Also included are stations for Gurbani Radio, Non-Stop Punjabi and Hindi songs.
Punjabi Radio USA, headquartered in San Jose, California is dedicated to the Punjabi Diaspora living in United State of America and worldwide which yearns to connect to their roots of Punjab culture and heritage. Broadcasting 24/7, the Punjabi Radio USA team prides itself on being the premiere Punjabi language broadcaster in the United States. has been in Punjab media for more than a decade and has significant knowledge of issues involved with community in United States and worldwide.
Now you can watch some of the greatest punjabi movies as per your convenience on your screen. Just download this app and you can rest assured that you will have a great Punjabi movies experience with this app. We have tried to bring you a common platform where you will get all the punjabi fun at one place. Review us if you want any improvements in the app or have any useful suggestions for us.
Disclaimer: This app indexes videos uploaded on YouTube in a convenient way. All the videos available are publicly shared on YouTube and we have not uploaded any content ourselves. You can mail us if you own any content and want it to be removed.
**** If this app is not working on your device and it supports 2.2 (froyo) and above please change the streaming using streaming menu option********
New streaming options included devices supporting froyo (2.2) and above.
This does not support Android 1.5(CupCake).
*New Stations added
*Your Favorites is now one of the categories in languages list
*To change language press Back Button on device"
*Choose Streaming menu option to switch to old streaming if stations are not playing
*Use Exit menu option to exit the app
If you have any problems/issues, visit our site & leave a comment.
Punjabi songs in recent years have entered mainstream Indian culture, as well as in the UK and U.S. Its tremendous inclusion in Bollywood songs has been rapid. Since the 1980s, Punjabi songs, many types of which were referred to as “bhangra,” are also played in discos and other parties worldwide. Punjabi songs have taken the nations by a quick bout of surprise and has made a niche in the hearts of all the Punjabi music lovers..
This inclusion of Punjabi songs in popular culture has continued and become more salient today, as exemplified by UK-based Punjabi MC’s “Mundian to Bach Ke,” became a Top 40 hit in the United States, being listened to widely by non-Punjabis. Furthermore, second generation Indian American youth in major American cities such as New York and New Jersey have adopted elements of Punjabi music into their nightlife. The music that is popular amongst this Indian American subculture incorporates both Western and Eastern influences. Urban sounds including hip hop, R&B, and reggae are mixed with more traditional Indian genres of bhangra and Hindi film music.
Punjabi songs have also made their mark in the mainstream Hindi cinema. It has typically been characterized as “an ethnocultural signifier of Punjabi celebration,” and more recently, “a national signifier of fun and a jolly time. So to all the Punjabis out there, hit the dance floor, set the groove and let the Punjabi songs in this app mesmerize you wherever you want and whenever you want. Do review this app or drop us a mail in case you want any modifications in the app or have any useful suggestions for us.
Disclaimer: This app indexes videos uploaded on YouTube in a convenient way. All the videos available are publicly shared on YouTube and we have not uploaded any content ourselves. You can mail us if you own any content and want it to be removed.
* View scanners that are located nearest you, sorted by distance.
* View the top 50 scanners that have the most listeners (list updated every 5 minutes).
* View list of scanners added most recently (new additions are being added all the time).
* Add scanners you listen to the most to your Favorites list for quick access.
* Browse the directory of scanners by location or genre (public safety, air traffic, weather, railroad, etc).
* Enable notifications to be notified when lots of people (such as over 1000, for example) are listening to any scanner (indicating that something big is happening). You can also be notified when scanners located near you (or specific scanners of your choosing) have more than a certain number of listeners.
* Add Scanner Radio widgets and shortcuts to your phone's home screen for quick access (app cannot be installed on SD card to access them).
* Add a "Scanner Radio Favorite" shortcut to your home screen to launch a scanner feed via an alarm clock app or automation app.
* Listen to Broadcastify.com's audio archives to listen to audio that's been archived over the past 30 days. Note: You *must* have an account on Broadcastify.com and purchase their "Premium Membership" ($15 for 6 months) in order to access their archives using the app.
This is the free version of the app, below are the benefits of purchasing the Pro version (for only $2.99):
* The Pro version contains no ads.
* The Pro version has the ability to record the audio.
* The Pro version allows you to adjust the sound of the audio via an equalizer (version 4.x of the app only, does not work on the Galaxy S4).
* The Pro version adds player controls to the lock screen (version 4.x of the app only).
* The play button at the top of the directory screens and on the widgets is can be used to start listening.
* With the "Scanner Radio Pro Locale PlgIn" plug-in is also installed you can have Locale/Tasker launch the app and have one of your Favorites automatically begin playing based on one or more conditions or have the app stop playing. One use for this feature is to have a scanner feed begin playing when your phone connects to a specific Bluetooth device and then have it stop when the connection to that Bluetooth device is no longer present.
