The Malaysian capital is building a new three line metro system. Although it's called LRT (Light Rail) it is a fully independent metro network. There are three lines operated by different companies:
LRT 1 - AMPANG LINE
The formerly known 'STAR' (for "Sistem Transit Aliran Ringan") system is an elevated driver operated system. After construction began in 1993, the line started revenue service in three stages: 16 Dec 1996 Sultan Ismail - Ampang (12 km); 12 July 1998 Chan Sow Lin - Sri Petaling (southern branch) and finally in Dec. 1998 the northern stretch to Sentul Timur. Total length of the line is 27 km (17.6 at grade without level crossings, 9.4 elevated mainly between Sultan Ismail and Plaza Rakyat), 25 stations (17 at grade, 8 elevated). Trains run at a maximum speed of 70 km/h (commercial speed 35 km/h) and are air-conditioned. During 1999, its first full year of operation, it carried 26 million passengers. Since Nov 2004, the two lines have been operated by RAPID KL.
16 Dec 1996: Sultan Ismail - Ampang (12 km)
12 July 1998: Chan Sow Lin - Sri Petaling
xx Dec 1998: Sultan Ismail - Sentul Timur
LRT 2 - KELANA JAYA LINE
For one year this 29 km line was actually the world's longest fully automated line until Lille's Line 2 was extended to 32 km in Oct. 2000. It is mainly elevated with a 4.4 km underground section between Masjid Jamek and Ampang Park. All stations are wheelchair accessible, have toilets, and platform screen doors in underground stations, info is also provided in English. The former PUTRA (Projek Usahasama Transit Ringan Automatik) line is operated by 35 two-car air-conditioned trains which carry some 35 million passengers per year. On 1 Sept 1998 it started operating between Kelana Jaya and Pasar Seni (14.1 km), and from 26 June 1999 it continues north to Terminal Putra (now Gombak) (14.9 km). KL Sentral station (central railway station) finally opened on 1 April 2001. Since Nov 2004, the line has been operated by RAPID KL.
01 Sept 1998: Kelana Jaya - Pasar Seni (14.1 km)
26 June 1999: Pasar Seni - Terminal Putra (now Gombak) (14.9 km)
01 April 2001: KL Sentral station opened
24 Dec 2010: Sri Rampai station added
LRT 3 - PRT Monorail Line
Elevated monorail line (16 km), construction began in 1997. The initial section of the PRT (Peoplemover Rapid Transit) line (northern part) is 8.6 km long and includes 11 stations, Titiwangsa - KL Sentral. Permanently coupled 2-car trains are driver-operated and run every 2-5 minutes during peak hours. The 20 m long and 3 m wide trains are based on the Seattle Monorail. Stations are built 10 m above the road with 63 m side platforms, distance between stations is 600-1000 m. It links to both existing LRT lines twice.
31 Aug 2003: Titiwangsa - Tun Sambanthan (8 km)
KLIA Ekspres (Airport Express Line with commuter service)
On 14 April 2002, a new 57 km express rail line started operating from KL Sentral to KLIA (Kuala Lumpur International Airport). The line is also used for a commuter service with three intermediate stations.
A southwestern extension is planned for both the Kelana Jaya Line and the Ampang Line (each with 13 stations), with the two lines eventually meeting at Putra Heights.
In neighbouring Putrajaya, Malaysia's future capital city, an 18km, 23-station monorail network began construction, but works were suspended due to a general delay in the new city development. The network consists of two lines, one will be 12 km with 17 stations and the other 6km with 6 stations. It will be partly underground.