Biofilms are the most common mode of bacterial growth in nature. Highly resistant to antibiotics and antimicrobials, biofilms are the source of more than 65 percent of health care associated infections (HCAI), which, according to the WHO, affect 1.4 million people annually. Biofilms are involved in 80 percent of all microbial infections in the body, including those associated with medical devices such as catheters, endotracheal tubes, joint prostheses, and heart valves. Biofilms are also the principle causes of infections of the middle-ear, dental caries, gingivitis, prostatitis and cystic fibrosis. Importantly, biofilms also significantly delay wound healing and reduce antimicrobial efficiency in at-risk or infected skin wounds.Provides specific procedures for controlling and preventing infectionIncludes case studies of HCAI, and identifies appropriate treatments Presents national government standards for infection prevention and controlIncludes extensive references and links to websites for further information
- 50 project-based lessons of increasing difficulty teaching the fundamental skills of drawing.
- Step-by-step illustrations of the techniques for drawing a variety of subjects.
- Color is used to show new strokes, making it easy to follow along and learn.
- A variety of the most important drawing subjects are featured, including people, animals, objects, landscapes, still-lifes, buildings, and more.
- Teaches basic concepts of drawing, such as contour, proportion, gradation, abstraction, texture, dimension, perspective, symmetry, light and shadow, texture, depth, and anatomy.
Get Started: Wine Appreciation teaches complete beginners the skills needed to identify and appreciate wine. Start simple with the differences between key wines, build on your skills with tasting sessions on different grape varieties, and then show off with wines from different climates and regions.
With step-by-step pictures and practice exercises to keep you on the right track, Get Started: Wine Appreciation will help you learn your new skill in no time.
More than any other series on the market, DK's Get Started aims to provide the reader with carefully structured learning and a classroom approach to teaching that allows you to build your own course from practical lessons and themed projects.
Each book begins by answering fundamental questions, identifying an essential starter kit of tools and equipment, and explaining how to build a course. The book then divides into subject areas, with key techniques for each area demonstrated through visual glossaries and step-by-steps, followed by graded projects with annotated instructions and an assessment of how to build on achievements.
Let DK be the perfect one-on-one tutor you never had: patient, illuminating, inspiring - always at hand to point you in the right direction so you can achieve your potential.
Historian David Williams has written the first account of the American Civil War though the eyes of ordinary people—foot soldiers, slaves, women, prisoners of war, draft resisters, Native Americans, and others. Richly illustrated with little-known anecdotes and first-hand testimony, this pathbreaking narrative moves beyond presidents and generals to tell a new and powerful story about America’s most destructive conflict.
A People’s History of the Civil War is "readable social history" that "sheds fascinating light" (Publishers Weekly) on this crucial period. In so doing it recovers the long-overlooked perspectives and forgotten voices of one of the defining chapters of American history.
This valuable and important teaching tool will be of interest to students of development, international relations, politics and economics.
Williams brings together science and the humanities, demonstrating a critical way of approaching literature that incorporates scientific thought.
This conflict was so clearly highlighted by the perception that the Civil War was "a rich man's war and a poor man's fight" that growing numbers of oppressed whites and blacks openly rebelled against Confederate authority, undermining the fight for independence. After the war, however, the upper classes encouraged enmity between freedpeople and poor whites to prevent a class revolution. Trapped by racism and poverty, the poor remained in virtual economic slavery, still dominated by an almost unchanged planter elite.
The publication of this book was supported by the Historic Chattahoochee Commission.
Governing the World: Cases in Global Governancetakes an alternative approach to understanding the concept by exploring how global governance works in practice through a set of case studies on both classical issues of international relations such as security, labour and trade, and more contemporary concerns such as the environment, international development, and governing the internet.
The book explores the processes, practice and politics of global governance by taking a broad look at issues of human rights governance and focusing on detailed aspects of a topic such as torture and rendition to help explain how governance does, or does not, work to students and researchers of international politics alike. Bringing together a diverse and international group of scholars, each chapter responds to a set of questions as to what is being governed, how and who by and offers issue-specific case studies and recommended reading to develop a full understanding of the issue explored and what it means for global governance.
While intended to honour the memory of Martin Fleischmann, Developments in Electrochemistry is neither a biography nor a history of his contributions. Rather, the book is a series of critical reviews of topics in electrochemical science associated with Martin Fleischmann but remaining important today. The authors are all scientists with outstanding international reputations who have made their own contribution to their topic; most have also worked with Martin Fleischmann and benefitted from his guidance.
