Organized into eight chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the metabolism of apolipoprotein B, which is the principal protein of chylomicrons, very low density, and low density lipoprotein. This text then describes the metabolism, biosynthesis, and pharmacology of leukotrienes. Other chapters consider the relation of lipids to immunology and explain the roles played by lipids in the structure and function of yeast membrane. This book discusses as well the general importance in the plant kingdom and the place of some carotenoids in human biology. The final chapter deals with the influence of proteins on configuration and function of reconstituted lipid membranes.
This book is a valuable resource for biologists, chemists, biochemists, scientists, and research workers.
Organized into eight chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the procedure for calculating the percentages of the individual triglycerides as well as for triglyceride families. This text then examines the complex field of bacterial lipids. Other chapters consider the two aspects of the relationship between lipid metabolism and atherosclerosis. This book discusses as well the lipolytic and esterolytic activity of various tissues in connection with lipid transport and its relevancy to the development of atherosclerosis. The final chapter deals with the methods best adopted for in vitro and in vivo investigations of lipid biosynthesis.
This book is a valuable resource for phospholipid chemists, biochemists, and scientists.
The first chapter deals with the interactions between circulating lipids and lipid proteins and the arterial tissue matrix. The subsequent chapter discusses the apolipoprotein C metabolism, the roles of lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase and cholesterol ester transfer protein in intravascular cholesterol transport. Other chapters explore the significance of bile acid biosynthesis for cholesterol homeostasis, the metabolism of phosphatidylserine, and gas chromatographic and mass spectrometry analysis of prostanoids. The last chapter considers the role of dietary fiber in health and disease.
This book is of great value to lipid and enzyme chemists, biochemists, and researchers.
The introductory chapter surveys the application of electron microscopic techniques to the analysis of plasma lipoproteins. The subsequent chapter deals with the possible modification of reticuloendothelial functions by lipids and the role of lipids in cellular, humoral, and immune responses. These topics are followed by discussions of the microsomal enzymes of sterol biosynthesis and the enzymatic synthesis and degradation of glycerol lipids, which contain ether bonds. The remaining chapters focus on lipid neurochemistry. These chapters specifically examine particular brain lipids, such as fatty acids, phospholipids, sphingolipids, galatosyl lipids, and sterols. A discussion of lipids of the entire nervous system and their variation with age is also included.
This book will prove useful to lipids chemists, biochemists, and organic chemists.
This state of the art text thoroughly explores the different aspects of the relationship between chocolate and health. After introductory discussion of the historical background, careful attention is devoted to technological developments designed to improve the health-giving qualities of chocolate and biochemical and clinical trials of cocoa and its components. Various health impacts of cocoa and chocolate are thoroughly evaluated, including acute vascular effects and effects on blood pressure, blood lipids, and platelets. Psychological drivers of chocolate consumption and craving are also considered.
Readers will find this book to be a rich source of essential information on cocoa and chocolate, their purported health-giving qualities, and the advances that are being made in this area.
Organized into seven chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the separation of lipoproteins and discusses lipid metabolism in microorganisms. This text then provides a discussion of lipid metabolism in mycoplasmas. Other chapters consider the various aspects of metabolism of the lipid quinones and explore the relationship between lipids and atherosclerosis as a continuing source of biochemical, medical, and nutritional interest. This book discusses as well a comparative aspect of the development of atherosclerosis and explains the chemistry of bile acids. The final chapter deals with the aspects of steroid separations as well as with regard to separation of other metabolites that may influence lipid metabolism.
This book is a valuable resource for biologists, biochemists, scientists, and research workers.
Organized into 10 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the methods for the analysis of glycerine mixtures that require the determination of the fatty acid composition of the whole mixture and of its component fraction. This text then examines lipids as molecules of biological interest having little or no solubility in water. Other chapters cover the advances in cholesterol metabolism, Vitamin E as it affects lipid metabolism, and a discussion on atherosclerosis. This book discusses as well all areas of lipid research ranging from physical chemistry to physiology and pathology. The final chapter deals with sulfolipid, which appears to be concentrated in the lamellar membranes of the chloroplasts of plants.
This book is a valuable resource for physical chemists, biologists, and pathologists.
