The book consists of papers discussing a wide range of subjects on pure and applied chemistry. The compendium has papers that deal with transuranium elements, chemical reprocessing of nuclear fuel, and studies of the heaviest elements at Dubna. The text also presents papers covering topics on the super HILAC and the Berkeley superheavy element program, the chemistry of actinide elements, and nuclear applications to environmental problems and technology.
Chemists will find the book insightful.
After providing the terminology, symbols, and systems of units, this book goes on dealing with the basic theory, motor comparison, and basic speed control methods of motors. The subsequent chapters describe the phase-locked servo systems and their optimization and applications. These topics are followed by a discussion of the developments made by Electro-Craft in the field of DC Brushless Motors. The final chapter provides revised data sheets on Electro-Craft products and describes the models in the motomatic range of speed controls, servomotor controls, and digital positioning systems.
This handbook is of great value to professional engineers and engineering students.
The book first tackles the industrial use of ergonomics, general framework and workstation analysis, and displays. Discussions focus on types of display, approach of ergonomics, workstation analysis, checklist caveat, ergonomics and industry, applying ergonomics, and ergonomics in the firm. The book then elaborates on controls, layout of panels and machines, layout of work spaces, and seating in industry.
The manuscript takes a look at thermal comfort in industry, noise in industry, lighting of work places, inspection and human efficiency, and ergonomics versus accidents. Topics include environmental stress, perceptual and physical limitations, lighting and performance, fatigue and efficiency, design of inspection tasks, principles of good lighting, sound and its measurement, annoying effects of noise, effects on the ear and work, body temperature regulation, and coping with extremes of temperature.
The publication is a valuable source of data for researchers interested in the applications of ergonomics.
Comprised of 18 chapters, this book first presents answers and solutions to exercises relating to functions and graphs. The next chapter is about derivatives and covers topics ranging from the slope problem to limits, sums and products, and quotients and square roots, along with limits and continuity. Subsequent chapters deal with applications of differentiation; exponential and trigonometric functions; techniques and applications of integration; inverse functions; and plane analytic geometry. The rest of the book focuses on approximation and convergence; power series; space geometry and vectors; vector functions and curves; higher partials and their applications; and double and multiple integrals.
This monograph will be a useful resource for undergraduate students of mathematics and algebra.
The book will be of great interest to professionals who are involved in the zirconia industry.
The tools used include many classical and modern nonlinear analysis methods such as fixed point theory, measure of noncompactness method, topological degree method, the Picard operators technique, critical point theory and semigroups theory. Based on research work carried out by the author and other experts during the past four years, the contents are very new and comprehensive. It is useful to researchers and graduate students for research, seminars, and advanced graduate courses, in pure and applied mathematics, physics, mechanics, engineering, biology, and related disciplines.Contents:Preliminaries:IntroductionSome Notations, Concepts and LemmasFractional CalculusSome Results from Nonlinear AnalysisSemigroupsFractional Functional Differential Equations:IntroductionNeutral Equations with Bounded Delayp-Type Neutral EquationsNeutral Equations with Infinite DelayIterative Functional Differential EquationsNotes and RemarksFractional Ordinary Differential Equations in Banach Spaces:IntroductionCauchy Problems via Measure of Noncompactness MethodCauchy Problems via Topological Degree MethodCauchy Problems via Picard Operators TechniqueNotes and RemarksFractional Abstract Evolution Equations:IntroductionEvolution Equations with Riemann-Liouville DerivativeEvolution Equations with Caputo DerivativeNonlocal Cauchy Problems for Evolution EquationsAbstract Cauchy Problems with Almost Sectorial OperatorsNotes and RemarksFractional Boundary Value Problems via Critical Point Theory:IntroductionExistence of Solution for BVP with Left and Right Fractional IntegralsMultiple Solutions for BVP with ParametersInfinite Solutions for BVP with Left and Right Fractional IntegralsExistence of Solutions for BVP with Left and Right Fractional DerivativesNotes and RemarksFractional Partial Differential Equations:IntroductionFractional Euler-Lagrange EquationsTime-Fractional Diffusion EquationsFractional Hamiltonian SystemsFractional Schrödinger EquationsNotes and Remarks
Readership: Graduate students and researchers in the fields of fractional differential equations, fractional calculus and related areas of research.
