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The aim of this short text is simply to introduce a reader to this topic. It is intended for a global audience and rather than being restricted to potential energy law students of a particular country. It is also written for students of other disciplines such as geographers, social scientists and engineers. It should also be engaging to those in a variety of professional practices who want an accessible background to and overview of the subject.

The text aims to outline the principles and central logic behind energy law. Therefore, readers from across the world should be able to use it as a guide to thinking about energy law in their own countries. A variety of examples from many different countries are included in the text and while examples and comparisons are mainly from the EU and US, they represent good examples of more advanced and innovative energy law.

For those readers who seek further or more in-depth knowledge, this text will only serve as an introduction. However, a key focus of the book is to direct the reader where they to look for further information and within the book there are suggested extra readings, the key recommended journals to read and other sources of information based on institutions who publish further material in this area.

The aim of the Energy Law: An Introduction is to introduce new readers to the developing area of energy law. The hope is that it provides an introduction to the legal challenges faced in the energy sector and the potential contribution of energy law to delivering a better world for future generations.

In 2012, over four billion people tuned in to watch the London Summer Olympics. As the single largest mega-event in the world, the Olympics has the power to captivate the global imagination. Long before athletes vie for a gold medal, however, competition between cities eager to host the Games kicks off with a rigorous bid process. The lengthy and expensive endeavor to host the Olympics is as high-stakes as any sporting event. Rather than encouraging cities to refrain from bidding, Bidding for Development takes a policy approach that challenges stakeholders to bid responsibly and strategically in pursuit of concrete outcomes.

Every bid city has the potential to accelerate long-term transportation development through a strategic and robust planning process. This book concentrates on the phenomenon of repeat Olympic bids and the opportunities that may come from bidding, particularly for those cities that never win the Games. In this context, Bidding for Development explores the intersection between transportation infrastructure development, the Olympic bid process, and the resulting legacies experienced by bid losers. The findings address the central question: how can participating in the Olympic bid process accelerate transportation development regardless of the bid result?

In response, this book presents a Bid Framework outlining how and when cities may use the bid to unite resources, align transportation priorities, and empower leaders to achieve urban development objectives in preparation for the Olympic bid. The Bid Framework is then applied to two case studies, Manchester and Istanbul, to examine each bid loser's effectiveness in using the bid process to catalyze transportation development. Concurrently, the book takes into consideration how the International Olympic Committee’s evolving bid regulations and requirements relate to urban development and positive social legacy. Bidding for Development delivers actionable recommendations for all Olympic stakeholders to improve the value of the bid process and transportation benefits beyond the Games.

