--Hans Camenzind, inventor of the 555 timer (the world's most successful integrated circuit), and author of Much Ado About Almost Nothing: Man's Encounter with the Electron (Booklocker.com)
"A fabulous book: well written, well paced, fun, and informative. I also love the sense of humor. It's very good at disarming the fear. And it's gorgeous. I'll be recommending this book highly."
--Tom Igoe, author of Physical Computing and Making Things Talk
Want to learn the fundamentals of electronics in a fun, hands-on way? With Make: Electronics, you'll start working on real projects as soon as you crack open the book. Explore all of the key components and essential principles through a series of fascinating experiments. You'll build the circuits first, then learn the theory behind them!
Build working devices, from simple to complex You'll start with the basics and then move on to more complicated projects. Go from switching circuits to integrated circuits, and from simple alarms to programmable microcontrollers. Step-by-step instructions and more than 500 full-color photographs and illustrations will help you use -- and understand -- electronics concepts and techniques.Discover by breaking things: experiment with components and learn from failure Set up a tricked-out project space: make a work area at home, equipped with the tools and parts you'll need Learn about key electronic components and their functions within a circuit Create an intrusion alarm, holiday lights, wearable electronic jewelry, audio processors, a reflex tester, and a combination lock Build an autonomous robot cart that can sense its environment and avoid obstacles Get clear, easy-to-understand explanations of what you're doing and why
This third edition includes more real-world examples and a glossary of formulae. It contains new coverage of:MicrocontrollersFPGAsClasses of componentsMemory (RAM, ROM, etc.)Surface mountHigh speed designBoard layoutAdvanced digital electronics (e.g. processors)Transistor circuits and circuit designOp-amp and logic circuitsUse of test equipmentGives readers a simple explanation of complex concepts, in terms they can understand and relate to everyday life. Updated content throughout and new material on the latest technological advances.Provides readers with an invaluable set of tools and references that they can use in their everyday work.
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1. Introduction to Electronics Engineering
9. Ohm’s and Kirchhoff's Laws
10. Series and Parallel Circuits
11. Logic Gates
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Welcome to the world of shoes that can dynamically shift your height, jackets that display when the next bus is coming, and neckties that can nudge your business partner from across the room. Whether it be for fashion, function, or human connectedness, wearable electronics can be used to design interactive systems that are intimate and engaging.
Make: Wearable Electronics is intended for those with an interest in physical computing who are looking to create interfaces or systems that live on the body. Perfect for makers new to wearable tech, this book introduces you to the tools, materials, and techniques for creating interactive electronic circuits and embedding them in clothing and other things you can wear.
Each chapter features experiments to get you comfortable with the technology and then invites you to build upon that knowledge with your own projects. Fully illustrated with step-by-step instructions and images of amazing creations made by artists and professional designers, this book offers a concrete understanding of electronic circuits and how you can use them to bring your wearable projects from concept to prototype.
--Hans Camenzind, inventor of the 555 timer (the world's most successful integrated circuit), and author of Much Ado About Almost Nothing: Man's Encounter with the Electron (Booklocker.com)
"A fabulous book: well written, well paced, fun, and informative. I also love the sense of humor. It's very good at disarming the fear. And it's gorgeous. I'll be recommending this book highly."
--Tom Igoe, author of Physical Computing and Making Things Talk
A "magnificent and rewarding book. ... Every step of this structured instruction is expertly illustrated with photos and crisp diagrams. . . . This really is the best way to learn."
--Kevin Kelly, in Cool Tools
The first edition of Make: Electronics established a new benchmark for introductory texts. This second edition enhances that learning experience.
Here you will find unique, photographically precise diagrams of breadboarded components, to help you build circuits with speed and precision. A new shopping guide and a simplified range of components, will minimize your investment in parts for the projects. A completely new section on the Arduino shows you how to write properly structured programs instead of just downloading other people's code. Projects have been reworked to provide additional features, and the book has been restructured to offer a step-by-step learning process that is as clear and visually pleasing on handheld devices as it is on paper. Full color is used throughout.
As before, Make: Electronics begins with the basics. You'll see for yourself how components work--and what happens when they don't. You'll short out a battery and overheat an LED. You'll also open up a potentiometer and a relay to see what's inside. No other book gives you such an opportunity to learn from real-life experiences.
