Turn this exotic paradise into a tourist island by building a city and airport. Awesome graphics!
Your main goal is to further build your ville and your airfield into a sparkling city with a large airport that handles many tourists. Do this by building your city, managing departures and arrival flights, build tourist attractions and handle all the airport madness and flight control.
- FREE to play
- Send planes to fly from your hangars and airport terminal
- Increase your score to unlock new items (e.g. another aircraft type, a new building, runway, hotels, cool landmarks like the statue of liberty, ferriswheel, crazy rotor tourist attraction)
- Use your flight tracker to gain maximum profit from your flights
- Fly each plane to destinations all over the world
- Citybuilder game with beautiful realistic graphics
- Sim game to build a great tourist city island paradise
- Lots of quests and rewards to play
- Manage the tourism of the island
1. 이제부터 업데이트는 PLUS 버전만 지원됨
2. 그래픽 패치와 자체건설의 수량구매가 가능해졌습니다
3. 벽돌의 최적화가 진행되었습니다
4. 세이브가 공유되지 않습니다..쿨렄 기존 건설회사 사장되기의 세이브가 날아갑니다..
(하아... 건설회사 사장되기 저도 엄청 키워놨는데 제가 제작자지만 제작자 욕하고 싶네요 접을까)
어쩔수없이.. 이렇게 된점 양해 바랍니다. 정말로 죄송합니다..
심플 캐쥬얼 게임!
당신은 건설회사의 직원입니다!
벽돌을 만들고 벽돌로 집짓고!
집지어서 돈벌고 번 돈으로 회사 주식을 왕창 구매하세요!
그럼 당신은 어느샌가 사장이 되어있습니다!
노가다를 좋아하시는 분들께 적극추천!
지금 바로 플레이 해보세요!
개발자 연락처 :
The sequel to the smash hit is finally here!
Adopt a little person from the thousands of choices of little people who live inside your computer. Help them choose a mate, and start a family! Encourage them to work in their chosen career to earn money for necessities and luxuries. Expand and renovate the house. Make it your Dream House and shop for tons of items: make a nursery, a music room or even a game room! Help your little person get through the challenges of life and shape their personalities with all sorts of upgrades, from boarding school to career counseling and many more! Along the way, there will be many different random events to respond to, all of them adding unexpected elements to the daily routine of life. It is a virtual pet, and a family for you to take care of. Experience the drama of Virtual Families 2: Our Dream House!
The AI for this game is one of the best you will see. It adapts to your play style and is highly unpredictable. Unlike other Tic Tac Toe games on the market you will always find Glow Tic Tac Toe AI to be fresh and entertaining. If that is not all the AI skill can be adjusted on the fly ingame. So you can crank up the difficulty while playing or notch it down if you got cornered.
- Single and 2 player mode (Computer and human)
- 3 difficulty levels
- glow effects
The Pooka for Settlers module provides a turn-based scoring app. Individual categories can be scored as they are built (roads, cities, settlements, knights and victory).
The bonus for the largest army is automatically awarded, and you have a button to manually award the longest road bonus (since the most roads may not necessarily be the longest).
This module requires the free Pooka core app. You can find the Pooka core here in the marketplace. Alternatively the module will prompt you to download Pooka when you first start.
You can also browse existing games, launch new games and manage your friends list.
Catan is a registered trademark of Catan GmbH.
This Pooka module is independent from Catan GmbH.
Catan GmbH is in no way responsible for the content of this Pooka module.
Waterfalls are commonly formed when a river is young. At these times the channel is often narrow and deep. When the river courses over resistant bedrock, erosion happens slowly, while downstream the erosion occurs more rapidly. As the watercourse increases its velocity at the edge of the waterfall, it plucks material from the riverbed. Whirlpools created in the turbulence as well as sand and stones carried by the watercourse increase the erosion capacity. This causes the waterfall to carve deeper into the bed and to recede upstream. Often over time, the waterfall will recede back to form a canyon or gorge downstream as it recedes upstream, and it will carve deeper into the ridge above it. The rate of retreat for a waterfall can be as high as one and half meters per year.
