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The first title in a new series, this book explores topics from classical and quantum mechanics and field theory. The material is presented at a level between that of a textbook and research papers making it ideal for graduate students. The book provides an entree into a field that promises to remain exciting and important for years to come.
In many respects, biology is the new frontier for applied mathematicians. This book demonstrates the important role mathematics plays in the study of some biological problems. It introduces mathematicians to the biological sciences and provides enough mathematics for bioscientists to appreciate the utility of the modelling approach. The book presents a number of diverse topics, such as neurophysiology, cell biology, immunology, and human genetics. It examines how research is done,what mathematics is used, what the outstanding questions are, and how to enter the field. Also given is a brief historical survey of each topic, putting current research into perspective. The book is suitable for mathematicians and biologists interested in mathematical methods in biology.
Part 2 contains sections on Automorphic representations and $L$-functions, Arithmetical algebraic geometry and $L$-functions
The papers in this book, first presented at a 1986 AMS Short Course, give a brief introduction to approximation theory and some of its current areas of active research, both theoretical and applied. The first lecture describes and illustrates the basic concerns of the field. Topics highlighted in the other lectures include the following: approximation in the complex domain, $N$-width, optimal recovery, interpolation, algorithms for approximation, and splines, with a strong emphasis on a multivariate setting for the last three topics. The book is aimed at mathematicians interested in an introduction to areas of current research and to engineers and scientists interested in exploring the field for possible applications to their own fields. The book is best understood by those with a standard first graduate course in real and complex analysis, but some of the presentations are accessible with the minimal requirements of advanced calculus and linear algebra.
Discusses biological clocks, plus topics in ecology, neurobiology, and extinction
On April 7-10, 1980, the American Mathematical Society sponsored a Symposium on the Mathematical Heritage of Henri Poincari, held at Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana. This title presents the written versions this Symposium. It contains two papers by invited speakers who were not able to attend, S S Chern and L Nirenberg.
Brings into focus interconnections between combinatorics on the one hand and geometry, group theory, number theory, special functions, lattice packings, logic, topological embeddings, games, experimental dsigns, and sociological and biological applications on the other hand.
This volume contains 36 research papers written by prominent researchers. The papers are based on a large satellite conference on scientific computing held at the International Congress of Mathematicians (ICM) in Xi'an, China. Topics covered include a variety of subjects in modern scientific computing and its applications, such as numerical discretization methods, linear solvers, parallel computing, high performance computing, and applications to solid and fluid mechanics, energy, environment, and semiconductors. The book will serve as an excellent reference work for graduate students and researchers working with scientific computing for problems in science and engineering.
Contains sections on Algebraic $K$- and $L$-theory, Surgery and its applications, Group actions.
During 1991-1992, Northwestern University conducted a special emphasis year on the topic, ``The connections between topology and representation theory''. Activities over the year culminated in a conference in May 1992 which attracted over 120 participants. Most of the plenary lectures at the conference were expository and designed to introduce current trends to graduate students and nonspecialists familiar with algebraic topology. This volume contains refereed papers presented or solicited at the conference; one paper is based on a seminar given during the emphasis year.
The mathematical theory of games was first developed as a model for situations of conflict, whether actual or recreational. It gained widespread recognition when it was applied to the theoretical study of economics by von Neumann and Morgenstern in Theory of Games and Economic Behavior in the 1940s. The later bestowal in 1994 of the Nobel Prize in economics on Nash underscores the important role this theory has played in the intellectual life of the twentieth century. This volume is based on courses given by the author at the University of Kansas. The exposition is ``gentle'' because it requires only some knowledge of coordinate geometry; linear programming is not used. It is ``mathematical'' because it is more concerned with the mathematical solution of games than with their applications. Existing textbooks on the topic tend to focus either on the applications or on the mathematics at a level that makes the works inaccessible to most non-mathematicians. This book nicely fits in between these two alternatives. It discusses examples and completely solves them with tools that require no more than high school algebra. In this text, proofs are provided for both von Neumann's Minimax Theorem and the existence of the Nash Equilibrium in the $2 \times 2$ case. Readers will gain both a sense of the range of applications and a better understanding of the theoretical framework of these two deep mathematical concepts.
This volume contains the proceedings of the AMS-IMS-SIAM Joint Summer Research Conference on Relationships between Continuum Theory and the Theory of Dynamical Systems, held at Humboldt State University in Arcata, California, in June 1989. The conference reflected recent interactions between dynamical systems and continuum theory. Illustrating the increasing confluence of these two areas, this volume contains introductory papers accessible to mathematicians and graduate students in any area of mathematics, as well as papers aimed more at specialists. Most of the papers are concerned with the dynamics of surface homeomorphisms or of continua that occur as attractors for surface homeomorphisms.
