Through step-by-step anatomical photographs, it clearly depicts the Ivor-Lewis operative and Ivor-Lewis-Mckeown operative techniques. Using a consistent format, it addresses the clinical anatomy, pre-operative considerations, operative steps, post-operative care, and pearls and pitfalls to make it easy-to-read.The authors emphasize the similarities of the principles and steps between open and laparoscopic surgery, which significantly simplifies the transition from one practice to the other. This Atlas also includes a description of anesthesia techniques, a guide to the use of staplers in laparoscopic surgery, and a comparison of the energy sources available for laparoscopic surgery, while also outlining future developments, e.g. the increasing prevalence of robotic surgery for these procedures.
The Atlas offers an essential guide for practitioners and trainees, laparoscopic and thoracoscopic surgeons, and experienced esophageal surgeons who are preparing to change to minimal invasive techniques for the management of esophageal carcinoma. It will also benefit all surgeons who are seeking clear photos detailing how to perform these esophageal carcinoma operations.
This book presents a summary of the educational practices used in, and the research done on the BMGETD over these decades. This includes several patterns for gifted education, such as acceleration in special classes, special classes without acceleration, enrichment within regular classes, and a joint program among high schools, universities, and professional academic institutions.
Decision makers in city administrations and civil society organizations from different geographical regions will find the book an informative and inspiring guide for delivering towards the goals of the New Urban Agenda, for which health can be the vital indicator of progress. Graduate students and researchers will be attracted by the case studies, systems methods and models provided in the book.
Topics covered in the first part include control theory on infinite dimensional Banach spaces, history-dependent inclusion and linear programming complexity theory. Chapters also explore the use of approximations of Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman inequality for solving periodic optimization problems and look at multi-objective semi-infinite optimization problems and production planning problems.
In the second part, the authors address techniques and applications of optimization and control in a variety of disciplines, such as chaos synchronization, facial expression recognition and dynamic input-output economic models. Other applications considered here include image retrieval, natural earth satellites orbital transfers, snap-back repellers and modern logistic systems.
Readers will learn of advances in optimization, control and operations research, as well as potential new avenues of research and development. The book will appeal to scientific researchers, mathematicians and all specialists interested in the latest advances in optimization and control.
The transmission system of an automotive vehicle is the key to the dynamic performance, drivability and comfort, and fuel economy. Modern advanced transmission systems are the combination of mechanical, electrical and electronic subsystems. The development of transmission products requires the synergy of multi-disciplinary expertise in mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, and electronic and software engineering.
Automotive Power Transmission Systems comprehensively covers various types of power transmission systems of ground vehicles, including conventional automobiles driven by internal combustion engines, and electric and hybrid vehicles. The book covers the technical aspects of design, analysis and control for manual transmissions, automatic transmission, CVTs, dual clutch transmissions, electric drives, and hybrid power systems. It not only presents the technical details of key transmission components, but also covers the system integration for dynamic analysis and control.
Key features:Covers conventional automobiles as well as electric and hybrid vehicles.Covers aspects of design, analysis and control.Includes the most recent developments in the field of automotive power transmission systems.
The book is essential reading for researchers and practitioners in automotive, mechanical and electrical engineering.