Often, the rock stratum just below the more resistant shelf will be of a softer type, meaning that undercutting due to splashback will occur here to form a shallow cave-like formation known as a rock shelter under and behind the waterfall. Eventually, the outcropping, more resistant cap rock will collapse under pressure to add blocks of rock to the base of the waterfall. These blocks of rock are then broken down into smaller boulders by attrition as they collide with each other, and they also erode the base of the waterfall by abrasion, creating a deep plunge pool or gorge.
Baatara gorge waterfall near Tannourin, Lebanon
Streams become wider and shallower just above waterfalls due to flowing over the rock shelf, and there is usually a deep area just below the waterfall because of the kinetic energy of the water hitting the bottom. Waterfalls normally form in a rocky area due to erosion. After a long period of being fully formed, the water falling off the ledge will retreat, causing a horizontal pit parallel to the waterfall wall. Eventually, as the pit grows deeper, the waterfall collapses to be replaced by a steeply sloping stretch of river bed. In addition to gradual processes such as erosion, earth movement caused by earthquakes or landslides or volcanoes can cause a differential in land heights which interfere with the natural course of a water flow, and result in waterfalls.
A river sometimes flows over a large step in the rocks that may have been formed by a fault line. Waterfalls can occur along the edge of a glacial trough, where a stream or river flowing into a glacier continues to flow into a valley after the glacier has receded or melted. The large waterfalls in Yosemite Valley are examples of this phenomenon, which is referred to as a hanging valley. Another reason hanging valleys may form is where two rivers join and one is flowing faster than the other. Waterfalls can be grouped into ten broad classes based on the average volume of water present on the fall (which depends on both the waterfall's average flow and its height) using a logarithmic scale. Class 10 waterfalls include Niagara Falls, Paulo Afonso Falls and Khone Falls.
Classes of other well-known waterfalls include Victoria Falls and Kaieteur Falls (Class 9); Rhine Falls and Gullfoss (Class 8); Angel Falls and Dettifoss (Class 7); Yosemite Falls, Lower Yellowstone Falls and Umphang Thee Lor Sue Waterfall (Class 6); Sutherland Falls (Class 5).
Permissions are to unlock new Characters through in-app purchase.
Burn The City T-Shirts: http://www.zazzle.com/burnthecity
- Kotaku's Gaming App of the Day Oct 25, 2011
- One of Knuckle Up's mobile games of the week on G4tv (Oct 31, 2011)
Full version is Ad-Free and contains:
- 70 levels with more on the way!
- Three fireball types!
- New "horde-style" BATTLE Mode!
Who are you? What are you? Where are you? Frankly, it doesn't matter... it's time to "BURN THE CITY"!
You think you'd like to "BURN THE CITY"? Well you're in luck! Wanton destruction is easier than ever. Just touch, drag and release. You'll soon be launching endless fiery monster action all up in that "CITY".
It's that easy.
Burn The City features:
★ Destructive, explosive physics puzzle action like you've never seen!
★ An adorable character bent on the extermination of mankind!
★ Burn the human cities with monster fire!
★ Topple the human cities with boulders!
★ Deliver TNT payloads into the human cities from conveniently located cranes!
★ Watch as the human cities fly apart from your ferocity!
★ Look, if you see a human city, KILL IT WITH FIRE!
★ ...and then eat their YUMS!
We love playing Settlers. We've noticed that sometimes the game seems to be over in the first fifteen minutes--and no matter how fairly we try to distribute resources and probabilities during setup, natural bias creeps in. So we developed the Better Settlers Board Generator.
The algorithm for the generator is designed to create fair play. The result is more riveting and engaging play.
You'll have a better game of Settlers.
- This is not a Settlers of Catan emulator, but is a companion tool intended to improve offline Settlers of Catan games.
- 6s & 8s are next to each other only if the 3rd tile is a 2 or a 12.
