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* Assumes prior knowledge of Naive set theory, linear algebra,point set topology, basic complex variable, and realvariables.

* Includes an appendix on the Riesz representation theorem.

CONTENTS: 1. Introduction. 2. An abstract scattering theory. 3. A modified theory for second order equations with an indefinite energy form. 4. The Laplace-Beltrami operator for the modular group. 5. The automorphic wave equation. 6. Incoming and outgoing subspaces for the automorphic wave equations. 7. The scattering matrix for the automorphic wave equation. 8. The general case. 9. The Selberg trace formula.

Barron's popular "Painless Series " of study guides for middle school and high school students offer a lighthearted, often humorous approach to their subjects, transforming details that might once have seemed boring or difficult into a series of interesting and mentally challenging ideas. Most titles in the series feature many fun-to-solve "Brain Tickler" problems with answers at the end of each chapter.

If you are absolutely confused by absolute value equations, or you think parabolas are short moral stories, College Algebra DeMYSTiFied, Second Edition is your solution to mastering the topic's concepts and theories at your own pace. This thoroughly revised and updated guide eases you into the subject, beginning with the math fundamentals then introducing you to this advanced form of algebra. As you progress, you will learn how to simplify rational expressions, divide complex numbers, and solve quadratic equations. You will understand the difference between odd and even functions and no longer be confused by the multiplicity of zeros. Detailed examples make it easy to understand the material, and end-of-chapter quizzes and a final exam help reinforce key ideas.

It's a no-brainer! You'll learn about:

The x-y coordinate plane Lines and intercepts The FOIL method Functions Nonlinear equations Graphs of functions Exponents and logarithmsSimple enough for a beginner, but challenging enough for an advanced student, College Algebra DeMYSTiFieD, Second Edition is your shortcut to a working knowledge of this engaging subject.

Alpha Teach Yourself Algebra I in 24 Hours provides readers with a structured, self-paced, straight-forward tutorial on algebra. It's the perfect textbook companion for students struggling with algebra, a solid primer for those looking to get a head start on an upcoming class, and a welcome refresher for parents tasked with helping out with homework. The book provides 24 one-hour lessons, with each chapter designed to build on the previous one.

? Covers classifying number sets, expressions, polynomials, factoring, radicals, exponents and logarithms, and much more

? Each chapter ends with a quiz so readers can identify where they may need more help

Linear Sentences in One Variable

Segments, Lines, and Inequalities

Linear Sentences in Two Variables

Linear Equations in Three Variables

Polynomial Arithmetic

Factoring Polynomials

Rational Expressions

Relations and Functions

Polynomial Functions

Radicals and Complex Numbers

Quadratics in One Variable

Conic Sections

Quadratic Systems

Exponential and Logarithmic Functions

Sequences and Series

Additional Topics

Word Problems

Review Questions

Resource Center

Glossary

Written by two pioneers of the concept of math anxiety and how to overcome it, Arithmetic and Algebra Again has helped tens of thousands of people conquer their irrational fear of math.

This revised and expanded second edition of the perennial bestseller:

Features the latest techniques for breaking through common anxieties about numbers Takes a real-world approach that lets mathphobes learn the math they need as they need it Covers all key math areas--from whole numbers and fractions to basic algebra Features a section on practical math for banking, mortgages, interest, and statistics and probability Includes a new section on the graphing calculator, a chapter on the metric system, a section on word problems, and all updated exercisesTrying to tackle algebra but nothing's adding up? No problem! Factor in Algebra Demystified, Second Edition and multiply your chances of learning this important branch of mathematics.

Written in a step-by-step format, this practical guide covers fractions, variables, decimals, negative numbers, exponents, roots, and factoring. Techniques for solving linear and quadratic equations and applications are discussed in detail. Clear examples, concise explanations, and worked problems with complete solutions make it easy to understand the material, and end-of-chapter quizzes and a final exam help reinforce learning.

It's a no-brainer! You'll learn how to:

Translate English sentences into mathematical symbols Write the negative of numbers and variables Factor expressions Use the distributive property to expand expressions Solve applied problemsSimple enough for a beginner, but challenging enough for an advanced student, Algebra Demystified, Second Edition helps you master this essential math subject. It's also the perfect resource for preparing you for higher level math classes and college placement tests.

This popular study guide shows students easy ways to solve what they struggle with most in algebra: word problems. How to Solve Word Problems in Algebra, Second Edition, is ideal for anyone who wants to master these skills. Completely updated, with contemporary language and examples, features solution methods that are easy to learn and remember, plus a self-test.

