Agenda Setting and Political Attention brings together essays on eleven countries and two broad themes. Contributors to the first section analyze the extent to which party and electoral changes and shifts in the partisan composition of government have led—or not led—to policy changes in the United States, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Denmark, Switzerland, and France. The second section turns the focus on changing institutional structures in Germany, Italy, Belgium, Spain, and Canada, including the German reunification and the collapse of the Italian party system. Together, the essays make clear the efficacy of the agenda-setting approach for understanding not only how policies evolve, but also how political systems function.
Attention is a crucial variable in understanding modern politics. Shifts in attention have dramatic consequences for both politics and policy decisions.
This volume includes case studies of nine different political systems including the US, Canada, several European systems, and the EU itself. It asks the following questions:
Which are the dynamics of agenda-setting in the EU? Which role do political parties play in attention allocation? What are the cross national differences in attention to health care? What role does science and expertise play in attention-allocation? What are the effects of political institutions?
Comparative Studies of Policy Agendas will be of interest to students and scholars of policy analysis and public policy.
Welcome to the exciting world of Customs! Customs Broker is a licensed profession. Passing the Customs Broker Examination is a prerequisite for individual’s Customs Broker license. Passing is not easy, and many exam takers do not pass. The primary challenge lies not in the difficulty of questions themselves, but in the amount of time customs examiners allocate to examinees. My interaction with students with little or no customs experience shows that everyone is able to understand some of the most difficult questions. This means it is not the difficulty of questions, but rather the amount of time provided, which leads many not to pass. The problem, therefore, lies in time management! Fortunately, this can be corrected. But such correction requires dedication and practice. Many questions you will see on exam are similar to those questions asked in previous exams. Some are even identical. Examinee who sees a familiar question on the exam is likely to spend less time to answering it. This means more time being left to answer more difficult and less familiar questions, resulting in a greater likelihood of success.
Exercise Book is designed to do just that: to help examinees pass the Customs Broker Exam. The approach is very simple. We take the very questions that examiners have asked before, and provide rationale for their answers. The rationale - or reasoning - cause examinees to revisit topics tested while providing the structure and organization. The structure helps to build a framework that can be applied to variety of questions. During the exam, even if examinee does not recall the structure, the familiarity with the question would help. Exercise Book consists of: Table of Contents; Table of Questions; Table of Topics; Approach to Answering Questions; Practice Exam Questions; and Practice Exam Answers. Exercise Book is supplemented with video discussions and supplemental reading on the internet, through Web Supplements at LawCustoms.com/eb.
Scholars have argued for years that this common view of the depraved ruin of our civil legal system is a myth, but their research and statistics rarely make the news. William Haltom and Michael McCann here persuasively show how popularized distorted understandings of tort litigation (or tort tales) have been perpetuated by the mass media and reform proponents. Distorting the Law lays bare how media coverage has sensationalized lawsuits and sympathetically portrayed corporate interests, supporting big business and reinforcing negative stereotypes of law practices.
Based on extensive interviews, nearly two decades of newspaper coverage, and in-depth studies of the McDonald's coffee case and tobacco litigation, Distorting the Law offers a compelling analysis of the presumed litigation crisis, the campaign for tort law reform, and the crucial role the media play in this process.
The fundamental legal principles presented will serve as an excellent foundation for proper decision making and protocol in a fire service organization. The real-life case studies and relevant examples taken from today’s headlines are valuable tools in the study of fire and EMS law. End-of-chapter review questions correspond to the case studies, and Expand Your Learning exercises are included for student and group assignments.
Readers of this authoritative guide can stay abreast of the latest court decisions affecting fire department operations by accessing the author’s Fire, EMS, & Safety Law Newsletter website.
Combining Nolo's legal expertise and plain-English writing, Prenuptial Agreements makes a potentially touchy subject easy to deal with while explaining how to create a valid contract. This easy-to-use book covers:
whether a prenup is right for your relationship how to decide what a prenup should include how to deal with special situations, such as one spouse’s debts, business ownership, or kids from a previous marriage how to assemble a draft agreement how to turn your draft into a contract tips on negotiating and communicating
This edition of Prenuptial Agreements is completely revised and updated to reflect current state laws, plus worksheets and clauses for preparing an agreement that suits your unique needs.
This book also guides examinees to other study material that explores background and reasoning behind questions in more detail. Other study materials include Textbook and Exercise Book. More information about these study companions is available at their dedicated webpages.Applicable Labels Include:
DIFFICULT LOGIC: Denotes question where logical parallels between question and answer provided by customs examiners are difficult to establish.
