“[Crucial Conversations] draws our attention to those defining moments that literally shape our lives, our relationships, and our world. . . . This book deserves to take its place as one of the key thought leadership contributions of our time.”
—from the Foreword by Stephen R. Covey, author of The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People
“The quality of your life comes out of the quality of your dialogues and conversations. Here’s how to instantly uplift your crucial conversations.”
—Mark Victor Hansen, cocreator of the #1 New York Times bestselling series Chicken Soup for the Soul®
The first edition of Crucial Conversations exploded onto the scene and revolutionized the way millions of people communicate when stakes are high. This new edition gives you the tools to:Prepare for high-stakes situations Transform anger and hurt feelings into powerful dialogue Make it safe to talk about almost anything Be persuasive, not abrasive
In public speaking, as in any form of communication, there are five basic elements, often expressed as "who is saying what to whom using what medium with what effects?" The purpose of public speaking can range from simply transmitting information, to motivating people to act, to simply telling a story. Good orators should be able to change the emotions of their listeners, not just inform them. Public speaking can also be considered a discourse community. Interpersonal communication and public speaking have several components that embrace such things as motivational speaking, leadership/personal development, business, customer service, large group communication, and mass communication. Public speaking can be a powerful tool to use for purposes such as motivation, influence, persuasion, informing, translation, or simply entertaining. A confident speaker is more likely to use this as excitement and create effective speech thus increasing their overall ethos.
Dale Breckenridge Carnegie (originally Carnagey until 1922 and possibly somewhat later) (November 24, 1888 – November 1, 1955) was an American writer, lecturer, and the developer of famous courses in self-improvement, salesmanship, corporate training, public speaking, and interpersonal skills. Born in poverty on a farm in Missouri, he was the author of How to Win Friends and Influence People (1936), a massive bestseller that remains popular today. He also wrote How to Stop Worrying and Start Living (1948), Lincoln the Unknown (1932), and several other books.
Perhaps one of Carnegie’s most successful marketing moves was to change the spelling of his last name from “Carnagey” to Carnegie, at a time when Andrew Carnegie (unrelated) was a widely revered and recognized name. By 1916, Dale was able to rent Carnegie Hall itself for a lecture to a packed house. Carnegie's first collection of his writings was Public Speaking: a Practical Course for Business Men (1926), later entitled Public Speaking and Influencing Men in Business (1932). His crowning achievement, however, was when Simon & Schuster published How to Win Friends and Influence People. The book was a bestseller from its debut in 1936, in its 17th printing within a few months. By the time of Carnegie's death, the book had sold five million copies in 31 languages, and there had been 450,000 graduates of his Dale Carnegie Institute. It has been stated in the book that he had critiqued over 150,000 speeches in his participation in the adult education movement of the time. During World War I he served in the U.S. Army.
One of the core ideas in his books is that it is possible to change other people's behavior by changing one's reaction to them.
“Fast, fun and immensely practical.”
—JOE SULLIVAN, Founder, Flextronics
“Move over Neil Strauss and game theory. Pitch Anything reveals the next big thing in social dynamics: game for business.”
—JOSH WHITFORD, Founder, Echelon Media
“What do supermodels and venture capitalists have in common? They hear hundreds of pitches a year. Pitch Anything makes sure you get the nod (or wink) you deserve.”
—RALPH CRAM, Investor
“Pitch Anything offers a new method that will differentiate you from the rest of the pack.”
—JASON JONES, Senior Vice President, Jones Lang LaSalle
“If you want to pitch a product, raise money, or close a deal, read Pitch Anything and put its principles to work.”
—STEVEN WALDMAN, Principal and Founder, Spectrum Capital
“Pitch Anything opened my eyes to what I had been missing in my presentations and business interactions.”
—LOUIE UCCIFERRI, President, Regent Capital Group
“I use Oren’s unique strategies to sell deals, raise money, and handle tough situations.”
—TAYLOR GARRETT, Vice President, White Cap
“A counter-intuitive method that works.”
—JAY GOYAL, CEO, SumOpti
About the Book:
When it comes to delivering a pitch, Oren Klaff has unparalleled credentials. Over the past 13 years, he has used his one-of-a- kind method to raise more than $400 million—and now, for the fi rst time, he describes his formula to help you deliver a winning pitch in any business situation.
Whether you’re selling ideas to investors, pitching a client for new business, or even negotiating for a higher salary, Pitch Anything will transform the way you position your ideas.
According to Klaff, creating and presenting a great pitch isn’t an art—it’s a simple science. Applying the latest findings in the field of neuroeconomics, while sharing eye-opening stories of his method in action, Klaff describes how the brain makes decisions and responds to pitches. With this information, you’ll remain in complete control of every stage of the pitch process.
Pitch Anything introduces the exclusive STRONG method of pitching, which can be put to use immediately:
Setting the Frame
Telling the Story
Revealing the Intrigue
Offering the Prize
Nailing the Hookpoint
Getting a Decision
One truly great pitch can improve your career, make you a lot of money—and even change your life. Success is dependent on the method you use, not how hard you try. “Better method, more money,” Klaff says. “Much better method, much more money.” Klaff is the best in the business because his method is much better than anyone else’s. And now it’s yours.
Apply the tactics and strategies outlined in Pitch Anything to engage and persuade your audience—and you’ll have more funding and support than you ever thought possible.
Updated to include Steve Jobs's iPad and iPad2 launch presentations
“The Presentation Secrets of Steve Jobs reveals the operating system behind any great presentation and provides you with a quick-start guide to design your own passionate interfaces with your audiences.”
—Cliff Atkinson, author of Beyond Bullet Points and The Activist Audience
Former Apple CEO Steve Jobs’s wildly popular presentations have set a new global gold standard—and now this step-by-step guide shows you exactly how to use his crowd-pleasing techniques in your own presentations.
The Presentation Secrets of Steve Jobs is as close as you'll ever get to having the master presenter himself speak directly in your ear. Communications expert Carmine Gallo has studied and analyzed the very best of Jobs's performances, offering point-by-point examples, tried-and-true techniques, and proven presentation secrets in 18 "scenes," including:Develop a messianic sense of purpose Reveal the Conquering hero Channel your inner Zen Stage your presentation with props Make it look effortless
With this revolutionary approach, you’ll be surprised at how easy it is to sell your ideas, share your enthusiasm, and wow your audience the Steve Jobs way.
“No other leader captures an audience like Steve Jobs does and, like no other book, The Presentation Secrets of Steve Jobs captures the formula Steve uses to enthrall audiences.”
—Rob Enderle, The Enderle Group
“Now you can learn from the best there is—both Jobs and Gallo. No matter whether you are a novice presenter or a professional speaker like me, you will read and reread this book with the same enthusiasm that people bring to their iPods."
—David Meerman Scott, bestselling author of The New Rules of Marketing & PR and World Wide Rave
While up-to-date in its language and points of reference, Public Speaking for Success preserves the full range of ideas and methods that appeared in the original: including Carnegie's complete speech and diction exercises, which follow each chapter, as the author originally designated them. This edition restores Carnegie's original appendix of the three complete self-help classics: Acres of Diamonds by Russell H. Conwell, As a Man Thinketh by James Allen, and A Message to Garcia by Elbert Hubbard. Carnegie included these essays in his original edition because, although they do not directly relate to public speaking, he felt they would be of great value to the readers. Here is the definitive update of the best-loved public-speaking book of all time.
In his book, Carmine Gallo has broken down hundreds of TED talks and interviewed the most popular TED presenters, as well as the top researchers in the fields of psychology, communications, and neuroscience to reveal the nine secrets of all successful TED presentations. Gallo's step-by-step method makes it possible for anyone to deliver a presentation that is engaging, persuasive, and memorable.
Carmine Gallo's top 10 Wall Street Journal Bestseller Talk Like TED will give anyone who is insecure about their public speaking abilities the tools to communicate the ideas that matter most to them, the skill to win over hearts and minds, and the confidence to deliver the talk of their lives.
The opinions expressed by Carmine Gallo in TALK LIKE TED are his own. His book is not endorsed, sponsored or authorized by TED Conferences, LLC or its affiliates.
Since these rules debuted, they have become the most commonly adopted parliamentary method in the United States, with approximately 95 percent of all clubs, organizations, and governments practicing them. When the copyrights of the original editions expired, many other Robert's Rules of Order began to surface. Today, many of these books are the same - with one apparent problem: a lack of focus on current trends, specifically the Internet.
However, The Complete Guide to Robert's Rules of Order Made Easy emphasizes this fact and stresses how society has changed due to the advent of the Internet. Clubs, organizations, and societies need to know how to meet and communicate online, and this book provides the answer. In this book you will learn about technology, conducting meetings online, communicating online, teleconferences, Web conferences, and Web seminars. You will also learn the proper ways to address and send e-mails, as well as how to communicate using instant messenger software.
The Internet has transformed the meeting space, and you need to incorporate these changes into your meetings. Additionally, you will learn about all the more traditional rules, including such things as quorum, abstention votes, votes of no confidence, friendly amendments, proxy votes, executive sessions, points of privilege, parliamentary inquiries, and debates. You will also learn how you can adopt Robert's Rules of Order, how to qualify as a legal meeting, how to follow the standard order of business, how to handle a motion, and how to nominate and elect officers.
Also included is a discussion of the various motions, including privileged, incidental, subsidiary, main, and unclassified, as well as the basic by-laws and the required paperwork, such as minutes, treasurer's reports, and committee reports. The Complete Guide to Robert's Rules of Order Made Easy will serve as your guide to conducting orderly and fair meetings in the 21st century. The rules for using the Internet as a meeting and communication space are clearly defined, easy to understand, and simple to apply.
Atlantic Publishing is a small, independent publishing company based in Ocala, Florida. Founded over twenty years ago in the company president's garage, Atlantic Publishing has grown to become a renowned resource for non-fiction books. Today, over 450 titles are in print covering subjects such as small business, healthy living, management, finance, careers, and real estate. Atlantic Publishing prides itself on producing award winning, high-quality manuals that give readers up-to-date, pertinent information, real-world examples, and case studies with expert advice. Every book has resources, contact information, and web sites of the products or companies discussed.
With lively lessons and surprising confessions, you'll get new insights into the art of persuasion -- as well as teaching, learning, and performance -- directly from a master of the trade.
Highlights include:Berkun's hard-won and simple philosophy, culled from years of lectures, teaching courses, and hours of appearances on NPR, MSNBC, and CNBCPractical advice, including how to work a tough room, the science of not boring people, how to survive the attack of the butterflies, and what to do when things go wrongThe inside scoop on who earns $30,000 for a one-hour lecture and whyThe worst -- and funniest -- disaster stories you've ever heard (plus countermoves you can use)
Filled with humorous and illuminating stories of thrilling performances and real-life disasters, Confessions of a Public Speaker is inspirational, devastatingly honest, and a blast to read.
The exclusive videos illustrate the effectiveness of the crucial conversations method. These clips feature crucial conversation techniques in action, through case studies, reader stories, and interviews with the authors.
Globalization and new technologies have made team collaboration from distant geographical locations—on the road, from home or client sites, even on the other side of the globe—a routine part of business. Managing these teams requires new skills and sensitivities to maximize team and organizational performance.
Emphasizing pragmatism over theory and offering helpful tips instead of vague observations, Manager’s Guide to Virtual Teams helps you bridge the communication gaps created by geographical separation and get peak performance from employees you rarely see. You will learn how to:Keep team members in remote locations motivated and involved Coach for peak performance via e-mail, telephone, teleconference, and videoconference Help widely scattered team members understand their contribution to the business Build consensus for decisions among virtual team members Learn effective communication and feedback techniques for enhancing team performance
Briefcase Books, written specifically for today’s busy manager, feature eye-catching icons, checklists, and sidebars to guide managers step by step through everyday workplace situations. Look for these innovative features to help you navigate each page:Clear definitions of key terms and concepts Tactics and strategies for managing virtual teams Tricks of the trade for executing effective management techniques Practical advice for minimizing the possibility of error Warning signs for when things are about to go wrong Examples of successful virtual managing Specific planning procedures, tactics, and hands-on techniques
You'll learn how to use the powerful emotion of fear to convince stubborn prospects, make prospective customers successfully demonstrate the product inside their heads before they spend a penny to buy it, use speaking patterns that build desire for the product or service, and much more.
"A masterpiece! This is one of those rare books that I wish wouldn't get published. This gem will become the new sales bible."
