Mēs piedāvājam vairākas radio stacijas , šeit tie ir :
Capital FM 101.0
Europa Plus 99.5
Europa Plus Riga
European Hit Radio
European Hit Radio 104.3
I Love Cēsis
Kurzemes Radio 106,4
Lat R4 Doma Laukums
Latgolys Radeja Radio 103.0
Latvijām Radio 4
Latviesu Radio 96.8
Latvijas Kristigais Radio 101.8
Latvijas Radio 1 91,9
Latvijas Radio 3
Latvijas Radio 3 Klasika 103.7
Mix FM 102,7
Mix FM 106,3
Radio 1 107,0
Radio Alise 101.6
Radio Amadeus 89.2
Radio Baltkom 93.9
Radio Latvija 1 106.8
Radio Latvija 4 107,7
Radio Latvija Divi 107,7
Radio Merkurs 1485
Radio Naba 93.1
Radio Pik 100.0
Radio Skonto 97.5
Radio SWH 105.2
Radio SWH Plus
Radio SWH Rock 89,2
Rietumu Radio 105.8
Russkoje Radio / Hiti Rossi
Star FM 98.3
Star FM # 2 98.3
Top Radio 91.9
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tags : straumēšanu , radio , Latvija
World FM Radio lists information about the local radio stations such as the address, the call sign, the broadcast frequency, and it even links to their website. World FM Radio also continues to run as a background task so it does not interrupt the FM station you are listening to and allows you to use your smartphone for other games or apps.
World FM Radio has a fast and easy to use interface as well as a powerful search feature you can use from almost every screen. World FM Radio has categories listed by country if you are just looking for a station from a specific area. We make it easy for you to find all your favorite stations that play pop, rock, top hits, jazz, classical, easy listening, international music, instrumental, and more! You can also tune to a station to track current news or events live and have that streamed directly to you in seconds.
World FM Radio has Stations from all over the globe Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, and Australia.
World FM Radio Includes:
Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa , San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Sint Maarten, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Korea, South Sudan, Spain , Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand , Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Aruba, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Curacao, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France , Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Holy See, Honduras, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Korea, North, Korea, South, Kosovo, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macau, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, North Korea, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Palestinian Territories, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru etc.
NOTE: All FM/Radio Stations do not Broadcast for 24 Hours, so Those Stations Will Not Work When They Are Not LIVE on AIR.
▷▶ Features: ◀◁
~ 25,000 + FM Radio Stations
~ App Continues to Run as a Background Task so it Does not Interrupt the FM/Radio Station You are Listening to and Allows you to Use your SmartPhone for Other Games or Apps.
~ Radio list Sorted by Countries
~ Create Shortcuts for your favorite FM/Radio Stations
~ Play your Favorite FM/Radio from Shortcuts
~ Favorite list to manage your favorites FM Radio
~ Radio list sorted by Countries
~ Share Feature to Share the FM/Radio with App to Your Friends and Family
~ Search Your Country & any FM Radio
~ FM/Radio Stations are shorted in Alphabetic Order
~ Sleep Timer to Automatically Off the FM/Radio
For Any Suggestions + Query + Problems + Solution About Our App "Online FM Radio" Please Write Us On email@example.com
App Includes FM/Radio Stations From:
Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Aruba, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Democratic Republic of the
Congo, Republic of the Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Curacao, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti,
Dominica, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France , Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Holy See, Honduras, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Korea, North, Korea, South, Kosovo, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan,
Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macau, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, North Korea, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Palestinian Territories, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa , San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Sint Maarten, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands,
Somalia, South Africa, South Korea, South Sudan, Spain , Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand , Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
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The roots of the language can be traced to Central Asia, with the first known written records dating back nearly 1,300 years. To the west, the influence of Ottoman Turkish—the variety of the Turkish language that was used as the administrative and literary language of the Ottoman Empire—spread as the Ottoman Empire expanded. In 1928, as one of Atatürk's Reforms in the early years of the Republic of Turkey, the Ottoman script was replaced with a Latin alphabet. Concurrently, the newly founded Turkish Language Association initiated a drive to reform and standardize the language.
