Las profundas desigualdades, la falta de atención a las necesidades básicas de la población y el inadecuado uso de los recursos públicos generados por el crecimiento económico son algunas de las grandes fallas. India no ha sabido revertir sus éxitos en una mejora de las infraestructuras y los servicios públicos: la escolarización y la atención sanitaria siguen siendo muy deficientes, así como el suministro de agua potable y electricidad, el sistema de desagüe y la recogida de basuras.
Jean Dréze y Amartya Sen, premio Nobel de Economía de origen hindú, arrojan una mirada solidaria, crítica y despojada de clichés.Una gloria incierta contribuye poderosamente al debate sobre un tema de ferviente actualidad hoy en España y en Europa como es el papel del Estado ante las privaciones sociales. Un enfoque socioeconómico diferente y polémico que plantea soluciones trasladables a otros países.
Maintaining rapid as well as environmentally sustainable growth remains an important and achievable goal for India. In An Uncertain Glory, two of India's leading economists argue that the country's main problems lie in the lack of attention paid to the essential needs of the people, especially of the poor, and often of women. There have been major failures both to foster participatory growth and to make good use of the public resources generated by economic growth to enhance people's living conditions. There is also a continued inadequacy of social services such as schooling and medical care as well as of physical services such as safe water, electricity, drainage, transportation, and sanitation. In the long run, even the feasibility of high economic growth is threatened by the underdevelopment of social and physical infrastructure and the neglect of human capabilities, in contrast with the Asian approach of simultaneous pursuit of economic growth and human development, as pioneered by Japan, South Korea, and China.
In a democratic system, which India has great reason to value, addressing these failures requires not only significant policy rethinking by the government, but also a clearer public understanding of the abysmal extent of social and economic deprivations in the country. The deep inequalities in Indian society tend to constrict public discussion, confining it largely to the lives and concerns of the relatively affluent. Drèze and Sen present a powerful analysis of these deprivations and inequalities as well as the possibility of change through democratic practice.
Chomsky’s early insights into the workings of power in the modern world remain timely and compelling. Published for the first time, this series of lectures also provides the reader with an invaluable introduction to the essential ideas of one of the leading thinkers of our time.