Nanoporous Materials: Advanced Techniques for Characterization, Modeling, and Processing outlines existing and expected innovations in the combination of characterization and modeling techniques used to distinguish, monitor, and control the evolution of properties in nanoporous sorbents, catalysts, and membranes during their synthesis and utilization in several important energy processes.
Providing broad coverage of the subject to make it useful for academic and industrial researchers from different disciplines and backgrounds, this book:
Presents the basic principles and major applications of key characterization techniques—from diffraction and spectroscopy to calorimetry and permeability
Explores computer simulation techniques, an indispensable complement to the combination of the aforementioned analytical techniques
Covers the fundamentals and the recent advances in sorption, membrane, and catalyst processes
Describes two characteristic case studies on emerging areas of application of porous solids in the fields of gas-to-liquid conversion and hydrogen storage
This reference takes a detailed approach to the subject, starting with basics, so that beginners or non-expert readers can learn and apply presented fundamentals and examples to their work. Organized into well-focused sections written by internationally known experts, this book includes case studies, end-of-chapter problems, and illustrative video presentations of basic principles.
The book includes sections on Structure Modeling and Prediction, Synthesis, Nucleation and Growth, Sorption and Separation processes, Reactivity and Catalysis, and Fundamental Developments in Methodology to give a complete overview of the techniques currently utilized in this rapidly advancing field.
It thoroughly addresses the major challenges in the field of microporous materials, including the crystallization mechanism of porous materials and rational synthesis of porous materials with controllable porous structures and compositions. New applications in emerging areas are also covered, including biomass conversion, C1 chemistry, and CO2 capture.Authored and edited by experts in the field of micro- and meso-porous materialsIncludes introductory material and background both on the science of microporous materials and on the techniques employed in contemporary modeling studiesRigorous enough for scientists conducting related research, but also accessible to graduate students in chemistry, chemical engineering, and materials science
Each contributor in the book has worked on carbon materials for many years, and their background and experience will provide guidance on the development and research of carbon materials and their further applications.Focuses on characterization techniques for carbon materials Authored by experts who are considered specialists in their respective techniquesPresents practical results on various carbon materials, including fault results, which will help readers understand the optimum conditions for the characterization of carbon materials
The book is designed for materials and biomaterials scientists, biomedical engineers, chemists, and chemical engineers who are interested in designing and utilizing processes to synthesize, modify, characterize, use, and model nanopores. The strong chemical focus of the book differentiates it from other books published on nanopores, which traditionally focus either on physics, biophysics, and nanofabrication (solid-state nanopores) or biophysics and biology (biological ion channels and pores).Explains how the chemical modification of nanopores and nanochannels can be used in filtration, membranes, and sensingProvides advanced coverage of novel synthetic applicationsFocuses on the latest developments in nanopore and nanochannel engineeringPresents an account of the different preparation and characterization techniques of chemically modified nanopores, their applications, and case studies
The book fills the growing gap in this challenging area, bringing together disparate strands in chemistry, physics, biology, and other relevant disciplines. It provides an overview on nanotechnology, nanomaterials, nano(eco)toxicology, and nanomaterial characterization, focusing on the characterization of a range of nanomaterial physicochemical properties of relevance to environmental and toxicological studies and their available analytical techniques.
Readers will find a multidisciplinary approach that provides highly skilled scientists, engineers, and technicians with the tools they need to understand and interpret complicated sets of data obtained through sophisticated analytical techniques.Addresses the requirements, challenges, and solutions for nanomaterial characterization in environmentally complex mediaFocuses on technique limitations, appropriate data collection, data interpretation, and analysisAids in understanding and comparing nanomaterial characterization data reported in the literature using different analytical toolsIncludes case studies of characterization relevant complex media to enhance understanding
Recent developments in nanoscience and nanotechnology have given rise to a new generation of functional organic nanomaterials with controlled morphology and well-defined properties, which enable a broad range of useful applications. This book explores some of the most important of these organic nanomaterials, describing how they are synthesized and characterized. Moreover, the book explains how researchers have incorporated organic nanomaterials into devices for real-world applications.
Featuring contributions from an international team of leading nanoscientists, Organic Nanomaterials is divided into five parts:Part One introduces the fundamentals of nanomaterials and self-assembled nanostructures Part Two examines carbon nanostructures—from fullerenes to carbon nanotubes to graphene—reporting on properties, theoretical studies, and applications Part Three investigates key aspects of some inorganic materials, self-assembled monolayers, organic field effect transistors, and molecular self-assembly at solid surfaces Part Four explores topics that involve both biological aspects and nanomaterials such as biofunctionalized surfaces Part Five offers detailed examples of how organic nanomaterials enhance sensors and molecular photovoltaics
Most of the chapters end with a summary highlighting the key points. References at the end of each chapter guide readers to the growing body of original research reports and reviews in the field.
