In the sixth century b.c.-twenty-five hundred years before Einstein-Heraclitus of Ephesus declared that energy is the essence of matter, that everything becomes energy in flux, in relativity. His great book, On Nature, the world's first coherent philosophical treatise and touchstone for Plato, Aristotle, and Marcus Aurelius, has long been lost to history-but its surviving fragments have for thousands of years tantalized our greatest thinkers, from Montaigne to Nietzsche, Heidegger to Jung. Now, acclaimed poet Brooks Haxton presents a powerful free-verse translation of all 130 surviving fragments of the teachings of Heraclitus, with the ancient Greek originals beautifully reproduced en face.
For more than seventy years, Penguin has been the leading publisher of classic literature in the English-speaking world. With more than 1,700 titles, Penguin Classics represents a global bookshelf of the best works throughout history and across genres and disciplines. Readers trust the series to provide authoritative texts enhanced by introductions and notes by distinguished scholars and contemporary authors, as well as up-to-date translations by award-winning translators.
From the Trade Paperback edition.
Differentiation is contrast, leading to the polarisation of contraries. So long as this mayavic state exists there will be perpetual struggle and “wars.” By adjusting the opposing forces, eternally reacting upon each other, the One Law in Nature, counterbalances contraries and produces final harmony.
Says H.P. Blavatsky, founder of the Modern Theosophical Movement:
“For Theosophists of our school the Deity is a Unity in which all other units in their infinite variety merge and from which they are indistinguishable — except in the prism of theistic Maya. The individual drops of the curling waves of the universal Ocean have no independent existence. In short, while the Theist proclaims his God a gigantic universal Being, the Theosophist declares with Heraclitus, as quoted by a modern author, that the One Absolute is not Being — but becoming: the ever-developing, cyclic evolution, the Perpetual Motion of Nature visible and invisible — moving, and breathing even during its long Pralayic Sleep.”