DISCUSSED IN EXERCISE BOOK: Denotes question that is addressed in the Exercise Book, which offers logical explanations (reasoning) as to why the particular answer choice is correct.
ASSIGNED IN TEXTBOOK: Denotes that the question has been discussed in the Textbook. The question is usually assigned in the Web Supplement portion of the Textbook’s relevant chapter. The question can also form a part of Textbook’s substantive discussion.
INCORRECT CITATION: Denotes error in citation (usually to law or regulation) provided by customs examiners in the answer key for a given question. May also denote error in the answer choice, where legal citation was correct.
MULTIPLE ANSWER QUESTION: Denotes the question with more than one correct answer choice. This label also pertains to questions that received credit(s) for all of the answers, unless these answer choices are contradictory (see REMOVED).
OUTDATED: Denotes question or answer choices that became outdated due to changes in law, facts, or Customs (CBP) practice. Classification questions where one or more of the HTSUS numbers in the answer choice are no longer valid are marked as outdated, notwithstanding the validity of other HTSUS numbers. This is done because many classification questions require inquiry into several HTSUS codes (e.g. General Rule of Interpretation 3 analysis), which cannot be effectively made with some of the HTSUS numbers being no longer valid. Additionally, process of elimination is difficult with outdated HTSUS numbers.
REMOVED: Denotes question that was removed from the initial examination. This label also applies to questions that are marked as “x” or “no correct answer” by customs examiners. If customs examiners grant credit for all answers, and answer choices are contradictory, then this label is applied also.
REPEATED QUESTION: Denotes question that appeared in previous examinations. The goal of this label is to alert prospective examinees that customs examiners place higher value on the question, implying its likelihood of re-appearance on the future exams.
Unlike previous accounts, Regulation and Public Interests takes agencies' decision-making rules rather than legislative incentives as a central determinant of regulatory outcomes. Drawing from both political science and law, Steven Croley argues that such rules, together with agencies' larger decision-making environments, enhance agency autonomy. Agency personnel inclined to undertake regulatory initiatives that generate large but diffuse benefits (while imposing smaller but more concentrated costs) can use decision-making rules to develop socially beneficial regulations even over the objections of Congress and influential interest groups. This book thus provides a qualified defense of regulatory government. Its illustrative case studies include the development of tobacco rulemaking by the Food and Drug Administration, ozone and particulate matter rules by the Environmental Protection Agency, the Forest Service's "roadless" policy for national forests, and regulatory initiatives by the Securities and Exchange Commission and the Federal Trade Commission.
For more than thirty years, Emanuel Law Outlines have been the most trusted name in law school outlines. Here s why:Developed by Steve Emanuel when he was a law school student at Harvard, Emanuel Law Outlines became popular with other law students and spawned an industry of reliable study aids. (Having passed the California bar as well, Steve Emanuel is now a member of the New York, Connecticut, Maryland, and Virginia bars.) Each Outline is valuable throughout the course and again at exam time. Outline chapters provide comprehensive coverage of the topics, cases, and black letter law covered in the course and major casebooks, written in a way you can easily understand. The Quiz Yourself Q&A in each chapter and the Essay Q&A at the end provide ample opportunity to test your knowledge throughout the semester. Exam Tips alert you to the issues that commonly pop up on exams and to the fact patterns commonly used to test those items. The Capsule Summary an excellent exam preparation tool provides a quick review of the key concepts covered in the course. The comprehensive coverage is more sweeping than most outlines. Each Emanuel Law Outline is correlated to the leading casebooks. Every title is frequently updated and reviewed against new developments and recent cases covered in the leading casebooks. Tight uniformity of writing style and approach means that if you use one of these guides, you can be confident that the others will be of similar quality.
With Is Administrative Law Unlawful?, Philip Hamburger answers this question in the affirmative, offering a revisionist account of administrative law. Rather than accepting it as a novel power necessitated by modern society, he locates its origins in the medieval and early modern English tradition of royal prerogative. Then he traces resistance to administrative law from the Middle Ages to the present. Medieval parliaments periodically tried to confine the Crown to governing through regular law, but the most effective response was the seventeenth-century development of English constitutional law, which concluded that the government could rule only through the law of the land and the courts, not through administrative edicts. Although the US Constitution pursued this conclusion even more vigorously, administrative power reemerged in the Progressive and New Deal Eras. Since then, Hamburger argues, administrative law has returned American government and society to precisely the sort of consolidated or absolute power that the US Constitution—and constitutions in general—were designed to prevent.