The audio is provided by volunteers (primarily for Broadcastify.com) using real scanner radios.
If you need assistance, please go to http://http://support.gordonedwards.net/
Explanation of why various permissions are needed:
The "Phone Calls / Read Phone State" permission is needed by the app so that it can detect when you're placing a phone call (or when one is being received) so that it can automatically stop the streaming of the audio to prevent it from interfering with the call.
The "Fine (GPS) Location" and "Coarse Location" permissions are required so that the app can determine what scanners are located in your area when you click on "Near Me". When you click on "Near Me" the app first attempts to determine your location via the network, if that fails the app then tries to determine your location via GPS.
The "Automatically Start at Boot" permission is required so that a small portion of the app can be started when your phone boots if (and only if) you turn on the notifications feature of the app (that feature is turned off by default).
The "Modify or delete the contents of your USB storage" and "Test access to protected storage" permissions are required in order for the app to support the ability for you to record the audio you're hearing and be able to save it to a location that you can access from your computer.
Keywords: police scanner, radio scanner, air traffic
You can search movies by Movie Name, Artists and by Genre. You will find most popular movies, from old classics to latest movies in this app.
- Ranges from old classic movies to Latest releases
- Watch Full screen movies
- Filter by Genre/Ratings/Release Year
- See more information about movie
- Search by Name/Artist
- Queue movies for Watch later
- Excludes movies Watched earlier
- Daily updated movies
1. This app requires 3G/WiFi Internet Connection. It will work in 2G also but will take time to buffer and you will see more of "Can not play this video" messages.
2. For better user experience, please update your Youtube app.
App videos are available from youtube and youtube does not charge any money for viewing such videos. This app is also a free app and as such we do not charge for these videos nor app the app.
3. The videos are owned by their owners who have submitted it to youtube and this app only provides links to these videos in youtube.
4. We have just searched youtube and collected the links to such videos and categorized them neatly in this app.
5. We do not publish or update any movies or videos to youtube.
6. The player in this app is a youtube video player provided by youtube api.
7. If you think that the particular video is owned by you and you have not submitted it to youtube and you feel there is a violation of copyright kindly notify youtube about the issue and they will take appropriate action.
8. Once youtube deletes the video from youtube this app's youtube video player will not be able to play the video anymore as it is not available in youtube to which this app points the video link to. The link will become a dead link inside this app.
This app is just an organized way to watch videos available on YOUTUBE. We do not own the content.
Keep visiting our account for other relevant apps and an ever-increasing collection of your favorite movies in Hi-Def!
Note: App requires 2G/3G/4G/WiFi connection to Watch Live Movies. The quality of streaming on your device depends upon the speed of your network connection.
Disclaimer: The content provided in this app is hosted by YouTube and is available in public domain. We do not upload any movies onto YouTube. This app is purely an organized way to browse and view movies.
At EkNoor, you can listen to Punjabi Songs, read Religious Books, get to know about the Historical Events of Punjab. There is a section where you can get some information about Sikh Gurus. Apart from all this, we also provide you the links to the websites of the most popular Punjabi Newspapers. The Apna Virsa section takes us back to our culture. We have tried to take you through a journey to the roots of Punjab. Although the Punjabi Culture is beyond our scope, this section gives you an insight into the practices of the old punjab. At EkNoor, you can get good information about Folk Songs of Punjab, Folk Dances of Punjab such as Bhangra or Giddha , Phulkari, Traditional Ornaments, Traditional Toys and Games of Punjab , Traditional Punjabi Musical Instuments , Punjabi Literature, Arts and Crafts, Fairs & Festivals of Punjab.
Although the branches of the EkNoor Tree are in Canada, but its roots are very much in Punjab. The main reason of the existance of EkNoor is to make the Punjabi Community living outside India aware about their background, culture, traditions and beliefs. Dil Apna Punjabi, an online radio, is also an attempt through which people of Canada, especially Toronto, are brought close to their culture. You can also visit our sister site Lokesewa.com. We strongly request all the people to propagate & encourage the use of our sweet Punjabi language at home so that our coming generation knows its roots.
A latest offering from the EkNoor entertainment for the punjabi's all over the world - RADIO EKNOOR, a radio meant for religious audience. Now you can listen to gurbani any time on this dedicated radio channel. It is a small effort from our side to serve the people.
Do you want anything else in this website? Please let us know. Do you have a writer in you? We can help you by giving you a platform to showcase your talent. We would like to have suggestions of our esteemed readers to further expand our EkNoor.
If possible, please help us financially and contribute in our efforts to serve you better.