Key Features:This book provides a broad scenario of the qualitative theory of fractional differential equations and complements the existing literature in fractional calculus. So far, there are very few books in the literature systematically presenting the theory of fractional differential equationsThe author gives some new approaches such as critical point theory to study the basic theory of fractional differential equationsThe book contains updated and new information in this research areaKeywords:Fractional Differential Equations;Initial Value Problems;Boundary Value Problems;Semigroups Theory;Critical Point Theory
Comprised of 34 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the production of natural gas and other gases that exist within the ECE region or can be imported, followed by a discussion on possible sources of natural gas for France and the ECE area in 1990. Subsequent chapters focus on energy from liquefied natural gas; chances for alternative fuels in the gas industry; gas supplies in the United States; and high depth underground coal gasification as a potential energy source for the future. The economic aspects of gas gathering in the North Sea and gas consumption in Czechoslovakia up to 1990 are also examined, along with the use of natural gas for the production of olefins in Western Europe.
This monograph will be of interest to economists and energy policymakers.
The selection examines liquid helium technology at the National Bureau of Standards, properties of liquid helium, heat transfer to liquid helium, and noise associated with heat transfer to liquid helium II. Discussions focus on apparatus and instrumentation, test procedure, liquid helium as a cryogenic liquid, zero viscosity, momentum of heat flow, rotation and vortex lines, oscillation of vortex lines, and quantized vortices. The publication then takes a look at boiling heat transfer to liquid helium, heat transfer from metal to supercritical helium, heat transfer to boiling liquid helium in narrow vertical channels, and critical nucleate boiling of liquid helium in a simulated wire wound magnet.
The text ponders on microdegree temperature controller for liquid helium II bath, commercial production, storage and distribution of liquid helium, lightweight liquid helium dewar, commercial handling of liquid helium dewars, effectiveness of low temperature refrigeration for electronics, and a bulk liquid helium distribution system.
The selection is a valuable source of information for scientists and researchers interested in liquid helium technology.
This book discusses the optimal levels of blood lipids that suffice for optimal physical and mental development of man while at the same time does not detrimentally affect human health. Clinical, epidemiological, and experimental evidence agrees that the ideal (optimal) serum cholesterol level for children aged 10-14 should be 120 mg% and that the ideal (optimal) cholesterol level for adults should be 160 mg%. This text stresses that if these are indeed the optimal levels, and so many people have levels far above these values, then it is evident why a large proportion of the population succumbs to cardiovascular disease.
This publication is intended for physicians and scientists concerned with the optimal values of health.
The book focuses on traditional folk dances from France, Germany, and Israel, as well as from Yugoslavia, Portugal, and Romania. Experts from the dance's country of origin are consulted to ensure that the instructions given in the book are precise. The music for the dances is recorded under the auspices of the Society for International Folk Dancing.
Dance instructors, dancers, sociologists, and musicians will find this book informative and interesting.
The electroanalytical techniques are classified according to the techniques in which neither the electrical double layer nor any electrode reaction need be considered; techniques that involve double-layer phenomena but in which any electrode reactions need not be considered; and techniques involving electrode reactions.
This book is organized into five parts encompassing 39 chapters. Part I focuses on the economic problems of the foundry industry, particularly in connection with reduction of labor requirements and in calculating foundry production capacity. Part II highlights the problem of environmental pollution created by different branches of metallurgy, while Part III deals with the general problems concerning practices and technological developments in the foundry industry. Part IV describes the technological advances in molding and coremaking processes in foundry. This part also discusses the reduction of waste energy in permanent mold and die-casting foundries. Part V considers the transition to process and production automation of foundry equipment.
This book will prove useful to metallurgical engineers, manufacturers, and researchers.
