Under which King, Bezonian? speak, or die!

_Henry IV. Part II._











In printing this New Edition of the Waverley Novels, the

Publishers have availed themselves of the opportunity thus

afforded them of carefully collating it with the valuable interleaved

copy in their possession, containing the Author's latest

manuscript corrections and notes; and from this source they

have obtained several annotations of considerable interest, never

before published. As examples of some of the more important

of these may be mentioned the notes on ``High Jinks'' in Guy

Mannering, ``Pr<ae>torium'' in the Antiquary, and the ``Expulsion

of the Scotch Bishops'' in the Heart of Midlothian.

There have also been inserted (within brackets) some minor

notes explanatory of references now rendered perhaps somewhat

obscure by the lapse of time. For these, the Publishers have

been chiefly indebted to Mr. David Laing, Secretary of the

Bannatyne Club, and one of the few surviving friends of the


Fortunately there is now little more required in the way of

annotation to the Waverley Novels; but in order to afford every

facility of reference, a special glossary has been added to such

of the novels as require it, and each volume will contain a

separate index. A General Index will also be appended to the

concluding volume of the series.

EDINBURGH, _December_ 1869,


It has been the occasional occupation of the Author of Waverley for

several years past to revise and correct the voluminous series of

Novels which pass under that name, in order that, if they should

ever appear as his avowed productions, he might render them in

some degree deserving of a continuance of the public favour with

which they have been honoured ever since their first appearance. For

a long period, however, it seemed likely that the improved and illustrated

edition which he meditated would be a posthumous publication.

But the course of the events which occasioned the disclosure of the

Author's name having in a great measure restored to him a sort of

parental control over these Works, he is naturally induced to give

them to the press in a corrected, and, he hopes, an improved form,

while life and health permit the task of revising and illustrating

them. Such being his purpose, it is necessary to say a few words

on the plan of the proposed Edition.

In stating it to be revised and corrected, it is not to be inferred

that any attempt is made to alter the tenor of the stories, the character

of the actors, or the spirit of the dialogue. There is no doubt

ample room for emendation in all these points---but where the tree

falls it must lie. Any attempt to obviate criticism, however just,

by altering a work already in the hands of the public, is generally

unsuccessful. In the most improbable fiction the reader still desires

some air of vraisemblance, and does not relish that the incidents of

a tale familiar to him should be altered to suit the taste of critics,

or the caprice of the author himself. This process of feeling is so

natural that it may be observed even in children, who cannot endure

that a nursery story should be repeated to them differently from the

manner in which it was first told.

But without altering in the slightest degree either the story or the

mode of telling it, the Author has taken this opportunity to correct

errors of the press and slips of the pen. That such should exist

cannot be wondered at, when it is considered that the Publishers

found it their interest to hurry through the press a succession of the

early editions of the various Novels, and that the Author had not

the usual opportunity of revision. It is hoped that the present

edition will be found free from errors of that accidental kind.

The Author has also ventured to make some emendations of a

different character, which, without being such apparent deviations

from the original stories as to disturb the reader's old associations,

will, he thinks, add something to the spirit of the dialogue, narrative,

or description. These consist in occasional pruning where the language

is redundant, compression where the style is loose, infusion of

vigour where it is languid, the exchange of less forcible for more

appropriate epithets---slight alterations, in short, like the last touches

of an artist, which contribute to heighten and finish the picture,

though an inexperienced eye can hardly detect in what they consist.



For why? Because the good old rule

Sufficeth them; the simple plan,

That they should take who have the power,

And they should keep who can.

_Rob Roy's Grave_---Wordsworth


When the Editor of the following volumes published, about two

years since, the work called the ``Antiquary,'' he announced that he

was, for the last time, intruding upon the public in his present

capacity. He might shelter himself under the plea that every

anonymous writer is, like the celebrated Junius, only a phantom,

and that therefore, although an apparition, of a more benign, as well

as much meaner description, he cannot be bound to plead to a charge

of inconsistency. A better apology may be found in the imitating

the confession of honest Benedict, that, when he said he would die a

bachelor, he did not think he should live to be married. The best of

all would be, if, as has eminently happened in the case of some distinguished

contemporaries, the merit of the work should, in the

reader's estimation, form an excuse for the Author's breach of promise.

Without presuming to hope that this may prove the case, it is only

further necessary to mention, that his resolution, like that of Benedict,

fell a sacrifice, to temptation at least, if not to stratagem.

It is now about six months since the Author, through the medium

of his respectable Publishers, received a parcel of Papers, containing

the Outlines of this narrative, with a permission, or rather with a

request, couched in highly flattering terms, that they might be given

to the Public, with such alterations as should be found suitable.<*>

* As it maybe necessary, in the present Edition(1829), to speak upon the square,

* the Author thinks it proper to own, that the communication alluded to is


* imaginary.

These were of course so numerous, that, besides the suppression of

names, and of incidents approaching too much to reality, the work

may in a great measure be, said to be new written. Several anachronisms

have probably crept in during the course of these changes;

and the mottoes for the Chapters have been selected without any

reference to the supposed date of the incidents. For these, of course,

the Editor is responsible. Some others occurred in the original

materials, but they are of little consequence. In point of minute

accuracy, it may be stated, that the bridge over the Forth, or rather

the Avondhu (or Black River), near the hamlet of Aberfoil, had not

an existence thirty years ago. It does not, however, become the

Editor to be the first to point out these errors; and he takes this

public opportunity to thank the unknown and nameless correspondent,

to whom the reader will owe the principal share of any amusement

which he may derive from the following pages.

1st December 1817.


When the author projected this further encroachment on the patience

of an indulgent public, he was at some loss for a title; a good name

being very nearly of as much consequence in literature as in life.

The title of _Rob Roy_ was suggested by the late Mr. Constable, whose

sagacity and experience foresaw the germ of popularity which it


No introduction can be more appropriate to the work than some

account of the singular character whose name is given to the title-page,

and who, through good report and bad report, has maintained

a wonderful degree of importance in popular recollection. This

cannot be ascribed to the distinction of his birth, which, though that

of a gentleman, had in it nothing of high destination, and gave him

little right to command in his clan. Neither, though he lived a

busy, restless, and enterprising life, were his feats equal to those of

other freebooters, who have been less distinguished. He owed his

fame in a great measure to his residing on the very verge of the

Highlands, and playing such pranks in the beginning of the 18th

century, as are usually ascribed to Robin Hood in the middle ages,---

and that within forty miles of Glasgow, a great commercial city, the

seat of a learned university. Thus a character like his, blending the

wild virtues, the subtle policy, and unrestrained license of an

American Indian, was flourishing in Scotland during the Augustan

age of Queen Anne and George I. Addison, it is probable, or Pope,

would have been considerably surprised if they had known that there,

existed in the same island with them a personage of Rob Roy's

peculiar habits and profession. It is this strong contrast betwixt

the civilised and cultivated mode of life on the one side of the Highland

line, and the wild and lawless adventures which were habitually

undertaken and achieved by one who dwelt on the opposite side of that

ideal boundary, which creates the interest attached to his name.

Hence it is that even yet,

Far and near, through vale and hill,

Are faces that attest the same,

And kindle like a fire new stirr'd,

At sound of Rob Roy's name.

There were several advantages which Rob Roy enjoyed for sustaining

to advantage the character which he assumed.

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