Reflecting the interdisciplinary nature of organic nanomaterials, this book is recommended for researchers in chemistry, physics, materials science, polymer science, and chemical and materials engineering. All readers will learn the principles of synthesizing and characterizing new organic nanomaterials in order to support a broad range of exciting new applications.
This book will help readers develop a better understanding of the types of materials used for sensing at the nano level, while also providing an insightful overview on recent advances in this important area.Demonstrates how the use of nanomaterials allows for the creation of cheaper, more reliable sensorsShows how metal oxide nanostructures are used as both sensors and supports for embedded organic and organometallic sensing moleculesExplores a novel sensing methodology resulting from the integration of nanostructured sensors into radio frequency identification tags
There is continuous research to facilitate product development, thereby improving product quality and reliability in industry. This volume is devoted to novel architectures at the nano-level with an emphasis on new synthesis and characterization methods. Special emphasis is given to new applications of nanostructures and nanocomposites in various fields, such as nano-electronics, energy conversion, catalysis, drug delivery and nano-medicine.
The chapters are divided into sections focusing on:Nanoparticles Assembly and Nanostructured Materials Nanocomposites Properties Nanostructured Materials for Biomedical Applications
In addition, a further commercialization of this technology requires advanced catalysts to address major obstacles faced by the commonly used Pt/C nanoparticles. The unique structure of one-dimensional nanostructures give them advantages to overcome some drawbacks of Pt/C nanoparticles as a new type of excellent catalysts for fuel cell reactions. In recent years, great efforts have been devoted in this area, and much progress has been achieved.Provides a review of 1D catalysts for applications in polymer electrolyte fuel cellsPresents an ideal reference for the design and development of a new generation of catalysts to assist in the realization of successful commercial useHighlights the progress made in recent years in this emerging field
Higher order correlation functions must be calculated or measured to increase the precision of the statistical continuum approach. To achieve this aim, a new approximation methodology is utilized to obtain N-point correlation functions for multiphase heterogeneous materials. The two-point functions measured by different techniques have been exploited to reconstruct the microstructure of heterogeneous media.
Statistical continuum theory is used to predict the effective thermal conductivity and elastic modulus of polymer composites. N-point probability functions as statistical descriptors of inclusions have been exploited to solve strong contrast homogenization for effective thermal conductivity and elastic modulus properties of heterogeneous materials. Finally, reconstructed microstructure is used to calculate effective properties and damage modeling of heterogeneous materials.
Finally, the book examines the emerging market for sustainable materials and their advanced applications, with a particular focus on the bio-nano interface and their future outlook.Features detailed information on the fundamentals of bio-nano interfacial interactions in sustainable nanomaterialsIncludes advanced applications of these materials that will help the end user select the appropriate materials for their desired applicationFeatures extensive information on the dynamics of these materials, helping the end user extend their work into new applications
This is the first book that explores methodologies for using Materials Studio, Lammps and Gromacs in the same place. It will be beneficial for students, researchers and scientists working in the field of molecular dynamics simulation.Gives a detailed explanation of basic commands and modules of Materials Studio, Lammps and GromacsShows how Materials Studio, Lammps and Gromacs predict mechanical, thermal, electrical and optical properties of nanocompositesUses case studies to show which software should be used to solve a variety of nanoscale modeling problems
In an effort to organize the field, the Handbook of Less-Common Nanostructures presents an informal classification based mainly on the less-common nanostructures. A small nanotechnological encyclopedia, this book:
Describes a range of little-known nanostructures Offers a unifying vision of the synthesis of nanostructures and the generalization of rare nanoforms Includes a CD-ROM with color versions of more than 100 nanostructures Explores the fabrication of rare nanostructures, including modern physical, chemical, and biological synthesis techniques
The Handbook of Less-Common Nanostructures discusses a classification system not directly related to the dimensionality and chemical composition of nanostructure-forming compounds or composite. Instead, it is based mainly on the less-common nanostructures. Possessing unusual shapes and high surface areas, these structures are potentially very useful for catalytic, medical, electronic, and many other applications.
The book has practical examples from literature, patents, and existing commercial products. Readers can design new work based upon the material in the book or use it as a handy reference for interpreting existing work and results.