This book explores the various ways and means of planning, organizing, coordinating, and financing building research and development activities on the national level, taking into account both the short- and long-term needs of society. While the main emphasis is on governmental measures to support research activities carried out by universities, research organizations, and independent experts, the steps taken to help research and development in the building materials and construction industries, for example by fiscal action or aid to education and training activities, are also taken into account. The promotion of the use of research and development findings both nationally and internationally, and the methods by which international collaboration might stimulate research and development within countries and make it more efficient, are explored as well.
This monograph will be of interest to researchers and engineers.
This volume is organized into two parts. The first part presents papers discussing structure determination by the use of spectroscopy. Topics covered under this section include ion cyclotron resonance, some aspects of photoelectron spectroscopy, and the LASER-Raman spectroscopy of biological macromolecules. The second part provides the advances in conformational analysis. This section considers the study of small model molecules by NMR, the conformational analysis of polymers and their model compounds using spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction and energy calculations, and the theoretical and experimental studies which are being carried out to determine the factors which affect the folding of polypeptide chains in proteins.
Chemists will find this text highly invaluable and insightful.
This book defines less-favored agricultural areas as those places where there is limited agricultural development, of different sizes and economic and social importance. These areas are also defined as suffering serious deterioration of the natural environment and of economic and social activities. This book then presents country reports covering problem areas in Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Finland, France, and Germany. In reviewing each of these countries, and other countries as well, the text presents each government's objectives concerning the rural areas, the actual strategies and policies pursued by the state, and the problems encountered when implementing these policies. This text also gives the methodologies used in evaluating these programs.
This book can prove useful for government officials and ministries dealing with the agricultural sector, heads of volunteer organizations dealing with countryside development, and academicians in political science and developmental planning.
The book consists of papers discussing a wide range of subjects on pure and applied chemistry. The compendium has papers that deal with engineering aspects of electrosynthesis, the design of electrolytic cells, and electrocatalysts in power generating cells. The text also presents papers covering topics on organic electrosynthesis in the capillary gap cell, electrochemical oxygen ionization, and organic synthesis by anodic oxidation.
The book will of value to chemists.
Session I includes papers on the use of computer technology to establish the quality of the welded joints; computer-aided design system for design of fillet welds with optimum shape; and the use of numerical simulation software for predetermination and optimization of the mechanical resistance of brazed joints. The papers in Session II cover topics such as acoustic emission testing; eddy current inspection system for weld testing; and holographic imaging of weld cracks. Session III includes papers on a computer controlled friction welding system and a CAQ-system for welding workshops. The presentations in Session IV include an approach for writing conventional software and expert systems for welding engineers and an expert system for robotic welding.
This book contains 27 chapters and begins with an overview of the world production and consumption of certain minerals. The next chapters describe the physical and chemical characteristics of certain mineral ores, as well as the mineral content of certain rock assemblages. These topics are followed by discussions of the geographical distribution of some ores, including discovered metal bearing zones in Africa. Considerable chapters are devoted to exploration techniques in tropical, temperate, and sub-arctic Precambrian areas. The remaining chapters examine the action of metamorphic and other geological processes in mobilizing ore minerals.
The book will prove useful to geologists, researchers, and geology students.
Organized into 16 chapters, this compilation of papers begins with an overview of the alterations to serum and plasma enzymes that represent subtle protein modifications associated with disease states. This text then provides a comparison of the Michaelis constants of particular tissue alkaline phophotases with those of serum alkaline phosphotase from several pathological states. Other chapters consider the origin of metabolic changes in leucocytes, including the genetic metabolic defects, the intrinsic disturbances arising in leucocytes themselves, and the blood metabolite or hormone concentrations. This book discusses as well the action of amine oxidases.
This book is a valuable resource for clinical chemists, chemical pathologists, enzymologists, scientists, research workers, and students.
Comprised of 12 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the critical point of fluid, followed by a discussion on the properties of liquid hydrogen and its use in nuclear rocket testing. Subsequent chapters focus on propulsion by liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen; structural cryogenic vessels of rocket stages; the role of chemical propellants in the NASA lunar exploration program; and equipment for liquid hydrogen storage and handling. Industrial advances in liquid hydrogen distillation are also considered, along with liquid hydrogen engineering instrumentation and applications of liquid hydrogen in electrical engineering. The final chapter describes nuclear applications of liquid hydrogen.
