Maximum Likelihood Estimation for Sample Surveys presents an overview of likelihood methods for the analysis of sample survey data that account for the selection methods used, and includes all necessary background material on likelihood inference. It covers a range of data types, including multilevel data, and is illustrated by many worked examples using tractable and widely used models. It also discusses more advanced topics, such as combining data, non-response, and informative sampling.
The book presents and develops a likelihood approach for fitting models to sample survey data. It explores and explains how the approach works in tractable though widely used models for which we can make considerable analytic progress. For less tractable models numerical methods are ultimately needed to compute the score and information functions and to compute the maximum likelihood estimates of the model parameters. For these models, the book shows what has to be done conceptually to develop analyses to the point that numerical methods can be applied.
Designed for statisticians who are interested in the general theory of statistics, Maximum Likelihood Estimation for Sample Surveys is also aimed at statisticians focused on fitting models to sample survey data, as well as researchers who study relationships among variables and whose sources of data include surveys.
The book underscores the development of missing data methods and their adaptation to practical problems. It mainly focuses on the traditional missing data problem. The author also shows how to use the missing data framework in many other statistical problems, such as measurement error, finite population inference, disclosure limitation, combing information from multiple data sources, and causal inference.
Statistical Reasoning for Everyday Life, Fourth Edition, provides students with a clear understanding of statistical concepts and ideas so they can become better critical thinkers and decision makers, whether they decide to start a business, plan for their financial future, or just watch the news. The authors bring statistics to life by applying statistical concepts to the real world situations, taken from news sources, the internet, and individual experiences.
Note: This is the standalone book
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Developed by the authors, generalized structured component analysis is an alternative to two longstanding approaches to structural equation modeling: covariance structure analysis and partial least squares path modeling. Generalized structured component analysis allows researchers to evaluate the adequacy of a model as a whole, compare a model to alternative specifications, and conduct complex analyses in a straightforward manner.
Generalized Structured Component Analysis: A Component-Based Approach to Structural Equation Modeling provides a detailed account of this novel statistical methodology and its various extensions. The authors present the theoretical underpinnings of generalized structured component analysis and demonstrate how it can be applied to various empirical examples. The book enables quantitative methodologists, applied researchers, and practitioners to grasp the basic concepts behind this new approach and apply it to their own research.
The book emphasizes conceptual discussions throughout while relegating more technical intricacies to the chapter appendices. Most chapters compare generalized structured component analysis to partial least squares path modeling to show how the two component-based approaches differ when addressing an identical issue. The authors also offer a free, online software program (GeSCA) and an Excel-based software program (XLSTAT) for implementing the basic features of generalized structured component analysis.
New to the Second EditionReorganized to focus on unbalanced data Reworked balanced analyses using methods for unbalanced data Introductions to nonparametric and lasso regression Introductions to general additive and generalized additive models Examination of homologous factors Unbalanced split plot analyses Extensions to generalized linear models R, Minitab®, and SAS code on the author’s website
The text can be used in a variety of courses, including a yearlong graduate course on regression and ANOVA or a data analysis course for upper-division statistics students and graduate students from other fields. It places a strong emphasis on interpreting the range of computer output encountered when dealing with unbalanced data.
Divided into six parts, the handbook begins by establishing notation and terminology. It reviews the general taxonomy of missing data mechanisms and their implications for analysis and offers a historical perspective on early methods for handling missing data. The following three parts cover various inference paradigms when data are missing, including likelihood and Bayesian methods; semi-parametric methods, with particular emphasis on inverse probability weighting; and multiple imputation methods.
The next part of the book focuses on a range of approaches that assess the sensitivity of inferences to alternative, routinely non-verifiable assumptions about the missing data process. The final part discusses special topics, such as missing data in clinical trials and sample surveys as well as approaches to model diagnostics in the missing data setting. In each part, an introduction provides useful background material and an overview to set the stage for subsequent chapters.
Covering both established and emerging methodologies for missing data, this book sets the scene for future research. It provides the framework for readers to delve into research and practical applications of missing data methods.
Nonparametric Statistical Methods Using R covers traditional nonparametric methods and rank-based analyses, including estimation and inference for models ranging from simple location models to general linear and nonlinear models for uncorrelated and correlated responses. The authors emphasize applications and statistical computation. They illustrate the methods with many real and simulated data examples using R, including the packages Rfit and npsm.
