المبسوط للسرخسي

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لقد ألّف الإمام شمس الأئمة أبو بكر محمد بن أبي سهل السرخسي -رحمه الله- كتابه المبسوط في السجن إملاءاً على طلابه، وقد بلغ هذا الكتاب نحو ثلاثين مجلدا !!
وجاء في مقدمة الكتاب:
(( (قَالَ الشَّيْخُ ) الْإِمَامُ الْأَجَلُّ الزَّاهِدُ شَمْسُ الْأَئِمَّةِ أَبُو بَكْرٍ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ أَبِي سَهْلٍ السَّرَخْسِيُّ رَحِمَهُ اللَّهُ وَنَوَّرَ ضَرِيحَهُ وَهُوَ فِي الْحَبْسِ بِأُوزَجَنْدَ إمْلَاءً ))
وقصة سجنه رحمه الله أن حاكم البلدة المسمى بـأوزجند تزوج جارية قبل أن يستبرأها، فسئل عمن فعل ذلك رحمه الله فقال: فعله حرام لايجوز ونكاحه باطل، فغضب عليه الحاكم وسجنه في جب !! وبقي في البئر محبوسا نحو عشر سنين، فسأله بعض طلابه أن يشرح لهم كتاب الكافي في الفقه على مذهب الأحناف للحاكم محمد بن محمد المروزي،
وقال في مقدمته: ( فرأيت الصواب في شرح المختصر، لا أريد على المعنى المؤثر في بيان كل مسألة اكتفاءاً بما هو المعتمد في كل باب وقد انضم إلى ذلك سؤال بعض الخواص من أصحابي زمن حبسي حين ساعدوني لأنسي، أن أملي عليهم ذلك فأجبتهم )
وقال في شرحه عند فراغه من شرح العبادات:( هَذَا آخِرُ شَرْحِ الْعِبَادَاتِ بِأَوْضَحِ الْمَعَانِي وَأَوْجَزِ الْعِبَارَاتِ أَمْلَاهُ الْمَحْبُوسُ عَنْ الْجَمْعِ وَالْجَمَاعَاتِ مُصَلِّيًا عَلَى سَيِّدِ السَّادَاتِ مُحَمَّدٍ الْمَبْعُوثِ بِالرِّسَالَاتِ وَعَلَى أَهْلِهِ مِنْ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ ) !!
وقال في آخر شرح الإقرار: ( انتهى شرح الإقرار المشتمل من المعاني على ما هو من الأسرار أملاه المحبوس في محبس الأشرار ) !!
وقال في آخر كتاب العتاق: ( انْتَهَى شَرْحُ كِتَابِ الْعَتَاقِ مِنْ مَسَائِلِ الْخِلَافِ وَالْوِفَاقِ ، أَمْلَاهُ الْمُسْتَقْبِلُ لِلْمِحَنِ بِالْإِعْتَاقِ الْمَحْصُورِ فِي طَرَفٍ مِنْ الْآفَاقِ حَامِدًا لِلْمُهَيْمِنِ الرَّزَّاقِ وَمُرْتَجِيًا إلَى لِقَائِهِ الْعَزِيزِ بِالْأَشْوَاقِ وَمُصَلِّيًا عَلَى حَبِيبِ الْخَلَّاقِ وَعَلَى آلِهِ وَأَصْحَابِهِ خَيْرِ الصَّحْبِ وَالرِّفَاقِ .)
وقال أيضا:انْتَهَى شَرْحُ الصِّفَارِ مِنْ الْفُرُوعِ مِنْ الِاسْتِحْسَانُ إلَى الْبُيُوعِ ، بِالْمُؤْثَرِ مِنْ الْمُعَانِي مَعَ الْخَبَرِ الْمَسْمُوعِ بِإِمْلَاءِ الْمُلْتَمِسِ لِرَفْعِ الْبَاطِلِ الْمَوْضُوعِ ، الْمَنْفِيّ لِأَجْلِهِ الْمَحْصُورِ الْمَمْنُوعِ عَنْ الْأَهْلِ وَالْوَلَدِ وَالْكِتَاب الْمَجْمُوع الطَّالِب لِلْفَرَجِ بِالدُّعَاءِ وَالْخُشُوعِ فِي ظُلَمِ اللَّيَالِي بِالْبُكَاءِ { وَالدُّمُوعِ } ، مَقْرُونًا بِالصَّلَاةِ عَلَى سَيِّدِ أَهْلِ الْجُمُوعِ وَعَلَى آلِهِ وَأَصْحَابِهِ أَهْلِ التُّقَى وَالْخُضُوعِ..