The distinctive characteristics of Turkish are vowel harmony and extensive agglutination. The basic word order of Turkish is subject–object–verb. Turkish has no noun classes or grammatical gender. Turkish has a strong T-V distinction and usage of honorifics. Turkish uses second-person pronouns that distinguish varying levels of politeness, social distance, age, courtesy or familiarity toward the addressee. The plural second-person pronoun and verb forms are used referring to a single person out of respect. On occasion, double plural second-person "sizler" may be used to refer to a much-respected person.
Türkçe, also referred to as Istanbul Turkish
Turkish is a member of the Oghuz group of languages, a subgroup of the Turkic languages. There is a high degree of mutual intelligibility between Turkish and the other Oghuz languages, including Azerbaijani, Turkmen, Qashqai, Gagauz, and Balkan Gagauz Turkish. The Turkic family comprises some 30 living languages spoken across Eastern Europe, Central Asia, and Siberia. Some linguists believe the Turkic languages to be a part of a larger Altaic language family. About 40% of all speakers of Turkic languages are native Turkish speakers. The characteristic features of Turkish, such as vowel harmony, agglutination, and lack of grammatical gender, are universal within the Turkic family and the Altaic languages.
The earliest known Turkic inscriptions are the two monumental Orkhon inscriptions found in modern Mongolia. Erected in honour of the prince Kul Tigin and his brother Emperor Bilge Khan, and dating back to some time between 732 and 735, they constitute another important early record. After the discovery and excavation of these monuments and associated stone slabs by Russian archaeologists in the wider area surrounding the Orkhon Valley between 1889 and 1893, it became established that the language on the inscriptions was the Old Turkic language written using the Orkhon script, which has also been referred to as "Turkic runes" or "runiform" due to a superficial similarity to the Germanic runic alphabets.
With the Turkic expansion during Early Middle Ages (c. 6th–11th centuries), peoples speaking Turkic languages spread across Central Asia, covering a vast geographical region stretching from Siberia to Europe and the Mediterranean. The Seljuqs of the Oghuz Turks, in particular, brought their language, Oghuz Turkic—the direct ancestor of today's Turkish language—into Anatolia during the 11th century. Also during the 11th century, an early linguist of the Turkic languages, Mahmud al-Kashgari from the Kara-Khanid Khanate, published the first comprehensive Turkic language dictionary and map of the geographical distribution of Turkic speakers in the Compendium of the Turkic Dialects (Ottoman Turkish: Divânü Lügati't-Türk).
This app has been developed by iHues Media Ltd in an effort to bring Punjabi content on all mobile devices. We want to bring our language to level of recent changes in technologies. This app will include news in Punjabi from Punjab and other part of the world, news related to Sikhs, Khalsa and Sikhism. Also, we'll be bringing news from Bollywood and Punjabi movie world. We are planing to create more language apps related to Punjabi songs, Punjabi music, and Punjabi Literature. News from Gurdwara and other Gurbani Shabad Kirtan will also be featured in our next apps. Hope, our work will be appreciated by large Punjabi community all over the world. It will also bring young and new generation close to Punjab, Punjabi and Punjabiyat. Sat Sri Akaal.