Contains sections on Noncompact complex manifolds, Differential geometry and complex analysis, Problems in approximation, Value distribution theory, Group representation and harmonic analysis, Survey papers.
The lecture notes contained in this volume were presented at the AMS Short Course on Population Biology, held August 6-7, 1983, in Albany, New York in conjunction with the summer meeting of the American Mathematical Society. These notes will acquaint the reader with the mathematical ideas that pervade almost every level of thinking in population biology and provide an introduction to the many applications of mathematics in the field. Research mathematicians, college teachers of mathematics, and graduate students all should find this book of interest. Population biology is probably the oldest area in mathematical biology, but remains a constant source of new mathematical problems and the area of biology best integrated with mathematical theory. The need for mathematical approaches has never been greater, as evolutionary theory is challenged by new interpretations of the paleontological record and new discoveries at the molecular level, as world resources for feeding populations become limiting, as the problems of pollution increase, and as both animal and plant epidemiological problems receive closer scrutiny. A background of advanced calculus, introduction to ordinary and partial differential equations, and linear algebra will make the book accessible. All of the papers included have high research value. A list of the contents follows.
The study of Riemann problems has undergone a strong, steady growth in the last decade. The general direction of the research has headed toward understanding the wave structure of the solutions of more physically realistic systems. These systems fail either or both of the two main restrictions of the classical theory - that the system be strictly hyperbolic or genuinely nonlinear. The systems that have been studied tend to fall into the following broad classes: real gas dynamics (including combustion), visco-elastic materials, phase transitions, and multiphase flow in porous media. In addition to their usefulness in large-scale calculations, computational schemes have vastly improved the handling of discontinuity behavior.This volume contains the proceedings of the AMS-IMS-SIAM Joint Summer Research Conference on Current Progress in Hyperbolic Systems: Riemann Problems and Computations, held at Bowdoin College in July 1988. The papers presented here provide a complete picture of recent research by some of the leaders in this field. Graduate students and beginning researchers will find this book a useful introduction to current work in this area.
Samples and surveys; The analysis of variance; Nonparametric statistical tests of hypotheses; Rank estimates from nonparametric tests; Statistical inferences for ordered parameters: a personal view of isotonic regression since the work by Barlow, Bartholomew, Bremner and Brunk; Time series: model estimation, data analysis and robust procedures.
Contains papers on such topics as several complex variables, algebraic functions, the power moment problem, quasilinear parabolic equations, trigonometric and orthogonal series, and modules from a categorical viewpoint
Contains sections on Real harmonic analysis, Hardy spaces and BMO,Harmonic functions, potential theory and theory of functions of one complex variable
One of the most exciting features of tomography is the strong relationship between high-level pure mathematics (such as harmonic analysis, partial differential equations, microlocal analysis, and group theory) and applications to medical imaging, impedance imaging, radiotherapy, and industrial nondestructive evaluation. This book contains the refereed proceedings of the AMS-SIAM Summer Seminar on Tomography, Impedance Imaging, and Integral Geometry, held at Mount Holyoke College in June 1993. A number of common themes are found among the papers. Group theory is fundamental both to tomographic sampling theorems and to pure Radon transforms. Microlocal and Fourier analysis are important for research in all three fields. Differential equations and integral geometric techniques are useful in impedance imaging. In short, a common body of mathematics can be used to solve dramatically different problems in pure and applied mathematics. Radon transforms can be used to model impedance imaging problems. These proceedings include exciting results in all three fields represented at the conference.
Contains sections on Structure of topological manifolds, Low dimensional manifolds, Geometry of differential manifolds and algebraic varieties, $H$-spaces, loop spaces and $CW$ complexes, Problems.
These two volumes of 47 papers focus on the increased interplay of theoretical advances in nonlinear hyperbolic systems, completely integrable systems, and evolutionary systems of nonlinear partial differential equations. The papers both survey recent results and indicate future research trends in these vital and rapidly developing branches of PDEs. The editor has grouped the papers loosely into the following five sections: integrable systems, hyperbolic systems, variational problems, evolutionary systems, and dispersive systems. However, the variety of the subjects discussed as well as their many interwoven trends demonstrate that it is through interactive advances that such rapid progress has occurred. These papers require a good background in partial differential equations. Many of the contributors are mathematical physicists, and the papers are addressed to mathematical physicists (particularly in perturbed integrable systems), as well as to PDE specialists and applied mathematicians in general.
