In 2005, the Board reviewed the data available to it on licit trade in scheduled precursor chemicals and examined the information in correlation with diversion of and trafficking in precursors and the illicit manufacture of drugs. Such an exercise has many limitations, including the fact that, despite growing cooperation from Governments, the data on the licit trade in scheduled precursor chemicals are far from comprehensive. Chapter 2 of the present report includes some information on patterns in licit trade in precursors, as known, and on the latest trends in trafficking in precursors, together with specific recommendations to Governments. Substances covered include those used in the illicit manufacture of amphetamine-type stimulants, of cocaine, heroin and other narcotic drugs The Board proposes, in chapter 4, a series of specific actions designed to facilitate the prevention of diversion of and trafficking in precursor chemicals and of illicit manufacture of drugs in the years to come.
International drug control has often been characterised in a simplistic relationship between supply and demand. Yet the problems of drug control are among the most complex facing the world, and cannot be solved by superficial measures. This report's first chapter deals with alternative development (aka crop substitution). Replacing drug crops with legal cash crops that would provide the crop growers with similar or even higher incomes has not proved effective, as most projects have not provided an economically viable alternative to illicit cultivation, and have not been combined with law enforcement and drug prevention activities. Such measures will only be viable if they are conceived and implemented as long term processes. They can never be a "quick fix". Eliminating the illicit cultivation of plants from which drugs are extracted can only be achieved in the context of sustainable development efforts and within the framework of a comprehensive and permanent solution to the problem of illicit drugs. Alternative development is about providing holistic, legitimate alternatives for people whose only livelihood so far has come from the drug business. But the problem extends beyond thr rural areas. The principles of alternative development, in its broadest sense, should be applied in socially marginalized urban environments, as well as in the remote rural areas where earlier efforts were focused. That will require sustained and comprehensive efforts to tackle social deprivation and to develop legitimate alternative occupations and lifestyles. The rest of the report deals with the operation of the drug control system, an analysis of the world situation, and recommendations to governments, the UN and other relevant organisations.
This publication provides analysis of recent trends and statistics for estimated requirements and actual movements of narcotic drugs. Data is provided for specific groups of drugs and countries. The text is written In English, French and Spanish.
This publication sets out technical data and analysis of recent trends and statistics for estimated requirements and actual movements of narcotic drugs. Data is provided for specific groups of drugs and countries, in accordance with the provisions of the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs. The text is written in English, French and Spanish
This publication provides statistics and assessments of annual medical and scientific requirements for psychotropic substances, levels of consumption of groups of the substances, prohibitions and restrictions on their export and import. This trilingual publication is in English, French and Spanish.
Psychotropic substances are mood-altering drugs, including antidepressants and tranquillisers. This publication details and reviews statistics for the year 2001, including dosages, consumption, requirements and national legislation for specific drugs and countries. The text is written in English, French and Spanish.
This publication examines and provides statistical information on psychotropic substances. Important information on consumption and dosage for specific drugs is studied and national requirements and legislation are looked into. This trilingual publication is in English, French, and Spanish.