Many of the wastewater systems that Americans rely on to protect public health and the environment are reaching the end of their useful lives. The EPA has estimated that a potential gap between future needs and current spending for wastewater infrastructure of $150 billion to $400 billion could occur over the next decade. Various approaches have been proposed to bridge this potential gap. One is to establish a clean water trust fund. This testimony summarizes findings of a May 2009 report which examined: (1) stakeholders' views on the issues that would need to be addressed in designing and establishing a clean water trust fund; and (2) potential options that could generate about $10 billion annually in revenue to support a clean water trust fund. Ill.
The Native Amer. Graves Protection and Repatriation Act, enacted in 1990 (NAGPRA), required fed. agencies and museums to: (1) identify their Native Amer. human remains and other objects; (2) try to culturally affiliate them with a present day Indian tribe or Native Hawaiian org.; and (3) repatriate them under the terms in the act. The National NAGPRA office, within the Nat. Park Service, facilitates the gov¿t.-wide implementation of NAGPRA. This report determined the: (1) extent to which agencies have complied with their NAGPRA requirements; (2) actions taken by National NAGPRA; and (3) extent of repatriations reported by agencies. The report reviewed records for eight agencies with significant historical collections. Illus.
Most of Alaska's more than 200 Native villages have been affected to some degree by flooding and erosion. Since 2003, state officials have identified the growing impacts of climate change, increasing the urgency of fed. and state efforts to identify imminently threatened villages and assess their relocation options. This is a report on: (1) the flooding and erosion threats that Alaska Native villages currently face; (2) the federal programs that are available to assist villages facing potential disasters; (3) the status of village relocation efforts; and (4) how federal assistance to relocating villages is prioritized. Includes recommendations. Illustrations.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Admin. (NOAA) is a bureau within the Dept. of Commerce. To help achieve NOAA's program goals, it relies on management and administration (M&A) services, such as legal support and information technology. This report: (1) examined how NOAA's M&A services are funded; (2) assessed the extent to which NOAA's policies and procedures for M&A services conform to applicable standards; and (3) estimated salaries and expenses for NOAA's budget for FY 2009. Includes recommendations. Charts and tables. This is a print on demand edition of an important, hard-to-find report.