Each of the 19 chapters within this volume begin with an outline of Martin Fleischmann’s contribution to the topic, followed by examples of research, established applications and prospects for future developments.
The book is of interest to both students and experienced workers in universities and industry who are active in developing electrochemical science.
In this installation, the authors will lead the reader to destinations unknown; from the heartbreak of driving to visit a loved one for the last time, to the far-reaches of outer space, to mysterious islands inhabited by long-forgotten spirits. You will learn how deadly a trip to a greenhouse can be, the perils involved in delivering the mail, and a hard lesson about how shiny new Volkswagen Beetles should not be trusted. These stories of traveling and journeys will touch your heart, send shivers down your spine, and make you root for the underdog.
Whether to be enlightened, entertained, or momentarily caught up in another world, these selections convey the true spirit of the short story.
In this book readers get:
-- How-to steps for creating 50 of the most popular pets, with plenty of varieties of dogs, puppies, cats, and kittens, in addition to favorite fish, birds, reptiles, and rodents-even horses.
-- Materials and methods needed for simple animal drawings.
-- Tutorials on patterns and shadings to make basic drawings more realistic.
-- Tips on drawing from life and from photos.
-- New strokes shown in second color, making the process easy and fun to learn.
-- Help with rendering more complex poses and mastering more difficult body parts.
-- The right combination of text and images to make learning to draw easy for people of all learning styles.
David Williams examines changing World Bank policy since the late 1970s to show how a concern with good governance grew out of the problems the World Bank was experiencing with structural adjustment lending, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa. The book provides an account of the early years of the World Bank and traces the increasing acceptance of the idea of good governance within the Bank through the 1990s, while systematically relating the policies of good governance to liberalism. The author provides a detailed case study of World Bank lending to Ghana to demonstrate what the attempt to improve ‘governance’ looks like in practice. Williams assesses whether the World Bank has been successful in its attempts to improve governance, and draws out some of the implications of the argument for how we should think about sovereignty, for how we should understand the connections between liberalism and international politics.
This book will be of interest to students and scholars of international relations, politics, economics, development and African studies.
Furries are so much fun to draw, people have been doing so for thousands of years. By crossing animal traits with human, you can create some fantastic characters with distinct personalities.
The authors of Draw Furries bring you more of the best step-by-step lessons for creating anthropomorphic characters. You'll learn everything from furry anatomy, facial expressions and poses to costumes, coloring and settings! You'll also learn how to create characters that convey the various personalities and spirits of the animals they resemble. Draw More Furries is packed with 20 new furries, "scalies," and mythological creatures with lessons covering everything from drawing mouths and muzzles to paws, feathers and fur. The anthropomorphic creatures you can create with these easy-to-learn lessons are limitless!
But you won't just stop there. Lindsay and Jared take you to the next level by showing you how to build a scene from start to finish. From dinosaur warriors to snow leopard pirates, you'll be drawing all kinds of fun, furry friends in no time! Loaded with more than 50 step-by-step demonstrations for a variety of characters from furries to mythological creatures. Extended demonstration shows how to build a scene from initial concept drawings and character development to a final colored scene. See a variety of different styles of art from guest artists who share their processes for creating lively characters.
For the first time ever, drawing instructor and graphic novelist Mark Crilley brings his easy-to-follow artistic instruction to aspiring artists in the form of a comic book, providing you with a one-of-a-kind how-to experience. In The Drawing Lesson, you’ll meet David—a young boy who wants nothing more than to learn how to draw. Luckily for David, he’s just met Becky—his helpful drawing mentor. Page by page, Becky teaches David (and you!) about the essential fundamentals that artists need in order to master drawing, all in a unique visual format. In panel after panel, Crilley provides lessons on shading, negative space, creating compositions, and more, with accompanying exercises that you can try for yourself. Are you ready to start your drawing lesson today?
There's so much to explore in the world of furries, from flamboyant costumes to spectacular hair styles to unforgettable expressions and poses--it's all here!