Organized into seven chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the molecular biology of human apolipoproteins B and E. This text then explains the lipid metabolism of dermatophytes and describes their lipid composition and how it may be modulated. Other chapters consider the function, distribution, and biosynthesis of the sterols of fungi and examine the influences of fungal sterols on membrane fluidity. This book discusses as well the biosynthesis and degradation of platelet-activating factor (PAF) as well as its physiological function. The final chapter deals with one specific area of PAF activity, namely, renal processes.
This book is a valuable resource for biologist, biochemists, chemists, and clinicians.
The opening chapter describes the important aspect of autoradiography and its coupling with light and electron microscopic analysis. The next chapters deal with the carbon source in the fatty acid biosynthesis, with particular emphasis on the biosynthesis by the aortic the issue. These topics are followed by discussions of the membrane structure and the lipids in membranes. Other chapters consider the biochemistry and analysis of glycosphingolipids and the progress in the in lipid chemistry, including pregnane derivatives and C21 steroids. The concluding chapter reviews the composition of vegetable oil and other aspects of fat metabolism, specifically cholesterol metabolism.
This book will prove useful to lipid chemists, biochemists, and organic chemists.
The opening chapter reviews the relationships between plasma and tissue lipids and atherosclerosis. Understanding the dynamics of exchange of plasma lipoproteins with aortic tissue is the basis of understanding the etiology of this disease and the approaches to therapy. The succeeding chapters describe the phases of lipid metabolism in cultured cells and the influences of various dietary components on the specific enzymes of fatty acid and cholesterol biogenesis. Other chapters discuss the role of phospholipids in transport and enzymic reactions, membrane fluidity, aspects of lipid-protein interactions, and the physiologic role of thyroid lipids. The closing chapters explore the chemistry and biological function of glycosyl glycerides, as well as the physiopathology of the biguanidines, a class of oral hypoglycemic agents.
This book will prove useful to lipid chemists, biochemists, and researchers.
This volume contains seven chapters and begins with a discussion of the various aspects of cholesterol turnover in man and the possible mode of action of hypocholesterolemic regimens. The next chapters deal with the arterial composition and metabolism, with particular emphasis to esterified fatty acids and cholesterol, as well as the important role of essential fatty acids in mammalian development, health, and disease. A chapter emphasizes the participation of lipids in membrane structure. The remaining chapters explore the chemistry and biochemistry of phospholipids and glycolipids. These chapters also consider rumen metabolism and the surface chemistry of lipids.
This book will prove useful to biochemists, organic chemists, physicians, and researchers.
The opening chapters examine the metabolic role of high-density lipoproteins (HDL), specifically the role of HDL in cholesterol transport. The next chapter discusses cholesterol metabolism in various types of clinical hyperlipidemias and describes cholesterol turnover as a function of hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, or a combination of the two. Other chapters deal with the hypocholesterolemic effect of polyunsaturated fats on man, as well as the mechanism of lipid peroxidation in mitochondrial membranes and its effects on alterations in cellular processes. The closing chapter relates to membrane phenomena, with particular emphasis to the study of membrane structure by means of membrane-cooperative enzymes. This chapter also explores the application of allosterism as a tool for membrane research.
This book will prove useful to lipid and enzyme chemists, biochemists, and researchers.
Organized into six chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the possibility of a dehydrogenation toward the methyl group. This text then presents a detailed discussion of lipoprotein structure, metabolism, and catabolism. Other chapters consider some potentially significant revisions in lipoprotein procedure, including additions to the technology of lipoprotein analysis. This book discusses as well the chemistry and metabolism of plasma lipoprotein as related to physiological and disease states. The final chapter deals with the advances in methods of purification and studies of the properties and mode of action of lipases.
This book is a valuable resource for organic chemists, neurochemists, and biochemists.
Comprised of five chapters, this volume begins with an introduction to the histochemistry of lipids in both its qualitative and quantitative aspects, followed by an analysis of the roles of carbohydrate metabolism and insulin in relation to their control of the metabolism of plasma and liver triglycerides. Lipid metabolism in many tissue culture systems is the subject of the next chapter. The experimental and theoretical aspects of the connection between cancer and steroids are also examined. The last chapter deals with the possible harmful effects of heating dietary fats and how heating may alter the chemical and biological properties of fats. Attention is paid to auto-oxidation, carcinogenicity, and the interaction of heated fats with other dietary components.
This monograph will be useful to students, practicing professionals, and research workers in biology and biochemistry.