- For a board that follows the rules in the rulebook, please use 'Traditional' board layout.
- Network Access permission is used for Google Analytics, there are no ads or anything bad :)
- If you have feedback/problems, please email us and we'll do our best to help you. Stay tuned for future updates!
Have you ever wanted to run your own farm? Now you can! Come and create your own farm in Family Farm Seaside. Feed your animals, grow crops, and sell products for a nice profit.
◆◆◆Over 60 Million people have already built their own farm in the world! ◆◆◆
Family Farm Seaside is a beautiful and fun farming simulation from the makers of the hit Facebook game, Family Farm. Farming doesn’t have to be hard, the simple controls and touch interface allows anyone to start playing in just seconds. Plant, grow and harvest your crops with just a tap on the screen. The beautiful graphics and sound effects provide a fun and entertaining atmosphere for all ages. Family Farm Seaside includes over 200 unique products your farm can produce. Complete farming missions and sell your crops to become the best farmer around!
◆◆◆◆◆ REVIEWS ◆◆◆◆◆
5/5 “Loving it. Really enjoy playing the game. It gets you addicted to the game”
5/5 “FABULOUS. I love this game, you can do so much on it”
5/5 “Awesome. I love it is fabulously great and you get so many awards”
5/5 “FANTASTIC Love love love this game.”
5/5 “Great game Very addictive.... I do play every day multiple times a day.”
• FREE to play
• Become neighbors with farmers from all over the world
• Plant, harvest, and process over 200+ unique products
• More than 100+ achievements to complete
• Daily orders for you to fill with your farm products
• New missions updated regularly with fun new features
Tired of playing by yourself? Invite your friends and add them as your farming neighbors. Challenge them to a race and earn over 40 achievements.
So come along and move to the Seaside! Install now!
Our team here at Funplus would love to hear from you!
If you are having trouble entering the game or are experiencing a black screen, on your device please try to clear the game cache. To do this, go to Setting ---> Applications ---> Family Farm Seaside ---> Clear Data.
For more information on how to do this, check out this link http://bit.ly/1huCZQb. If you are still having problems, please contact our support team at email@example.com
• This app requires active internet connection to play, please make sure your device is connected while playing.
• Please note that this is a standalone version of Family Farm, and will not sync or connect to your Facebook farm.
With over 5.000.000 downloads, is really appreciated all over the world.
* cooking experience with real recipe applicable in real life
* over 5.000.000 downloads and many Facebook fans
* amazing graphic and enjoyable music
* cool backgrounds, tools and colors
* easy to play, well explained in several steps
* educational game that develops skills and hobby
How to play:
As in real life, you first need to buy all the ingredients for your recipe. You will find all that you need in grocery store.
After you have purchased all the items, you will start a great adventure in the kitchen. Our kitchen is fully completed with all that you need girls <3
This cupcake recipe has 3 big steps, each one is more fun than you can imagine:
1. First, prepare the cake composition using a mixer and some of your ingredients: sugar, vanilla, flour and eggs. Put your composition into cupcakes or muffins shape and bake it in the oven or microwave.
2. Then you have to make a delicious cream which you will use to decorate your delicious cookies.
3. The final step is to create a few heart shapes, made from marzipan composition. These cute and delicious heart shapes have to be on the top of your cupcake.
It's a very simply recipe and an easy to play. You only have to put a lot of love and positive attitude!! xoxo
If you loved our game, please write us a nice review and if you want to play more.
1) First you have to select the clothes on her, which put them in different baskets.
2) then you have to put white clothes in the washing machine with detergent for white clothes.
3) still have to choose colored clothes and wash them, adding colored detergent.
4) After you have finished washing the clothes , you should put them to dry in the backyard.
5) The clothes were dry so they will go in the house and you will remove the pimples.
6) must tread these clothes, then you will dress them on Lucia.
Lucia is very happy because he finished washing clothes, and now he can rest a little. Thanks you helped my cousin because she didn't do this difficult work.