Sikh Diary is an all in one app. This app covers
Nitnem Sahib (You can do your daily routine path from this tab)
Shri Guru Granth Sahib Ji (Aadi Granth)
Sikh Jantri (For Important Dates)
Sikh Chat (Its a sikh group. You can chat in this group with other people and share your views and ideas)
Sikh News (Latest News in Sikh Religion)
Sikh Painting (You can paint the Canvas with beautiful pictures )
Sikh Poems (Alot of poems are there and more to come in this app)
Sikh Poll (In this Tab there is one que, you have to answer it and check what other people says)
Learn Gurmukhi (You can learn punjabi via audio and video, we have both the options)
Sikh Matrimonial (Send your biodata, we will match it and revert back to you)
Baby Names with their meanings
Sikh Tube (Contains the videos of katha and shabad)
Radio (you can listen to live gurbani of darbar sahib, gurudwara dukh niwaran sahib, baani.net, gurbani fm and many more)
Contacts (Contain the important numbes of key people, places and gurudwaras)
Tags: Gurbani Searcher, Gurmukhi Keyboard, Punjabi Keyboard, Bani Search, Sikh, SGGS,nitnem, radio, golden temple, sikhism, sikh, sikh chat, sikh tube, sikh diary, sikhdiary, gurbani, gurbani fm
Watch Punjabi Song Videos of all Punjabi Singers.
This app requires 2G/3G Internet Connection. Press the Refresh Button if you do not get list of videos due to poor internet connection or you get a message “Cannot Play Video” after 2/3 seconds of playing the video.
DISCLAIMER: The content provided in this app is hosted by YouTube and is available in public domain. We do not upload any Punjabi Song Videos to YouTube. This app is just an organized way to browse and view these YouTube Videos.
A joke a day keeps the doctor away!
Welcome to the hilarious handpicked collection of Punjabi jokes to fill your life with fun and laughter!
Download, lay back & roll into the humorous world of Punjabi jokes.
Direct SMS and Facebook Wall Post functionality...
1. Simple, easy to use & well designed.
2. You can easily SMS the joke with a single tap.
3. You can also post jokes on your Facebook wall
4. Regular updates with hilarious jokes.
5. Classy yellow background.
6. Easy to use with smart controls.
7. Full screen usage
8. Works on all devices
9. Excellent customer support
Disclaimer: This app was not created with the intention to offend any personality,institution,any caste or group of people. It was just created to provide a few laughs. The content in the app has been taken from the web. Any offense can be reported via email.
Shayari In Hindi Fonts to help you in expressing from deep of your heart.
You are at the right place now, because you will be getting shayari on every topic.
This application has Unique and creative collection of Sad, mohabbat, dosti, birthday, sharabi, bewafa, prerna, intezar, naya saal, yadden, dard, tanhai, judai, Zindagi, dil, chand, dua, khawab, Funny, SMS, Dard Love, Romantic, Urdu and much more shayaris which gives strength to your words. Shayari is a unique poetic language to express yourself.
Shayari duniya yeh hai shayaron ki mehfil with touch of all moods and taste for all age groups. Enjoy expressing your feelings. Share it with your friends and family and your love.
- Full Length Latest Punjabi Movies in HD Quality.
- Live TV Punjab News.
- Trailers of Upcoming Movies.
- Cast & Crew Interviews.
- Latest Music Videos.
- Wallpaper Downloads.
In Conclusion, this app works as your personal Punjabi Entertainment storage space that delivers the latest media content in HD from the world of Punjabi Television on your mobile.
This App requires an active internet connection to launch. Please use Wi-Fi as data charges may apply.
Thanks for downloading and please try to give us feedback.
Please rate us on Google play Store.
Thanks for giving our app a try!
more videos are coming soon in next updates.
If you find any video is not working just send us a feedback to correct it.
1--Sherry Kaim - Terminator feat. Badshah
2--Indeep Bakshi - Madam Ji feat. Raftaar
3--Diljit Dosanjh Proper Patola feat. Badshah
4--Jazzy B - Feem feat. DS
5--Girik Aman Take Your Sandals Off feat. Badshah
6--Saiyaan -- Gurmit Singh & Navraj Hans -Album Saiyaan
7--Saturday Saturday - Indeep Bakshi -feat. Badshah
8--Main Fan Bhagat Singh Da - Diljit Dosanjh - Bikkar Bai Senti Mental
9--Bohemia Beparwah feat. Devika
10--Saddi Gall -- Nachattar Gill-Album Saiyaan
11--Aashqui Te Loan -Hardy Sandhu feat.HRC
12--Sajna -From Bikkar Bai Senti Mental
This app requires 2G/3G/WiFi Internet Connection. If you get message "Cannot play this video" please Retry it. This problem occurs due to connection time out from YouTube server. We can not give downloads as that is against youtube's terms.