With a clear yet many-layered argument that draws on history, law, and legal thought, Is Administrative Law Unlawful? reveals administrative law to be not a benign, natural outgrowth of contemporary government but a pernicious—and profoundly unlawful—return to dangerous pre-constitutional absolutism.
The unique, time-tested Examples & Explanations series is invaluable to teach yourself the subject from the first day of class until your last review before the final. Each guide:helps you learn new material by working through chapters that explain each topic in simple languagechallenges your understanding with hypotheticals similar to those presented in classprovides valuable opportunity to study for the final by reviewing the hypotheticals as well as the structure and reasoning behind the corresponding analysisquickly gets to the point in conversational style laced with humorremains a favorite among law school studentsis often recommended by professors who encourage the use of study guidesworks with ALL the major casebooks, suits any class on a given topicprovides an alternative perspective to help you understand your casebook and in-class lectures
How did it come to pass that the “draining of the swamp” would become a core aim of the Trump administration, impacting everything from judicial appointments to the federal budget and regulatory policy? Marini’s unmasking of the administrative state goes beyond bureaucracy or legalism to its core in an intellectual elite whose consensus transcends whatever disagreements flare up. The universities, the media, and think-tanks that denounce Trump are its heart.
The answer to this question and many more lies in the underappreciated but revolutionary scholarship of Professor John Marini, collected in his new book, Unmasking the Administrative State, which tells the critical missed story of the last century of political history: The ascendance of the theory behind and resultant growth of an administrative state that has supplanted limited constitutional government with the tyranny of unbounded anticonstitutional bureaucracy.
Marini illustrates the existential threat of the administrative state to our republic, exposes the regressive philosophy from which it springs, and argues for the reassertion of the founding principles to restore self-government. The Trump administration may be the best chance to apply the lessons of Marini’s life’s work and seize this remarkable opportunity to restore power to its rightful owners: the American people.
Online or off, before you use some or all of a song, photo, book, or any other work covered by copyright law, you need to get permission first. If you don’t, you could end up facing legal action from the rights-holder.
This easy-to-use book shows you how to get the rights you need, with step-by-step instructions and more than 30 forms. Find out when permission is required, who to ask, and when (and how much) you can expect to pay. Getting Permission explains:
the copyright permission process the public domain (“free” content) how to figure out who owns a copyright website permissions the “fair use” rule school-related permissions license and merchandise agreements (including sample contracts and other forms) and much more.
The 6th edition is updated with summaries of recent copyright and fair use cases, as well as dozens of real-life questions from the Dear Rich permissions blog.
Downloadable forms available at nolo.com
In the three decades since President Truman secretly created the agency in 1952, the NSA has managed to elude publicity to an extraordinary degree. Now, in the first book ever written on the National Security Agency, James Bamford traces its origins, details its inner workings, and explores its farflung operations.
He describes the city of fifty thousand people and nearly twenty buildings that is the Fort Meade headquarters of the NSA—where there are close to a dozen underground acres of computers, where a significant part of the world’s communications are monitored, and where reports from a number of supersophisticated satellite eavesdropping systems are analyzed. He also gives a detailed account of NSA’s complex network of listening posts—both in the United States and throughout much of the rest of the world.
When a Soviet general picks up his car telephone to call headquarters, when a New York businessman wires his branch in London, when a Chinese trade official makes an overseas call, when the British Admiralty urgently wants to know the plans and movements of Argentina’s fleet in the South Atlantic—all of these messages become NSA targets. James Bamford’s illuminating book reveals how NSA’s mission of Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) has made the human espionage agent almost a romantic figure of the past.
Textbook breaks down archaic and hard to read laws into reader friendly format, with bold and italicized and underlined keywords and topics. Textbook does not cover every topic, but rather focuses on the most relevant ones. Prospective examinees are instructed to regularly review each subject in order to easily recall the appropriate regulation during the exam. To help exam takers succeed in passing the exam, Textbook comes with Web Supplements. Web Supplements bring to prospective examinees video lectures (which are based on the Textbook’s material), charts, exhibits, tables and flashcards designed to improve understanding of the tested topics. Concise text, charts, exhibits, tables, and flashcards alone are not enough to pass the examination. Goal of the Textbook is to equip you with necessary tools to successfully pass the U.S. Customs Broker License Examination. To that end, the Textbook integrates questions from previous exams by topics covered in individual chapters. .