This book will be of value to students, professors, engineers, and technicians working or are interested in liquid hydrogen.
The selection first offers information on flame strength of propane-oxygen flames at low pressures in turbulent flow and mixing and flow in ducted turbulent jets. Topics include radial profile of the jetting velocity, radial growth of the jet, and mixing zones of a ducted jet. The text then elaborates on turbulent flame studies in two-dimensional open burners; turbulent mass transfer and rates of combustion in confined turbulent flames; and flame stabilization in a boundary layer.
The publication examines the theoretical study of properties of laminar steady state flames as a function of properties of their chemical components and spectra of alkali metal-organic halide flames. The text then takes a look at the thermal radiation theory for plane flame propagation in coal dust clouds; flame characteristics of the diborane-hydrazine system; and studies of the combustion of dimethyl hydrazine and related compounds.
The selection is a dependable reference for readers interested in the processes and reactions involved in combustion.
This book is organized into two main topics—short-lived intermediates, free radicals and homolytic mechanisms, and ion pair processes. This publication specifically discusses the chemically induced dynamic nuclear polarization, formation of radical anions by the attack of radicals upon anions, and high temperature organic reactions by flash vacuum pyrolysis. The structure-reactivity relationships in the chemistry of aliphatic free radicals, medium effects on radical-radical reactions, and oxidation of alkyl radicals by metal complexes are also described. This text likewise considers the end group association and complexation in anionic polymerization and reversal of singlet and triplet states in aromatic dianions with trigonal symmetry.
This compilation is useful to chemists and specialists researching on pure and applied chemistry.
The book is a collection of lecture papers on a wide range of topic concerning carotenoids. Several papers deal with such topics as carotene biosynthesis in fungi, studies of carotenoid biosynthesis in bacteria, and an investigation of the violaxanthin cycle. The text also contains research papers focusing on photoregulated carotenoid biosynthesis in non-photosynthetic microorganisms, structure of carotenoids, and studies on carotenoids and related compounds.
Chemists and pharmacologists will find the book insightful and interesting.
This book is divided into 10 parts and begins with a listing of references on thermodynamics, heat transfer, and other basic physical phenomena relating to refrigeration, including desiccation and measurements of temperature, humidity, and pressure. The next sections are devoted to the physics of low temperatures and cryogenics; production and distribution of cold; refrigerating plants (mainly in the food domain); and refrigerated transport and packaging. Other references deal with air conditioning and heat pumps; and industrial, biological, medical, and agricultural applications of refrigeration. The final section focuses on standards and regulations, economics and statistics, and education and trade activities in the refrigeration industry.
This guide is intended to assist researchers, engineers, manufacturers, and operators who are in either constant or occasional contact with the refrigeration domain.
This book discusses the definition of S-semigroup, extensions of R modules, structure of H, laws of conservation and equations of motion, and measures of strain. The basic equations for continua with internal rotations, general concepts of the discrete particle mechanics of matter, and implications of the first law of thermodynamics are also elaborated. This text likewise covers the homomorphism theorem, magneto-elastic interactions, transition from discrete particle mechanics to continuum mechanics, and passage to the continuum.
This publication is suitable for mathematicians, specialists, and students interested in mathematical structures.
This book begins with a general introduction to biotechnology, summarizing its historical development, possible role in health care, and impact on society. The stages involved in developing and producing a medicinal product and general elements that a licensing file of a biotechnological medicinal product should contain are also deliberated. The rest of the chapters are devoted to several case studies that commences with the initial concept of examining the need for the product followed by product evaluation through discussion of the pre-clinical and clinical trials.
This publication is valuable to students and researchers with a basic understanding of restriction enzymes, genetic manipulation procedures and principles underpinning cell fusion technology.
This book contains a few references to the rules for the nomenclature of organic chemistry as well as of inorganic boron compounds. This text defines inorganic compounds as substances consisting of combinations of all the elements except those that comprise mainly of certain chains and rings of carbon atoms with defined atoms and groups attached to these skeletal atoms. This book presents as well the background principles involved in or related to nomenclature, including oxidation number, coordination number, multiplying affixes, enclosing marks, and use of italic letters.
