Note:- If any FM station not playing, Then problem from particular FM station. Try other FM station..
400+ Punch & Comedy Dialogues, Ringtones from Tamil Movie Stars and Comedians.
1 Govandamani Exclusive Comedy Dialogues
2.SANTHANAM comedy Dialogues
3.DHANUSH's Punch Dialogue
4.Karunas comedy Dialogues
5. Rajini Punch Dialogues
6. Kamal Punch Dialogues
7. Vijay Punch Dialogues
8. Kamal Hassan Punch Dialogues
9. Vivek comedy Dialogues
10. Vadivelu Comedy Dialogues
11. Surya Punch Dialogues
Version 1.5 New Entries
12. T.R (T Rajendar) Punch or Comedy Dialogues
13. M.R Radha Comedy Dialogues
14. Ajith Punch Dialogues
15. Sathyaraj Punch or Lollu Dialogues
16. Sasikumar Punch Dialogues
17. Karthick Punch Dialogues
"S" Enjoy ! All dialogues
Listen and set as Ringtones or Notification over 400+ Superhit Tamil Movie Punch Dialogues and Hilarious Comedy Dialogues by Kollywood stars like Rajini, Kamal, Vijay, Goundamani, Santhanam, Vadivelu, , Vijayakanth, Senthil, Vivek, Surya, Simbu, Vikram, Karunas,Dhanush ,T Rajendar, M.R Radha,Ajith,Sathyaraj, Sasikumar and Karthick all in one place.
Please don't forget to review the app on the Android Market, I'm sure you'll love it !
Listen to latest, hit, tamil songs on your favourite, tamil FM, radio.
110+ Radio stations to switch between and listen live.
♪♬ Included radio stations: ♬♪
✔ A9 Radio
✔ Arangam Radio
✔ Air Tamil Radio
✔ Deepam Radio
✔ Tharanga Radio
✔ and many more ...
(Request new stations, by sending us a e-mail!)
▷▶ Features: ◀◁
✔ [NEW] Now search & add songs to the radio app to listen.
✔ [NEW] Record Live Radios, to listen them even when you are offline.
✔ [NEW] Search from thousands of live radio station available on Internet.
✔ [NEW] Equalizer to control Volume, Bass & Presets.
✔ [NEW] Visualizer.
✔ Music stops on incoming call or incoming message.
✔ Sleep Timer, Pause Button, Mute Button.
✔ Cool & Easy User Interface.
✔ Light weighted, Notifications, Multitasking, Station Details, Exit Button, which shutdown the app.
✔ Send to Back Button, to run radio in background mode.
✔ My List, to manage your favourite radio stations & Add Custom radio stations.
READ_PHONE_STATE: Is only used to stop the play back if you get a call.
WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE: To store the recorded song on the phone disk.
Note: Online Radio uses Internet data for streaming Internet radios, so carrier data charges may apply(for GPRS, 3G). For best results, Connect your device to WiFi networks. This app is ad supported.
The album has 7 tracks, each set in a different flavor. While there is ‘Mersalaayitten’ sung by Anirudh Ravichander, which is a local fun number but with an A.R. Rahman twist to it. ‘Ennodu Nee Irundhaal’ & ‘Pookkalae Sattru Oyivedungal’ are gorgeous romantic melodies sung by Sid Sriram/Sunitha Sarathy & Haricharan/Shreya Ghoshal respectively. ‘Ladio’ and ‘Aila Aila’ are the essential dance numbers that sway to international tunes. Chinmayi has rendered the reprise version of ‘Ennodu Nee Irundhaal’, which is another beautiful track in the whole album. With Lyrics written by Kabilan & Karky, ‘I’ is a treat for all music lovers.
Download the FREE "I" TAMIL MOVIE SONGS App and get immersed into a heart-warming music experience.
Connect with Sony Music Entertainment
1. Like us on Facebook - : https://www.facebook.com/SonyMusicSouth
2. Follow us on Twitter - https://twitter.com/SonyMusicSouth
3. Google+ - https://plus.google.com/+SonyMusicSouth/posts
4. Exclusive HD Videos on VEVO – https://www.youtube.com/user/SonyMusicSouthVEVO
Love Us ? Like Us ? Then Rate Us
In case of any issues, reach us on and send feedback to : email@example.com
All content available on this application is legitimate and duly licensed by Sony Music Entertainment India Pvt Ltd. All rights reserved.
