This edition includes:An abridged selection of all 5 books for the contemporaryreaderAn original commentary offering new research and analysis byclassic literature guru Tom Butler-Bowdon A biography and chronology of Adam Smith's life and the eventssurrounding the original publication of the work
Today, The Wealth of Nations is still essential readingfor any business or self-development library, reminding us that itis the ingenuity and drive of people, not governments, that remainsthe source of personal, national and global prosperity.
Adam Smith's The Wealth of Nations is the great pioneering study of economic growth and performance. When first published in 1776, the factory-based Industrial Revolution was only just getting underway. However, there had been steadily rising production and incomes in Britain, the North American colonies, Holland and other countries since at least the late 17th century.
Smith uses basic theory, observation and documentary sources to analyze the nature and causes of economic advancement in general.
The book is lengthy and wide-ranging. It examines the contributions to production of labour, land and capital. It explains the economic importance of large buoyant markets and industrial specialization. It also shows that national wealth does not depend on economic factors alone. For example, the favourableness or otherwise of the political-legal environment for industry and commerce is everywhere a major influence on national prosperity.
This is a moderately abridged current language version of the book – essentially translating the work into modern English to improve its readability and understandability. The translation is substantive but retains literalness and original word order and grammar as far as possible.
BOOK 1: INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION, DISTRIBUTION AND INCOMES
Chapter 1: Industrial Specialization
Chapter 2: The Origins Of Industrial Specialization
Chapter 3: The Extent Of The Market Limits Specialization
Chapter 4: The Origins And Use Of Money
Chapter 5: The Real Economic And Nominal Monetary Prices Of Goods
Chapter 6: Supply Prices, Production Costs And Incomes
Chapter 7: The Natural And Market Prices Of Products
Chapter 8: The Wages Of Labour
Chapter 9: The Profits Of Capital
Chapter 10: Wages And Profits In Different Trades
Chapter 11: The Rent Of Land
BOOK 2: CAPITAL – ITS NATURE, ACCUMULATION AND USES
Chapter 1: Different Types Of Capital
Chapter 2: Monetary Capital
Chapter 3: The Accumulation Of Capital
Chapter 4: Capital Lent At Interest
Chapter 5: The Different Uses Of Capital
BOOK 3: NATIONAL ECONOMIC GROWTH AND PERFORMANCE DIFFERENCES
Chapter 1: The Natural Process Of Economic Growth
Chapter 2: The Discouragement Of Agriculture In Europe After The Fall Of The Roman Empire
Chapter 3: Urban Growth And Manufacturing After The Fall Of The Roman Empire
Chapter 4: The Contribution Of Urban Industry And Commerce To Rural Economies
BOOK 4: POLITICAL-ECONOMIC THEORIES AND POLICIES
Chapter 1: The Mercantilist Political Economic Model
Chapter 2: Restrictions On Importing Goods Capable Of Domestic Production
Chapter 3: Restrictions On Imports To Correct So-called Disadvantageous Trade Balances
Chapter 4: Tax Refunds On Exports
Chapter 5: Export Subsidies
Chapter 6: Treaties Of Commerce
Chapter 7: Colonies
Chapter 8: The Mercantilist System – Conclusions
Chapter 9: The Agricultural Political Economic Model – The Notion Of Land As The Great Source Of National Wealth
BOOK 5: GOVERNMENT FINANCES – PUBLIC EXPENDITURE, TAXATION AND BORROWING
Chapter 1: Government Expenditure
Chapter 2: The Sources Of General Public Revenues
Chapter 3: Public Debts
The foundation for all modern economic thought and political economy, The Wealth of Nations is the magnum opus of Scottish economist Adam Smith, who introduces the world to the very idea of economics and capitalism in the modern sense of the words. Smith details his argument in five books: Book I. Of the Causes of Improvement in the Productive Power of Labour Book II. Of the Nature, Accumulation, and Employment of Stock Introduction Book III. Of the Different Progress of Opulence in Different Nations Book IV. Of Systems of Political Economy Book V. Of the Revenue of the Sovereign or Commonwealth Taken together, these books form a giant leap forward in the field of economics. A product of the "Age of Enlightenment," The Wealth of Nations is a must for all who wish to gain a better understanding of the principles upon which all modern capitalistic economies have been founded and the process of wealth creation that is engendered by those principles.
But you are also the solution to your greatest problem.
This book combats a destructive mind-set that we all sometimes fall into: I can't change. I am the victim of my circumstances, and I am confined by my personal limitations. This philosophy, though intangible, destroys more dreams and limits more lives than any actual, physical obstacle. To show us how to overcome this philosophy of fear, Smith draws on literature, history, and his personal experiences with chronic depression, as well as on encounters with remarkable “ordinary” people who've embraced a different philosophy: the belief that we possess the power to lift ourselves out of the abyss and into the light.
Smith inspires us to see that no matter how dire our circumstances may be, there is always a positive step you can take, however small it might be. He doesn't sugarcoat the difficulties or offer promises of overnight success. But he does promise that if you continue to see yourself as a victim you'll remain frozen and fearful. We may not be able to control what happens to us, but we can always control how we react.