## Similar

For centuries, scientific thought was focused on bringing order to the natural world. But even as relativity and quantum mechanics undermined that rigid certainty in the first half of the twentieth century, the scientific community clung to the idea that any system, no matter how complex, could be reduced to a simple pattern. In the 1960s, a small group of radical thinkers began to take that notion apart, placing new importance on the tiny experimental irregularities that scientists had long learned to ignore. Miniscule differences in data, they said, would eventually produce massive ones—and complex systems like the weather, economics, and human behavior suddenly became clearer and more beautiful than they had ever been before.In this seminal work of scientific writing, James Gleick lays out a cutting edge field of science with enough grace and precision that any reader will be able to grasp the science behind the beautiful complexity of the world around us. With more than a million copies sold, Chaos is “a groundbreaking book about what seems to be the future of physics” by a writer who has been a finalist for both the Pulitzer Prize and the National Book Award, the author of Time Travel: A History and Genius: The Life and Science of Richard Feynman (Publishers Weekly).

By showing us the true nature of chance and revealing the psychological illusions that cause us to misjudge the world around us, Mlodinow gives us the tools we need to make more informed decisions. From the classroom to the courtroom and from financial markets to supermarkets, Mlodinow's intriguing and illuminating look at how randomness, chance, and probability affect our daily lives will intrigue, awe, and inspire.

From the Trade Paperback edition.

For centuries, scientific thought was focused on bringing order to the natural world. But even as relativity and quantum mechanics undermined that rigid certainty in the first half of the twentieth century, the scientific community clung to the idea that any system, no matter how complex, could be reduced to a simple pattern. In the 1960s, a small group of radical thinkers began to take that notion apart, placing new importance on the tiny experimental irregularities that scientists had long learned to ignore. Miniscule differences in data, they said, would eventually produce massive ones—and complex systems like the weather, economics, and human behavior suddenly became clearer and more beautiful than they had ever been before.In this seminal work of scientific writing, James Gleick lays out a cutting edge field of science with enough grace and precision that any reader will be able to grasp the science behind the beautiful complexity of the world around us. With more than a million copies sold, Chaos is “a groundbreaking book about what seems to be the future of physics” by a writer who has been a finalist for both the Pulitzer Prize and the National Book Award, the author of Time Travel: A History and Genius: The Life and Science of Richard Feynman (Publishers Weekly).

The crisis was partly a failure of mathematical modeling. But even more, it was a failure of some very sophisticated financial institutions to think like physicists. Models—whether in science or finance—have limitations; they break down under certain conditions. And in 2008, sophisticated models fell into the hands of people who didn’t understand their purpose, and didn’t care. It was a catastrophic misuse of science.

The solution, however, is not to give up on models; it's to make them better. Weatherall reveals the people and ideas on the cusp of a new era in finance. We see a geophysicist use a model designed for earthquakes to predict a massive stock market crash. We discover a physicist-run hedge fund that earned 2,478.6% over the course of the 1990s. And we see how an obscure idea from quantum theory might soon be used to create a far more accurate Consumer Price Index.

Both persuasive and accessible, The Physics of Wall Street is riveting history that will change how we think about our economic future.

Experts have never been able to explain the causes of any of these disasters. Now scientists have discovered that these seemingly unrelated cataclysms, both natural and human, almost certainly all happen for one fundamental reason. More than that, there is not and never will be any way to predict them.

Critically acclaimed science journalist Mark Buchanan tells the fascinating story of the discovery that there is a natural structure of instability woven into the fabric of our world. From humble beginnings studying the physics of sandpiles, scientists have learned that an astonishing range of things–Earth’s crust, cars on a highway, the market for stocks, and the tightly woven networks of human society–have a natural tendency to organize themselves into what’s called the “critical state,” in which they are poised on what Buchanan describes as the “knife-edge of instability.” The more places scientists have looked for the critical state, the more places they’ve found it, and some believe that the pervasiveness of instability must now be seen as a fundamental feature of our world.