Dr. Joe Vitale, author of Hypnotic Writing and There's A Customer Born Every Minute
“Read it and sell more—it’s just that simple.”
Roger Dawson, author of Secrets of Power Negotiating
“Puts you light years ahead of your competition. Read it... before your competition does.”
Dr. Tony Alessandra, author The Platinum Rule for Sales Mastery
“Gives you an almost unfair advantage—yet it’s all perfectly legal!”
Richard Bayan, author of Words That Sell
“Take all of the text books ever written about persuasion, influence, marketing, and salesmanship. Strip away the nonsense. What do you get? BrainScripts. It's a mistake not to read this book.”
Mark Joyner, founder and CEO of Simpleology
“Can you imagine the power in your sales presentation when you understand your prospects better than they know themselves?”
Patricia Fripp, CSP, CPAE, Sales Presentation Skills Expert
“It's like looking into a crystal ball of human behavior.”
Thomas A. Freese, author of Secrets of Question Based Selling
“The material in BrainScripts is so powerful it should require a license for use.”
Art Sobczak, author of Smart Calling—Eliminate the Fear, Failure, and Rejection from Cold Calling
“BrainScripts shows in detail how beliefs become established, how they affect behavior and, most importantly, how business owners can ethically tap into them to help their companies grow and prosper.”
Robert Dilts, Founder NLP University
“BrainScripts gives you actual scripts to help get your sales message across without setting off your prospects’ ‘What’s the catch?’ alarm.”
Tom "Big Al" Schreiter, author of How To Get Instant Trust, Belief, Influence, and Rapport!
“BrainScripts is the definitive advantage in sales strategy. Read it and win... or pray your competitors do not.”
MJ DeMarco, author of The Millionaire Fastlane
“BrainScripts takes sales psychology to a new level. Drew’s practical and easy-to-use tips will also take you to the next level.”
Kerry Johnson, MBA, Ph.D.; America's Sales Psychologist
“BrainScripts brings you face-to-face with the prospect's intimate evaluation procedures so you can turn them into sales motivations and close the deal!”
René Gnam, author of René Gnam’s Direct Mail Workshop
Spike Humer, author of The 10 Day Turnaround
That’s the bad news. But there is something we can do about it. Heidi Grant Halvorson, social psychologist and bestselling author, explains why we’re often misunderstood and how we can fix that.
Most of us assume that other people see us as we see ourselves, and that they see us as we truly are. But neither is true. Our everyday interactions are colored by subtle biases that distort how others see us—and also shape our perceptions of them.
You can learn to clarify the message you’re sending once you understand the lenses that shape perception:
• Trust. Are you friend or foe?
• Power. How much influence do you have over me?
• Ego. Do you make me feel insecure?
Based on decades of research in psychology and social science, Halvorson explains how these lenses affect our interactions—and how to manage them.
Once you understand the science of perception, you’ll communicate more clearly, send the messages you intend to send, and improve your personal relationships. You’ll also become a fairer and more accurate judge of others. Halvorson even offers an evidence-based action plan for repairing a damaged reputation.
This book is not about making a good impression, although it will certainly help you do that. It’s about coming across as you intend. It’s about the authenticity we all strive for.
A letter or group of letters added to the beginning or end of a word to get a new word with a changed meaning.
im- in impossible; ntier- in international
-able in agreeable; -er in learner
English Affixes could be divided into two groups:
Prefixes and Suffixes
A letter or group of letters added to the beginning of a word to get a new word with a changed meaning.
im- in impossible; inter- in international; un- in unaffected
A letter or group of letters added to the end of a word to get a new word with a changed meaning.
-able in agreeable; -er in learner; -ness in quickness
ENGLISH PREFIXES – A
Used to form: adjectives, adverbs and nouns
General meaning: not, without
acellular / amoral / apolitical / atheism / atheist / atypical
Used to form: nouns and verbs
General meaning: addition, tendency
adjoin / adjudge / admixture
Used to form: adjectives, adverbs and nouns
General meaning: both of two
ambidexterity / ambidextrous / ambivalence / ambivalent
Used to form: adjectives, nouns and verbs
General meaning: prior to; in front of
antedate / antenatal / anterior / ante-room
Used to form: adjectives and nouns
General meaning: against; the opposite of; preventing
anti-aircraft / anti-bacterial / antibiotic / antibody / anti-choice / anticlerical / anticlimax / anticlockwise / anticoagulant / anti-competitive / anti-copying / anti-corruption / anticyclone / antidepressant / anti-drug / anti-encroachment / anti-extremism / antifreeze / anti-globalization / anti-graft / antigravity / anti-hate / anti-hero / anti-inflammatory / anti-liquor / anti-lock / anti-malarial / anti-national / antioxidant / antiparticle / anti-people / anti-personnel / antiperspirant / anti-poaching / antipyretic / antiretroviral / anti-rowdy / anti-sabotage / antiseptic / antisocial / anti-stalking / antitank / anti-terror / anti-terrorism / anti-theft / antitrust / antiviral / antivirus
ENGLISH SUFFIXES – A
Used to form: adjectives, adverbs and nouns
General meaning: that can, should or must be done; having the characteristic of
adaptable / agreeable / amenable / amicable / appreciable / approachable / assessable / avertable / avoidable / believable / breakable / calculable / changeable / chargeable / comfortable / companionable / computable / conceivable / controllable / curable / decipherable / declarable / desirable / detectable / detestable / doable / enjoyable / escapable / excitable / explainable / explicable / exploitable / fashionable / foreseeable / graspable / honorable / imaginable / imperturbable / indubitable / inevitable / justifiable / manageable / moveable / noticeable / observable / payable / pleasurable / portable / preventable / punishable / quantifiable / questionable / ratable / reachable / readable / reasonable / reckonable / recognizable / reliable / reputable / respectable / serviceable / sociable / stoppable / taxable / traceable / transferable / translatable / transportable / understandable / usable / utilizable / variable / washable / wearable / workable
Used to form: nouns
General meaning: a level of skill, intelligence, etc.
capability / curability / excitability / inescapability / inevitability / playability / preventability / serviceability / unavoidability / usability / workability
Used to form: adverbs
General meaning: skillful and well; in a particular manner
affably / capably / charitably / comfortably / demonstrably / indisputably / inevitably / irritably / notably / noticeably / presumably / probably / reasonably / remarkably
Used to form: nouns
General meaning: the position, quality, state or status of
accuracy / adequacy / delicacy / democracy / intimacy / primacy / privacy / supremacy
Powerhouse presentations that engage and move your audience
Imagine if every presentation received rapt attention and buy-in from the audience.
Start getting these results with Own the Room, featuring the renowned Eloqui Method-innovative techniques that leave boring behind.
Research shows a memorable presentation is a combination of stirring your audience's emotions while appealing to its intellect. This team of authors has developed techniques that tap into the persuasive, expressive aspects of presentations-employed over the past ten years by Fortune 500 companies such as TD Ameritrade, Mattel, Fisher-Price, Merrill Lynch, Siemens, and Pfizer.
This effective method brings you:
An award-winning actor who applies performance techniques from the stage to engage and move an audience
A television and film director who demonstrates how to craft and deliver your message with authority, credibility, and authenticity
A psychologist who specializes in memory and stage fright and reveals how to overcome fear and activate an audience's attention and memory
Own the Room is written by a unique set of authors with the expertise perfect for creating vivid narratives. Own the Room shares how to excite your audience's emotions and intellect. And Own the Room will give you a communication toolkit to make any presentation lively, compelling, and memorable.
What did Einstein, JFK, Edison, Marie Curie, and Henry Ford have in common? They were all inveterate doodlers. These powerhouse minds knew instinctively that doodling is deep thinking in disguise-a simple, accessible, and dynamite tool for innovating and solving even the stickiest problems.
Sunni Brown's mission is to bring the power of the Doodle to the rest of us. She leads the Revolution defying all those parents, teachers, and bosses who say Stop doodling! Get serious! Grow up! She overturns misinformation about doodling, demystifies visual thinking, and shows us the power of applying our innate visual literacy. She'll teach you how to doodle any object, concept, or system imaginable, shift habitual thinking patterns, and transform boring text into displays that can engage any audience.
Sunni Brown was named one of the "100 Most Creative People in Business" and one of the "10 Most Creative People on Twitter" by Fast Company. She is founder of a creative consultancy, an international speaker, the co-author of Gamestorming, and the leader of a global campaign for visual literacy called The Doodle Revolution. Her TED Talk on doodling has drawn more than a million views on TED.com. Her work on visual literacy and gaming has been featured in over 35 nationally-syndicated news programs and reported on in The Wall Street Journal, CNN.com, the BBC, Fast Company, Inc. Magazine, etc. She lives in Keep Austin Weird, Texas.
From the Trade Paperback edition.
In a world of mounting complexity and rapid-fire change, it's more important than ever to build teams that work well when the pressure is on. Craig Weber provides managers and team leaders with the communication tools they need to ensure that the team remains on track even when dealing with its most troublesome issues, responds to tough challenges with greater agility and skill, and performs brilliantly in circumstances that incapacitate less disciplined teams.
Craig Weber is an international consultant specializing in team and leadership development.
Synonym is a word that has the same or nearly the same meaning as another word.
English Synonyms – A
001. ABET -- (meaning) to encourage somebody to do something illegal
Synonyms for ‘Abet’ --
incite / instigate / provoke
002. ABEYANCE -- (meaning) being stopped for a period of time
Synonyms for ‘Abeyance’ --
dormancy / intermission / suspension
003. ABILITY -- (meaning) the fact that somebody is able to do something
Synonyms for ‘Ability’ --
aptitude / capability / competence / knack / potential / proficiency / skill / talent
004. ABLAZE -- (meaning) burning; on fire
Synonyms for ‘Ablaze’ --
aflame / afire / alight
005. ABRASIVE -- (meaning) not smooth
Synonyms for ‘Abrasive’ --
coarse / harsh / rough
006. ABSENCE -- (meaning) not available, present, etc.
Synonyms for ‘Absence’ --
nonexistence / nonappearance / nonattendance
007. ABSTRUSE -- (meaning) difficult to understand
Synonyms for ‘Abstruse’ --
arcane / complicated / convoluted / esoteric / garbled / inarticulate / incoherent / incomprehensible / indecipherable / inexplicable / intricate / obscure / rarefied / recondite / unfathomable / unintelligible / unplumbed
008. ABUSE -- (meaning) unfair or cruel treatment
Synonyms for ‘Abuse’ --
brutality / cruelty / exploitation / ill-treatment / maltreatment / mistreatment / misuse / spitefulness / viciousness
009. ABYSS -- (meaning) a very deep crack in the ground
Synonyms for ‘Abyss’ --
chasm / gulf
010. ACCEDE -- (meaning) to agree to a demand, request, proposal, etc.
Synonyms for ‘Accede’ --
acquiesce / approve / assent / commend / comply / endorse / grant / permission / ratify / sanction
011. ACCENTUATE -- (meaning) to make something more noticeable
Synonyms for ‘Accentuate’ --
emphasize / highlight / underline / underscore
012. ACCLIMATIZE -- (meaning) to get used to new situation
Synonyms for ‘Acclimatize’ --
adapt / adjust
013. ACCOMPLISH -- (meaning) to succeed in getting something
Synonyms for ‘Accomplish’ --
attain / conquer / manage
014. ACCOST -- (meaning) to come near to somebody/something
Synonyms for ‘Accost’ --
advance / approach / confront
015. ACCREDITED -- (meaning) officially recognized
Synonyms for ‘Accredited’ --
certified / endorsed / licensed
016. ACCRUAL -- (meaning) increase in something over a period of time
Synonyms for ‘Accrual’ --
accretion / addition / amassing / buildup / gathering
017. ACCUSE -- (meaning) to say somebody is guilty of something
Synonyms for ‘Accuse’ --
arraign / blame / charge / impeach / indict / prosecute
018. ACQUIT -- (meaning) to say officially that somebody is not guilty for a crime
Synonyms for ‘Acquit’ --
absolve / exculpate / exonerate
019. ADMIRATION -- (meaning) praise or approval
Synonyms for ‘Admiration’ --
acclaim / accolade / applause / approbation / commendation / ovation
020. ADMIRING -- (meaning) behavior that shows that you respect somebody/something
Synonyms for ‘Admiring’ --
chivalrous / considerate / courteous / deferential / gracious / respectful / reverent / reverential
021. ADROIT -- (meaning) skillful and accurate
Synonyms for ‘Adroit’ --
agile / deft / dexterous / natty / nifty / nimble / swift
022. ALARMING -- (meaning) causing feeling of fear and worry
Synonyms for ‘Alarming’ --
baffling / bewildering / confounding / disconcerting / disquieting / distressing / perplexing / puzzling / tormenting / upsetting / worrying
For more than 60 years, American Institute of Parliamentarians Standard Code of Parliamentary Procedure (formerly, the Sturgis Standard Code) has been helping meeting organizers and participants ensure fairness and justice on a consistent basis. This updated edition provides important new motions and protocols pertaining to electronic meetings, discipline, and finance and audit committees.