The authors of Draw Furries and Draw More Furries have taken drawing these fantastical creatures to a whole other level--covering all of the bases. Immerse yourself in multiple easy-to-draw lessons and discover different coloring techniques, learn how to create realistic fur and scales and develop the skills to go about creating your own personal fursona! The possibilities are limitless when making these amazing anthropomorphic characters, so join Lindsay and Jared as they take you to the next level of your furtastic journey! Jam-packed with 25 step-by-step demonstrations to help you create a wide array of furries, ranging from slinky scalies to a modern day sphinx Loaded with a variety of different styles and techniques from contributing artists as they take you on a journey through their artistic processes Learn how to create a furry from start to finish, delving deeper into designing a personal wardrobe, exploring the perfect background for your characters and so much more
Drawing is an acquired skill, not a talent--anyone can learn to draw! All you need is a pencil, a piece of paper, and the willingness to tap into your hidden artistic abilities. With Emmy award-winning, longtime PBS host Mark Kistler as your guide, you'll learn the secrets of sophisticated three-dimensional renderings, and have fun along the way--in just 20 minutes a day for a month. Inside you'll find:
Quick and easy step-by-step instructions for drawing everything from simple spheres to apples, trees, buildings, and the human hand and faceMore than 500 line drawings, illustrating each stepTime-tested tips, techniques, and tutorials for drawing in 3-DThe 9 Fundamental Laws of Drawing to create the illusion of depth in any drawing75 student examples to help gauge your own progress
What do you get when you cross a human with a horse (or a hamster, or a hummingbird)? You get any one of a number of fun anthropomorphic animals, also known as "furries" to their friends. From facial expressions to creative coloring, this book contains all the know-how you need to create anthropomorphic cat, dog, horse, rodent and bird characters.
Step by step, you'll learn how to:Draw species-appropriate tails, eyes, wings and other fun details Give your characters clothes, poses and personalities Create the perfect backgrounds for your furry antics—with two start-to-finish demonstrations showing how Packed with tons of inspiration—from teeny-bopper bunnies and yorky glamour queens to Ninja squirrels and lion kings—Draw Furries will help you create a world of crazy, cool characters just waiting to burst out of your imagination.
These beautifully drawn women go all out to illustrate their fighting prowess in a bunch of brutal, no-holds-barred drawings:
Full-color illustrations, line art drawings, even sketches, all hand-drawn and digitally colored by the notorious Nonoririn.
Ready to rumble?
From comics to video games to contemporary fine art, the beautiful, wide-eyed-girl look of shoujo manga has infiltrated pop culture, and no artist's work today better exemplifies this trend than Camilla D'Errico's. In her first instructional guide, D'Errico reveals techniques for creating her emotive yet playful manga characters, with lessons on drawing basic body construction, capturing action, and creating animals, chibis, and mascots. Plus, she gives readers a behind-the-scenes look at her character design process, pointers on creating their own comics, and prompts for finishing her drawings.
Pop Manga is both a celebration of creativity and an indespensible guide that is sure to appeal to manga diehards and aspiring artists alike.
Authors Mark and Mary Willenbrink (Watercolor for the Absolute Beginner) cover it all—from choosing materials and the correct way to hold your pencil, to expert advice on the tricky stuff, like getting proportions and perspective right, drawing reflections, and designing strong compositions. (It's not as scary as it sounds…not with Mark and Mary as your guide!)
At the heart of this book, a series of fun, hands-on exercises help you practice and perfect your strokes—24 mini-demos lead up to 9 full step-by-step demos. Each exercise builds on the previous one as you develop your skills, build your confidence, and enjoy yourself along the way. The lessons you learn by drawing simple subjects such as coffee mugs, clouds and trees will help you take on progressively more challenging matter like animals, still lifes, landscapes and portraits…the kinds of subjects and scenes you've always dreamt of drawing.
This book is just the ticket for budding artists of any age. It's never too early and never too late to discover the pure joy of drawing!
The highly anticipated follow-up to the best-selling Mastering Manga provides everything you need, regardless of your skill-level, to learn how to draw manga like a pro.
Graphic novelist and YouTube's most popular art instructor Mark Crilley is back to lead you on your artistic journey. No matter what your experience, Mastering Manga 2 will have you creating manga in no time. You'll master the basics of facial and body proportions as your drawing skills increase to the next level. Clear and easy step-by-step instruction will walk you through the mechanics of how to draw manga. You'll learn to create characters in diverse settings and scenes, as well as a variety of styles. Lessons on background and perspective will help you pull it all together into a full manga story panel.
More than 30 step-by-step demonstrations! Proportion. Learn to draw all types of bodies, faces, ages and ethnicities in profile, from behind, and more, including how to turn a full-sized character into an adorable chibi. Clothing and body language. Reveal your character's personality through hairstyles, expressions, clothing styles and accessories. Useful poses. Tweak 16 classic manga poses to make them your own, or follow along with specific step-by-step demonstrations on drawing characters sitting, fighting, kissing and more. Environments. Create all types of habitats and moods using forest elements, rain, and the effects of water and weather. Anatomy of a manga panel. Learn how to choose the correct composition, background, depth and balance to create the most effective panel layout for your story. Grab a pencil and learn all the secrets needed to bring your manga story to life!