The highly-anticipated paperback edition of The Elements is finally available.
An eye-opening, original collection of gorgeous, never-before-seen photographic representations of the 118 elements in the periodic table.
The elements are what we, and everything around us, are made of. But how many elements has anyone actually seen in pure, uncombined form? The Elements provides this rare opportunity. Based on seven years of research and photography, the pictures in this book make up the most complete, and visually arresting, representation available to the naked eye of every atom in the universe. Organized in order of appearance on the periodic table, each element is represented by a spread that includes a stunning, full-page, full-color photograph that most closely represents it in its purest form. For example, at -183°C, oxygen turns from a colorless gas to a beautiful pale blue liquid.
Also included are fascinating facts, figures, and stories of the elements as well as data on the properties of each, including atomic weight, density, melting and boiling point, valence, electronegativity, and the year and location in which it was discovered. Several additional photographs show each element in slightly altered forms or as used in various practical ways. The element's position on the periodic table is pinpointed on a mini rendering of the table and an illustrated scale of the element's boiling and/or melting points appears on each page along with a density scale that runs along the bottom.
Packed with interesting information, this combination of solid science and stunning artistic photographs is the perfect gift book for every sentient creature in the universe.
Includes a tear-out poster of Theodore Gray's iconic Photographic Periodic Table!
The Essentials For Dummies Series
Dummies is proud to present our new series, The Essentials For Dummies. Now students who are prepping for exams, preparing to study new material, or who just need a refresher can have a concise, easy-to-understand review guide that covers an entire course by concentrating solely on the most important concepts. From algebra and chemistry to grammar and Spanish, our expert authors focus on the skills students most need to succeed in a subject.
With lively prose and an eye for colorful and unusual details, Le Couteur and Burreson offer a novel way to understand the shaping of civilization and the workings of our contemporary world.
This edition includes greatly expanded focus on stem cells, including adult and embryonic stem cells and progenitor populations that may soon lead to new tissue engineering therapies for heart disease, diabetes, and a wide variety of other diseases that afflict humanity. This up-to-date coverage of stem cell biology and other emerging technologies is complemented by a series of new chapters on recent clinical experience in applying tissue engineering. The result is a comprehensive textbook that we believe will be useful to students and experts alike.
New to this edition:
*Includes new chapters on biomaterial-protein interactions, nanocomposite and three-dimensional scaffolds, skin substitutes, spinal cord, vision enhancement, and heart valves
*Expanded coverage of adult and embryonic stem cells of the cardiovascular, hematopoietic, musculoskeletal, nervous, and other organ systems
Essentials of Chemical Reaction Engineering is a complete yet concise, modern introduction to chemical reaction engineering for undergraduate students. While the classic Elements of Chemical Reaction Engineering, Fourth Edition, is still available, H. Scott Fogler distilled that larger text into this volume of essential topics for undergraduate students.
Fogler’s unique way of presenting the material helps students gain a deep, intuitive understanding of the field’s essentials through reasoning, not memorization. He especially focuses on important new energy and safety issues, ranging from solar and biomass applications to the avoidance of runaway reactions.
Thoroughly classroom tested, this text reflects feedback from hundreds of students at the University of Michigan and other leading universities. It also provides new resources to help students discover how reactors behave in diverse situations.
Coverage includesCrucial safety topics, including ammonium nitrate CSTR explosions, nitroaniline and T2 Laboratories batch reactor runaways, and SAChE/CCPS resources Greater emphasis on safety: following the recommendations of the Chemical Safety Board (CSB) 2 case studies from plant explosions and two homework problems which discuss another explosion. Solar energy conversions: chemical, thermal, and catalytic water spilling Algae production for biomass Mole balances: batch, continuous-flow, and industrial reactors Conversion and reactor sizing: design equations, reactors in series, and more Rate laws and stoichiometry Isothermal reactor design: conversion and molar flow rates Collection and analysis of rate data Multiple reactions: parallel, series, and complex reactions; membrane reactors; and more Reaction mechanisms, pathways, bioreactions, and bioreactors Catalysis and catalytic reactors Nonisothermal reactor design: steady-state energy balance and adiabatic PFR applications Steady-state nonisothermal reactor design: flow reactors with heat exchange
First published in 1934, Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook has equipped generations of engineers and chemists with an expert source of chemical engineering information and data. Now updated to reflect the latest technology and processes of the new millennium, the Eighth Edition of this classic guide provides unsurpassed coverage of every aspect of chemical engineering-from fundamental principles to chemical processes and equipment to new computer applications.
