The Manual of Tests and Criteria contains criteria, test methods and procedures to be used for classification of dangerous goods according to the provisions of Parts 2 and 3 of the United Nations Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, Model Regulations, as well as of chemicals presenting physical hazards according to the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS). As a consequence, it supplements also national or international regulations which are derived from the United Nations Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods or the GHS.
In 1993, the UN Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) was mandated to carry out an extended programme of environmental performance reviews (EPRs) of European transition economies, designed to improve environmental management and reduce pollution in individual countries and to promote the co-operation and convergence of environmental policies throughout Europe. This publication considers the achievements of transition economies over the past decade in terms of environmental policy and management, and seeks to identify lessons and make recommendations for the future scope and direction of the EPR programme, at the national and regional levels.
The UNECE Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes of 1992 places a significant emphasis on institutional cooperation between countries. It requires countries to enter into agreements and to establish joint bodies, such as river basin commissions and other institutions for transboundary water cooperation. This publication analyses structures and activities of joint bodies for transboundary water cooperation and presents recommendations for developing cooperation and establishing and improving joint bodies in the countries of Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia. It focuses particularly on aspects where existing joint bodies in Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia could improve their activities by strengthening institutional mechanisms. It describes major challenges and perspectives for cooperation in specific river basins.
The report takes stock of the progress made by Kyrgyzstan in the management of its environment since the country was first reviewed in 2000. It assesses the implementation of the recommendations in the first review. It also covers nine issues of importance to Kyrgyzstan concerning policymaking, planning and implementation, the financing of environmental policies and projects, and the integration of environmental concerns into economic sectors, in particular water management, land management and biodiversity conservation and sustainable management of forests. The report places particular emphasis on the promotion of sustainable development, as the country gives a high priority to this issue
The Forest Products Annual Market Review 2015-2016 provides a comprehensive analysis of markets in the UNECE region and reports on the main market influences outside the UNECE region. It covers the range of products from the forest to the end-user: from roundwood and primary processed products to value-added and housing. Statistics-based chapters analyse the markets for wood raw materials, sawn softwood, sawn hardwood, wood-based panels, paper, paperboard and woodpulp. Other chapters analyse policies, pallets and wood packaging, and markets for wood energy. Underlying the analysis is a comprehensive collection of data. The Review highlights the role of sustainable forest products in international markets. Policies concerning forests and forest products are discussed, as well as the main drivers and trends. The Review also analyses the effects of the current economic situation on forest products markets.
The European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road is intended to increase the safety of international transport of dangerous goods by road. Regularly amended and updated since its entry into force, it contains the conditions under which dangerous goods may be carried internationally. This version has been prepared on the basis of amendments applicable as from 1 January 2017. It contains in particular new or revised provisions concerning for vehicles and machineries; battery powered vehicles and equipment; marking and labeling for lithium batteries in Class 9; instructions in writing; construction and equipment of vehicles; use of LPG, CNG and LNG as fuel for vehicles carrying dangerous goods.
This is the second EPR of Serbia published by the UNECE. The report takes stock of the progress made by Serbia in the management of its environment since the country was first reviewed in 2002, when the country was part of Yugoslavia. While looking closely at the implementation of the recommendations of the first review, the report also covers seven issues of importance to Serbia concerning policymaking, planning and implementation, the financing of environmental policies and projects, and the integration of environmental concerns into economic sectors, and the promotion of sustainable development. Issues receiving special attention during the review included compliance and enforcement mechanisms, economic instruments and environmental funds, and the integration of environmental concerns in energy and in water management.
"'Ecosystem services' means the benefits people obtain from ecosystems, including: provisioning services such as food, water, timber and fiber; regulating services that affect climate, floods, disease, wastes and water quality; cultural services that provide recreational, aesthetic and spiritual benefits; and supporting services such as soil formation, photosynthesis and nutrient cycling. Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES -- contractual transactions for a service or a land use/management practice likely to secure that service) have the potential to be an environmentally effective, economically efficient and socially equitable tool for implementing integrated water resources management. These recommendations consist of a set of strategic, rather than technical, recommendations for the various steps involved in the establishment and operation of various schemes, and a set of other annexes, which are of a technical nature"--Publisher's description.
Data editing is an integral and expensive part of the survey process; its impact is fat reaching. This volume examines how editing affects data quality. The aim of the publication is to assist National Statistical Offices in assessing the impact of the data editing process on data quality, that is, in assessing how well the process is working. The book addresses issues of accuracy, relevance, coherence and interpretability.