We worked very hard to provide you with tools necessary to be successful. You, however, remain the ultimate guarantor of passing the U.S. Customs Broker Exam through hard work and dedicated studies.
In Embryo Politics, Thomas Banchoff provides a comprehensive overview of political struggles aboutembryo research during four decades in four countries—the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, and France. Banchoff's book, the first of its kind, demonstrates the impact of particular national histories and institutions on very different patterns of national governance. Over time, he argues, partisan debate and religious-secular polarization have come to overshadow ethical reflection and political deliberation on the moral status of the embryo and the promise of biomedical research. Only by recovering a robust and public ethical debate will we be able to govern revolutionary life-science technologies effectively and responsibly into the future.
Surprisingly concise, visually compelling, the Inside Series is extremely useful throughout the semester to help you identify the essential components of the law and how they fit together.Comprehensive coverage of the essential topics emphasizes what you need to know and why. Clear, straightforward, informal writing explains every topic for you without over-simplifying the concepts. Overviews and Tables of Contents in each chapter act as a roadmap to guide you through topics, showing you why each matters and how it fits into the larger framework of the law. FAQs clarify points of law and help you avoid common mistakes and misconceptions. Sidebars enrich the text with fascinating detail from legal history, policy, famous cases and more. Bolded key terms, Connections and summaries reinforce your understanding and give you ample opportunity for self-review. The overall graphical design of the series supports your visual learning.
Developed for students by a Harvard law student (while he was in law school), Emanuel CrunchTime titles provide the trusted guidance of Emanuel Law Outlines in a tighter, briefer format for quick review at exam time.Flow Charts walk you through a series of yes/no questions that can be used to analyze any question on the exam. The Capsule Summary allows you to quickly review key concepts. You can test your knowledge by working through the ample Short-Answer Q&A s, which are organized by topic. Exams Tips often based on hundreds of past law school and bar exam questions recap the legal issues commonly tested on exams for you. They explore fact patterns typically used to test those issues. CrunchTime allows you to practice your essay exam skills by answering questions asked on past exams. Flowcharts help you craft compelling essays, and you can compare your answers to the samples provided. CrunchTime aids structure the maximum amount of information you can learn in the last week before exams. Uniform in writing style and approach, you can be confident that any title in the series is of consistent quality. Every title is frequently updated and reviewed against new developments and recent cases covered in the leading casebooks.
Write a will that suits your needs with a minimum of fuss.
This book provides all the forms and step-by-step instructions you need to create a simple, valid will that protects your family and property after your death.
Make a will that lets you:
name beneficiaries to inherit your assets choose a guardian for young children set up trusts for minors, and name an executor (and a backup).
Learn how to:
choose appropriate witnesses finalize your will, and revoke or change your will if necessary.
This book also explains basic estate planning, including steps you can take to avoid probate court. The updated 8th edition includes the latest changes in federal estate tax law.
Each title is keyed to the current edition of a specific casebook; it s your trusted guide to the text throughout the semester.The brief for each principal case in the casebook saves you time and helps you retain important issues. Each brief has a succinct statement of the rule of law/black letter law, description of the facts, important points of the holding and decision, and concurrences and dissents included in the casebook excerpt. This overview is combined with a short analysis: all to help you broaden your understanding and support you in classroom discussion. Quicknotes at end of each brief give you short definitions of the legal terms used. A handy Glossary of common Latin words and phrases is included in every Casenote. Detailed instruction on how to brief a case is provided for you. A free Quick Course Outline accompanies all Casenote Legal Briefs in these course areas: Civil Procedure, Constitutional Law, Contracts, Criminal Law, Criminal Procedure, Evidence, Property, and Torts.
In recent years, a number of controversies related to religious issues have characterised the European public debate at both the EU and the national level. The ‘affaire du foulard’ in France, the referendum on abortion in Portugal, the recognition of same-sex marriages in many Western European States, the debate over bioethics and the regulation of euthanasia are only a few examples of contentious issues involving religion. This book aims to shed light on the interrelation between these different debates, as well as their broader meaning, through the analysis of the paradigmatic case of Italy. Italy summarizes and sometimes exasperates wider European trends, both because of the peculiar role traditionally played by the Vatican in Italian politics and for the rise, since the 1990s, of new political entrepreneurs eager to exploit ethical and civilizational issues.