Filled with over 700 detailed illustrations, the Eighth Edition of Perry's Chemcial Engineering Handbook features:Comprehensive tables and charts for unit conversion A greatly expanded section on physical and chemical data New to this edition: the latest advances in distillation, liquid-liquid extraction, reactor modeling, biological processes, biochemical and membrane separation processes, and chemical plant safety practices with accident case histories
Inside This Updated Chemical Engineering GuideConversion Factors and Mathematical Symbols • Physical and Chemical Data • Mathematics • Thermodynamics • Heat and Mass Transfer • Fluid and Particle Dynamics Reaction Kinetics • Process Control • Process Economics • Transport and Storage of Fluids • Heat Transfer Equipment • Psychrometry, Evaporative Cooling, and Solids Drying • Distillation • Gas Absorption and Gas-Liquid System Design • Liquid-Liquid Extraction Operations and Equipment • Adsorption and Ion Exchange • Gas-Solid Operations and Equipment • Liquid-Solid Operations and Equipment • Solid-Solid Operations and Equipment • Size Reduction and Size Enlargement • Handling of Bulk Solids and Packaging of Solids and Liquids • Alternative Separation Processes • And Many Other Topics!
Includes New and Updated Material
Now in its second edition, this work is the culmination of research and discussions with technical experts, as well as USP and FDA representatives on various topics of interest to the pharmaceutical microbiologist and those responsible for the microbial quality of products, materials, equipment, and manufacturing facilities. New in this edition is an entire chapter dedicated to the topic of biofilms and their impact on pharmaceutical and biopharmaceutical operations. The subject of rapid methods in microbiology has been expanded and includes a discussion on the validation of alternative microbiological methods and a case study on microbial identification in support of a product contamination investigation.
Substantially updated and revised, this book assists readers in understanding the fundamental issues associated with pharmaceutical microbiology and provides them with tools to create effective microbial contamination control and microbial testing programs for the areas under their responsibility.
Presenting theoretical knowledge and applied practical considerations, this title
provides an in-depth discussion of recent advances in sterilization
identifies obstacles that may be encountered at any stage of the validation program, and suggests the newest and most advanced solutions
explores distinctive and specific process steps, and identifies critical process control points to reach acceptable results
blends the use of theoretical knowledge with recent technological advancements to achieve applied practical solutions
At the outset the text explains the various key terms of thermodynamics with suitable examples and then thoroughly deals with the virial and cubic equations of state by showing the P-V-T (pressure, molar volume and temperature) relation of fluids. It elaborates on the first and second laws of thermodynamics and their applications with the help of numerous engineering examples. The text further discusses the concepts of exergy, standard property changes of chemical reactions, thermodynamic property relations and fugacity. The book also includes detailed discussions on residual and excess properties of mixtures, various activity coefficient models, local composition models, and group contribution methods. In addition, the text focuses on vapour-liquid and other phase equilibrium calculations, and analyzes chemical reaction equilibria and adiabatic reaction temperature for systems with complete and incomplete conversion of reactants.
Includes a large number of fully worked-out examples to help students master the concepts discussed.
Provides well-graded problems with answers at the end of each chapter to test and foster students’ conceptual understanding of the subject. The total number of solved examples and end-chapter exercises in the book are over 600.
Contains chapter summaries that review the major concepts covered.
The book is primarily designed for the undergraduate students of chemical engineering and its related disciplines such as petroleum engineering and polymer engineering. It can also be useful to professionals.
The Solution Manual containing the complete worked-out solutions to chapter-end exercises and problems is available for instructors.
The text describes the radiation crosslinking of solutions and discusses the electrical conduction of saturated organic polymers. Another topic of interest is the surface tension and density of polyethylene glycol. The section that follows describes the reactivity and comonomer structure of copolymers.
The book will provide valuable insights for chemists, students, and researchers in the field of organic chemistry.