Organized into seven chapters, this volume begins with an overview of some of the contributions of lipid research to the understanding of the clotting mechanism. This text then examines the extent to which dietary carbohydrate interferes in lipid metabolism. Other chapters consider the lipid-mobilizing effects of adrenomimetic agents, which are highly specific for the depot type of adipose tissue. This book discusses as well a number of areas of bacterial lipid biochemistry that are under investigation. The final chapter deals with the procedures for assessing the purity of labeled lipids by organic synthesis, biosynthesis, and isotope exchange techniques.
This book is a valuable resource for biochemists, scientists, and research workers.
The opening chapter describes the pathological techniques in atherosclerosis research. The succeeding chapters deal with the influence of lipid-lowering drugs on bile acid metabolism and the cholesterol metabolism in ovarian tissue. Other chapters examine the principal role of sulfolipids and the influence of dietary linoleic acids on blood pressure regulation in rats. The closing chapters review the influence of nonnutritive fiber on lipid metabolism and the influence of fiber on lipid-associated diseases. These chapters also consider the techniques for polar lipid analysis.
This book will be of great value to lipid chemists, biochemists, and researchers.
We are now starting to understand that the role of the estrogen receptor is not identical in all tissues. Important nongenomic effects for sex hormones have also been described. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) has produced effects on health risks: some are reduced, some are increased, and the rest remain uncertain. HRT is being used by an increasing number of women to alleviate climacteric symptoms in the perimenopausal period and to prevent osteoporosis and cardiovascular disease later. Positive effects on Alzheimer's disease and dementia on the one hand, and an increase in venous thrombosis on the other, are currently being reported by several groups. Both the preventive benefits and the risk of breast cancer seem to be linked to long-term and current use. HRT requires further testing through specific clinical trials, currently underway in the United States, before confident recommendations may be made about the full range of benefits and risks.
As the complexity of the pharmacological actions of the Ca2+ channel inhibitors grows, there is a continued need to further clarify the inhibitors, both chemically and functionally.
This volume provides an update of the field based on the work presented at the 5th International Symposium on Calcium Antagonists: Pharmacology and Clinical Research. It reviews the current state of the growing area of molecular biology of Ca2+ channels. In the cardiovascular area, in addition to the well-established clinical uses of Ca2+ channel inhibitors, exciting new work pointing to an application in atherosclerosis is described. The book also includes important uses of Ca2+ antagonists in novel areas of interest such as the gastrointestinal tract, renal protection and multi-drug resistance.
Organized into five chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the lipid secretion of the meibomian glands, with emphasis on its chemical composition and physical properties. This text then explains the influence of lipids in platelet function and considers the metabolism of arachidonic acid in disease states, such as diabetes, nephrosis, and atherosclerosis. Other chapters examine the manner in which dietary cholesterol contributes to regulation of cholesterol metabolism. This book discusses as well the identification, isolation, and metabolism of sterol carrier proteins and lipid transfer proteins. The final chapter deals with the underlying problems that militate against a simple dose–response relationship.
This book is a valuable resource for biologist, biochemists, and clinicians.
Organized into nine chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the biosynthesis of fatty acids. This text then discusses the physiology of adipose tissue in which aspects of adipose tissue physiology of a number of animal species are compared. Other chapters consider the physiological, biochemical, and morphological changes observed in ethionine-induced fatty liver. This book discusses as well the metabolism of lipids by macrophages and the relationship of this phenomenon to atherosclerosis. The final chapter deals with the phase diagrams of glyceride mixtures, a subject that is more physicochemical in nature and suggests another area of investigation to biologists.
This book is a valuable resource for biologists, biochemists, neurochemists, scientists, and research workers.
The introductory chapter reviews the metabolism of distinct molecular species of phospholipids. The succeeding chapters describe the relationship between fatty acid and immunity, as well as the influence of vitamin C on cholesterol metabolism, gallstone formation, and atheroschlerosis. These chapters also examine the possible link between vitamin C deficiency and lipid disorders. A chapter discusses the arterial enzymes of cholesteryl ester metabolism, specifically the synthesis and hydrolysis of cholesteryl esters under a variety of conditions. The remaining chapters consider the occurrence, characteristics, and factors affecting reaction of phospholipase D. Surveys of the certain aspects of prostaglandin metabolism and the effects of thyroid hormone on atherosclerosis are also provided in these chapters.
This book will prove useful to lipid and enzyme chemists, biochemists, and researchers.
