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Seminar paper from the year 2017 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: 1,3, University of applied sciences, Cologne, course: Soft skills & Leadership Qualities, language: English, abstract: This paper examines new leadership models for the VUCA world. Nowadays, companies have to deal with unknown competition from everywhere around the world. This has changed business worlds into worlds of volatility, uncertainty, complexity and ambiguity (VUCA). The study begins by investigating the aforementioned VUCA attributes within micro- and macro-economic business environments. Following, five models for leadership in the VUCA world are described. Afterwards, it focuses on finding similarities between the previously described models. As a result, five important areas are defined that leaders have to focus on in order to stay competitive in the VUCA world. These areas are: Communication, analysis, flexibility, team orientation and vision. Over the last three decades, globalization and progressive digitization drastically improved living and working conditions of many human beings around the world. People have gained permanent access to knowledge over the internet, customers can order products worldwide and former language barriers were dissolved by the introduction of software for instant language translations. For many businesses, these achievements came with several side effects. For decades, organizations were able to create reliable mid- and long-term strategic corporate plans, as companies were aware of their (local) competition and upcoming product innovations. In order to remain successful in the new VUCA world, leaders have to adapt their leadership skills and behaviors to the new conditions.
Seminar paper from the year 2016 in the subject Economics - Finance, grade: 1,7, University of applied sciences, Cologne, course: Economics, language: English, abstract: On the 1st of January 1999, 11 European countries adopted the Euro as their official currency. A new Economic and Monetary Union with more than 300 million citizens was born. Sharing a common currency offers several advantages for countries, firms and citizens like enhanced cross-border trade, a better price transparency or the disappearance of foreign exchange rate risks. However, a Monetary Union also comes with constraints like the loss of exchange rate regime of its members which is an important instrument to fight adverse shocks. In order to minimize economic risks for its members and to foster the economic stability of the future European EMU, the European Union member states agreed to meet the Euro Convergence Criteria as a requirement to adopt the Euro. During the negotiations about the necessary criterion, the theory of Optimal Currency Areas – a theory which has its origin in the Bretton Woods era – was deliberately reincarnated by economists to verify whether or not the Eurozone can become a successful EMU. Until today the (traditional) OCA theory is often used by the literature and also by politicians to evince fundamental flaws of the Eurozone. This assignment investigates the Eurozone in the light of the theory of Optimal Currency Areas. In the first part of this assignment the main contributors to the theory of Optimal Currency Areas are enumerated and its most significant factors are explained. The second part applies the listed factors to the Eurozone in order to determine whether or not a specific criterion is fulfilled by the European EMU. A summary and conclusion complete this essay.
Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2017 im Fachbereich BWL - Rechnungswesen, Bilanzierung, Steuern, Note: 1,3, FOM Hochschule für Oekonomie & Management gemeinnützige GmbH, Köln, Veranstaltung: International Investment & Controlling, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Waren deutsche Unternehmen früher mit Ausnahme von EU-Verordnungen grundsätzlich ausschließlich an die nationalen Rechnungslegungsvorschriften gebunden, so hat die anhaltende Globalisierung dazu geführt, dass internationale Rechnungslegungsvorschriften in den letzten Jahren immer mehr an Gewicht gewonnen haben. Von Bedeutung sind in diesem Zusammenhang insbesondere die International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS), die vom International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) entwickelt werden. Das Ziel der Rechnungslegung nach IFRS liegt in einer vereinheitlichenden Darstellung von Jahresabschlüssen, wodurch diese von Stakeholdern unternehmensübergreifend leichter miteinander vergleichbar sein sollen. Zudem sollen Unternehmen zu einer qualitativ hochwertigeren und zugleich transparenteren Finanzberichterstattung bewegt werden. Hierbei spielt das Konzept der "true and fair presentation" (IAS 1) bzw. "faithful presentation“ (Framework) eine gewichtige Rolle. Um diesem Konzept gerecht zu werden, definiert das IFRS-Gesamtwerk u.a. den Wert-begriff des „Fair Value“ (dt. „beizulegender Zeitwert“). Die Ziele dieser Arbeit bestehen darin, dem geneigten Leser einen Einblick in die Struktur des Fair Value-Wertbegriffs innerhalb der IFRS zu vermitteln, ausgesuchte Problemkreise zu beleuchten und die gefundenen Erkenntnisse auf die Jahresabschlüsse ausgesuchter kapitalmarktorientierter Konzerne anzuwenden. Hierzu wird die Arbeit zunächst den Wertbegriff "Fair Value" innerhalb des IFRS-Gesamtwerks und im speziellen innerhalb des IFRS 13 beleuchten und seine einzelnen Merkmale herausarbeiten. Anschließend wird im Rahmen von Einzelbetrachtungen auf besonders interessante Bereiche der Fair Value-Bewertung eingegangen. Ebenso wird die Kaufpreisallokation (insbesondere immaterielle Vermögenswerte inkl. Good Will) behandelt. Anschließend widmet sich die Arbeit der Folgebilanzierung derivativer Good Wills und dem Grundsatz des „Highest-and-best-Use“. Abschließend erfolgen ein Praxistransfer der erarbeiteten Erkenntnisse, eine Fazit und eine kritische Stellungnahme.
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