Water Insolubility is the Primary Culprit in over 40% of New Drug Development Failures
The most comprehensive resource on the topic, this second edition of Water Insoluble Drug Formulation brings together a distinguished team of experts to provide the scientific background and step-by-step guidance needed to deal with solubility issues in drug development. Twenty-three chapters systematically describe solubility properties and their impact on formulation, from theory to industrial practice. With detailed discussion on how these properties contribute to solubilization and dissolution, the text also features six brand new chapters on water-insoluble drugs, exploring regulatory aspects, pharmacokinetic behavior, early phase formulation strategies, lipid based systems for oral delivery, modified release of insoluble drugs, and scalable manufacturing aspects. The book includes more than 15 water-insoluble drug delivery systems or technologies, illustrated with case studies featuring oral and parenteral applications. Highlighting the most current information and data available, this seminal volume reflects the significant progress that has been made in nearly all aspects of this field.
This new edition retains its design-led focus and strong emphasis on visual communication while expanding its treatment of crystallography and phase diagrams and transformations to fully meet the needs of instructors teaching a first-year course in materials. The book is fully linked with the leading materials software package used in over 600 academic institutions worldwide as well as numerous government and commercial engineering departments.Winner of a 2014 Texty Award from the Text and Academic Authors AssociationDesign-led approach motivates and engages students in the study of materials science and engineering through real-life case studies and illustrative applicationsHighly visual full color graphics facilitate understanding of materials concepts and propertiesChapters on materials selection and design are integrated with chapters on materials fundamentals, enabling students to see how specific fundamentals can be important to the design processAvailable solutions manual, lecture slides, online image bank and materials selection charts for use in class handouts or lecture presentationsLinks with the Cambridge Engineering Selector (CES EduPack), the powerful materials selection software
Applicable to a broad range of technicians and industries and fully updated throughout, A Working Guide to Process Equipment, Fourth Edition, explains how to diagnose, troubleshoot, and correct problems with chemical and petroleum refining process equipment. Nine new chapters cover:Tray design details Shell-and-tube heat exchanger design details Relief valve system design Vapor lock and exchanger flooding in steam systems Steam generation operating and design details Wastewater strippers Thermodynamics -- how it applies to process equipment Centrifugal pumps -- reducing seal and bearing failures Hand calculations for distillation towers Vapor -- liquid equilibrium, absorption, and stripping calculations
Filled with examples and illustrations, this practical resource demonstrates how theory applies to solving real-world plant operation problems. Selected hand calculation methods are also provided.
Comprehensive coverage includes:
Distillation Tower Trays * Tower Pressure Control * Distillation Towers * Reboilers * Tower Internals * Instruments * Packed Towers * Steam and Condensate Systems * Bubble Point and Dew Point * Steam Strippers * Draw-Off Nozzle Hydraulics * Pumparounds and Tower Heat Flows * Condensers and Tower Pressure Control * Air Coolers * Deaerators and Steam Systems * Steam Generation * Wastewater Strippers * Vacuum Systems * Steam Turbines * Surface Condensers * Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers * Fired Heaters * Refrigeration Systems * Cooling Water Systems * Catalytic Effects * Centrifugal Pumps * Control Valves * Separators * Centrifugal Compressors and Surge * Reciprocating Compressors * Corrosion * Fluid Flow in Pipes * Super-Fractionation Stage * Computer Control * Field Troubleshooting
* Covers the technologies and operations of petroleum refineries
* Provides material on operating a jointly owned and operated refinery
* Gives readers a comprehensive introduction to petroleum refining, as well as a full reference to engineers in the field
Material has been added and revised to reflect the greater weight now being placed upon the cost-effective operation of ships; in terms of greater equipment reliability, more fuel-efficient engines, the ever-increasing shift towards automatically operated machinery, and the need for fewer engineering crew. This is an invaluable guide for professionals but equally covers the requirements for Class 4 and Class 3 Engineer's Certificates of Competency, the first two years of the Engineer Cadet Training Scheme, and the Engineering Knowledge syllabus for the Master's Certificate.
Bisesi and Kohn's Industrial Hygiene Evaluation Methods, Second Edition introduces basic methods for evaluating work and some non-work environments in order to detect and measure physical, chemical and biological agents, as well as hazardous ergonomic factors. The book is divided into relatively short units that provide concise overviews and descriptions of basic concepts. Each unit is followed by practical technical exercises. These exercises foster the understanding of basic industrial hygiene principles and practices for collection, detection, identification, calculation, and interpretation of qualitative and quantitative data. Exercises can be conducted in a setting in which agents and other factors are detectable and measurable. Alternatively, the simulated evaluation exercises that are included can be conducted in a classroom or laboratory.
This book is an introductory reference for environmental and occupational health and safety students and practitioners. It is an indispensable tool that illustrates methods fundamental to industrial hygiene practice, and is just as valuable in the professional's office as it is in the classroom.