DISCLAIMER: The content provided in this app is hosted by YouTube and is available in public domain. We do not upload any videos to YouTube. This app is just an organized way to browse and view these YouTube Videos.
More from developer
The roots of the language can be traced to Central Asia, with the first known written records dating back nearly 1,300 years. To the west, the influence of Ottoman Turkish—the variety of the Turkish language that was used as the administrative and literary language of the Ottoman Empire—spread as the Ottoman Empire expanded. In 1928, as one of Atatürk's Reforms in the early years of the Republic of Turkey, the Ottoman script was replaced with a Latin alphabet. Concurrently, the newly founded Turkish Language Association initiated a drive to reform and standardize the language.
The distinctive characteristics of Turkish are vowel harmony and extensive agglutination. The basic word order of Turkish is subject–object–verb. Turkish has no noun classes or grammatical gender. Turkish has a strong T-V distinction and usage of honorifics. Turkish uses second-person pronouns that distinguish varying levels of politeness, social distance, age, courtesy or familiarity toward the addressee. The plural second-person pronoun and verb forms are used referring to a single person out of respect. On occasion, double plural second-person "sizler" may be used to refer to a much-respected person.
Türkçe, also referred to as Istanbul Turkish
Turkish is a member of the Oghuz group of languages, a subgroup of the Turkic languages. There is a high degree of mutual intelligibility between Turkish and the other Oghuz languages, including Azerbaijani, Turkmen, Qashqai, Gagauz, and Balkan Gagauz Turkish. The Turkic family comprises some 30 living languages spoken across Eastern Europe, Central Asia, and Siberia. Some linguists believe the Turkic languages to be a part of a larger Altaic language family. About 40% of all speakers of Turkic languages are native Turkish speakers. The characteristic features of Turkish, such as vowel harmony, agglutination, and lack of grammatical gender, are universal within the Turkic family and the Altaic languages.
The earliest known Turkic inscriptions are the two monumental Orkhon inscriptions found in modern Mongolia. Erected in honour of the prince Kul Tigin and his brother Emperor Bilge Khan, and dating back to some time between 732 and 735, they constitute another important early record. After the discovery and excavation of these monuments and associated stone slabs by Russian archaeologists in the wider area surrounding the Orkhon Valley between 1889 and 1893, it became established that the language on the inscriptions was the Old Turkic language written using the Orkhon script, which has also been referred to as "Turkic runes" or "runiform" due to a superficial similarity to the Germanic runic alphabets.
With the Turkic expansion during Early Middle Ages (c. 6th–11th centuries), peoples speaking Turkic languages spread across Central Asia, covering a vast geographical region stretching from Siberia to Europe and the Mediterranean. The Seljuqs of the Oghuz Turks, in particular, brought their language, Oghuz Turkic—the direct ancestor of today's Turkish language—into Anatolia during the 11th century. Also during the 11th century, an early linguist of the Turkic languages, Mahmud al-Kashgari from the Kara-Khanid Khanate, published the first comprehensive Turkic language dictionary and map of the geographical distribution of Turkic speakers in the Compendium of the Turkic Dialects (Ottoman Turkish: Divânü Lügati't-Türk).
This app has been developed by iHues Media Ltd in an effort to bring Punjabi content on all mobile devices. We want to bring our language to level of recent changes in technologies. This app will include news in Punjabi from Punjab and other part of the world, news related to Sikhs, Khalsa and Sikhism. Also, we'll be bringing news from Bollywood and Punjabi movie world. We are planing to create more language apps related to Punjabi songs, Punjabi music, and Punjabi Literature. News from Gurdwara and other Gurbani Shabad Kirtan will also be featured in our next apps. Hope, our work will be appreciated by large Punjabi community all over the world. It will also bring young and new generation close to Punjab, Punjabi and Punjabiyat. Sat Sri Akaal.
