Research Paper (postgraduate) from the year 2010 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: A, Jahangirnagar University (Department of English), language: English, abstract: Abstract The second/foreign language learner usually confronts diverse linguistic problems evidently handicapping and hampering his/her learning and eventually negatively affecting his/her general proficiency in the target language. Both as a learner and a teacher-researcher of English as a foreign language (EFL), I have had first-hand experience and the opportunity to observe that the Bengali speaking learner confronts difficulty in learning English pronunciation, vocabulary items, word formation, sentence construction, and conveying meanings through and/or receiving meanings of words, phrases, clauses, sentences/utterances, discourse, and the like. And such problems obviously seriously retard his/her learning of EFL. Hence, the present writer feels justified in identifying the major linguistic problems the Bengali speaking EFL learner encounters as well as in discovering the causes of the problems. Finally, the writer has made a number of recommendations with a view to addressing and lessening the problems, on the one hand, and ensuring the smooth and optimal learning of EFL on the other. Keywords Bengali speaking EFL learners, linguistic problems, causes & solutions
Research Paper (postgraduate) from the year 2014 in the subject Speech Science / Linguistics, grade: A, Jahangirnagar University (Jahangirnagar University, Dhaka, Bangladesh), language: English, abstract: An external test or public examination, particularly in a second/foreign language such as IELTS, TOEFL, HSC examination in English, etc might have considerable impact on the stakeholders including teachers, learners, parents, administrators, the institution, the educational system and society as a whole. The effect a test has on the different components of the educational process of a second/foreign language is termed ‘washback, either beneficial or harmful at both the micro and macro level. The current paper, firstly, purports to be an appraisal of the concept of ‘washback’, secondly, examines its nature and functions as revealed by different proponents and researchers, and, finally, ascertains its role in second/foreign language education.
Essay from the year 2010 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Comparative Literature, grade: A, Jahangirnagar University (Department of English), language: English, abstract: Abstract This paper is intended to examine R. K. Narayan’s attitude towards the English language as reflected in his essays. Narayan (1906-2001) was born and grown up in a period when English education was already institutionalised in the Indian Sub-continent. Like other Indian writers in English, such as Raja Rao and Mulk Raj Anand, he received English education and used to write in English from the beginning of his literary career up to the end. However, he is seen to have used the English language and literary form to scrutinise colonialism and depict the Indian society continually under change due to the colonial rule. A part of this endeavour seems to be evident in Narayan’s attitude towards the English language. Narayan’s position in this regard is deemed quite ambivalent and complex —he is aware that English is the language of the colonist, yet he is found to have accepted it for practical reasons. That is, his attitude towards the English language appears to have resulted from and shaped by the reality prevailing in the postcolonial setting.
Research Paper (postgraduate) from the year 2008 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: none, Jahangirnagar University (Department of English), course: English Pronunciation, 32 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Pronunciation is an integrated and integral part of second/foreign language learning since it directly affects learners’ communicative competence as well as performance. Notwithstanding, teaching EFL pronunciation is still peripheral and/or neglected in the syllabus, material and classroom, especially in Bangladesh. Therefore, based on my experience both as a student and a teacher-researcher as well as on a number of existing studies, this paper examines and addresses four major issues concerning teaching EFL pronunciation to learners at different levels. Firstly, I have explored and uncovered the reasons for overlooking teaching pronunciation. Secondly, I have endeavoured to justify the teaching of pronunciation together with the other skills of the target language. Thirdly, I have tried to ascertain a level and the aspects of EFL pronunciation that should be taught. Finally, I have discussed some pronunciation teaching approaches and advocated a variety of techniques/activities for teaching EFL pronunciation in the classroom.
Research Paper (postgraduate) from the year 2008 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: none, Jahangirnagar University (Department of English), course: Folklore and sociolinguistics, 19 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: This paper tries to examine and determine the relevance of the study of the language of folklore to sociolinguistics since folklore being constituted by all the facets of the traditions, customs and culture of the speech community is embodied and composed in, and manifested and transmitted by means of language, particularly speech, and sociolinguistics discovers and ascertains the relations of language to society. To explore the issue in question, the researcher first explicates the role of language in folklore and then highlights the aspects of language studied in sociolinguistics. Finally, the relevance of the study of the language of folklore to sociolinguistics has been established and exhibited.
Research Paper (undergraduate) from the year 2014 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: A, Jahangirnagar University (Department of English), course: Applied Linguistics and ELT, language: English, abstract: Learner-centred instruction in a second/foreign language fosters learner autonomy, enhances metacognitive skills, and develops learners’ communicative competence, and is in consonance with the communicative language teaching approach to teaching English as a foreign language in Bangladesh. However, the current scenario of English education in the Bangladesh setting shaped by the age-old practice of the grammar-translation method and teacher-domination hardly exhibits learner-centredness. This paper then firstly tries to explicate learner autonomy, metacognition, and learner-centred second/foreign language classrooms, and secondly explores the Bangladesh context.
Research Paper (postgraduate) from the year 2008 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: none, Jahangirnagar University (Department of English), course: Teaching EFL , 7 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Audio aids function as learning facilitators and teaching machines, and motivate the learner and arrest his/her attention during the instructional process. Though such aids are greatly helpful in L2 teaching and continually expanding their scope with the availability and development of technology, their use in the EFL class especially at the tertiary level in Bangladesh is still limited. This study was then designed to address varied issues related to the use of audio aids in the EFL class at the tertiary level in Bangladesh. It concludes that the use of audio aids in the EFL class is a plus, but the lack of teacher training, audio equipment and material and administrative support seriously restricts it. Hence, the researchers recommend proper teacher training, adequate audio equipment and material, necessary administrative support, and a well equipped language lab to ensure the optimal use of audio aids, and thus guarantee the learner’s maximum benefit.
Research Paper (postgraduate) from the year 2008 in the subject English - Pedagogy, Didactics, Literature Studies, grade: A, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka (Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka - Department of English), course: Seminar, 21 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: To learn a second/foreign language, the learner takes a linguistic journey from his/her mother tongue to the target language and naturally constructs a personal linguistic system in the interim time. This individual system termed ‘interlanguage’ is a single and unique one which is yet to conform to the target language norms and evidently incorporates linguistic deficiencies or errors exhibiting the learner’s current linguistic level and implying what he/she need acquire to reach a standard of the target language. Hence, the present research has been designed to investigate and examine the relevance of the study of the interlanguage of 21 tertiary level students learning English as a foreign language (EFL). To carry out the study, an experimental group consisting of the 21 students and a control group having another 21 students of the same level have been used. Based on the findings, the researcher makes some linguistic and pedagogic recommendations.
Wissenschaftlicher Aufsatz aus dem Jahr 2010 im Fachbereich Englisch - Pädagogik, Didaktik, Sprachwissenschaft, , Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: This study resulted from concerns about teaching composition writing in English as a foreign language (EFL) at the tertiary level at the universities in Bangladesh since the learners at the level appear to have disappointingly low proficiency in composition writing. It was conducted among 135 undergraduate students, and revealed two major problems in the subjects’ EFL composition writing: linguistic errors and structural anomalies. To solve these problems, the researchers suggest utilizing a balanced curricular and instructional approach, that is, an amalgamation of the product and the process approach to teaching composition writing. Based on the blend of the two approaches to teaching composition writing, this paper advocates some guidelines which can be employed to help improve instruction in and enhance effective learning of EFL composition writing. Key words: EFL composition writing, tertiary level, low proficiency of learners, concerns about teaching, the process approach, the product approach, a balanced curricular and instructional approach