Ultimately, you will build gadgets that have lasting value, and you'll have a complete understanding of how they work. From capacitors to transistors to microcontrollers--it's all here.
Hans Camenzind, inventor of the 555 Timer (the world's most successful integrated circuit chip), said that "This is teaching at its best!" when he reviewed the first edition. Now the second edition offers even more!
Stay Current with the Latest Technologies
In addition to updates to nearly every existing chapter, this edition features five entirely new contributions on...
Silicon-on-insulator (SOI) materials and devices
Supercritical CO2 in semiconductor cleaning
Damascene copper electroplating
Effects of terrestrial radiation on integrated circuits (ICs)
Reflecting rapid progress in many areas, several chapters were heavily revised and updated, and in some cases, rewritten to reflect rapid advances in such areas as interconnect technologies, gate dielectrics, photomask fabrication, IC packaging, and 300 mm wafer fabrication.
While no book can be up-to-the-minute with the advances in the semiconductor field, the Handbook of Semiconductor Manufacturing Technology keeps the most important data, methods, tools, and techniques close at hand.
See Additional Notes at the back of the book for instructions to download the accompanying interactive App which brings the 250+ topics to life by allowing you to insert your own values. Visually on a phone or tablet it looks almost identical to the eBook pages, except you can edit the inputs to update the graphics and calculations to reflect those changes.
There is also a comprehensive PC version to download with even more features both applications can be unlocked with your eBook purchase receipt for no additional charge.
Education Bundle: eBook + PC software + App at a tiny fraction of the previously published price.
*Hand-picked content selected by analog design legend Robert Pease
*Proven best design practices for op amps, feedback loops, and all types of filters
*Case histories and design examples get you off and running on your current project
Although integrated circuits have widespread application, the role of discrete transistors both as important building blocks which students must understand, and as practical solutions to design problems, remains undiminished.
The ninth edition has been thoroughly updated to cover the latest technology and applications, including computer circuit simulation, and many diagrams have been revised to bring them in line with current usage. Updated topics include thyristors, Darlington transistors, amplifiers, ring modulators, power supplies, optoelectronics and logic circuits.The transistor circuits bibleUpdated with new developments in technology and applicationsAccessible step-by-step introduction ideal for noviceS
Filling the gap between a beginner’s primer and a formal textbook, Practical Electronics explores aspects of electronic components, techniques, and tools that you would typically learn on the job and from years of experience. Even if you’ve worked with electronics or have a background in electronics theory, you’re bound to find important information that you may not have encountered before.
Among the book’s many topics, you’ll discover how to:Read and understand the datasheet for an electronic componentUse uncommon but inexpensive tools to achieve more professional-looking resultsSelect the appropriate analog and digital ICs for your projectSelect and assemble various types of connectorsDo basic reverse engineering on a device in order to modify (hack) itUse open source tools for schematic capture and PCB layoutMake smart choices when buying new or used test equipment
The book describes a parametric sweep, which involves sweeping a parameter through a range of values, along with the use of Stimulus Editor to define transient analog and digital sources. It also examines the failure of simulations due to circuit errors and missing or incorrect parameters, and discusses the use of Monte Carlo analysis to estimate the response of a circuit when device model parameters are randomly varied between specified tolerance limits according to a specified statistical distribution. Other chapters focus on the use of worst-case analysis to identify the most critical components that will affect circuit performance, how to add and create PSpice models, and how the frequency-related signal and dispersion losses of transmission lines affect the signal integrity of high-speed signals via the transmission lines.
Practitioners, researchers, and those interested in using the Cadence/OrCAD professional simulation software to design and analyze electronic circuits will find the information, methods, compounds, and experiments described in this book extremely useful.Provides both a comprehensive user guide, and a detailed overview of simulationEach chapter has worked and ready to try sample designs and provides a wide range of to-do exercisesCore skills are developed using a running case study circuitCovers Capture and PSpice together for the first time
digital phase-locked loops
frequency-to-voltage and voltage-to-frequency converters
light wave communicators
magnetic field sensors
pseudorandom number generators
and much, much, more!