Plus, you will learn about great writers like:-
1. Geoffrey Chaucer, 2. Edmund Spencer, 3. Francis Bacon, 4. Christopher Marlowe, 5. William Shakespeare, 6. Ben Johnson, 7. John Milton, 8. John Bunyan, 9. John Dryden, 10. Daniel Defoe, 11. Jonathan Swift, 12. Joseph Addison, 13. Alexander Pope, 14. Samuel Johnson, 15. Thomas Gray, 16. Oliver Goldsmith, 17. Edmund Burke, 18. William Cowper, 19. William Blake, 20. Robert Burns, 21. William Wordsworth, 22. Sir Walter Scott, 23. Samuel Taylor Coleridge, 24. Robert Southway, 25. Jane Austen, 26. Charles Lamb, 27. George Gordon, Lord Byron, 28. Percy Bysshe Shelley, 29, John Keats, 30. Alfred Tennyson, 31. William Makepeace Thackeray, 32. Charles Dickens, 33. Robert Browning, 34. John Ruskin, 35. Mathew Arnold, 36. Thomas Hardy, 37, Abraham Stroker, 38. Robert Louis Stevenson, 39. George Bernard Shaw, 40. William Butler Yeats, 41. Rudyard Kipling, 42. H.G. Wells, 43. Walter de la Mare, 44. William Somerset Maugham, 45. John Masefield, 46. James Joyce, 47. Virginia Woolf, 48. T.S. Eliot, 49. Katherine Mansfield, 50. John Boynton Priestley
One of the most distinguishing aspects of Uzbek from other Turkic languages is its rounding of the vowel /a/ to /ɒ/ or /ɔ/, a feature influenced by Persian.
Turkic speakers have probably settled in the Amu-Darya, Syr-Darya and Zeravshan river basins since at least AD600-700, gradually ousting or assimilating the speakers of Eastern Iranian languages who previously inhabited Soghdiana, Bactria and Chorasmia. The first Turkic dynasty in the region was that of the Karakhanids in the 9th- 12th centuries AD, who were a confederation of Karluks (Qarluq), Chigil, Yaghma and other tribes.
Uzbek is a language which can be considered the direct descendant or a latter form of Chagatay, the language of great Turkic Central Asian literary development in the realm of Chagatai Khan, Timur (Tamerlane), and the Timurids. The language was championed by Mir Ali-Sher Nawa'i in the 15th and 16th centuries. Ultimately based on the Qarluq variant of the Turkic languages, it contained large numbers of Persian and Arabic loanwords. By the 19th century it was rarely used for literary composition.
The term "Uzbek" as applied to language has meant different things at different times. Prior to 1921 "Uzbek" and "Sart" were considered to be different dialects; "Uzbek" was a vowel-harmonised Kipchak dialect spoken by descendants of those who arrived in Transoxiana with Shaybani Khan in the 16th century, who lived mainly around Bukhara and Samarkand, although the Turkic spoken in Tashkent was also vowel-harmonised; "Sart" was a Qarluq dialect spoken by the older settled Turkic populations of the region in the Ferghana Valley and the Kashka-Darya region, and in some parts of what is now the Samarkand Province; it contained a heavier admixture of Persian and Arabic, and did not use vowel-harmony. In Khiva Sarts spoke a form of highly Persianised Oghuz Turkic. After 1921 the Soviet regime abolished the term Sart as derogatory, and decreed that henceforth the entire settled Turkic population of Turkestan would be known as Uzbeks, even though many had no Uzbek tribal heritage. The standard written language that was chosen for the new republic in 1924, however, despite the protests of Uzbek Bolsheviks such as Faizullah Khojaev, was not pre-revolutionary "Uzbek" but the "Sart" language of the Samarkand region. All three dialects continue to exist within modern, spoken Uzbek.
(O'zbek tili or O'zbekcha in Latin script, Ўзбек тили or Ўзбекча in Cyrillic script; أۇزبېك تیلی in Arabic script)
Abrar-ul-Haq, Alam Lohar, Alfaaz, Aman Hayer, Amar Singh Chamkila, Amrinder Gill, Anamika, Anurag Malik, Anurag Malik
Apache Indian, Arif Lohar, Arvind Kumar, Asa Singh Mastana
Attaullah Khan Essa Khailwi, Baba Sehgal, Babbu Mann, Bally Sagoo, Bhagwant Maan, Bikram Singh, Binde Shah, Channi Singh
Daler Mehndi, Didar Sandhu, Diljit Dosanjh, Dr Madan Gopal Singh, Foji Gill, Gippy Grewal, Gurdas Maan, Hadiqa Kiyani,
Hans Raj Hans, Harbhajan Maan, Harjit Harman, Harshdeep Kaur
H-Dhami, Honey Singh, Imran Khan, Jagjit Singh, Jasbir Jassi, Jaspal Bhatti, Jaspinder Narula, Jassi Sidhu, Jaswinder Brar, Jawad Ahmad, Jaz Dhami, Jazzy B, Kamal Heer
Kanth Kaler, Kiran Ahluwalia, Kuldeep Manak, Kulwinder Dhillon, Labh Janjua, Lal Chand Yamla Jatt, Lehmber Hussainpuri, Malkit Singh, Mallika Jyoti, Manmohan Waris, Mansoor Ali Malangi, Master Saleem, Mika Singh, Miss Pooja,
Mona Singh, Nachhatar Gill, Nirmal Sidhu, Noor Jehan, Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, Pammi Bai, Sarbjit Cheema, Sardool Sikander, Satinder Sartaj, Satinder Satti, Sazi Judge, Shamshad Begum, Shazia Manzoor, Shingara Singh, Soni Pabla, Sukhbir, Sukhwinder Singh, Sukshinder Shinda, Surinder Kaur
Surinder Shinda, Surj Sahota Surjit Bindrakhia Yudhvir Manak
Created by Channel Philippines Network, the idea of the radio station germinated in 2006. Test broadcast started in late 2007. The broadcast studio is located in the heart of the United Kingdom in London, England.