The Essentials For Dummies Series

Dummies is proud to present our new series, The Essentials ForDummies. Now students who are prepping for exams, preparing tostudy new material, or who just need a refresher can have aconcise, easy-to-understand review guide that covers an entirecourse by concentrating solely on the most important concepts. Fromalgebra and chemistry to grammar and Spanish, our expert authorsfocus on the skills students most need to succeed in asubject.

The third edition contains major improvements and revisions throughout the book. More than 300 new exercises have been added since the previous edition. Many new examples have been added to illustrate the key ideas of linear algebra. New topics covered in the book include product spaces, quotient spaces, and dual spaces. Beautiful new formatting creates pages with an unusually pleasant appearance in both print and electronic versions.

No prerequisites are assumed other than the usual demand for suitable mathematical maturity. Thus the text starts by discussing vector spaces, linear independence, span, basis, and dimension. The book then deals with linear maps, eigenvalues, and eigenvectors. Inner-product spaces are introduced, leading to the finite-dimensional spectral theorem and its consequences. Generalized eigenvectors are then used to provide insight into the structure of a linear operator.

Fortunately for you, there's Schaum's.

More than 40 million students have trusted Schaum's to help them succeed in the classroom and on exams. Schaum's is the key to faster learning and higher grades in every subject. Each Outline presents all the essential course information in an easy-to-follow, topic-by-topic format. You also get hundreds of examples, solved problems, and practice exercises to test your skills.

This Schaum's Outline gives you

885 fully solved problems Complete review of all course fundamentalsFully compatible with your classroom text, Schaum's highlights all the important facts you need to know. Use Schaum's to shorten your study time--and get your best test scores!

Topics include: Fundamental Concepts; Polynomials; Rational Expressions; First-Degree Equations and Inequalities; Exponents, Roots, and Radicals; Second-Degree Equations and Inequalities; Systems of Equations and Inequalities; Relations and Functions; Exponential and Logarithmic Functions; and Sequences, Series, and the Binomial Theorem

Schaum's Outlines--Problem Solved.

Practice Makes Perfect: Algebra II presents thorough coverage of skills, such as handling decimals and fractions, functions, and linear and quadratic equations, as well as an introducing you to probability and trigonometry. Inside you will find the help you need for boosting your skills, preparing for an exam or re-introducing yourself to the subject. More than 500 exercises and answers covering all aspects of algebra will get you on your way to mastering algebra!

-- A natural transition from basic math to algebra, with a review of relevant concepts and operations.

-- An introduction to linear equations and functions, including graphing and inequalities.

-- Explanations of how to solve absolute-value equations and radical equations.

-- Instructions on how to perform operations on polynomials, and factoring.

-- An exploration of how to work with quadratic equations and quadratic functions; and rational expressions, equations, and functions.

-- Special sidebars pointing out the reasoning behind the techniques, which is an essential part of Common Core instruction.

-- Separate workbook section of extra Algebra practice problems-like getting two books in one!

Ready to learn math fundamentals but can't seem to get your brain to function? No problem! Add Pre-Algebra Demystified, Second Edition, to the equation and you'll solve your dilemma in no time.

Written in a step-by-step format, this practical guide begins by covering whole numbers, integers, fractions, decimals, and percents. You'll move on to expressions, equations, measurement, and graphing. Operations with monomials and polynomials are also discussed. Detailed examples, concise explanations, and worked problems make it easy to understand the material, and end-of-chapter quizzes and a final exam help reinforce learning.

It's a no-brainer! You'll learn:

Addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of whole numbers, integers, fractions, decimals, and algebraic expressions Techniques for solving equations and problems Measures of length, weight, capacity, and time Methods for plotting points and graphing linesSimple enough for a beginner, but challenging enough for an advanced student, Pre-Algebra Demystified, Second Edition, helps you master this essential mathematics subject. It's also the perfect way to review the topic if all you need is a quick refresh.

Along the way, you'll go beyond solving hundreds of repetitive problems, and actually use what you learn to make real-life decisions. Does it make sense to buy two years of insurance on a car that depreciates as soon as you drive it off the lot? Can you really afford an XBox 360 and a new iPhone? Learn how to put algebra to work for you, and nail your class exams along the way.

Your time is way too valuable to waste struggling with new concepts. Using the latest research in cognitive science and learning theory to craft a multi-sensory learning experience, Head First Algebra uses a visually rich format specifically designed to take advantage of the way your brain really works.