Tamil Movie Songs has a collection of New Tamil Movie Songs and Popular Tamil Movie Songs giving you an ultimate collection of Indian Tamil Songs in your pocket.
Get a rare collection of Kollywood Movie Songs from the Latest Movies Anjaan, Kaaviya Thalaivan, Kochadaiiyaan, Naan Sigappu Manithan, Yaan, Maan Karate and more Upcomings and Popular Movies Vaaranam Aayiram, Vinnaithaandi Varuvaayaa, Singam, Mankatha, Vishwaroopam and a lot more from the Music Composed by famous Music Directors A.R. Rahman, Shankar Ehsaan Loy, Harris Jayaraj, G.V. Prakash Kumar.
If you would ask question to yourself, From where would i get an Awesome Collection of Tamil Movie Songs?? You have come to the Right Place/ Right App.
Listen and Download the Songs from the Latest and Popular Tamil Movies. Just hit play button to play the song. Also you can share it on various social networks.
Download the FREE Tamil Movie Songs App and get immersed into a heart-warming music experience.
Connect with Sony Music Entertainment
Like us on Facebook - : https://www.facebook.com/SonyMusicSouth
Follow us on Twitter - https://twitter.com/SonyMusicSouth
Google+ - https://plus.google.com/+SonyMusicSouth/posts
Exclusive HD Videos on VEVO – https://www.youtube.com/user/SonyMusicSouthVEVO
Love Us? Like Us ?? Then Rate Us
In case of any issues, reach us on , send feedback: firstname.lastname@example.org
All content available on this application is legitimate and duly licensed by Sony Music Entertainment India Pvt Ltd. All rights reserved.
1. User friendly and Seamless navigation entertainment
2. Non stop comedies and Songs from legends
3. Excellent Collection of Songs and Galleries
4. Amazing FM's from various regions
5. Fastest Search from Youtube
6. Easy to share with friends and families!!!
In-App Purchases: This app contains a donate button which will let you donate a predefined amount to the developer.
Note: This app is an internet-radio player and not a radio station. This app does not host the streams being played and is not responsible for the content or language used in the streams. Content copyright is owned by the respective radio stations. If you notice any offensive, crude, improper or copyrighted content being played, please raise a DTW request with the app developer to have the offending stream or channel removed.
New Tamil Radio is easy to use, and best of all, free. Try it today and see for yourself.. Leave your comments to include your favourite radio station, we will do our best to include it in upcoming days.
Here is the updated Radio List:
Jil Jil FM
Tamil Clubhouse Radio
They are written by our best, most serious and experienced astrologers.
You can view your daily "Raasi Palan' upto 30 days without connecting to internet.
You also get a mini Tamil Calendar with
Tamil month and date
Good time of the day
Raavu kaalam and
“Tamil Astrology” gets you well-equipped for the day ahead.
Run "Isai FM- Tamil Android" and continue to use your phone for other purposes and you will have the application moved to the top notification.
This App Requires good Internet Connection so make sure you are connected to internet before using this app.
-Play/Pause/Stop Live Radio Stream
-Display Album, Artist & Track Info (v1.2)
-Display Album Art / Cover Image (v1.2)
-Different Layout for Landscape Mode (v1.2)
-Full Native Application
-Supports Android 2.2 & Up
* Best collection of online radios at your finger tips
* Remembers the last station you played. So just pop open the app and enjoy the tunes
* And its Free.
* The songs are streamed from internet. So data tariffs may apply on 3g. Beware while using it on 3g network as it takes bandwidth for streaming.
***** This FREE APP And Its not contained any ads in the notification tray and/or home screen. ~ Thank you! *****
Listen to your favorite radio stations and talk shows now from anywhere in the world through your Android device.
With over 35 radio stations streaming from around the world, videos of Tamil YouTube news and entertainment channels, up-to-the minute news from leading newspapers, you have a one-stop entertainment App.
This is the first android app for large collection of Tamil funny pictures shares. You can reduce your stress using our app and you can share with your friends via Facebook or save images. We will update funny pictures daily. you can share your funny picture via our page or mail and we will add them in fresh category.