The first chapter reviews the status of lipoprotein metabolism, specifically the functional, structural, and metabolic interrelationships of lipoproteins. The second chapter covers aspects of lipid metabolism in diabetes and the stresses that can cause alterations in carbohydrate metabolism. The third chapter discusses the developments in understanding the physicochemical basis of gallstone formation. The fourth chapter deals with the biosynthesis and composition of milk fat. This chapter also presents a summary of some of the important features of milk fat production processes.
This book will prove useful to lipid chemists, biochemists, physicians, and researchers.
The first chapter is devoted to the long-range order in biomembranes. This chapter presents evidence that the proteins and lipids of biological membranes are partitioned into functional and structural aggregates in the plane of the membrane. The second chapter surveys the pharmacology and toxicology of steroids and related compounds. This chapter also provides the methodology, physiologic and transport mechanisms, and effects on the central nervous system. The third chapter explores all aspects of lipid composition of all classes of fungi. This chapter also discusses the intracellular distribution and biosynthesis of the lipid components of fungi. The fourth chapter considers the biochemistry of plant sterols, including structure, stereochemistry, biosynthesis, metabolism, and function.
This book will be of value to lipid chemists, biochemists, and researchers.
the drama of the front lines.”
-Richard Danzig, former secretary of the navy
The first major bioterror event in the United States-the anthrax attacks in October 2001-was a clarion call for scientists who work with “hot” agents to find ways of protecting civilian populations against biological weapons. In The Demon in the Freezer, his first nonfiction book since The Hot Zone, a #1 New York Times bestseller, Richard Preston takes us into the heart of Usamriid, the United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases at Fort Detrick, Maryland, once the headquarters of the U.S. biological weapons program and now the epicenter of national biodefense.
Peter Jahrling, the top scientist at Usamriid, a wry virologist who cut his teeth on Ebola, one of the world’s most lethal emerging viruses, has ORCON security clearance that gives him access to top secret information on bioweapons. His most urgent priority is to develop a drug that will take on smallpox-and win. Eradicated from the planet in 1979 in one of the great triumphs of modern science, the smallpox virus now resides, officially, in only two high-security freezers-at the Centers for Disease Control in Atlanta and in Siberia, at a Russian virology institute called Vector. But the demon in the freezer has been set loose. It is almost certain that illegal stocks are in the possession of hostile states, including Iraq and North Korea. Jahrling is haunted by the thought that biologists in secret labs are using genetic engineering to create a new superpox virus, a smallpox resistant to all vaccines.
Usamriid went into a state of Delta Alert on September 11 and activated its emergency response teams when the first anthrax letters were opened in New York and Washington, D.C. Preston reports, in unprecedented detail, on the government’s response to the attacks and takes us into the ongoing FBI investigation. His story is based on interviews with top-level FBI agents and with Dr. Steven Hatfill.
Jahrling is leading a team of scientists doing controversial experiments with live smallpox virus at CDC. Preston takes us into the lab where Jahrling is reawakening smallpox and explains, with cool and devastating precision, what may be at stake if his last bold experiment fails.
Synchrony is a science in its infancy, and Strogatz is a pioneer in this new frontier in which mathematicians and physicists attempt to pinpoint just how spontaneous order emerges from chaos. From underground caves in Texas where a French scientist spent six months alone tracking his sleep-wake cycle, to the home of a Dutch physicist who in 1665 discovered two of his pendulum clocks swinging in perfect time, this fascinating book spans disciplines, continents, and centuries. Engagingly written for readers of books such as Chaos and The Elegant Universe, Sync is a tour-de-force of nonfiction writing.
A leading epigenetics researcher, Nessa Carey also connects the field’s arguments to such diverse phenomena as how ants and queen bees control their colonies, why tortoiseshell cats are always female, why some plants need cold weather before they can flower, and how we age and develop disease. She concludes with future directions for research and the ability for epigenetics to improve human health and well-being. Published in the United Kingdom in 2011 and widely praised on both sides of the Atlantic, this new book is sure to become a classic in modern biology.
Life is the most extraordinary phenomenon in the known universe; but how did it come to be? Even in an age of cloning and artificial biology, the remarkable truth remains: nobody has ever made anything living entirely out of dead material. Life remains the only way to make life. Are we still missing a vital ingredient in its creation?