After a brief overview, the approach begins with elementary toposes and advances to internal category theory, topologies and sheaves, geometric morphisms, and logical aspects of topos theory. Additional topics include natural number objects, theorems of Deligne and Barr, cohomology, and set theory. Each chapter concludes with a series of exercises, and an appendix and indexes supplement the text.

Practice makes perfect—and helps deepen yourunderstanding of algebra by solving problems

1,001 Algebra I Practice Problems For Dummies, with freeaccess to online practice problems, takes you beyond theinstruction and guidance offered in Algebra I For Dummies,giving you 1,001 opportunities to practice solving problems fromthe major topics in algebra. You start with some basic operations,move on to algebraic properties, polynomials, and quadraticequations, and finish up with graphing. Every practice questionincludes not only a solution but a step-by-step explanation. Fromthe book, go online and find:

One year free subscription to all 1,001 practice problemsOn-the-go access any way you want it—from your computer,smart phone, or tabletMultiple choice questions on all you math course topicsPersonalized reports that track your progress and help show youwhere you need to study the mostCustomized practice sets for self-directed studyPractice problems categorized as easy, medium, or hardWhether you're studying algebra at the high school or collegelevel, the practice problems in 1,001 Algebra I PracticeProblems For Dummies give you a chance to practice andreinforce the skill s you learn in the classroom and help yourefine your understanding of algebra.

Note to readers: 1,001 Algebra I Practice Problems ForDummies, which only includes problems to solve, is a greatcompanion to Algebra I For Dummies, 2nd Edition which offerscomplete instruction on all topics in a typical Algebra Icourse.

In the first three chapters the authors briefly review the great explosions that will form the subject matter of the book--namely, supernovae and gamma-ray bursters. They describe the very early universe, after the Big Bang, and then how "the lights came on all over the universe as the very first stars began to shine." The importance of stellar mass in governing not only the lifetime of a star (the most massive stars live relatively short lives) but also the way in which a star ends its days is also explained.

Chapter 4 describes the explosion of certain massive stars, outlining the various stages at the end of these stars' lives, which result in the cataclysmic explosions known as supernovae. In Chapter 5 the authors introduce the more exotic and spectacular forms of stellar explosion known as gamma-ray bursters. Chapter 6 studies the markers used for cosmic surveys and Hubble's contributions to the field. The penultimate chapter looks at the very distant, highly luminous sources known as quasars and the evolution of our universe from the earliest times. The final chapter shows how observations of distant supernovae have revealed that the expansion of the universe is in fact accelerating--one of the most exciting and remarkable discoveries in recent years. It was this discovery that lead to the idea that 70% of the universe is made up of mysterious dark energy.

Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

And if this e-book leaves you wanting even more! more! more! there's The Math Dude's Quick and Dirty Guide to Algebra, with even more math number games, explanations, and—dare we say it—fun.

"The main object of this book is to dispel the fear of mathematics," declares author W. W. Sawyer, adding that "Many people regard mathematicians as a race apart, possessed of almost supernatural powers. While this is very flattering for successful mathematicians, it is very bad for those who, for one reason or another, are attempting to learn the subject." Now retired, Sawyer won international renown for his innovative teaching methods, which he used at colleges in England and Scotland as well as Africa, New Zealand, and North America. His insights into the pleasures and practicalities of mathematics will appeal to readers of all backgrounds.

Key features of Number Theory: Structures, Examples, and Problems:

* A rigorous exposition starts with the natural numbers and the basics.

* Important concepts are presented with an example, which may also emphasize an application. The exposition moves systematically and intuitively to uncover deeper properties.

* Topics include divisibility, unique factorization, modular arithmetic and the Chinese Remainder Theorem, Diophantine equations, quadratic residues, binomial coefficients, Fermat and Mersenne primes and other special numbers, and special sequences. Sections on mathematical induction and the pigeonhole principle, as well as a discussion of other number systems are covered.

* Unique exercises reinforce and motivate the reader, with selected solutions to some of the problems.

* Glossary, bibliography, and comprehensive index round out the text.

Written by distinguished research mathematicians and renowned teachers, this text is a clear, accessible introduction to the subject and a source of fascinating problems and puzzles, from advanced high school students to undergraduates, their instructors, and general readers at all levels.