Sardar Ajit Singh Badh
Jasbir Singh Badh
Host of Awaaz-E-Punjab:
Prof. Gurvinder Singh Dhaliwal
Host of Punjabi-E-Zubane:
Surinderjit Singh Bains
News Reporter / Host of Desi Gaane Desi Gallan:
Host of Gurbani Vichar and Dilaan Di Sanjh:
Host of the Deep Kiran Show:
Host of Des Aur Pardes:
Kashmir S. Janda
Co-Host of Political Rung with Mike de Jong:
Host of Lok Sath:
Harjit Singh Gill
Host of Geetan Bhari Peetari:
Host of Sabrang:
Host of Bol Mitti Deya Baveya:
Dr. Raminder Pal S. Kang
Host of Shamadaan:
Dr. Jasbir Singh Romana
Business, Sports and Entertainment Reporter:
Diljeet Singh Brar
Host of Gurbani Vichaar and Sanje Dharkan:
Bhupinder Singh Dhami
Copyright © 2008-2012 AM 1550 Sher-E-Punjab Radio Broadcasting Services Inc. All rights reserved
Abrar-ul-Haq, Alam Lohar, Alfaaz, Aman Hayer, Amar Singh Chamkila, Amrinder Gill, Anamika, Anurag Malik, Anurag Malik
Apache Indian, Arif Lohar, Arvind Kumar, Asa Singh Mastana
Attaullah Khan Essa Khailwi, Baba Sehgal, Babbu Mann, Bally Sagoo, Bhagwant Maan, Bikram Singh, Binde Shah, Channi Singh
Daler Mehndi, Didar Sandhu, Diljit Dosanjh, Dr Madan Gopal Singh, Foji Gill, Gippy Grewal, Gurdas Maan, Hadiqa Kiyani,
Hans Raj Hans, Harbhajan Maan, Harjit Harman, Harshdeep Kaur
H-Dhami, Honey Singh, Imran Khan, Jagjit Singh, Jasbir Jassi, Jaspal Bhatti, Jaspinder Narula, Jassi Sidhu, Jaswinder Brar, Jawad Ahmad, Jaz Dhami, Jazzy B, Kamal Heer
Kanth Kaler, Kiran Ahluwalia, Kuldeep Manak, Kulwinder Dhillon, Labh Janjua, Lal Chand Yamla Jatt, Lehmber Hussainpuri, Malkit Singh, Mallika Jyoti, Manmohan Waris, Mansoor Ali Malangi, Master Saleem, Mika Singh, Miss Pooja,
Mona Singh, Nachhatar Gill, Nirmal Sidhu, Noor Jehan, Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, Pammi Bai, Sarbjit Cheema, Sardool Sikander, Satinder Sartaj, Satinder Satti, Sazi Judge, Shamshad Begum, Shazia Manzoor, Shingara Singh, Soni Pabla, Sukhbir, Sukhwinder Singh, Sukshinder Shinda, Surinder Kaur
Surinder Shinda, Surj Sahota Surjit Bindrakhia Yudhvir Manak
One of the most distinguishing aspects of Uzbek from other Turkic languages is its rounding of the vowel /a/ to /ɒ/ or /ɔ/, a feature influenced by Persian.
Turkic speakers have probably settled in the Amu-Darya, Syr-Darya and Zeravshan river basins since at least AD600-700, gradually ousting or assimilating the speakers of Eastern Iranian languages who previously inhabited Soghdiana, Bactria and Chorasmia. The first Turkic dynasty in the region was that of the Karakhanids in the 9th- 12th centuries AD, who were a confederation of Karluks (Qarluq), Chigil, Yaghma and other tribes.
Uzbek is a language which can be considered the direct descendant or a latter form of Chagatay, the language of great Turkic Central Asian literary development in the realm of Chagatai Khan, Timur (Tamerlane), and the Timurids. The language was championed by Mir Ali-Sher Nawa'i in the 15th and 16th centuries. Ultimately based on the Qarluq variant of the Turkic languages, it contained large numbers of Persian and Arabic loanwords. By the 19th century it was rarely used for literary composition.
The term "Uzbek" as applied to language has meant different things at different times. Prior to 1921 "Uzbek" and "Sart" were considered to be different dialects; "Uzbek" was a vowel-harmonised Kipchak dialect spoken by descendants of those who arrived in Transoxiana with Shaybani Khan in the 16th century, who lived mainly around Bukhara and Samarkand, although the Turkic spoken in Tashkent was also vowel-harmonised; "Sart" was a Qarluq dialect spoken by the older settled Turkic populations of the region in the Ferghana Valley and the Kashka-Darya region, and in some parts of what is now the Samarkand Province; it contained a heavier admixture of Persian and Arabic, and did not use vowel-harmony. In Khiva Sarts spoke a form of highly Persianised Oghuz Turkic. After 1921 the Soviet regime abolished the term Sart as derogatory, and decreed that henceforth the entire settled Turkic population of Turkestan would be known as Uzbeks, even though many had no Uzbek tribal heritage. The standard written language that was chosen for the new republic in 1924, however, despite the protests of Uzbek Bolsheviks such as Faizullah Khojaev, was not pre-revolutionary "Uzbek" but the "Sart" language of the Samarkand region. All three dialects continue to exist within modern, spoken Uzbek.