“The Standard Code lays out the rules in a clear, concise, and readable format for all to use.”
—former U.S. Senator Don Nickles
“Meeting rules can be abstruse, even to the point of frustration to the average member in an organization. The Standard Code promises to keep the rules simple and understandable—and has delivered on its promise for more than sixty years.”
—Robert Dove, Parliamentarian Emeritus of the United States Senate
“Takes uncommon terminology and puts it in everyday terms for more clarity in meetings. The Standard Code is an important addition to any parliamentary library.”
—Ronald R. Stinson, NAP President 2009-2011
“The meeting-attendee who picks this book up will not only become proficient in the use of the meeting rules, but will also learn the important democratic principles behind the rules.”
—Congressman Mike Simpson (Idaho)
“Comprehensive and easily understandable.”
—Perry Opin, D.D.S., M.Sc.D., Speaker of the House of Delegates of the Connecticut State Dental Association
English Idioms and Phrases -- A
001. -- State governments should add more teeth to anti-ragging law. [‘add more teeth’ -- to make something more effective]
002. -- Financial issues are further going to add to their woes.
003. -- He appeared to be taken aback when it was revealed to him that an avid fan had his face tattooed on his arm. || We all were taken aback by bomb attacks. [‘taken aback’ -- very surprised]
004. -- Our opponents hold all the Aces as they are strong where we are weak. [‘hold all the aces’ -- to have all the advantages]
005. -- From all accounts, he was a loving family man. || From all accounts, he is a smart, fair-minded, detail-oriented middle-of-the road jurist. [‘from all accounts’ -- according to what other people say]
006. -- An accidental fire in your home is not considered an act of God because it could have been prevented. [‘act of God’ -- an event that is caused by natural forces]
007. -- The celebration started a day in advance. [‘in advance’ -- ahead of time]
008. -- Budget data revealed an alarming state of affairs. [‘state of affairs’ -- situation]
009. -- My birthday is going to be a quiet affair with a nice dinner. || We want our wedding to be a quiet affair.
010. -- Democracy requires that we agree to differ. [‘agree to differ’ -- (of people) to decide not to argue with each other over their different opinions about something.]
011. -- Her clarification did not clear the air. [‘clear the air’ -- to improve a tense situation]
012a. -- When the residents started receiving mysterious threats, there was an air of mystery and fear.
012b. -- The air of celebration was evident outside the president’s office.
013a. -- It was fortunate that he arrived and erased the negativity in the air.
013b. -- There was an evil smell in the air.
014a. -- Body is nothing but a pile of ashes and it will one day disappear into thin air.
014b. -- Money was vanishing into thin air.
015. -- I do not think we will be paying much more, if at all we do.
016. -- If you stop her doing anything, she wants to do it all the more. [‘all the more’ -- extra]
017. -- These problems are needed to be solved once and for all. [‘once and for all’ -- forever]
018. -- All of a sudden, there was fire. | All of a sudden a warm gust of wind came. [‘all of a sudden’ -- surprisingly]
019. -- I learnt computer programming all by myself. || It is a lot of work, and I do it all by myself. || He had to run the family all by himself.
020. -- Workers were clearly in no mood to listen let alone comply with the request. || They could not figure out how to punish corrupt officials, let alone fix them. [‘let alone’ -- used to emphasize that because the first thing is not true, possible, etc. the next thing cannot be true, possible, etc. either]
021. -- A saddle tank on the tractor-trailer came apart and caused a diesel spill. [‘come apart’ -- to shatter]
022. -- In less than a fortnight of its formation, the Joint Committee for drafting the bill is falling apart. || Talks on a deal finally fell apart. [‘fall apart’ -- to collapse]
023. -- Storm has torn apart the lives of thousands of people. [‘tear apart’ -- to destroy]
024. -- We are poles apart. || Two exhibitions in prominent galleries immediately next to each other showed works that were poles apart in concept. [‘pole apart’ -- completely opposite]
025. -- We expected him to keep his business affairs in apple pie order. || Everything inside the shop was spick and span and in apple pie order, from the well-polished service counters to the glistening display cabinets. [‘in apple pie order’ -- well organized]
026. -- Government maintained arms length distance in all matters relating to film certification. [‘arms length distance’ -- to avoid having a close relationship]
027. -- Nation welcomed new football coach with open arms. || European counties had welcomed the refugees with open arms. [‘with open arms’ -- in an extremely happy manner]
Verb ‘To Be’
Verb ‘To Be’ -- Negative Patterns
Verb ‘To Be’ -- Interrogative Patterns
1A. English Grammar – ‘Am’
1B. AM + -ING Form of Verb
1C. AM + Being + Past Participle
1D. AM + Past Participle
2A. English Grammar – ‘Is’
2B. IS + -ING Form of Verb
2C. IS + Being + Past Participle
2D. IS + Past Participle
3A. English Grammar – ‘Are’
3B. ARE + -ING Form of Verb
3C. ARE + Being + Past Participle
3D. ARE + Past Participle
4A. English Grammar – ‘Was’
4B. WAS + -ING Form of Verb
4C. WAS + Being + Past Participle
4D. WAS + Past Participle
5A. English Grammar – ‘Were’
5B. WERE + -ING Form of Verb
5C. WERE + Being + Past Participle
5D. WERE + Past Participle
(1): Question Tags
(2): Short Answers (Ellipsis]
(3): Addition to Remarks
(4): There Is/Was and There Are/Were
(5): Subjunctive Mood – ‘Were’
(6): Be + Going To + Verb Word
(7): ‘Used to’ Vs. ‘Be + Used to’
(8): Be + To + Verb Word
(9): Be + ‘Being”+ Adjective
(10): Mixed Sentences
Exercises: 1(A) and 1(B)
Exercises: 2(A) to 2(E)
Verb ‘To Be’
The Verb ‘to be’ is used to represent the following English verbs:
‘Am’, ‘Is’, ‘Are’, ‘Was’, ‘Were’
The verb ‘to be’ is used as both linking verb and auxiliary verb.
A verb that connects a subject with the complement (adjective or noun) that describes it.
Example: He is an engineer. [In this sentence, subject (he) and noun (engineer) is connected by linking verb ‘is’. There is no main verb in this sentence.]
Some more examples:
I am happy. [linking verb – am]
Is he good boy? [linking verb – is]
We are very proud of ourselves. [linking verb – are]
She was intelligent. [linking verb – was]
They were not late by half an hour. [linking verb – were]
A verb which is used with main verb to show tenses, etc.
Example: He is going to office. [In this sentence, -ing form of main verb ‘go’ has been used with auxiliary verb ‘is’.
Some more examples:
I am studying a book. [auxiliary verb – am | main verb – study (-ing form)]
He is working on his project [auxiliary verb – is | main verb – work (-ing form)]
We are not expected to tell the secret. [auxiliary verb – are | main verb – expect (past participle form)]
She was taught by me. [auxiliary verb – was | main verb – teach (past participle form)]
Were they burdened by high taxation [auxiliary verb – were | main verb – burden (past participle form)]
IMPORTANT POINTS ABOUT VERB ‘TO BE’
Used In Present Tense
Used with Subject ‘I’
Used In Present Tense
Used with Subject ‘He’ ‘She’, ‘It’ and other Singular Subjects
Used In Present Tense
Used with Subject ‘We’, ‘You’, ‘They’ and other Plural Subjects
Used In Past Tense
Used with Subject ‘I’, ‘He’, She’, ‘It’ and other Singular Subjects
Used In Past Tense
Used with Subject ‘We’, ‘You’ and other Plural Subjects
If you think you have what it takes to speak professionally, or you've already been doing so with insufficient reward, now is the time to make your move.
Bestselling business author and Professional Speaking Hall of Fame member Alan Weiss offers the inside advice you need to turn your talent into a high-paying career—from honing your delivery skills to building a business. In Million Dollar Speaking, you’ll learn the critical skills ofDealing with difficult crowds Creating powerful speeches Targeting high-potential markets Creating a "star" reputation Setting fees that reflect your outstanding value Perfecting platform skills—making ¬them the best in the business Expanding your business through diversification
Weiss has packed the guide with tips, resources, helpful examples, and checklists that make it easy for you to keep a record of your progress. Whether you're a trainer, workshop leader, or consultant, Million Dollar Speaking has what you need to get on the paid public-speaking circuit in no time.
Straightforward advice on making your speeches sparkle
With the right preparation even the most nervous speaker can deliver a winning presentation. Public Speaking & Presentations For Dummies shows you how, from drafting your content to honing your tone for a perfect delivery. More confident speakers can find expert advice on getting visual aids right, impromptu speaking, dazzling in roundtables, and much more.
Discover how toOrganise your speech Conquer your fears Research content effectively Get your body language right Use humour properly Speak to a foreign audience
Meetings cost time and money. Many meetings end with no results or outcome. How can you be sure you are using your time and money effectively? The answer: with proper training.
Even MBA graduates have never had a course in how to plan, organize, and present an effective meeting. That is the subject of this new book which will teach the proper skills and training to get great results with every meeting, every time! You will learn the checklists for planning your meeting, setting the agenda, strategic planning, how the physical setting can be improved, how to properly open a meeting, handling difficult people and maintaining control, how to assess and evaluate your meetings, and the correct method to end a meeting. Good meetings don't just happen, they are planned and created.
Atlantic Publishing is a small, independent publishing company based in Ocala, Florida. Founded over twenty years ago in the company presidentâe(tm)s garage, Atlantic Publishing has grown to become a renowned resource for non-fiction books. Today, over 450 titles are in print covering subjects such as small business, healthy living, management, finance, careers, and real estate. Atlantic Publishing prides itself on producing award winning, high-quality manuals that give readers up-to-date, pertinent information, real-world examples, and case studies with expert advice. Every book has resources, contact information, and web sites of the products or companies discussed.
THE MESSAGE OF YOU begins with a simple belief - that your greatest speech already exists and that it has already been delivered in front of a live audience masterfully and powerfully by you. Best-selling author and international comic, Judy Carter sets out to prove that THE MESSAGE OF YOU is in the advice you give to your friends; in the lessons you teach your children; in the stories you tell your family. It's expressed through the volunteer work you do, the way you run your business, the way you turned your messes into successes. THE MESSAGE OF YOU is a distillation of all of your experiences, both personal and professional, that form the narrative meaning of your life. A meaning that you can develop into a well-written, funny speech to inspire audiences, enhance your current profession, and launch a successful money making career as a professional speaker.
In Part One of the book, Judy leads you through a series of in-depth exercises meant to mine your personal and professional experiences for stories that establish your qualifications, your problem/solutions, your action steps and your methodology. In Part Two, Judy has created a six-step structure for writing an entertaining and informative speech, guiding you through each step in detail. But the real bonus of THE MESSAGE OF YOU is that Judy is a comic. Her "Comedy Pass" chapter takes you through simple but effective comedy writing techniques that will transform even a flat PowerPoint snoozer into a knee-slapping showstopper of a keynote. Once your speech is well-written and funny, Judy takes you through Part Three, teaching you how to take your message to the masses with inexpensive but essential marketing tips.
The Message of You offers an accessible approach, big picture guidance, and nitty-gritty nuts and bolts of sound advice.
Judy has been a comedy and speaking coach for over twenty years. She's a firm believer that how you present your ideas is just as important as the ideas themselves. She knows that humor and strong content are the missing ingredients in most speeches and her book, THE MESSAGE OF YOU helps you discover both your message and your comedic voice by taking you through the same process she uses to coach her private clients.
Homonym a word that is spelt like another word (or pronounced like it) but which has a different meaning, for example Key meaning ‘set of answer to problems’ and Key meaning ‘button on computer keyboard’.
The state of being a homonym is called homonymy.
Very Important Note:
In Strict Sense, Homonyms have same spelling, same pronunciation, and different meaning.
