The National Book Award winning history of how racist ideas were created, spread, and deeply rooted in American society.

Some Americans insist that we're living in a post-racial society. But racist thought is not just alive and well in America--it is more sophisticated and more insidious than ever. And as award-winning historian Ibram X. Kendi argues, racist ideas have a long and lingering history, one in which nearly every great American thinker is complicit.

In this deeply researched and fast-moving narrative, Kendi chronicles the entire story of anti-black racist ideas and their staggering power over the course of American history. He uses the life stories of five major American intellectuals to drive this history: Puritan minister Cotton Mather, Thomas Jefferson, abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison, W.E.B. Du Bois, and legendary activist Angela Davis.

As Kendi shows, racist ideas did not arise from ignorance or hatred. They were created to justify and rationalize deeply entrenched discriminatory policies and the nation's racial inequities.

In shedding light on this history, Stamped from the Beginning offers us the tools we need to expose racist thinking. In the process, he gives us reason to hope.

Praise for Stamped from the Beginning:

"We often describe a wonderful book as 'mind-blowing' or 'life-changing' but I've found this rarely to actually be the case. I found both descriptions accurate for Ibram X. Kendi's Stamped from the Beginning... I will never look at racial discrimination again after reading this marvellous, ambitious, and clear-sighted book." - George Saunders, Financial Times, Best Books of 2017

"Ambitious, well-researched and worth the time of anyone who wants to understand racism." - Seattle Times

"A deep (and often disturbing) chronicling of how anti-black thinking has entrenched itself in the fabric of American society." - The Atlantic

Winner of the 2016 National Book Award for NonfictionA New York Times BestsellerA Washington Post BestsellerOn President Obama's Black History Month Recommended Reading List
Finalist for the 2016 National Book Critics Circle Award for NonfictionNamed one of the Best Books of the Year by the Boston Globe, Washington Post, Chicago Review of Books, The Root, Buzzfeed, Bustle, and Entropy

From the National Book Award–winning author of Stamped from the Beginning comes a “groundbreaking” (Time) approach to understanding and uprooting racism and inequality in our society—and in ourselves.

“The only way to undo racism is to consistently identify and describe it—and then dismantle it.”

Antiracism is a transformative concept that reorients and reenergizes the conversation about racism—and, even more fundamentally, points us toward liberating new ways of thinking about ourselves and each other. At it's core, racism is a powerful system that creates false hierarchies of human value; its warped logic extends beyond race, from the way we regard people of different ethnicities or skin colors to the way we treat people of different sexes, gender identities, and body types. Racism intersects with class and culture and geography and even changes the way we see and value ourselves. In How to Be an Antiracist, Kendi takes readers through a widening circle of antiracist ideas—from the most basic concepts to visionary possibilites—that will help readers see all forms of racism clearly, understand their posionous consequences, and work to oppose them in our systems and in ourselves.

Kendi weaves an electrifying combination of ethics, history, law, and science with his own personal story of awakening to antiracism. This is an essential work for anyone who wants to go beyond the awareness of racism to the next step: contributing to the formation of a just and equitable society.

Advance praise for How to Be an Antiracist
 
“A combination of memoir and extension of [Kendi’s] towering Stamped from the Beginning . . . Never wavering . . . Kendi methodically examines racism through numerous lenses: power, biology, ethnicity, body, culture, and so forth. . . . This unsparing honesty helps readers, both white and people of color, navigate this difficult intellectual territory. . . . Essential.”—Kirkus Reviews (starred review)

“In this sharp blend of social commentary and memoir . . . Kendi is ready to spread his message, his stories serving as a springboard for potent explorations of race, gender, colorism, and more. . . . With Stamped From the Beginning, Kendi proved himself a first-rate historian. Here, his willingness to turn the lens on himself marks him as a courageous activist, leading the way to a more equitable society.”—Library Journal (starred review)
從黑人出生的那刻起,他們/她們就已經被貼上了標籤

《生而被標籤》將細細爬梳種族歧視思想的歷史根源,重回黑人的命運時刻


作者肯迪教授認為,種族主義並不是生根於人們的無知與仇恨,而是掌握權力的男男女女製造了種族主義、種族歧視政策,進而產生世上的無知與仇恨!