High dimensional integration arises naturally in two major sub-fields of statistics: multivariate and Bayesian statistics. Indeed, the most common measures of central tendency, variation, and loss are defined by integrals over the sample space, the parameter space, or both. Recent advances in computational power have stimulated significant new advances in both Bayesian and classical multivariate statistics. In many statistical problems, however, multiple integration can be the major obstacle to solutions. This volume contains the proceedings of an AMS-IMS-SIAM Joint Summer Research Conference on Statistical Multiple Integration, held in June 1989 at Humboldt State University in Arcata, California. The conference represents an attempt to bring together mathematicians, statisticians, and computational scientists to focus on the many important problems in statistical multiple integration. The papers document the state of the art in this area with respect to problems in statistics, potential advances blocked by problems with multiple integration, and current work directed at expanding the capability to integrate over high dimensional surfaces.
This is the proceedings of the 1983 AMS Short Course given at Denver, Colorado. Computer communications is characterized by rapid technological advances presenting problems of a theoretical nature that are often very difficult to solve. They range from those that arise on a single chip, where communication among thousands of elements on a chip is influenced by electrical properties, to those that arise when human beings communicate with databases where the logical aspects of communications play a more important role. A variety of mathematical methods is needed to attempt to solve such problems; they vary from partial differential equations to temporal or modal logic. The article on ``Diffusion Approximation'' is probably one of the best reviews of this field. The book is unique in having contributors from a variety of different fields of computer communications. All of the articles are of high research value and are self-contained.
This volume contains translations of papers that originally appeared in the Japanese journal Sugaku. These papers range over a variety of topics in ordinary and partial differential equations, and in analysis. Many of them are survey papers presenting new results obtained in the last few years. This volume is suitable for graduate students and research mathematicians interested in analysis and differential equations.
This volume contains 21 articles based on invited talks given at two international conferences held in France in 2001. Most of the papers are devoted to various problems of commutative algebra and their relation to properties of algebraic varieties. The book is suitable for graduate students and research mathematicians interested in commutative algebra and algebraic geometry.
Ranges over such topics as subdifferentials of convex functions, ergodictheorems for dynamical systems, noncommutative probability theory, limit density matrices, and conservative Hamiltonian systems
These two volumes represent the culmination of the Special Year `84-'85 in Reacting Flows held at Cornell University. As the proceedings of the 1985 AMS/SIAM Summer Seminar in Applied Mathematics, the volumes focus on both mathematical and computational questions in combustion and chemical reactors. They are addressed to researchers and graduate students in the theory of reacting flows. Together they provide a sound basis and many incentives for future research, especially in computational aspects of reacting flows. Although the theory of reacting flows has developed rapidly, researchers in the two subareas of combustion and chemical reactors have not communicated. The main goal of this seminar was to synthesize the mathematical theory and bring it to the interface with large-scale computing. All of the papers have high research value, but the first five introductory lectures should be especially noted.
These two volumes of 47 papers focus on the increased interplay of theoretical advances in nonlinear hyperbolic systems, completely integrable systems, and evolutionary systems of nonlinear partial differential equations. The papers both survey recent results and indicate future research trends in these vital and rapidly developing branches of PDEs. The editor has grouped the papers loosely into the following five sections: integrable systems, hyperbolic systems, variational problems, evolutionary systems, and dispersive systems. However, the variety of the subjects discussed as well as their many interwoven trends demonstrate that it is through interactive advances that such rapid progress has occurred. These papers require a good background in partial differential equations. Many of the contributors are mathematical physicists, and the papers are addressed to mathematical physicists (particularly in perturbed integrable systems), as well as to PDE specialists and applied mathematicians in general.
This volume contains the proceedings of the AMS-IMS-SIAM Summer Research Conference on ``Geometric and Topological Invariants of Elliptic Operators,'' held in August 1988 at Bowdoin College. Some of the themes covered at the conference and appearing in the articles are: the use of more sophisticated asymptotic methods to obtain index theorems, the study of the $\eta$ invariant and analytic torsion, and index theory on open manifolds and foliated manifolds. The current state of noncommutative differential geometry, as well as operator algebraic and $K$-theoretic methods, are also presented in several the articles. This book will be useful to researchers in index theory, operator algebras, foliations, and mathematical physics. Topologists and geometers are also likely to find useful the view the book provides of recent work in this area. In addition, because of the expository nature of several of the articles, it will be useful to graduate students interested in working in these areas.
Among the topics explored are categories of Banach spaces, semisimple algebraic groups, linear elliptic differential equations, the Poincare boundary value problem, and pseudodifferential operators