• B.Sc. (Computer Science)
• B.Sc. (Electronics)
• B.Sc. (Information Technology)
• B.Sc. (Physics)
• Bachelor of Computer Applications (BCA)
• Postgraduate Diploma in Computer Applications
• Master of Computer Applications (MCA)
The book emphasizes the must know concepts that should be covered in an introductory course and provides an abundance of clearly explained examples, so essential for a thorough understanding of the principles involved in the analysis and design of digital computers. The book takes students step-by-step through digital theory, focusing on:
» Number representation systems and codes for representing information in digital systems
» Use of logic gates in building digital circuits
» Basic postulates and theorems of Boolean algebra
» Karnaugh map method for simplifying Boolean functions
» Arithmetic circuits such as adders and subtractors
» Combinational circuit building blocks such as multiplexers, decoders and encoders
» Sequential circuit building blocks such as flip-flops, counters and registers
» Operation of memory elements such as RAM, DRAM, magnetic disk, magnetic bubble, optical disk, etc.
1. Number Systems and Codes
2. Logic Gates and Circuits
3. Boolean Algebra
4. Combinational Logic Circuits
5. Sequential Logic Circuits
6. Counters and Shift Registers
7. MEMORY ELEMENTS
"Henry Ott has literally 'written the book' on the subject of EMC. . . . He not only knows the subject, but has the rare ability to communicate that knowledge to others."
Electromagnetic Compatibility Engineering is a completely revised, expanded, and updated version of Henry Ott's popular book Noise Reduction Techniques in Electronic Systems. It reflects the most recent developments in the field of electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) and noise reduction¿and their practical applications to the design of analog and digital circuits in computer, home entertainment, medical, telecom, industrial process control, and automotive equipment, as well as military and aerospace systems.
While maintaining and updating the core information—such as cabling, grounding, filtering, shielding, digital circuit grounding and layout, and ESD—that made the previous book such a wide success, this new book includes additional coverage of:
Switching power supplies and variable-speed motor drives
Digital circuit power distribution and decoupling
PCB layout and stack-up
Mixed-signal PCB layout
RF and transient immunity
Power line disturbances
Precompliance EMC measurements
New appendices on dipole antennae, the theory of partial inductance, and the ten most common EMC problems
The concepts presented are applicable to analog and digital circuits operating from below audio frequencies to those in the GHz range. Throughout the book, an emphasis is placed on cost-effective EMC designs, with the amount and complexity of mathematics kept to the strictest minimum.
Complemented with over 250 problems with answers, Electromagnetic Compatibility Engineering equips readers with the knowledge needed to design electronic equipment that is compatible with the electromagnetic environment and compliant with national and international EMC regulations. It is an essential resource for practicing engineers who face EMC and regulatory compliance issues and an ideal textbook for EE courses at the advanced undergraduate and graduate levels.
The PICAXE is a powerful and easy-to-use processor, capable of highly sophisticated projects, without the complexities and high costs of alternative chips. Beginners can produce tangible results within minutes, and experienced users can achieve truly professional results. Programming and Customizing the PICAXE Microcontroller, Second Edition, has been fully updated for the latest hardware and software upgrades, and shows you, step by step, how to take full advantage of all the capabilities of the PICAXE and build your own control projects.
This practical guide is packed with helpful illustrations, detailed examples, and do-it-yourself experiments. Perfect for beginners and students, the book also contains advanced information for more experienced programmers, hobbyists, manufacturers, and research institutions.
Programming and Customizing the PICAXE Microcontroller, Second Edition, covers:PICAXE architecture The latest chips, including M2, M, X, XI, and X2 series Windows, Mac, and UNIX platforms Interfacing and input/output techniques BASIC programming and compilers PICAXE arithmetic and data conversion Dozens of ready-to-run projects Useful routines to plug into your own designs
Hands-on projects include:LED and LCO display control Motor control Water detector Bipolar transistor output driver Interfacing MOSFETs to a PICAXE Radio-control servo motor Infrared wireless links Telephone intercom Dual-temperature display Radio frequency identification (RFID) reader display Memory and I/O expansion Real-time clock/calendar Data logger Robotic components Many more
Taking an application-oriented approach, the authors illustrate how material characteristics, tribological behavior, and loading impact the degradation of contacts, formation of intermetallics, and overall reliability and performance. Coverage is divided broadly into three sections, with the first focused on mechanics, tribology, materials, current and heat transfer, and basic reliability issues of electrical contacts. The next section explores applications, such as power connections, electronic connections, and sliding contacts, while the final section presents the diagnostic and monitoring techniques used to investigate and measure phenomena occurring at electrical contact interfaces. Numerous references to current literature reflect the fact that this book is the most comprehensive survey in the field.