(O'zbek tili or O'zbekcha in Latin script, Ўзбек тили or Ўзбекча in Cyrillic script; أۇزبېك تیلی in Arabic script)
Plus, you will learn about great writers like:-
1. Geoffrey Chaucer, 2. Edmund Spencer, 3. Francis Bacon, 4. Christopher Marlowe, 5. William Shakespeare, 6. Ben Johnson, 7. John Milton, 8. John Bunyan, 9. John Dryden, 10. Daniel Defoe, 11. Jonathan Swift, 12. Joseph Addison, 13. Alexander Pope, 14. Samuel Johnson, 15. Thomas Gray, 16. Oliver Goldsmith, 17. Edmund Burke, 18. William Cowper, 19. William Blake, 20. Robert Burns, 21. William Wordsworth, 22. Sir Walter Scott, 23. Samuel Taylor Coleridge, 24. Robert Southway, 25. Jane Austen, 26. Charles Lamb, 27. George Gordon, Lord Byron, 28. Percy Bysshe Shelley, 29, John Keats, 30. Alfred Tennyson, 31. William Makepeace Thackeray, 32. Charles Dickens, 33. Robert Browning, 34. John Ruskin, 35. Mathew Arnold, 36. Thomas Hardy, 37, Abraham Stroker, 38. Robert Louis Stevenson, 39. George Bernard Shaw, 40. William Butler Yeats, 41. Rudyard Kipling, 42. H.G. Wells, 43. Walter de la Mare, 44. William Somerset Maugham, 45. John Masefield, 46. James Joyce, 47. Virginia Woolf, 48. T.S. Eliot, 49. Katherine Mansfield, 50. John Boynton Priestley
Created by Channel Philippines Network, the idea of the radio station germinated in 2006. Test broadcast started in late 2007. The broadcast studio is located in the heart of the United Kingdom in London, England.
CHANNEL PHILIPPINES NETWORK LIMITED
Registered in England and Wales
Registration No 06970078
Persian has ca. 110 million native speakers, holding official status respectively in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan. For centuries Persian has also been a prestigious cultural language in Central Asia, South Asia, and Western Asia.
Persian has had a considerable influence (mainly in the lexicon) on neighboring languages, particularly the Turkic languages in Central Asia, Caucasus, and Anatolia, neighboring Iranian languages, as well as Armenian, and Indo-Aryan languages, especially Urdu. It has exerted less influence on Arabic, while borrowing much vocabulary from it.
Tamil is one of the longest surviving classical languages in the world. It has been described as "the only language of contemporary India which is recognizably continuous with a classical past" and having "one of the richest literatures in the world". Tamil literature has existed for over 2000 years. The earliest epigraphic records found on rock edicts and hero stones date from around the 3rd century BCE. The earliest period of Tamil literature, Sangam literature, is dated from the 300 BCE – 300 CE. Tamil language inscriptions written c. 1st century BCE and 2nd century CE have been discovered in Egypt, Sri Lanka and Thailand. The two earliest manuscripts from India, to be acknowledged and registered by UNESCO Memory of the World register in 1997 and 2005 were in Tamil. More than 55% of the epigraphical inscriptions (about 55,000) found by the Archaeological Survey of India are in the Tamil language. According to a 2001 survey, there were 1,863 newspapers published in Tamil, of which 353 were dailies. It has the oldest extant literature amongst other Dravidian languages. The variety and quality of classical Tamil literature has led to its being described as "one of the great classical traditions and literatures of the world".
(தமிழ், tamiḻ, [t̪ɐmɨɻ] ?)
Tamil belongs to the southern branch of the Dravidian languages, a family of around 26 languages native to the Indian subcontinent. It is also classified as being part of a Tamil language family, which alongside Tamil proper, also includes the languages of about 35 ethno-linguistic groups such as the Irula, and Yerukula languages.
