Arabic music or Arab music (Arabic: الموسيقى العربية – ALA-LC: al-mūsīqá al-‘Arabīyah) is the music of the Arab world.
Arab music, while independent and very alive, has a long history of interaction with many other regional musical styles and genres. It is an amalgam of the music of the Arab people in the Arabian Peninsula and the music of all the peoples that make up the Arab world today. As was the case in other artistic and scientific fields, Arabs translated and developed Greek texts and works of music and mastered the musical theory of the Greeks (i.e. Systema ametabolon, enharmonium, chromatikon, diatonon).
Pre-Islamic Arab music was similar to that of Ancient Middle Eastern music. Most historians agree that there existed distinct forms of music in the Arabian peninsula in the pre-Islamic period between the 5th and 7th century AD. Arab poets of that time—called shu`ara' al-Jahiliyah (شعراء الجاهلية) or "Jahili poets", meaning "the poets of the period of ignorance"—used to recite poems with a high notes.
It was believed that Jinns revealed poems to poets and music to musicians. The choir at the time served as a pedagogic facility where the educated poets would recite their poems. Singing was not thought to be the work of these intellectuals and was instead entrusted to women with beautiful voices who would learn how to play some instruments used at that time such as the drum, the oud or the rebab, and perform the songs while respecting the poetic metre. The compositions were simple and every singer would sing in a single maqam. Among the notable songs of the period were the huda (from which the ghina derived), the nasb, sanad, and rukbani.
Both compositions and improvisations in traditional Arabic music are based on the maqam system. Maqams can be realized with either vocal or instrumental music, and do not include a rhythmic component.
Al-Kindi (801–873 AD) was the first great theoretician of Arabic music. He proposed adding a fifth string to the oud and discussed the cosmological connotations of music.He surpassed the achievement of the Greek musicians in using the alphabetical annotation for one eighth.[vague] He published fifteen treatises on music theory, but only five have survived. In one of his treatises the word musiqa was used for the first time in Arabic.
Abulfaraj (897–967) wrote a great book about music. Kitab al-Aghani is an encyclopedic collection of poems and songs that runs to over 20 volumes in modern editions.
Al-Farabi (872-950) wrote a notable book on music titled Kitab al-Musiqi al-Kabir (The Great Book of Music). His pure Arabian tone system is still used in Arabic music.
Al-Ghazali (1059–1111) wrote a treatise on music in Persia which declared, "Ecstasy means the state that comes from listening to music".
In 1252, Safi al-Din developed a unique form of musical notation, where rhythms were represented by geometric representation. A similar geometric representation would not appear in the Western world until 1987, when Kjell Gustafson published a method to represent a rhythm as a two-dimensional graph.
Put the tuner near the instrument, play a note, and see what it is. The tuner shows the note (eg F#), the frequency (eg 362.4Hz) the octave (A in octave 4 is 440Hz) and the tuning error in percent. (The error is the percentage towards the next semi-tone, up or down, ie +25% would be exactly 1/4 of the way towards the next higher semi-tone).
As well as giving you the precise tuning ('concert pitch'), the tuner can also be set to tune slightly 'off pitch' for instruments that for one reason or another cannot be brought right to 'concert pitch'.
Say you are tuning a piano and it is well out of tune. You might not be able to adjust it to concert pitch in one pass. So, you can tune one note as close as you can get it, tell the tuner to treat that as the 'reference note', then tune all other notes to that.
The tuner can be used registered or unregistered. If unregistered, the only restriction is that the precise tuning error (how far from the current note) stops displaying after 30 seconds - although stopping and starting the tuner will restore it.
NOTE - how well this works depends largely on the quality of the signal input, ie the microphone or other form of signal capture on your device and how pure it is (no extraneous signals)!
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