Julian Schwinger (1918-1994) was one of the giants of 20th Century science. He contributed to a broad range of topics in theoretical physics, ranging from classical electrodynamics to quantum mechanics, from nuclear physics through quantum electrodynamics to the general theory of quantum fields. Although his mathematical prowess was legendary, he was fundamentally a phenomenologist. He received many awards, including the first Einstein Prize in 1951, and the Nobel Prize in 1965, which he shared with Richard Feynman and Sin-itiro Tomonaga for the self-consistent formulation of quantum electrodynamics into a practical theory. His more than 70 doctoral students have played a decisive role in the development of science in the second half of this century.This important volume includes many of Schwinger's most important papers, on the above and other topics, such as the theory of angular momentum and the theory of many-body systems. The papers collected here continue to underlie much of the work done by theoretical physicists today.
In its simplest manifestation, the Casimir effect is a quantum force of attraction between two parallel uncharged conducting plates. More generally, it refers to the interaction — which may be either attractive or repulsive — between material bodies due to quantum fluctuations in whatever fields are relevant. It is a local version of the van der Waals force between molecules. Its sweep ranges from perhaps its being the origin of the cosmological constant to its being responsible for the confinement of quarks.This monograph develops the theory of such forces, based primarily on physically transparent Green's function techniques, and makes applications from quarks to the cosmos, as well as observable consequences in condensed matter systems. It is aimed at graduate students and researchers in theoretical physics, quantum field theory, and applied mathematics.
QFEXT is the leading international conference held every two years, highlighting progress in quantum vacuum energy phenomena, the Casimir effect, and related topics, both experimentally and theoretically.This proceedings volume, featuring contributions from many of the key players in the field, serves as a definitive source of information on this subject, which is playing an increasingly important role in nanotechnology and in understanding fundamental issues in physics such as renormalization and in the search for new physics including fifth forces and dark energy.
Contents:Critical Current Density of High-Temperature Superconductors (P Chu)Electroweak Symmetry-Breaking Effects at Colliders (V Barger)Precision Tests of the Electroweak Theory (R D Peccei)Hadron Colliders: B Factories for Now and the Future (N S Lockyer)The MSW Effect as the Solution to the Solar Neutrino Problem (S P Rosen)New Physics Effects from String Models (R Arnowitt & P Nath)Solar Neutrino Puzzle and Physics Beyond the Standard Model (R N Mohapatra)The SFT: A Super Fixed Target Beauty Facility at the SSC (B Cox)Non-Standard Stellar Evolution (V Trimble)Analogous Behaviour in the Quantum Hall Effect, Anyon Superconductivity, and the Standard Model (R B Laughlin & S B Libby)Gauge Boson Dynamics (C Quigg)Interpreting Precision Measurements (G L Kane)Rare K Decays: Present Status and Future Prospects (S G Wojcicki)Quantum Mechanics at the Black Hole Horizon (G't Hooft)Target-Space Duality and the Curse of the Wormhole (J H Schwarz)Mass Enhancement and Critical Behavior in Technicolor Theories (T Appelquist)Proton-Proton and Proton-Antiproton Elastic Scattering at High Energies — Theory, Phenomenology, and Experiment (T T Wu)
Readership: Graduate students and high energy physicists.