More related to biology
The use of detergents in membrane protein research
The use of NMR
Synchrotron developments in membrane protein structural biologyVisualisation and X-ray data collection of microcrystalsX-ray diffraction data analysis from multiple crystals
Serial millisecond crystallographySerial femtosecond crystallographyMembrane protein structures in drug discovery
The information provided in this book should be of interest to anyone working in the area of structural biology. Students will find carefully prepared overviews of basic ideas and advanced protein scientists will find the level of detail required to apply the material directly to their day to day work.
Chapters 4, 5, 6, 8 and 9 of this book are published open access under a CC BY 4.0 license at link.springer.com.
Diverse topics are included in this book, ranging from membrane–bound enzymes to ion channels, proton pumps and photosystems. Data from X-ray crystallography, cryo-electron microscopy and other biophysical and biochemical techniques are presented throughout the book. There is extensive use of colour figures of protein structures. Throughout the book structure and function are closely correlated.
The two editors, Egbert Boekema and J. Robin Harris, have worked on aspects of membrane and soluble proteins throughout their scientific careers and also have much publishing experience. The Subcellular Biochemistry series has expanded considerably in recent years, including several related volumes. The theme of protein complexes will be continued within several future volumes, thereby creating encyclopaedic coverage.
The chapter topics within this book are particularly relevant to those involved in the biological and biomedical sciences. It is aimed at the advanced undergraduates, postgraduates and established researchers within this broad field. It is hoped that the book will be of interest and use to those involved with the study of cellular membranes and their associated proteins.
The chapters in volume 18 are authored by experts in the field. They deal with aspects of structure and/or biological activity of selected proteins. The chapters review current research of the following topics: the Mechanism of channel gating and regulation of the activity of calcium-activated chloride channel ANO1, Structure and function of the two-component cytotoxins of Staphylococcus aureus, Membrane Fusion and Infection involving the influenza virus hemagglutinin, The impact of arrhythmogenic mutations through the structural determination of the L-type voltage-gated calcium channel, Discussion of some open questions pertaining to histone post-translational modifications and nucleosome organization in transcriptional regulation, Regulation of the extracellular SERPINA5 (protein C inhibitor) penetration through cellular membranes, Coding of Class I and II aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases, Nephrin phosphorylation in diabetes and chronic kidney injury, The structure-forming juncture in oxidative protein folding and the events in the ER, The polyspecificity of anti-lipid antibodies and its relevance to the development of autoimmunity. This volume is intended for research scientists, clinicians, physicians and graduate students in the fields of biochemistry, cell biology, molecular biology, immunology and genetics.
Organized into eight chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the metabolism of apolipoprotein B, which is the principal protein of chylomicrons, very low density, and low density lipoprotein. This text then describes the metabolism, biosynthesis, and pharmacology of leukotrienes. Other chapters consider the relation of lipids to immunology and explain the roles played by lipids in the structure and function of yeast membrane. This book discusses as well the general importance in the plant kingdom and the place of some carotenoids in human biology. The final chapter deals with the influence of proteins on configuration and function of reconstituted lipid membranes.
This book is a valuable resource for biologists, chemists, biochemists, scientists, and research workers.
Editors-In-Chief William J. Lennarz and M. Daniel Lane have crafted a work that proceeds from the acknowledgement that understanding every living process-from physiology, to immunology, and genetics-is impossible without a grasp on the basic chemistry that provides its underpinning. Each article in the work provides an up-to-date snapshot of a given topic, written by experts, as well as suggestions for further readings for students and researcher wishing to go into greater depth.
Available on-line via SciVerse ScienceDirect, the functionality of the Encyclopedia will provide easy linking to referenced articles, electronic searching, as well an online index and glossary to aid comprehension and searchability.This 4-volume set, thoroughly up-to-date and comprehensive, expertly captures this fast-moving fieldCurated by two esteemed editors-in-chief and an illustrious team of editors and contributors, representing the state of the fieldSuggestions for further readings offer researchers and students avenues for deeper exploration; a wide-ranging glossary aids comprehension
As PPARs play critical roles as regulators of numerous physiological as well as pathophysiological pathways, Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptors: Discovery and Recent Advances aims to help researchers to develop safer and more effective PPAR modulators as therapeutic agents to treat a myriad of diseases and conditions.