Whether you're brushing up on pre-Algebra concepts or on your way toward mastering algebraic fractions, factoring, and functions, CliffsQuickReview Algebra I can help. This guide introduces each topic, defines key terms, and carefully walks you through each sample problem step-by-step. In no time, you'll be ready to tackle other concepts in this book such as

Equations, ratios, and proportionInequalities, graphing, and absolute valueCoordinate GeometryRoots and radicalsQuadratic equationsCliffsQuickReview Algebra I acts as a supplement to your textbook and to classroom lectures. Use this reference in any way that fits your personal style for study and review—you decide what works best with your needs. Here are just a few ways you can search for topics:

Use the free Pocket Guide full of essential informationGet a glimpse of what you'll gain from a chapter by reading through the Chapter Check-In at the beginning of each chapterUse the Chapter Checkout at the end of each chapter to gauge your grasp of the important information you need to knowTest your knowledge more completely in the CQR Review and look for additional sources of information in the CQR Resource CenterUse the glossary to find key terms fast.With titles available for all the most popular high school and college courses, CliffsQuickReview guides are a comprehensive resource that can help you get the best possible grades.

The focus throughout is rooted in the mathematical fundamentals, but the text also investigates a number of interesting applications, including a section on computer graphics, a chapter on numerical methods, and many exercises and examples using MATLAB. Meanwhile, many visuals and problems (a complete solutions manual is available to instructors) are included to enhance and reinforce understanding throughout the book.

Brief yet precise and rigorous, this work is an ideal choice for a one-semester course in linear algebra targeted primarily at math or physics majors. It is a valuable tool for any professor who teaches the subject.

The quickest route to learning a subject is through a solid grounding in the basics. So what you won’t find in Easy Algebra Step-by-Step is a lot of endless drills. Instead, you get a clear explanation that breaks down complex concepts into easy-to-understand steps, followed by highly focused exercises that are linked to core skills--enabling learners to grasp when and how to apply those techniques.

This book features: Large step-by-step charts breaking down each step within a process and showing clear connections between topics and annotations to clarify difficulties Stay-in-step panels show how to cope with variations to the core steps Step-it-up exercises link practice to the core steps already presented Missteps and stumbles highlight common errors to avoidYou can master algebra as long as you take it Step-by-Step!

"The author has an impressive knack for presenting the important and interesting ideas of algebra in just the right way, and he never gets bogged down in the dry formalism which pervades some parts of algebra." MATHEMATICAL REVIEWS

This book is intended as a basic text for a one-year course in algebra at the graduate level, or as a useful reference for mathematicians and professionals who use higher-level algebra. It successfully addresses the basic concepts of algebra. For the revised third edition, the author has added exercises and made numerous corrections to the text.

Key topics and features of Basic Algebra:

*Linear algebra and group theory build on each other continually

*Chapters on modern algebra treat groups, rings, fields, modules, and Galois groups, with emphasis on methods of computation throughout

*Three prominent themes recur and blend together at times: the analogy between integers and polynomials in one variable over a field, the interplay between linear algebra and group theory, and the relationship between number theory and geometry

*Many examples and hundreds of problems are included, along with a separate 90-page section giving hints or complete solutions for most of the problems

*The exposition proceeds from the particular to the general, often providing examples well before a theory that incorporates them; includes blocks of problems that introduce additional topics and applications for further study

*Applications to science and engineering (e.g., the fast Fourier transform, the theory of error-correcting codes, the use of the Jordan canonical form in solving linear systems of ordinary differential equations, and constructions of interest in mathematical physics) appear in sequences of problems

Basic Algebra presents the subject matter in a forward-looking way that takes into account its historical development. It is suitable as a text in a two-semester advanced undergraduate or first-year graduate sequence in algebra, possibly supplemented by some material from Advanced Algebra at the graduate level. It requires of the reader only familiarity with matrix algebra, an understanding of the geometry and reduction of linear equations, and an acquaintance with proofs.

The book is organized into 14 chapters, starting with programming concepts such as variables, assignments, input/output, and selection statements; moves onto loops; and then solves problems using both the ‘programming concept’ and the ‘power of MATLAB’ side-by-side. In-depth coverage is given to input/output, a topic that is fundamental to many engineering applications. Vectorized Code has been made into its own chapter, in order to emphasize the importance of using MATLAB efficiently. There are also expanded examples on low-level file input functions, Graphical User Interfaces, and use of MATLAB Version R2012b; modified and new end-of-chapter exercises; improved labeling of plots; and improved standards for variable names and documentation.

This book will be a valuable resource for engineers learning to program and model in MATLAB, as well as for undergraduates in engineering and science taking a course that uses (or recommends) MATLAB.