This guide also explains the various types of names used in chemistry, including substitutive names, simple binary names, molecular hydride or –ane names, and cations derived by proton addition to molecular hydrides.
This book is a valuable resource for organic and inorganic chemists.
The book contains a wide variety of methods in the determination of chemical elements and compounds in various segments of the environment, in air, water, soil and biota. The methods described in the compendium include Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry in the determination of airborne particulate lead, cadmium, cobalt, and vanadium. The use of the Ring Oven Technique in the determination of airborne particulate zinc, nickel, and copper is discussed. The determination of mercury in the air, water, and biological media is also elucidated.
The book will be of great use to chemists, ecologists, biologists, and researchers concerned with environmental pollution monitoring.
Some of the topics covered in the book are the procedure and policy in relation to human artificial insemination; definition of human artificial insemination; analysis of the procedure of using the method; progress in the development of a fetus; analysis of the effectiveness of the method; and possible insemination of a sperm from a third party. Other chapters describe the situations wherein the method of human artificial insemination is used. The discussion then shifts to the history and developments in applying the method, as well as an analysis of a doctor’s opinion on the result of using the method for impotent husband. The remaining chapters deal with the advantages and disadvantages of using the method.
The book can provide useful information to the doctors, theologians, sociologists, students, and researchers.
This book is comprised of seven chapters and begins with an assessment of the policy framework within which nations approach human settlement decisions. Aspirations for the improvement of the quality of human life are discussed, along with objectives and goals to be attained through planning. The following chapters explore the experiences and promise of planning for human settlements in regional, metropolitan, and rural areas; the practical technological and policy problems in satisfying basic human requirements within settlements, with emphasis on shelter, infrastructure, and social services; the importance of land in human settlements; and the roles of public participation within the planning process for human settlements. The last chapter summarizes the possibilities and problems of solving human settlement problems through international cooperation and discusses various mechanisms which may be useful to the international community.
This monograph will be a valuable resource for social scientists, social policymakers, human settlement planners, public officials, and citizens who are committed to the improvement of living conditions for all members of society.
After an introduction, this report presents in Sections 2 and 3 the summary, conclusions, and recommendations presented at the time of the Nuclear Hearings. The main body of the report is further divided into two parts. Part A contains the assessment of future community energy needs and the forecasts of primary energy supply according to various alternative energy strategies. Part B focuses on the potential environmental consequences resulting from the production and consumption of different sources of energy.
Section 1 of this document presents a classification of the methods and instruments used in the different branches of analytical flame spectroscopy. Section 2 lists terms and symbols for common quantities and constants in analytical spectroscopy. The subsequent section discusses the terms, symbols, and units for the description of the analytical flame spectrometer and similar devices. Section 4 explains the general terms and symbols relating to the methods of flame spectroscopy. The final section deals with the terms, symbols and units relating to optical radiation.
This document is valuable to practical analysts who are looking for well-defined terminologies and consistent set of symbols in the field of analytical flame spectroscopy.
This book is organized into three parts encompassing 24 chapters, and begins with an introduction to NMR and EPR techniques. The subsequent chapters are devoted to intermediate and advanced topics in the high resolution form of NMR Spectroscopy. The content of these chapters include a number of laboratory sessions designed to supplement and complement the lectures on various aspects of the technique. Other chapters focus topics related to EPR Spectroscopy, including its principles, instrumentation, significant development, and applications.
This book will be of value to analytical and organic chemists and researchers.
This book will be of value to organic chemists.
This compilation provides a unique reference to the state of technological development, research, and application of welded fabrications in challenging environments.
This book discusses the developments in pulsed gas metal arc welding; pulsed FM-GMA welding; and narrow gap welding of pressure vessels. The fracture toughness considerations for offshore structures; microcomputer method for predicting preheat temperatures; and submerged arc welding of high yield strength steel are also elaborated. This text likewise covers the influence of nitrogen content on deposited weld metal notch toughness gas-metal-slag interactions of binary fluxes containing CaF2 and evaluation of susceptibility of welds made with a stable austenitic welding wire to hot cracking.
