Six Kalma

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The Six Kalimas (from Arabic كلمة‎ kalimah "word") in Islam in South Asia are six significant parts of one's religious belief, mostly taken from hadiths (in some traditions, six phrases, then known as the five kalimas[clarification needed]).

The first of them, known as the ''kalimat tayyibah or "word of purity", second is called the shahada, third "tamjeed", fourth "tawheed", fifth "istighfar" and sixth is called "radde kufr". Recitation of the six kalimas is taught in Pakistan and other Muslim countries' madrasas,[1] but it is rare for average Pakistani Muslims to be able to recite them all.[2] Conversely, religious leaders are expected to be able to recite them, and the Pakistani Ministry of Religious Affairs in one instance earned political criticism for appointing as head of its Council of Islamic Ideology a man who was not able to recite them.[3] Riaz (2008) records memorization of the six kalimas as part of the syllabus of grade 3 (darja saum) education (i.e. taught in the third year of a five-year course) at the Deobandi school Darul Uloom Deoband in Uttar Pradesh, India.[4]

1. Kalimah Tayyibah kalimat aṭ-ṭaiyibah (Word of Purity) (Paak)
لَا إِلٰهَ إِلَّا الله مُحَمَّدٌ رَسُولُ الله‎
'lā ilāha illā -llāh, muḥammadur rasūlu -llāh
There is no god but Allah, [and] Muhammad is the messenger of Allah.[5][6][7][8]
2. Kalimah Shahadah kalimat ash-shahādah (Word of Evidence) (Gubaya)
أَشْهَدُ أنْ لا إلَٰهَ إِلَّا اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيْكَ لَهُ وَأشْهَدُ أنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ‎About this sound listen (help·info)[9] The text is from the 9th-century Sahih al-Bukhari, which attributes it to Sa`d ibn Abi Waqqas, who upon hearing the muezzin is said to have uttered:
Ašhadu an lā ilāha illā-llāh waḥdahu lā šarīka lahu, wa ašhadu anna muḥammadan ʿabduhu wa rasūluhu.
I bear witness that (there is) no god except Allah; One is He, no partner hath He, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger.
3. Kalimah Tamjeed kalimat at-tamjīd (Word of Majesty)[citation needed] (Bazorgee)
سُبْحَان اللهِ وَالْحَمْدُلِلّهِ وَلا إِلهَ إِلّااللّهُ وَاللّهُ أكْبَرُ وَلا حَوْلَ وَلاَ قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِاللّهِ الْعَلِيِّ الْعَظِيْم‎About this sound listen (help·info) [10]
Subḥāna-llāhi, wa-l-ḥamdu li-llāhi, wa lā ilāha illā-llāhu, Wa-llāhu akbar, Wa lā ḥawla wa lā quwwata illā bi-llāhi-l-ʿalīyyi-l-ʿaẓīm
Exalted is Allah, and praise be to Allah, and there is no deity except Allah, and Allah is the Greatest. And there is no might nor power except in Allah, the Most High, the Most Great.
4. Kalimah Tawheed kalimat at-tawḥīd (Word of Oneness) (Akila)
لَآ اِلٰهَ اِلَّا اللهُ وَحْدَهٗ لَا شَرِيْكَ لَهٗ لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَ لَهُ الْحَمْدُ يُحْىٖ وَ يُمِيْتُ وَ هُوَحَیٌّ لَّا يَمُوْتُ اَبَدًا اَبَدًاؕ ذُو الْجَلَالِ وَالْاِكْرَامِؕ بِيَدِهِ الْخَيْرُؕ وَهُوَ عَلٰى كُلِّ شیْ ٍٔ قَدِیْرٌؕ‎About this sound listen (help·info)
lā ilāha illā-llāhu waḥdahu lā sharīka lahu lahu l-mulku wa lahu l-ḥamdu yuḥyi wa yumītu wa huwa ḥayyu lā yamūtu abadan abadan dhu l-jalāli wa l-ʾikrām biyadihi-l khayr wa-huwa ʿala-kulli shayʾin qadīr
"(There is) no god except Allah – One is He, no partners hath He. His is the Dominion, and His is the Praise. He gives life and sees to the natural cycle of life, life on Earth ends (death) for there is the eternal after life. He is eternal and ubiquitous. He of Majesty and Munificence. Within His Hand is (all) good. And He is, upon everything, Able (to exert His Will)."
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