وقال: انْتَهَى شَرْحُ كِتَابَ الْوَلَاءِ بِطَرِيقِ الْإِمْلَاءِ مِنْ الْمُمْتَحَنِ بِأَنْوَاعِ الْبَلَاءِ .
يَسْأَلُ مِنْ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى تَبْدِيلَ الْبَلَاءِ وَالْجَلَاءِ بِالْعِزِّ وَالْعَلَاءِ ، فَإِنَّ ذَلِكَ عَلَيْهِ يَسِيرٌ وَهُوَ عَلَى مَا يَشَاءُ قَدِيرٌ .
وقال: انْتَهَى شَرْحُ كِتَابِ الْمُكَاتَبِ بِإِمْلَاءٍ الْمَحْصُورِ الْمُعَاتَبِ ، وَالْمَحْبُوسِ الْمُعَاقَبِ وَهُوَ مُنْذُ حَوْلَيْنِ عَلَى الصَّبْرِ مُوَاظِبٌ وَلِلنَّجَاةِ بِلَطِيفِ صُنْعِ اللَّهِ مُرَاقِبٌ .
وقال: انْتَهَى شَرْحُ كِتَابِ الْعَتَاقِ مِنْ مَسَائِلِ الْخِلَافِ وَالْوِفَاقِ ، أَمْلَاهُ الْمُسْتَقْبِلُ لِلْمِحَنِ بِالْإِعْتَاقِ الْمَحْصُورِ فِي طَرَفٍ مِنْ الْآفَاقِ حَامِدًا لِلْمُهَيْمِنِ الرَّزَّاقِ وَمُرْتَجِيًا إلَى لِقَائِهِ الْعَزِيزِ بِالْأَشْوَاقِ وَمُصَلِّيًا عَلَى حَبِيبِ الْخَلَّاقِ وَعَلَى آلِهِ وَأَصْحَابِهِ خَيْرِ الصَّحْبِ وَالرِّفَاقِ .
I have a thousand imams Imam Shams Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Abi easy Sarkhasi mercy of Allah book Mabsoot in prison Amlaoua on his students, and this book was about thirty volumes !!
According to the introduction to the book:
(((Sheikh) Imam term Zahed sun Imams Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Abi said easy Sarkhasi God's mercy and the light of his tomb and is in custody Boozjend dictate))
And the story of his imprisonment God's mercy that the town governor called Boozjend married underway before Aestbroha, who was asked to do so may God have mercy on him, he said: It is not permitted to do haram and his marriage was invalid, was angry with the ruling and imprisoned in the pit !! And he remained in custody in the well for about a decade, some of his students asked him to explain them adequately in the book on the doctrine of Hanafi Fiqh ruler Muhammad ibn Muhammad al-Marwazi,
He said in his introduction: (I saw right in explaining the manual, do not want the meaning of the influential in the statement of each issue Aktefaoua what is approved in each section were joined by some properties of a question from my friends the time of locking me while helped me to forget, that is my hope for them so I told them)
He said in his explanation when he finished explaining worship :( This is another explanation of worship as clearly outlined the meanings and phrases dictated trapped for combining groups worshipers Syed Sadat Mohammed Balrsalat envoy and his family of believers) !!
He explained in another statement: (finished explaining to acknowledge Almstml meanings to what is dictated secrets trapped in the wicked stopcock) !!
He said in another book manumission: (finished explaining the book manumission of disagreement and reconciliation issues, the future dictated by the tribulations Balaataq trapped at the tip of the prospects Hamda the dominant Razzaq and Mrtgia to Aziz met know about you and praying Habib creative and his family and his companions the best CABAL comrades.)
He also said: finished explaining the yolk of the branches of the plaudits to sales, Palmather meanings with the news audible dictate the petitioner to raise the wrong subject, exiled him trapped forbidden for family and children and book total student Faraj prayers and reverence in the injustice of nights crying {tears}, coupled with prayer to the Lord people of the crowd and his family and his friends and the people he met undergo ..
He said, explaining the book ended up accidentally spelling of loyalty Examiner types scourge.
Asks God Almighty switch scourge and evacuation Baezz and Ala, that it is going on and is what he wants things.
He said the book ended up explaining offices dictate Scolder trapped, and trapped a punishable since Holin patience studious and survival Blatif God made the observer.
He said, explaining the book ended manumission of disagreement and reconciliation issues, the future dictated by the plight of the trapped at the tip of Balaataq Hamda prospects for a dominant Razzaq and Mrtgia to a meeting with Aziz know about you and praying on the creative Habib and his family and his friends and comrades good CABAL.
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