Essay from the year 2005 in the subject Nutritional Science, , language: English, abstract: Hemochromatosis is a rare disorder of the iron metabolism, which leads to abnormal deposits of iron in the liver and other organs. Alone in Germany, an estimated two to four hundred thousand people suffer from hemochromatosis. Hence, the so-called iron overload is among the most common hereditary disorders. In the format of this short communication we will discuss, what the characteristics of hemochromatosis are and how it can be recognized at an early stage. The disorder is usually diagnosed in patients between 40 and 60 years old. Primary hemochromatosis has a hereditary cause, whereas the secondary form of iron overload occurs with blood disorders. Patients suffer from a particular form of diabetes mellitus and dark pigmentation of the skin (bronzing), as well as hepatic cirrhosis. Other clinical syndromes include hormonal imbalances, cardiomyopathy and other physiological changes. Patients show elevated serum levels of iron and increased concentrations of ferritin. Routine treatment consists in phlebotomies. Moreover, extreme challenges such as food items rich in iron must be avoided. An iron-reduced diet, however, cannot replace phlebotomies as a form of therapy.
Script from the year 2011 in the subject Nutritional Science, , language: English, abstract: Musculoskeletal disorders can be of inflammatory as well as degenerative nature. 10 to 15 percent of all patients presenting at medical surgeries suffer from diseases and conditions affecting the musculoskeletal system. It is estimated that about 2.5 to 3 percent of the German population suffer from inflammatory rheumatic diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis. These figures emphasise both, the need for providing those affected and interested in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of inflammatory and degenerative diseases of the musculoskeletal system with up-to-date information, and the socio-economic impact and burden on the health-care system of this group of diseases. Rheumatoid diseases involve conditions associated with pain and functional limitations of the musculoskeletal system and as such, diseases of the peripheral joints have to be differentiated from diseases affecting the root skeleton and the ones affecting connective tissues. People adversely affected by rheumatoid arthritis, are known to benefit from an anti-inflammatory nutritional therapy, as it is described in this book. This diet is low in inflammation-promoting arachidonic acid and rich in omega-3 fatty acids, which are known to reduce inflammatory reactions. At least 800.000 people in Germany suffer from rheumatoid arthritis. Osteoarthritis, also known as degenerative joint disease is characterised by the progressive degradation of cartilage. As part of the nutritional therapy, sufferers of osteoarthritis benefit from a healthy, balanced diet that helps to reduce weight and to prevent weight gain. Patients suffering from osteoarthritis often develop secondary inflammatory complications (activated osteoarthritis) and, hence, benefit from a similar diet recommended in patients suffering from rheumatoid arthritis.
Essay from the year 2012 in the subject Guidebooks - Nutrition, Food, Drinking, , language: English, abstract: We live in a land of virtually unlimited food supply and we like to make substantial use of this. Industrialised farming, fast means of transport and improved ways of cooling and preserving food, ensure that the food availability is enormous and independent of the seasons. While man once required excess body fat as a reserve for lean times, today refrigerators and preservation methods mean that we rarely encounter supply shortages. However, our metabolism is still set on efficient energy intake from food and on the storage of body fat. The per capita consumption of fat and products based on white flour has grown rapidly in the last 50 years, whereas that of high-fibre wholemeal products has declined sharply. Professor Dr. Walter Feldheim, University of Kiel, described obesity as a dietary fibre deficiency disorder - because fibres saturate and, thus prevent overeating. A lack of exercise in everyday life as well as perceived stress during leisure time, lead to us eating more and more fast food, processed as well as part-processed products. These products burden the physique with plenty of fat. What’s more, eating is a process driven by emotion. In fact, by eating many people try to satisfy needs other than hunger and use it as an outlet in emotionally stressful situations such as anger, sadness, loneliness or insecurity. This type of eating has nothing to do with satisfying one’s hunger or indeed with the necessity to supply the organism with energy, nutrients and health-preserving vitamins and minerals. [...]