Ubiquity is packed with stories of real-life catastrophes, such as the huge earthquake that in 1995 hit Kobe, Japan, killing 5,000 people; the forest fires that ravaged Yellowstone National Park in 1988; the stock market crash of 1987; the mass extinction that killed off the dinosaurs; and the outbreak of World War I. Combining literary flair with scientific rigor, Buchanan introduces the researchers who have pieced together the evidence of the critical state, explaining their ingenious work and unexpected insights in beautifully lucid prose.

At the dawn of this new century, Buchanan reveals, we are witnessing the emergence of an extraordinarily powerful new field of science that will help us comprehend the bewildering and unruly rhythms that dominate our lives and may even lead to a true science of the dynamics of human culture and history.

From the Hardcover edition.

The Second Edition maintained the accessibility of the first, while providing an introduction to the use of computers and expanding discussion on certain topics. Further emphasis was placed on topological properties, properties of geodesics, singularities of vector fields, and the theorems of Bonnet and Hadamard.

This revision of the Second Edition provides a thorough update of commands for the symbolic computation programs Mathematica or Maple, as well as additional computer exercises. As with the Second Edition, this material supplements the content but no computer skill is necessary to take full advantage of this comprehensive text.

Over 36,000 copies sold worldwideAccessible, practical yet rigorous approach to a complex topic--also suitable for self-studyExtensive update of appendices on Mathematica and Maple software packagesThorough streamlining of second edition's numbering systemFuller information on solutions to odd-numbered problemsAdditional exercises and hints guide students in using the latest computer modeling toolsIn this pioneering synthesis, Joshua Epstein introduces a new theoretical entity: Agent_Zero. This software individual, or "agent," is endowed with distinct emotional/affective, cognitive/deliberative, and social modules. Grounded in contemporary neuroscience, these internal components interact to generate observed, often far-from-rational, individual behavior. When multiple agents of this new type move and interact spatially, they collectively generate an astonishing range of dynamics spanning the fields of social conflict, psychology, public health, law, network science, and economics.

Epstein weaves a computational tapestry with threads from Plato, Hume, Darwin, Pavlov, Smith, Tolstoy, Marx, James, and Dostoevsky, among others. This transformative synthesis of social philosophy, cognitive neuroscience, and agent-based modeling will fascinate scholars and students of every stripe. Epstein's computer programs are provided in the book or on its Princeton University Press website, along with movies of his "computational parables.?

Agent_Zero is a signal departure in what it includes (e.g., a new synthesis of neurally grounded internal modules), what it eschews (e.g., standard behavioral imitation), the phenomena it generates (from genocide to financial panic), and the modeling arsenal it offers the scientific community.

For generative social science, Agent_Zero presents a groundbreaking vision and the tools to realize it.

John Miller and Scott Page show how to combine ideas from economics, political science, biology, physics, and computer science to illuminate topics in organization, adaptation, decentralization, and robustness. They also demonstrate how the usual extremes used in modeling can be fruitfully transcended.

The authors begin with Vilhelm Bjerknes, a Norwegian physicist and meteorologist who in 1904 came up with a method now known as numerical weather prediction. Although his proposed calculations could not be implemented without computers, his early attempts, along with those of Lewis Fry Richardson, marked a turning point in atmospheric science. Roulstone and Norbury describe the discovery of chaos theory's butterfly effect, in which tiny variations in initial conditions produce large variations in the long-term behavior of a system--dashing the hopes of perfect predictability for weather patterns. They explore how weather forecasters today formulate their ideas through state-of-the-art mathematics, taking into account limitations to predictability. Millions of variables--known, unknown, and approximate--as well as billions of calculations, are involved in every forecast, producing informative and fascinating modern computer simulations of the Earth system.

Accessible and timely, Invisible in the Storm explains the crucial role of mathematics in understanding the ever-changing weather.

Some images inside the book are unavailable due to digital copyright restrictions.

This brief provides introductory information on sample chaotic circuits, includes coverage of their development, and the “gallery” section provides information on a wide range of circuits. Concise Guide to Chaotic Electronic Circuits will be useful to anyone running a laboratory class involving chaotic circuits and to students wishing to learn about them.

Now, in his new book, Fisher shows how we can manage our complex social lives in an ever more chaotic world. His investigation encompasses topics ranging from “swarm intelligence” to the science of parties and the best ways to start a fad. Finally, Fisher sheds light on the beauty and utility of complexity theory. An entertaining journey into the science of everyday life, The Perfect Swarm will delight anyone who wants to understand the complex situations in which we so often find ourselves.