CHANNEL PHILIPPINES NETWORK LIMITED
Registered in England and Wales
Registration No 06970078
Persian has ca. 110 million native speakers, holding official status respectively in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan. For centuries Persian has also been a prestigious cultural language in Central Asia, South Asia, and Western Asia.
Persian has had a considerable influence (mainly in the lexicon) on neighboring languages, particularly the Turkic languages in Central Asia, Caucasus, and Anatolia, neighboring Iranian languages, as well as Armenian, and Indo-Aryan languages, especially Urdu. It has exerted less influence on Arabic, while borrowing much vocabulary from it.
Tamil is one of the longest surviving classical languages in the world. It has been described as "the only language of contemporary India which is recognizably continuous with a classical past" and having "one of the richest literatures in the world". Tamil literature has existed for over 2000 years. The earliest epigraphic records found on rock edicts and hero stones date from around the 3rd century BCE. The earliest period of Tamil literature, Sangam literature, is dated from the 300 BCE – 300 CE. Tamil language inscriptions written c. 1st century BCE and 2nd century CE have been discovered in Egypt, Sri Lanka and Thailand. The two earliest manuscripts from India, to be acknowledged and registered by UNESCO Memory of the World register in 1997 and 2005 were in Tamil. More than 55% of the epigraphical inscriptions (about 55,000) found by the Archaeological Survey of India are in the Tamil language. According to a 2001 survey, there were 1,863 newspapers published in Tamil, of which 353 were dailies. It has the oldest extant literature amongst other Dravidian languages. The variety and quality of classical Tamil literature has led to its being described as "one of the great classical traditions and literatures of the world".
(தமிழ், tamiḻ, [t̪ɐmɨɻ] ?)
Tamil belongs to the southern branch of the Dravidian languages, a family of around 26 languages native to the Indian subcontinent. It is also classified as being part of a Tamil language family, which alongside Tamil proper, also includes the languages of about 35 ethno-linguistic groups such as the Irula, and Yerukula languages.
The closest major relative of Tamil is Malayalam. Until about the 9th century, Malayalam was a dialect of Tamil. Although many of the differences between Tamil and Malayalam demonstrate a pre-historic split of the western dialect, the process of separation into a distinct language, Malayalam, was not completed until sometime in the 13th or 14th century.
Daco-Romanian; obsolete spellings Rumanian, Roumanian; self-designation: română, limba română [ˈlimba roˈmɨnə] ( listen) ("the Romanian language") or românește
The Kurdish language itself has about 16 million speakers today. According to KONDA, 11.97% of the total population of Turkey speaks Kurdish as their native or second language. According to the CIA World Factbook, 9% of total population of Iran speaks Kurdish. The actual number of ethnic Kurds is higher than speakers of Kurdish varieties, estimated to be between 25–30 million.
Kurdish is not a unified standard language but a discursive construct of languages spoken by ethnic Kurds, referring to a group of speech varieties that are not necessarily mutually intelligible unless there has been considerable prior contact between their speakers. The second official language of Iraq, referred to only as 'Kurdish' in political documents, is in fact an academic and standardized version of the Sorani dialect of a branch of languages spoken by Kurds.
(Kurdish: Kurdî or کوردی)
Pashto belongs to the Northeastern Iranic branch of the Indo-Iranian language family, although Ethnologue lists it as Southeastern Iranic. The number of Pashtuns or Pashto-speakers is estimated 50-60 million people world wide. Pashto is one of the two official languages of Afghanistan (the other being Dari Persian), and a regional language in western and northwestern Pakistan.
پښتو, also transliterated Pax̌to, Paxto, Pukhto, Pushto or Pashtu), also known as Afghani (Persian: افغانی) and Pathani (Urdu: پٹھانی, Hindi: पठानी Paṭhānī)
Spanish author Miguel de Cervantes once called Portuguese "the sweet language" and Spanish playwright Lope de Vega referred to it as "sweet", while the Brazilian writer Olavo Bilac poetically described it as a última flor do Lácio, inculta e bela (the last flower of Latium, uncultured and beautiful). Portuguese is also termed "the language of Camões", after one of Portugal's greatest literary figures, Luís Vaz de Camões.