You can view pictures in seven categories.
★ Fresh (update daily)
★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★
You can easily share on Facebook.
Save and share other Medias.
Downloading picture size is decided by bandwidth and phone memory.
Easy and fast access for large collection of Tamil funny pictures.
Controls download pictures and cache size.
FOR LATEST UPDATES AND PROMOTIONS
Like us on Facebook and share your funny pics- https://www.facebook.com/pages/Tamil-Funny-Pics/241021399420779?ref=hl
Send your funny pics - email@example.com
Don’t forget to share our app on Facebook.
★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★
Mr Sergey Tarasevich (UIL)
All Facebook Tamil troll and Tamil funny page admin.
★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★
Key Words : Tamil troll, Tamil,funny, comedy , picture, tamil image, tamil photo , comedy pictures, lol image ,tamil memes,picture joke, funny pics, very funny picture tamil, damlol,pics, Tamil, facebook funny image,fb funny pics, facebook tamil share,why this kolaveri,soup boys, தமிழ் ,படம் ,புகைப்படம்
We will update the funny comments pictures regularly. You don’t need to download the application again for new pictures.
All pictures are taken from internet and other social media pages.
special thanks to "Tamil Kadhal Kavithaigal" facebook page.
Using this application, you can share the pictures in below applications
you can also copy the image link and post in your friends facebook status comments.
Easy and Fast retrieval of images. All images are less than 10kb files. So it will download very fast.
you can save the image in your phone memory and use it whenever you want.
Sri Lanka Radio- FREE
Shakti FM of Sri Lanka
Sinhala FM- Sri Lankan Music
Kiss FM of Sri Lanka
Radio Colombo of Sri Linaka
Best of Sri Lanka
Cricket News of Sri Lanka
Plus, you will learn about great writers like:-
1. Geoffrey Chaucer, 2. Edmund Spencer, 3. Francis Bacon, 4. Christopher Marlowe, 5. William Shakespeare, 6. Ben Johnson, 7. John Milton, 8. John Bunyan, 9. John Dryden, 10. Daniel Defoe, 11. Jonathan Swift, 12. Joseph Addison, 13. Alexander Pope, 14. Samuel Johnson, 15. Thomas Gray, 16. Oliver Goldsmith, 17. Edmund Burke, 18. William Cowper, 19. William Blake, 20. Robert Burns, 21. William Wordsworth, 22. Sir Walter Scott, 23. Samuel Taylor Coleridge, 24. Robert Southway, 25. Jane Austen, 26. Charles Lamb, 27. George Gordon, Lord Byron, 28. Percy Bysshe Shelley, 29, John Keats, 30. Alfred Tennyson, 31. William Makepeace Thackeray, 32. Charles Dickens, 33. Robert Browning, 34. John Ruskin, 35. Mathew Arnold, 36. Thomas Hardy, 37, Abraham Stroker, 38. Robert Louis Stevenson, 39. George Bernard Shaw, 40. William Butler Yeats, 41. Rudyard Kipling, 42. H.G. Wells, 43. Walter de la Mare, 44. William Somerset Maugham, 45. John Masefield, 46. James Joyce, 47. Virginia Woolf, 48. T.S. Eliot, 49. Katherine Mansfield, 50. John Boynton Priestley
This app has been developed by iHues Media Ltd in an effort to bring Punjabi content on all mobile devices. We want to bring our language to level of recent changes in technologies. This app will include news in Punjabi from Punjab and other part of the world, news related to Sikhs, Khalsa and Sikhism. Also, we'll be bringing news from Bollywood and Punjabi movie world. We are planing to create more language apps related to Punjabi songs, Punjabi music, and Punjabi Literature. News from Gurdwara and other Gurbani Shabad Kirtan will also be featured in our next apps. Hope, our work will be appreciated by large Punjabi community all over the world. It will also bring young and new generation close to Punjab, Punjabi and Punjabiyat. Sat Sri Akaal.