The book is supported by detailed, proven and effective commission templates, plus extensive commissioning scenarios that enable the reader to learn the context of good commissioning practice from an experienced commissioning manager. It focuses on the critical safety assessment and inspection regimes necessary to ensure that new plants are compliant with OSHA and environmental requirements. Martin Killcross has brought together the theory of textbooks and technical information obtained from sales literature, in order to provide engineers with what they need to know before initiating talks with vendors regarding equipment selection.Unique information from a respected, global commissioning manager: delivers the know-how to succeed for anyone commissioning new plant or equipmentComes with online commissioning process templates that make this title a working tool kit as well as a key reference Extensive examples of successful commissioning processes with step-by-step guidance enable readers to understand the function and performance of the wide range of tasks required in the commissioning process
Topics covered in the handbook include:Processes to enhance productionWell modification to maximize oil and gas recoveryCompletion and evaluation of wells, well testing, and well surveys
Reservoir Engineering Handbook, Fourth Edition provides solid information and insight for engineers and students alike on maximizing production from a field in order to obtain the best possible economic return. With this handbook, professionals will find a valuable reference for understanding the key relationships among the different operating variables. Examples contained in this reference demonstrate the performance of processes under forceful conditions through a wide variety of applications.
• Fundamental for the advancement of reservoir engineering concepts
• Step-by-step field performance calculations
• Easy to understand analysis of oil recovery mechanisms
• Step-by-step analysis of oil recovery mechanisms
• New chapter on fractured reservoirs
Basic Principles and Calculations in Chemical Engineering, Eighth Edition goes far beyond traditional introductory chemical engineering topics, presenting applications that reflect the full scope of contemporary chemical, petroleum, and environmental engineering. Celebrating its fiftieth Anniversary as the field’s leading practical introduction, it has been extensively updated and reorganized to cover today’s principles and calculations more efficiently, and to present far more coverage of bioengineering, nanoengineering, and green engineering.
Offering a strong foundation of skills and knowledge for successful study and practice, it guides students through formulating and solving material and energy balance problems, as well as describing gases, liquids, and vapors. Throughout, the authors introduce efficient, consistent, student-friendly methods for solving problems, analyzing data, and gaining a conceptual, application-based understanding of modern chemical engineering processes. This edition’s improvements include many new problems, examples, and homework assignments.
Coverage includesModular chapters designed to support introductory chemical engineering courses of any length
Thorough introductions to unit conversions, basis selection, and process measurements Consistent, sound strategies for solving material and energy balance problems Clear introductions to key concepts ranging from stoichiometry to enthalpy Behavior of gases, liquids, and solids: ideal/real gases, single component two-phase systems, gas-liquid systems, and more Self-assessment questions to help readers identify areas they don’t fully understand
Thought/discussion and homework problems in every chapter
New biotech and bioengineering problems throughout
New examples and homework on nanotechnology, environmental engineering, and green engineering
Extensive tables, charts, and glossaries in each chapte
Many new student projects
Reference appendices presenting atomic weights and numbers, Pitzer Z factors, heats of formation and combustion, and more
Practical, readable, and exceptionally easy to use, Basic Principles and Calculations in Chemical Engineering, Eighth Edition, is the definitive chemical engineering introduction for students, license candidates, practicing engineers, and scientists.
This is the digital version of the print title. Access to the CD content that accompanies the print title is available through product registration. See the instructions in back pages of your digital edition.
CD-ROM INCLUDESThe latest Polymath trial software for solving linear, nonlinear, and differential equations and regression problems
Point-and-click physical property database containing 700+ compounds Supplemental Problems Workbook containing 100+ solved problems
Descriptions and animations of modern process equipment Chapters on degrees of freedom, process simulation, and unsteady-state material balances
Expert advice for beginners on problem-solving in chemical engineering
Gas-Liquid And Liquid-Liquid Separators is divided into six parts: Part one and two covers fundamentals such as: physical properties, phase behaviour and calculations. Part three through five is dedicated to topics such as: separator construction, factors affecting separation, vessel operation, and separator operation considerations. Part six is devoted to the ASME codes governing wall thickness determination of vessel weight fabrication, inspection, alteration and repair of separators500 illustrationsEasy to understand calculations methodsGuide for protecting downstream equipmentHelps reduce the loss of expensive intermediate endsHelps increase product purity
*Completely revised and updated throughout
*The definative guide for process engineers and designers
*Covers a complete range of basic day-to-day operation topics
Now in its 5th Edition, the highly acclaimed Principles of Food Sanitation provides sanitation information needed to ensure hygienic practices and safe food for food industry personnel as well as students. The highly acclaimed textbook and reference addresses the principles related to contamination, cleaning compounds, sanitizers, cleaning equipment. It also presents specific directions for applying these concepts to attain hygienic conditions in food processing or food preparation operations.