Explore an impressive collection of data, theory, and practical applications in Electrical Contacts: Fundamentals, Applications, and Technology, a critical tool for anyone investigating or designing electrical equipment with improved performance and reliability in mind.
Organized into subareas to provide a more intuitive flow to the reader, this second edition adds more than a hundred pages of new content, including inductance models for interdigitated structures, design strategies for multi-layer power grids, advanced methods for efficient power grid design and analysis, and methodologies for simultaneously placing on-chip multiple power supplies and decoupling capacitors. The emphasis of this additional material is on managing the complexity of on-chip power distribution networks.
—Chris Evans, from the Foreword
“By turns funny, scary, and intriguing, The Car Hacker's Handbook is a practical guide for tinkerers and a fantastic overview for people who want to know what's going on when they strap themselves into a multi-ton, high-speed computer.”
—Cory Doctorow, Boing Boing
“The Car Hacker’s Handbook describes, in meticulous detail, how your car’s components talk both to one another and to diagnosticians—outlining all the ways good and bad guys can modify or attack the systems.”
—The Wall Street Journal
Modern cars are more computerized than ever. Infotainment and navigation systems, Wi-Fi, automatic software updates, and other innovations aim to make driving more convenient. But vehicle technologies haven’t kept pace with today’s more hostile security environment, leaving millions vulnerable to attack.
The Car Hacker’s Handbook will give you a deeper understanding of the computer systems and embedded software in modern vehicles. It begins by examining vulnerabilities and providing detailed explanations of communications over the CAN bus and between devices and systems.
Then, once you have an understanding of a vehicle’s communication network, you’ll learn how to intercept data and perform specific hacks to track vehicles, unlock doors, glitch engines, flood communication, and more. With a focus on low-cost, open source hacking tools such as Metasploit, Wireshark, Kayak, can-utils, and ChipWhisperer, The Car Hacker’s Handbook will show you how to:
-Build an accurate threat model for your vehicle
-Reverse engineer the CAN bus to fake engine signals
-Exploit vulnerabilities in diagnostic and data-logging systems
-Hack the ECU and other firmware and embedded systems
-Feed exploits through infotainment and vehicle-to-vehicle communication systems
-Override factory settings with performance-tuning techniques
-Build physical and virtual test benches to try out exploits safely
If you’re curious about automotive security and have the urge to hack a two-ton computer, makeThe Car Hacker’s Handbook your first stop.
The main thrust of the material is analog circuitry, focusing on fundamental principles of transistors, integrated circuit and vacuum tube-based amplifier operation and theory, and operation of typical guitar signal processing effects circuits. Updated to the new edition include:
• New coverage of tone control circuits, MOSFETS and their applications as small-signal amplifiers, rail splitters and charge pumps, amplifiers using germanium transistors, and tube power amp design
• Expanded coverage of numerous subjects such as vacuum tube power supplies, the digital oscilloscope, Darlington and Sziklai transistors, and signal spectra and transfer function symmetry
• Additional examples of various circuits such as overdrive, distortion, chorus, delay, tremolo and auto-wah circuits as well as amplifier design
Electronics for Guitarists is ideal for the musician or engineer interested in analog signal processing. The material is also useful to general electronics hobbyists, technologists and engineers with an interest in guitar and music-related electronics applications.
Electronics: Circuits, Amplifiers and Gates, Second Edition offers a complete introduction to the fundamentals of AC and DC circuits along with complex numbers, bandwidth, and operational amplifiers. It includes a description of the working principles of transistors, outlining doping and the operation of the diode, bipolar transistor, and field effect transistor. The book also features a section on digital logic and concludes with more advanced chapters describing resonance and transients and their relation through Fourier analysis.
Updated to reflect advances in the field over the past decade, Electronics: Circuits, Amplifiers and Gates, Second Edition is fully illustrated throughout with numerous worked examples and sample problems.
Additional highlights include:
- Fundamental information on communications, signal and system theories
- Coverage of superheterodyne, direct-conversion, low-IF, and band-pass sampling radio architectures
- Frequency planning, system link budgeting, and performance evaluation of transmitters and receivers
- Nonlinearity effect analyses involving intermodulation, interferer blocking, spectrum regrowth and modulation
- Approaches for specifying RF ASICs on which mobile systems are built
- AGC systems, ADC dynamic range consideration and power management are addressed
- In-depth treatment of both theoretical and practical aspects of mobile station RF system design
This comprehensive reference work covers a wide range of topics from general principles of communication theory, as it applies to digital radio designs to specific examples on implementing multimode mobile systems. Wireless engineering professionals will definitely find this an invaluable reference book.