Sardar Ajit Singh Badh
Jasbir Singh Badh
Host of Awaaz-E-Punjab:
Prof. Gurvinder Singh Dhaliwal
Host of Punjabi-E-Zubane:
Surinderjit Singh Bains
News Reporter / Host of Desi Gaane Desi Gallan:
Host of Gurbani Vichar and Dilaan Di Sanjh:
Host of the Deep Kiran Show:
Host of Des Aur Pardes:
Kashmir S. Janda
Co-Host of Political Rung with Mike de Jong:
Host of Lok Sath:
Harjit Singh Gill
Host of Geetan Bhari Peetari:
Host of Sabrang:
Host of Bol Mitti Deya Baveya:
Dr. Raminder Pal S. Kang
Host of Shamadaan:
Dr. Jasbir Singh Romana
Business, Sports and Entertainment Reporter:
Diljeet Singh Brar
Host of Gurbani Vichaar and Sanje Dharkan:
Bhupinder Singh Dhami
Copyright © 2008-2012 AM 1550 Sher-E-Punjab Radio Broadcasting Services Inc. All rights reserved
In 1999 there were, according to Ethnologue, 358 million people speaking Spanish as a native language and a total of 417 million speakers worldwide. Currently these figures are up to 400 and 500 million people respectively. Mexico contains the largest population of Spanish speakers. Spanish is one of the six official languages of the United Nations, and is used as an official language by the European Union and Mercosur.
Spanish is a part of the Ibero-Romance group that evolved from several dialects of spoken Latin in central-northern Iberia around the ninth century and gradually spread with the expansion of the Kingdom of Castile (present northern Spain) into central and southern Iberia during the later Middle Ages. Early in its history, the Spanish vocabulary was enriched by its contact with Basque and Arabic, and the language continues to adopt foreign words from a variety of other languages, as well as developing new words. Spanish was taken most notably to the Americas as well as to Africa and Asia-Pacific with the expansion of the Spanish Empire between the fifteenth and nineteenth centuries, where it became the most important language for government and trade.
Due to its increasing presence in the demographics and popular culture of the United States, particularly in the fast-growing states of the Sun Belt, Spanish is the most popular second language learned by native speakers of American English. The increasing political stability and economies of many larger Hispanophone nations, the language's immense geographic extent in Latin America and Europe for tourism, and the growing popularity of warmer, more affordable, and culturally vibrant retirement destinations found in the Hispanic world have contributed significantly to the growth of learning Spanish as a foreign language across the globe.
Spanish is the third most commonly used language on the Internet after English and Mandarin. It is also the second most studied language and second language in international communication, after English, in the world.
The Spanish Royal Academy, on the other hand, currently uses the term español in its publications but from 1713 to 1923 called the language castellano.
Two etymologies for español have been suggested. The Spanish Royal Academy Dictionary derives the term from the Provençal word espaignol, and that in turn from the Medieval Latin word Hispaniolus, 'from—or pertaining to—Hispania'. Other authorities attribute it to a supposed medieval Latin *hispaniōne, with the same meaning. The Diccionario panhispánico de dudas (a language guide published by the Spanish Royal Academy) states that, although the Spanish Royal Academy prefers to use the term español in its publications when referring to the Spanish language, both terms, español and castellano, are regarded as synonymous and equally valid.
The name castellano is preferred in all of Spanish-speaking South America except Colombia. The term español is more commonly used to refer to the language as a whole when relating to a global context.
Persian has ca. 110 million native speakers, holding official status respectively in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan. For centuries Persian has also been a prestigious cultural language in Central Asia, South Asia, and Western Asia.
Persian has had a considerable influence (mainly in the lexicon) on neighboring languages, particularly the Turkic languages in Central Asia, Caucasus, and Anatolia, neighboring Iranian languages, as well as Armenian, and Indo-Aryan languages, especially Urdu. It has exerted less influence on Arabic, while borrowing much vocabulary from it.
#201, 12830-80 Ave.,
Surrey, B.C., V3S 3M6, Canada
Radio India provides a comprehensive service to the South Asian Community including a variety of South Asian Music ranging from Classical to the latest South Asian Hit Music. We also feature
• News updates 12 times daily
• Informative and lively talk & debate shows
• Informational segments
• Public Service Announcements in Punjabi, Hindi Urdu and English languages.
In the lower mainland of British Columbia and in some areas of Washington State (USA), you can enjoy these programs live on KVRI 1600 AM.