The book first gives an overview of the R language and basic statistical concepts before discussing nonparametrics. It presents rank-based methods for one- and two-sample problems, procedures for regression models, computation for general fixed-effects ANOVA and ANCOVA models, and time-to-event analyses. The last two chapters cover more advanced material, including high breakdown fits for general regression models and rank-based inference for cluster correlated data.
The book can be used as a primary text or supplement in a course on applied nonparametric or robust procedures and as a reference for researchers who need to implement nonparametric and rank-based methods in practice. Through numerous examples, it shows readers how to apply these methods using R.
Organized into two sections, the book focuses first on the R software, then on the implementation of traditional statistical methods with R.
Focusing on the R software, the first section covers:
Basic elements of the R software and data processing Clear, concise visualization of results, using simple and complex graphs Programming basics: pre-defined and user-created functions
The second section of the book presents R methods for a wide range of traditional statistical data processing techniques, including:
Regression methods Analyses of variance and covariance Classification methods Exploratory multivariate analysis Clustering methods Hypothesis tests
After a short presentation of the method, the book explicitly details the R command lines and gives commented results. Accessible to novices and experts alike, R for Statistics is a clear and enjoyable resource for any scientist.
Datasets and all the results described in this book are available on the book’s webpage at http://www.agrocampus-ouest.fr/math/RforStat
A Unified Framework for a Broad Class of Models
The authors first discuss members of the family of generalized linear models, gradually adding complexity to the modeling framework by incorporating random effects. After reviewing the generalized linear model notation, they illustrate a range of random effects models, including three-level, multivariate, endpoint, event history, and state dependence models. They estimate the multivariate generalized linear mixed models (MGLMMs) using either standard or adaptive Gaussian quadrature. The authors also compare two-level fixed and random effects linear models. The appendices contain additional information on quadrature, model estimation, and endogenous variables, along with SabreR commands and examples.
Improve Your Longitudinal Study
In medical and social science research, MGLMMs help disentangle state dependence from incidental parameters. Focusing on these sophisticated data analysis techniques, this book explains the statistical theory and modeling involved in longitudinal studies. Many examples throughout the text illustrate the analysis of real-world data sets. Exercises, solutions, and other material are available on a supporting website.
About the authors:
Anders Skrondal is Professor and Chair in Social Statistics, Department of Statistics, London School of Economics, UK
Sophia Rabe-Hesketh is a Professor of Educational Statistics at the Graduate School of Education and Graduate Group in Biostatistics, University of California, Berkeley, USA.
After discussing the importance of chance in experimentation, the text develops basic tools of probability. The plug-in principle then provides a transition from populations to samples, motivating a variety of summary statistics and diagnostic techniques. The heart of the text is a careful exposition of point estimation, hypothesis testing, and confidence intervals. The author then explains procedures for 1- and 2-sample location problems, analysis of variance, goodness-of-fit, and correlation and regression. He concludes by discussing the role of simulation in modern statistical inference.
Focusing on the assumptions that underlie popular statistical methods, this textbook explains how and why these methods are used to analyze experimental data.
The two volumes are divided into chapters of related works. Invited contributors have critiqued the papers in each chapter, and the reprinted group of papers follows each commentary. A complete bibliography that contains links to recorded talks by Erich Lehmann – and which are freely accessible to the public – and a list of Ph.D. students are also included. These volumes belong in every statistician’s personal collection and are a required holding for any institutional library.
The author presents applications drawn from all sciences and social sciences and includes the most often used features of R in an appendix. In addition, each chapter provides a set of computational challenges: exercises in R calculations that are designed to be performed alone or in groups.
Several of the chapters explore algebra concepts that are highly useful in scientific applications, such as quadratic equations, systems of linear equations, trigonometric functions, and exponential functions. Each chapter provides an instructional review of the algebra concept, followed by a hands-on guide to performing calculations and graphing in R.
R is intuitive, even fun. Fantastic, publication-quality graphs of data, equations, or both can be produced with little effort. By integrating mathematical computation and scientific illustration early in a student’s development, R use can enhance one's understanding of even the most difficult scientific concepts. While R has gained a strong reputation as a package for statistical analysis, The R Student Companion approaches R more completely as a comprehensive tool for scientific computing and graphing.