Like Richard Dawkins' The Selfish Gene, which provided a new perspective on how evolution works, Life on the Edge alters our understanding of our world's fundamental dynamics. Bringing together first-hand experience at the cutting edge of science with unparalleled gifts of explanation, Jim Al-Khalili and Johnjoe Macfadden reveal that missing ingredient to be quantum mechanics; the phenomena that lie at the heart of this most mysterious of sciences.
Drawing on recent ground-breaking experiments around the world, each chapter in Life on the Edge engages by illustrating one of life's puzzles: How do migrating birds know where to go? How do we really smell the scent of a rose? How do our genes copy themselves with such precision? Life on the Edge accessibly reveals how quantum mechanics can answer these probing questions of the universe.
Guiding the reader through the rapidly unfolding discoveries of the last few years, Al-Khalili and McFadden communicate the excitement of the explosive new field of quantum biology and its potentially revolutionary applications, while offering insights into the biggest puzzle of all: what is life? As they brilliantly demonstrate in these groundbreaking pages, life exists on the quantum edge.
– Winner, Stephen Hawking Medal for Science Communication
Why do you fall in love with one person rather than another? In this fascinating and informative book, Helen Fisher, one of the world's leading experts on romantic love, unlocks the hidden code of desire and attachment. Each of us, it turns out, primarily expresses one of four broad personality types—Explorer, Builder, Director, or Negotiator—and each of these types is governed by different chemical systems in the brain. Driven by this biology, we are attracted to partners who both mirror and complement our own personality type.
Until now the search for love has been blind, but Fisher pulls back the curtain and reveals how we unconsciously go about finding the right match. Drawing on her unique study of 40,000 men and women, she explores each personality type in detail and shows you how to identify your own type. Then she explains why some types match up well, whereas others are problematic. (Note to Explorers: be prepared for a wild ride when you hitch your star to a fellow Explorer!) Ultimately, Fisher's investigation into the complex nature of romance and attachment leads to astonishing new insights into the essence of dating, love, and marriage.
Based on entirely new research—including a detailed questionnaire completed by seven million people in thirty-three countries—Why Him? Why Her? will change your understanding of why you love him (or her) and help you use nature's chemistry to find and keep your life partner.
Companion resources site
This book is accompanied by a resources site:
The site is being constantly updated by the author team and provides:
· Related videos selected by the authors
· Updates to the book since publication
· Instructor resources
· A chance to send in feedback
This edition includes greatly expanded focus on stem cells, including adult and embryonic stem cells and progenitor populations that may soon lead to new tissue engineering therapies for heart disease, diabetes, and a wide variety of other diseases that afflict humanity. This up-to-date coverage of stem cell biology and other emerging technologies is complemented by a series of new chapters on recent clinical experience in applying tissue engineering. The result is a comprehensive textbook that we believe will be useful to students and experts alike.
New to this edition:
*Includes new chapters on biomaterial-protein interactions, nanocomposite and three-dimensional scaffolds, skin substitutes, spinal cord, vision enhancement, and heart valves
*Expanded coverage of adult and embryonic stem cells of the cardiovascular, hematopoietic, musculoskeletal, nervous, and other organ systems
Deftly excavating and illuminating decades of investigation and analysis, he reveals what we know and don’t know about cancer, showing why a cure remains such a slippery concept. We follow him as he combs through the realms of epidemiology, clinical trials, laboratory experiments, and scientific hypotheses—rooted in every discipline from evolutionary biology to game theory and physics. Cogently extracting fact from a towering canon of myth and hype, he describes tumors that evolve like alien creatures inside the body, paleo-oncologists who uncover petrified tumors clinging to the skeletons of dinosaurs and ancient human ancestors, and the surprising reversals in science’s comprehension of the causes of cancer, with the foods we eat and environmental toxins playing a lesser role. Perhaps most fascinating of all is how cancer borrows natural processes involved in the healing of a wound or the unfolding of a human embryo and turns them, jujitsu-like, against the body.
Throughout his pursuit, Johnson clarifies the human experience of cancer with elegiac grace, bearing witness to the punishing gauntlet of consultations, surgeries, targeted therapies, and other treatments. He finds compassion, solace, and community among a vast network of patients and professionals committed to the fight and wrestles to comprehend the cruel randomness cancer metes out in his own family. For anyone whose life has been affected by cancer and has found themselves asking why?, this book provides a new understanding. In good company with the works of Atul Gawande, Siddhartha Mukherjee, and Abraham Verghese, The Cancer Chronicles is endlessly surprising and as radiant in its prose as it is authoritative in its eye-opening science.