The ancestor of the Yoruba speakers is, according to their oral traditions, Oduduwa. Although they share a common history, it is only since the second half of the nineteenth century that the children of Oduduwa share one name. At some stage the term Yariba or Yoruba came into use, first confined to the Ọyọ Kingdom; the term was used among the Hausa (as it is today) but its origins are unclear. In part due to the development of a written standard, the term Yoruba was extended to include all speakers of the language.
Linguistic means — including, for example, historical-comparative linguistics, glottochronology, and dialectology — used along with both traditional (oral) historical sources and archaeological finds, have shed some light on the history of the Yorubas and their language before this point. The North-West Yoruba dialects, for example, show more linguistic innovations. According to some, this, combined with the fact that Southeast and Central Yoruba areas generally have older settlements, suggests a later date of immigration for Northwest Yoruba.
native name èdè Yorùbá, 'the Yorùbá language'
Irish was the predominant language of the Irish people for most of their recorded history, and they brought their Gaelic speech with them to other countries, notably Scotland and the Isle of Man, where it gave rise to Scottish Gaelic and Manx. It has the oldest vernacular literature in Western Europe. It began to decline under English and British rule after the seventeenth century. The nineteenth century saw a dramatic decrease in the number of speakers especially after the Great Famine of 1845–1852 (where Ireland lost 20–25% of its population either to emigration or death). Irish-speaking areas were especially hard hit. By the end of British rule, the language was spoken by less than 15% of the national population. Since then, Irish speakers have been in the minority except in areas collectively known as the Gaeltacht. Ongoing efforts have been made to preserve, promote and revive the language, particularly the Gaelic Revival.
The roots of the language can be traced to Central Asia, with the first known written records dating back nearly 1,300 years. To the west, the influence of Ottoman Turkish—the variety of the Turkish language that was used as the administrative and literary language of the Ottoman Empire—spread as the Ottoman Empire expanded. In 1928, as one of Atatürk's Reforms in the early years of the Republic of Turkey, the Ottoman script was replaced with a Latin alphabet. Concurrently, the newly founded Turkish Language Association initiated a drive to reform and standardize the language.
The distinctive characteristics of Turkish are vowel harmony and extensive agglutination. The basic word order of Turkish is subject–object–verb. Turkish has no noun classes or grammatical gender. Turkish has a strong T-V distinction and usage of honorifics. Turkish uses second-person pronouns that distinguish varying levels of politeness, social distance, age, courtesy or familiarity toward the addressee. The plural second-person pronoun and verb forms are used referring to a single person out of respect. On occasion, double plural second-person "sizler" may be used to refer to a much-respected person.
Türkçe, also referred to as Istanbul Turkish
Turkish is a member of the Oghuz group of languages, a subgroup of the Turkic languages. There is a high degree of mutual intelligibility between Turkish and the other Oghuz languages, including Azerbaijani, Turkmen, Qashqai, Gagauz, and Balkan Gagauz Turkish. The Turkic family comprises some 30 living languages spoken across Eastern Europe, Central Asia, and Siberia. Some linguists believe the Turkic languages to be a part of a larger Altaic language family. About 40% of all speakers of Turkic languages are native Turkish speakers. The characteristic features of Turkish, such as vowel harmony, agglutination, and lack of grammatical gender, are universal within the Turkic family and the Altaic languages.
The earliest known Turkic inscriptions are the two monumental Orkhon inscriptions found in modern Mongolia. Erected in honour of the prince Kul Tigin and his brother Emperor Bilge Khan, and dating back to some time between 732 and 735, they constitute another important early record. After the discovery and excavation of these monuments and associated stone slabs by Russian archaeologists in the wider area surrounding the Orkhon Valley between 1889 and 1893, it became established that the language on the inscriptions was the Old Turkic language written using the Orkhon script, which has also been referred to as "Turkic runes" or "runiform" due to a superficial similarity to the Germanic runic alphabets.
With the Turkic expansion during Early Middle Ages (c. 6th–11th centuries), peoples speaking Turkic languages spread across Central Asia, covering a vast geographical region stretching from Siberia to Europe and the Mediterranean. The Seljuqs of the Oghuz Turks, in particular, brought their language, Oghuz Turkic—the direct ancestor of today's Turkish language—into Anatolia during the 11th century. Also during the 11th century, an early linguist of the Turkic languages, Mahmud al-Kashgari from the Kara-Khanid Khanate, published the first comprehensive Turkic language dictionary and map of the geographical distribution of Turkic speakers in the Compendium of the Turkic Dialects (Ottoman Turkish: Divânü Lügati't-Türk).