In March 2006, the Museum of the Portuguese Language, an interactive museum about the Portuguese language, was founded in São Paulo, Brazil, the city with the greatest number of Portuguese-language speakers in the world.
With a total of 236 million speakers, Portuguese is the 6th most spoken language in the world, the 3rd most spoken language in the western hemisphere, and the most spoken language in the southern hemisphere.
português or língua portuguesa
Mughals hailed from the Barlas tribe which was of Mongol origin, the tribe had embraced Turkic and Persian culture, and resided in Turkestan and Khorasan. Their mother tongue was the Chaghatai language (known to them as Turkī, "Turkic") and they were equally at home in Persian, the lingua franca of the Timurid elite. but after their arrival in the Indian subcontinent, the need to communicate with local inhabitants led to use of Indic languages written in the Persian alphabet, with some literary conventions and vocabulary retained from Persian and Turkic; this eventually became a new standard called Hindustani, which is the direct predecessor of Urdu. Urdu is often contrasted with Hindi. Apart from religious associations, the differences are largely restricted to the standard forms: Standard Urdu is conventionally written in the Nastaliq style of the Persian alphabet and relies heavily on Persian and Arabic as a source for technical and literary vocabulary, whereas Standard Hindi is conventionally written in Devanāgarī and draws on Sanskrit. However, both have large numbers of Persian, Arabic, and Sanskrit words, and most linguists consider them to be two standardized forms of the same language, and consider the differences to be sociolinguistic, though a few classify them separately. Mutual intelligibility decreases in literary and specialized contexts which rely on educated vocabulary. Due to religious nationalism since the partition of British India and continued communal tensions, native speakers of both Hindi and Urdu frequently assert them to be completely distinct languages, despite the numerous similarities between the two in a colloquial setting. However, it is quite easy to distinguish differences in vocabulary.
The word Urdu is derived from the same Turkish word that has given English horde. Urdu arose in the contact situation which developed from the invasions of the Indian subcontinent by Turkic dynasties from the 11th century onwards, first as Sultan Mahmud of the Ghaznavid empire conquered Punjab in the early 11th century, then when the Ghurids invaded northern India in the 12th century, and most decisively with the establishment of the Delhi Sultanate.
The official language of the Ghurids, Delhi Sultanate, the Mughal Empire, and their successor states, as well as the cultured language of poetry and literature, was Persian, while the language of religion was Arabic. Most of the Sultans and nobility in the Sultanate period were Turks from Central Asia who spoke Turkic as their mother tongue. The Mughals were also Chagatai, but later adopted Persian. Muzaffar Alam asserts that Persian became the lingua franca of the empire under Akbar for various political and social factors due to its non-sectarian and fluid nature. However, the armies, merchants, preachers, Sufis, and later the court, also incorporated the local people and the medieval Hindu literary language, Braj Bhasha.
Amandeep was voluntarily running first and only weekly Punjabi program in rural region of Coffs Harbour (NSW), famous as Woolgoolga, the village of first Punjabi/Indian settlement in Australia. The program was a huge success in distributing information, entertainment and running community programs.
Since year 2000 Australia is experiencing a huge migration boom from Indian subcontinent especially from Punjab. The streets of big cities like Melbourne and Sydney never seen a big number of Indian youth ever before. For the large population of Indians in foreign land there was a need of community based radio channel. Amandeep tried his best to convert this need into an opportunity to serve the community and mother tongue . He started working on this bigger goal.
There was 3 stage plan to start 24 hour broadcasting in Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane. There were number of limitations at first stage. The biggest was lack of spectrum availability in major city for specific language broadcasting(and it still is). After lot of research, side band of FM channel was chosen which is more commonly known as 'chip radio' in Canada and subscription model was chosen. Teams were formed which took various responsibilities such as studio building, instrumentation, quality control, advisory, etc. Program structure and content was discussed and planned. The first 24 hour test broadcast covering Sydney was conducted on 3rd July 2006. The official live launch was on 29th September, 2006. Programs improved day by day and more concepts were launched.
Harman Radio was the channel which exclusively targeted Indian audiences for 24 hours a day 7 days a week. Having studio and corporate office in Sydney, studios in Melbourne and Muktsar (Punjab), we broadcasted all across Sydney and Melbourne in Punjabi and Hindi. We also feel proud for being the first ever to live broadcast of Sports, Cultural and Religious activities of Indian origin in Australia. Being pioneers within the industry, we also contributed to the Indian community businesses by promoting their products and services on our Radio.
