Arheološki lokalitet Lepenski Vir

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Lepenski Vir je praistorijsko naselje na desnoj obali Dunava, u Đerdapskoj klisuri, koje je dalo ime istoimenoj kulturi mezolita ovog dela toka Dunava. Prepoznaje se po karakterističnim trapezolikim građevinama i monumentalnim, istovremeno ribolikim i čovekolikim skulpturama od velikih rečnih oblutaka. Otkriveno je u periodu od 1961. do 1967. godine u akciji arheološkog istraživanja terena u ovom delu Podunavlja, koji je trebalo da bude poplavljen nakon izgradnje brane Đerdap 1, kod Kladova. Rekognosciranje terena je obavio 1960. godine Obrad Kujović, arheolog, našavši na lokalitetu ostatke rimske kule za osmatranje i ulomke neolitske keramike i čuvši od meštana predanje da se tu nekada nalazio grad... Tim tragom je pošao Dragoslav Srejović, kopao dublje i ispod neolitskog našao mezolitsko naselje, koje danas znamo kao Lepenski Vir; 1967. godine objavio je svoj nalaz svetu. Do danas, nije nađeno ništa slično, kako na teritoriji današnje Evrope, tako ni u ostalom delu sveta.

1971. godine, ovo praistorijsko naselje je izmešteno na novu lokaciju, na višoj koti, oko 100m prema severozapadu a njegova originalna lokacija je potopljena. U toku izmeštanja naselja, otkriven je još stariji kulturni sloj, koji je Dragoslav Srejović nazvao Proto-Lepenski Vir, ali za dalje istraživanje više nije bilo vremena: međunarodni ugovori o izgradnji brane na Dunavu i regulaciji plovnog puta su zahtevali striktno poštovanje termina.
Lepenski Vir is a prehistoric settlement on the right bank of the Danube, in the Djerdap Gorge, which gave the name of the same-named Mesolithic culture of this part of the Danube. It is recognized by characteristic trapezoidal buildings and monumental, and simultaneously fishing and man-made sculptures from large river pebbles. It was discovered in the period from 1961 to 1967 in the field of archaeological research of the terrain in this part of the Danube River, which was supposed to be flooded after the construction of the Djerdap 1 dam, near Kladovo. Obrad Kujovic, an archaeologist, found the area to be recognized in 1960 by finding the remains of a Roman tower for observation and fragments of Neolithic ceramics and hearing from the local tradition that the city once existed ... This trail was sent by Dragoslav Srejović, digging deeper and below the Neolithic found a Mesolithic settlement, which today we know as Lepenski Vir; In 1967, he published his findings to the world. To date, nothing has been found, both in the territory of today's Europe, so in the rest of the world.

In 1971, this prehistoric settlement was relocated to a new location, at a higher angle, about 100m towards the northwest and its original location was submerged. During the relocation of the settlement, an even older cultural layer was discovered, which Dragoslav Srejović called Proto-Lepenski Vir, but for further research there was no time: international agreements on the construction of a dam on the Danube and regulation of the waterway required strict respect for the term.
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