Here arrestin functions are described primarily from the structural prospective. The book covers basal structure of arrestin proteins, receptor binding-induced conformational changes in arrestins, as well as the structure of “pre-activated” mutants. Particular focus is on the arrestin elements interacting with numerous binding partners, GPCRs and cytoplasmic signaling proteins. We expect that this information and insights will help to understand and exploit the phenomenon of signaling bias, which is a new promising direction in drug discovery.
The chapters are written by the world-class specialists in the field, mostly the people who actually contributed the data discussed. The book gives coherent historical prospective and describes the most recent findings.
The book would be particularly useful for scientists in academia and industry working in the fields of pharmacology, cell biology, structural biology, and drug discovery. We expect that the focus on the molecular basis of protein-protein interactions would help to develop novel tools for engaging this important type of targets for research and therapeutic purposes.
The focus of the 4th edition has been around:
Integrated Text and Media with the NEW SaplingPlus
Paired for the first time with SaplingPlus, the most innovative digital solution for biochemistry students. Media-rich resources have been developed to support students' ability to visualize and understand individual and complex biochemistry concepts. Built-in assessments and interactive tools help students keep on track with reading and become proficient problem solvers with the help and guidance of hints and targeted feedback--ensuring every problem counts as a true learning experience.
Tools and Resources for Active Learning
A number of new features are designed to help instructors create a more active environment in the classroom. Tools and resources are provided within the text, SaplingPlus and instructor resources.
Extensive Problem-Solving Tools
A variety of end of chapter problems promote understanding of single concept and multi-concept problems. Built-in assessments help students keep on track with reading and become proficient problem solvers with the help and guidance of hints and targeted feedback--ensuring every problem counts as a true learning experience. Unique case studies and new Think/Pair/Share Problems help provide application and relevance, as well as a vehicle for active learning.
The book begins by presenting a lecture on advances in the study of the mechanism of polysaccharide synthesis. This is followed by studies on rabbit muscle aldolase; the catalytic function of α-glycerolphosphate dehydrogenase; the functional and structural roles of metals in metalloenzymes; and enzyme adaptation in mammals. Separate chapters cover collagen biosynthesis and the mechanisms involved in its regulation; the organization of lipids in bilayers; the behavior of water-lipid interactions; the permease or transport systems in the mitochondrial membrane; and interaction between TTX and STX with isolated nerve membrane constituents. The final chapter examines the coupling of respiration via specific dehydrogenases to the transport of amino acids and many sugars.
Organized into 10 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the molecular models that attempt to provide the correlation of the kinetic properties of the protein with its structural architecture. This text then examines several aspects of metabolism and of metabolic enzymes that appear to represent adaptations to the need to limit solute concentrations and conserve solvent capacity. Other chapters consider the factors that determine the overall rates of metabolic pathways. This book discusses as well the biosynthetic pathways leading to the branched-chain amino acids. The final chapter deals with the structure and mechanism of action of pyruvate carboxylase.
This book is a valuable resource for biologists and biochemists.
Since the first international meeting on this topic, held in Heidelberg in 1994, several new avenues of CK2 research have emerged despite persistent deficiencies in our understanding of the regulation of its activity. Among the significant new directions are studies related to the structure of the enzyme, especially its crystal structure, as well as an interesting aspect of CK2 function that involves its subunits as binding partners of several other proteins. In addition, new data have been gathered on the role of CK2 in transcription as well as in certain other cellular functions. To address these various aspects of the progress of CK2, a number of key scientists from different parts of the world came together at the second international meeting on `A Molecular and Cellular View of Protein Kinase CK2', held at Villard de Lans near Grenoble on September 24-26, 1997. The meeting was attended by nearly 50 participants and included 28 presentations, which provide a view of the latest progress on protein kinase CK2.