High Voltage Circuit Breakers: Design and Applications features new material on contact resistance, insulating film coatings, and fretting; temperature at the point of contact; short-time heating of copper; erosion and electromagnetic forces on contacts; closing speed and circuit breaker requirements; "weld" break and contact bounce; factors influencing dielectric strength; air, SF6, vacuum, and solid insulation; and dielectric loss and partial discharges, and includes updated chapters on capacitance switching; switching series and shunt reactors; temporary overvoltages; and the benefits of condition monitoring.
Electricity Experiments You Can Do At Home is a hands-on guide that helps you master the principles of electrical currents and magnetism. Each of the book's three sections--direct current, alternating current, and magnetism--begins with step-by-step instructions for setting up your lab for the experiments that follow. Using inexpensive, easy-to-find parts, the experiments progress from basic to more complex and will spark ideas and encourage inventiveness. Expect unexpected results when you experiment with:Diode-based voltage reducer Compass-based galvanometer Photovoltaic illuminometer Utility bulb saver Ripple filter Xener-diode voltage regulator AC spectrum monitor Ampere's law with wire loop AC electromagnet Handheld wind turbine And dozens more projects
ELECTRICITY EXPERIMENTS YOU CAN DO AT HOME helps you to:Solve circuit problems in electricity Build practical and interesting electrical and magnetic devices Get ideas for science-fair projects Prepare for advanced courses in electricity and electronics Learn the basics of laboratory practice
What’s New in This EditionThree new chapters on electromagnetic fields in transformers, transformer-system interactions and modeling, and monitoring and diagnostics An extensively revised chapter on recent trends in transformer technology An extensively updated chapter on short-circuit strength, including failure mechanisms and safety factors A step-by-step procedure for designing a transformer Updates throughout, reflecting advances in the field
A blend of theory and practice, this comprehensive book examines aspects of transformer engineering, from design to diagnostics. It thoroughly explains electromagnetic fields and the finite element method to help you solve practical problems related to transformers. Coverage includes important design challenges, such as eddy and stray loss evaluation and control, transient response, short-circuit withstand and strength, and insulation design. The authors also give pointers for further research. Students and engineers starting their careers will appreciate the sample design of a typical power transformer.
Presenting in-depth explanations, modern computational techniques, and emerging trends, this is a valuable reference for those working in the transformer industry, as well as for students and researchers. It offers guidance in optimizing and enhancing transformer design, manufacturing, and condition monitoring to meet the challenges of a highly competitive market.
Improved features of this new edition include: A new chapter on input filters, showing how to design single and multiple section filters; Major revisions of material on averaged switch modeling, low-harmonic rectifiers, and the chapter on AC modeling of the discontinuous conduction mode; New material on soft switching, active-clamp snubbers, zero-voltage transition full-bridge converter, and auxiliary resonant commutated pole. Also, new sections on design of multiple-winding magnetic and resonant inverter design; Additional appendices on Computer Simulation of Converters using averaged switch modeling, and Middlebrook's Extra Element Theorem, including four tutorial examples; and Expanded treatment of current programmed control with complete results for basic converters, and much more. This edition includes many new examples, illustrations, and exercises to guide students and professionals through the intricacies of power electronics design.
Fundamentals of Power Electronics, Second Edition, is intended for use in introductory power electronics courses and related fields for both senior undergraduates and first-year graduate students interested in converter circuits and electronics, control systems, and magnetic and power systems. It will also be an invaluable reference for professionals working in power electronics, power conversion, and analog and digital electronics.
With 25 years of experience in designing computing equipment, the author stresses the practical design of state machines. He clearly delineates each step of the structured and rigorous design principles that can be applied to practical applications. The book begins by reviewing the analysis of combinatorial logic and Boolean algebra, and goes on to define sequential machines and discuss traditional and alternative methods for synthesizing synchronous sequential machines. The final chapters deal with asynchronous sequential machines and pulse-mode asynchronous sequential machines. Because this volume is technology-independent, these techniques can be used in a variety of fields, such as electrical and computer engineering as well as nanotechnology.