The closest major relative of Tamil is Malayalam. Until about the 9th century, Malayalam was a dialect of Tamil. Although many of the differences between Tamil and Malayalam demonstrate a pre-historic split of the western dialect, the process of separation into a distinct language, Malayalam, was not completed until sometime in the 13th or 14th century.
Daco-Romanian; obsolete spellings Rumanian, Roumanian; self-designation: română, limba română [ˈlimba roˈmɨnə] ( listen) ("the Romanian language") or românește
Spanish author Miguel de Cervantes once called Portuguese "the sweet language" and Spanish playwright Lope de Vega referred to it as "sweet", while the Brazilian writer Olavo Bilac poetically described it as a última flor do Lácio, inculta e bela (the last flower of Latium, uncultured and beautiful). Portuguese is also termed "the language of Camões", after one of Portugal's greatest literary figures, Luís Vaz de Camões.
In March 2006, the Museum of the Portuguese Language, an interactive museum about the Portuguese language, was founded in São Paulo, Brazil, the city with the greatest number of Portuguese-language speakers in the world.
With a total of 236 million speakers, Portuguese is the 6th most spoken language in the world, the 3rd most spoken language in the western hemisphere, and the most spoken language in the southern hemisphere.
português or língua portuguesa
The Kurdish language itself has about 16 million speakers today. According to KONDA, 11.97% of the total population of Turkey speaks Kurdish as their native or second language. According to the CIA World Factbook, 9% of total population of Iran speaks Kurdish. The actual number of ethnic Kurds is higher than speakers of Kurdish varieties, estimated to be between 25–30 million.
Kurdish is not a unified standard language but a discursive construct of languages spoken by ethnic Kurds, referring to a group of speech varieties that are not necessarily mutually intelligible unless there has been considerable prior contact between their speakers. The second official language of Iraq, referred to only as 'Kurdish' in political documents, is in fact an academic and standardized version of the Sorani dialect of a branch of languages spoken by Kurds.
(Kurdish: Kurdî or کوردی)
Pashto belongs to the Northeastern Iranic branch of the Indo-Iranian language family, although Ethnologue lists it as Southeastern Iranic. The number of Pashtuns or Pashto-speakers is estimated 50-60 million people world wide. Pashto is one of the two official languages of Afghanistan (the other being Dari Persian), and a regional language in western and northwestern Pakistan.
پښتو, also transliterated Pax̌to, Paxto, Pukhto, Pushto or Pashtu), also known as Afghani (Persian: افغانی) and Pathani (Urdu: پٹھانی, Hindi: पठानी Paṭhānī)
Mughals hailed from the Barlas tribe which was of Mongol origin, the tribe had embraced Turkic and Persian culture, and resided in Turkestan and Khorasan. Their mother tongue was the Chaghatai language (known to them as Turkī, "Turkic") and they were equally at home in Persian, the lingua franca of the Timurid elite. but after their arrival in the Indian subcontinent, the need to communicate with local inhabitants led to use of Indic languages written in the Persian alphabet, with some literary conventions and vocabulary retained from Persian and Turkic; this eventually became a new standard called Hindustani, which is the direct predecessor of Urdu. Urdu is often contrasted with Hindi. Apart from religious associations, the differences are largely restricted to the standard forms: Standard Urdu is conventionally written in the Nastaliq style of the Persian alphabet and relies heavily on Persian and Arabic as a source for technical and literary vocabulary, whereas Standard Hindi is conventionally written in Devanāgarī and draws on Sanskrit. However, both have large numbers of Persian, Arabic, and Sanskrit words, and most linguists consider them to be two standardized forms of the same language, and consider the differences to be sociolinguistic, though a few classify them separately. Mutual intelligibility decreases in literary and specialized contexts which rely on educated vocabulary. Due to religious nationalism since the partition of British India and continued communal tensions, native speakers of both Hindi and Urdu frequently assert them to be completely distinct languages, despite the numerous similarities between the two in a colloquial setting. However, it is quite easy to distinguish differences in vocabulary.
The word Urdu is derived from the same Turkish word that has given English horde. Urdu arose in the contact situation which developed from the invasions of the Indian subcontinent by Turkic dynasties from the 11th century onwards, first as Sultan Mahmud of the Ghaznavid empire conquered Punjab in the early 11th century, then when the Ghurids invaded northern India in the 12th century, and most decisively with the establishment of the Delhi Sultanate.
