Because of concerns about airport-related noise, the Congress asked GAO to determine: (1) the types of projects that are eligible for federally authorized funding to reduce airport-related noise or mitigate its effects; (2) the differences in the major methods for measuring the impact of airport-related noise; (3) FAA's current noise standards for civil subsonic turbojets & the reasons some of those aircraft are not required to comply with these or earlier standards; & (4) the status of FAA's Land Use Planning Initiative & the major issues the initiative has raised about how best to address airport-related noise. Charts & tables.
This is a print on demand edition of a hard to find publication. Changes in the air ambulance (AA) industry's size and structure have led to differences of opinion about the implications for AA use, safety, and services. Some industry stakeholders believe that greater state regulation would be good for consumers. While states can regulate the medical aspects of AA, the Airline Deregulation Act preempts states from economic regulation of AA. Other stakeholders view the industry changes as having been beneficial to consumers and see no need for a regulatory change. This report examined: (1) changes in the industry in the last decade and the implications of these changes on the availability of AA and patient services; and (2) the relationship between fed. and state oversight and regulation of the industry.
Since 1978, the Essential Air Service (EAS) program has subsidized air service to eligible communities that would otherwise not have scheduled service. The cost of this program has risen as the number of communities being served and subsidies to air carriers have increased. At the same time, the number of carriers providing EAS service has declined. Given continuing concerns over the EAS program's long-term prospects, this report reviews: (1) the characteristics and current status of the EAS program; (2) factors affecting the program's ability to provide air service; (3) options for revising the program; and (4) tools for assessing the program, the options for its revision, and the program's performance. Charts and tables.
The air cargo industry contributed over $37 billion to the U.S. economy in 2008 and provides government, businesses, and individuals with quick delivery of goods. Although part of an aviation system with an extraordinary safety record, there have been over 400 air cargo accidents and over 900 incidents since 1997, raising concerns about cargo safety. This study addresses: (1) recent trends in air cargo safety; (2) factors that have contributed to air cargo accidents; (3) federal government and industry efforts to improve air cargo safety and experts' views on the effectiveness of these efforts; and (4) experts' views on further improving air cargo safety. Includes recommendations. Charts and tables.
Reviews: (1) the key concerns and challenges associated with airports' current operations and future growth -- particularly concerns about aircraft noise, water quality, and air pollutant emissions -- and the actions being taken by the nation's busiest airports to balance environmental concerns with such operations and growth; and (2) the actions taken by the FAA and other Federal agencies to address environmental concerns associated with airports' current operations and future growth. Contains recomm. to the DoT and the EPA to further assist airports as they attempt to balance their operations and growth with the impact of their activities on the environment. Charts, tables, and photos.
In 1996, Congress enacted the Pilot Records Improvement Act to keep unsafe pilots out of the cockpits of commercial aircraft. This study was performed to determine: (1) whether air carries have complied with the act by requesting and receiving key documents about pilots' qualifications, performance, and training from the Federal Aviation Admin. (FAA), the National Driver Register, and other carriers and whether these documents have been provided on time; (2) whether carriers are aware of requirements for protecting pilots' rights; (3) what FAA has done to oversee compliance with the act; and (4) whether carriers believe the act has helped them make pilot-hiring decisions. Charts and tables.
This report identifies potential scenarios for future air traffic controller attrition and the Federal Aviation Agency's (FAA) plans for dealing with such attrition. Because of the significant hiring in the early 1980s to replace strikers who had been fired, many thousands of FAA's controllers will soon become eligible to retire, potentially leaving FAA with too few fully trained controllers. This report: (1) identifies likely future attrition scenarios for FAA's controller workforce, and (2) examines FAA's strategy for responding to its short- and long-term staffing needs, including how it plans to address the challenges it may face. Charts and tables.
Addresses the extent to which the Federal Aviation Admin. (FAA) Acquisition Mgmt. System provides a comprehensive approach for managing the agency's investments in air traffic control information technology. FAA plans to spend billions of dollars to replace data-processing, navigation, communications, & other systems under its air traffic control modernization program but has a history of poor performance in delivering systems on time & within budget & performance parameters. The report found that FAA has established a structured approach for managing its modernization investments, but weaknesses in this approach limit its effectiveness.
Reviews the key environmental concerns & challenges associated with airports' current operations & future growth & the efforts of major airports & Fed. agencies to address those challenges. Provides a detailed analysis to the survey received from officials at each of the nation's 50 busiest commercial service airports. Noise, water, & air quality issues are the primary environmental concerns & challenges facing airports now & for the foreseeable future. Other issues were wetlands, endangered species, environmental justice, & historical preservation. Also provides insights into the Fed. effort to help airports address their impact on the environ. Charts & tables.