Dakshinamurthy or Jnana Dakshinamurti (దక్షిణామూర్తి) is an aspect of the Hindu god Shiva as a guru (teacher) of all types of knowledge (jnana). This aspect of Shiva is his personification as the supreme or the ultimate awareness, understanding and knowledge. This form represents Shiva as a teacher of yoga, music, and wisdom, and giving exposition on the shastras.
Dakshinamurti literally means 'one who is facing south (dakṣiṇa)' in Sanskrit. South is the direction of Death, hence change. In every Siva temple the stone image of Dakshinamurthy is installed facing south, on the southern circumambulatory path around the sanctum sanctorum. Perhaps, of all Hindu Gods, he is the only one sitting facing south.
Indian tradition accords a special reverence to the Guru or the teacher. Dakshinamurthy, in the Hindu system of beliefs is regarded as the ultimate Guru - the embodiment of knowledge and the destroyer of ignorance (as represented by the demon being crushed under the feet of the deity). The Jnana Mudra is interpreted in this way:- The thumb denotes the God and the index finger denotes the man. The other three fingers stand for the three congenital impurities of man viz. arrogance, illusion and bad deeds of the past births. When man detaches himself from these impurities, he reaches God. Another interpretation is that the other three fingers denote the three states of life: Jagruti (Fully awake through senses and mind), Swapna (Sleep state - When the mind is awake) and Sushupti (True-self - When the senses and mind go into soul - Atma). The Abhaya Mudra, a gesture with the hand lifted above thigh with palm facing out, fingers pointing, is interpreted as His grace upon His students. The rosary or the snake signifies tantric knowledge. The fire represents illumination, removing the darkness of ignorance.
The fifth day of the week, Thursday is associated with the planet Jupiter and is referred to as Guru (Guruvar or Guruvaaram). Thursdays are considered auspicious to start any educational endeavours. It is on Thursdays that special worship services are offered to Dakshinamurthy in many Saivite temples. Some temple traditions hold full moon nights, particularly the night of the Guru Purnima as the appropriate time for worship services to Dakshinamurthy. Chitra Poornima is also an important day celebrated for Lord Dakshinamurthi.
This application is in devotion towards Lord Dakshinamurthi. It has the below slokas and manthras in Telugu and English with audio. The audio helps to learn the mantra pronunciation.
1. DakshinaMoorthi Ashtotharam
2. DakshinaMoorthi Gayatri Mantra
3. DakshinaMoorthi Mantra 1
4. DakshinaMoorthi Mantra 2
All these slokas and manthras can be chanted everyday.
Ashtotharam or Ashtotharasathanamavali are generally 100 or more names venerating the deity, in this application it is Lord Dakshinamurthi. Ashtotharams are chanted while offering flowers to the deity during daily pooja. One can chant Dakshinamurthi ashtotharam during pooja everyday especially on Thursday offering yellow coloured flowers with fragrance.
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