This paper discusses the border dispute between Eritrea and Ethiopia, the decision of the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission of the Permanent Court of Arbitration, and the difficulties that both parties are having implementing the decision. This conflict may qualify as an intractable conflict. Conflict “is a difference within a person, or between two or more people, that touches them in a significant way” (LeBaron and Pillay, 2006, p. 12). Conflict hurts the most “when their interdependence is so essential that they cannot do away with it despite the difficulties of remaining interdependent, such as for friends or lovers” (LeBaron & Pillay, 2006, p. 88). Such is the case between Ethiopia and Eritrea.
In this e-book, I will discuss the major reasons why some Arabs are so militant and angry against the West and specifically against the United States. I will try to make the point that although religion is without doubt an important reason, that there are other cultural, political and economic reasons which also are of vital importance, and which have also been mentioned by the Arabs themselves.
Since 1949, NATO’s membership has increased from 12 founding members to 28 countries today after six rounds of enlargement (NATO Enlargement, no date, p. 1). According to Article 10 of the Washington Treaty which created NATO, membership in the organization is open to any “European state in a position to further the principles of the Treaty and to contribute to the security of the North Atlantic Area” (NATO, 2008, p. 2). On April 2-4, 2008 at the Bucharest Summit of NATO, the allied leaders invited Albania and Croatia to start accession talks; assured the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia that it will be invited once a solution to the issue of the country’s name has been reached with Greece because all members of the alliance have to agree before a new member is admitted (Deutsche Welle, 2008, p. 1); invited Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro to start Intensified Dialogues; and agreed that Georgia and Ukraine will become members in future. This paper is an analysis of the most important players.
North Korea ranks among the world’s most centrally planned and isolated economies. The resulting economic distortions and the government’s reluctance to publicize economic data limit the amount of reliable information available. State-owned industry still produces nearly all manufacturing goods and the regime continues to emphasize heavy and military industries at the expense of light and consumer industries under the songun (military first ideology). Although the country has a Constitution and theoretically an executive, a legislative and a judiciary system, in practice the system is a one-man dictatorship, enforced through the political machinery of the only party – the Korean’s Workers’ Party – and the military elite. In the 1992-1998 massive famine may have killed as many as 10% of the population. The estimated GNP per capita in 2006 was about $ 1038, approximately the same as Honduras, Guyana, and Cameroon. However, North Korea spends 20-25% of its GNP in the military sector.
This is a collection of essays about a variety of issues in the social sciences: child abuse, child pornography, education, computers in schools, Descartes, Erasmus, Metacognition, Skinner, health care in Latin American nations, Public relations in the public sector, Racism and Sociobiology, The challenges of delivering online courses for populations in poverty, the family in Russian literature, the Hmong population in Minnesota, Psi and Zen Budhism, diplomacy's changes in the last century, how do markets work, real competition in the different cases of monopolies, reflections about the Constitution of Liberty, Reflections of the Ambassador of a Small Country, among others.
This ebook contains two essays: One is about how the American Indians in the United States have been able to maintain their cultures and traditions in a predominantly non-Indian world. The second essay is about the importance of land in the relations between the American Indians and the Europeans in North America
In 1975, 15 of the 16 countries in West Africa got together and formed the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) with a long list of laudable economic goals for the region. In this e-book, I will briefly describe this economic regional organization and the main assumptions which led to its creation; discuss this region’s economy and its successful and unsuccessful attempts at economic integration, offer an unbiased evaluation of the organization so far, and speculate about its future.
This is a collection of essays about topics in international politics, among others Avoiding Nuclear Terrorism, What is the likelihood of a nuclear attack against the United States in the next decade?, Hezbollah abandoning terrorism, neoimperialism, the water issue in the Middle East, democratic peace, neoimperialism and others.
Since China destroyed one of its own satellites in January 2007 with a kinetic kill missile, there has been concerns about how much threat the present development of the Chinese space program represents for the United States. To answer this question, this paper makes an analysis of the history and present capabilities of the People's Republic of China, compares the Chinese space program with the US, and evaluates the specific threat of the Chinese antiballistic missile systems. The Chinese space program will then be put in perspective by comparing it to NASA, and the Chinese future space plans are appraised. Finally, the declared position of China is considered and its collaboration with international partners is discussed. The author concludes that the Chinese threat has been exaggerated and recommends cooperation between the US and China.