HOMONYMS in Strict Sense:
Same Spelling / Same Pronunciation / Different meaning
Homonyms are also known as “Multiple Meaning Words”.
Examples: fare, principal, etc.
Fare -- a passenger | Fare -- price
Principal -- most important | Principal -- head of a school
In Wider Sense, Homonyms can also include words that have same or similar pronunciation (but different spelling) or same spelling (but different pronunciation).
In first situation, they are called ‘HOMOPHONES’
In second situation, they are called ‘HOMOGRAPHS’
HOMONYMS In Wider Sense:
Different Spelling / Same or Similar Pronunciation / Different meaning
Note: ‘Homophones’ are also called ‘Heterographs’.
Homophones are also known as “Sound-Alike Words”.
Examples: ad/add, know/no, etc.
ad -- advertisement | add -- to include
know -- to have information | no -- refusal
Same Spelling / Different Pronunciation / Different meaning
Note: ‘Homographs’ are also called ‘Heterophones’.
Examples: bow, lead, etc.
Bow (noun) -- [Pronunciation -- boʊ] -- a weapon used for shooting arrows
Bow (verb) -- [Pronunciation -- baʊ] -- to move your head forwards and downwards
Lead (noun) -- [Pronunciation -- led] -- a metallic element
Lead (verb) -- [Pronunciation -- li:d] -- to go in front
100 HOMONYMS ALONG WITH THEIR MEANINGS:
1. Accident -- an event in which injury or damage is caused in or by vehicle
2. Accident -- something that happens unexpectedly
1. Action -- a legal process
2. Action -- fighting in a war
1. Alight -- on fire
2. Alight -- to get out of a vehicle
1. Angle -- inclination of two lines with each, measure in degrees
2. Angle -- to catch fish
1. Arch -- curve; semicircle
2. Arch -- mischievous
600 HOMOPHONE PAIRS ALONG WITH THEIR MEANINGS:
01. Abhorrent / Aberrant
1. Abhorrent -- causing hatred for moral reasons
2. Aberrant -- unusual and socially unacceptable
02. Accede / Exceed
1. Accede -- to agree
2. Exceed -- to surpass
03. Accept / Except
1. Accept -- to admit
2. Except -- apart from
04. Acclamation / Acclimation
1. Acclamation -- loud and enthusiastic welcome
2. Acclimation -- process of getting used to a new climate or situation
05. Adapt / Adept / Adopt
1. Adapt -- to adjust or modify
2. Adept -- skillful
3. Adopt -- to become legal parents of somebody’s child
150 HOMOGRAPHS ALONG WITH THEIR MEANINGS:
1. Absent (adjective) -- not present
2. Absent (verb) -- to not be in a place
1. Abuse (noun) -- misuse
2. Abuse (verb) -- to misuse something
1. Accent (noun) -- pronunciation
2. Accent (verb) -- to put emphasis on a part of something
1. Address (noun) -- details of the place where you live or work; postal address
2. Address (verb) -- to make a formal speech
1. Advocate (noun) -- supporter of something
2. Advocate (verb) -- to support something publicly
• How to overcome shyness and put other people at ease
• How to choose an appropriate conversation topic for any situation
• How to ace a job interview, run a meeting, and mingle at a cocktail party
• What the most successful conversationalists have in common
• The one great question you can ask to enhance your conversation with anyone, anytime, anywhere
From the Hardcover edition.
The Pin Drop Principle is a step-by-step master class for anyone wishing to become a more confident and credible communicator. Lewis and Mills believe all business professionals ought to deliver their message in such an engaging way that one could literally hear a pin drop when they speak. The secret to doing so comes from an unusual world: professional acting. By activating "objective" and "intention"—the main tools of actors (and great communicators)—business people can give their messages meaning and relevance, so the recipients walk away knowing why the message is important and what is in it for them.Empowers business professionals with performance-based delivery techniques—from storytelling to vocal dynamics—essential to becoming a great communicator Written for anyone wishing to engage listeners, establish instant credibility, influence key decision makers, and create a positive lasting impression Based on the Pinnacle Method, one of the most popular and groundbreaking communication skills training methods
The Pin Drop Principle is an accessible resource for anyone who routinely needs to present ideas to large or small groups, convey feedback effectively, conduct difficult conversations, and persuade others.
Editor William Safire has collected a diverse range of speeches from both ancient and modern times, from people of many different backgrounds and political affiliations, and from people on both sides of history’s greatest battles and events. This book provides a wealth of valuable examples of great oratory for writers, speakers, and history aficionados.
You know that how you begin a business conversation or meeting sets the stage for success. But coming up with just the right words can be another matter. Perfect Phrases for Icebreakers has hundreds of ready-to-use phrases to get your interactions off on the right foot. From jump-starting meetings to motivating teams to turning any situation into a positive networking event, this streamlined guide provides you with the right words to:Highlight important topics in meetings or conversations Motivate people to share resources and support Add levity to personal or group interactions Inspire collaboration and creativity Pique curiosity about your message
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Equal coverage is given to both sides of each debate in a dual column format which allows for easy comparison. Each entry also includes a list of related topics and suggestions for possible motions.
The introductory essay describes debating technique, covering the rules, structure and type of debate, and offering tips on how to become a successful speaker. The book is then divided into eight thematic sections, where specific subjects are covered individually.
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This guide offers sound advice on every aspect of writing and giving an effective speech. Filled with fresh examples and practical tips, this accessible book shows how to improve both the content and delivery of any presentation.
Learn how to:
- Assess an audience
- Research your subject
- Give team presentations
- Speak to international audiences
- Use humor
- Create a memorable style
- Handle copyright issues
- Use PowerPoint and other audio-visuals
- Handle Q&A sessions
- Control nervousness
Updated with brand new sections, How to Write and Give a Speech will help both novices and experts speak with clarity, confidence, and clout.
1. What is an “Exclamation”?
2. Exclamatory Sentences
3. Exclamatory Sentences with ‘What’
4. Exclamatory Sentences with ‘How’
5. Exclamatory Sentences with So and Such
6. Exclamations in Declarative Sentences
7. Exclamations in Interrogative Sentences
8. Exclamations in Imperative Sentences
9. Detailed List of Interjections
10. Using ‘Common Words’ as Exclamations
11. Useful Exclamatory Phrases/Sentences
12. Other Patterns
13. List of Emotions Shown by Exclamations
1. What is an “Exclamation”?
DEFINITION: An exclamation (or interjection) is a short sound, word or phrase which is spoken suddenly to express strong emotion.
Exclamatory words that can stand alone as a sentence while expressing emotions or reactions are called exclamations (or interjections).
Exclamation mark (!) should be written after an exclamation. “Exclamation Mark” is called "Exclamation Point" in American English.
There are many exclamatory words (interjections or exclamations) which are often used in daily life. Some of these words express one strong emotion while others express two or more strong emotions. They do not have a grammatical purpose in the sentence and are not associated to the other parts of the sentence. They do not play the role of a subject or a verb. They can stand by themselves, or are placed before, after or in middle of a sentence to express a strong emotion or feeling.
Exclamatory Word -- Alas!
Represents feeling of ‘Sadness, Sorry’
Exclamatory Word -- Um!
Represents feeling of ‘Hesitation’
Exclamatory Word -- Yum!
Represents feeling of ‘Pleasant Taste or Smell’
You can use exclamations to show the following emotions:
admiration, affection, anger, annoyance, anticipation, apathy, approval, attention, awe, confusion, delight, despair, disappointment, disapproval, discontent, dislike, distress, eagerness, elation, enjoyment, excitement, fear, frustration, grief, happiness, humour, hurt, irritation, joy, love, mourning, pain, panic, pleasure, pride, remorse, respect, shame, shock, sorrow, sorry, surprise, sympathy, terror, wonder, etc.
(1). Use Of An Exclamation (Interjection) In A Sentence
(a). Beginning A Sentence With An Interjection
When you begin a sentence with an interjection you can place either comma (,) or exclamatory mark (point) (!) after the interjection.
Ah, what a wonderful gift!
Comma (,) after an interjection expresses less emotion.
Ah! What a wonderful gift!
Exclamatory mark (point) (!) after an interjection expresses more emotion.
Note: Both the sentences have exclamatory mark at the end.
Obviously, both are exclamatory sentences. But second one is more emphatic. Also note: if you put comma after an interjection then next word in the sentence will begin from small letter but if you put exclamatory mark after an interjection then next word in the sentence will begin from capital letter.
Important Note: You can also end the sentence with period (.) or question mark (?) to show mild emotion.
Ah, what a wonderful gift.
Ah! What a wonderful gift.
Wow, We won.
Oh, did you go there?
(B). Use Of An Interjection In The Middle Of A Sentence
Hundreds of people, alas, feared killed in a massive landslide.
Albert Einstein was born in...er…Germany.
You deleted my folder…um…my file!
(C). Use Of An Interjection At The End Of A Sentence
So got married, huh!
What do you think of me, eh?
Updated to include Steve Jobs's iPad and iPad2 launch presentations
Learn to deliver a presentation like Apple's Steve Jobs with help from 12 demonstration video clips of sure-fire techniques!
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--Cliff Atkinson, author of Beyond Bullet Points and The Activist Audience
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In what doesn’t sound like the best plan ever, David decided to overcome his fears by pretending to be an accomplished comedian called "Irish Dave" for one full year, crashing as many comedy clubs, festivals, and shows as possible. One part of the plan was at least logical: he was already Irish and already called Dave.
In one year, David went from being deathly afraid of public speaking to hosting a business conference, regularly performing stand-up comedy and winning storytelling competitions in front of packed houses. And he did it by learning from some of the best public speakers in the world: stand-up comedians.
Do You Talk Funny?: 7 Comedy Habits to Become a Better (and Funnier) Public Speaker shows how the key principles of stand-up comedy can be applied to your speaking engagements and presentations to make you funnier, more interesting, and better looking. (Or at least two of the three.) Whether you are preparing for a business presentation, giving a wedding toast, defending your thesis, raising money from investors, or simply want to take on something you're afraid of, this book will take you from sweaty to stage-ready.
You’ll learn how to:
- Craft a story and content that your audience will want to listen to
- Find the funniest parts of your material and how to get to them faster
- Deal with stage fright
- Master the two most important parts of your performance: timing and delivery
Ten percent of the author's proceeds from this book will go to Arash Bayatmakou via Help Hope Live until he is fully back on his feet and thereafter to one of the many facing the same challenges after suffering a severe spinal cord injury.
How to Start a Sentence
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘AS’
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘AFTER’ and ‘BEFORE’
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘BY’
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘FOR/FROM
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘IF’
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘OF/ON/OUT’
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘TO’
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘IN’
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘WITH’
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘QUESTION WORDS’
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘ING’ FORM of VERBS
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘PAST PARTICIPLES’
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘-LY Words’
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘PRONOUNS’
Start a Sentence – Miscellaneous
Exercises: 1(A) and 1(B)
Exercises: 2(A) and 2(B)
There are different ways to start a sentence in English. Using pronoun (I, we, you, they, he, she, it) is the most popular way to begin a sentence. But there are many other words which are widely used to start a sentence. They might be question words (what, where, etc.). They might be words formed from verbs, ending in –ing, -ed, -en, etc. Besides, words such as ‘to’ ‘in’ ‘with’, ‘if’, ‘after’ are also used to begin a sentence.
Here, you will learn various words and phrases to start a sentence with.
Starting a sentence with ‘and’ or ‘but’ is correct or not!
Using ‘And’ or ‘But’ to begin a sentence is generally considered grammatically Incorrect. But there is no hard and fast rule in this regard. So, you can use ‘And’ or ‘But’ to begin a sentence. But avoid excessive use of these words to begin a sentence. Use these words in the beginning of a sentence only when they really give strength to your language.
Note: It is said that a sentence should not be begun with a conjunction of any kind, especially one of the FANBOYS (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so). But this is not hard and fast rule. Particularly in spoken English, starting a sentence with ‘And’ or ‘But’ is common.
How to start a sentence -- Using ‘AS’
As a matter of fact no notice was given to anyone.
As a policeman myself, I am aware of all the laws.
As against last time four days, the fair will last for five days this year.
As always, he won the match.
As an interim arrangement, we directed the authorities not to return the land.
As fate would have it, he crossed the international border.
As for David, he is doing fine.
As he got busy, she picked up his son.
As he grew older, he developed his communications skills.
As if the bad power situation in the city wasn’t enough, the hike in power tariff has come as the last straw for residents.