New features in this edition include:
A new chapter on the concerns about biosecurity and food sanitation
Updated chapters on the fundamentals of food sanitation, contamination sources and hygiene, Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points, cleaning and sanitizing equipment, and waste handling disposal
Comprehensive and concise discussion about sanitation of low-, intermediate-, and high-moisture foods
Five features of this book that make it distinctive are:Most current “How to” book on leading a food safety department from the perspective of a respected national brandProvides the proper organization and methods to manage the work necessary to ensure food safety within the organization Provides the means to utilize risk-based decisions linked to business practices that accommodate a business analysis model Demonstrates step-by-step examples that can be used for continuous improvement in sustaining food safety responsibilities Provides examples on how to gain influence and obtain resources to support food safety responsibilities
Development and use of robust analytical methods is critical for the ability to generate accurate analytical data. Sample preparation is an integral part of the analytical method. In a survey conducted by LC-GC1, responses indicated that approximately two-thirds of the time spent testing and analyzing samples was spent on the sample preparation portion of the method. In addition, issues related to sample preparation accounted for one-third of the errors generated while performing an analytical method.
A number of challenges exist in the sample preparation/extraction of pharmaceutical dosage forms for potency and purity analysis as well as isolation and identification of impurities and degradants. These challenges increase for complex dosage forms such as some controlled release formulations and other challenging formulations such as suspensions, ointments, transdermal patches, etc. Challenges in developing rapid and rugged sample preparation methods include complete dispersion of the dosage form to facilitate extraction and solubilization of the analytes of interest, dealing with extracted interfering components and addressing drug-excipient interactions. A number of factors must be considered and addressed in each of these areas.
The objective of Sample Preparation of Pharmaceutical Dosage Forms is to provide an overview of the various sample preparation and extraction techniques available for pharmaceutical dosage forms. In addition to the review and discussion of specific techniques, sample preparation method development and trouble shooting strategies are discussed. Multiple examples and case studies are presented to highlight various potential issues and solutions.
Advanced Dairy Chemistry Volume 3: Lactose, Water, Salts, and Minor Constituents, Third Edition, reviews the extensive literature on lactose and its significance in milk products. This volume also reviews the literature on milk salts, vitamins, milk flavors and off-flavors and the behaviour of water in dairy products.
Most topics covered in the second edition are retained in the current edition, which has been updated and expanded considerably. New chapters cover chemically and enzymatically prepared derivatives of lactose and oligosaccharides indigenous to milk.
P.L.H. McSweeney Ph.D. is Associate Professor of Food Chemistry and P.F. Fox Ph.D., D.Sc. is Professor Emeritus of Food Chemistry at University College, Cork, Ireland.
The book bridges the gap between two approaches: one based on intuitive skills and experience and the other based on computer skills and analytical techniques. Examining the results when experiential intuition marries unfathomable precision, this book discusses:The latest building codes, including ASCE/SEI 7-05, IBC-06/09, ACI 318-05/08, and ASCE/SEI 41-06 Recent developments in studies of seismic vulnerability and retrofit design Earthquake hazard mitigation technology, including seismic base isolation, passive energy dissipation, and damping systems Lateral bracing concepts and gravity-resisting systems Performance based design trends Dynamic response spectrum and equivalent lateral load procedures
Using realistic examples throughout, Dr. Taranath shows how to create sound, cost-efficient high rise structures. His lucid and thorough explanations provide the tools required to derive systems that gracefully resist the battering forces of nature while addressing the specific needs of building owners, developers, and architects. The book is packed with broad-ranging material from fundamental principles to the state-of-the-art technologies and includes techniques thoroughly developed to be highly adaptable. Offering complete guidance, instructive examples, and color illustrations, the author develops several approaches for designing tall buildings. He demonstrates the benefits of blending imaginative problem solving and rational analysis for creating better structural systems.