Born after an average of 63 days of gestation, puppies emerge in an amnion that is bitten off and eaten by the mother dog. Puppies begin to nurse almost immediately. If the litter exceeds six puppies, particularly if one or more are obvious runts, human intervention in hand-feeding the stronger puppies is necessary to ensure that the runts get proper nourishment and attention from the mother. As they reach one month of age, puppies are gradually weaned and begin to eat solid food. The mother may regurgitate partially digested food for the puppies or might let them eat some of her solid food. The mother dog usually refuses to nurse at this stage, though she might let them occasionally nurse for comfort.
At first, puppies spend the large majority of their time sleeping and the rest feeding. They instinctively pile together into a heap, and become distressed if separated from physical contact with their littermates, by even a short distance.
Puppies are born with a fully functional sense of smell but can't open their eyes. During their first two weeks, a puppy's senses all develop rapidly. During this stage the nose is the primary sense organ used by puppies to find their mother's teats, and to locate their litter-mates, if they become separated by a short distance. Puppies open their eyes about nine to eleven days following birth. At first, their retinas are poorly developed and their vision is poor. Puppies are not able to see as well as adult dogs. In addition, puppies' ears remain sealed until about thirteen to seventeen days after birth, after which they respond more actively to sounds. Between two to four weeks old, puppies usually begin to growl, bite, wag their tails, and bark.
Puppies develop very quickly during their first three months, particularly after their eyes and ears open and they are no longer completely dependent on their mother. Their coordination and strength improve, they spar with their litter-mates, and begin to explore the world outside the nest. They play wrestling, chase, dominance, and tug-of-war games.
Puppies are highly social animals and spend most of their waking hours interacting with either their mother or littermates. It is important that puppies are socialized with humans, particularly between the ages of eight and twelve weeks, so as to encourage healthy interaction and develop the puppy's social skills around people. Puppies ideally should be exposed to as wide a variety of friendly people as possible during this period. Dogs that do not receive adequate socialization during this sensitive period may display fearful behavior around humans or other dogs as adults. In small breeds, puppies are considered puppies up until around 1 year of age as opposed to large breeds that may be regarded as a puppies up until around 2 years old. 
Docking and declawing
The Yamaha corporate logo is composed of three tuning forks placed on top of each other in a triangular pattern.
In 2000, Toyota and Yamaha Corporation made a capital alliance in which Toyota paid Yamaha Corporation ¥10.5 billion for a 5 per cent share in Yamaha Motor Company, while Yamaha and Yamaha Motor each bought 500,000 shares of Toyota stock in return.
Yamaha Motor Company was founded by Torakusu Yamaha (in Japanese 山葉 寅楠 Yamaha Torakusu); 山葉 Yamaha means "mountain leaf".
Motorcycles are one of the most affordable forms of motorised transport in many parts of the world and, for most of the world's population, they are also the most common type of motor vehicle. There are around 200 million motorcycles (including mopeds, motor scooters, motorised bicycles, and other powered two and three-wheelers) in use worldwide, or about 33 motorcycles per 1000 people. This compares to around 590 million cars, or about 91 per 1000 people.
Most of the motorcycles, 58%, are in the developing countries of Asia – Southern and Eastern Asia, and the Asia Pacific countries, excluding Japan – while 33% of the cars (195 million) are concentrated in the United States and Japan. In 2006, China had 54 million motorcycles in use and an annual production of 22 million units. As of 2002, India, with an estimated 37 million motorcycles/mopeds, was home to the largest number of motorised two wheelers in the world. China came a close second with 34 million motorcycles/mopeds.
The placid and unpretentious nature of the Persian confers a propensity for apartment living. It has been the most popular breed in the United States for many years but its popularity has seen a decline in Britain and France.
Cats are similar in anatomy to the other felids, with strong, flexible bodies, quick reflexes, sharp retractable claws, and teeth adapted to killing small prey. Cat senses fit a crepuscular and predatory ecological niche. Cats can hear sounds too faint or too high in frequency for human ears, such as those made by mice and other small game. They can see in near darkness. Like most mammals, cats have poorer color vision and a better sense of smell than humans.