As in the past, party president distanced herself from the government’s unpopular decision.
As long as here is violence by unruly mobs, use of police force is inevitable.
As often happened, he forgot to send me reply.
As part of the deal, they will hand-over control of five west bank towns.
As penance, he vowed to never scold any kid ever again.
As per his version, nobody had got injured in the incident.
As per rules, the same bill should be passed by the two Houses of the Parliament before it is sent to the President for his signature and promulgation for implementation.
As sanitary workers are absent on most of the days, sweeping of that road is also irregular resulting in trash along the road.
As the bus was nearing, / As the bus neared him, he moved aside.
As the day progressed, over a hundred men protestors gathered at the office.
As the electric cables are hanging loosely, it may anytime lead to major accident if any passer-by comes into contact.
As the mercury levels are dropping each day, difficulties for the poor are constantly rising.
As the war widened, they had to leave the city.
As we progresses, it is going to become more and more difficult.
As you know, I have sent him a letter.
English modal auxiliary verbs - may, might, can, could, will, would, shall, should, must, need, used(to), ought(to), dare | different patterns and examples | may and might are used to express- possibility, compulsion, obligation, probability (in present and future) | can, could are used to express- ability, probability, possibility, suggestion, request, condition | will, would are used to express- action in future, present habit, compulsion, obligation | shall, should are used to express- action in future, suggestion, surprise, importance or purpose | need is used to express necessity | used(to) is used to express- past habit | ought(to) is used to express- probability, recommendation, obligation, advise | dare is used to express– be brave enough to
Modal Auxiliary Verb -- May and Might
‘May’ and ‘Might’ are used to show Possibility and Probability
‘May’ and ‘Might’ are used to ask for Permission
‘May’ is used to give or refuse Permission
Some Important Uses of ‘May’ and ‘Might’
To say what the purpose of something is
We eat that we may live.
Her prayer was that the child might live.
That he might be well fed his mother starved herself.
To admit that something is true before introducing another point, argument, etc.
You may not return to past glory, but don't stop believing.
City may not have the roads to drive sports car, but it has excellent infrastructure.
It may not be wise, but using force may be lawful.
I may not have deserved the house I bought, but I'm glad I own it.
He may not have been loved, but he was respected.
We may have had to go without food, but he is very considerate.
‘May’ is used to express wishes and hopes
May you live prosperous life!
‘May’ is used to give or refuse Permission [In Informal and Polite Way]
You may contact us for queries regarding donations.
When you have finished your work you may go home.
Note: Never use ‘might’ to give permission. [Always use ‘may’]
Never use ‘might not’ to refuse permission. [Always use ‘may not’]
Difference between ‘May’ and ‘Might’
Note: ‘Might’ is the past equivalent of ‘may’ in indirect speech.
But it is used in the same way as ‘may’ to talk about the present or future.
‘May’ denotes more possibility/probability
‘Might’ denotes less possibility/probability
It may rain tomorrow (Perhaps a 75% chance) - More possible
It might rain tomorrow (Perhaps a 50% chance) - Less possible
‘Might’ also denotes ‘would perhaps’
You might attract President’s attention later. (= Perhaps you would attract.)
He might have to go (Perhaps he had to go.)
‘Might’ is frequently used In conditional sentences
If I pursued studies further, I might learn more.
If I had pursued studies further, I might have learned more.
‘Might’ has limitations while ‘asking permission’
‘Might’ is very polite and formal. It is not common. It is mostly used in indirect questions.
I wonder if I might work on your computer.
Note: ‘Maybe’ is an adverb. [‘Maybe’ means ‘perhaps’]
Maybe he came to know something secret and was removed from the post.
Difference Between ‘May’ and ‘Can’
‘May’ is more formal than ‘Can’
‘May’ is mostly used in ‘formal’ English.
‘Can’ is mostly used in ‘informal’ (or spoken) English
Sample This: Difficult English Words -- A --
0001 -- abandon (v.) -- to discard; to dump; to leave sb/sth permanently || related words: abandoned (adj.), abandonment (n.)
0002 -- abase (v.) -- to do sth that makes people have less respect for you; to degrade || related word: abasement (n.)
0003 -- abashed (adj.) -- ashamed in a social situation; embarrassed
0004 -- abate (v.) -- to become very weak; to fade away; to subside || related word: abatement (n.)
0005 -- abdicate (v.) -- to step down from the position of being king; to renounce; to give up || related word: abdication (n.)
0006 -- aberrant (adj.) -- abnormal, unsocial or weird; nonstandard || related word: aberration (n.)
0007 -- abet (v.) -- to assist, encourage or support sb in doing sth illegal, immoral, etc.
0008 -- abhor (v.) -- to extremely hate or dislike sb/sth for ethical reasons; to detest || related words: abhorrent (adj.), abhorrence (n.)
0009 -- abide (v.) -- to reside somewhere
0010 -- abiding (adj.) -- (of feelings, ideas, etc.) long lasting
0011 -- abject (adj.) -- having no hope or self-esteem; miserable || related word: abjectly (adv.)
0012 -- abjure (v.) -- to give up a belief or idea publicly; to renounce
0013 -- ablaze (adj.) -- on fire; afire | full of strong feelings, bright lights, etc.
0014 -- ablutions (n.) -- action of cleaning or washing yourself
0015 -- abnegate (v.) -- to reject sth that you like; to renounce || related word: abnegation (n.)
0016 -- abode (n.) -- the place where you reside/live; residence
0017 -- abolish (v.) -- to get rid of a law, rule, etc. officially; to eliminate || related words: abolition (n.), abolitionist (n.)
0018 -- abominate (v.) -- to hate intensely || related words: abominable (adj.), abomination (n.)
0019 -- aboriginal (adj.) -- primitive
0020 -- abortive (adj.) -- (of an action) unsuccessful
0021 -- abound (v.) -- to be plentiful
0022 -- about-turn (n.) -- reversal of a plan or opinion, etc.
0023 -- above board (adj./adv.) -- honest or genuine / honestly or genuinely
0024 -- abrasion (n.) -- cut or scratch
0025 -- abrasive (adj.) -- rough | rude || related words: abrasively (adv.), abrasiveness (n.)
0026 -- abreast (adv.) -- side by side
0027 -- abridge (v.) -- to shorten a book, etc. || related words: abridged (adj.), abridgement (n.)
0028 -- abrogate (v.) -- to officially cancel a law || related word: abrogation (n.)
0029 -- abrupt (adj.) -- sudden | impolite || related words: abruptly (adv.), abruptness (n.)
0030 -- abscond (v.) -- to run away; to escape
0031 -- abseil (v.) -- to descend a steep cliff
0032 -- absolution (n.) -- forgiveness
0033 -- absolutism (n.) -- rule by dictator; autocracy || related word: absolutist (adj./n.)
0034 -- absolve (v.) -- to officially forgive somebody
0035 -- abstain (v.) -- to give up or stay away from sth bad, illegal or immoral | to decide not to cast your vote in election | related words: abstainer (n.), abstention (n.)
0036 -- abstemious (adj.) -- self-disciplined
0037 -- abstinence (n.) -- restraint from eating or drinking because of ethical reasons | related word: abstinent (adj.)
0038 -- abstracted (adj.) -- absentminded || related word: abstractedly (adv.)
0039 -- abstruse (adj.) -- that cannot be understood easily; obscure
0040 -- abundant (adj.) -- plentiful || related word: abundantly (adv.)
0041 -- abut (v.) -- to be next to sth; to adjoin
0042 -- abysmal (adj.) -- extremely bad || related word: abysmally (adv.)
0042 -- abyss (n.) -- enormously deep hole
0044 -- accede (v.) -- to give approval to a plan, request, etc. | to become ruler
0045 -- accentuate (v.) -- to highlight something; to emphasize || related word: accentuation (n.)
0046 -- accession (n.) -- the state of becoming a ruler
0047 -- acclaim (v.) -- to praise or greet sb/sth in public || related word: acclamation (n.)
0048 -- acclimatize (acclimate) (v.) -- to get used to new climate, situation, etc. || related word: acclimatization (acclimation) (n.)
0049 -- accolade (n.) -- honor for a marvelous achievement
0050 -- accommodate (v.) -- to give a place to stay | to adjust | to oblige or help || related words: accommodating (adj.), accommodation (n.)
0051 -- accord (n./v.) -- official agreement | to agree officially
0052 -- accost (v.) -- to suddenly come close and talk to sb
0053 -- accouter (accouter) (v.) -- to put on special clothes, equipments, etc. | related word: accoutrements (n.)
0054 -- accredit (v.) -- to officially recognize sb/sth || related words: accredited (adj.), accreditation (n.)
0055 -- accretion (n.) -- addition of a layer in a gradual way; newly but slowly added layer
0056 -- accrue (v.) -- to mount up; to accumulate || related word: accrual (n.)
0057 -- acculturate (v.) -- to adjust yourself in different culture || related word: acculturation (n.)
0058 -- acerbic (adj.) -- bitter in speech || related word: acerbity (n.)
0059 -- Achilles heel (n.) -- weak point in character
0060 -- acme (n.) -- the highest point in development; peak
0061 -- acolyte (n.) -- helper of a leader
0062 -- acoustic (adj.) -- connected with sound | designed to make natural sound || related words: acoustically (adv.), acoustician (n.), acoustics (n.)
0063 -- acquiesce (v.) -- to agree without arguing || related words: acquiescent (adj.), acquiescence (n.)
0064 -- acrid (adj.) -- bitter
0065 -- acrimony (n.) -- bitterness or hostility || related words: acrimonious (adj.), acrimoniously (adv.)
0066 -- acrobat (n.) -- circus performer || related words: acrobatic (adj.), acrobatically (adv.), acrobatics (n.)
0067 -- acronym (n.) -- short form of a group of words
0068 -- acuity (n.) -- the ability to hear, see or think in a clear way
0069 -- acumen (n.) -- intelligence
0070 -- ad hominem (adj./adv.) -- (of criticism, etc.) targeted to sb’s character
0071 -- ad infinitum (adv.) -- infinitely or repeatedly
0072 -- ad nauseam (adv.) -- repeatedly in a boring way
0073 -- adamant (adj.) -- too determined; obstinate || related word: adamantly (adv.)
0074 -- adamantine (adj.) -- unbreakable
0075 -- addendum (n.) -- extra section in a book; appendix
0076 -- addle (v.) -- to confuse || related word: addled (adj.)
0077 -- adduce (v.) -- to cite sth
0078 -- adhere (v.) -- to stick fast to sth | to follow a particular set of rules || related word: adherence (n.)
0079 -- adherent (n.) -- supporter of a particular set of beliefs
0080 -- adhesive (adj./n.) -- sticky | glue || related word: adhesion (n.)
0081 -- adieu (exclamation) -- goodbye
0082 -- adjure (v.) -- to seriously request or urge sb to do something
0083 -- adlib (v.) -- to speak without preparation
0084 -- admonish (v.) -- to speak harshly to sb; to warn || related words: admonitory (adj.), admonition (n.)
0085 -- adore (v.) -- to admire or love || related words: adorable (adj.), adoring (adj.), adoringly (adv.), adorably (adv.), adoration (n.)
0086 -- adorn (v.) -- to decorate || related word: adornment (n.)
0087 -- adrift (adj.) -- floating | without aim
0088 -- adroit (adj.) -- able to deal with people cleverly || related words: adroitly (adv.), adroitness (n.)
0089 -- adumbrate (v.) -- to summarize
0090 -- advent (n.) -- arrival of an important person or event
0091 -- adventitious (adj.) -- unplanned; accidental
0092 -- aesthete (n.) -- admirer of art and beauty || related words: aesthetic (adj./n.), aesthetically (adv.), aesthetics (n.), aestheticism (n.)
0093 -- affable (adj.) -- friendly || related words: affably (adv.), affability (n.)
0094 -- affinity (n.) -- attraction or resemblance
0095 -- afflict (v.) -- to create trouble for sb || related word: affliction (n.)
0096 -- affluent (adj.) -- wealthy || related word: affluence (n.)
0097 -- affray (n.) -- fight or violence in a public place
0098 -- affront (n./v.) -- insulting remark | to insult or upset sb
0099 -- aficionado (n.) -- sb who is too much interested in a particular activity, subject, etc.: enthusiast
0100 -- aflame (adj.) -- on fire | colorful and brightly lit | excited
0101 -- agglomerate (adj./n./v.) -- formed into a mass | collection or mass | to collect and form a group || related word: agglomeration (n.)