By presenting each method in detail, expounding on several corresponding examples, and providing over 500 useful figures, Sequential Logic is an excellent tutorial on analysis and synthesis procedures.
Current Interruption Transients Calculationis a comprehensive resource for the understanding, calculation and analysis of the transient recovery voltages (TRVs) and related re-ignition or re-striking transients associated with fault current interruption and the switching of inductive and capacitive load currents in circuits.
This book provides an original, detailed and practical description of current interruption transients, origins, and the circuits involved, and how they can be calculated and then analysed using only a hand calculator and a spreadsheet program.
Key features:Detailed theory on all of the current interruption cases that can occur on a power system. Clear explanation on how to calculate transients, showing how four basic circuits can represent all transients and can be solved in general without any use of the ‘classical’ Laplace transform method. Series and parallel RLC circuit theory, followed by the calculation of pole factors using the symmetrical component method to derive the base power frequency components, with results applied to all the relevant transient cases. Fault current interruption and inductive and capacitive load current switching cases illustrated using real application examples.
With its practical approach, this book offers engineers the tools they need when analysing circuit breaker applications. It will be of great interest to practicing engineers and electric utility staff involved in circuit breaker design, specification, testing, switchgear application, system operation and planning, and in particular, for engineers using simulation programs for transient calculations. It will also be useful for senior undergraduate and postgraduate electrical power engineering students looking to work in switchgear manufacturers and testing laboratories.
Fluid Power Circuits and Controls: Fundamentals and Applications encourages students to think of the collection of components as a system. The author illustrates each concept with a circuit diagram, and as each component is discussed, immediately places it in a circuit and analyzes its performance. This approach allows students to immediately apply what they have learned and encourages them to think about how the component operating characteristics interact with the rest of the circuit.
Covering all aspects of the industry, this book:
Develops the basic concept for power delivery with fluids
Reviews basic concepts of fluid mechanics and discusses the key properties of the fluids
Discusses the creation and control of flow and the various methods used to control pressure in a circuit
Provides a detailed example of the classic problem of hydrostatic transmission design
Presents characteristics of auxiliary components and applicable SAE standards
Addresses pneumatics, focusing on the difference in power transmission for liquid and gas
Discusses servo valves and proportional valves without requiring a background in automatic controls
The text is richly illustrated, filled with fully worked example problems, and reinforced with exercises in each chapter. Fluid Power Circuits and Controls offers valuable design experience and the background its readers need to approach real-world fluid power problems with confidence.
Two offset compensation techniques are described: auto-zeroing and chopping. Several topologies are discussed, with which these techniques can be used in the design of wide-band dynamic offset-compensated amplifiers. Four implementations are discussed in detail: two low-offset wide-band operational amplifiers, a low-offset instrumentation amplifier, and a low-offset current-sense amplifier, which can sense the current drawn from supply voltages up to 28V .
Electrotechnical Systems: Calculation and Analysis with Mathematica and PSpice explores the potential of two such programs—Mathematica and ORCAD (PSpice)—as they are used for analysis in various areas. The authors discuss the formulation of problems and the steps in their solution. They focus on the analysis of transient, steady-state processes and their stability in non-stationary and nonlinear systems with DC and AC converters. All problems are solved using Mathematica, and program codes are presented. The authors use ORCAD (PSpice) to compare the results obtained by employing Mathematica and to demonstrate the peculiarities associated with its use.
This book clearly and concisely illustrates represented expressions, variables, and functions and the general application of the mathematical pocket Mathematica 4.2 for the analysis of the electromagnetic processes in electrotechnical systems. It will be a valuable addition to the library of anyone working with electrotechnical systems.
The author first described a microcontroller-based implementation of a PLC in a series of articles published in Electronics World magazine between 2008 and 2010. This book is based on an improved version of the project, including:Updates to the hardware configuration, with a smaller CPU board and two I/O extension boards that now support 16 inputs and 16 outputs instead of 8 An increased clock frequency of 20 MHz Improvements to several macros Flowcharts to help you understand the macros (functions)
In this book, the author provides detailed explanations of hardware and software structures. He also describes PIC Assembly macros for all basic PLC functions, which are illustrated with numerous examples and flowcharts. An accompanying CD contains source files (.ASM) and object files (.HEX) for all of the examples in the book. It also supplies printed circuit board (PCB) (Gerber and .pdf) files so that you can have the CPU board and I/O extension boards produced by a PCB manufacturer or produce your own boards.