Abrar-ul-Haq, Alam Lohar, Alfaaz, Aman Hayer, Amar Singh Chamkila, Amrinder Gill, Anamika, Anurag Malik, Anurag Malik
Apache Indian, Arif Lohar, Arvind Kumar, Asa Singh Mastana
Attaullah Khan Essa Khailwi, Baba Sehgal, Babbu Mann, Bally Sagoo, Bhagwant Maan, Bikram Singh, Binde Shah, Channi Singh
Daler Mehndi, Didar Sandhu, Diljit Dosanjh, Dr Madan Gopal Singh, Foji Gill, Gippy Grewal, Gurdas Maan, Hadiqa Kiyani,
Hans Raj Hans, Harbhajan Maan, Harjit Harman, Harshdeep Kaur
H-Dhami, Honey Singh, Imran Khan, Jagjit Singh, Jasbir Jassi, Jaspal Bhatti, Jaspinder Narula, Jassi Sidhu, Jaswinder Brar, Jawad Ahmad, Jaz Dhami, Jazzy B, Kamal Heer
Kanth Kaler, Kiran Ahluwalia, Kuldeep Manak, Kulwinder Dhillon, Labh Janjua, Lal Chand Yamla Jatt, Lehmber Hussainpuri, Malkit Singh, Mallika Jyoti, Manmohan Waris, Mansoor Ali Malangi, Master Saleem, Mika Singh, Miss Pooja,
Mona Singh, Nachhatar Gill, Nirmal Sidhu, Noor Jehan, Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, Pammi Bai, Sarbjit Cheema, Sardool Sikander, Satinder Sartaj, Satinder Satti, Sazi Judge, Shamshad Begum, Shazia Manzoor, Shingara Singh, Soni Pabla, Sukhbir, Sukhwinder Singh, Sukshinder Shinda, Surinder Kaur
Surinder Shinda, Surj Sahota Surjit Bindrakhia Yudhvir Manak
For various reasons, including Territorial legislation establishing English as the official language in schools, the number of native speakers of Hawaiian gradually decreased during the period from the 1830s to the 1950s. Hawaiian was essentially displaced by English on six of the seven inhabited islands. As of 2001, native speakers of Hawaiian amount to under 0.1% of the statewide population. Linguists are worried about the fate of this and other endangered languages.
Tongan is one of the many languages in the Polynesian branch of the Austronesian languages, along with Hawaiian, Maori, Samoan and Tahitian, for example. Together with Niuean, it forms the Tongic subgroup of Polynesian.
Tongan is unusual among Polynesian languages in that it has a so-called definitive accent. Like all Polynesian languages, Tongan has adapted the phonological system of proto-Polynesian.
Tongan has retained the original proto-Polynesian *h, but has merged it with the original *s as /h/. (The /s/ found in modern Tongan derives from *t before high front vowels). Most Polynesian languages have lost the original proto-Polynesian glottal stop /q/; however, it has been retained in Tongan and a few other languages including Rapa Nui.
In proto-Polynesian, *r and *l were distinct phonemes, but in most Polynesian languages they have merged, represented orthographically as r in most East Polynesian languages, and as l in most West Polynesian languages. However, the distinction can be reconstructed because Tongan kept the *l but lost the *r.
The Kurdish language itself has about 16 million speakers today. According to KONDA, 11.97% of the total population of Turkey speaks Kurdish as their native or second language. According to the CIA World Factbook, 9% of total population of Iran speaks Kurdish. The actual number of ethnic Kurds is higher than speakers of Kurdish varieties, estimated to be between 25–30 million.
Kurdish is not a unified standard language but a discursive construct of languages spoken by ethnic Kurds, referring to a group of speech varieties that are not necessarily mutually intelligible unless there has been considerable prior contact between their speakers. The second official language of Iraq, referred to only as 'Kurdish' in political documents, is in fact an academic and standardized version of the Sorani dialect of a branch of languages spoken by Kurds.
(Kurdish: Kurdî or کوردی)