National Anthem Of France

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"La Marseillaise" (/ˌmɑːrsəˈleɪz, ˌmɑːrseɪˈ(j)ɛz/ MAR-sə-LAYZ, MAR-say-(Y)EZ, French: [la maʁsɛjɛːz]) is the national anthem of France. The song was written in 1792 by Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle in Strasbourg after the declaration of war by France against Austria, and was originally titled "Chant de guerre pour l'Armée du Rhin" ("War Song for the Rhine Army").

The French National Convention adopted it as the Republic's anthem in 1795. The song acquired its nickname after being sung in Paris by volunteers from Marseille marching to the capital. The song is the first example of the "European march" anthemic style. The anthem's evocative melody and lyrics have led to its widespread use as a song of revolution and its incorporation into many pieces of classical and popular music.

Several musical antecedents have been cited for the melody:

Tema e variazioni in Do maggiore, a work by the Italian violinist Giovanni Battista Viotti (composed in 1781).
Mozart's Allegro maestoso of Piano Concerto No. 25 (composed in 1786).
the oratorio Esther by Jean Baptiste Lucien Grison (composed in 1787).

Other attributions (the credo of the fourth mass of Holtzmann of Mursberg[14]) have been refuted.

Rouget de Lisle himself never signed the Marseillaise score.
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Updated
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