Making PLCs more easily accessible, this unique book is written for advanced students, practicing engineers, and hobbyists who want to learn how to build their own microcontroller-based PLC. It assumes some previous knowledge of digital logic design, microcontrollers, and PLCs, as well as familiarity with the PIC16F series of microcontrollers and writing programs using PIC Assembly language within an MPLAB integrated development environment.
Circuit Simulation gives a clear description of the numerical techniques and algorithms that are part of modern circuit simulators, with a focus on the most commonly used simulation modes: DC analysis and transient analysis. Tested in a graduate course on circuit simulation at the University of Toronto, this unique text provides the reader with sufficient detail and mathematical rigor to write his/her own basic circuit simulator. There is detailed coverage throughout of the mathematical and numerical techniques that are the basis for the various simulation topics, which facilitates a complete understanding of practical simulation techniques. In addition, Circuit Simulation:
Explores a number of modern techniques from numerical analysis that are not synthesized anywhere else
Covers network equation formulation in detail, with an emphasis on modified nodal analysis
Gives a comprehensive treatment of the most relevant aspects of linear and nonlinear system solution techniques
States all theorems without proof in order to maintain the focus on the end-goal of providing coverage of practical simulation methods
Provides ample references for further study
Enables newcomers to circuit simulation to understand the material in a concrete and holistic manner
With problem sets and computer projects at the end of every chapter, Circuit Simulation is ideally suited for a graduate course on this topic. It is also a practical reference for design engineers and computer-aided design practitioners, as well as researchers and developers in both industry and academia.
Passive, Active, and Digital Filters provides an introduction to the characteristics of analog filters and a review of the design process and the tasks that need to be undertaken to translate a set of filter specifications into a working prototype. Highlights include discussions of the passive cascade synthesis and the synthesis of LCM and RC one-port networks; a summary of two-port synthesis by ladder development; a comparison of the cascade approach, the multiple-loop feedback topology, and ladder simulations; an examination of four types of finite wordlength effects; and coverage of methods for designing two-dimensional finite-extent impulse response (FIR) discrete-time filters. The book includes coverage of the basic building blocks involved in low- and high-order filters, limitations and practical design considerations, and a brief discussion of low-voltage circuit design.
Sensitivity and Selectivity
VLSI Implementation of Digital Filters
Two-Dimensional FIR Filters
1-D Multirate Filter Banks
Directional Filter Banks
Nonlinear Filtering Using Statistical Signal Models
Nonlinear Filtering for Image Denoising
Video Demosaicking Filters
This volume will undoubtedly take its place as the engineer's first choice in looking for solutions to problems encountered when designing filters.
Sigma-delta is a frequency synthesis technique that has risen in popularity over the past decade due to its intensely digital nature and its ability to promote miniaturization. A continuation of the popular Frequency Synthesis by Phase Lock, Second Edition, this timely resource provides a broad introduction to sigma-delta by pairing practical simulation results with cutting-edge research. Advanced Frequency Synthesis by Phase Lock discusses both sigma-delta and fractional-n—the still-in-use forerunner to sigma-delta—employing Simulink® models and detailed simulations of results to promote a deeper understanding.
After a brief introduction, the book shows how spurs are produced at the synthesizer output by the basic process and different methods for overcoming them. It investigates how various defects in sigma-delta synthesis contribute to spurs or noise in the synthesized signal. Synthesizer configurations are analyzed, and it is revealed how to trade off the various noise sources by choosing loop parameters. Other sigma-delta synthesis architectures are then reviewed.
The Simulink simulation models that provided data for the preceding discussions are described, providing guidance in making use of such models for further exploration. Next, another method for achieving wide loop bandwidth simultaneously with fine resolution—the Diophantine Frequency Synthesizer—is introduced. Operation at extreme bandwidths is also covered, further describing the analysis of synthesizers that push their bandwidths close to the sampling-frequency limit. Lastly, the book reviews a newly important technology that is poised to become widely used in high-production consumer electronics—all-digital frequency synthesis.
Detailed appendices provide in-depth discussion on various stages of development, and many related resources are available for download, including Simulink models, MATLAB® scripts, spreadsheets, and executable programs. All these features make this authoritative reference ideal for electrical engineers who want to achieve an understanding of sigma-delta frequency synthesis and an awareness of the latest developments in the field.