This publication is a good source for welders and metallurgists, as well as students interested in welded fabrications in challenging environments.
The book consists of papers discussing a wide range of subjects on pure and applied chemistry. The compendium has papers that deal with the properties of new polyampholytes, triazoles and tetrazolinones, the field of carbenium ion polyreactions, and studies on the distribution of principal moments of inertia in random-flight linear chains, branched chains, and rings. The text also presents papers covering topics on polymerization of polymer-induced charge transfer complexes, polymer synthesis and conversions via metathesis and investigations on the structure op metathesis catalysts, and organic semiconducting polymers.
Chemists will find the book highly informative.
Organized into 22 chapters, this compilation of papers begins with an overview of the performances of pulsed columns, including decontamination factors and recovery yields. This text then discusses the alternative ways of managing neptunium in the Purex process and reviews the main coordination and redox characteristics of neptunium in nitric medium. Other chapters consider the mass transfer measurements made in a pulsed plate liquid–liquid extraction column. This book discusses as well the extraction of uranium from wet process phosphoric acid. The final chapter deals with full-scale pulse column tests, which have been performed with uranium and simulated fission products to evaluate.
This book is a valuable resource for chemical engineers, chemists, chemical physicists, and research workers.
The first parts explore the advances in understanding the atom structure, experimental studies of electrons, X-ray spectra of the atomic structure, kinetic energy of free electrons, and discontinuous structure of matter. These topics are followed by discussions on the laws governing the thermionic phenomena, wave nature of electron, light molecular scattering, the development of quantum mechanics, properties of neutrons, and the properties and production of positrons. The remaining parts are devoted to electronic waves, neutron's artificial radioactivity, and the evolution of cyclotron.
Physicists will find this book invaluable.
Concise yet very informative, this book is a good reference for those who are studying or working in the field of physics, those who do not have English as their primary language, and those working in the countries that use French, Spanish, and German as their national language.
This book is divided into six sections and begins with an overview of the chemical and physical characteristics of fine particles such as particle size, shape, morphology, chemical composition, resistivity, and electric charge. Subsequent sections examine the health and environmental effects of particulate pollutants; emission sources and control of fine particulate air pollution; chemical and physical reactions, transport, and fate of fine particulate pollutants; and sampling, monitoring, and measurement of fine particulate pollutants. The final section looks at regulations for fine particles in countries such as Austria, Germany, France, Switzerland, United Kingdom, and the United States.
This monograph will be of interest to environmentalists as well as environmental policymakers and government officials concerned with air pollution control.
This fully updated edition of the bestselling Good Word Guide offers information and advice on spelling, grammar, punctuation, pronunciation, confusables and the latest buzzwords, and provides clear, straightforward answers to everyday language problems.
With a foreword by Martin Cutts, Research Director, Plain Language Commission.
'In every sense, a good word guide' Times Educational Supplement
'This intelligent guide is an essential addition to the bookshelves of all readers and writers' Good Book Guide
Emphasizing recent titles, the book focuses on English-language scholarly works. Arranged in topical chapters, the book opens with a section on general works, then covers travel works, history and archaeology, politics, minorities and religion in Kurdistan, society, economy, language and education, literature and folklore, and culture and arts.
Johnny Cash's popularity seems to have reached new heights during 1994, making this Catalog, along with the two earlier discographies, invaluable to fans, who will appreciate the comprehensive coverage. That coverage includes over 1,000 song titles on 228 different record labels, 431 singles, 108 extended-play albums, 1,408 long-play albums, and 254 compact discs from the United States, Canada, and 26 foreign countries.
Covering more than the published literature, the book also surveys memorabilia, artifacts, cultural icons, music, film, and exhibitions. Divided into three sections, the work opens with a historiographical survey of the literature, then includes descriptive lists of more peripheral material, and concludes with a bibliography of 674 entries. All items covered in the historiographical survey are included in the bibliography. This useful guide will appeal to researchers - both laymen and scholars - interested in the Titanic.