In Uncle Tungsten we meet Sacks’ extraordinary family, from his surgeon mother (who introduces the fourteen-year-old Oliver to the art of human dissection) and his father, a family doctor who imbues in his son an early enthusiasm for housecalls, to his “Uncle Tungsten,” whose factory produces tungsten-filament lightbulbs. We follow the young Oliver as he is exiled at the age of six to a grim, sadistic boarding school to escape the London Blitz, and later watch as he sets about passionately reliving the exploits of his chemical heroes–in his own home laboratory. Uncle Tungsten is a crystalline view of a brilliant young mind springing to life, a story of growing up which is by turns elegiac, comic, and wistful, full of the electrifying joy of discovery.
From formulas and lab techniques to the periodic table, Chemistry for the Utterly Confused focuses on the areas of maximum confusion and breaks down the most difficult chemistry topics into easy-to-understand concepts. This invaluable guide also teaches problem-solving skills you need to master this imposing subject. Whether you're in high school, in college, or simply brushing up on chemistry knowledge, this fun, easily accessible book will make understanding chemistry a breeze.
This textbook is designed for use in a standard two-semester engineering thermodynamics course sequence, with the goal of helping students develop engineering problem solving skills through the use of structured problem-solving techniques. The first half of the text contains material suitable for a basic Thermodynamics course taken by engineers from all majors. The second half of the text is suitable for an Applied Thermodynamics course in mechanical engineering programs. The Second Law of Thermodynamics is introduced through a basic entropy concept, providing students a more intuitive understanding of this key course topic. Property Values are discussed before the First Law of Thermodynamics to ensure students have a firm understanding of property data before using them. Over 200 worked examples and more than 1,300 end of chapter problems provide an extensive opportunity to practice solving problems. For greater instructor flexibility at exam time, thermodynamic tables are provided in a separate accompanying booklet.
University students in mechanical, chemical, and general engineering taking a thermodynamics course will find this book extremely helpful.Provides the reader with clear presentations of the fundamental principles of basic and applied engineering thermodynamics.Helps students develop engineering problem solving skills through the use of structured problem-solving techniques.Introduces the Second Law of Thermodynamics through a basic entropy concept, providing students a more intuitive understanding of this key course topic.Covers Property Values before the First Law of Thermodynamics to ensure students have a firm understanding of property data before using them.Over 200 worked examples and more than 1,300 end of chapter problems offer students extensive opportunity to practice solving problems.Historical Vignettes, Critical Thinking boxes and Case Studies throughout the book help relate abstract concepts to actual engineering applications. For greater instructor flexibility at exam time, thermodynamic tables are provided in a separate accompanying booklet.
Separation Process Engineering, Third Edition, is the most comprehensive, accessible guide available on modern separation processes and the fundamentals of mass transfer. Phillip C. Wankat teaches each key concept through detailed, realistic examples using real data–including up-to-date simulation practice and new spreadsheet-based exercises.
Wankat thoroughly covers each of today’s leading approaches, including flash, column, and batch distillation; exact calculations and shortcut methods for multicomponent distillation; staged and packed column design; absorption; stripping; and more. In this edition, he also presents the latest design methods for liquid-liquid extraction. This edition contains the most detailed coverage available of membrane separations and of sorption separations (adsorption, chromatography, and ion exchange).
Updated with new techniques and references throughout, Separation Process Engineering, Third Edition, also contains more than 300 new homework problems, each tested in the author’s Purdue University classes.
Coverage includesModular, up-to-date process simulation examples and homework problems, based on Aspen Plus and easily adaptable to any simulator Extensive new coverage of mass transfer and diffusion, including both Fickian and Maxwell-Stefan approaches Detailed discussions of liquid-liquid extraction, including McCabe-Thiele, triangle and computer simulation analyses; mixer-settler design; Karr columns; and related mass transfer analyses Thorough introductions to adsorption, chromatography, and ion exchange–designed to prepare students for advanced work in these areas Complete coverage of membrane separations, including gas permeation, reverse osmosis, ultrafiltration, pervaporation, and key applications A full chapter on economics and energy conservation in distillation Excel spreadsheets offering additional practice with problems in distillation, diffusion, mass transfer, and membrane separation
*Contains thorough tutorial treatments, coupled with coverage of advanced topics
*Three of the four holders of the prestigious Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Medical Imaging Scientist Award are chapter contributors
*Include color artwork
College success for virtually all science, computing, engineering, and premedical majors depends in part on passing chemistry. The skills learned in chemistry courses are applicable to a number of fields, and chemistry courses are essential to students who are studying to become nurses, doctors, pharmacists, clinical technicians, engineers, and many more among the fastest-growing professions. But if you're like a lot of students who are confused by chemistry, it can seem like a daunting task to tackle the subject. That's where Chemistry II For Dummies can help!