QuickTime for .NET and COM Developers is the first guide to QuickTime for developers using popular RAD tools such a Visual Basic .NET, C#, and Visual Basic 6. A general introduction to QuickTime is followed by a detailed explanation of the QuickTime architecture from a.NET and COM perspective, liberally accompanied by code snippets. A number of implementation examples illustrate key QuickTime features, ranging from a simple movie player to a sophisticated interactive application. Also covered is QuickTime scripting in both QuickTime Player (using Windows Scripting) and in Microsoft Office applications (using VBA). Brief guides to developing with QuickTime in Delphi and ATL/WTL are also included.

Part of the official Quicktime Developer Series, publishing the finest books on QuickTime in cooperation with Apple.

* The first book on QuickTime for .NET and COM application and scripting developers

* Written by one of the architects of Apple's QuickTime ActiveX/COM control

* Offers numerous sample applications and code examples

For this new edition the book has been thoroughly updated throughout. There are new chapters on nonlinear interior methods and derivative-free methods for optimization, both of which are used widely in practice and the focus of much current research. Because of the emphasis on practical methods, as well as the extensive illustrations and exercises, the book is accessible to a wide audience. It can be used as a graduate text in engineering, operations research, mathematics, computer science, and business. It also serves as a handbook for researchers and practitioners in the field. The authors have strived to produce a text that is pleasant to read, informative, and rigorous - one that reveals both the beautiful nature of the discipline and its practical side.

There is a selected solutions manual for instructors for the new edition.

The text begins with examinations of the allocation problem, matrix notation for dual problems, feasibility, and theorems on duality and existence. Subsequent chapters address convex sets and boundedness, the prepared problem and boundedness and consistency, optimal points and motivation of the simplex method, and the simplex method and tableaux. The treatment concludes with explorations of the effectiveness of the simplex method and the solution of the dual problem. Two helpful Appendixes offer supplementary material.

In this book we provide a brief introduction to linear programming, together with a set of exercises that introduce some applications of linear programming. We will also provide an introduction to solve linear programming in R. For each problem a possible solution through linear programming is introduced, together with the code to solve it in R and its numerical solution.

Theory of functions and nonlinear analysis problems are widespread in the mathematical modeling of real world systems in a very broad range of applications. During the past three decades many new results from the author have helped to solve multiextreme problems arising from important situations, non-convex and non linear cases, in function theory.

Foundations of Complex Analysis in Non Locally Convex Spaces is a comprehensive book that covers the fundamental theorems in Complex and Functional Analysis and presents much new material.

The book includes generalized new forms of: Hahn-Banach Theorem, Multilinear maps, theory of polynomials, Fixed Point Theorems, p-extreme points and applications in Operations Research, Krein-Milman Theorem, Quasi-differential Calculus, Lagrange Mean-Value Theorems, Taylor series, Quasi-holomorphic and Quasi-analytic maps, Quasi-Analytic continuations, Fundamental Theorem of Calculus, Bolzano's Theorem, Mean-Value Theorem for Definite Integral, Bounding and weakly-bounding (limited) sets, Holomorphic Completions, and Levi problem.

Each chapter contains illustrative examples to help the student and researcher to enhance his knowledge of theory of functions.

The new concept of Quasi-differentiability introduced by the author represents the backbone of the theory of Holomorphy for non-locally convex spaces. In fact it is different but much stronger than the Frechet one.

The book is intended not only for Post-Graduate (M.Sc.& Ph.D.) students and researchers in Complex and Functional Analysis, but for all Scientists in various disciplines whom need nonlinear or non-convex analysis and holomorphy methods without convexity conditions to model and solve problems.

bull; The book contains new generalized versions of:

i) Fundamental Theorem of Calculus, Lagrange Mean-Value Theorem in real and complex cases, Hahn-Banach Theorems, Bolzano Theorem, Krein-Milman Theorem, Mean value Theorem for Definite Integral, and many others.

ii) Fixed Point Theorems of Bruower, Schauder and Kakutani's.

bull; The book contains some applications in Operations research and non convex analysis as a consequence of the new concept p-Extreme points given by the author.

bull; The book contains a complete theory for Taylor Series representations of the different types of holomorphic maps in F-spaces without convexity conditions.

bull; The book contains a general new concept of differentiability stronger than the Frechet one. This implies a new Differentiable Calculus called Quasi-differential (or Bayoumi differential) Calculus. It is due to the author's discovery in 1995.

bull; The book contains the theory of polynomials and Banach Stienhaus theorem in non convex spaces.

