Polyphenols play key roles in the growth, regulation and structure of plants and vary widely within different plants. Stress, growth conditions and plant species modify polyphenol structure and content. This book describes techniques to identify, isolate and characterize polyphenols, taking mammalian toxicology into account as well.Defines conditions of growth affecting the polyphenol levelsDescribes assay and instrumentation techniques critical to identifying and defining polyphenols, critical to researchers and business developmentDocuments how some polyphenols are dangerous to consume, important to dietary supplement industry, government regulators and lay public users
Approaches include the application of traditional herbs and foods aiming to define both the risks and benefits of such practices. Readers will learn how to treat or ameliorate the effects of chronic retroviral disease using readily available, cheap foods, dietary supplements, and lifestyle changes with specific attention to the needs of patients receiving antiretroviral drugs.
This work provides the most current, concise, scientific appraisal of the efficacy (or lack thereof) of key foods, nutrients, dietary plants, and behavioral shifts in preventing and improving the quality of life of HIV infected infants and adults, while also giving the needed attention to these complex and important side effects.Covers the role of nutrients in the prevention and treatment of HIV-induced physiological changes in children undergoing HAART, including covers of omega-3 fatty acids, dietary fat intake, metabolic changes, and vitamin DExplores food and the treatment of obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease in HIV infected patients, including fundamental coverage and recommendations for careProvides coverage of fitness and exercise regimens, physical activity, and behavioral and lifestyle changes on HIV infected individualsGives careful attention to the specific nutritional needs of patients undergoing HAART therapy
Approaches such as the application of traditional herbs and foods are given careful definition by experts who define the risks and benefits of such practices within this important context.
Readers learn how to treat or ameliorate the effects of chronic retroviral disease using readily available, cheap foods, and dietary supplements. Ultimately, this work delivers a current, concise, scientific appraisal of the efficacy of key foods, nutrients, dietary plants, and behavioral changes in preventing and improving the quality of life of HIV infected infants and adults who are not undergoing antiretroviral therapy.Covers the role of nutrients in the prevention and treatment of HIV-induced physiological changesDelivers important coverage on the relationship between HIV infection and infant feeding practice, along with public health policy recommendations in social and cultural contextProvides coverage of fitness and exercise regimens, physical activity, and behavioral and lifestyle changes on HIV infected individualsExplores food and treatment of obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease in HIV infected patients, including those without antiretroviral therapeutic treatmen
This new edition of Nutrition and AIDS is a timely look at what dietary materials, supplements, and foods may benefit or treat AIDS, as well as nutritional deficiencies that can accelerate progression to AIDS and death. It offers a variety of alternative dietary and herbal remedies, including some that have been tested in animals and humans to stimulate immune defense or compensate for changes induced by HIV infection. In addition, it surveys items that may accelerate nutritional depletion in AIDS patients, such as cocaine, alcohol, and tobacco use. It includes data from animal studies modeling AIDS and nutrition, studies not yet done in humans but applicable to them.
Including updated reviews on topics from the author's earlier publications on the subject, with a focus on how to use this nutritional information to treat or retard development of AIDS, Nutrition and AIDS brings to the forefront the most recent advances in understanding the nutritional deficiencies of AIDS and HIV-positive patients.
Vegetables, Fruits, and Herbs in Health Promotion discusses the most effective ways of conducting research geared toward deriving maximum nutritional benefit from vegetables, fruits, and herbs. The book addresses such questions as:
o How much vegetables and herbs should be consumed?
o Can extracts or components be useful replacements for vegetable consumption?
o Does red wine reduce the risk of heart disease, and if so, what are the active agents and mechanisms?
Increased consumption of vegetables and herbs promotes health, increases longevity, and reduces the risk of cancer and heart disease. Vegetables, Fruits, and Herbs in Health Promotion is an invaluable reference for providing you with the knowledge necessary for fostering positive changes in dietary habits.
Alcohol and Coffee Use in the Aging provides a detailed discussion of how alcohol affects the elderly, particularly in regard to the major health problems it causes. The book also examines the many physiological and cognitive changes that alcohol brings about. This book also addresses the role and effects of caffeine as a major factor contributing to insomnia in the elderly, as well as its association with hypertension and cancer.
Nutrient requirements for optimum health and function of aging physiological systems are often quite distinct from those required for young people. The special nutrition problems of the aged are intensively researched and tested, especially as the elderly become a larger percentage of the population. Many chronic diseases and cancers are found with higher frequency in the aged, and it is also widely known that many elderly people use foods and nutrients well above the recommended daily allowance, which can be detrimental to optimal health.Explains the evidence supporting nutritional interventions relevant to age-related diseasesReviews the macro- and micro-nutrient requirements of aging adults and their variablesDescribes how alcohol, drugs, and caffeine can impact deficiencies, also exploring functional food and dietary supplements that can be used for prevention and treatment
This book brings together a broad range of experts working on the different aspects of foods and dietary supplements (vitamins, herbs, plant extracts, etc.) in health promotion and disease prevention. They have contributed chapters which define a range of ways in which foods, nutriceuticals, and dietary supplements prevent disease and promote health in older adults. They begin by reviewing the medicinal role of foods, herbal, and dietary supplements in health promotion in older adults, as well as some of the most commonly used supplements in elder "self-medication." They review the most recent studies of how foods, herbal, and dietary supplements are effective in the prevention and treatment of cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and other obesity associated diseases in older adults. Then they consider alcohol, other drugs, and plant based drugs of abuse which can adversely affect the health of older adults. Lastly, they consider foods and dietary supplements in gene regulation in older adults.Investigates the important nutritional requirements of the aging population in health and in relation to various acute and chronic diseasesExplores the nutritional effects of botanical extracts and components that can have important health promotion benefits, and risks, to ensure safe consumptionReviews studies of common diseases within the aging population including cancer, cardiovascular, metabolic, and infectious diseases that can alter the intake of foods, supplements, and/or requirements for various nutrientsInvestigates the mechanisms of action of components of foods and dietary supplements, in particular gene activation and epigenetics