Vectorial Transport of Proteins into and across Membranes, brings together new methods and new topics as of 1991. Highlights include use of anti-idiotype antibodies, gene fusions, transcription, crosslinking, pulse-labeling, and reconstitution.Describes contemporary approaches for studying protein transport, protein topology and organelle biogenesisCovers methods from pre-eminent laboratories including: In vitro and in vivo investigations; Biochemical and immunological techniques; Prokaryote, chloroplast, mitochondria, peroxisome, and rough endoplasmic reticulum membranes
Comprised of 15 chapters, this volume starts with an overview of the structure and function of mitochondria. This book then explains all of the major categories of mitochondrial phenomena and provides the detailed molecular mechanism for mitochondrial energy coupling. Other chapters discuss the five postulates of the electromechanochemical model, including the super molecule concept, the principle of electromechanochemical energy transduction, conformon coupling, field-induced generation of the linkage system, and the de facto unit of mitochondrial control. Finally, the reader is introduced to the liver microsomal enzyme system, which catalyzes the hydroxylation of a variety of drugs, hydrocarbons, and fatty acids.
Biologists, molecular biologists, and biochemists will find this book extremely useful.
The book covers very interesting topics dealing with various osmolytes and the mechanistic approach for abiotic stress tolerance to pave the path of agricultural scientists, breeders for developing high yielding sustainable transgenic crops.
In the last few years, crystal structures of an impressive number of membrane proteins have been reported, thanks to tremendous advances in membrane protein crystallization techniques. Some of these recently solved structures belong to the G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) family, which are particularly difficult to crystallize due to their intrinsic flexibility. Nonetheless, these static structures do not provide the necessary information to understand the function of membrane proteins in the complex membrane milieu. This volume will address the dynamic nature of membrane proteins within the membrane and will provide the reader with an up-to date overview of the theory and practical approaches that can be used.
This volume will be invaluable to researchers working in a wide range of scientific areas, from biochemistry and molecular biology to biophysics and protein science. Students of these fields will also find this volume very useful. This book will also be of great use to those who are interested in the dynamic nature of biological processes.
Recently, new technologies allowed us to better understand this pivotal signaling cascade and revealed new regulatory mechanisms. The different chapters cover many aspects of the Notch signaling focusing on the mechanisms governing the receptor/ligand interaction as well as on the downstream intracellular signaling events. Aspects of both canonical and non-canonical signaling are discussed and the function of Notch signaling in physiological and pathological contexts are elucidated.
This book is not only intended for experts but it should also be a useful resource for young, sprouting scientists or interested scientists from other research areas, who may use this book as a stimulating starting point for further discoveries and developments.
The biological significance of these structural studies is emphasised throughout the book. The diversity of the material included here indicates the breadth of this field and the tremendous progress that has been made in recent years.
The book is directed primarily to advanced students and researchers in structural biology, and others in the biochemical sciences. It will be supplemented by other related books within the Subcellular Biochemistry series. One of the Editors (JM-W) is actively involved in structural biology and the other (JRH), as a retired academic and the Series Editor of Subcellular Biochemistry, has long experience at editing multi-author books./div
Some of the topics covered in the book are the fundamentals of digital and analog computers; analysis of complex waveforms; operational amplifiers; signal processing and parameter estimation; the core conductor model; voltage clamp techniques; cable theory; automatic computation equipment; and electric accounting machinery. The wave shape generation are covered. The characterization of systematic functions is discussed. The text describes the nerve containing axial wire. A study of the internal thin and outer diffuse electrodes is presented. A chapter is devoted to the simple one dimensional model. Another section focuses on the cylindrical model with radial symmetry and accuracy of membrane potential measurement.
The book can provide useful information to experimenters, students, and researchers.