This book will serve as a useful reference to graduate students and researchers in continuum theory and dynamical systems. Researchers working in applied areas who are discovering inverse limits in their work will also benefit from this book.

This book, addressed to mathematicians and mathematical (or mathematically inclined) physicists, shows how the powerful technology of transfer operators, imported from statistical physics, has been used recently to construct relevant invariant measures, and to study the speed of decay of their correlation functions, for many chaotic systems. Links with dynamical zeta functions are explained.

The book is intended for graduate students or researchers entering the field, and the technical prerequisites have been kept to a minimum.

Contents:Subshifts of Finite Type: A Key Symbolic ModelSmooth Uniformly Expanding DynamicsPiecewise Expanding SystemsHyperbolic Systems

Readership: Physicists, mathematicians, interdisciplinary scientists and social scientists.

Keywords:Transfer Operator;Spectrum;Thermodynamic Formalism;Correlation Function;Mixing;Dynamical System;Chaos;Equilibrium State;Spectral Gap;Perron Frobenius OperatorReviews:

“The book can be used both as a textbook for beginners and as a reference book for workers in the field … the proofs are given in full, allowing a detailed study of the techniques and making the book nicely self-contained.”

Mathematical Reviews* Acquire essential practical knowledge of motors and drives, with a minimum of math and theory

* Updated material on the latest and most widely-used modern motors and drives

* New edition includes additional diagrams and worked examples throughout

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Knowledge flow provides learning book of Electrical Engineering. This book is for all engineering students and professionals across the world. Electrical engineering is the study of electromagnetism, electricity and electronics. This electrical engineering book is better explaining these concepts and basics of electricity.

Contents:

1. Introduction to Electrical Engineering

2. Basics of Electricity

3. D.C. Circuits

4. Laws Governing Electrical Circuits

5. Electrical Circuit Analysis

6. Circuit Network Theorems

7. Sinusoid and Phasor

8. Electromagnetism

9. Transformers

10. Induction Motors

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Multigrid methods are invaluable to researchers in scientific disciplines including physics, chemistry, meteorology, fluid and continuum mechanics, geology, biology, and all engineering disciplines. They are also becoming increasingly important in economics and financial mathematics.

Readers are presented with an invaluable summary covering 25 years of practical experience acquired by the multigrid research group at the Germany National Research Center for Information Technology. The book presents both practical and theoretical points of view.

* Covers the whole field of multigrid methods from its elements up to the most advanced applications

* Style is essentially elementary but mathematically rigorous

* No other book is so comprehensive and written for both practitioners and students

The second edition includes updated versions of selected first edition chapters. New chapters have been added on:

· Different approaches with no need for a priori choices of weights (called “multipliers) that reflect meaningful trade-offs.

· Construction of static and dynamic DEA technologies.

· Slacks-based model and its extensions

· DEA models for DMUs that have internal structures network DEA that can be used for measuring supply chain operations.

· Selection of DEA applications in the service sector with a focus on building a conceptual framework, research design and interpreting results."The book has it all...written by a pro with 40 years of hands-on repair and teaching experience...this book is like brain candy"--GeekDad (Wired.com)

Fully updated for current technologies and packed with hundreds of photos and diagrams, this do-it-yourself guide shows you how to safely install, operate, maintain, and fix gas and electric appliances of all types. Troubleshooting and Repairing Major Appliances, Third Edition provides easy-tofollow procedures for using test meters, replacing parts, reading circuit diagrams, interpreting fault and error codes, and diagnosing problems. Featuring a new chapter on becoming a service technician, this practical, money-saving resource is ideal for homeowners and professionals alike.