Presents programming concepts and MATLAB built-in functions side-by-sideSystematic, step-by-step approach, building on concepts throughout the book, facilitating easier learningSections on common pitfalls and programming guidelines direct students towards best practiceThough the book contains advanced material, such as cryptography on elliptic curves, Goppa codes using algebraic curves over finite fields, and the recent AKS polynomial primality test, the authors' objective has been to keep the exposition as self-contained and elementary as possible. Therefore the book will be useful to students and researchers, both in theoretical (e.g. mathematicians) and in applied sciences (e.g. physicists, engineers, computer scientists, etc.) seeking a friendly introduction to the important subjects treated here. The book will also be useful for teachers who intend to give courses on these topics.

Key features of Putnam and Beyond

* Preliminary material provides an overview of common methods of proof: argument by contradiction, mathematical induction, pigeonhole principle, ordered sets, and invariants.

* Each chapter systematically presents a single subject within which problems are clustered in every section according to the specific topic.

* The exposition is driven by more than 1100 problems and examples chosen from numerous sources from around the world; many original contributions come from the authors.

* Complete solutions to all problems are given at the end of the book. The source, author, and historical background are cited whenever possible.

This work may be used as a study guide for the Putnam exam, as a text for many different problem-solving courses, and as a source of problems for standard courses in undergraduate mathematics. Putnam and Beyond is organized for self-study by undergraduate and graduate students, as well as teachers and researchers in the physical sciences who wish to to expand their mathematical horizons.

Your hands-on guide to real-world applications of linear algebra

Does linear algebra leave you feeling lost? No worries —this easy-to-follow guide explains the how and the why of solving linear algebra problems in plain English. From matrices to vector spaces to linear transformations, you'll understand the key concepts and see how they relate to everything from genetics to nutrition to spotted owl extinction.Line up the basics — discover several different approaches to organizing numbers and equations, and solve systems of equations algebraically or with matricesRelate vectors and linear transformations — link vectors and matrices with linear combinations and seek solutions of homogeneous systemsEvaluate determinants — see how to perform the determinant function on different sizes of matrices and take advantage of Cramer's ruleHone your skills with vector spaces — determine the properties of vector spaces and their subspaces and see linear transformation in actionTackle eigenvalues and eigenvectors — define and solve for eigenvalues and eigenvectors and understand how they interact with specific matrices

Open the book and find:Theoretical and practical ways of solving linear algebra problemsDefinitions of terms throughout and in the glossaryNew ways of looking at operationsHow linear algebra ties together vectors, matrices, determinants, and linear transformationsTen common mathematical representations of Greek lettersReal-world applications of matrices and determinants

The author collects the main results in the field in this up-to-date, comprehensive reference volume. He highlights significant achievements in the area, and points to research directions and open problems. The book will be of interest to researchers and graduate students in theoretical computer science and mathematics, in particular those working in algebraic combinatorics and combinatorics on words. It will also be of interest to specialists in other branches of mathematics, theoretical physics, and computational biology.

The author collects the main results in the field in this up-to-date, comprehensive reference volume. He highlights significant achievements in the area, and points to research directions and open problems. The book will be of interest to researchers and graduate students in theoretical computer science and mathematics, in particular those working in algebraic combinatorics and combinatorics on words. It will also be of interest to specialists in other branches of mathematics, theoretical physics, and computational biology.

The second part of the book begins with a consideration of various types of matrices encountered in statistics, such as projection matrices and positive definite matrices, and describes the special properties of those matrices. The second part also describes some of the many applications of matrix theory in statistics, including linear models, multivariate analysis, and stochastic processes. The brief coverage in this part illustrates the matrix theory developed in the first part of the book. The first two parts of the book can be used as the text for a course in matrix algebra for statistics students, or as a supplementary text for various courses in linear models or multivariate statistics.

The third part of this book covers numerical linear algebra. It begins with a discussion of the basics of numerical computations, and then describes accurate and efficient algorithms for factoring matrices, solving linear systems of equations, and extracting eigenvalues and eigenvectors. Although the book is not tied to any particular software system, it describes and gives examples of the use of modern computer software for numerical linear algebra. This part is essentially self-contained, although it assumes some ability to program in Fortran or C and/or the ability to use R/S-Plus or Matlab. This part of the book can be used as the text for a course in statistical computing, or as a supplementary text for various courses that emphasize computations.

The book includes a large number of exercises with some solutions provided in an appendix.