Here, you'll get plain-English, easy-to-understand explanations of everything you'll encounter in your Chemistry II class. Whether chemistry is your chosen area of study, a degree requirement, or an elective, you'll get the skills and confidence to score high and enhance your understanding of this often-intimidating subject. So what are you waiting for?Presents straightforward information on complex concepts Tracks to a typical Chemistry II course Serves as an excellent supplement to classroom learning Helps you understand difficult subject matter with confidence and ease
Packed with approachable information and plenty of practice opportunities, Chemistry II For Dummies is just what you need to make the grade.
Featuring a mix of philosophy, rituals, spiritual practice, and lifestyle issues, The Druidry Handbook is one-stop shopping for those seriously interested in practicing a traditional form of Druidry. It offers equal value to eclectics and solitary practitioners eager to incorporate more earth-spirituality into their own belief system; it also appeals to the merely curious.
John Michael Greer has been a student of the occult traditions and nature spirituality for more than 25 years. He began following the Druid path in 1993 with initiation in the Order of Bards, Ovates, and Druids (OBOD). In 2003, he received OBOD's Mount Haemus Award for Druid scholarship and later the same year was elected Grand Archdruid of the Ancient Order of Druids in America (AODA). Greer is the author of numerous articles and ten books, including Paths of Wisdom, Circles of Power, Inside a Magical Lodge, Natural Magic, Monsters, and The New Encyclopedia of the Occult. He recently coauthored Learning Ritual Magic.
Philip Carr-Gomm is Chief of the Order of Bards, Ovates and Druids. Philip is the author of a number of works on Druidry, and since the publication of his first book in 1991 he has been in demand worldwide for radio, television and newspaper interviews.
• It is the first comprehensive text ever written on the subject of duplex systems, which is the generic term for painted hot-dip galvanized steel.
• Both the traditional batch hot-dip galvanizing process and the modern sheet galvanizing processes are covered.
• The author offers a combination of practical information, which will enable the engineer to select the proper materials, and scientific background information.
• The practical guidelines are backed up and supported by an impressive amount of technical and scientific discussions and justifications.
• Modern surface analysis tools and recent applications are described.
• The world literature on the subject matter is covered and is up to date.
Duplex systems, which are based on the synergistic effect of galvanizing and painting, offer maximum protection against corrosion of steel surfaces in environments where galvanized steel alone cannot offer a sufficiently long resistance against rust formation. Since adhesion problems can be eliminated by the correct application of special paint products, and by sophisticated surface pretreatment and modern surface analyzing methods, duplex systems are nowadays used in a large number of industrial and domestic applications. Major savings can thus be achieved on materials and maintenance cost. Duplex systems serve also where colour is required, e.g. for aesthetic reasons, for enhancing visibility or for camouflaging.
The author of this book has an unsurpassed experience in this field and the many case histories of successful (and unsuccessful) use of duplex systems for corrosion prevention provide a wealth of practical information. Including 108 colour illustrations, the book will be useful to a large group of industries, such as the paint, metallurgical, galvanizing, building, automotive, electrical and chemical industries.
The Third Edition includes new exercises in each chapter that provide practice in a technique immediately after discussion or example and encourage self-study. The first ten chapters are constructed around a sequence of mathematical topics, with a gradual progression into more advanced material. The final chapter discusses mathematical topics needed in the analysis of experimental data.