0102 -- aggrandizement (n.) -- increase in the power of country or person
0103 -- aggravate (v.) -- to make sth worse || related words: aggravated (adj.), aggravating (adj.), aggravation (n.)
0104 -- aggrieved (adj.) -- angry or hurt
0105 -- aggro (n.) -- irritating problems, too aggressive behavior
0106 -- aghast (adj.) -- shocked
0107 -- agile (adj.) -- quick to notice sth; swift in movement || related word: agility (n.)
0108 -- agog (adj.) -- excited while trying to find out sth
0109 -- agonize (v.) -- to worry a lot || related words: agonized (adj.), agonizing (adj.), agonizingly (adv.)
0110 -- agony (n.) -- pain
0111 -- agrarian (adj.) -- related to farming
0112 -- aground (adv.) -- ashore
0113 -- ail (v.) -- to create problems | to make sb ill
0114 -- airy-fairy (adj.) -- impractical; idealistic
0115 -- ajar (adj.) -- (of a door, window, etc.) slightly open
0116 -- al fresco (adj./adv.) -- outdoors
0117 -- alacrity (n.) -- quickness in an excited way
0118 -- albatross (n.) -- something that creates difficulty and get in the way of progress
0119 -- alchemy (n.) -- magical power that can transform things
0120 -- alien (adj.) -- foreign | hostile
0121 -- alienate (v.) -- to lose your support with sb; to feel isolated || related word: alienation (n.)
0122 -- alight (adj./v.) -- on fire; shining brightly | to get down from the bus, etc.
0123 -- allay (v.) -- to reduce the intensity of feelings, emotions, etc.
0124 -- allegiance (n.) -- faithfulness towards your senior or a group you belong to
0125 -- alleviate (v.) -- to reduce the intensity of sth bad || related word: alleviation (n.)
0126 -- allure (n.) -- attraction or fascination | related words: alluring (adj.), alluringly (adv.), allurement (n.)
0127 -- allusion (n.) -- indirect reference or remark || related word: allusive (adj.)
0128 -- alluvial (adj.) -- made of sand deposited by river or sea || related word: alluvium (n.)
0129 -- aloft (adv.) -- in the air; overhead
0130 -- also-ran (n.) -- unsuccessful person
0131 -- altercation (n.) -- a quarrel in a public place
0132 -- altruism (n.) -- selflessness || related word: altruistic (adv.)
0133 -- ambidextrous (adj.) -- able to use both the hands equally well
0134 -- ambience (n.) -- surroundings or atmosphere of a place || related word: ambient (adj.)
0135 -- ambivalence (n.) -- state of two minds, showing mixed feelings || related words: ambivalent (adj.), ambivalently (adv.)
0136 -- amble (v.) -- to walk slowly
0137 -- ambrosia (n.) -- delicious thing to eat
0138 -- ambulatory (adj.) -- connected with walking; mobile
0139 -- amenable (adj.) -- agreeable or controllable
0140 -- amicable (adj.) -- pleasant and friendly || related word: amicably (adv.)
0141 -- amiss (adj.) -- wrong
0142 -- amity (n.) -- peaceful and friendly relationship
0143 -- amnesia (n.) -- loss of memory || related word: amnesiac (n.)
0144 -- amorous (adj.) -- expressing feeling of love passionately || related word: amorously (adv.)
0145 -- amorphous (adj.) -- formless or shapeless
0146 -- amplify (v.) -- to increase sound ; to add more information to a story, etc. || related word: amplification (n.)
0147 -- anachronism (n.) -- old-fashioned person or thing || related word: anachronistic (adj.)
0148 -- analgesia (n.) -- inability to feel pain || related word: analgesic (adj./n.)
0149 -- analogy (n.) -- a comparison that shows similarities or correlation between two things
0150 -- anathema (n.) -- sth that you hate strongly
0151 -- anecdote (n.) -- a short and real story or event
0152 -- angst (n.) -- deep fear, tension or anxiety; nervousness
0153 -- anguish (n.) -- severe suffering || related word: anguished (adj.)
0154 -- animated (adj.) -- full of life; energetic || related word: animatedly (adv.)
0155 -- animism (n.) -- belief that natural objects possess soul || related words: animistic (adj.), animist (n.)
0156 -- animosity (n.) -- enmity
0157 -- animus (n.) -- hatred
0158 -- annals (n.) -- historical records; yearly record of events
0159 -- annex (v.) -- to forcefully take over another country || related word: annexation (n.)
0160 -- annihilate (v.) -- to defeat or destroy completely || related word: annihilation (n.)
0161 -- annotate (v.) -- to add notes to explain sth || related words: annotated (adj.), annotation (n.)
0162 -- annul (v.) -- to cancel sth officially || related word: annulment (n.)
0163 -- anodyne (adj.) -- inoffensive, harmless
0164 -- anoint (v.) -- to smear somebody with water or oil as part of a religious ceremony
0165 -- anomalous (adj.) -- abnormal, unusual or unexpected || related words: anomalously (adv.), anomaly (n.)
0166 -- anomie (n.) -- unsocial or immoral behaviour
0167 -- anorexia (n.) -- fear of being fat || related word: anorexic (adj./n.)
0168 -- antagonize (v.) -- to irritate or annoy sb | to make sb no longer friendly with you || related words: antagonistic (adj.), antagonistically (adv.), antagonist (n.), antagonism (n.)
0169 -- antecedent (adj./n.) -- previous | something that has been followed by something else
0170 -- antediluvian (adj.) -- primitive; outdated
0171 -- anthology (n.) -- compilation of stories, poems, etc. from different sources
0172 -- antipathy (n.) -- hostility || related word: antipathetic (adj.)
0173 -- antiquated (adj.) -- old-fashioned
0174 -- antiquity (n.) -- the ancient past; an object, a work of art, etc. from the ancient past
0175 -- antithesis (n.) -- exact opposite | contrast || related word: antithetical (adj.)
0176 -- apathy (n.) -- lack of interest || related words: apathetic (adj.), apathetically (adv.)
0177 -- aphorism (n.) -- a short phrase that expresses sth sensible || related word: aphoristic (adj.)
0178 -- aplomb (n.) -- self-confidence in a difficult situation
0179 -- apnea (apnoea) (n.) -- temporary loss of breath during sleep
0180 -- apocalypse (n.) -- complete or severe destruction || related word: apocalyptic (adj.)
0181 -- apocryphal (adj.) -- dubious; mythical
0182 -- apoplexy (n.) -- loss of the ability to feel
0183 -- apostate (n.) -- sb who has changed their religious beliefs || related word: apostasy (n.)
0184 -- apostle (n.) -- strong supporter or follower of an idea or a policy
0185 -- appalled (adj.) -- shocked, distressed || related words: appalling (adj.), appallingly (adv.)
0186 -- apparent (adj.) -- obvious; noticeable
0187 -- apparition (n.) -- spirit or ghost
0188 -- appease (v.) -- to calm down sb by accepting their demands || related word: appeasement (n.)
0189 -- append (v.) -- to add sth as an attachment || related word: appendage (n.)
0190 -- appetizing (adj.) -- mouth-watering
0191 -- applaud (v.) -- to clap in order to praise sb; to praise | related word: applause (n.)
0192 -- appliqué (n.) -- ornamental needlework || related word: appliquéd (adj.)
0193 -- apportion (v.) -- to divide and distribute || related word: apportionment (n.)
0194 -- apposite (adj.) -- suitable
0195 -- appraise (v.) -- to assess the quality of something; to evaluate | related words: appraisal (n.), appraiser (n.)
0196 -- appreciable (adj.) -- noticeable || related word: appreciably (adv.)
0197 -- appurtenance (n.) -- small part of sth; accessory
0198 -- apropos (prep.) -- concerning
0199 -- aquifer (n.) -- a layer of rock that can hold or transmit water.
0200 -- arable (adj.) -- related to growing crops
0201 -- arbiter (n.) -- a person who is authorized to settle a dispute
0202 -- arbitrary (adj.) -- illogical | uncontrolled || related words: arbitrarily (adv.), arbitrariness (n.)
0203 -- arbitrate (v.) -- to officially settle a dispute between two parties || related word: arbitration (n.)
0204 -- arboreal (adj.) -- connected with trees
0205 -- arcane (adj.) -- mysterious; puzzling
0206 -- archetype (n.) -- a typical example
0207 -- ardent (adj.) -- enthusiastic; excited || related word: ardently (adv.)
0208 -- ardor (ardour) (n.) -- passion
0209 -- arduous (adj.) -- difficult and tiring; laborious || related word: arduously (adv.)
0210 -- argot (n.) -- special words used by a particular profession; jargon
0211 -- arid (adj.) -- dry | ordinary || related word: aridity (n.)
0212 -- Armageddon (n.) -- an extremely terrible war
0213 -- armistice (n.) -- break in fighting; ceasefire
0214 -- arm-twisting (n.) -- persuasion by force
0215 -- arouse (v.) -- to cause particular emotion | to awaken someone from sleep || related word: arousal (n.)
0216 -- arraign (v.) -- to charge sb for a crime || related word: arraignment (n.)
0217 -- arrant (adj.) -- (of sth bad) absolute or complete
0218 -- arrogant (adj.) -- very proud || related word: arrogantly (adv.)
0219 -- artifact (artefact) (n.) -- historical object
0220 -- ascend (v.) -- to go/lead/move up; to rise
0221 -- ascendancy (n.) -- dominance or supremacy || related words: ascendant (n.), ascension (n.)
0222 -- ascetic (adj./n.) -- enormously self-disciplined | strict in self-discipline || related word: asceticism (n.)
0223 -- ascribe (v.) -- to state or believe that sth is caused or done by a particular thing/person or written by a particular person | to think sb/sth should have a particular quality || related words: ascribable (adj.), ascription (n.)
0224 -- ashen (adj.) -- light in colour, whiter than usual
0225 -- asinine (adj.) -- foolish
0226 -- askew (adj./adv.) -- not straight, bent
0227 -- aslant (adv.) -- at an angle; sloping
0228 -- asperity (n.) -- harshness of tone || related word: aspersions (n.)
0229 -- aspire (v.) -- to aim big
0230 -- assail (v.) -- to attack sb violently; to criticize sb strongly
0231 -- assault (n./v.) -- violent attack | to attack sb violently
0232 -- assent (n./v.) -- official agreement | to agree officially
0233 -- assertive (adj.) -- self-confident || related words: assertively (adv.), assertiveness (n.)
0234 -- assiduous (adj.) -- hard-working || related words: assiduously (adv.), assiduity (n.)
0235 -- assign (v.) -- to allocate
0236 -- assimilate (v.) -- to incorporate; to include || related word: assimilation (n.)
0237 -- assuage (v.) -- to lessen painful feeling
0238 -- astonish (v.) -- to extremely surprise sb
0239 -- astound (v.) -- to shock or surprise sb too much || related words: astounded (adj.), astounding (adj.), astoundingly (adv.)
0240 -- astride (adv./prep.) -- with a leg on each side of sth
0241 -- astringent (adj.) -- harsh; severe || related word: astringency (n.)
0242 -- astronomical (adj.) -- (of a price) excessive || related word: astronomically (adv.)
0243 -- astute (adj.) -- very clever; shrewd || related words: astutely (adv.), astuteness (n.)
0244 -- asunder (adv.) -- not together
0245 -- atavistic (adj.) -- connected with primitive humans
0246 -- ataxia (n.) -- loss of control of bodily movements || related word: ataxic (adj.)
0247 -- atone (v.) -- to express regret and make up for sth || related word: atonement (n.)
0248 -- atrocity (n.) -- terrible and violent act; evil || related words: atrocious (adj.), atrociously (adv.), atrociousness (n.)
0249 -- attenuate (v.) -- to make sth less forceful or effective || related words: attenuated (adj.), attenuation (n.)
0250 -- attire (n.) -- clothes || related word: attired (adj.)
0251 -- attuned (adj.) -- completely familiar with sth
0252 -- audacity (n.) -- boldness; rudeness || related words: audacious (adj.), audaciously (adv.)
0253 -- auditory (adj.) -- related to hearing
0254 -- augment (v.) -- to increase || related word: augmentation (n.)
0255 -- augur (v.) -- to foretell, foresee or predict || related word: augury (n.)
0256 -- aura (n.) -- noticeable quality of surrounding areas
0257 -- aural (adj.) -- related to hearing and listening || related word: aurally (adv.)