Day at Harman Radio would start with Gurbani at 4 am with Asa Di Vaar, followed by morning Gurbani, Shabad Kirtan and Katha till 8 am. 8.00 to 9.00am was Bhajan followed by the morning program which includes live news from Australia and India, Traffic, Weather, requests, etc. During day, theme based programs such as "Apni Saanjh" based on northern India's History, Literature and Poetry, "Heer Majajan" based on Punjabi Boliyan, "Matinee Masala" based on Bollywood Commentaries and Stories, etc were very popular.
Time from 3.00 to 5:00pm was set for afternoon programs with different themes everyday. At five, the live news bulletin was much anticipated by the listeners. 5:30 to 7:00pm was the most listened time slot in which we had evening Gurbani program which included Rehras Shabads, Dharmik Geet, Viakhia, Hukamnama Sahib and Religious announcements. Following Live news were evening Programs which included "Mix it Up" for youth, Bollywood mix, Deson Pardes, Patari, etc. Talk back programs such as "Baatan te Bhujartaan", Current affairs during weekdays, Fulwari on Sunday morning, Gupp Shupp, etc. "Khed Tarag" sports program were designed to give voice to community and were very successful.
Repeat programs from weekdays were also played during the weekends.
People joined in for their presentations. Harman radio provide a platform for Local Australian Punjabi youth to show their talent and capability as presenters, newsreader and in technical support. Extensive training was provided by experienced presenters of Harman radio to new presenters willing to contribute for community and our language.
ភាសាខ្មែរ, IPA: [pʰiːəsaː kʰmaːe]; or more formally, ខេមរភាសា, IPA: [kʰeɛmaʔraʔ pʰiːəsaː]), or Cambodian
Thai is the official language of Thailand, spoken by over 20 million people (2000), Standard Thai is based on the register of the educated classes of Bangkok. Khorat Thai is spoken by about 400,000 (1984) in Nakhon Ratchasima; it occupies a linguistic position somewhere between Siamese Thai and Isan on a dialect continuum, and may be considered a variant of either. A majority of the people in the Isan region of Thailand speak a dialect of the Lao language, which has influenced the Siamese Thai dialect.
In addition to Siamese Thai, Thailand is home to other related Tai languages, including:
Isan (Northeastern Thai), the language of the Isan region of Thailand, a socio-culturally distinct Thai–Lao hybrid dialect which is written with the Thai script. It is spoken by about 15 million people (1983).
Northern Thai (Phasa Nuea, Lanna, Kam Mueang, or Thai Yuan), spoken by about 6 million (1983) in the formerly independent kingdom of Lanna (Chiang Mai).
Southern Thai (Pak Tai), spoken by 4.5 million (2006).
Phu Thai, spoken by about half a million around Nakhon Phanom Province, and 300,000 more in Laos and Vietnam (2006).
Phuan, spoken by 200,000 in central Thailand and Isan, and 100,000 more in northern Laos (2006).
Shan (Thai Luang, Tai Long, Thai Yai), spoken by about 100,000 in north-west Thailand along the border with the Shan States of Burma, and by 3.2 million in Burma (2006).
Lü (Tai Lue, Dai), spoken by about 80,000 (2001) in northern Thailand, and 600,000 more in China, Burma, and Laos (1981–2000).
Nyaw language, spoken by 50,000 in Nakhon Phanom Province, Sakhon Nakhon Province, Udon Thani Province of Northeast Thailand (1990)
Song, spoken by about 30,000 in central and northern Thailand (2000).
Most speakers of dialects and minority languages speak Central Thai as well, since it is the language used in schools and universities all across the kingdom.
Numerous languages not related to Thai are spoken within Thailand. Near Laos and Burma, ethnic minority hill tribes people speak Hmong–Mien (Yao), Karen, Lisu, and others. Near Cambodia many communities speak Khmer, and the Mon-Khmer language variously known as Suay (ส่วย) Guay or Kuay (กวย) (also spoken in central Suphanburi province.
Siamese Thai is composed of several distinct registers, forms for different social contexts:
Street or common Thai (ภาษาพูด, spoken Thai): informal, without polite terms of address, as used between close relatives and friends.
Elegant or formal Thai (ภาษาเขียน, written Thai): official and written version, includes respectful terms of address; used in simplified form in newspapers.
Rhetorical Thai: used for public speaking.
Religious Thai: (heavily influenced by Sanskrit and Pāli) used when discussing Buddhism or addressing monks.
Royal Thai (ราชาศัพท์): (influenced by Khmer) used when addressing members of the royal family or describing their activities.
Most Thais can speak and understand all of these contexts. Street and elegant Thai are the basis of all conversations; rhetorical, religious and royal Thai are taught in schools as the national curriculum.
(ภาษาไทย Phasa Thai [pʰāːsǎː tʰāj], more precisely Central Thai or Siamese