Despite being solitary hunters, cats are a social species, and cat communication includes the use of a variety of vocalizations (meowing, purring, trilling, hissing, growling and grunting) as well as cat pheromones and types of cat-specific body language.
Cats have a rapid breeding rate. Under controlled breeding, they can be bred and shown as registered pedigree pets, a hobby known as cat fancy. Failure to control the breeding of pet cats by spaying and neutering, and the abandonment of former household pets, has resulted in large numbers of feral cats worldwide, with a population of up to 60 million of these animals in the United States alone, requiring population control.
Since cats were cult animals in ancient Egypt, they were commonly believed to have been domesticated there, but there may have been instances of domestication as early as the Neolithic.
A genetic study in 2007 revealed that domestic cats have descended from African wildcats (Felis silvestris lybica) c. 8000 BCE, in the Middle East. According to Scientific American cats are the most popular pet in the world, and are now found almost every place where people live.
The style of racing, the distances and the type of events vary significantly by the country in which the race is occurring, and many countries offer different types of horse races. There are three major types of racing: flat racing, steeplechasing (racing over jumps), and harness racing, where horses trot or pace while pulling a driver in a sulky. A major part of horse racing's economic importance lies in the gambling associated with it, an activity that in 2008 generated a world-wide market worth around US$115 billion.
Various types of racing have given rise to horse breeds that excel in the specific disciplines of each sport. Breeds that may be used for flat racing include the Thoroughbred, Quarter Horse, Arabian, Paint, and Appaloosa. Steeplechasing breeds include the Thoroughbred and AQPS. Harness racing is dominated by Standardbred horses in Australia, New Zealand and North America, but several other breeds, such as the Russian Trotter and Finnhorse, are seen in Europe.
Special forces have played an important role throughout the history of warfare whenever the aim has been to achieve disruption by "hit and run" and sabotage, rather than more traditional conventional army combat. Other significant roles lay in reconnaissance, providing essential intelligence from close to or among the enemy, and increasingly in combating irregular forces, their infrastructure and activities.
Chinese strategist Jiang Ziya, in his Six Secret Teachings, describes recruiting talented and highly-motivated men for serving in specialized elite units with such functions as commanding heights and making rapid long-distance advances. Hamilcar Barca in Sicily (249 BC) had specialized troops trained to launch several offensives per day. In the late Roman or early Byzantine period, Roman fleets used small, fast camouflaged ships crewed by selected men for scouting and commando missions. Similarly, Muslim forces also had several naval special operations units, including one which used camouflaged ships to gather intelligence and launch raids, and another which consisted of soldiers who could pass for Crusaders who would use ruses to board enemy ships and then capture and destroy them. In Japan, Ninjas were used for reconnaissance, espionage and as frontline assault troops, bodyguards or fortress guards, or otherwise fought alongside more conventional soldiers. During the Napoleonic wars, rifle and sapper units were formed who held more specialised roles in reconnaissance and skirmishing and were not committed to the formal battle lines.
The British Indian Army deployed two special forces during their border wars the Corps of Guides formed in 1846 and the Gurka Scouts (a force that was formed in the 1890s and was first used as a detached unit during the 1897–1898 Tirah Campaign). For the British Army, it was during the Second Boer War (1899–1902) that the need for more specialised units became most apparent. Scouting units such as the Lovat Scouts, a Scottish Highland regiment made up of exceptional woodsmen outfitted in ghillie suits and well practised in the arts of marksmanship, field craft, and military tactics filled this role. This unit was formed in 1900 by Lord Lovat and early on reported to an American, Major Frederick Russell Burnham, the Chief of Scouts under Lord Roberts. After the war, Lovat's Scouts went on to formally become the British Army's first sniper unit. Additionally, the Bushveldt Carbineers, formed in 1901, can be seen as an early unconventional warfare unit.