0258 -- austere (adj.) -- having strict attitude; having simple style; having uncomfortable way of life || related words: austerely (adv.), austerity (n.)
0259 -- autism (n.) -- loss of ability to form relationship or communicate with people || related word: autistic (adj.)
0260 -- autocrat (n.) -- a ruler with absolute power | || related word: autocratic (adj.), autocratically (adv.) autocracy (n.),
0261 -- avarice (n.) -- greed || related word: avaricious (adj.)
0262 -- avenue (n.) -- path; a way of making progress
0263 -- aver (v.) -- to firmly express a truth
0264 -- averse (adj.) -- not liking sth || related word: aversion (n.)
0265 -- avert (v.) -- to prevent or foil sth undesirable from happening
0266 -- avid (adj.) -- enthusiastic || related words: avidly (adv.), avidity (n.)
0267 -- avow (v.) -- to say sth openly; to affirm || related words: avowed (adj.), avowedly (adv.), avowal (n.)
0268 -- awash (adj.) -- flooded with water; containing large amount of something
0269 -- awe (n./v.) -- admiration and wonder | to respect || related word: awed (adj.)
0270 -- awe-inspiring (adj.) -- splendid
0271 -- awesome (adj.) -- amazing || related word: awesomely (adv.)
0272 -- awestruck (adj.) -- fascinated
0273 -- awful (adj./adv.) -- too bad; excessive | extremely || related word: awfulness (n.)
0274 -- awry (adj./adv.) -- wrong; untidy
0275 -- axiom (n.) -- a principle that is believed to be true || related word: axiomatic (adj.)
Communication within many organizations has been reduced to email, electronic file transfer, and hasty sound bytes at hurried meetings. More and more, people appear to have forgotten the value of wisdom gained by ordinary conversations.
But, at different times in history, conversation has been regarded as an art form - a crucial component of human relations. Conversation has the power to solve a problem, heal a wound, generate commitment, bond a team, generate new options, or build a vision. Conversations can shift working patterns, build friendships, create focus and energy, cement resolve.
The Art of Focused Conversation convincingly restores this most human of attributes to prime place within businesses and organizations, and demonstrates what can be accomplished through the medium of focused conversation. The first Part describes the theory and background of the conversation method, which has been effectively used for group consensus making in: 1) problem solving; 2) troubleshooting; 3) coaching; 4) research and 5) interpretation of data. It also discusses how to prepare a conversation, how to lead a conversation, and what the common mistakes are. Part two then provides 100 sample conversations designed for use in many different situations, including: 1) reviewing and evaluating; 2) preparation and planning; 3) coaching, and mentoring; 4) data and media interpretation; 5) decision making; 6) managing and supervising; and 7) personal reflection and group celebrations.
Developed, tested, and extensively used by professionals in the field of organizational development, The Art of Focused Conversation is an invaluable resource for all those working to improve communications in firms and organizations.
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Present Real Conditional Sentences
The Present Real Conditional Is Used To Talk About What You Normally Do In Real-Life Situations.
[First Part – If / When + Subject + Present Verb…, Second Part – Simple Present]
[First Part – Simple Present, Second Part – If / When + Subject + Present Verb…]
Whether Use “If” OR “When”?
"If" implies - things don’t happen regularly.
“When” implies - things happen regularly.
If you eat too much fast food, it makes you overweight.
Or [It makes you overweight if you eat too much fast food.]
If you put salt on salad, they taste nicer.
Or [They taste nicer if you put salt on salad.]
When I have a free time, I often sit in the library. [Regularly]
Or [I often sit in the library when I have a free time.]
[First Part – If / When + Subject + Present Verb…, Second Part – Simple Present]
If I move to school, I never take my mobile.
If you want to be a super achiever, first recognize your own capabilities.
If it melts, it raises the sea level.
If something bad happens anywhere, it is natural to be sad.
If you heat water, it boils.
If office closes early, we definitely go to library.
If you need help, call me.
If I don’t come on time, you are supposed to leave the office.
If you feel sleepy, just go to bed.
If that isn’t absolute verification, I don’t know what is.
If the contractors fail to achieve the target within the specified period, they are liable to pay damages.
If you don't get the first good, be content with the second good. [Note: Use of Imperative Sentence]
If you are working for something with convictions, you are satisfied.
If proper punishment is not awarded to the accused, the faith of the society is shaken in the legal system of the country. [Note: Use of passive voice – is + awarded, and is + shaken]
If uranium is bombarded with neutron, it absorbs some.
If a Swedish govt. is interested in such a deal at all, Sweden can negotiate for itself a better deal.
If a person is abused repeatedly then that person has the right to object and right to argue also.
If my statement has pained someone then I regret it.
If they have done something wrong that doesn’t mean I have also done something wrong.
If the refugee cannot afford to pay, she may be refused access to the hospital or have her refugee card confiscated.
[First Part – Simple Present, Second Part – If / When + Subject + Present Verb…]
I have come to bother you if you don’t mind.
We don’t even know if any person by that name exists.
Their wages are cut if they do not report for duty on time.
You learn a language better if you visit the country where it is spoken.
Agency works under pressure if one goes by what ex-Director says.
I apologize if at all the article hurt anyone.
Power companies can hike the tariffs if the cost of imported coal rises.
Hang me if I am guilty.
I meet him if I go there.
Butter dissolves if you leave it in sun.
Plants die if you don’t water them.
Milk goes off if you don’t keep it in a cool place.
Ask the officer if you have any problem.
I don’t mind if you sit in my cabin.
Customers get upset if they are being overcharged.
I have no problem if her name is disclosed.
They promised to slash power rates if they are elected.
Existing laws can be deterrent if time-based trial is conducted.
Do you mind if I turn on the radio for a while.
A death row convict cannot be executed if he is not physically and mentally fit.
A student may not be motivated to work hard if promotion is guaranteed.
Many of the deaths can be avoided if bikers wear the helmet.
I go by taxi when the bus is late.
BRIDGE BUILDERS starts with a compelling parable of self-discovery about Daniel Reed’s journey from ordinary communicator to inspirational Bridge Builder. Both the fable and the principles that follow are about the power of crafting compelling messages through the eyes of our audience.
Daniel Reed Jr. has inherited the position of CEO of BeyondYou, Inc., his legendary father’s successful Silicon Valley tech company. Commonplace communication has stifled Daniel’s past success. Before his death, Daniel’s father cast a vision for his son as an influential Bridge Builder who will lead BeyondYou to a new future. Will Daniel learn to let go of the familiar, mediocre communication and learn how to build bridges to the hearts and minds of his board---and his wife?
For the vast majority of us, giving a presentation is an extremely difficult and nerve-wracking process, whether we’re in a one-on-one meeting, a conference room with a dozen strangers, or a lecture hall in front of thousands.
But according to Dan Roam, the visual communications expert and acclaimed author of The Back of the Napkin, it doesn’t have to be so hard. We struggle when we forget the basic steps we learned in kindergarten: show and tell.
In this short but powerful book, Roam introduces a new set of tools for making extraordinary presentations in any setting. He also draws on ideas he’s been honing for more than two decades, as an award-winning presenter who has brought his whiteboard everywhere from Fortune 500 companies to tiny startups to the White House.
Even if you’re already a good speaker, you’ll learn more about understanding your audience, organizing your content, building a clear storyline, creating effective visuals, and channeling your fear into fun. And you’ll master three fundamental rules:
• When we tell the truth, we connect with our audience, we become passionate, and we find self-confidence.
• When we tell a story, we make complex concepts clear, we make ideas unforgettable, and we include everyone.
• When we use pictures, people see exactly what we mean, we captivate our audience’s mind, and we banish boredom.
From nailing the opening to leaving a lasting impression, you’ll soon be able to give the performance of a lifetime . . . time after time.
PLEASE NOTE: This eBook edition of SHOW AND TELL is carefully laid out to match the print book; this means it reads much better as designed pages, but you won't be able to use some features such as highlighting and annotating text.
Common English Sentences -- A
About- It doesn’t matter who says what about me.
About- That’s what being American is all about.
About- They were going about their daily lives.
About- This is what life is about.
About- This training has been all about that.
About- We have nothing to feel defensive about.
About- What city was all about today?
Abuse- He was found guilty of abusing his office.
Accept- He accepted an opportunity with enthusiasm.
Accept- He accepted his invitation for birthday.
Accept- He accepted it without protest.
Account- Asia accounts for the maximum oral cancer cases.
Account- Lighting accounts for 20 percent of the total electricity demand.
Account- Our state accounts for 9 of 10 eggs exported.
Account- She gave the police a full account of the incident.
Account- The team gave a good account of themselves in the match.
Accuse- Protestors accused the state govt. of inaction.
Achieve- He achieved some measure of success.
Across- A wave of attacks across the country killed 95.
Across- Moonlight glittered across the coconut leaves.
Across- My house is just across the street.
Across- Police officers across ranks expressed shock.
Across- Red alert sounded across the state.
Across- She watched the incident from across the road.
Across- The blast has cut across class and gender.
Across – The government launched military drills across half the country.
Across- The issue is slowly becoming a matter of debate across villages in the country.
Across- We could also attack across the border.
Act- He acted in a street play.
Act- Heat acts on metals.
Act- I act from a sense of duty.
Act- My lawyer acts for me.
Act- You should act up to my advice.
Activity- It is quite unfortunate that such an inhuman activity is taking place here.
Add- He added his signature to the petition.
Address- President addressed a press conference.
Address- They received 25 objections and addressed all of them.
Administer- Administer anti-polio drops.
Admit- She was admitted with severe breathing problem.
Adopt- He adopted the look of Obama.
Advance- The mob advanced us shouting angrily.
Advice- I have a piece of advice for you.
After- Take medicine twice after the fever is down.
Agree- He agreed to act opposite me in the movie.
Agree- We agreed to another demand of him.
Ahead- Our team was ahead by two goals.
Ahead- Preparations for the festival begin ahead.
Aim- My remarks were not aimed at you.
Aim- The new bill aims at filling the gaps in the existing laws.
Alarm- It is nothing to be alarmed about.
Allocate- The government has allocated the funds.
Along- CM and Deputy CM were sworn in along with a 24-member cabinet by Governor.
Along- Enter the lane alongside the Newspaper office.
Along- He had come to the city along with his wife for sight-seeing a week ago.
Along- He was missing along with his servant.
Along- The sanctuary area runs along three states.
Among- From among those he prescribes medicines too are ministers.
Amount- Cartoon amounted to an “insult” to the icon.
Amount- It amounts to judicial indiscipline.
Amount- It amounts to violation of human and civil rights.
Anger- This angered driver and a clash ensued.
Answer- Nobody answered the repeated knocks.
Any- It was the funniest thing any of us have seen for ages.
Any- The situation is not any better in nearby villages.
Apart- Explosion tore apart a coach of a passenger train.
Appear- Blip appeared on Radar.
Appear- Efforts appeared to be getting nowhere.
Appear- He appeared calm.
Appear- He appeared unsteady on his feet.
Appear- News-item appeared in the national dailies.
Appear- She appeared most pretty thing of the world.
Appear- Ship appeared a huge black shadow to me.
Appear- The match appeared to have been fixed.
Appear- They wanted her to appear in advertisements.
Apply- She applied vermilion on her head.
Apply- I applied this on myself.
Approach- They approached a checkpoint.
Arise- A dispute arose between two groups over the sum of money won in gambling.
Arise- His behaviour aroused the suspicion of the security guards.
Arise- The only difficulties arose from language barriers.
Arise- The question does not arise.
Arise- They aroused other people’s suspicions.
Arm- Cops were armed with tear gas shells.
Ask- Goddess asked me for a boon.
Ask- He asked “uncomfortable” questions.
Ask- He asked her about her well-being.
Assess- A team of experts will assess the situation.
Assess- CM assessed the status of relief work.
Associate- He was in fear of her life and the life and safety of anyone associated with her.
Associate- People associate harmful or bad with the word bacteria.
Associate- Pink is associated with grace.
Assume- His remarks assume significance.
Assume- The meeting assumed great importance for student’s future.
Assume- The move assumed importance in the light of the incident.
Attach- We attach great importance to our health.
Attain- Their families had decided to wed them once they attained marriageable age.
Attempt- He attempted to answer all his questions.
Attempt- He was attempting to overtake another vehicle.
Attract- He attracted my attention.
Attribute- He attributed the bad state of parks to a lack of funds.
Authorize- I authorized him for payments.
Avenge- He wanted to avenge the humiliation he suffered.