Preface The importance of broadband Internet is a topic that is receiving much attention. The availability of broadband in rural areas has been low; the overcoming of this gap - tween population-sparse and population-dense areas has been a key issue on the - formation society agenda. Decision-makers – at municipal and national levels – are facing increasing pressure to overcome these discrepancies. This book seeks to provide insights for immediate action on two levels. Firstly, the management perspective addresses the economic relevance of broadband and feasible business models. The second part of the book takes a legal perspective, providing - nicipal decision-makers with guidelines for the swift implementation and the legal f- sibility of rural broadband rollout solutions. This dual approach combines the legal perspective with the field of business administration as well as economic restrictions with the field of law. Interdisciplinarity is crucial within this context. Allowances must be made for the form and format of both parts of the book. The authors have chosen to retain the legal and economic specifics in order to ensure usability in both areas. This book predominantly addresses people working with business models, broadband - searchers as well as decision-makers and politicians evaluating the legal feasibility of broadband rollout projects at a municipal level. Therefore, the first part of the book focuses on the economical feasibility of rural broadband rollout strategies – including an international comparative analysis – as well as the sustainability of broadband technologies.
We are proud to present the following collection of papers on Public Governance and Leadership. The idea behind this book goes back many years. It represents the culmination of a 15-year-long exchange between academics at German, Australian and British universities. Those deliberations inspired us to make Public Governance and Leadership the focus of this collection. Our challenge has been to identify and to bring together a group of internationally well known and renowned scholars to work on a variety of different aspects of this theme. Therefore, our thanks must first go to our contributors, all of whom worked with us to design and produce this compilation as a collective good. This work stands as evidence that very carefully built-up cross-cultural academic social capital can be used as a lever to create what we hope will be a very productive academic result. As editors we have our creditors. It goes without saying, but nevertheless it must be said, that in bringing a multi-national publication to press requires continuous excellent technical support. Our special thanks go to all the staff members and assistants who worked on this project from the Hamburg Helmut Schmidt University. We especially want to thank Ann-Christine Hasemann, who was most professional in her preparation of the manuscript in close co-operation with all the contributors and with the publisher. Any academic praise generated by the publication of this collection must be attributed to the efforts of the contributors.
The soils of our planet in enabling and sustaining plant growth provide the basis of human existence, as about 98 % of all foodstuff is primarily produced by t- restrial ecosystems. As a consequence of erosion, desertification, and the dev- opment of buildings, roads, industrial estates, etc, the utilizable soil surface area of the world is now decreasing by about 10 million ha annually, a loss which is occurring concurrently with a rapid increase of world population which is - pected to reach 8. 5 billion people by the year 2020. A diminishing soil area has thus to satisfy an ever increasing population. The human race is therefore faced with the major challenge of ensuring substantial and rising increases in plant production per unit land area worldwide, but with lower resource inputs and the need for long-term preservation of soil fertility under uncertain and possibly strongly changing climatic conditions on a global scale. Scientifically sound recommendations for agricultural and environmental policies are expected from research work. These require well-founded knowledge about the reaction of soils and agroecosystems towards different cultivation and fertilization practices as well as towards climatic factors. Such knowledge can only be obtained by long-term investigations, as the effects of human activity as well as of non-anthropogenic factors occur very gradually because of the buffer capacity of the ecosystems, and they are often quantifiable only in the fullness of time.
This book deals with the immediate effects of, and response to, Hurricane María on the social, ecological, and technological systems (SETS) of Puerto Rico. The SETS approach to analyzing hurricane effects places into historical context the role of social and technological factors, and compares social and ecological resilience on the same temporal scales. Written from the perspective of a Puerto Rican scientist who experienced Maria's wrath first-hand, the book uses extensive empirical knowledge of the ecological effects of hurricanes on Caribbean forests and combines that knowledge with a detailed analysis of the effects of Hurricane María on the social and technological fabric of Puerto Rico.
The comparison suggests that the effects of extreme events are dictated not only by the strength of the physical event, but also by the conditions of affected SETS at the time when the event exerts influence over them. Moreover, SETS have historical legacies that influence how resilient they can be when affected by an extreme event. Therefore, preparation and response to extreme events require an integrated social, ecological, and technological effort, known as the SETS response. The SETS response requires an understanding of the energetics of extreme events and their effects on the economy, which in turn determines social and technological resilience. Hurricane María demonstrated that the social and technological systems of Puerto Rico were not adapted to dealing with extreme events, in contrast with the ecological systems, which were. Hurricane María’s effect on Puerto Rico can be used as an example from which valuable lessons emerge for making SETS more adaptable and resilient to extreme events.
This book employs a unique interdisciplinary approach to analyze different ethical dilemmas in public policy, applying values and concepts to examine substantive policy and public issues that are grounded in practical realities (by integrating philosophy, political science, law, policy studies etc.), thereby bringing fresh insights to governance. Building on the nascent scholarly literature on the role of values in governance, it focuses on analyzing “social values in public policy” in the East-West context of Hong Kong, yielding new insights on how to achieve good governance by reflecting on public affairs and policy issues from a social values perspective. The book will be of interest to researchers, postgraduate and undergraduate students in the fields of philosophy, political science, public policy and social science in general, while politicians, public administrators, policy researchers and other professionals (e.g. teachers, journalists, social workers, doctors etc.) from both East and West will find it stimulating and constructive. The book offers well-founded reading and reference material for citizenship education, e.g. as teaching materials, especially for General Education courses at universities and Liberal Studies and Arts curricula in secondary schools. It also provides food for thought on the part of general citizens.“This will be a very important and unique book in the study of ethical pluralism andpublic policy in Hong Kong.”– Professor Sonny Lo Shiu Hing“Public policy both reflects and shapes social values and social norms. However, the so-cial values and ethical dimensions of public policy are often left implicit and unexploredin policy analysis and policy formulation. The big questions – what kind of society dowe want to create? What is at stake here? Whose values? – are debated and discussedin some other context which is more distant from the applied world of policymaking.This book takes a different position and puts ethical issues and social values up front inan exploration of a number of key public policy issues in Hong Kong. In doing so, thebook makes a very timely intervention in Hong Kong’s increasingly contentious publicaffairs and makes an important contribution to the general literature.”– Professor Ray Forrest
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