. Absolute intensities of spectral lines

57. Spectral Line Broadening

58. Continuum radiation and Power Interruption

59. Introduction to Condition Monitoring

60. Introduction to Condition Monitoring Techniques

61. Mean Time Between Failures (MTBF)

62. Objectives of Inspection and types of Inspection

63. Stages of Inspection

64. Inspection Procedures

65. Methods of Inspection and its Drawbacks

66. Introduction of Quality and Quality Control

67. Quality Characteristics

68. Total Quality Control

69. Process capability Introduction

70. Definitions and Process Capability Study Steps

71. Process Capability and Calculating Process Capability Indices

72. Accuracy and Precision

73. Types of Fits

74. Types of Tolerances

75. Standard Tolerances

76. Selection of Fits

77. Systems of Fit (Hole and Shaft Basis)

78. Limits

79. Non Destructive Testing (NDT)

80. Non destructive Evaluation (NDE) Techniques

81. Types of Gauges

82. Interchangeability Introduction

83. Types of Interchangeability

84. Standardisation and its Types

85. Accuracy versus Precision

86. Design for Maintainability

All topics are not listed because of character limitations set by the Play Store.

## Cryptography | Comp Sc Engg

This ultimate free unique application is for all students of Computer Science Engineering studying Cryptography across the world. It covers 160 topics of Cryptography in detail. These 160 topics are divided in 4 units. Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

The USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from any where they like.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1) Basics of Cryptography

2) Conventional cryptography

3) Key management and conventional encryption

4) Keys

5) Pretty Good Privacy

6) Digital signatures

7) Digital certificates

8) The OSI Security Architecture

9) Network Security

10) Types of attacks

11) Denial of service attack

12) Smurf Attack

13) Distributed Denial of Service Attacks

14) Security Mechanism

15) A Model for Network Security

16) Symmetric Ciphers

17) Classical SubstitutionTechniques

18) Classical Transposition Techniques

19) Rotor Machines

20) Steganography

21) Block Cipher Principles

22) The Data Encryption Standard

23) Differential Cryptanalysis Attack

24) Cipher and Reverse Cipher

25) Security of DES

26) The Strength of DES

27) Differential and Linear Cryptanalysis

28) Block Cipher Design Principles

29) Finite Fields

30) The Euclidean Algorithm

31) Finite Fields of The Form GF(p)

32) Polynomial Arithmetic

33) Finite Fields Of the Form GF(2n)

34) The AES Cipher

35) Substitute Bytes Transformation

36) Evaluation Criteria For AES

37) ShiftRows Transformation

38) AddRoundKey Transformation

39) AES Key Expansion Algorithm

40) Equivalent Inverse Cipher

41) Multiple Encryption and Triple DES

42) Triple DES with Two Keys

43) Block Cipher Modes of Operation

44) Cipher Feedback Mode

45) Output Feedback Mode

46) Counter Mode

47) Stream Ciphers

48) The RC4 Algorithm

49) Random Number Generation

50) Pseudorandom Number Generators

51) Linear Congruential Generators

52) Cryptographically Generated Random Numbers

53) Blum BlumShub Generator

54) True Random Number Generators

55) Key Hierarchy

56) Key Distribution Centre

57) Transparent Key Control Scheme

58) Controlling Key Usage

59) Confidentiality Using Symmetric Encryption

60) Link versus End-to-End Encryption

61) Key Distribution

62) Traffic Confidentiality

63) Prime Numbers

64) Fermat\\\'s and Euler\\\'s Theorems

65) Testing for Primality

66) The Chinese Remainder Theorem

67) Discrete Logarithms

68) Principles of Public-Key Cryptosystems

69) RSA Algorithm

70) Optimal Asymmetric Encryption Padding

71) Key Management

72) Distribution of Secret Keys Using Public-Key Cryptography

73) Diffie-Hellman Key Exchange

74) Example of Deffie Hellman algorithm

75) Key Exchange Protocols

76) Man in the Middle Attack

77) Elliptic Curve Arithmetic

78) Elliptic Curves over Real Numbers

79) Elliptic Curves over Zp

80) Elliptic Curve Cryptography

81) Elliptic Curve Encryption/Decryption

82) Security of Elliptic Curve Cryptography

83) Authentication Requirements

84) Authentication Functions

85) Message Authentication Codes

86) Security of Hash Functions and Macs

87) Secure Hashing Algorithm

88) Whirlpool

89) Whirlpool Hash Structure

90) Block Cipher W

91) The Nonlinear Layer SB

92) HMAC

93) CMAC

94) Digital signatures

95) Direct Digital Signature

96) Arbitrated Digital Signature

97) Authentication Protocols

98) Digital Signature Standard

99) The Digital Signature Algorithm

100) Kerberos

101) Kerberos Version 4

102) Kerberos Version 5

103) Kerberos Realms and Multiple Kerberi

104) X.509 Authentication Service

105) Obtaining a User\'s Certificate

106) Revocation of Certificates

107) Authentication Procedures

108) X.509 Version 3

109) Public-Key Infrastructure

110) Pretty Good Privacy

All topics are not listed due to character limitations imposed by Google Play Store.