Covers all major appliances:

Automatic dishwashers Garbage disposers Electric water heaters Gas water heaters Top load automatic washers Front load automatic washers Automatic electric dryers Automatic gas dryers Electric ranges, cooktops, and ovens Gas ranges, cooktops, and ovens Microwave ovens Refrigerators Freezers Automatic ice makers Residential under-the-counter ice cube makers Room air conditioners DehumidifiersThis new edition is an ideal resource for professional digital system designers, programmers, application developers, and system software developers. It will also be of interest to undergraduate students in Computer Science, Computer Engineering and Electrical Engineering courses in Computer Organization, Computer Design, ranging from Sophomore required courses to Senior Electives.

Winner of a 2014 Texty Award from the Text and Academic Authors AssociationIncludes new examples, exercises, and material highlighting the emergence of mobile computing and the cloudCovers parallelism in depth with examples and content highlighting parallel hardware and software topics Features the Intel Core i7, ARM Cortex-A8 and NVIDIA Fermi GPU as real-world examples throughout the book Adds a new concrete example, "Going Faster," to demonstrate how understanding hardware can inspire software optimizations that improve performance by 200 timesDiscusses and highlights the "Eight Great Ideas" of computer architecture: Performance via Parallelism; Performance via Pipelining; Performance via Prediction; Design for Moore's Law; Hierarchy of Memories; Abstraction to Simplify Design; Make the Common Case Fast; and Dependability via RedundancyIncludes a full set of updated and improved exercisesAre you an aspiring journeyman or master electrician? The Electrician's Trade DeMYSTiFieD makes it shockingly easy to prepare for licensing exams and onthe- job success.

Written in a step-by-step format, this practical guide describes the typical licensing process, which varies by region, and explains how to determine the specific requirements for your state or city. You'll get a thorough review of the National Electrical Code (NEC), including ways to access exam answers on an open-book basis. Detailed examples and concise explanations make it easy to understand the material, and end-of-chapter quizzes and a final exam help reinforce key concepts.

It's a no-brainer! You'll learn:

How to find licensing requirements for the state in which you plan to work Time-saving methods for navigating through the NEC What it takes to become a journeyman and master electrician Strategies for passing your exam How to use logic to improve your score Jobsite procedures that promote efficiency and productivitySimple enough for a beginner, but challenging enough for an advanced student, The Electrician's Trade DeMYSTiFieD helps you maximize your test score and become a successful working electrician!

The book is addressed to researchers working in control and signal processing engineering. Prerequisites include a solid background in classical linear control theory, basic familiarity with continuous-time Markov chains and probability theory, and some elementary knowledge of operator theory.

Thoroughly revised and expanded with hundreds of pages of new material to reflect changes in the 2011 NEC, McGraw-Hill’s National Electrical Code 2011 Handbook, 27th Edition provides authoritative guidance and analysis to help you accurately interpret 2011 NEC rules. Co-author and working electrician, Frederic P. Hartwell, who has participated in the NEC process for almost thirty years, describes problems and difficulties in NEC provisions from an unbiased and practical perspective.

It does not duplicate NEC text and tables within its covers. Designed as an essential companion to the 2011 NEC, it contains over one-third more explanatory material and more than 1000 diagrams and photos within its convenient 6 x 9 inch format. Details on the background and rationale for specific code rules facilitate an in-depth understanding of the meaning and application of those rules. This must-have on-the-job reference helps your work pass inspection the first time.

Electronics For Dummies, 3rd Edition is Packed with hundreds of colorful diagrams and photographs, this book provides step-by-step instructions for experiments that show you how electronic components work, advice on choosing and using essential tools, and exciting projects you can build in 30 minutes or less. You’ll get charged up as you transform theory into action in chapter after chapter!

• Circuit basics: learn what voltage is, where current flows (and doesn’t flow), and how power is used in a circuit.

• Critical components: discover how resistors, capacitors, inductors, diodes, and transistors control and shape electric current.

• Versatile chips: find out how to use analog and digital integrated circuits to build complex projects with just a few parts.

• Analyze circuits: understand the rules that govern current and voltage and learn how to apply them.

• Safety tips: get a thorough grounding in how to protect yourself—and your electronics—from harm.

Electronics For Dummies, 3rd Edition helps you explore the basic concepts of electronics with confidence — this book will get you charged up!

Or winning the lottery?