During World War I the Anzac and Canadian divisions deployed amongst British forces in France quickly came to be regarded as the best shock troops in the Allied ranks due to their ferocity in battle and their unconventional warfare techniques, and were employed accordingly. The successes during trench raids, and kill or capture missions can be seen as early forerunners of special operations.
MtDNA evidence shows an evolutionary split between the modern dog's lineage and the modern wolf's lineage around 100,000 years ago but, as of 2013, the oldest fossil specimens genetically linked to the modern dog's lineage date to approximately 33,000-36,000 years ago. Dogs' value to early human hunter-gatherers led to them quickly becoming ubiquitous across world cultures. Dogs perform many roles for people, such as hunting, herding, pulling loads, protection, assisting police and military, companionship, and, more recently, aiding handicapped individuals. This impact on human society has given them the nickname "Man's Best Friend" in the Western world. In some cultures, dogs are also a source of meat. In 2001, there were estimated to be 400 million dogs in the world.
Most breeds of dogs are at most a few hundred years old, having been artificially selected for particular morphologies and behaviors by people for specific functional roles. Through this selective breeding, the dog has developed into hundreds of varied breeds, and shows more behavioral and morphological variation than any other land mammal. For example, height measured to the withers ranges from 15.2 centimetres (6.0 in) in the Chihuahua to about 76 cm (30 in) in the Irish Wolfhound; color varies from white through grays (usually called "blue") to black, and browns from light (tan) to dark ("red" or "chocolate") in a wide variation of patterns; coats can be short or long, coarse-haired to wool-like, straight, curly, or smooth. It is common for most breeds to shed this coat.
Wedding cakes can certainly range in size, from a small cake that feeds ten people, to a very large cake that will feed hundreds, all depending on the wedding. Modern pastry chefs and cake designers use various ingredients and tools to create a cake that will reflect the personalities of the couple. Marzipan, fondant, gum paste, buttercream, and chocolate are among some of the more popular ingredients used. Along with ranging in size and components, cakes range in price. Cakes are usually priced on a per-person, or per-slice, basis. Prices usually range from a few dollars to a few hundred dollars per-person or slice, depending on the pastry chef hired to make the cake. Wedding cakes and cake decorating in general have become a certain pop culture symbol in western society; many TV shows like Cake Boss or Amazing Wedding Cakes have become very common and are trending in today’s popular culture.
Within the genus Canis, the gray wolf represents a more specialised and progressive form than its smaller cousins (the coyote and golden jackal), as demonstrated by its morphological adaptations to hunting large prey, its more gregarious nature and its highly advanced expressive behavior. It is a social animal, travelling in nuclear families consisting of a mated pair, accompanied by the pair's adult offspring. The gray wolf is typically an apex predator throughout its range, with only humans and tigers posing a serious threat to it. It feeds primarily on large ungulates, though it also eats smaller animals, livestock, carrion, and garbage.
The gray wolf is one of the world's most well researched animals, with probably more books written about it than any other wildlife species. It has a long history of association with humans, having been despised and hunted in most agricultural communities due to its attacks on livestock, while conversely being respected by some Native American tribes. It is the sole ancestor of the dog, which was first domesticated in the Middle East. Although the fear of wolves is prevalent in many human societies, the majority of recorded attacks on people have been attributed to animals suffering from rabies. Non-rabid wolves have attacked and killed people, mainly children, but this is unusual, as wolves are relatively few, live away from people, and have been taught to fear humans by hunters and shepherds. Hunting and trapping has reduced the species' range to about one third[clarify], though its still relatively widespread range and stable population means that the species is not threatened at a global level, and is therefore classified by the IUCN as Least Concern.
A small, agile dog that copes very well with mountainous terrain, the Shiba Inu was originally bred for hunting. It is similar in appearance to the Akita, though much smaller in stature. It is one of the few ancient dog breeds still in existence in the world today.