## Structural Analysis-II

This unique free application is for all students across the world. It covers 110 topics of Structural Analysis 2 in detail. These 110 topics are divided in 5 units.Each topic is around 600 words and is complete with diagrams, equations and other forms of graphical representations along with simple text explaining the concept in detail.

This USP of this application is "ultra-portability". Students can access the content on-the-go from anywhere they like.

Basically, each topic is like a detailed flash card and will make the lives of students simpler and easier.

Some of topics Covered in this application are:

1. Development of Plastic Analysis

2. Interpretation of Stiffness Matrix

3. Truss Element Stiffness Matrix

4. Introduction

5. Mohr’s First Theorem (Mohr I)

6. Mohr’s Second Theorem (Mohr II)

7. Application to Determinate Structures

8. Finding Deflections

9. Application to Indeterminate Structures

10. Find the location of the maximum deflection

11. Continuous Beams: Introduction

12. Analysis of Continuous Beams

13. Incorporation of Moment Due to Reactions

14. Pressure Line due to Prestressing Force

15. METHOD OF CONSISTENT DEFORMATION: Basic Concept

16. Choice of Released Structures

17. Compatibility Equations for General Case

18. Vector of kinematical conditions

19. METHOD OF SLOPE-DEFLECTION EQUATIONS

20. Computation of Fixed-end Moments

21. THE MOMENT DISTRIBUTION METHOD

22. DISTRIBUTION FACTOR

23. STEPS INVOLVED IN MOMENT DISTRIBUTION METHOD

24. Strain Energy

25. Beams

26. Analysis of two-hinged arch

27. Influence line diagram

28. Symmetrical two hinged arch

29. Temperature effect

30. Torque and thrust force in drilling

31. MODEL OF DRILLING

32. Introduction of Suspension Bridges

33. Structural System

34. Design of suspension bridge

35. Wind-Resistant Design

36. Design of Cable Section

37. Field Measurement and Coatings

38. Introduction of Stiffening Girder

39. Design of Girder End

40. Fabrication Technology

41. Erection Technology

42. All-Hinge Erection Method

43. Moment-shear interaction of longitudinally stiffened girders

44. EUROCODE DESIGN PROVISONS

45. FINITE ELEMENT MODELING

46. NON-LINEAR FINITE ELEMENT STUDY

47. Alternative Form of Slope-deflection Equations

48. Sign Convention

49. Computation of Fixed-end Moments

50. Slope-deflection Equations for Special Members

51. Slope-deflection Equations for Special Members

52. Symmetric member and Anti-symmetric member

53. Analysis of Structures by Slope-deflection Equations

54. End rotations and sway angle of members

55. Determination of sway angle by instantaneous center of rotations (ICR)

56. Set up equilibrium equations

57. Equilibrium equations associated with sway degrees of freedom

58. Equilibrium equations associated with sway degrees of freedom

59. Solve for primary unknowns and determine other quantities

60. Treatment of Special Structures

61. Geometrically symmetric structures

62. Geometrically symmetric structure under symmetrical loadings

63. Geometrically symmetric structure under anti-symmetrical loadings

64. Geometrically symmetric structure under general loadings

65. Introductin of Matrix Stiffness Method

66. Computer Programs to Support Learning

67. Basic Approach

68. Assemblies of Elements

69. General Methodology

70. Element Forces

71. Plane Frame Element Stiffness Matrix

72. Transformation to Global Coordinates

73. Inter-nodal Loads

74. Moment-Rotation Characteristics of General Cross Section

75. Analysis of Rectangular Cross Section

76. Shape Factor

77. Formation of Hinges for Collapse

78. Plastic Hinge Development

79. Important Definitions

80. Virtual Work in Plastic Analysis

81. Theorems of Plastic Analysis

82. Plastic Hinge Under the Load

83. Plastic Design

84. Summary of Important Points

85. INTRODUCTION OF FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS

86. Angle Under Shear Loading

All topics are not listed because of character limitations set by the Play Store.