★美國前總統歐巴馬盛讚

★Amazon、Goodreads 2000人以上五顆星推薦

★2016年美國國家圖書獎獲獎作品

★2016年科克斯書評年度最佳歷史書籍得主

★2016年有色人種促進協會形象獎最佳非小説類決選名單

★東吳大學歷史系副教授盧令北、政治大學國際關係研究中心研究員嚴震生 專文導讀

★台灣大學法律系教授李茂生︱台灣人權促進會祕書長邱伊翎︱知性藝人陳嘉行︱高中公民教師、《思辨》作者黃益中︱高雄師範大學性別所副教授楊佳羚︱法律白話文運動站長、律師楊貴智︱媒體工作者蔡詩萍︱台灣大學社會系教授藍佩嘉︱作家、出版人顏擇雅 共同推薦(依照姓氏筆劃排列)


本書英文書名Stamped from the Beginning,出自密西西比州參議員傑佛遜.戴維斯,於一八六○年四月十二日在美國參議院發表的演說。他後來當過美利堅邦聯總統,當時人在華盛頓特區反對一個補助黑人教育的法案。戴維斯向他的同僚大放厥詞,「這個政府不是由黑人、也不是為黑人創建的」,而是「由白人、為白人創建的」,他宣稱,補助黑人教育法案奠基於錯誤的種族平等觀念,「黑白種族之間的不平等」是「從黑人誕生前就被貼上了」。

——伊布拉.肯迪


伊布拉.肯迪教授以編年的方式,在本書中詳實研究、完整記錄黑人種族歧視觀念的過程,及其在美國歷史發展中的驚人影響力。本書挑選了五位重要的美國知識份子,用他們的人生故事,讓我們一窺同化主義者與隔離主義者、種族歧視者與反種族歧視者之間的激烈辯論。這其中包括十七世紀末英國清教神學領袖柯頓.馬瑟,他賦予了奴隸制度正當性,把階級思想帶入北美殖民地;美國第三任總統湯瑪斯.傑佛遜,他在一八○○年力推廢止奴隸貿易,但卻並不反對奴隸制度;十九世紀初的威廉.蓋瑞森,他是激進的廢奴主義者;二十世紀初的杜波依斯,他推動黑人民權運動、泛非團結;以及至今仍在世的一九六○年代黑豹黨領導人安吉拉.戴維斯。透過這些人,我們可以看到美國支持奴隸制度與擁護黑人民權的優秀思想家們,如何鞏固或挑戰了美國的種族歧視觀念,以及背後的因素。


作者指出,跟一般人的認知不同,種族歧視的觀念並不是因為無知或仇恨而生,而是被每個時代某些最出色的人物催生琢磨出來的。種族歧視的觀念很容易製造,也很容易使用,但也會招來惡名。於是這些知識份子運用他們的優秀才能,為根深柢固的歧視政策和一國的種族差異辯護並加以合理化,不分貧富,無一不涉。他們羅織了許多貌似有理的理論,來加以正當化,就如同一八六○的參議員傑佛遜.戴維斯反對黑人教育法案的說詞,他說美國是為了白人而創建,不是為了黑人,黑白人種間的不平等是命定的、無法改變的,黑人無權享有跟白人同等的權利。


《生而被標籤》揭露了種族歧視觀念的歷史根源,讓我們警醒原來人類思想中有如此陰暗的一面,但本書也同時帶給我們改變社會觀念的希望。作者肯迪教授在美國國家圖書獎獲獎感言中曾提到,縱使他見證了種族主義最險惡的一面,但他也看到反種族主義最美善的一面,因此他始終沒有失去過信念,期許終有一日人類能擺脫種族主義的束縛,將人人生而平等的理念落實在社會中。


【國際書評】


引人入勝、規模宏大的美國偏見史……肯迪毫不留情地剖析美國的種族觀念,找出其張力、矛盾及意外的結果。

——華盛頓郵報


一部探討種族歧視新主題的書,但書寫方式也適合非學術人士閱讀。如果你對種族歧視觀念如何擴散到美國各地,就該讀這本書。

——The Root


這是一本具有野心、研究詳實的書,值得任何想了解種族歧視的人一讀。

——西雅圖時報


肯迪在這部傑作中探討種族歧視觀念及行為的歷史,綜觀美國歷史。種族歧視是美國良心永遠的傷痕。在這部宏大的巨著中,肯迪揭露這個傷痕有多深,為何難以痊癒,在皮下隱隱作痛,且仍會發炎。

——科克斯書評


本書爬梳美國的種族歷史,指出許多本意良善的美國進步份子,不慎操作了沾染種族歧視遺毒的理念系統。

——時代雜誌


本書展現了種族歧視觀念在美國有多根深柢固,將之清楚暴露出來批評一番。肯迪不只創作出一部偉大的學術著作,也提供了迫切所需的工具。

——Buzzfeed


肯迪承認他寫作並不是為了改變製造及擁護種族歧視觀念的人。他承認,在他自己開始撰寫這部歷史巨作之前,他自己也深深抓著各種種族歧視觀念,他讓讀者跟著他一起走這一趟令人開眼界的旅程……肯迪留下許多自我質問的空間,在過去與現在的種族歧視辯護之間拉上關聯。這個閱讀過程相當發人省思、徹底啟發、不安而必要。

