Makers all over the world want to add intelligence to their homes, to be more efficient
with resources, and to use data and sensors to control things. Before you convert
your real home to the Internet of Things, make a smaller version of a smart house. In
Italy, a miniature house is called a casetta, so let’s learn about electronics, computer
programming, and mobile applications by setting up our own Domus Smart House. To
help make things easier, you are going to follow the step-by-step guide to add, program,
and test each function individually until the mini house is fully assembled. You will be
able to control a mini house’s ambient light color, ring the bell, receive motion detection
alerts, and monitor the ambient temperature — all from a mobile device (Apple/Android) connected to the local network.
The breadboard is the primary place where you will be building the circuits. The
horizontal and vertical rows of the breadboard carry electricity through thin metal strips
under the plastic on top, with holes to plug in your components. The breadboard diagram
is what you will make your breadboard look like with the parts in your kit. The other view
of the circuit is called a schematic view, which is a more abstract way of showing the
relationships between components in a circuit. Schematics do not always show where
components are placed relative to each other, but they show how they are connected.