Inu is the Japanese word for dog, but the origin of the prefix "Shiba" is less clear. The word shiba means "brushwood" in Japanese, and refers to a type of tree or shrub whose leaves turn red in the fall. This leads some to believe that the Shiba was named with this in mind, either because the dogs were used to hunt in wild shrubs, or because the most common color of the Shiba Inu is a red color similar to that of the shrubs. However, in an old Nagano dialect, the word shiba also had the meaning of "small", thus this might be a reference to the dog's diminutive stature. Therefore, the Shiba Inu is sometimes translated as "Little Brushwood Dog".
The Chihuahua’s history is puzzling and there are many theories surrounding the origin of the breed. Both folklore and archeological finds show that the breed originated in Mexico. The most common and most likely theory is that Chihuahuas are descended from the Techichi, a companion dog favored by the Toltec civilization in Mexico. No records of the Techichi are available prior to the 9th century, although dog pots from Colima, Mexico, buried as part of the western Mexico shaft tomb tradition which date back to 300 B.C. are thought to depict Techichis. It is probable that earlier ancestors were present prior to the Mayans as dogs approximating the Chihuahua are found in materials from the Great Pyramid of Cholula, predating 1530 and in the ruins of Chichen Itza on the Yucatán Peninsula. In fact, wheeled dog toys representing both the "deer head" and "apple head" varieties of Chihuahua have been unearthed across Mesoamerica from Mexico to El Salvador. The earliest of these were found at Tres Zapotes in Veracruz, Mexico, which date to 100 A.D.  Dog effigy pots dating to around 1325 A.D. discovered in Georgia and Tennessee also appear to represent the Chihuahua It has been argued that these pots arrived with survivors from the Casas Grandes site in Chihuahua, Mexico, after it was attacked and destroyed around 1340 A.D. Pots unearthed at Casas Grandes include representations of the "deer head" variety of Chihuahua. Colonial records refer to small, nearly hairless dogs at the beginning of the 19th century, one of which claims 16th-century Conquistadores found them plentiful in the region later known as Chihuahua.
A progenitor of the breed was reputedly found in 1850 in old ruins near Casas Grandes in the Mexican state of Chihuahua from which the breed gets its name, although most artifacts relating to its existence are found around Mexico City. A pot featuring the "deer head" variety of Chihuahua has been unearthed at Casas Grandes which dates from 1100–1300 A.D. showing the long history of the breed at this site. The Chihuahua has remained consistently popular as a breed, particularly in America when the breed was first recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1904. Although it was once thought that the present day Chihuahua was much smaller than its ancestors, a change thought to be due to the introduction of miniaturized Chinese dogs, such as the Chinese crested dog, into South America by the Spanish, it is now known that this is not the case. A wheeled dog toy which has been dated to 100 A.D. from Tres Zapotes in Veracruz, Mexico, depicts a dog identical in appearance and size to the modern "apple head" Chihuahua, indirect evidence that the breed was in Mexico over 1400 years before the first Europeans arrived.
Some of humanity's earliest known writings refer to the production and distribution of beer: the Code of Hammurabi included laws regulating beer and beer parlours, and "The Hymn to Ninkasi", a prayer to the Mesopotamian goddess of beer, served as both a prayer and as a method of remembering the recipe for beer in a culture with few literate people. Today, the brewing industry is a global business, consisting of several dominant multinational companies and many thousands of smaller producers ranging from brewpubs to regional breweries.
The strength of beer is usually around 4% to 6% alcohol by volume (abv) although it may vary between 0.5% (de-alcoholized) and 20%, with some breweries creating examples of 40% abv and above in recent years.
Beer forms part of the culture of beer-drinking nations and is associated with social traditions such as beer festivals, as well as a rich pub culture involving activities like pub crawling and pub games such as bar billiards.
In the West, a modern residential kitchen is typically equipped with a stove, a sink with hot and cold running water, a refrigerator and kitchen cabinets arranged according to a modular design. Many households have a microwave oven, a dishwasher and other electric appliances. The main function of a kitchen is cooking or preparing food but it may also be used for dining, food storage, entertaining, dishwashing and laundry.