Here's the fun and easy way to start building circuits for your projects
Have you ever wanted to build your own electronic device? Put together a thermostat or an in-line fuse, or repair a microphone cable? This is the book for you! Inside you'll find the tools and techniques you need to build circuits, with illustrated, step-by-step directions to help accomplish tasks and complete projects.
As you accomplish the tasks throughout the book, you'll construct many projects while learning the key circuitbuilding principles and techniques. Find out about measuring and testing, maintenance and troubleshooting, cables, connectors, how to test your stuff, and more.
Stuff You Need to Know
The tools you need and how to use them
How to make sense of schematics and printed circuit boards
Basic techniques for creating any circuit
How to make and repair cables and connectors
Testing and maintenance procedures
This Handbook offers design engineers and managers immediately useful, meat-and-potatoes techniques for achieving design validation by analysis in an easy-to-read style. The book contains numerous useful and interesting
tips for electronics circuit designers. Examples of rectifier circuits, power supplies, digital timing, thermal analysis, grounding and layout, and EMI/noise control are examined in detail with fully worked-out numerical examples.
If you need to create reliable, cost-effective, optimized designs, The Design Analysis Handbook provides a practical framework for integrating quality into the design process from start to finish. The methodology used is called Worst Case Analysis Plus (WCA+), a design-validation tool that demands thoroughness and analytical thinking by the user.
A guide to assessing and validating circuit design, The Design Analysis Handbook presents processes and mathematical tools in a straightforward, real-world manner. Unique features of the approach include chapters on safety, bad science, and surviving high-pressure design projects.
N. Edward Walker is the president of Design/Analysis Consultants, Inc., based in Tampa, Florida. The Handbook is based on DACI's extensive experience in the design and analysis of highly-reliable electronic systems.
Straightforward guide to practical design validation
Shows how to avoid design hazards
Provides framework for integrating quality with the design process
Including classic amps with valves at their heart and exciting new designs using the latest components, this book is the complete world guide to audio amp design.
John Linsley Hood is responsible for numerous amplifier designs that have led the way to better sound, and has also kept up a commentary on developments in audio in magazines such as The Gramophone, Electronics in Action and Electronics and Wireless World. He is also the author of The Art of Linear Electronics and Audio Electronics published by Newnes.Complete world guide to audio amp design written by world famous authorCovers classic amps to new designs using latest componentsIncludes the best of valves as well as best of transistors
The book is a clearly written practical guide on how to design and complete a range of electrical installation projects in a competitive manner, while ensuring full compliance with the new Wiring Regulations (updated late 2008). The updated regulations introduced changes in terminology, such as ‘basic’ and ‘fault protection’, and also changed the regulation numbers. This new edition reflects these changes. It discusses new sections covering domestic, commercial, industrial and agricultural projects, including material on marinas, caravan sites, and small scale floodlighting. This book provides guidance on certification and test methods, with full attention given to electrical safety requirements. Other brand new sections cover protective measures, additional protection by means of RCDs, the new cable guidelines for thin wall partitions and Part P of the Building Regulations.Provides simple, practical guidance on how to design electrical installation projects, including worked examples and case studies Covers new cable guidelines and Part P of the Building Regulations (Electrical Installations) in line with 17th edition of the Wiring Regulations BS 7671:2008 New chapters on protective measures and additional protection by means of RCDs (residual current devices) Features new wiring projects such as marinas, caravan sites and small scale floodlighting and street lighting Fully illustrated, including illustrations new to the fourth edition
"If you want to be reminded of the joy of electronics, take a look at Clive (Max) Maxfield's book Bebop to the Boolean Boogie." --Computer Design
"Lives up to its title as a useful and entertaining technical guide....well-suited for students, technical writers, technicians, and sales and marketing people." --Electronic Design
"Writing a book like this one takes audacity! ... Maxfield writes lucidly on a variety of complex topics without 'writing down' to his audience." --EDN
"A highly readable, well-illustrated guided tour through basic electronics." -Science Books & Films
"Extremely readable and easy to understand, you'll wonder how people learned about this stuff before this book came along." --New Book Bulletin, Computer Literacy Bookshops
* The difference between the analog and digital worlds.
* What logic gates are and how to make them from transistors.
Combining leading research from both academia and industry onto a single platform, Energy Harvesting Technologies serves as an important reference for researchers and engineers involved with power sources, sensor networks and smart materials.