Average- He is above average height for his age.
Avoid- He avoided a direct answer.
Avoid- She was upset because she thought he was avoiding her.
Avoid- They avoided looking at each other.
Awake- City awoke to a clear but a cold morning.
Awake- I awoke later on to the sound of my cell phone ringing.
Away- We were away so long.
Popular Sentences in English -- I
Sentence Beginning With IT/THERE/THAT/THIS
It began to rain.
It has become tough to walk on these roads.
It is a bit lower than expected.
It is a clean and clear probe.
It is a problem of large magnitude.
It is all set to be a thing of the past.
It is an all-out Japanese effort.
It is easier to lose weight than gain it.
It is fourth lane from here.
It is hard not to be suspicious about this regime.
It is just not my day.
It is never too late to start life afresh.
It is not possible!
It is not that the police aren’t doing anything.
It is tantamount to discrimination.
It is time to awaken the voters.
It is tough to survive in the wild.
It is up to them to decide how to proceed.
It is very personal decision that we have taken.
It isn’t worth having it repaired.
It made my heart beat faster.
It seemed OK at the time.
It seems there is no administration in the state.
It should not only be done with honesty, but it should seem to be so.
It tastes something like apple.
It was a huge bang.
It was an experience I will cherish all my life.
It was bound to happen.
It was his third home trip in as many years.
It was not a favorable time to start a journey.
It was the fastest growing state for the second year.
It will be convenient for some people to not have me here.
It will not be too long until their names are whispered.
It will only upset her further.
It would create complications for him.
There are many reasons for it.
There are no two opinions about it.
There are times when you are not in the mood to talk.
There are times when your best efforts are not good enough.
There has been a noticeable increase.
There have been several such instances in the past.
There is a cool breeze just before a rain storm.
There is an acute shortage of water.
There is general financial slowdown.
There is hardly any scope of reformation for them.
There is more than you know.
There is nothing that can be done to sort this out.
There seems political conspiracy behind it.
There was no such move at the moment.
There were security issues.
There will be no early elections.
There would be no fare hike.
That had happened long before.
That has been our consistent stand.
That is for sure.
That is no longer the case now.
That money would bring big relief to family.
That part of sting operation was stage managed.
That way, there will not be any ill feelings.
That’s how far I was from reality.
That’s not me saying it.
This envelope is under-stamped.
This incident has made him stone-like.
This is a clear case of corruption.
This is no way to deal with a crisis.
This is no way to live.
This is not the first time he has achieved this feat.
This is off-season for us but sales continue to be normal.
This is one list; state will be ashamed to top.
This is something to do in advance.
This is the most complained about university.
This is the third such incident within a week.
This issue stands concluded.
This project cost a lot of money.
This seems to be worrying him.
This year will be expensive till the end.
English Grammar – ‘DO/DOES/DID’
English Grammar – ‘DO’
VERB ‘DO’ -- (A) – Affirmative Sentences
VERB ‘DO’ -- (B) – Negative Sentences
VERB ‘DO’ -- (C) – Interrogative Sentences
VERB ‘DO’ -- (D) – 'Short Answers’ and ‘Question Tags’
English Grammar – ‘DOES’
VERB ‘DOES’ -- (A) – Affirmative Sentences
VERB ‘DOES’ -- (B) – Negative Sentences
VERB ‘DOES’ -- (C) – Interrogative Sentences
VERB ‘DOES’ -- (D) – 'Short Answers’ and ‘Question Tags’
English Grammar – ‘DID’
VERB ‘DID’ -- (A) – Affirmative Sentences
VERB ‘DID’ -- (B) – Negative Sentences
VERB ‘DID’ -- (C) – Interrogative Sentences
VERB ‘DID’ -- (D) – 'Short Answers’ and ‘Question Tags’
Exercises: 1(A) and 1(B)
Exercises: 2(A) to 2(D)
English Grammar – ‘DO/DOES/DID’
Verb 'Do’ is used as an AUXILIARY VERB as well as an MAIN (ORDINARY) VERB.
MAIN VERB: When used as main verb, verb ‘do’ is followed by an object.
AUXILIARY VERB: ‘Auxiliary verb’ is a verb which is used with main verb to show tenses, etc.]
He does not do these kinds of things. [In this sentence, ‘Does’ has been used as an ‘Auxiliary Verb’, while ‘Do’ has been used as a ‘Main Verb’]
They do not do nation-building. [In this sentence, ‘Do’ has been used as both an ‘Auxiliary Verb’ and a “Main Verb’]
NOTE: Verb ‘do’ has the following forms:
(1). Present form – Do or Does
[‘Do’ is used with ‘You, I, We, They’ and all other plural subjects in present tense. ‘Does’ is used with ‘He, She, It’ and all other singular subjects in present tense.]
(2). Past form – Did
[‘Did’ is used with ‘You, I, We, They, He, She, It’ and all other singular and plural subjects in past tense.]
(3). Past Participle form – Done
[Past participles are accompanied by auxiliary verbs ‘HAVE’ or ‘BE’ (in the correct tense)]
You have done your country proud.
This type of job is done in this factory.
Main Verb ‘Do’ may denote the following actions –
to find the answer to something: - Can they do this puzzle?
to perform an activity or a task: - Sometimes you like to do things that are a little scary.
to produce something: - He did a painting last night.
to study something: - I am doing English these days.
to talk about household chores (cleaning, washing, etc.): - They will have to do (wash) dishes.
to work at something as a job: - What do you do for your livelihood?
Main Verb ‘Do’ is also used to show the following actions:
to attend, to cook, to copy somebody’s behavior, to travel, to visit somewhere as a tourist, to cheat, to punish, to steal, etc.
Some more sentences with ‘MAIN VERB’ – DO/DOES/DID/DONE:
She is happy that she will be able to do something for the poor and downtrodden.
We are ready to do whatever it takes to avoid being suspended from competition.
I like to do extensive research before I invest hard-earned money on a new purchase.
It's no secret we do things we know we shouldn't.
It is not uncommon to come across people who do jobs that have nothing to do with their academic degree.
What ultraviolet light does to skin to cause sunburn?
What caffeine does to your brain?
It is not yet clear what exactly this software did.
Work was done according to the rules.
He has done an obligation to me.
Learn Difficult English Words & Their Meanings
("sb" implies somebody, "sth" implies something)
abate to become, or make sth less strong
abed in bed
aberrant not socially acceptable
abet to help, or encourage sb to do sth wrong
in abeyance not being used for a period of time
ablutions act of washing yourself
aboard on a ship, plane, bus etc.
abode where sb lives
abolition ending of sth
abominate to feel hatred, or disgust
abomination extremely unpleasant, disgusting
above board legal and honest; in a legal and honest way
abridge to make book, etc. shorter
absent minded forgetful
abstainer who chooses not to vote, who never drinks alcohol
abstruse difficult to understand
abysmal extremely bad
abyss deep wide space, or hole that seems to have no bottom
accede to agree, to become king, or queen
accommodating willing to help, obliging
accomplish to achieve sth
in accord with sb/sth in agreement with
accord with sth to agree with sth
accoutrements pieces of equipment for a particular activity
accredited officially recognized
accrue to increase over a period of time
accursed suffering from a curse, or black magic
ace person who is very good at doing sth
Achilles heel weak point in sb's character attacked by other people
acquaintance with sb slight friendship
make sb's acquaintance to meet sb first time
acquiesce to accept sth, even if you do not agree
acrobat rope dancer
acronym a word formed using initial letters of other words
act up to behave badly
acumen ability to understand and decide things quickly
ad hominem against person's character
ad nauseam again and again in boring and annoying way
Adam's apple lump at the front of the throat
adamantine very strong and impossible to break
add up to seem reasonable
add-on a thing that is added to sth else
ad-infinitum for ever
adjourn to postpone
adjudicate to make official decision
adjure to order sb to do sth
Adonis extremely attractive young man
adoration great love, or worship
adore to love very much, to like very much
adrenalin hormone produced in the body due to excitement, fear, or anger
adulation excessive praise
the advent of sb/sth coming of invention, etc.
adventitious happening by accident; not planned
advise sb of sth to inform
advisory official warning
aeon thousands of years
aerodrome small airport
aesthete who love art and beautiful things
affaire love affair
affectation behaviour, action to impress other people
affections person's feelings of love
affective connected with emotions, attitudes
affliction pain and suffering, or sth that causes it
afforestation process of planting areas of land with trees
aficionado who likes a particular subject, etc. very much and knows a lot about it
afloat floating on water
afoot being planned
afore mentioned mentioned earlier
aftermath situation existing after a war, an accident, etc.
her mouth was agape wide open, because of surprise or shock
come of age to become mature
age of consent legal age to have sex
aggrandizement increase in the power, or importance of a person, or country
aggravate to worsen
agonize over sth to spend a long time thinking and worrying about sth
agreeable pleasant and easy to like
aggrieved feeling that you have been treated unfairly
ahead of earlier than
What are “Tenses”?
AGREEMENT between SUBJECT and VERB
TWENTY-FOUR Auxiliary Verbs
REGULAR AND IRREGULAR VERBS
Present Indefinite Tense
Present Continuous/Progressive Tense
Present Perfect Tense
Present Perfect Continuous/Progressive Tense
Past Indefinite Tense
Past Continuous/Progressive Tense
Past Perfect Tense
Past Perfect Continuous/Progressive Tense
Future Indefinite Tense
Future Continuous/Progressive Tense
Future Perfect Tense
Future Perfect Continuous/Progressive Tense
Tenses could be defined as “any of the form of a verb that may be used to show the time of the action or an event or state expressed by the verb”.
THERE ARE THREE KINDS OF TENSES:
The Past Tense – The form of a verb that usually expresses an action that happened in the past
[Action happened before present]
The Present Tense – The form of a verb that usually expresses an action that happens at this time
[Action happens in present]
The Future Tense – The form of a verb that usually expresses an action that will happen in future
[Action will happen after present]
EACH OF THESE THREE KINDS OF SENTENCES HAS FOUR TYPES OF FORMS:
Indefinite or Simple Form
Continuous or Progressive Form
Perfect Continuous or Perfect Progressive Form
EACH OF THESE FOUR TYPES OF FORMS HAS FOUR KINDS OF STATEMENTS:
Affirmative Statement --
Used to Show ‘Agreement’
Negative Statement --
Used to Show ‘Disagreement’
Interrogative Statement --
Used to Ask ‘Question’
Interrogative-Negative Statement --
Used to Ask ‘Question’ and Show ‘Disagreement’
Present Indefinite Tense
Permanent situation [in the past, present and future]
Example: Our family lives in Seattle.
General truth (fact or statement)
Example: Clean water is fundamental to public health.
Example: Many barrages have no utility and causes floods.
Habitual action [actions that occurs regularly]
Example: She listens to music every day.
‘Future meaning’ (timetable, planned event, etc.)
Example: My shop closes at 9pm.
Example: The train arrives at 7:30pm.
Traditions, rituals, customs
Example: Indians celebrate festival of light in the month of Oct-Nov.
Commands and Instructions [Imperative Sentences]
[Note: In imperatives, subject ‘you’ remains hidden]
Example: Condemn perpetrators of terrorism.
Example: Promote values of humanity and tolerance.
Example: Tell us about the exact nature of your work.
Used in if-clause of present and future real conditional sentences
Example: If I go there, I meet him.
Example: If things don't work out, we won't be panicked.
Headlines in news reporting [Use of simple present tense instead of simple past tense is common in news headlines]
Example: Flight skids on landing at airport.
Example: Thunder storm brings relief to residents.
(A). AFFIRMATIVE PATTERN –
subject + first form of main verb + other words
Singular Verb is used with subject ‘He and She’ + All Singular Subjects.
Plural Verb is used with subject ‘I, We, You and They’ + All Plural Subjects.
He/She talks. I/We/You/They talk.
We seek opportunity to chart out our own course.
Lean margin of victory or defeat gives an impression of a tough contest.
Nowadays, voters value development over other issues.
They want civic amenities and employment opportunities.
(B). NEGATIVE PATTERN –
subject + auxiliary verb ‘do/does’ + not + first form of main verb + other words
Auxiliary Verb ‘Does’ is used with subject ‘He and She’ + All Singular Subjects.
Auxiliary Verb ‘Do’ is used with subject ‘I, We, You and They’ + All Plural Subjects.
He/She does not talk. I/We/You/They do not talk.
Most buses do not cater to interior parts of the villages.
He does not know what to say.