The official language of the Ghurids, Delhi Sultanate, the Mughal Empire, and their successor states, as well as the cultured language of poetry and literature, was Persian, while the language of religion was Arabic. Most of the Sultans and nobility in the Sultanate period were Turks from Central Asia who spoke Turkic as their mother tongue. The Mughals were also Chagatai, but later adopted Persian. Muzaffar Alam asserts that Persian became the lingua franca of the empire under Akbar for various political and social factors due to its non-sectarian and fluid nature. However, the armies, merchants, preachers, Sufis, and later the court, also incorporated the local people and the medieval Hindu literary language, Braj Bhasha.
Amandeep was voluntarily running first and only weekly Punjabi program in rural region of Coffs Harbour (NSW), famous as Woolgoolga, the village of first Punjabi/Indian settlement in Australia. The program was a huge success in distributing information, entertainment and running community programs.
Since year 2000 Australia is experiencing a huge migration boom from Indian subcontinent especially from Punjab. The streets of big cities like Melbourne and Sydney never seen a big number of Indian youth ever before. For the large population of Indians in foreign land there was a need of community based radio channel. Amandeep tried his best to convert this need into an opportunity to serve the community and mother tongue . He started working on this bigger goal.
There was 3 stage plan to start 24 hour broadcasting in Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane. There were number of limitations at first stage. The biggest was lack of spectrum availability in major city for specific language broadcasting(and it still is). After lot of research, side band of FM channel was chosen which is more commonly known as 'chip radio' in Canada and subscription model was chosen. Teams were formed which took various responsibilities such as studio building, instrumentation, quality control, advisory, etc. Program structure and content was discussed and planned. The first 24 hour test broadcast covering Sydney was conducted on 3rd July 2006. The official live launch was on 29th September, 2006. Programs improved day by day and more concepts were launched.
Harman Radio was the channel which exclusively targeted Indian audiences for 24 hours a day 7 days a week. Having studio and corporate office in Sydney, studios in Melbourne and Muktsar (Punjab), we broadcasted all across Sydney and Melbourne in Punjabi and Hindi. We also feel proud for being the first ever to live broadcast of Sports, Cultural and Religious activities of Indian origin in Australia. Being pioneers within the industry, we also contributed to the Indian community businesses by promoting their products and services on our Radio.
Day at Harman Radio would start with Gurbani at 4 am with Asa Di Vaar, followed by morning Gurbani, Shabad Kirtan and Katha till 8 am. 8.00 to 9.00am was Bhajan followed by the morning program which includes live news from Australia and India, Traffic, Weather, requests, etc. During day, theme based programs such as "Apni Saanjh" based on northern India's History, Literature and Poetry, "Heer Majajan" based on Punjabi Boliyan, "Matinee Masala" based on Bollywood Commentaries and Stories, etc were very popular.
Time from 3.00 to 5:00pm was set for afternoon programs with different themes everyday. At five, the live news bulletin was much anticipated by the listeners. 5:30 to 7:00pm was the most listened time slot in which we had evening Gurbani program which included Rehras Shabads, Dharmik Geet, Viakhia, Hukamnama Sahib and Religious announcements. Following Live news were evening Programs which included "Mix it Up" for youth, Bollywood mix, Deson Pardes, Patari, etc. Talk back programs such as "Baatan te Bhujartaan", Current affairs during weekdays, Fulwari on Sunday morning, Gupp Shupp, etc. "Khed Tarag" sports program were designed to give voice to community and were very successful.
Repeat programs from weekdays were also played during the weekends.
People joined in for their presentations. Harman radio provide a platform for Local Australian Punjabi youth to show their talent and capability as presenters, newsreader and in technical support. Extensive training was provided by experienced presenters of Harman radio to new presenters willing to contribute for community and our language.
ភាសាខ្មែរ, IPA: [pʰiːəsaː kʰmaːe]; or more formally, ខេមរភាសា, IPA: [kʰeɛmaʔraʔ pʰiːəsaː]), or Cambodian