* Numerous examples and problems interspersed throughout the presentations
* Each extensive chapter contains a preview, objectives, and summary
* Includes topics not found in similar books, such as a review of general algebra and an introduction to group theory
* Provides chemistry specific instruction without the distraction of abstract concepts or theoretical issues in pure mathematics
The seventh edition is restructured into three parts: Basic Concepts, Nuclear Power (including new chapters on nuclear power plants and introduction to reactor theory), and Radiation and Its Uses. Part Two in particular has been updated with current developments, including a new section on Reactor Safety and Security (with a discussion of the Fukushima Diiachi accident); updated information on naval and space propulsion; and revised and updated information on radioactive waste storage, transportation, and disposal. Part Three features new content on biological effects of radiation, radiation standards, and radiation detection.Coverage of energy economics integrated into appropriate chaptersMore worked examples and end of chapter exercisesUpdated final chapter on nuclear explosions for current geopolitical developments
This book discusses a wide range of topics, including discretization of the domain; interpolation models; higher order and isoparametric elements; derivation of element matrices and vectors; assembly of element matrices and vectors and derivation of system equations; numerical solution of finite element equations; basic equations of fluid mechanics; inviscid and irrotational flows; solution of quasi-harmonic equations; and solutions of Helmhotz and Reynolds equations. New to this edition are examples and applications in Matlab, Ansys, and Abaqus; structured problem solving approach in all worked examples; and new discussions throughout, including the direct method of deriving finite element equations, use of strong and weak form formulations, complete treatment of dynamic analysis, and detailed analysis of heat transfer problems. All figures are revised and redrawn for clarity.
This book will benefit professional engineers, practicing engineers learning finite element methods, and students in mechanical, structural, civil, and aerospace engineering.Examples and applications in Matlab, Ansys, and AbaqusStructured problem solving approach in all worked examplesNew discussions throughout, including the direct method of deriving finite element equations, use of strong and weak form formulations, complete treatment of dynamic analysis, and detailed analysis of heat transfer problemsMore examples and exercisesAll figures revised and redrawn for clarity
Trying to understand chemistry but feel like the information's just not bonding with your brain? Here's your solution. Chemistry Demystified, Second Edition, helps you grasp both fundamental and complex concepts with ease.
Written in a step-by-step format, this practical guide first covers atomic theory, elements, symbols, and the Periodic Table of the Elements. The book then delves into solids, liquids, gases, solutions, orbitals, chemical bonds, acids, and bases. Electrochemistry, thermodynamics, biochemistry, and organic, environmental, and nuclear chemistry are discussed. In-depth examples, detailed illustrations, and worked-out problems make it easy to understand the material, and end-of-chapter quizzes and a final exam help reinforce learning.
It's a no-brainer! You'll learn about:Molecular and structural formulas Metallurgy Gas laws Molar mass Molecular orbital theory Covalent and ionic bonds Oxidation/reduction The laws of thermodynamics Organic reactions Biological and environmental markers
Simple enough for a beginner, but challenging enough for an advanced student, Chemistry Demystified, Second Edition, helps you master this fascinating subject.
Kratom and Other Mitragynines: The Chemistry and Pharmacology of Opioids from a Non-Opium Sourcepresents an introduction to the chemical and biological properties of alkaloids isolated from M. speciosa as well as their synthetic analogs. The book covers various topics including phytochemistry, medicinal chemistry, and pharmacology. Current research, analgesic effects, and addiction potential are also discussed. As the first extensive text on the basic science and clinical use of Kratom, the book provides readers with a concise yet comprehensive introduction to nature’s "other opioid."
Each chapter is self-contained and features an introduction that identifies its basic goals, their significance, and a general plan for their achievement. This text's important aims are to demonstrate that the basic kinetic principles are essential to the solution of modern chemical problems, and to show how the underlying question — "How do chemical reactions occur?" — leads to exciting, vibrant fields of modern research. The first aim is achieved by using relevant examples in presenting the basic material, and the second is attained by inclusion of chapters on surface processes, photochemistry, and reaction dynamics.
Incident Management Systems (IMS) provide the means by which to coordinate the efforts of individual agencies in order to stabilize an incident and protect life, property, and the environment. Born from the FireScope project of the late 1960s, which was developed in response to the major wildfires that regularly plagued Southern California, these systems have evolved with many similarities and certain fundamental differences.
Emergency Incident Management Systems: Fundamentals and Applications contrasts the major forms of Incident Management/Incident Command Systems. The author illuminates these differences and offers a fresh perspective on the concepts on which these systems are founded in order to make them more accessible and user-friendly. Without suggesting major changes in the systems, he bridges the gap between their theoretical and academic foundations and their real-world applications, and makes them more applicable to the professional's daily needs.
Timely features of the book include:
* An "in the field" point of view
* Coverage of incidents of mass destruction
* Filled-out sample forms designed to aid professionals in completing reports
In post-9/11 America, where incident management has become a national priority-one that must be easilyunderstood and applicable across all emergency systems-this book provides a useful tool for helping today's emergency workers be more informed and more prepared than ever.