Or meeting someone from Timbuktu with the same middle name as you?

BEYOND COINCIDENCE recounts and analyzes over 200 amazing stories of synchronicity, the likes of:

Laura Buxton, age ten, releases a balloon from her back yard. It lands 140 miles away in the backyard of another Laura Buxton, also age ten.

Two sisters in Alabama decide, independently, to visit the other. En route, their identical jeeps collide and both sisters are killed.

A British cavalry officer was fighting in the last year of World War One when he was knocked off his horse by a flash of lightning. He was paralyzed from the waist down. The man moved to Vancouver, Canada where, six years later, while fishing in a river, lightning struck him again, paralyzing his right side. Two years later, he was sufficiently recovered to take walks in a local park when, in 1930, lightning sought him out again, this time permanently paralyzing him. He died soon after. Four years later, lightning destroyed his tomb.

This book introduces the reader to methods allowing one to build explicit solutions to these equations. A prerequisite task is to investigate whether the chances of success are high or low, and this can be achieved without any a priori knowledge of the solutions, with a powerful algorithm presented in detail called the Painlevé test. If the equation under study passes the Painlevé test, the equation is presumed integrable. If on the contrary the test fails, the system is nonintegrable or even chaotic, but it may still be possible to find solutions.

The examples chosen to illustrate these methods are mostly taken from physics. These include on the integrable side the nonlinear Schrödinger equation (continuous and discrete), the Korteweg-de Vries equation, the Hénon-Heiles Hamiltonians, on the nonintegrable side the complex Ginzburg-Landau equation (encountered in optical fibers, turbulence, etc), the Kuramoto-Sivashinsky equation (phase turbulence), the Kolmogorov-Petrovski-Piskunov equation (KPP, a reaction-diffusion model), the Lorenz model of atmospheric circulation and the Bianchi IX cosmological model.

Written at a graduate level, the book contains tutorial text as well as detailed examples and the state of the art on some current research.

Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Thoroughly revised to reflect the 2011 National Electrical Code (NEC) and the latest industry advances, Electrician's Calculations Manual, Second Edition gives you quick access to the basic calculations needed for any given job. The book also serves as an ideal review for license preparation. End-of-chapter questions plus an end-of-book final test help reinforce the material covered. Written by a Master Electrician with more than 40 years of experience, this practical guide helps you:

Find answers for both AC and DC circuits Solve problems related to motor circuits and transformers Calculate single-dwelling and multifamily loads Accurately figure requirements for commercial jobs Perform conduit-bending math Handle service entrance problems Understand the math behind electrical solutions And much moreCompletely revised and expanded to reflect changes in the 2014 NEC, McGraw-Hill's National Electrical Code® 2014 Handbook, 28th Edition presents the trusted advice and analysis you need to accurately interpret 2014 NEC rules. In-depth coverage of the background and rationale for specific Code rules enhances your understanding of the meaning and application of those rules. This practical resource also points out important matters of discussion with inspectors.

Designed as a must-have companion to the 2014 NEC book published by the National Fire Protection Association, this comprehensive volume features more than 1,000 detailed diagrams and photos. The authoritative information and insight contained in this on-the-job reference will help your work pass inspection the first time.

This book doesn't duplicate the text of the NEC. Instead, it is entirely comprised of explanatory text, specifically addressing every single code article, providing the most analytical content available. Because this book is published completely independently from NFPA, it is free to--and frequently does--offer detailed analysis of technically questionable and editorially convoluted provisions in the NEC, along with strategies for discussing those issues in advance with owners and inspectors before financial commitments are made.

Covers all significant changes in the 2014 NEC, including:

Low Voltage Direct Current Distribution Systems (new Article 393) Modular Data Centers (new Article 646) Fire Resistive Cable Systems (new Article 728) Energy Management Systems (new Article 750) Global changes to hazard warning labels and centralization of rules for lockout mechanisms, along with extensive increases of permitted utilization voltage from 600 to 1000 Coverage throughout the NEC® of DC systems due to expanding usage Critical expansion of both requirements for and acceptable strategies to provide AFCI protectionKey Features: • Impacts of new regulation • Simple and clear explanations of generation, transmission and governance • How cleaner fuels and new technology are transforming the industry • The newest environmental standards