Introduces parametric proportional hazards models with baseline distributions like the Weibull, Gompertz, Lognormal, and Piecewise constant hazard distributions, in addition to traditional Cox regression Presents mathematical details as well as technical material in an appendix Includes real examples with applications in demography, econometrics, and epidemiology Provides a dedicated R package, eha, containing special treatments, including making cuts in the Lexis diagram, creating communal covariates, and creating period statistics
A much-needed primer, Event History Analysis with R is a didactically excellent resource for students and practitioners of applied event history and survival analysis.
After reviewing standard linear models, the authors present the basics of multilevel models and explain how to fit these models using R. They then show how to employ multilevel modeling with longitudinal data and demonstrate the valuable graphical options in R. The book also describes models for categorical dependent variables in both single level and multilevel data. The book concludes with Bayesian fitting of multilevel models. For those new to R, the appendix provides an introduction to this system that covers basic R knowledge necessary to run the models in the book.
Through the R code and detailed explanations provided, this book gives you the tools to launch your own investigations in multilevel modeling and gain insight into your research.
The revision of this well-respected text presents a balanced approach of the classical and Bayesian methods and now includes a chapter on simulation (including Markov chain Monte Carlo and the Bootstrap), coverage of residual analysis in linear models, and many examples using real data. Calculus is assumed as a prerequisite, and a familiarity with the concepts and elementary properties of vectors and matrices is a plus.
The book includes research projects, real-world case studies, numerous examples, and data exercises organized by level of difficulty. Students are required to be familiar with algebra. This updated edition includes new exercises applying different techniques and methods; new examples and datasets using current real-world data; new text organization to create a more natural connection between regression and the Analysis of the Variance; new material on generalized linear models; new expansion of nonparametric techniques; new student research projects; and new case studies for gathering, summarizing, and analyzing data.Integrates the classical conceptual approach with modern day computerized data manipulation and computer applicationsAccessibile to students who may not have a background in probability or calculusOffers reader-friendly exposition, without sacrificing statistical rigorIncludes many new data sets in various applied fields such as Psychology, Education, Biostatistics, Agriculture, Economics
For an introductory, one or two semester, or sophomore-junior level course in Probability and Statistics or Applied Statistics for engineering, physical science, and mathematics students.
An Applications-Focused Introduction to Probability and Statistics
Miller & Freund's Probability and Statistics for Engineers is rich in exercises and examples, and explores both elementary probability and basic statistics, with an emphasis on engineering and science applications. Much of the data has been collected from the author's own consulting experience and from discussions with scientists and engineers about the use of statistics in their fields. In later chapters, the text emphasizes designed experiments, especially two-level factorial design. The Ninth Edition includes several new datasets and examples showing application of statistics in scientific investigations, familiarizing students with the latest methods, and readying them to become real-world engineers and scientists.
New to the Second Edition
Three new chapters on multiple discriminant analysis, logistic regression, and canonical correlation New section on how to deal with missing data Coverage of tests of assumptions, such as linearity, outliers, normality, homogeneity of variance-covariance matrices, and multicollinearity Discussions of the calculation of Type I error and the procedure for testing statistical significance between two correlation coefficients obtained from two samples Expanded coverage of factor analysis, path analysis (test of the mediation hypothesis), and structural equation modeling
Suitable for both newcomers and seasoned researchers in the social sciences, the handbook offers a clear guide to selecting the right statistical test, executing a wide range of univariate and multivariate statistical tests via the Windows and syntax methods, and interpreting the output results. The SPSS syntax files used for executing the statistical tests can be found in the appendix. Data sets employed in the examples are available on the book’s CRC Press web page.
The book will be useful to students who are interested in rigorous applications of statistics to problems in business, economics and the social sciences, as well as students who have studied statistics in the past, but need a more solid grounding in statistical techniques to further their careers.
Jacco Thijssen is professor of finance at the University of York, UK. He holds a PhD in mathematical economics from Tilburg University, Netherlands. His main research interests are in applications of optimal stopping theory, stochastic calculus, and game theory to problems in economics and finance. Professor Thijssen has earned several awards for his statistics teaching.
Packed with fresh and practical examples appropriate for a range of degree-seeking students, Statistics II For Dummies helps any reader succeed in an upper-level statistics course. It picks up with data analysis where Statistics For Dummies left off, featuring new and updated examples, real-world applications, and test-taking strategies for success. This easy-to-understand guide covers such key topics as sorting and testing models, using regression to make predictions, performing variance analysis (ANOVA), drawing test conclusions with chi-squares, and making comparisons with the Rank Sum Test.