Contents:An Introduction to Wetlands in the Tropics (Jagath Manatunge and W.A.U. Witharana):Definitions of WetlandsGeographic Distribution of Tropical Natural WetlandsAdoption to the Tropical EnvironmentConstructed Wetlands in Tropical ClimatesExamples of ApplicationsThe Tropical Environment (M.I.M. Mowjood and S. Sasikala):Population and Food ProductionChanging EnvironmentsEnvironmental DegradationProtecting the EnvironmentPollutants and Wetland Treatment (K.B.S.N. Jinadasa and G.M.P.R. Weerakoon):Wetland Treatment ProcessPollutants and Their TransformationsWetland Plant Dynamics (Norio Tanaka and S.K. Weragoda):Types of Macrophytes and Factors Affecting Their GrowthRole of Macrophytes in WetlandsPlant PhysiologyCase Study on Growth Characteristics of Wetland MacrophytesDesign of Tropical Constructed Wetlands (W.J. Ng and Gayan Gunaratne):The Importance of Wastewater Quality Parameters in Facility DesignProcess Design — Reaction Rate and Hydraulic Residence Time (HRT)Water Quality Improvement — A Tropical Case StudyEffects of Vegetation on Water Quality ImprovementEngineering the Wetlands (D.R.I.B. Werellagama and Sisira Karunaratne):IntroductionFlow ControlSubstrate in WetlandsConstruction AspectsPre-Treatment for the Wetland SystemMaintenance of WetlandsCost and Sustainability of Constructed Wetlands (A.K. Karunarathna):IntroductionConstruction CostsOperation and Maintenance CostsSustainability of Constructed Wetlands in Tropics
Readership: Researchers, academics and professionals in environmental engineering, environmental management, environmental technology, pollution and waste management.
Keywords:Constructed Wetlands;Tropical;Sustainable Management;Waste Quality;Wastewater TreatmentKey Features:The first book that describes the application of constructed wetland technology in tropical conditionsContains state-of-the-art information for practicing engineers in wetlands designA holistic overview of all the processes in wetlands with an emphasis on tropical conditions
Creating a profitable agricultural business not only builds wealth for you and your family. It also has the potential to build wealth for the surrounding community.
If you’re ready to leave the corporate rat-race and take the leap into being your own boss, agribusiness is an excellent option. Of course, there is some work and risk involved in getting started, but the rewards can certainly outweigh the risks.
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It describes the transformation of the coffee landscape by the development of economically, socially and environmentally viable and dedicated supply chains. Suppliers have been encouraged to shift production and quality paradigms, in order to develop long-term and sustainable strategies for higher value and premium quality products. This has been partially achieved by establishing a robust partnership with the Coffee Growers Federation and other public, private and social actors, thereby taking control of the institutional architecture and knowledge base that exists in the country. The book provides an important lesson of corporate social responsibility and the creation of shared value for the benefit of farmers, corporations and consumers.
There have been many new developments since the third edition of The Oil Palm in 1988, particularly in the fields of clonal propagation, agronomy, breeding and molecular genetics. This new edition has been completely rewritten, and is the first book to record and explore these and many other developments.
The book traces the origins and progress of the industry, and describes the basic science underlying the physiology, breeding and nutrition of the oil palm. It covers both cutting-edge research, and wider issues such as genetic modification of the crop, the promise of clonal propagation, and the effects of palm oil on human health. The practical problems of maximising yield of oil and kernels are discussed in relation to the present 'yield gap' and oil extraction rate decline in Malaysia. The oil palm is also compared to the soya bean and other oil crops, and the recent history of the price of oil palm products is considered in the light of this.
The Oil Palm makes an essential contribution to oil palm research and will be an indispensable reference and guide for agricultural students, researchers and all those working, worldwide, in the oil palm industry.
Penulisan Ekologi Papua melibatkan 76 penulis yang merupakan pakar yang diakui secara global di bidangnya masing-masing. Mereka untuk pertama kalinya menghimpun sejumlah aspek lingkungan Papua. Buku ini dirancang untk para mahasiswa dan pemerhati konservasi, pegiat lingkungan dan peneliti akademis. Masing-masing topik diuraikan secara rinci namun padat dengan data biogeografis, referensi Sejarah, dan wawasan segar mengenai kawasan yang sangat rumit namun mengagumkan ini. Kami berharap buku ini akan mendorong tingkat kesadartahuan tentang Papua, baik pada skala global maupun lokal dan untuk menjadi katalisator bagi konservasi asset alam yang paling berharga secara efektif.
Publikasi Ekologi Papua ini merupakan jilid terakhir dalam Seri Ekologi Indonesia.
The first chapter gives a brief account of the anatomy, morphology and physiology of the sugarcane plant to facilitate terminology and especially for a better appreciation of the effect of disease on the growth of the crop. Diseases are extensively treated as in Volume I, with a very good description of their symptoms and variation under different conditions and severity, all well illustrated by black and white figures and in a set of colour plates at the end of the book which will prove of valuable help for identification. The causal agents of the diseases are described giving synonyms, cultural characteristics, isolation methods and present knowledge on race variation, an aspect on which there has been quite an advance in knowledge since Volume I was published. New techniques of diagnosis are also given. Advances in research on the diseases over the last 25 years are well covered and supported by an extensive bibliography at the end of each chapter.
The book has been edited by people having first hand experience in the field and in research on these diseases. Authors have been selected from among the most knowledgeable all over the sugar cane world, especially with due regard to the importance of the different diseases in their countries.
The book should prove of immense value to those concerned with practical aspects of plant disease control in the field: pathologists, agronomists and crop specialists, including consultants, to those concerned with quarantine of the crop, for university lectures and students, and research scientists.
In a pre-publication review D.J. Heinz and S.A. Ferreira of the Hawaiian Sugar Planters' Association stated: ``Much has changed and new information generated since the original version of this book was published in 1961. This new edition incorporates most of it, providing both the laboratory and field sugarcane pathologist a complete and authoritative guide to the major sugarcane diseases of the world. It is the best single book available on sugarcane diseases.''
It is in the jungle that Pearce discovers secrets about how evolution works, the intricate links that connect us all, and maybe even clues to where humans came from - here is the key to our future foods and medicines, our climate and our understanding of how life works. At the start of a new millennium Pearce asks why we continue to waste precious time - and billions of dollars - looking for signs of life elsewhere in our universe when the greatest range of life-forms that have ever existed lies right here on our doorstep. Today environmentalists say we are on the verge of destroying the last rainforests, and with them the planet's evolutionary crucible, and maybe even its ability to maintain life on Earth. But nature has a way of getting its own back. The Mayans and the people of Angkor went too far in manipulating nature and paid the ultimate price. Their civilisations died and the jungle returned. Nature reclaimed it's own and it may do so again ...
After an introduction to the environments and geological histories of the major rain forest regions, subsequent chapters focus on plants, primates, carnivores and plant-eaters, birds, fruit bats and gliding animals, and insects, with an emphasis on the ecological and biogeographical differences between regions. This is followed by a new chapter on the unique tropical rain forests of oceanic islands. The final chapter, which has been completely rewritten, deals with the impacts of people on tropical rain forests and discusses possible conservation strategies that take into account the differences highlighted in the previous chapters. This exciting and very readable book, illustrated throughout with color photographs, will be invaluable reading for undergraduate students in a wide range of courses as well as an authoritative reference for graduate and professional ecologists, conservationists, and interested amateurs.