——Vox


一部深刻(且經常讓人不安)的編年記述,探究反黑思想如何深植交織在美國社會中。

——大西洋雜誌


肯迪有力的平等主義論點結合了驚人的閱讀與研究,加上敏銳的洞見,直視操縱種族歧視意識型態來抑制多元性的力量。喜愛美國歷史、政治、社會思想的嚴肅讀者必讀。

——圖書館雜誌



出版社  馬可孛羅 (城邦)

WINNER OF THE 2016 NATIONAL BOOK AWARD FOR NONFICTION
A NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER IN RACE AND CIVIL RIGHTS
FINALIST FOR THE 2016 NATIONAL BOOK CRITICS CIRCLE AWARD FOR NONFICTION
THE MOST AMBITIOUS BOOK OF 2016 —The Washington Post
A BOSTON GLOBE BEST BOOK OF 2016
A WASHINGTON POST NOTABLE BOOK OF 2016
A CHICAGO REVIEW OF BOOKS BEST NONFICTION BOOK OF 2016
A ROOT BEST BOOK OF 2016
A BUZZFEED BEST NONFICTION BOOK OF 2016
A BUSTLE BEST BOOK OF 2016
NOMINATED FOR 2016 NAACP IMAGE AWARD FOR OUTSTANDING LITERARY WORK OF NONFICTION
A KIRKUS BEST HISTORY BOOK OF 2016
A KIRKUS BEST BOOK OF 2016 TO EXPLAIN CURRENT POLITICS
A KIRKUS BEST HEARTRENDING NONFICTION BOOK of 2016
AN ENTROPY BEST NONFICTION BOOK OF 2016
THE WASHINGTON POST 2016 SUMMER READING LIST

Some Americans cling desperately to the myth that we are living in a post-racial society, that the election of the first Black president spelled the doom of racism. In fact, racist thought is alive and well in America--more sophisticated and more insidious than ever. And as award-winning historian Ibram X. Kendi argues in Stamped from the Beginning, if we have any hope of grappling with this stark reality, we must first understand how racist ideas were developed, disseminated, and enshrined in American society.

In this deeply researched and fast-moving narrative, Kendi chronicles the entire story of anti-Black racist ideas and their staggering power over the course of American history. Stamped from the Beginning uses the life stories of five major American intellectuals to offer a window into the contentious debates between assimilationists and segregationists and between racists and antiracists. From Puritan minister Cotton Mather to Thomas Jefferson, from fiery abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison to brilliant scholar W.E.B. Du Bois to legendary anti-prison activist Angela Davis, Kendi shows how and why some of our leading proslavery and pro-civil rights thinkers have challenged or helped cement racist ideas in America.

Contrary to popular conceptions, racist ideas did not arise from ignorance or hatred. Instead, they were devised and honed by some of the most brilliant minds of each era. These intellectuals used their brilliance to justify and rationalize deeply entrenched discriminatory policies and the nation's racial disparities in everything from wealth to health. And while racist ideas are easily produced and easily consumed, they can also be discredited. In shedding much-needed light on the murky history of racist ideas, Stamped from the Beginning offers us the tools we need to expose them--and in the process, gives us reason to hope.
From the National Book Award–winning author of Stamped from the Beginning comes a “groundbreaking” (Time) approach to understanding and uprooting racism and inequality in our society—and in ourselves.

“The only way to undo racism is to consistently identify and describe it—and then dismantle it.”

Antiracism is a transformative concept that reorients and reenergizes the conversation about racism—and, even more fundamentally, points us toward liberating new ways of thinking about ourselves and each other. At it's core, racism is a powerful system that creates false hierarchies of human value; its warped logic extends beyond race, from the way we regard people of different ethnicities or skin colors to the way we treat people of different sexes, gender identities, and body types. Racism intersects with class and culture and geography and even changes the way we see and value ourselves. In How to Be an Antiracist, Kendi takes readers through a widening circle of antiracist ideas—from the most basic concepts to visionary possibilites—that will help readers see all forms of racism clearly, understand their posionous consequences, and work to oppose them in our systems and in ourselves.

Kendi weaves an electrifying combination of ethics, history, law, and science with his own personal story of awakening to antiracism. This is an essential work for anyone who wants to go beyond the awareness of racism to the next step: contributing to the formation of a just and equitable society.

Advance praise for How to Be an Antiracist
 
“A combination of memoir and extension of [Kendi’s] towering Stamped from the Beginning . . . Never wavering . . . Kendi methodically examines racism through numerous lenses: power, biology, ethnicity, body, culture, and so forth. . . . This unsparing honesty helps readers, both white and people of color, navigate this difficult intellectual territory. . . . Essential.”—Kirkus Reviews (starred review)

“In this sharp blend of social commentary and memoir . . . Kendi is ready to spread his message, his stories serving as a springboard for potent explorations of race, gender, colorism, and more. . . . With Stamped From the Beginning, Kendi proved himself a first-rate historian. Here, his willingness to turn the lens on himself marks him as a courageous activist, leading the way to a more equitable society.”—Library Journal (starred review)
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