This fascinating book contains the history and rules of many historical board games, including the games of the ancient Egyptians, the Hiera Gramme of the Greeks, the Ludus Latrunculorum of the Romans and versions of chess, checkers, backgammon and magic squares played around the world.
Dedicated to the goddess of the hunt, the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus is one of the historic Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Also called the Temple of Diana, the name Romans gave to Artemis, this structure is the only Wonder to have been completely rebuilt three times. Around the 7th century BC, a flood destroyed the first Temple of Artemis. Historians are uncertain how the first temple looked or who constructed it, although some believe that the Amazons may have been responsible. In 550 BC, reconstruction of the temple began under the supervision of architect Chersiphron. The project took ten years to complete. However, the temple was destroyed by an act of arson less than a year after its unveiling. The people of Ephesus struggled to construct another temple. Seeing the Ephesians lacked the monetary means necessary to build the temple a third time, Alexander the Great offered to pay for the building reconstruction. Refusing his help, the Ephesians eventually began rebuilding the temple in 323 BC. This time, the temple was larger than its predecessors, measuring in at 450 feet (137 m) long, 225 feet (68 m) wide and 60 feet (18 m) high. Additionally, the temple included more than 120 columns and dozens of ornate paintings. This reconstruction would survive 600 years. In 268, the Goths destroyed the temple in a raid. Thought to have been razed to the ground, the temple was lost until 1869, when an expedition led by John Turtle Wood discovered fragments of sculptures and stone from the ancient temple. Today, archaeologists and historians continue to excavate around Ephesus and research the stories of this Ancient Wonder.