This work will be of great interest to scholars and students of a number of fields within the disciplines of political science, sociology and law, and will be useful for courses on religion and politics, political parties, social movements and civil society.
C[hristopher]. C[olumbus]. Langdell [1826-1906] was Dean of the law faculty at Harvard Law School from 1870 to 1895, and developed administrative programs that endured. After his death a chair in the law school was named in his honor and one of the school's buildings was named Langdell Hall. He is known for his introduction of the "case" system of legal instruction as seen in this work. His other works include Cases on Sales (1872); Summary of Equity Pleading (1877, 2nd ed., 1883); Cases in Equity Pleading (1883); and Brief Survey of Equity Jurisdiction (1905).
Feminist Legal History represents feminist legal historians’ efforts to define their field, by showcasing historical research and analysis that demonstrates how women were denied legal rights, how women used the law proactively to gain rights, and how, empowered by law, women worked to alter the law to try to change gendered realities. Encompassing two centuries of American history, thirteen original essays expose the many ways in which legal decisions have hinged upon ideas about women or gender as well as the ways women themselves have intervened in the law, from Elizabeth Cady Stanton’s notion of a legal class of gender to the deeply embedded inequities involved in Ledbetter v. Goodyear, a 2007 Supreme Court pay discrimination case.
Contributors: Carrie N. Baker, Felice Batlan, Tracey Jean Boisseau, Eileen Boris, Richard H. Chused, Lynda Dodd, Jill Hasday, Gwen Hoerr Jordan, Maya Manian, Melissa Murray, Mae C. Quinn, Margo Schlanger, Reva Siegel, Tracy A. Thomas, and Leti Volpp
Don’t let a neighborly nuisance turn into a nasty lawsuit. Learn your rights and responsibilities with Neighbor Law, the plain-English guide to the laws behind common neighbor disputes.
Neighbor Law is more than a legal guide—it’s a practical book filled with tips on how to solve problems and restore good neighbor relations. Find out how to handle:
noisy neighbors trees that hang over a property line blocked views unclear boundary lines high, unsightly, or deteriorating fences dangers to children (“attractive nuisances”) problems with neighboring businesses drones trespassing onto your property other common issues, like secondhand smoke, blighted property, and animal issues.
The 9th edition includes updated laws and information on mediation, going to court, boundary fences, private nuisances, and much more.
• a will preparation checklist and client interview sheet
• living wills for the District of Columbia and Maryland
• health care power of attorney forms for the District of Columbia, Maryland and Virginia
• timetables for estate administration in the District of Columbia, Maryland and Virginia
Specifically, it addresses the legalization - or lack thereof - of divorce and abortion in three recently democratized Catholic countries: Spain, Chile, and Argentina. Offering a vital and timely contribution to political debates on democratic consolidation, social policy, gender, politics and religion, it challenges many of the accepted assumptions and conclusions in these fields, arguing that to understand the political dynamics and policy trajectories on these issues we must first analyze the distribution of both economic and political power. Merike Blofield moves the debate away from a (unitary) focus on values and public opinion to an analysis of how economic, social and political structures give certain actors more power than others. The topics covered should appeal to a broad readership interested in the difficulties of democratic consolidation in Latin America, and the obstacles to social policy reform in a region with such high levels of inequality. The analysis presented in The Politics of Moral Sin also deepens our understanding of why and how European countries have been so successful in limiting the indulgence of organized religion and in promoting women's rights.
"Probably the decisive factor in our reception of English equity was Story's Equity Jurisprudence. With much art (...) he made it seem that the precepts established by the decisions of the English Courts of Chancery coincided in substance with those of the Roman law as expounded by the civilians and hence were but statements of universal principles of natural law universally accepted in civilized states. If equity had been expounded to American judges and lawyers and students in the dry and technical fashion of the contemporary English treatises, we might have been sorely hampered in the development of American Law by a crippled equity. Story's sympathetic exposition of English equity (...) was the one thing needed to commend equity to our American courts and to counteract the forces that were working against it."-- Pound, The Formative Era in American Law 156-157
Apart from James Kent, no man has had greater influence on the development of American law than Joseph Story [1779-1845]. He was Dane Professor of Law at Harvard, where he played a key role in the growth of the school and the establishment of its national eminence, and an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, where he was the author of several landmark decisions, such as Martin v. Hunter's Lessee. His many books, most notably the monumental work Commentaries on the Constitution (1833), have been cited extensively, and he remains an authority today.